Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management

International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management (IJTPM)

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International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management (30 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  •   Free full-text access Open AccessDriving health technologies towards performance: a contextualisation within the hospital setting
    ( Free Full-text Access ) CC-BY-NC-ND
    by Irene Gabutti 
    Abstract: Purpose: Technology plays a crucial role in determining organisational performance and this is true also in hospitals. Nevertheless, there exists a lack of evidence on how well health technologies are expected to perform in specific hospitals, depending on their managerial characteristics. The aim of this work is to shed light on these dynamics and provide a clear picture of the expected effects of health technologies in hospitals. Methodology: Through multiple literature searches, a theoretical framework linking organisational contextual factors, technology implementation and organisational performance is provided and applied to hospitals. Findings: Contextual factors play a key role in determining performance of health technologies. Performance should be interpreted through a balanced array of dimensions and should be understood in a broader system-perspective. Originality: There emerges the need of a full awareness of the effects that hospital contextual factors exert on the use of heath technologies and on their impact on performance.
    Keywords: contextual factors; health technology; performance; hospital; conceptual framework.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJTPM.2021.10043140
  • Factors in Technology Management and its Performance: A Case Study of Indian Open Cast Coal Mining   Order a copy of this article
    by Anand Prasad Sinha, Pradeep Kumar Chatterjee, Shailendra Kumar Singh 
    Abstract: Todays dynamic business requires state-of-the-art technology and its effective management to ensure long-term survival in the face of increasing demand sustainability. The coal mining sector has been the key source of energy catering the energy need for various industries and driving economic growth across the globe. The coal mining sector in India is characterised by multiple inefficiencies, particularly in terms of procurement, utilisation and management of technology. These inefficiencies have not only been making a heavy dent in the companys bottom line but are also responsible for a severe problem to natural and social health. The present study aims at exploring the causes for the low productivity of in the coal mining sector, issues concerning the management of technology, its adoption and implementation and how these factors collectively influence the performance outcomes with special reference to open cast coal mines. For this purpose, we have adopted a case study method. Seven open cast coal mines of Central Coalfields Limited (CIL), one of the worlds largest miners accounting for 80% of the domestic coal output, have been chosen to analyse the different aspects of management of technology. Drawing from previous studies, inputs from professionals and academicians, we developed a conceptual model and validated it with the data collected from these case companies. The findings of the study would contribute to improving productivity and performance. Besides, the study has managerial as well as policy implications concerning the management of technology in the coal mining sector.
    Keywords: Effective Management; Opencast Coal Mining; Technology; HEMM; Productivity.

  • Towards a new model for purchase intention of smartphones: Theoretical extension and analysis   Order a copy of this article
    by Niaz Ahmed Bhutto, Faheem Gul Gilal, Rukhsana Gul Gilal 
    Abstract: Drawing from categorization theory, this study aims to examine the effect of product design dimensions (e.g., affective, cognitive, reflective, and ergonomics) on customers purchase intention of smartphones and to identify which product design dimension is (are) more capable of improving purchase intention. To fill this gap in knowledge, we recruited n = 282 smartphone users based on the convenience sampling technique and the hypotheses were tested through multiple regression analysis in SPSS. 24.0. Our findings show that when four dimensions of product design (i.e., affective, cognitive, ergonomics, and reflective design) were assessed, ergonomics design was found to have the greatest effect on consumer purchase intention, followed by affective and reflective design. Contrary to our expectations, the cognitive product design had a trivial influence on purchase intention. Finally, we briefly discuss the study's implications for theory, practice, and highlighted priorities for future research.
    Keywords: Keywords: Purchase intention; affective design; cognitive design; functional design; reflective design; ergonomics design.

