Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Water

International Journal of Water (IJW)

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International Journal of Water (4 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Monitoring drought condition through detecting the vegetation condition index at Barry City in Wales, UK, using temporal Landsat imageries   Order a copy of this article
    by Hayder H. Kareem 
    Abstract: Drought impacts economy, ecology, society, and agriculture. Depending on investigating the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), the Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) is used to monitor drought due to its dependability and efficiency in studying climatic and environmental events. Dryness in Barry, Wales, UK, and its impacts on vegetation are monitored using remote sensing and geographic information systems. Aerial time series data of Landsat images for 1974, 1984, 1994, 2004, 2014, and 2023 from the Multispectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM), Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), and Operational Land Imager (OLI) are inspected. VCI-based drought was greatest in 1994, weaker in 1974, and expected in 2023. According to VCI, average precipitation lowered drought intensity in 1984, 2004, and 2014. 1994 lost the most vegetation comparing to 1974, 1984, 2004, 2014, and 2023. These results show how the VCI helps identify drought patterns and how ecological variables interact with drought.
    Keywords: drought detection; VCI; NDVI; GIS; Landsat time series; remote sensing.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJW.2024.10062418
  • Understanding and mitigating extreme rainfall events in Jeddah: a comprehensive analysis of the November 24, 2022, flash flood and historical trends   Order a copy of this article
    by Raied S. N. Alharbi 
    Abstract: In November 2022, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, faced a catastrophic flash flood due to heavy rainfall. This study examined the event's spatial and temporal characteristics, runoff using the SCS-CN model, and historical rainfall data (1966-2022). Rainfall varied across the city, with the south and southeast experiencing intense downpours, peaking between 10 AM and 11 AM. The SCS-CN model revealed runoff differences by region. Historical data indicated rising daily precipitation levels, highlighting increased vulnerability to future intense rainfall. The study underscores the need for early warnings, better drainage, urban planning, evacuations, and community engagement to mitigate flood risks. It emphasizes Jeddah's susceptibility and the importance of ongoing climate research, resilient infrastructure, and adaptive urban planning. This research is valuable for policymakers, emergency responders, and climate researchers in Jeddah.
    Keywords: Jeddah; runoff; Saudi Arabia; flash flood; runoff model.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJW.2024.10062818
  • A study on the assessment of pollution and strategies for rejuvenation of Bharathapuzha river in Kerala, India   Order a copy of this article
    by Agnes Chembukavu, Vincy Verghese, Kurian P. K, Cyriac M. G, Archana S 
    Abstract: Human civilization has historically thrived along riverbanks; however, anthropogenic interventions in rivers, especially in developing nations like India, have negatively impacted its environment, economy and society. This calls for studies on assessing river pollution and formulating strategies to conserve and rejuvenate the polluted rivers. The present study focuses on assessing the state of pollution in the Bharathapuzha river, the second longest river in Kerala, India. It is inferred from the study that the disposal of domestic sewage and untreated wastewater are major factors for river pollution. In the light of these findings, the authors propose (i) sustainable measures to control the domestic pollution existing in the vicinity of the river and (ii) establishing sewage treatment plants to abate the river pollution. The current study also highlights the significance of stakeholder involvement in river conservation and delineates various social strategies oriented towards river rejuvenation.
    Keywords: Bharathapuzha river; water quality; pollution assessment; physico-chemico-biological water characteristics; domestic pollution; rejuvenation strategies; sewage treatment plant; stakeholder engagement,.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJW.2024.10063174
  • Physiochemical and geospatial analysis of groundwater quality of Myorpur block, Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh, India   Order a copy of this article
    by Avinash Ranjan, Muraree Lal Meena 
    Abstract: In the present study, 100 groundwater samples were collected during pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons (50 samples per season) from the Myorpur block of Uttar Pradesh state in India and analyzed for TDS, pH, EC, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na2+, K+, Cl-, SO42-, HCO3, NO3-, As, Cd, F, Pb, Ni, and Hg. Based on the results, the Water Quality Index (WQI) and Heavy Metal Pollution Index (HPI) values were calculated to evaluate the suitability of groundwater for drinking purposes. For the quality assessment, values of analyzed parameters were compared with the WHO (2011) and BIS (2012) drinking water standards. Data plotted on the Piper diagram indicates the dominance of bicarbonates and chlorides in groundwater. The analytical results indicated that the water quality of the area is only fit for consumption with proper filtration measures. Spatial analysis using ArcGIS software finds that the regions close to the industrial units have poor-quality drinking water.
    Keywords: : water contamination; industrial pollution; physiochemical analysis; spatial analysis; GIS; geographic information system; drinking water; Myorpur; Uttar Pradesh.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJW.2024.10063518