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International Journal of Society Systems Science (7 papers in press)
The Role of Sustainable Progressive Education in Poverty Reduction in India by Anandita Ahuja Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the urgency of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number 1, i.e. No poverty. The approach used to give poverty reduction techniques is given by underlining the importance of quality education (SDG Goal no. 4) in poverty alleviation in three areas namely, social exclusion, health & hygiene and income growth. The paper uses a theoretical approach to give a hypothesis on changes required in the existing Indian educational system, with focus on inclusion of humanistic education and well-being. The hypothesis stated here is called Sustainable Progressive Education and is supported by ideas on the Capability Development Approach by economist Amartya Sen. There is also a mention of the states of Bihar and Assam in India that put a heavy weight on the worlds population and on poverty. Towards the conclusion, the paper focuses on framework and ideas to implement the discussed improvements in the educational institutions. Keywords: Poverty; Education; Sustainability; Humanism; Capability. DOI: 10.1504/IJSSS.2021.10040030
Special Issue on: Symposium on Rethinking Pollution Environmental Politics, Public Health and Civil Society in Asia and the Pacific Rethinking Pollution A Multidisciplinary Approach
The Importance of Understanding Local Legends to Conserve Wildlife: Freshwater Turtles of the Amazon by Camila Ferrara, Larissa Schneider, Richard Vogt Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to reveal for the first time some of the legends that have been told about turtles from generation to generation in the quilombola communities in the Rio Trombetas. From these simple stories the locals demonstrate their knowledge of the biology of turtles and their supernatural belief in them. These legends represent different aspects of turtle conservation, including the need to limit the poaching of females, sustaining a steady turtle population. Through the perpetration of these legends, the importance to conserve turtles is maintained between the quilombola communities. Keywords: Turtles; Amazon; Trombetas river; Quilombolas; Legends; Podocnemis; Amazonia; culture; conservation; quilombola; Brazil; South America; Tropical Forest; Amazon Forest; chelonian.
Solid waste in remote communities of Papua New Guinea a case study on the Kikori delta region. by Carla Eisemberg, Tito Khatiwada, Helen Truscott, Yolarnie Amepou, Aungas Olewale, Celina Padilha Abstract: The increase in availability of industrialized products in Papua New Guinea (PNG) has exacerbated its waste issues in both remote towns and villages. This study quantified and categorized the waste composition in the Kikori delta (PNG) and assessed the level of local awareness. Waste audits and community awareness surveys were conducted at 11 locations from April to September 2019. The waste distribution pattern observed indicated that locations closer to the local store had the highest amount of non-degradable solid waste. Since most of the organic waste in Kikori is already utilised as compost, the main concern in the region is the non-organic waste such as aluminium and plastic. Disposable containers and packaging were the main sources of solid waste. The Kikori community is aware of the problems associated with waste, but there is a need to improve the level of awareness regarding waste disposal and biodegradable alternatives. Keywords: waste audit; Gulf Province; community awareness; environmental education; waste management; recycling; waste composition.
Environmental monitoring and the geospatial sprawl of historic mining legacies in Australia by Nicholas Metherall, Talei Caucau Abstract: Mining legacies refer to the lasting environmental, social and public health impacts of abandoned, orphan and derelict mine sites. Such impacts often occur in the absence of a responsible party to oversee the closure and rehabilitation of mine sites. Even in cases where there are systems of accountability and regulatory bodies to monitor compliance to environmental standards, incidents and lasting impacts have still occurred. The spatial extent of these lasting legacies of contaminants originating from abandoned mines often overlap with both Indigenous areas and surface-groundwater ecosystems. This study investigates these processes through the case studies of Ranger Uranium Mine in the Northern Territory and Captains Flat (Lake George Mine) in New South Wales. These cases, among others, raise concerns about the number of environmental incidents and the scale of impacts of mining legacies. This paper overlays geospatial layers of mining, Indigenous areas and surface-groundwater data. The collation sheds light on the geospatial sprawl of mining legacies in Australia and latent pathways of contamination through key water bodies including tthe Murray Darling Basin Authority (MDBA) and the Great Artesian Basin (GAB). The study also overlaid this sprawl of mining legacies over additional map layers relating to the Murray Darling River Indigenous Nations (MLDRIN). This paper provides a critical review of the existing research and datasets in this field.