  • A Six Sigma approach to measure Service Quality in key dependencies of a government Ministry   Order a copy of this article
    by TOMAS JOSE FONTALVO HERRERA, Enrique Delahoz-Dominguez, Yulibeth Gonzales 
    Abstract: This research proposes a method for measuring the quality of service to citizens about Complaints, Claims, and Suggestions addressed to the dependencies of a Government Ministry. The proposed method is applied using the information from the Information and Management System for Democratic Governance and the reports generated in the Complaints System of the Ministry of Government in Colombia. This paper proposes an evaluative-quantitative approach, implementing the Six Sigma metrics as elements of measurement and control. The periods between 2017 and 2018 were studied. As a finding, opportunities for improvement were objectively evidenced in the Legal Advisory Office and the Directorate for Democracy and Participation. As a significant contribution, a data-driven approach is delivered to the international academic community to assess the quality of service in public entities that allow evaluating the different departments of a public entity in an objective, replicable and reproducible way.
    Keywords: service quality; six Sigma; management; public sector.

  • A Rothbardian approach for the assignment of property rights on the Antarctic continent   Order a copy of this article
    by José Antonio Peña-Ramos, Dmitri Amirov-Belova 
    Abstract: The Antarctica continent is the only one which has not been officially distributed among States, remaining up till today in a legal frozen situation. Besides, the state-centric International Law and the States interests do not allow to achieve a solution. In this paper, a new overview for the continents future is presented, based on the assignment of private property rights, following, mainly, the anarcho-capitalist Murray Rothbards the Ethics of Liberty.
    Keywords: Antarctica continent; Murray Rothbard; Liberty; Property; Self-ownership; Ethics of Liberty; individual property.

  • The Linkages between ICT Access, E-government and Government Effectiveness and its Effect on Corruption   Order a copy of this article
    by Ibrahim Osman Adam, Muftawu Dzang Alhassan 
    Abstract: There is growing interest in the linkages between Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and corruption generally, especially in the discourse on the role of ICTs in development. However, there is limited and lack of specific empirical evidence on the linkages between ICT access, e-government, and government effectiveness and its implications on corruption. In this paper, we rely on publicly available secondary data for 140 countries to explore these relationships. Using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling and a hypothesized model grounded in the literature, our analysis of the results reveals a significant relationship between 1) ICT access and e-government development, 2) ICT access and government effectiveness, 3) e-government development and government effectiveness, and finally, 4) government effectiveness and corruption. Furthermore, our results support the mediating role of government effectiveness on the ICT access-corruption linkage as well as e-government-corruption linkage. The findings from this study deepen the theoretical discourse on ICT effects on corruption by identifying the role of ICT access on e-government, government effectiveness, and corruption in a country. The study provides some implications for practice and policy.
    Keywords: ICTs; Corruption; e-government; government effectiveness.

  • Impact of environmental cost information on reducing bank risk: An applied Study   Order a copy of this article
    by Salih Ibrahim Younis 
    Abstract: Purpose: This paper aims at explaining how environmental cost information supports the rational decisions related to granting bank credit and following it up to reduce risks. Further, to know the relationship of cause and effect between environmental cost information and the degree of credit risk through a statistical analysis of data in Iraqi banks. Methodology: This paper uses the concepts of cost and managerial accounting concerning environmental costs and the reflection of its information on decisions to grant bank credit and reduce its risks. Furthermore, the researcher has used the descriptive and induction approaches to formulate the theoretical background of this issue by reviewing the related literature. Deductive and analytical approaches were used through empirical testing. Findings: The main findings of this paper are the increase in credit risks due to the inefficiency of credit analysts in diagnosing the weaknesses and threats of the entity requesting credit, especially related to environmental protection. Profit is no longer the only criterion in judging the success of companies but the commitment to laws of environmental protection. It found that Iraqi banks did not adopt the environmental cost information in decisions of granting bank credits to reducing the risks. It is found that the analytical results have demonstrated a statistical significance of the effect of disclosing environmental information to reduce the risk of credit Originality: The finding of this work will have significant implications to urge Iraqi banks to take environmental costs and laws into consideration when providing bank credits, especially those companies that have negative environmental impacts. Research limitations/implications: The research suffers from the study sample size, where it has been designed for only one Iraqi province; however, it has a large number of banks that provide very wide services for various activities, including industrial.
    Keywords: Environmental costs; Bank risks; Bank credit; Environmental protection; Environmental pollution.

