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International Journal of Tourism Anthropology (5 papers in press)
Tourism Travel Patterns and Mexican Millennial Women:
A comparative study of their conditions and meanings
by Rosa Adriana Vázquez Gómez, Maribel Osorio García, Denice Anel Ordaz Mejía Abstract: This article presents a comparative study of the living conditions, practices and meanings of tourist travel for young millennial women in Mexico Citys metropolitan area within the framework of youth tourism in order to identify how travel contributes to the social construction of their identity. Through comparative, mixed and gendered research, a methodological convergence strategy was applied in which quantitative research was carried out through surveys and qualitative research through interviews, aimed at two groups of young female students in different educational institutions, with different economic situations, and located in a central area versus the outskirts of Mexico City. The results reveal similarities in both groups travel practices, but there are differences with respect to the meanings they grant them and, therefore, the role that travel has in constructing their identities. Keywords: Tourism; Millennial youth; Travel; Identity; Meanings.
Maids and Housekeepers working in luxury hotels Life stories in hotels in Buenos Aires city by Maximiliano Korstanje Abstract: The tourism industry evinces a high turnover of staff which needs further hard training and organization. Broadly speaking, the service quality seems to be directly proportional to excessive working hours, which are accompanied by less-paid wages and hard working conditions. This paper interrogates furtherly on the (real) motivations of maid and housekeepers who are professionally educated to serve high purchasing power tourists. The research focuses on the needs, socio-economic background of maid and housekeepers as well as the pro and cons of their daily tasks. Based on the life story and story-telling and as the main method of study, we conduct exploratory research -sampled by 8 in-depth interviews-. The research takes place -following the snowball technique- in luxury hotels geographically situated in Buenos Aires city in the second semester of 2019. The current investigation aims at discussing the interconnection of individual contexts with the labour relations in the industry of tourism and hospitality. Following the method of genre perspective theoretically developed by Knox (2008a), Adib & Guerrier (2003), Harris (2010) and Alcorso (2003), the present paper examines the asymmetrical relations of genres, as well as race, class and nationalities in the fields of luxury hotels. Still further, our toolbox draws from the contributions of Harris, Tregidfa & Williamson (2011) who investigated the under-valorization of cleaning staff as a serious academic career, and the motivations of housekeepers at work (Singh & Amandeep, 2017). What is more important, the conceptions of Butler and eco-feminism (2001; 2003) occupy a central position in this work. Keywords: Housekeepers; women; luxury hotels; Buenos Aires city.
A SEMIOTICS VIEW THROUGH OBJECTIFICATION OF FEMALES IN TOURISM RELATED ADVERTISEMENT by Vahit Oguz Kiper, Sevki Ulema Abstract: Females take place in advertisements for different reasons and using them as sexual appeal content is one of them. Like all other industries, advertisers use females in advertisements and this causes the objectification of female which brings some negative consequences such as stereotypes against women and approve of violence against them in the tourism industry. It also marginalizes women out of society by creating a perception as they belong to men and mens pleasure by serving them. There are numerous researches about this topic. However this research aims to explore the existence of objectification of females in tourism related advertisements by investigating hotels picture galleries which are setup to promote hotels to their potential customers. Since nudity and sexuality are subjective terms, contents from literature and two different image sets are used to strengthen the discussion of this paper. Findings present how females become objects of sexual appeal in 5-star hotels images. Keywords: Female Objectification; Nudity in Tourism; Sexuality Appeal in Tourism; Tourism Advertisements.
Spiritual pilgrimages and UFO tourism in Uruguay: the case of La Auroras cattle ranch by Martin Gamboa Abstract: This article analyzes the advent of a type of spiritual tourism that is taking place on livestock farms in northern Uruguay. The spread of stories about sightings of anomalous lights and unidentified flying objects by locals have historically caused these farms to become tourist attractions. This is the case of La Auroras cattle ranch, where a series of events between 1976 and 1977 changed the history of the area forever. After these supernatural events, which left several marks on the ground, happened, the cattle ranch gained local and international popularity regarding UFO issues. Nowadays tourists, ufologists, new age groups, and religious pilgrims from different countries visit it during the year. The beginning of a type of modern secular pilgrimage at La Aurora cattle ranch is explained in terms of a multi-sited ethnography. Keywords: tourist attraction; Uruguay; anthropology; UFO sightings; new age; modern secular pilgrimage; multi-sited ethnography; non-human agency.
The Effects of COVID-19 in the tourist society: an Anthropological Insight of the trivialization of death and life by Maximiliano Korstanje Abstract: In the present essay review, we bring some sociological reflections about the durable effects of the lockdown not only in tourism behavior but also in society. In so doing, we pose some central questions oriented to understand the sense of new normality, where the social distancing marks human relations. We coin the term trivialization of death to discuss the ideological dispositions revolving around the domestication of death. In parallel, a new debate around the idea of the tourist-gaze is amounted in the section to follow. In the pre-pandemic world, tourists were valorized as ambassadors of the civilized order, but now they appear to be demonized as potential carriers of a lethal decease, if not potential terrorists who lurk to attack anytime. To some extent, COVID19 far from being a foundational event- reaffirms a logic that starts with 9/11 and the so-called War on Terror. Keywords: rnKeywords: New Normal; Covid-19; Industrial Genocide; Trivialization of Life; Naturalization of Death.rn.