International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management (31 papers in press)
A Study on the Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention
by Fang Bian, Lin Meng, Sang-Bing Tsai
Abstract: Based on the cognitive theory and theory of planned behavior, this paper analyzes the influence of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention and the effect of entrepreneurial risk perception and entrepreneurial self-efficacy on the undergraduates experiences. The results show that entrepreneurial education can effectively promote the formation of entrepreneurial intention. The three dimensions of entrepreneurship education (i.e., entrepreneurial cognition, entrepreneurial ability, and innovative spirit) have a positive impact on entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurial risk perception and entrepreneurial self-efficacy have an intermediary effect on entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention. The research results reveal the effective boundary of entrepreneurship education, explore and prove the specific mechanism of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention, and help to find effective ways for entrepreneurship education to promote entrepreneurship.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship Education; Entrepreneurial Risk Perception; Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy; Entrepreneurial Intention.
Revisiting the theoretical evolution of Industry 4.0: a thematic analysis of research focus
by Kübra Şimşek Demirbağ, Nihan Yıldırım
Abstract: Industry 4.0 (I40), which has been mentioned frequently in recent years, is a collective concept used to express that the developing industry is now in its fourth phase. Enterprises, industries, and even governments are developing strategies and building technology roadmaps for I40. Also, it has occupied a prominent place in the literature, but the comprehensive and systematic studies related to the position of I40 are very limited. Therefore, we aim to investigate the I40 literature and to carry out thematic analysis to reveal the research trends and gaps. The study includes 786 articles on the Scopus database. As a result, articles are mostly based on new tools, technologies and the application of them to manufacturing, while the human dimension is ignored. On the contrary, the technical aspect of I40 is ignored while the effect of I40 on human and social dimensions is focused on the studies prepared by Russian academics.
Keywords: I40; Industry 4.0; fourth industrial revolution; literature review; thematic analysis; smart manufacturing; IoT; internet of things; CPPS; cyber physical production systems.
New Business Models with Industrie 4.0 in the German Mittelstand
by Patricia Kraft, Roland Helm, Michael Dowling
Abstract: Medium-sized enterprises called the Mittelstand are an important pillar of the German economy. However, these firms have not been as quick to develop new digital business models that characterise a shift to digital manufacturing, which is called Industrie 4.0 or the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) in Germany. In this paper, we analyse different types of digital business models, including important external drivers (technology, security, and standards) and internal drivers (business processes, organisation forms, inter-firm cooperation, and human resources strategies). We show that the complexity and the chances of success of new business models with Industrie 4.0 increases with the integration of players from the respective ecosystem and a focus on the system rather than the product. To illustrate such business models in detail, we analyse a German Mittelstand manufacturer that is currently implementing Industrie 4.0.
Keywords: Digital Business Models; Digital Manufacturing; Industrie 4.0; Industrial Internet of Things; German Mittelstand; Germany; Technology; Hybrid Products; Case Study.
A group decision-making model for important power user risks based on cloud model and set pair analysis: A case study in China
by Jicheng Liu, Xiaoxu Fu, Fangqiu Xu, Suli Yan
Abstract: The safe and stable operation of important power users plays an important role in the harmonious development of society and economy. Different from previous studies which mostly based on reliability model, a group decision-making model based on cloud model and connection number is proposed in this paper. First, an assessment index system is established including operation safety risk, cooperation credit risk, power regulation risk and operating capacity risk. Then, with the advantage in dealing with qualitative language, cloud model is employed to convert the qualitative concepts into quantitative values, which reduce the fuzziness and randomness. Next, in order to integrate the information among different index, the geometric operator of binary connection number is defined. Finally, the comparison method of connection numbers is put forward to rank the results. The example and sensibility analysis verify the effectiveness and applicability of the model in this paper.
Keywords: Binary connection number; cloud model; important power users; risk assessment; sensitivity analysis.
