Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Work Innovation

International Journal of Work Innovation (IJWI)

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International Journal of Work Innovation (6 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Effects of teleworkers perceptions of superiors power and trust on their working behaviour: An application of the Slippery Slope Model   Order a copy of this article
    by Ingrid Wahl, Manuel Brugger, Christa Walenta 
    Abstract: According to work and organizational psychology, both power of superiors and trust in superiors increase compliance. Summarising these results in a straightforward way, the Slippery Slope Model additionally distinguishes between enforced and voluntary compliance. The models assumptions were tested with an experimental vignette and an online questionnaire in the field of teleworking. The vignette study revealed an interaction effect, showing voluntary compliance to be lowest and enforced compliance to be highest in the condition with powerful and untrustworthy superiors. Data from the questionnaire study showed power of superiors to be positively linked to enforced compliance, and trust in superiors to be positively linked to voluntary compliance and negatively linked to enforced compliance. In both studies voluntary and enforced compliance mediate the relation of power and trust with counterproductive work behaviour. Results suggest that fostering trust is more promising than showing power, which could be a guiding principle in everyday management.
    Keywords: telework; trust; power; leadership; work compliance; counterproductive work behaviour; telecommuting; remote working; mobile working; monitoring,.

  • Assessment of changes in the online labour market in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: comparison of the dynamics of rural and urban participation   Order a copy of this article
    by Natalja V. Polujanova, Sergei Yashin, Ekaterina V. Sazanova, Sergey Ponomarev, Maria E. Konovalova, Gulnaz F. Galieva 
    Abstract: The digital platforms provide rural and small-town residents with access to quality education and a variety of other services, as well as open opportunities for remote job search and the implementation of professional skills. These processes should increase the role of small towns and villages in the formation of the countrys online economy, including during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of the article is to compare the participation of residents of large cities and the rest of the Russian population in the field of online work, as well as to compare their skill level. The authors found that residents of small towns and rural areas of Russia are less active in the online labour market. The level of their qualifications is also relatively low. The conclusions were obtained based on the analysis of search queries on the subject of freelancing originating from these localities.
    Keywords: online labour market; rural population; urban population; large cities; pandemic; digital platforms; freelance; level of education and competencies.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJWI.2022.10052096
  • Machine learning approaches to sentiment analysis in online social networks   Order a copy of this article
    by Chandrakant Mallick, Sarojananda Mishra, Parimal Kumar Giri, Bijay Kumar Paikaray 
    Abstract: The online social network presents the quantitative measure of the psychological behaviour of individuals and helps to analyse the generic standpoint of social or political issues. As the field of research in text mining, it follows a computational approach to determine the opinions, sentiments, and subjectivity of text and other expressions. Moreover, the majority of approaches try to model the syntactic information of words without considering sentiment. The present study gives a brief narration of different machine learning (ML) models used for sentiment analysis. Also, propose an efficient modular approach to give precise accuracy in validating and testing the Twitter data. The objective is to solve the problems through evaluation and comparison of different methods based on accuracy and training time. The proposed model achieves an accuracy of 88.37% with minimum possible training time. Simulation study states, an effective way in which dataset may be thoroughly analysed and implemented with a focus on further validation of sentiment dataset to make tweet sentiment analysis more accurate.
    Keywords: sentiment analysis; regression analysis; neural network; machine learning; opinion mining; online social network.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJWI.2022.10052200
  • How does leadership bring individual creativity? A mediation and moderation analysis   Order a copy of this article
    by Muhammad Bilal Kayani, Komal Shafique, Maryam Ali 
    Abstract: Using the concept of psychological empowerment and moderation of organisational learning culture, this study examined how inclusive and transformational leadership affect the employees creativity in Pakistans real estate sector. Using convenience sampling technique, 250 sample size was taken cross-sectionally. 74% (185) employees responded to our research. Despite the fact employees might perceive themselves a s in a better position than their co-workers, inclusive leadership had no effect on employees individual creativity. However, transformational leadership was found to positively affect individual creativity. Further, mediation of psychological empowerment was found to be significant and moderation of organisational learning culture was found to be insignificant. This research has both theoretical and practical implications with some limitations and recommendations for future researchers.
    Keywords: inclusive leadership; transformational leadership; individual creativity; psychological empowerment; organisational learning culture.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJWI.2022.10052799
  • Global gig economy: prospects and key growth threats for developing countries   Order a copy of this article
    by Elena A. Okunkova, Irina V. Kosorukova, Tatyana Lazareva, Elena V. Korolyuk, Alla Bogomolova 
    Abstract: The purpose of the article is to identify the threats to developing countries caused by the rapid development of the gig economy based on flexible forms of working relationships, as well as the formation of recommendations for the implementation of state policy as part of their levelling. The article determines that developed countries are leading in the number of employees on freelance exchanges. Developing countries dominate in terms of the total number of freelancers. It is proved that the education index and the share of self-employed are characterised by a close inverse correlation, and the second indicator is associated with a low level of development of labour relations and problems in the economic development. It is revealed that a relatively high level of education of the population with a low level of development of labour relations contributes to the growth of the number of freelancers.
    Keywords: gig economy; developing countries; threats; freelance; freelance exchanges; flexible forms of working relations; public policy.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJWI.2022.10053033
  • The impact of emotional intelligence on employees performance and productivity   Order a copy of this article
    by Roy Matta, Rosette El Alam 
    Abstract: The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and employees performance, especially that organisations are still evolving continuously even under the current dynamic and challengeable environment facing the world; the employees needs are also changing rapidly and getting more complicated. Moreover, having an urgent need to adopt emotional intelligence in the workplace, and having recognised that the concept of leadership has been only applied in some companies, while others still lack in implementing emotional intelligence effectively preventing the employees to be fully motivated, productive and committed to their job. Data were collected using a mix-method research design involving qualitative and quantitative methods through interviewing the managers of five construction companies, also through launching a survey that was filled out by the employees. The results have indicated that emotional intelligence should be considered as a crucial factor in the determination of employees performance and productivity.
    Keywords: leadership; emotional intelligence; job satisfaction; employees’ performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJWI.2022.10053509