  • Coordinated development of industries in the Beijing-Tianjin- Hebei region   Order a copy of this article
    by Weidong Wang, Jiawei Zheng, Rongmian Huo 
    Abstract: Coordinated development of industries is an important part of regional economic sustainability. This article takes the coordinated development of industries in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region of China as a research object. Based on an analysis of the status of industrial development in BTH region, the pattern and trend of the spatial shift of industries, and the difficulties in industrial transformation and upgrading located in this region are revealed referring to indicators such as level of regional relative specialisation and inter-regional specialisation, industrial spatial concentration. Policy recommendations for the coordinated industry development in BTH region are proposed with regard to industrial gradient transfer, optimisation of spatial layout, and regional innovation cooperation.
    Keywords: regional economic sustainability; coordinated industrial development; industrial division of labor; spatial layout; Beijing; Tianjin; and Hebei.

  • Perceived barriers to information and communication technology (ICT) adoption in Ivorian SMEs   Order a copy of this article
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify the barriers to ICT adoption, and to explain their influence in the context of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in C
    Keywords: ICT adoption; SMEs; T-O-E-I-E; Barriers; Côte d’Ivoire.

  • Sustainable Governance: Social Media and Voter Realignment, the Case of Ghana.   Order a copy of this article
    by Adasa Nkrumah Kofi Frimpong, Ping Li, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Millicent Amoah 
    Abstract: The study attempts to show why sustainable governance is desirable governance since it is both created and supported by the idea of Citizen Centrism, which becomes activated by an inevitable "social contagion" via the shared experiences of desperate citizens on the Internet. Such social gatherings can unite people in offering them surprising new personal choices while at the same time benefiting them from the knowledge of the body politic. Through established methodology, this study will show how such a system could work well in third world countries, not only in Western democracies and countries, where technology is quite developed. However, the results suggest that such electronic gatherings (Social Contagion), cum causa, may very well lead to a more educated voter in Sub-Saharan Africa, using 1198 responses from Ghana. The results figured forth from the research suggest that there exists interdependence between sustainable governance, social-media-use, voter realignment, online/offline political participation. The political use of SM and government information affects voter realignment, online and offline political participation. We found a positive association between SM and access to government information.
    Keywords: Sustainable Governance (SG); Social Media (SM); Voter Realignment; Ghana; Simultaneous Equations.

  • Context Matters: A Global Bibliometric Review of Regional Innovation Systems   Order a copy of this article
    by Pedro López-Rubio, Norat Roig-Tierno, Francisco Mas-Verdú 
    Abstract: The concept of the regional innovation system (RIS) has received substantial attention from the scientific community, public administrations, and international organizations. This article presents a systematic quantitative review of RIS research using bibliometric techniques and the Web of Science Core Collection database up to and including the year 2017. Four periods were examined to track the evolution of the RIS concept. The results show that RIS research has grown considerably since 2010, becoming a central research theme in countries focused on a systemic approach toward innovation and in decentralized countries, especially in Western Europe. Innovation, Europe, technology, networks, and firms have been the core themes of RIS research since the concept arose in 1992. Entrepreneurship was the major emerging research theme in the 2010s. Since 2010, other emerging topics have appeared, namely collaboration, organization, triple helix, China, perspective, knowledge bases, and governance. Smart specialization and creation have been major themes since 2015.
    Keywords: Regional innovation systems; entrepreneurship; smart specialization; bibliometrics; Web of Science; VOSviewer; SciMAT.

  • Exploring determinants of consumer purchase intention of halal labeled food: Marketing from the Islamic perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Faheem Gul Gilal, Aamir Ali Gopang, Rukhsana Gul Gilal, Naeem Gul Gilal 
    Abstract: Drawing from self-determination theory and the theory of planned behavior, the present study aims to explore the effect of attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation on purchase intention of halal labeled food. To this end, we recruited N = 309 foreign students studying in China and the proposed relationships were tested using an exploratory factor, analysis, and standard multiple, regression analysis in SPSS 24.0. Results suggest that when attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation were assessed, the subjective norm was found to have the greatest effect on the purchase intention of halal labeled food, followed by extrinsic motivation and attitude. Customers perceived behavioral control, intrinsic motivation, and amotivation had a trivial effect on the purchasing intention of halal labeled food. Finally, the implication for research, policy, and future research avenues are discussed in great detail.
    Keywords: Purchase intention of halal labeled food; self-determination theory; theory of planned behavior; customers’ motivation.