Then and Now Construction Management Practices in Romania and the Netherlands
by Tudor -. Cristian Petrescu, Hans Voordijk, Ionut -. Ovidiu Toma
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast construction management practices in Romania and the Netherlands by focusing on the institutional context, used building systems, and labor organization from 1945 until nowadays. Social, economic and historical aspects have also been taken into account, in order to provide useful insight on two countries that represent two "worlds" (Western Europe vs. Eastern Europe), with different building philosophies. Data collection and analysis were based on interviews with experts in the field of civil engineering, correlated with various publications from both past and present times. The significance of this study lies in the fact that, although similar studies have been performed before, to the authors knowledge there is little information about construction management in pre-1989 Eastern Bloc. This study compares an Eastern European country (Romania) with data from the construction management in pre-1989 Western European country (the Netherlands).
Keywords: Romania; the Netherlands; Construction Management; Institutional Context; Building Systems; Labor Organization.
Determinants of Technology Adoption in U.S. Oil and Gas Industry
by Ronald Salazar, Rupak Rauniar, Jeffrey Blodgett
Abstract: New technology is vital resource for improving organizational efficiency and effectiveness which can improve long term performance of an organization. Studies point out that the extent of new technology adoption in an organization is a good indicator of both successful implementation of new technology and successful integration of such technology in operations. Introduction and implementation of such new technology in an organization requires proper top management support and resource commitment for resource requirements to adoption effort. An important measure to indicate organizational readiness to adopt new technology is the organizations absorptive capacity. New and innovative technologies are continuously being introduced in O&G industry despite the turbulent economic cycle it had been facing since 2014. Yet this segment of economy has received less attention in scientific management studies. The current study empirically investigates relationship between key variables identified in adoption literatures- ie. absorptive capacity, top management support, resource commitment, and task-technology fit with adoption of new technology in U.S. Oil and Gas (O&G) industry. Discussion of the empirical results, implications, and limitation of this study is also provided.
Keywords: O&G industry; absorptive capacity; task-technology fit; Technology adoption; adoption of new technology.
Technology and Risk Considerations in Shaping Future Drone Legislation
by Stephen Wright, Matthew Studley
Abstract: The global aviation industry has decades-old and highly successful legislation enforcing safety in conventional manned aerospace. This framework has been evolved gradually around a set of mature technologies with particular goals and implementations, and legislators are now struggling to integrate the profoundly different implications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology into this regulatory environment.
This paper seeks to inform future UAV policy by highlighting its technological and distinctiveness from conventional aviation and making recommendations for future legislation, based on these observations.
Keywords: UAV; Drone; Legislation; Regulation.
Impact of International Trade on Cross-Border E-Commerce Development: An Empirical Study Based on the Evidence from Ningbo City in China
by Haidong Zhong, Shaozhong Zhang, Wenlan Song, Zuopeng (Justin) Zhang
Abstract: In recent years, the rapid growth of Chinas cross-border e-commerce has become a new bright spot to drive its growth of international trade. Prior studies focus on the role of cross-border e-commerce in promoting international trade; however, very few empirical studies have explored the promoting effect of international trade on cross-border e-commerce. In this article, we summarize the interactive development mechanism between cross-border e-commerce and international trade and then propose a model to capture the impact of international trade on cross-border e-commerce development. Based on three dimensionsinstitutional innovation, service system construction, and carrier and platform construction, the model indicates that international trade provides the institutional guarantee, industrial base, and information support for developing cross-border e-commerce. Then, we collect the cross-border e-commerce and international trade data from Ningbo city in China between January 2016 and December 2018 to quantitatively investigate the interaction between them with the vector auto regression (VAR) model. The results from time series stability check, VAR check, impulse response analysis, Granger Causality Test, and OLS analysis show that the established VAR model can explain the positive effect of international trade on cross-border e-commerce development. Our research findings help both government and enterprises to develop high-performance cross-border e-commerce.
Keywords: cross-border e-commerce; international trade; VAR model; Ningbo; regional development.
