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International Journal of Tourism Anthropology (4 papers in press)
Indigenous Peoples and Tourism Business Opportunity: The Influence of Orang Aslis Personality Traits and Sense of Community by Derweanna Bah Simpong, Mohd Salehuddin Mohd Zahari, Mohd Hafiz Hanafiah, Roslina Ahmad Abstract: This paper empirically investigates the influence of Malaysian indigenous peoples (Orang Asli) personality traits and sense of community toward their participation in tourism industry-related businesses. Specifically, this study surveyed Orang Asli entrepreneurs who are involved in tourism businesses. This study applies the causal research design through a quantitative method, self-reported and self-administered questionnaire. Two hundred eighty-five (285) completed surveys were successfully collected and coded. Through Structural Equation Modelling (SEM), the path analysis result shows that there is a strong link between Orang Asli personality traits and their participation in tourism businesses. Also, there is also evident that their sense of community is an essential factor for the Orang Asli to partake in the tourism business. This promising indication has undoubtedly drawn several practical implications not only for the Orang Asli entrepreneurs but also for the policy maker and responsible authority. Keywords: Indigenous; entrepreneurs; tourism business; Orang Asli; Malaysia.
Environmental Conservation, Tourism Development and the Dilemma of the Indigenous Pygmy People in Southeast Cameroon by Ngambouk Vitalis Pemunta, Asahngwa Constantine Abstract: This paper examines the implications of the paradox implicit in the conflation of Pygmies andrnother forest-based peoples (Bantu farmers) as a single identity group by conservationists andrntourism developers. These actors share a hardened image and a single field view of the Pygmiesrnas people of the forest that must paradoxically be evicted to give way for neoliberalrndevelopment activities. The paper demonstrates that while Pygmies have diversified livelihoodrntrajectories, prevailing prejudicial views about their non-contamination by the tourist andrnacademic industry persists. As agents, the Pygmies are however, simultaneously maintaining theirrnidentity while engaging in performatic performances through which they stage their authenticityrn(reflective ethnicity) for their own benefits. To avoid conflicts between protected areas and people,rnand ensure co-management, conservationists and eco-tourism developers should take note of thernco-constitution of man-nature relationships, the intersection between economic and ecologicalrnjustice as well as inter-group power dynamics among multiple stakeholders in local communities. Keywords: reflective ethnicity; sustainable tourism; sustainable development; (eco-)tourism paradox; hunter-gatherers; Pygmies; indigenous people.
Research on the intangible ethnic tourism development after the civil war, based on stakeholder perspective: the case of Jaffna, Sri Lanka by WHMS Samarathunga Abstract: During the recent past, tourism literature discusses much about the stakeholders involvement in tourism planning and development. The present study aims at identifying the stakeholders perspectives on intangible ethnic tourism (IET) development in Jaffna, Sri Lanka, using stakeholder theory, which has been a missed area in the tourism literature. Interviews, discussions and participatory observations were used as key research tools during the data collection process. Content analysis was conducted using NVivo software to analyze the data. The analysis of the stakeholders perspectives emphasized that there is a huge IET potential in Jaffna which can contribute to the socio-economic development in the area. Although the stakeholders have mixed feelings towards IET development, their insights provide valuable directions for sustainable development of IET in Jaffna. Keywords: stakeholders; stakeholder theory; intangible ethnic tourism; sustainable development.
Pi Ta Khon A liminal celebration in a bureaucratized framework by Erik Cohen Abstract: The Pi Ta Khon are masked dancers in the Pha Wet (Vessantara) festival in Dan Sai town, northeastern Thailand, who in recent decades became a major tourist attraction. This is a case study of the transformation of the appearance and conduct of the Pi Ta Khon, as they were adapted by the national and local tourist authorities for the growing domestic and foreign tourist audience. Taking a Turnerian perspective, the Pi Ta Khon are interpreted as liminal beings, whose liminality, however, is attenuated by the interference of those outside organizational forces. Two modifications of Turners approach to liminality and pilgrimage are suggested on the basis of this case study. Keywords: Vesantara Jataka; Phra Wet festival; masks; liminality; pilgrimage; tourism; commercialization.