  • Unravelling the fourth industrial revolution: A comparative study of a label   Order a copy of this article
    by Dominique Nijssen, Roger Bemelmans, Harro Van Lente 
    Abstract: It is a commonplace to claim we are on the brink of a new technological revolution; many actors share such expectations and persuasive visions. This paper is concerned with the label of the fourth industrial revolution, a term re-coined in 2016 by Klaus Schwab of the World Economic Forum. We aim to unravel the fourth industrial revolution by connecting such visions to concrete technological developments. First, we identified influential visionary individuals; second, we distilled the most promising technologies from their visions and, third, we traced these technologies back in research, development and innovation agendas of governments. As a fourth step we monitored the evolution of 33 promising technologies for the period 2000-2019 Based on this analysis, we can conclude that the promising technologies being mentioned in the visions of influential individuals, governments and science differ in priority and have a different meaning.
    Keywords: fourth industrial revolution; technology forecasting; emerging technologies; technological futures; innovation.

  • Analysis of the Relationship between Competency-Based Factors of Competitive Advantages: A Case of the Insurance Industry   Order a copy of this article
    by Samad Rahimiaghdam, Reza Babazadeh, Meisam Shamsi 
    Abstract: This research studies the relationship between the sustainable competitive advantage competency-based factors in Iran insurance companies. The first section of this study is descriptive and qualitative, carried out based on documentary studies and the Delphi method. The sampling is done as purposeful, and the snowball method is used for the identification of the specialists. Applying the Delphi method extracts six major factors, including technical knowledge, organizational commitment, flexibility, creativity, job satisfaction, and occupational ethics as the main human resources pivotal factors to achieve competitive advantage in the insurance industry. rnThe relationship and sequence of these factors are determined by fuzzy Interpretive Structural Modeling (FISM). Since the intensity (the impact and influence) between some factors is not clear in FISM and some of them are placed near the border point, so, the fuzzy DEMATEL method is utilized to deal with this shortcoming of FISM. According to the role of intangible strategic resources in creating sustainable competitive advantage, this research can solve the problems of the chief mangers in the expansion of the human resources competencies aligned.
    Keywords: Competency; Delphi method; Resource based view; sustainable competitive advantage; Fuzzy Interpretive Structural Modeling; Fuzzy DEMATEL.

  • Transferring AI Technology in Medical Supply Chain: A Disruptive Approach at Addressing Political, Socioeconomic, and Environmental Dilemma in Developing Economies   Order a copy of this article
    by Anthony Ayakwah, Isaac Sakyi Damoah 
    Abstract: The paper posits that artificial intelligent drone technology could be transferred and adopted to medical supply chain to offer political, socioeconomic and environmental effects in developing economies. There is a knowledge gap in developing countries such as Ghana concerning using drones to solve various problems. Therefore, we address this knowledge gap by conceptualising the study through adoption of innovation and knowledge transfer theories and conducting in-depth semi-structured interviews with an AI drone technology company, government agencies and institutions and health care practitioners. Our evidence shows that despite the developing economy peculiarities, a systematic knowledge transfer process was adopted with the support of enabling factors such as political will, skilled personnel and institutional cooperation. This ensured that there was fluidity in the application of the technology, resulting in socioeconomic, environmental and political benefits.
    Keywords: Artificial intelligence; knowledge transfer; disruptive innovation; medical supply chain; drones; developing economies.