Keywords: Mining legacies; geospatial; Indigenous; abandoned mines; water contamination; environmental monitoring.
Pollution Prevention and Mitigation - All Hands on Deck by Hans Bachor, Larissa Schneider Abstract: Economic and population growth has resulted in a significant environmental pollution issue in the Anthropocene. As the world evolves, new technologies bring more challenges to be faced due to pollution. We discuss different types and forms of pollution in the Anthropocene, resulted as a side effect of many of the technologies which humans have created. The perceived levels of pollution varies across countries and are important predictors of responses towards pollution reduction. Limiting these emissions, including radiation, gases, heavy metals, smoke, dust and CO2 is a complex task that requires a multi-disciplinary approach with the collaboration of a diverse range of experts and the public. Trusted communicators, who can turn specific knowledge into stories, are key to promote pollution control in the Anthropocene. To this end, trust in science is fundamental, as seen during the COVID-19 pandemic. This response model should be carried forward to the larger global pollution problems. Keywords: Pollution; collaboration; multi-disciplinary research; metal; PM2.5; PM10; mining; sewage; kerosene; bushfire.
The Effects of Pollution in Reptiles and Amphibians and Consequent Effect on the Indigenous Asian People. by Richard Vogt Abstract: Some of the things that are inherent in the food chain that are threatening both wildlife and the health of indigenous people in Asia are: diseased or infected animal carcasses discarded in aquatic ecosystems, particularly rivers and lakes, heavy metal particles in air, water and soil, toxic chemicals and mycotoxins in soil and water, concentrations of pesticides and herbicides used indiscriminately and later absorbed by plants and concentrated in the fat of animals that eat these plants contaminating the food and water supplies used by indigenous populations. In this talk I will consider the vulnerability of reptiles and amphibians in Asia and consequently their effect on humans, within the context of pollution using the six categories of concern established by Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation ((Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation-PARC)): habitat loss and degradation, introduced invasive species, environmental pollution, disease and parasitism, unsustainable use, and global climate change. I will contextualize the issue of modern pollution as a threat to reptiles in Asia and its ultimate effect on indigenous people who depend on the consumption of these animals to survive. This multi-scale problem approach will build a deeper understanding of wildlife consumption and extirpation as a threat to indigenous health and nourishment in Asia. Keywords: Sustainable use; turtles; conservation; diseases; habitat loss; China; folk medicine.
Blue Pacific, Polluted Ocean by Margaret Jolly Abstract: In this essay I explore a cruel paradox. Pacific nations are increasingly deploying the language of the Blue Pacific to stress their solidarity and sovereignty, especially in the face of climate change. This evocation of the connecting power of the ocean in regional and global fora engages the visions of scholars of Pacific ancestry starting with Epeli Hau'ofa's revisioning of Oceania as "Our Sea of Islands" in 1993. It has proved a potent discourse, as witnessed in the most recent Pacific Island Forum Leaders' meeting in Tuvalu in 2019. Yet Pacific people are simultaneously grappling with the legacy of colonialism and capitalism which has massively polluted their ocean with plastic, nuclear contamination, and the warming and acidification of the ocean associated with climate change. The global inequalities and divisions created by a colonising capitalism and the burgeoning power and hubris of fossil-fuelled political economies are both cause and consequence of all three. This confluence of pollutants is also a crucial aspect of what Pacific peoples are seeking to redress through political leadership and diplomacy, claims of loss and damage, everyday practices of eschewing plastic and 'cleaning up' and through creative resistance in the arts. Keywords: Pacific; ocean; pollution; plastic; nuclear testing; nuclear contamination; ocean warming; ocean acidification; climate change; sea level rise; Pacific Island Forum; Epeli Hau’ofa,.