International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation (9 papers in press)
How innovation in life insurance is reshaping the global insurance market - The case of the Republic of Macedonia
by Branka Denkova
Abstract: Innovation through new technologies are key elements of change in the financial sector and this has led to major efficiency gains, even though these changes can be accompanied by uncertainty. Life insurance is not an exception to this. With developments in technology and new ways of service provision, these technologies are enabling the creation of new insurance products, services, and business models. Innovation through technology provides opportunities for traditional insurers to transform themselves and it also forces them to compete with well-founded companies that are beginning to reinvent themselves by providing new services and lowering the costs. Based on a social representation, this study pre-sents consumers attitudes towards innovation in life insurance. Results suggest that there is low interest for respondents to engage with new sources of innovation and experimentation. Consequently, this should trigger insurance companies in the Republic of Macedonia to improve their performance in terms of incorporating new sources of innovation by focusing on the positive experience of the developed countries where innovation in life insurance is generally accepted
Keywords: innovation; life insurance; global insurance market; technology; internet; mobile; trust; consumers; market; attitudes; purchasing online; agent.
A Practical Approach to Critical Thinking among EFL Learners
by Valeria Thomson, Mercy Rani Yedidi
Abstract: There is no dispute among academicians when it is stated that critical thinking is an important study skill of the 21st century. It goes without saying that critical thinking has been playing a significant role in learning for the last few years but, the pertinent question is Are learners serious and focused in developing the skill during the learning process? At the same time, teachers and lecturers as well are not so successful in developing the skill of analysis and evaluation among learners before they form opinions. We fail to see critical thinking skills among students even at the higher level of education. Bearing in mind these scenarios, this presentation aims to identify the need for integrating critical thinking into English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teaching in the General Foundation Programme (GFP) and to provide an insight for teachers to design and use learning strategies to inculcate the skill of thinking out of the box among learners. The study attempts to explore different strategies which enhance critical thinking among learners.
Keywords: Critical thinking; strategy use; metacognitive skills.
CONCEPTUALISATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION IN TRADE FACILITATION: A THEORETICAL IMPLICATION FOR DEVELOPING ECONOMIES
by Desmond Bugbilla, Hod Anyigba
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to contribute to the on-going discussion on how technological innovation and transfer promote economic growth. The paper focuses on how technological innovation and transfer affect trade facilitation and its prospect for economic growth and revenue mobilisation in developing economies. Literature were reviewed on the concepts technology, innovation and trade facilitation to indicate that organisational or national economic competence are the most important determinants of technological innovation adoption and utilisation. The study concludes that improvement of the concepts of technology, innovation and trade facilitation depend on understanding how the various actors are linked together in technological innovation and trade facilitation.
Keywords: Technology transfer; technological innovation; innovation systems; innovation adoption; technology adoption; economic growth; technology acceptance; innovation; technology; trade facilitation; technological economy.
A Growth Model for Technology Transfer at the License Income Stages
by Kazufumi Yaji
Abstract: This research focuses on Technology Licensing Organization(TLO) income analysis using a technology transfer growth model and a technology transfer strategy based on that analysis. The conclusion shows that TLOs in the preliminary foundation stage of gross license income (other license income plus running royalty income) under $1 million was found to be divided into four stages, and that, when gross license income centers turned into TLOs with more than 1 million dollars, it turns out that the proportion of TLO in stable stage increases as gross license income increases.
Keywords: Technology Licensing Organization (TLO); Growth Model of Technology Transfer; Running Royalty Income; Other License Income; gross license income; foundation stage; development stage; stable stage.
Special Issue on: EURAM 2018 Workplace Innovation Recent Research and Practice and Avenues for the Future
Unleashing Workplace Innovation in Scotland
by Rosemary Exton, Peter Totterdill
Abstract: The devolution of certain powers from the UK to an elected Scottish Parliament has opened a different trajectory for economic development and industrial policy in Scotland. Low productivity is a problem prevalent throughout the UK, but Scotland is unique in addressing it through a portfolio of measures designed to enhance the spread of workplace innovation. This article examines a specific pilot programme which supported workplace innovation in cohorts of companies representing diverse sectors and sizes. It reports a wide range of successful outcomes for the participating companies and their employees, as well as lessons for the design of future programmes.