  • Development of models for prediction of water distribution pipeline failures for isolated settlement using artificial neural networks   Order a copy of this article
    by Paul Amaechi Ozor, Solomon Onyekachukwu Onyedeke, Charles Mbohwa 
    Abstract: The development of artificial neural network (ANN) models for the prediction of failure of water pipelines in rural communities is undertaken. The objective is to provide a robust maintenance framework that can improve water distribution and management. The research used analytical procedures to develop the models. This approach was illustrated using a 10-year primary water pipeline failure data taken from a typically isolated settlement: the University of Nigeria Nsukka community. Four ANN models were established; three models were based on specific material type and an all-encompassing combinatorial or global model. Validation of the models on unseen data faired very well based on the performance indices employed for the study. The sensitivity analysis carried out shows that the pipe thickness impacts the model output most, whereas the pipe installation year had the least relative importance in predicting pipeline failures in the studied location. The developed models were used to predict failure parameters in the water distribution system; and to determine the benefit index, which allows the elaboration of a strategy for prescribing realistic maintenance planning and control policies. The study shows that the ANN supported with EPANET software can provide a good means of analyzing pipeline failures and optimizing the maintenance function.
    Keywords: Maintenance policies; water pipeline failure; artificial neural network; sensitivity analysis; benefit index.

  • The Impact of Electronic Medical Record Systems on Hospital Efficiency   Order a copy of this article
    by C. Christopher Lee, Heechang Shin, Caroline Klimm, Christopher Palmero, Stephanie Hughes 
    Abstract: The main objective of this study is to gain insight into whether hospitals across the United States that have implemented electronic medical record (EMR) systems are more efficient than hospitals that have not implemented EMR systems and to examine other factors affecting hospital efficiency. A voluntary survey was distributed to all 6,300 hospitals that American Hospital Association identifies as open and operating hospitals. We used the four inputs including hospital beds, operating expenses, full-time physicians, and full-time registered nurses. We used the four outputs including operating revenue, operating margin, outpatient visits, and inpatient visits. We used location type, teaching hospital status, ownership status and region as control variables. We used data envelopment analysis (DEA) to measure the efficiency of hospitals using electronic medical record systems. We grouped the data into two groups: group one includes hospitals with no EMR implementation while group two includes hospitals with partial or full EMR implementation. The evidence showed that hospitals with larger bed counts, hospitals in metropolitan areas, teaching hospitals, non-governmental institutions, for-profit organizations, and hospitals in the Northeast with partial or full EMR systems are more efficient than the other groups. This research shed a light on how EMR systems impact hospital efficiency and what factors were most likely to determine efficiency.
    Keywords: Electronic Medical Records; Hospital Efficiency; Size; Location; Teaching Status; Ownership Type; Region.

  • The Digitalization Trap of Russian Regions   Order a copy of this article
    by Alexey Molchan, Liudmila Osadchuk, Olga ANICHKINA, Sergey PONOMAREV, Natalia KUZMENKO 
    Abstract: The purpose of the study is to identify the "digitalization trap" of regions as the cause of Russia's digital lag in the global world order. The authors identified the structural components of the digitalization trap of Russian regions: existing digital gaps between regions resulting from different levels of digital infrastructure formation, gaps in the implementation of opportunities for the long-term development of regions using digital technologies, as well as inefficient regional digitalization policy. The authors proposed a methodology for assessing the structural components of the digitalization trap. The calculation of the overall integral indicator of the effectiveness of regional digital development allowed the authors to rank the regions of Russia and propose effective measures to overcome the "digitalization trap". The author's methodology for assessing the "digitalization trap" of regions can be used to improve the state policy of digital development in developing countries.
    Keywords: digitalization; region; digitalization trap; digital gaps; regional policy; Russia.

  • Co-Evolution of an Entrepreneurial Ecosystem and Technology Entrepreneurship in a Transforming Economy   Order a copy of this article
    by Mikhail Nazarov, Nadezhda Butryumova, Sergey Aleksandrovsky, Dmitry Sidorov 
    Abstract: The paper addresses the question of how technological entrepreneurial companies co-evolve with the entrepreneurial ecosystem in the context of transforming economy and emerging of new institutions. Employing a co-evolutionary approach and case study design we have studied 15 technology enterprises established in the Russian region in 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s. As a result, we have found out two types of entrepreneurs: 1. Wild entrepreneurs, more typical for early stages of transition, are independent and relying on informal institutions. 2. Tamed entrepreneurs become more common during the transition progress, prefer clear and developed formal institutional environment. Also we have discovered that the entrepreneurial ecosystem dynamics is a joint outcome of entrepreneurs intentionality, environment, and institutional effects. Premature formalization of institutes in conditions of weak informal institutions may lead to a growing dependence of entrepreneurs and their business on an increasingly rigid environment, and thus to the generation of weaker entrepreneurs.
    Keywords: entrepreneurial ecosystem; technology entrepreneurship; transforming economy; co-evolution; Russia.

