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International Journal of Society Systems Science (8 papers in press)
Multi-Criteria Supplier Evaluation/ Selection by Considering
Ethical Factors under Uncertainty by Mohammad Azadfallah Abstract: . Keywords: .
A Study on Good Governance in Controlling Corruption in Education Sector in India by Lokinder Tyagi Abstract: Corruption and Poor Governance Practices go hand in hand. The more the loop holes present in government policies, the more flexible and adaptable it becomes for the people to exercise their capacity of power and money in an unauthorized and illegal way leading to the destruction of the main ethics of education by exploiting the general public through encouragement of various malpractices like bribery, nepotism, fraud, favoritism. Ultimately this situation violates the rights of the deserving people as well as affects the society and economy of the country. Therefore, there is an urgent call for enforcement of good governance practices which can curb the corrupt activities in education sector. This study has been conducted with the objective to understand the concepts of Governance & Corruption and also to study the role of Good Governance Practices in controlling corruption in Indian Education System by proposing a tentative model between the two. Keywords: Good Governance Practices; Corruption; Indian Education System; Bribery; Anti-Corruption; Sustainable development; Fraud.
An Empirical Examination of Leadership Styles Impact on Innovative Behavior and Entrepreneurial Orientation in Canadian Firms: A Cross-Cultural Perspective by Raushan Gross, Emilyn Cabanda Abstract: In the small and medium-sized enterprise, cross-cultural, and entrepreneurial leadership research, there has been an assumption that ones leadership style modus operandi is one size fits all. In the current research, Canadian leadership styles and leadership differences between Canadian and North American business entrepreneurial leaders were tested. New empirical results are substantive and add to the cross-culture entrepreneurial theory. There are limited Canadian-based entrepreneurial studies, the expected corollary was that there were no differences between Canadian and American leadership styles; however, the results reported otherwise. Data were obtained from 145 Canadian respondents located in Toronto, Ontario. They were analyzed with hierarchical regression analyses and multivariate analysis of variance testing seven hypotheses. The analyses reported a statistically significant difference in Canadian and North American leadership styles employed in an entrepreneurial context. Keywords: Keywords: cross-culture entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial orientation; innovative behavior; leadership styles; Canadian Business; small and medium-sized enterprise.
Study of passage width considering passing by each other in living space of evacuation center by Yamato Yuya, Shen Zhenjiang, Candra Masrul Ade Abstract: In living room of evacuation centers, there are living spaces and passages. Living space is used for eating and sleep, and passage is common space that many evacuees use every day. Since passages are used for necessary movement in evacuation daily activities, various patterns of passing by each other are considered in passage. In this study, the researchers conducted classification of passage width from the priority level of passing. Then, the passages were organized based on the result of classification. The evacuation center condition related to the result of classification was also shown. This research contributed to identifying area of passage width needed when making evacuation center management plan. In addition, this study calculates the capacity from passage width and points out the restricted daily activities. Furthermore, the researchers considered minimum passage width that will be easy for evacuees to pass in evacuation center. Keywords: easiness of passing; evacuation daily activities; evacuation center capacity; impression evaluation; priority level; type classification.
COMPARISON ON ONLINE SHOPPING APPS: A STUDY CONDUCTED ON SMARTPHONE USERS OF WEST BENGAL by Debarun Chakraborty Abstract: \"I love ordering things online for my purchase because when they arrive its a present to me from me\". This freaky quote is definitely a manifestation of the current shopping behavior which frames around the buzzword \"online shopping\" and \" E-Commerece\". In both marketing quarter of the corporate houses and the academic quarter as well online shopping is getting a momentum at a steady accelerated pace and its well reflected in the shopping habits of the Indian urban folk. The promising growth of online shopping in India is indeed prompting factor to take up the research study where preferred online shopping portals are compared and contrasted on selected parameters to ascertain which of those the most is sought after by the shoppers. The study was conducted in the eastern metropolis like Kolkata as well as in Siliguri, Durgapur and Asansol. The research design was a cross sectional study .The relevant Chi Square method was employed to find out the best shopping site compared to the rest of the sites selected. Keywords: Online shopping; E-Commerce; Shopping apps; Smartphone.
Aboriginal employment opportunities in a low-carbon economy by Dora Marinova, Philip Webster, Angela Rooney, Tony McRae, Kurt Seemann, Ashley Garlett, Paul Fiocco Abstract: This study explores opportunities for Australian Aboriginal youth to participate in a low-carbon economy and avoid further marginalisation. The concepts of low-carbon economy, green jobs and employment for transitioning to sustainability are discussed, followed by the case of a training organisation looking after Aboriginal youth. Outcomes from a survey of 155 graduating students and deliberative workshops with 60 participants conducted in Perth, Western Australia in 2016 are presented. The analysis shows: (1) Aboriginal youth are not clear about the meaning of green jobs but want to learn about them; (2) the low-carbon economy plays a double role in skills development requiring new capacity for opportunities, such as in renewable energy, and strengthening the importance of traditional knowledge and familiarity with the Australian continent, represented through ranger programs, use of native plants and rehabilitation of deteriorated land areas. Barriers to Aboriginal employment in green jobs and ways to overcome them are also discussed. Keywords: Aboriginal; Australia; caring for country; deliberation; education; employment; green jobs; industry; low-carbon; skills; survey; sustainability; Western Australia; workshop; youth.
A review of the role of Institutions in Participatory Forest Management in Tanzania by Anindita Roy Saha, Grace Charles Muangirwa, Nawin Kumar Tiwary Abstract: Tanzania is among the first African countries to formally recognize the role of communities in the governance of forest resources. Some pilot activities were carried out in the early 1990s in the forests of Duru-Haitemba, Migori and Suledo that resulted in the forest policy and legislations to support Participatory Forest Management (PFM), a legal basis for which came from the Forest Act 2002. The local communities are involved in Joint Forest Management (JFM) and Community Based Forest Management (CBFM). JFM is a collaborative management approach whereby the responsibility of forest management and returns from forest products are divided among the forest-dwelling communities and the government bodies. CBFM takes place in village land where villagers enjoy full ownership and take management responsibility of the village forest reserves.
This paper attempts to study and assess the performance of the PFM institutions in Tanzania in terms of its goals of improving the livelihood of local people, improving environmental and forest conditions and improving governance. The term institution implies the set of rights, rules and processes of decision making in governing the use and management of the forests. The study revealed that despite the potential of PFM in improving forest resources and livelihoods of forest communities in Tanzania, there are limitations in the existing practices and institutional arrangements.
Keywords: Participatory Forest Management; Joint Forest Management; Community Based Forest Management; Institutions; Governance.
Malaysian Consumers Preference for Green Packaging by Salini Devi Rajendran, Siti Norida Wahab, Minder Kaur Parthaman Singh Abstract: The awareness of green packaging concept among Malaysians is still very unsatisfactory. Thus, this study investigates the awareness of green packaging among Malaysians and to identify the factors which influence consumers to purchase green packaging products based on the traditional Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). The methodology used to collect the data from 200 Malaysian retail consumers was conducted via face-to-face interview, using a structured questionnaire. A large group of these respondents has little knowledge about green packaging. The results obtained through multiple regression analysis showed that consumers purchase intention was influenced by packaging design. Hence, green packaging knowledge, information and visual elements are the deciding factors in attracting consumers to purchase green packed products. The findings from this study will be useful not only to the companies but also to marketers to identify ways to improve their green packaging so as to attract consumers. Keywords: green packaging; sustainability; theory of planned behaviour; consumers preference.