The Influence of Stakeholders-Based Management over Innovation: A Study in Brazilian Organizations
by Fernanda Rosalina Da Silva Meireles, Raíssa De Azevedo Barbosa, João Maurício Gama Boaventura
Abstract: Despite the importance of innovation as a source of economic growth, there are gaps concerning its development conditions. Focusing on this, we empirically test the relationship between innovation and stakeholder-based management. Using stakeholder theory, managing for stakeholders, and innovation literature to examine the question: if it is whether managing for stakeholders is positively related to the development of innovations. We examine 412 observations of Brazilian companies between 2008 and 2013 and use a longitudinal logistic model. Our results show that managing for stakeholders is positively related to the development of innovations, and this relationship is more robust if equality is considered when attending to stakeholder interests. More than 55% of the variance in the data derives from the differences between panel datasets. Therefore, our results suggest companies more concerned with stakeholders-based management have a higher probability of presenting innovation.
Keywords: Stakeholders-based management; stakeholder theory; stakeholder interests; equality; innovation; development of innovations; innovation literature; Brazilian companies; longitudinal logistic model; empirical study.
CRITICAL FACTORS OF INNOVATION IN BRAZILIAN FIRMS
by Joao Carvalho, Maria Madeira
Abstract: Companies operate in an increasingly volatile and competitive environment. Surviving and achieving some success has become the focus of managers of any type of business, be it small, medium or large. Innovation is now considered one of the factors capable of leading companies to obtain a sustainable competitive advantage. However, in the universe of micro and small Brazilian companies, the word innovation is perceived as something difficult to achieve. This work aimed to investigate the critical success factors for the innovation model, including six explanatory variables: a) awareness of the enterprise for innovation; b) innovation strategy and policy; c) innovation implementation in the enterprise; d) capital (financial) investment for innovation; e) human resources for innovation; e) capacity building for innovation in the enterprise. The results show that awareness is the main element capable of promoting innovation.
Keywords: innovation; awareness; human resource; implementation; strategy and policy; investment; capacity building.
Organising Strategy Decisions for Complex Product System Innovation, Influencing Factors, and their Impact on Learning
by Jong-Seok Kim
Abstract: This comparative case study tried to examine the thread of organising strategy decisions, influential factors and their decisional impacts on learning in complex product system (CoPS) innovation. It found that each system integration firms organising strategy decisions aim to leverage their core competencies to facilitate learning, while each firms different strategic priorities can influence different organising strategy decisions for CoPS innovation. In terms of the decisional impacts on learning, the selection of employees relevant to the task of CoPS innovation make them to quickly engage in learning at the initial stage of innovation, while higher strategic priorities can motivate employees to facilitate learning. It captures that the lower degree of change in organizational arrangement through the decisions of an organising strategy relatively facilitate learning at the search and selection stage of CoPS innovation. However, top management support for higher strategic priority can facilitate learning at the initial stage.
Keywords: complex product system innovation; organising strategy decision; core competencies; strategic priority; decisional impact; architectural learning.
The dance of politics and international finance: Exploring determinants of foreign direct investment
by Faheem Gul Gilal, Amjad Ali Memon, Asad Ali Memon, Naeem Gul Gilal
Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the structural relationship between macroeconomic indicators (e.g., political stability, economic uncertainty, and financial inclusion) on foreign direct investment (FDI), and to explore which macroeconomic indicator is more capable of increasing FDI. To this end, the panel data of the aforementioned variables were obtained from two most rapidly developing countries (e.g., China and Russia) and from one highly developed country (e.g., United Kingdom) for the period from 2004 to 2018. Data diagnostic and auto-regressive distributed lag (ARDL) model was used as a method to test hypothesized relationships among variables. Our results establish that the more politically and economically stable countries receive greater FDI than the less stable countries. Findings further suggest that economic uncertainty and financial inclusion negatively affect FDI. Finally, we discuss the implication for policy in great detail.
Keywords: Auto-regressive distributed lag model; political uncertainty; economic uncertainty; financial inclusion; foreign direct investment.