  • Simulation of Research & Development collaborations as complex socio-technical systems using a hybrid of Agent-based modeling and System Dynamics   Order a copy of this article
    by Mohammad Mirkazemi Mood, Ali Mohaghar, Yaser Nesari 
    Abstract: Today, organizations collaborate to use more resources and reduce the risk of technological activities. The result of these collaborations is complex systems with socio-technical characteristics that, despite the many benefits, bring new and different problems and challenges for them. The current research intends to study these collaborations not as a static phenomenon but as a dynamic and heterogeneous system with various socio-technical characteristics, contrary to the prevailing practice in research in this field. Therefore, System Dynamics and Agent-based modeling are used to model an R&D collaboration system. Validation tests and comparison of simulation results with the actual behavior of the system show success in recognizing and representing the system under study. Findings show that using a socio-technical perspective and its methods help to capture and structure the complexity and problems of systems and the interrelationships of these problems in a holistic view.
    Keywords: socio-technical approach; Research & Development collaborations ; System Dynamics; Agent-based modeling; Anylogic software; modeling methods; simulation; cooperation; innovation; startups; Applications.

  • The role of government in the innovation ecology of high-tech industries: A case study of Chinas new energy vehicle industry   Order a copy of this article
    by Xuefeng Liu, Wangxing Liu, Yuying Xie, Guowei Lai 
    Abstract: The new energy vehicles (NEVs) are an important direction of technological and industrial development and the new energy vehicle industry (NEVI) is heavily supported by governments around the world. Not only is replacing fossil-fuel-powered vehicles with NEVs an important measure to deal with the energy and environmental challenges in China but the development of the NEVI is also an important strategy to leap forward in the larger automotive industry. Based on the analysis of the development process and industrial policy changes in Chinas NEVI, this paper reveals the evolution of industrial development under the dynamic financial and non-financial policy support. It also identifies the unique role and effective mechanism of the government in the development process of NEVs from technology incubation to large-scale market application. Learning from the governments prior successes and failures in the NEVI innovation ecology, we make recommendations on how the government can better support the development of NEVI.
    Keywords: industrial policy; high-tech industries; innovation ecology; the NEVI.

  • Determinants to the Success of MSMEs in India: Policy vs Technology Perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Vikas Kumar, Pooja Nanda 
    Abstract: Indian MSME sector is extremely diverse in size, variety of products, service areas, and types of technology being used. It supports the industrial development of rural and backward areas, decreasing provincial discrimination and assuring better unbiased delivery of national revenue and capital. This paper explores the various aspects of the development of MSMEs in India from the perspective of technology and policy. Specific roles of the technology along with the domestic and international policies have been analyzed to identify their impact on the development of MSMEs. Internet, E-Commerce, Mobile Communication, Online Payment Systems, Computer Aided Designing and Social Media have been identified as the most important technological determinants to the success of MSMEs. Whereas the impact and provisions of a number of Govt schemes and initiatives have been presented with their role in development of specific categories of MSMEs.
    Keywords: Micro Small and Medium Enterprises; Technology Integration; Govt Policy; Digital India.

Special Issue on: Green Operational Development Policy in Enterprises

  • Big Data Mechanism of Railway Tunnel Base Void and Degradation Damage Based on Discrete Element Method   Order a copy of this article
    by Baojin Ge, Lianjun Wang 
    Abstract: This paper is based on the discrete element method to study the railway tunnel, aiming at the deterioration of the tunnel surrounding rock condition in the study area, insufficient tunnel lining thickness and the influence of the cavity behind the lining on the long-term safety and remaining life of the railway tunnel was studied. The experimental results show that with the increase in the degree of insufficient thickness of the railway tunnel, the safety factor of the full section of the structure is significantly reduced and approximately linear. When conducting research on the mechanism of big data based on the discrete element method, the accuracy rate is more than 20% higher than other research methods. This shows that the big data mechanism research on the vacancy and deterioration of the railway tunnel basement based on the discrete element method can play an important role.
    Keywords: Discrete Element Method;Deterioration of Substrate Shedding;Big Data.

