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International Journal of Work Innovation (3 papers in press)
Learning through co-configuration of a novel business model for sustainable innovation by Liubov Vetoshkina, Hanna Toiviainen Abstract: This paper analyses a networks learning through co-configuration. The co-configuration process of a novel business model a co-operative in a digital printing network demonstrates that the quest for sustainability in innovations sets the network participants a learning challenge. The study draws on the conceptualization of object-oriented co-configuration and multi-level learning in the cultural-historical activity theory framework. It follows the networks object creation through six workshops by analysing the discursive breaks and turning points in the process of co-configuration. The key findings of the paper are the understanding that a sustainable business model is not a stable or final solution, but an adaptive process, which requires collective efforts from network participants on multiple levels. In order to become sustainable in various areas, including environmental, social and economic areas, novel business models should focus on learning. This study contributes to studies of work innovations by increasing the understanding and significance of learning through co-configuration for sustainable innovation in work life networks. Keywords: Co-configuration; Consumer-involvement; Cultural-historical activity theory; Digital printing; Learning network; Sustainable innovation.
INNOVATIVE CULTURE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM KOSOVAR ENTERPRISES: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY by Lura Rexhepi Mahmutaj Abstract: Innovativeness is one of the fundamental instruments of growth strategies that enable firms to enter new markets, increase existing market share, and achieve a competitive advantage. Encouraging innovation in SMEs remains a key initiative to stimulate firm growth, especially in developing countries, like Kosovo, where innovation is mostly incremental. Even though SMEs are characterized by resource scarcity and high-risk failure, they still are, considered more productive because of their flexibility to adapt to market changes. One of the most significant influences on promoting innovation is organizational culture. A creative, innovative culture can be developed by choosing the right innovation strategy, building effective development processes, making resource commitments, and leveraging capabilities. Few studies examine the characteristics of innovation culture among SMEs in developing countries. This study aims to examine the organizational culture in SMEs that have developed innovations. Twenty-four SMEs participated in this research through interviews. The results showed that top management leadership is crucial to building an innovation culture within SMEs. These findings substantiated the importance of having a creative and competitive organizational culture in SMEs. Keywords: innovative culture; SMEs; case study; Kosovo.
New perspective on platform work - internal crowdworking as an instrument to facilitate strategic human resources management by Dennis Heinrich, Florian Schramm Abstract: Crowdworking is a form of platform economy in which work orders are put out to tender
by means of an open call for a certain or unspecified number of potential contractors. External crowdworking has been researched quite extensively. However, little attention is given to internal crowdworking (IC) where contracts are tendered to employees of the organisation. IC can enable the strengths of external crowdworking within the organisation to be used for strategic human resources management. Possible applications are particularly seen in the areas of deployment, retention, motivation, assessment and development. These areas provide the opportunity to secure qualifications within organisations and to use them cost-efficiently and in a flexible way, while external crowdworking has the reputation of eroding normal working conditions or favouring precarious ones. Starting with a systematic literature review to reveal the research gap, it is questioned and shown using reasoned argument how IC as a hybrid form of work can be part of strategic HRM. This is elaborated by combining three concepts of strategic HRM with IC. Theoretical foundations concerning the use of IC hardly exist. The aim is to show on a conceptual basis which functions IC can fulfil in the HR strategy context also as a further research basis. For management and practice, the paper provides the basis for reflection regarding a potential implementation of internal crowdworking. So the
findings of this work are particularly aimed at HR managers and intra- and
interdisciplinary researchers having interfaces with platform work and being interested in digitalization potential. Keywords: platform work; employment systems; strategic human resources management; internal crowdworking; enterprise crowdwork.