Dynamic Capability Reconstruction of Digital Transformation for Emerging Market Enterprises: Learning from Chinese Experience
by Fuyin Lan, Lili Hou
Abstract: Digital transformation is a high-level transformation based on digital conversion and digital upgrading, which applies to the company's core business and aims to build a new business model. The main focus of this article is the role that dynamic capability plays in shaping digital transformation. Applying a single longitudinal case study design to a Chinese high-tech manufacturing company, this study reveals the ways in which dynamic capability promotes digital transformation. The result shows that six factors, including environmental perception, determination and courage of leaders, organizational remodeling, dual business controlling, strong executive power, and service upgrading, integrate to support the framework of dynamic capability and to promote digital transformation. This study contributes to the existing literature on both dynamic capability and digital transformation clearly illustrating how a firms digital transformation can be achieved through reconstruction of its dynamic capabilities. The findings also provide some recommendations for management of manufacturing companies in emerging markets to carry out digital transformation more effectively.
Keywords: case study; digital transformation; dynamic capability.
Empowered consumers as data providers in the user-centric personal information ecosystem
by Walter Castelnovo
Abstract: The worldwide adoption of new user-centric data protection legislation (as exemplified by the EUs GDPR) and the emergence of the new user-centric personal information ecosystem are going to radically change the power relationship between consumers and firms that collect and use personal information. In this new scenario, in which the consumers control over personal information is strengthened, firms should revise the interaction strategies which they use with empowered and increasingly privacy-aware consumers in order to obtain (and maintain in time) said consumers explicit consent to the processing of personal information. This conceptual study argues that a strategy which considers consumers as data providers, involves them as coproducers in the value-producing processes that utilize personal information, and empowers them through an iterative, dynamic and dialogic interplay, represents a positive and proactive interaction strategy that firms can implement in the emerging ecosystem.
Keywords: personal information; privacy; coproduction; DART framework; GDPR; consumers’ rights; empowered consumer.
Factors in Technology Management and its Performance: A Case Study of Indian Open Cast Coal Mining
by Anand Prasad Sinha, Pradeep Kumar Chatterjee, Shailendra Kumar Singh
Abstract: Todays dynamic business requires state-of-the-art technology and its effective management to ensure long-term survival in the face of increasing demand sustainability. The coal mining sector has been the key source of energy catering the energy need for various industries and driving economic growth across the globe. The coal mining sector in India is characterised by multiple inefficiencies, particularly in terms of procurement, utilisation and management of technology. These inefficiencies have not only been making a heavy dent in the companys bottom line but are also responsible for a severe problem to natural and social health. The present study aims at exploring the causes for the low productivity of in the coal mining sector, issues concerning the management of technology, its adoption and implementation and how these factors collectively influence the performance outcomes with special reference to open cast coal mines. For this purpose, we have adopted a case study method. Seven open cast coal mines of Central Coalfields Limited (CIL), one of the worlds largest miners accounting for 80% of the domestic coal output, have been chosen to analyse the different aspects of management of technology. Drawing from previous studies, inputs from professionals and academicians, we developed a conceptual model and validated it with the data collected from these case companies. The findings of the study would contribute to improving productivity and performance. Besides, the study has managerial as well as policy implications concerning the management of technology in the coal mining sector.
Keywords: Effective Management; Opencast Coal Mining; Technology; HEMM; Productivity.
Towards a new model for purchase intention of smartphones: Theoretical extension and analysis
by Niaz Ahmed Bhutto, Faheem Gul Gilal, Rukhsana Gul Gilal
Abstract: Drawing from categorization theory, this study aims to examine the effect of product design dimensions (e.g., affective, cognitive, reflective, and ergonomics) on customers purchase intention of smartphones and to identify which product design dimension is (are) more capable of improving purchase intention. To fill this gap in knowledge, we recruited n = 282 smartphone users based on the convenience sampling technique and the hypotheses were tested through multiple regression analysis in SPSS. 24.0. Our findings show that when four dimensions of product design (i.e., affective, cognitive, ergonomics, and reflective design) were assessed, ergonomics design was found to have the greatest effect on consumer purchase intention, followed by affective and reflective design. Contrary to our expectations, the cognitive product design had a trivial influence on purchase intention. Finally, we briefly discuss the study's implications for theory, practice, and highlighted priorities for future research.