  • Using the system dynamics model on sustainable safety development of civil aviation   Order a copy of this article
    by Fang Chen, Bichen Xu, Danhong Fan 
    Abstract: With the rapid expansion of flight services, civil aviation airports and air traffic controllers have long been operating at full load. The support capability cannot meet the actual development needs, which is placing increasing the pressure on safety considerations. Hence, in-depth studies on the dynamic relationships among support capability, safety and development and the timely adjustment of policies are imperative. A growth and underinvestment model is used to construct a dynamic model of civil aviation sustainable safety development. Through the use of VENSIM software as a modeling tool and Tianjin as an example for simulation, the policy scenario for realizing the sustainable safety development of civil aviation in this region is designed. Based on the simulation results, policy suggestions for the sustainable safety development of this region are proposed. It is also proven that the model can be applied to other fields.
    Keywords: civil aviation; safety; support capability; sustainable development; system dynamics; causal analysis; China; air traffic control; model application; policy simulation.

  • Spatial Coordination Perspective of Regional Sustainable Development: Control of Spatial Difference in Guangdong-Guangxi Economic Zone   Order a copy of this article
    by Haifei Wang 
    Abstract: Reasonable spatial structure can not only promote the efficient use of regional resources, but also effectively avoid the urban diseases such as traffic congestion, housing shortage and resource scarcity, which is the "regulator" and "booster" of regional development. To promote sustainable development, the balance and coordination of regional space has become the core issue of regional policy making, and there is a coexistence of over-exploitation and over-protection in China, the high population density and rapid industrial development in some areas threaten the carrying capacity of resources and environment. The development difference of regional space is the focus of regional economic development research. Using the exploratory spatial data analysis method, this paper analyzes the regional spatial difference of "guangdong-guangxi Economic Zone" . Through the Coefficient of variation, it is found that the more developed regions and the less developed regions have a higher degree of agglomeration, which leads to the tendency of the overall spatial difference to enlarge. From the time cross-section, the "high-one-high" type of cities are mainly Guangzhou, Foshan and Zhongshan, which shows that these regions have a strong economic agglomeration and are closely connected with the surrounding areas, while the "low-one-low" type of cities are mainly Wuzhou, etc. , these cities are relatively undeveloped areas in the guangdong-Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Economic Zone, with less economic connection with the surrounding areas and less significant correlation with other areas. The key to promoting regional spatial coordination and sustainable development is to promote the coordinated development of the guangdong-Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Economic Zone.
    Keywords: spatial coordination; “1+9” spatial pattern; Guangdong-Guangxi economic zone; control of spatial difference.

  • Research on Paths to Emerging Markets through Business Model Innovation - The Case of Taiwan-funded Enterprises Entering China Mainland Market   Order a copy of this article
    by Yaozong Zhu, Hsiu-Hua Hu 
    Abstract: On the basis of literatures on international entry and business models, this study proposes a dynamic model that focuses on the four innovation elements of a business model to investigate how high-tech manufacturers in emerging markets can integrate their business model innovation through the interactive application of business model innovation and alliances. Regarding theoretical development, this study lists external learning and growing strategies above all, such as the external alliance and network as one of the elements of a business model. The accumulation of external resources is what an enterprise requires to determine its business model innovation as it accesses to an emerging market, and thereby forming a trajectory of dyna-mic adjustments, which stresses the change in the elements of a business model and the accumulation of external resources simultaneously. Guided by such trajectory model for dynamic innovation of business model, this study discusses how Company A and Company B innovate their business model innovations in the Mainland China market through a comparative case study approach, and interprets the discrepancy and commonality from the perspective of how their trajectories evolve.
    Keywords: business model; innovation; emerging market; across the Taiwan Straits.

