Forthcoming articles


International Journal of Quantitative Research in Education


These articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in IJQRE, but are pending final changes, are not yet published and may not appear here in their final order of publication until they are assigned to issues. Therefore, the content conforms to our standards but the presentation (e.g. typesetting and proof-reading) is not necessarily up to the Inderscience standard. Additionally, titles, authors, abstracts and keywords may change before publication. Articles will not be published until the final proofs are validated by their authors.


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International Journal of Quantitative Research in Education (4 papers in press)


Regular Issues


  • The effect of gender on mathematics attitudes among elementary school Students: a multiple indicators, multiple causes (MIMIC) modelling   Order a copy of this article
    by Ernest Afari, Myint Swe Khine 
    Abstract: This study examined the effect of gender on students attitudes towards Mathematics. 1039 elementary students from a Gulf state responded to the Math and Me survey (Adelson & McCoach, 2011) which has two constructs (Enjoyment of Mathematics and Mathematical Self-Perceptions). Data were analysed using structural equation modelling (SEM), in particular confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), multigroup CFA and multiple indicators, multiple causes (MIMIC) modelling. Multigroup CFA was used to evaluate the measurement invariance of the Math and Me survey across male and female students. Our results indicated no support for the invariance of both measurement and structural models. Using MIMIC modelling, there was statistical significant difference for gender in both constructs of the questionnaire, with female students scoring higher than male students in both constructs (Enjoyment of Mathematics and Mathematical Self-Perceptions). This study has employed a special case of SEM that allows for a dichotomous group of comparison (e.g. gender) to be made using cause indicators as exogenous variables.
    Keywords: attitudes; gender; self-perceptions; structural equation modelling.

  • Student Academic Support in the Smartphone Era: Changes in Mode Selection   Order a copy of this article
    by Joseph Mazer, Blair Thompson 
    Abstract: The rapid development of new communication technologies has facilitated an increase in student academic support. This descriptive study examines how the modes students use to communicate student academic support have evolved since the proliferation of smartphones. The findings indicate that students have shifted away from phone calls and computer-mediated modes of communication (e.g., email, Facebook, Blackboard, and Skype/FaceTime) toward text messaging to communicate academic support. Results also suggest overall increases in the frequency and perceived importance of student academic support. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed and suggestions for how smartphones can facilitate academic support among students are outlined.
    Keywords: student academic support; social support; mode selection; scale development; smartphones.

  • Factors Affecting Primary School Achievement in Botswana: A Multilevel Model for General Student Performance   Order a copy of this article
    by Cuc Ngyun, Matthew Gordon Ray Courtney, Shelley Gillis 
    Abstract: This study explores and identifies key student- and school-related factors associated with general academic achievement of Year 6 primary school students in Botswana. Drawing on the SACMEQ II data, and making use of 3,322 students from 170 schools, the investigation identifies and accounts for the large degree of variation in student achievement between schools. While previous research in the country identifies school equipment and resourcing as a key determinants of student achievement, the study at hand also identifies factors not previously considered. Controlling for socio-economic and geographic factors, the investigation uses multi-level structural equation modelling to identify regularity-of-meals, teacher literacy, student-teacher ratio, and tendency to speak English outside of school as drivers for improving learner equity and achievement across the country. Suggestions for school policy and teacher training are discussed.
    Keywords: African Primary Education; Educational Policy; Botswana; Multilevel Modelling; Student Achievement.

  • Application of Triangular Fuzzy Numbers to Analogical Reasoning   Order a copy of this article
    by Michael Voskoglou 
    Abstract: Much of the human cognitive activity depends on the ability to reason analogically by processing information that compares the similarities between new and past understood concepts and then uses these similarities to gain understanding of the new concept. Since the mechanisms of human cognition in general and of analogical reasoning in particular are characterized by a degree of vagueness and uncertainty, fuzzy logic could help for a better understanding of the individual difficulties to reason analogically. In this work a combination is applied of triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) and of the Centre of Gravity (COG) defuzzification technique as means for assessing student skills in solving mathematical problems by analogy. A classroom experiment is also presented performed with students of the Graduate Technological Educational Institute (T. E. I.) of Western Greece, which illustrates our results in practice. In order to check the validity of the fuzzy assessment method, its outcomes in this experiment are compared to the corresponding outcomes of two traditional assessment methods of the bivalued logic, the calculation of the mean value of student scores and the Grade Point Average (GPA) index. The GPA index is a weighted average assigning greater coefficients (weights) to the higher scores. The usefulness of the fuzzy approach becomes evident when linguistic grades only and not numerical scores are used for student assessment. Then the calculation of the mean value is not possible and the use of TFNs gives a much more representative approximation of the mean performance of a student group than the GPA index, which focuses on its quality performance.
    Keywords: Analogical Reasoning (AR); Analogical Problem Solving (APS); Student Assessment; Grade Point Average (GPA) Index; Fuzzy Assessment Methods; Triangular Fuzzy Numbers (TFNs).