Keywords: Keywords: Purchase intention; affective design; cognitive design; functional design; reflective design; ergonomics design.
A Six Sigma approach to measure Service Quality in key dependencies of a government Ministry
by TOMAS JOSE FONTALVO HERRERA, Enrique Delahoz-Dominguez, Yulibeth Gonzales
Abstract: This research proposes a method for measuring the quality of service to citizens about Complaints, Claims, and Suggestions addressed to the dependencies of a Government Ministry. The proposed method is applied using the information from the Information and Management System for Democratic Governance and the reports generated in the Complaints System of the Ministry of Government in Colombia. This paper proposes an evaluative-quantitative approach, implementing the Six Sigma metrics as elements of measurement and control. The periods between 2017 and 2018 were studied. As a finding, opportunities for improvement were objectively evidenced in the Legal Advisory Office and the Directorate for Democracy and Participation. As a significant contribution, a data-driven approach is delivered to the international academic community to assess the quality of service in public entities that allow evaluating the different departments of a public entity in an objective, replicable and reproducible way.
Keywords: service quality; six Sigma; management; public sector.
A Rothbardian approach for the assignment of property rights on the Antarctic continent
by José Antonio Peña-Ramos, Dmitri Amirov-Belova
Abstract: The Antarctica continent is the only one which has not been officially distributed among States, remaining up till today in a legal frozen situation. Besides, the state-centric International Law and the States interests do not allow to achieve a solution. In this paper, a new overview for the continents future is presented, based on the assignment of private property rights, following, mainly, the anarcho-capitalist Murray Rothbards the Ethics of Liberty.
Keywords: Antarctica continent; Murray Rothbard; Liberty; Property; Self-ownership; Ethics of Liberty; individual property.
The Linkages between ICT Access, E-government and Government Effectiveness and its Effect on Corruption
by Ibrahim Osman Adam, Muftawu Dzang Alhassan
Abstract: There is growing interest in the linkages between Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and corruption generally, especially in the discourse on the role of ICTs in development. However, there is limited and lack of specific empirical evidence on the linkages between ICT access, e-government, and government effectiveness and its implications on corruption. In this paper, we rely on publicly available secondary data for 140 countries to explore these relationships. Using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling and a hypothesized model grounded in the literature, our analysis of the results reveals a significant relationship between 1) ICT access and e-government development, 2) ICT access and government effectiveness, 3) e-government development and government effectiveness, and finally, 4) government effectiveness and corruption. Furthermore, our results support the mediating role of government effectiveness on the ICT access-corruption linkage as well as e-government-corruption linkage. The findings from this study deepen the theoretical discourse on ICT effects on corruption by identifying the role of ICT access on e-government, government effectiveness, and corruption in a country. The study provides some implications for practice and policy.
Keywords: ICTs; Corruption; e-government; government effectiveness.
Impact of environmental cost information on reducing bank risk: An applied Study
by Salih Ibrahim Younis
This paper aims at explaining how environmental cost information supports the rational decisions related to granting bank credit and following it up to reduce risks. Further, to know the relationship of cause and effect between environmental cost information and the degree of credit risk through a statistical analysis of data in Iraqi banks.
This paper uses the concepts of cost and managerial accounting concerning environmental costs and the reflection of its information on decisions to grant bank credit and reduce its risks. Furthermore, the researcher has used the descriptive and induction approaches to formulate the theoretical background of this issue by reviewing the related literature. Deductive and analytical approaches were used through empirical testing.
The main findings of this paper are the increase in credit risks due to the inefficiency of credit analysts in diagnosing the weaknesses and threats of the entity requesting credit, especially related to environmental protection. Profit is no longer the only criterion in judging the success of companies but the commitment to laws of environmental protection. It found that Iraqi banks did not adopt the environmental cost information in decisions of granting bank credits to reducing the risks. It is found that the analytical results have demonstrated a statistical significance of the effect of disclosing environmental information to reduce the risk of credit
The finding of this work will have significant implications to urge Iraqi banks to take environmental costs and laws into consideration when providing bank credits, especially those companies that have negative environmental impacts.