Keywords: Workplace innovation; organisational performance; quality of working life; well-being at work; public policy; Scotland.
Sociotechnical perspectives on digitalisation and Industry 4.0
by Ralf Kopp, Steven Dhondt, Hartmut Hirsch-Kreinsen, Michael Kohlgrüber, Paul Preenen
Abstract: The sociotechnical systems approach and theory (STS) helps to deal with todays rapid digital transformations in designing best suitable work, organisations and jobs. Not surprisingly, related approaches based on STS assumptions, such as modern sociotechnical thinking (MST) and workplace innovation (WPI) theory, are rapidly developing in Europe. Yet, research and (theoretical) analyses that place STS in todays digital industry challenges and WPI are sparse. The basics of sociotechnical concepts and new research, needs and perspectives for further development of STS in todays context need to be explored. Therefore, against the background of empirical experiences in logistics and process industry and in context of Industry 4.0, this article discusses firstly the model of classical STS approach and the skill orientated work design. Secondly, MST and its derived concept of WPI is positioned. Furthermore, a complementary practice theory perspective is introduced, illustrated by an example design project. Finally, some future recommendations for research are made.
Keywords: digitalisation; Industry 4.0; workplace innovation; WPI; sociotechnical system approach; STS; skill-orientated work design; practice theory; material/skills/meaning.
Innovation adoption of employees in logistics: individual and organisational factors related to the actual use of innovation
by Katarina Putnik, Peter R.A. Oeij, Steven Dhondt, Wouter Van Der Torre, Ernest M.M. De Vroome
Abstract: To remain economically viable organisations need to innovate. This survey study examined the role of employee perception of innovation (visibility of results, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and subjective norm), as well as organisational (workplace innovation), and individual characteristics factors (innovative behaviour, risk taking behaviour) in relation to the actual use of innovation by employees (innovation adoption). Managers of 110 Dutch organisations from transport and logistics evaluated the behaviour of their employees. Multiple regressions (path analysis) showed direct relations between workplace innovation, ease of use of innovation and perceived usefulness of innovation on the one hand and innovation adoption on the other. Innovative behaviour has an indirect relation with innovation adoption, via perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness of innovation. The practical implication is that management needs to ensure employee engagement in the process of renewal, if innovation is to be adopted by employees.
Keywords: innovation adoption; logistics; transport; workplace innovation.
Workplace Innovation: A Review and Potential Future Avenues
by Diana Rus, Peter Oeij, Frank Pot, Peter Totterdill
Abstract: In this article, we present an overview of European workplace innovation policy, theory, research and practice. In our review, we will first highlight the ways in which different policy, theory, empirical, and practical approaches to workplace innovation diverge and converge. Second, we will outline some potential future avenues for the field of workplace innovation to move towards greater convergence in terms of policy, theory, research and practice. We will insist specifically on showing how a closer integration between policy, research and practice could address some of the major barriers to workplace innovation adoption in national, regional and EU policy as well as in organizations.
Keywords: Workplace innovation; organizational performance; quality of working life; well-being at work.
The human factor in innovation: implications for policies and practices
by Valentina Patrini, Stavroula Demetriades
Abstract: This article analyses innovation support measures that aim towards or have the potential of strengthening companies structural (HR and work organisation-specific) or cultural characteristics, employee involvement, performance and well-being in the workplace innovation context. It examines how non-technological aspects of innovation are addressed in policy making, particularly through the provision of innovation support. The article combines an analysis of evaluation evidence of innovation policy measures in ten European countries with an examination of the contribution certain workplace practices have on innovation, based on quantitative analysis (European Company Survey 2013). A key finding of this work is that policy support measures at national (or regional) level tend to focus on technological innovation but neglect non-technological innovation.
Keywords: public support; human dimension of innovation; HRM; European Company Survey.