Chapter 6: Contributions made outside classical Athens

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In this brief book I repeat what we all already know; that the Ancient Greeks bestowed on us fundamental ingredients needed to create an evolving and prospering civilization, all pointing to freedom, as the fundamental stone supporting our western-way of life to this day, with no signs of slowing down in the future. The work though is mostly Classical-Greece-centric (or Ancient Athens-centric). Many contributions made by other Ancient Greek civilizations, Ancient Greeks and Ancient Greek city-states have been left out, which, as recorded by history, offered more than one can include in a deliberately small book such as this one. Undoubtedly, the Bronze Age Minoans (considered the first well-known literate civilization in Europe which benefited primarily from trade), the Myceneans (the warrior aristocracy-type civilization which benefited from conquest) and the Iron Age Dorians laid the foundations for the contributions that followed during the Classical period (480–323 BCE) and thereafter the Hellenistic period (323–146 BCE).

In this chapter, selectively and in a laconic fashion, I would like to remind the reader about some non-mentioned ever-lasting contributions made outside Classical Athens, in the legendary Ancient Greek city-states of Corinth, Sparta, Thebes, and Macedonia, the birthplace of Alexander the Great.

Chapter 6: Contributions made outside classical Athens    160
1 Ancient Corinth160
2 Ancient Sparta164
3 Ancient Thebes169
4 Ancient Macedonia173

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