The research suffers from the study sample size, where it has been designed for only one Iraqi province; however, it has a large number of banks that provide very wide services for various activities, including industrial.
Keywords: Environmental costs; Bank risks; Bank credit; Environmental protection; Environmental pollution.
Coordinated development of industries in the Beijing-Tianjin- Hebei region
by Weidong Wang, Jiawei Zheng, Rongmian Huo
Abstract: Coordinated development of industries is an important part of regional economic sustainability. This article takes the coordinated development of industries in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region of China as a research object. Based on an analysis of the status of industrial development in BTH region, the pattern and trend of the spatial shift of industries, and the difficulties in industrial transformation and upgrading located in this region are revealed referring to indicators such as level of regional relative specialisation and inter-regional specialisation, industrial spatial concentration. Policy recommendations for the coordinated industry development in BTH region are proposed with regard to industrial gradient transfer, optimisation of spatial layout, and regional innovation cooperation.
Keywords: regional economic sustainability; coordinated industrial development; industrial division of labor; spatial layout; Beijing; Tianjin; and Hebei.
Perceived barriers to information and communication technology (ICT) adoption in Ivorian SMEs
by N'DOLI GUILLAUME ASSIELOU, MARIO BOURGAULT
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify the barriers to ICT adoption, and to explain their influence in the context of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in C
Keywords: ICT adoption; SMEs; T-O-E-I-E; Barriers; Côte d’Ivoire.
Sustainable Governance: Social Media and Voter Realignment, the Case of Ghana.
by Adasa Nkrumah Kofi Frimpong, Ping Li, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Millicent Amoah
Abstract: The study attempts to show why sustainable governance is desirable governance since it is both created and supported by the idea of Citizen Centrism, which becomes activated by an inevitable "social contagion" via the shared experiences of desperate citizens on the Internet. Such social gatherings can unite people in offering them surprising new personal choices while at the same time benefiting them from the knowledge of the body politic. Through established methodology, this study will show how such a system could work well in third world countries, not only in Western democracies and countries, where technology is quite developed. However, the results suggest that such electronic gatherings (Social Contagion), cum causa, may very well lead to a more educated voter in Sub-Saharan Africa, using 1198 responses from Ghana. The results figured forth from the research suggest that there exists interdependence between sustainable governance, social-media-use, voter realignment, online/offline political participation. The political use of SM and government information affects voter realignment, online and offline political participation. We found a positive association between SM and access to government information.
Keywords: Sustainable Governance (SG); Social Media (SM); Voter Realignment; Ghana; Simultaneous Equations.
Context Matters: A Global Bibliometric Review of Regional Innovation Systems
by Pedro López-Rubio, Norat Roig-Tierno, Francisco Mas-Verdú
Abstract: The concept of the regional innovation system (RIS) has received substantial attention from the scientific community, public administrations, and international organizations. This article presents a systematic quantitative review of RIS research using bibliometric techniques and the Web of Science Core Collection database up to and including the year 2017. Four periods were examined to track the evolution of the RIS concept. The results show that RIS research has grown considerably since 2010, becoming a central research theme in countries focused on a systemic approach toward innovation and in decentralized countries, especially in Western Europe. Innovation, Europe, technology, networks, and firms have been the core themes of RIS research since the concept arose in 1992. Entrepreneurship was the major emerging research theme in the 2010s. Since 2010, other emerging topics have appeared, namely collaboration, organization, triple helix, China, perspective, knowledge bases, and governance. Smart specialization and creation have been major themes since 2015.
Keywords: Regional innovation systems; entrepreneurship; smart specialization; bibliometrics; Web of Science; VOSviewer; SciMAT.