  • Artificial Intelligence Technology in Modern Logistics System   Order a copy of this article
    by Xianying Zhu, Na Liu, Yaoxiong Shi 
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to solve the problems existing in the traditional logistics system, through the combination of artificial intelligence technology and logistics system, how to use artificial intelligence technology to achieve automation in modern logistics system is analyzed and studied in detail. This paper analyzes in detail the current situation of the application of artificial intelligence technology in the modern logistics system, and systematically discusses the feasibility of the realization of automation in the modern logistics system by artificial intelligence technology. The research results show that it is feasible to apply artificial intelligence technology to the automation of modern logistics system, and the combination of artificial intelligence and logistics has become an irreversible development trend. Compared with traditional logistics systems, modern logistics systems using artificial intelligence technology can generally improve work efficiency by 25% and reduce logistics cost by about 31%.
    Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; Logistics System; Automatics Research; Technology Application.

  • Enterprise Green Management on the Optimization of Financial Management System   Order a copy of this article
    by Luxing Liu 
    Abstract: Since the 20th century, with the rapid development of the global economy, the ecological and environmental problems caused by pollution and excessive use of resources have seriously threatened human survival and development. And according to a survey, 80% of ecological and environmental problems come from inappropriate production methods of enterprises. Therefore, researches on the change of production and management methods of enterprises continue to emerge, and green financial management has emerged as the times require. The purpose of this article: To promote the development of green management of enterprises, put forward optimization opinions on the financial management system. Research methods of this article: questionnaire survey, interview, literature research. Research results: Through the questionnaire survey, it is concluded that large, medium and small enterprises are willing to implement green financial management of 93.1%, 83.8% and 84.8%, respectively, compared with the larger companies with a higher degree of willingness. Secondly, this article also focuses on the comparison of the implementation of the company A\'s Oracle-ERP financial management system before and after optimization, and makes in-depth exploration and comparison from the aspects of financial basic management, accounting management and financial capital management. Excellent human resource allocation can not only adapt to the adjustment of financial organization structure, but also prepare for providing efficient and efficient financial services in the future. The conclusion of this article: First, the government\'s supervision methods and efforts should be strengthened. Whether an enterprise implements green financial management or has the desire to implement green financial management depends on the combined effect of internal and external factors. Second, when an enterprise is optimizing its financial system, talent optimization is an essential step. Third, this article uses a comparative analysis method to analyze before and after the optimization of company A\'s ERP financial system project, which summarizes the effectiveness of company A\'s ERP financial system optimization implementation, confirming the need to optimize the ERP financial management system.
    Keywords: Enterprise Operation; Green Finance; ERP Financial System; System Optimization.

  • How Green Operational Policy Affects Corporate Social Responsibility and Enterprise Image? Evidence from South Korean Construction Enterprises   Order a copy of this article
    by Chenglin Qing 
    Abstract: This empirical study focused on the South Korean construction enterprises and emphasized the role of green management and corporate social responsibility. \r\nThe purpose of this study is to verify the influence of green management on South Korean construction enterprise image. Furthermore, the study also verified the mediating effect of corporate social responsibility on the relationship between green management and enterprise image. The results of empirical analysis showed that green management had a positive effect on enterprise image. Corporate social responsibility showed positive mediating role. According to these results, the study discussed the importance roles of green management and corporate social responsibility. Finally, the limitation and the direction of future study were provided.
    Keywords: green management practices; enterprise image; corporate social responsibility; construction enterprises.

  • Research on Model Mechanism of B2B Transaction Based on Delivery Means of BlockChain   Order a copy of this article
    by Kai Zhou, Weibin Zhao, Huiyan Zhou 
    Abstract: The payment mode of B2B e-commerce business model and the disclosure of business customer information bring a lot of security problems. In view of these kinds of problems, consider the information and payment security problems encountered in B2B e-commerce transaction mode. Therefore, it takes advantage of the characteristics of decentralization, time-ordered of data storage, point-to-point distributed computing network, and data encryption is secure and reliable in blockchain technology, from the aspect of network security technology to find the key mechanism to solve the security operation of B2B e-commerce transaction mode.
    Keywords: Blockchain technology; B2B e-commerce business model;information security; payment security.