Latin American Journal of Management for Sustainable Development
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Latin American J. of Management for Sustainable Development (3 papers in press)
SUBSIDIES FOR PUBLIC PASSENGER TRANSPORT IN BRAZIL A SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY ISSUE by Fernanda Delgado, Barbara Bezerra Abstract: The present paper analyzes how the public transport fare is calculated in Brazil. The choice of the research theme is related to the impact that tariff price has on the access to urban public transportation, especially since the people who most use this mode of transportation are the least favored ones and, therefore, those most in need of public policies that help establish fair tariff prices. The first part of the article contains an analysis on the tariff calculation in the Brazilian public transport system. From this definition, it was concluded that extra-tariff funds in Brazil are very small, so it was necessary to research different forms of subsidies used in other countries, as well as legal innovations found in Brazil, to suggest new ways of operation, which can increase the demand for the system and, consequently, increase the injection of funds in the sector. With the increase in revenue, public transport can gain in technological innovations for the sake of sustainability, contributing to lower carbon emissions to the atmosphere. Keywords: Public transport; Subsidy; Incentive; Financing; Climate justice; Carbon emission.
Comparing urban greenhouse gas emission inventories in Brazilian cities by Gilsâmara Catarina Alves Conceição, Marcia Mara De Oliveira Marinho, José Célio Silveira Andrade Abstract: The urban greenhouse gas emission (GHG) inventory is an important tool for climate change mitigation. In Brazil, 15 years after the publication of the first municipal GHG inventory, few cities have measured their emissions. It depicts the timid advance in the countrys urban climate agenda. In this paper, publicly available inventories were mapped, then methodologies, emissions and reports were compared, with the aim to identify similarities, divergences and challenges to consolidate this instrument. The results show that the municipal inventories in Brazil are not easily comparable. In many cases, it lacks transparency there are different interpretations of the methodology and gaps of information. The definition of quality criteria and the dialogue among cities may help to refine the tool. Comparative perspective allows the exchange of knowledge between localities with similar profiles, such as Latin American cities. Sustaining discussion on municipal inventories is important for its improvement as a tool to support local interventions.
Keywords: greenhouse gas emissions; GHG; urban GHG inventories; Brazilian cities. DOI: 10.1504/LAJMSD.2021.10038064
Energy analysis and management in flowshop into Industry 4.0 context by Rodrigo Luiz Antoniol, Alexandre Augusto Massote, Fábio Lima Abstract: Global warming, external pressure to apply sustainable practices and rising energy prices are increasingly important factors in todays society. Moreover, the cost of energy has become increasingly significant, and must to be considered in business competitiveness. This work investigates energy efficiency within the context of manufacturing systems. The methodology includes the development of a simulation model using digital manufacturing software, one of the pillars of Industry 4.0. The scenarios evaluated involve an automotive engine flowshop, where different simulation strategies were implemented that aim to reduce the overall electricity consumption. The results show that control actions using digital manufacturing systems enable the more efficient use of available resources by identifying opportunities to increase energy efficiency indicators, even in well-designed production systems. This work is aligned with the concept of Industry 4.0, where the sustainability of the process is mandatory. Keywords: energy efficient manufacturing; simulation; industry 4.0; energy management; digital manufacturing; sustainability. DOI: 10.1504/LAJMSD.2021.10043264