Exploring determinants of consumer purchase intention of halal labeled food: Marketing from the Islamic perspective
by Faheem Gul Gilal, Aamir Ali Gopang, Rukhsana Gul Gilal, Naeem Gul Gilal
Abstract: Drawing from self-determination theory and the theory of planned behavior, the present study aims to explore the effect of attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation on purchase intention of halal labeled food. To this end, we recruited N = 309 foreign students studying in China and the proposed relationships were tested using an exploratory factor, analysis, and standard multiple, regression analysis in SPSS 24.0. Results suggest that when attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation were assessed, the subjective norm was found to have the greatest effect on the purchase intention of halal labeled food, followed by extrinsic motivation and attitude. Customers perceived behavioral control, intrinsic motivation, and amotivation had a trivial effect on the purchasing intention of halal labeled food. Finally, the implication for research, policy, and future research avenues are discussed in great detail.
Keywords: Purchase intention of halal labeled food; self-determination theory; theory of planned behavior; customers’ motivation.
Unravelling the fourth industrial revolution: A comparative study of a label
by Dominique Nijssen, Roger Bemelmans, Harro Van Lente
Abstract: It is a commonplace to claim we are on the brink of a new technological revolution; many actors share such expectations and persuasive visions. This paper is concerned with the label of the fourth industrial revolution, a term re-coined in 2016 by Klaus Schwab of the World Economic Forum. We aim to unravel the fourth industrial revolution by connecting such visions to concrete technological developments. First, we identified influential visionary individuals; second, we distilled the most promising technologies from their visions and, third, we traced these technologies back in research, development and innovation agendas of governments. As a fourth step we monitored the evolution of 33 promising technologies for the period 2000-2019 Based on this analysis, we can conclude that the promising technologies being mentioned in the visions of influential individuals, governments and science differ in priority and have a different meaning.
Keywords: fourth industrial revolution; technology forecasting; emerging technologies; technological futures; innovation
Special Issue on: Green Operational Development Policy in Enterprises
Using the system dynamics model on sustainable safety development of civil aviation
by Fang Chen, Bichen Xu, Danhong Fan
Abstract: With the rapid expansion of flight services, civil aviation airports and air traffic controllers have long been operating at full load. The support capability cannot meet the actual development needs, which is placing increasing the pressure on safety considerations. Hence, in-depth studies on the dynamic relationships among support capability, safety and development and the timely adjustment of policies are imperative. A growth and underinvestment model is used to construct a dynamic model of civil aviation sustainable safety development. Through the use of VENSIM software as a modeling tool and Tianjin as an example for simulation, the policy scenario for realizing the sustainable safety development of civil aviation in this region is designed. Based on the simulation results, policy suggestions for the sustainable safety development of this region are proposed. It is also proven that the model can be applied to other fields.
Keywords: civil aviation; safety; support capability; sustainable development; system dynamics; causal analysis; China; air traffic control; model application; policy simulation.
Spatial Coordination Perspective of Regional Sustainable Development: Control of Spatial Difference in Guangdong-Guangxi Economic Zone
by Haifei Wang
Abstract: Reasonable spatial structure can not only promote the efficient use of regional resources, but also effectively avoid the urban diseases such as traffic congestion, housing shortage and resource scarcity, which is the "regulator" and "booster" of regional development. To promote sustainable development, the balance and coordination of regional space has become the core issue of regional policy making, and there is a coexistence of over-exploitation and over-protection in China, the high population density and rapid industrial development in some areas threaten the carrying capacity of resources and environment. The development difference of regional space is the focus of regional economic development research. Using the exploratory spatial data analysis method, this paper analyzes the regional spatial difference of "guangdong-guangxi Economic Zone" . Through the Coefficient of variation, it is found that the more developed regions and the less developed regions have a higher degree of agglomeration, which leads to the tendency of the overall spatial difference to enlarge. From the time cross-section, the "high-one-high" type of cities are mainly Guangzhou, Foshan and Zhongshan, which shows that these regions have a strong economic agglomeration and are closely connected with the surrounding areas, while the "low-one-low" type of cities are mainly Wuzhou, etc. , these cities are relatively undeveloped areas in the guangdong-Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Economic Zone, with less economic connection with the surrounding areas and less significant correlation with other areas. The key to promoting regional spatial coordination and sustainable development is to promote the coordinated development of the guangdong-Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Economic Zone.
Keywords: spatial coordination; “1+9” spatial pattern; Guangdong-Guangxi economic zone; control of spatial difference.
Research on Paths to Emerging Markets through Business Model Innovation - The Case of Taiwan-funded Enterprises Entering China Mainland Market
by Yaozong Zhu, Hsiu-Hua Hu
Abstract: On the basis of literatures on international entry and business models, this study proposes a dynamic model that focuses on the four innovation elements of a business model to investigate how high-tech manufacturers in emerging markets can integrate their business model innovation through the interactive application of business model innovation and alliances. Regarding theoretical development, this study lists external learning and growing strategies above all, such as the external alliance and network as one of the elements of a business model. The accumulation of external resources is what an enterprise requires to determine its business model innovation as it accesses to an emerging market, and thereby forming a trajectory of dyna-mic adjustments, which stresses the change in the elements of a business model and the accumulation of external resources simultaneously. Guided by such trajectory model for dynamic innovation of business model, this study discusses how Company A and Company B innovate their business model innovations in the Mainland China market through a comparative case study approach, and interprets the discrepancy and commonality from the perspective of how their trajectories evolve.
Keywords: business model; innovation; emerging market; across the Taiwan Straits.
Artificial Intelligence Technology in Modern Logistics System
by Xianying Zhu, Na Liu, Yaoxiong Shi
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to solve the problems existing in the traditional logistics system, through the combination of artificial intelligence technology and logistics system, how to use artificial intelligence technology to achieve automation in modern logistics system is analyzed and studied in detail. This paper analyzes in detail the current situation of the application of artificial intelligence technology in the modern logistics system, and systematically discusses the feasibility of the realization of automation in the modern logistics system by artificial intelligence technology. The research results show that it is feasible to apply artificial intelligence technology to the automation of modern logistics system, and the combination of artificial intelligence and logistics has become an irreversible development trend. Compared with traditional logistics systems, modern logistics systems using artificial intelligence technology can generally improve work efficiency by 25% and reduce logistics cost by about 31%.
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; Logistics System; Automatics Research; Technology Application.
Enterprise Green Management on the Optimization of Financial Management System
by Luxing Liu
Abstract: Since the 20th century, with the rapid development of the global economy, the ecological and environmental problems caused by pollution and excessive use of resources have seriously threatened human survival and development. And according to a survey, 80% of ecological and environmental problems come from inappropriate production methods of enterprises. Therefore, researches on the change of production and management methods of enterprises continue to emerge, and green financial management has emerged as the times require. The purpose of this article: To promote the development of green management of enterprises, put forward optimization opinions on the financial management system. Research methods of this article: questionnaire survey, interview, literature research. Research results: Through the questionnaire survey, it is concluded that large, medium and small enterprises are willing to implement green financial management of 93.1%, 83.8% and 84.8%, respectively, compared with the larger companies with a higher degree of willingness. Secondly, this article also focuses on the comparison of the implementation of the company A\'s Oracle-ERP financial management system before and after optimization, and makes in-depth exploration and comparison from the aspects of financial basic management, accounting management and financial capital management. Excellent human resource allocation can not only adapt to the adjustment of financial organization structure, but also prepare for providing efficient and efficient financial services in the future. The conclusion of this article: First, the government\'s supervision methods and efforts should be strengthened. Whether an enterprise implements green financial management or has the desire to implement green financial management depends on the combined effect of internal and external factors. Second, when an enterprise is optimizing its financial system, talent optimization is an essential step. Third, this article uses a comparative analysis method to analyze before and after the optimization of company A\'s ERP financial system project, which summarizes the effectiveness of company A\'s ERP financial system optimization implementation, confirming the need to optimize the ERP financial management system.
Keywords: Enterprise Operation; Green Finance; ERP Financial System; System Optimization.