Forthcoming articles

International Journal of Sustainable Economy

International Journal of Sustainable Economy (IJSE)

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International Journal of Sustainable Economy (6 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Risk and Profitability of the Slovenian Industries   Order a copy of this article
    by Igor Stubelj, Suzana Laporsek 
    Abstract: The paper aims to measure the relative and the market risk of Slovenian industries and to assess the potential effect of firms projects diversification between industries and within industries. The empirical analysis uses ROE data for all capital firms in Slovenia, aggregated both at the country level and at the industry level, for the 2008 to 2018 period. The empirical findings show big differences and heterogeneity in the median and volatility of the ROE among industries in Slovenia and, interestingly, a negative correlation between risk and return. The latter could be explained by the substantial negative effect of the 2008 crisis on the profitability of the riskiest industries in Slovenia. Moreover, the results suggest a possible diversification effect between industries. In addition, the accounting beta results show that in the majority of studied industries the diversification effect within the industry eliminated most of the specific risk.
    Keywords: ROE; return; risk; accounting-based approach; industries; Slovenia.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSE.2021.10037215
     
  • Lowering wage inequality with the minimum wage increase in Slovenia   Order a copy of this article
    by Suzana Laporsek, Milan Vodopivec, Matija Vodopivec 
    Abstract: The paper analyses the development of wage inequality in Slovenia after a 22.9% increase in the minimum wage in 2010. The analysis is based on individual-level data, covering all workers and firms in Slovenia over the 2005 to 2015 period. The descriptive findings show that with the minimum wage increase wage inequality in Slovenia lowered. The effect was stronger for women, young and less-educated or low-occupations workers, which are characterised to be at most affected by the minimum wage policy. Further, results also show that a decline in wage inequality was higher among workers employed in small and unincorporated firms and those working in market services.
    Keywords: minimum wage; wage inequality; interdecile ratios; Gini coefficient; Slovenia.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSE.2021.10037219
     
  • Corporate Carbon Disclosure, Carbon Performance and Corporate Firm Performance   Order a copy of this article
    by Yasean A. Tahat, Ghassan H. Mardini 
    Abstract: The primary objective of this study is to examine the current state of corporate carbon disclosure (CCD) among a sample of FTSE 350 non-financial firms. It also investigates the effect of CCD on firms’ carbon emission performance and corporate financial performance (CFP). This study adopts a quantitative approach to fulfil its aims. In particular, it quantifies the level of CCD reported by non-financial companies listed in the FTSE 350. A number of regression models are developed to examine relationships that are assumed. The results demonstrate that CCD can significantly enhance a firm’s carbon performance. Further, the findings reveal that CCD can boost firms’ financial performance. The findings provide some policy implications for regulators, preparers, and investors on the usefulness of voluntary disclosure, including carbon information.
    Keywords: corporate carbon disclosure; CCD; carbon performance; corporate firm performance; FTSE; UK.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSE.2021.10037683
     
  • FACTORS INFLUENCING ATTITUDE AND PURCHASE INTENTION: THE PRODUCT OF BIODEGRADABLE DRINKING STRAW IN HO CHI MINH CITY, VIETNAM   Order a copy of this article
    by Hoang Phu Nguyen, Thao Vy Nguyen, Hoai Nam Le 
    Abstract: Environmentally responsible purchasing is an attractive concern across the world. The objective of this study is to analyse an emerging market Vietnam based on consumers attitudes, perceived behavioural control, subjective norm, environmental concern, and health concern, impact their readiness to be eco-friendly; and how they can reflect consumers purchasing intention toward the biodegradable drinking straw. The research used theory of planned behaviour (TPB) as the theoretical framework and used other complementary constructs (environmental concern and health concern) in extending the TPB. A questionnaire survey structuring random samples and the open-ended questions are used to explore any reasons for behaviours of using the biodegradable drinking straw. Data from 330 Vietnamese consumers in Ho Chi Minh City were collected and tested using structural equation modelling (SEM). Findings indicate that perceived behavioural control as well as subjective norm, attitude, and environmental concern influences the purchase intention toward biodegradable drinking straw. In addition, perceived behavioural control has a significant effect rather than other factors. It also finds no impact of health concerns on this purchase intention. The report will be used to establish potential guidance from marketers and researchers.
    Keywords: theory planned behaviour; green product; purchase intention; partial least square; PLS; structural equation modelling; SEM; Vietnam.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSE.2021.10038250
     
  • Does financial inclusion spur growth in BRICS countries Evidence from a Panel Smooth Transition Regression (PSTR) model   Order a copy of this article
    by Tafadzwa Ruzive, Charles Wait, Andrew Phiri 
    Abstract: Environmentally responsible purchasing is an attractive concern across the world. The objective of this study is to analyse an emerging market Vietnam based on consumers attitudes, perceived behavioural control, subjective norm, environmental concern, and health concern, impact their readiness to be eco-friendly; and how they can reflect consumers purchasing intention toward the biodegradable drinking straw. The research used theory of planned behaviour (TPB) as the theoretical framework and used other complementary constructs (environmental concern and health concern) in extending the TPB. A questionnaire survey structuring random samples and the open-ended questions are used to explore any reasons for behaviours of using the biodegradable drinking straw. Data from 330 Vietnamese consumers in Ho Chi Minh City were collected and tested using structural equation modelling (SEM). Findings indicate that perceived behavioural control as well as subjective norm, attitude, and environmental concern influences the purchase intention toward biodegradable drinking straw. In addition, perceived behavioural control has a significant effect rather than other factors. It also finds no impact of health concerns on this purchase intention. The report will be used to establish potential guidance from marketers and researchers.
    Keywords: financial inclusion; economic growth; emerging economies; BRICS; panel smooth transition regression; PSTR; automated teller machines; ATMs.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSE.2021.10038251
     
  • Climate change, Technology and Manufacturing Sector Growth in Oil-Rich Nigeria   Order a copy of this article
    by Victoria Foye, Oluwasegun Olawale Benjamin 
    Abstract: This paper analyses the dynamic relationship between climate change, technology and manufacturing sector growth in Nigeria from 1970 to 2016 using climate augmented Mankiw-Romer-Weil theory within a structural vector autoregressive (SVAR) model. Restrictions are imposed accordingly, and the results reveal that the manufacturing sector growth and technology respond negatively to positive shocks in climate. Also, the variations in manufacturing sector performance and technology are accounted for by technology and climate shocks at 21.97% and 10.11%, respectively. Hence, we conclude that climate change inhibits technology and manufacturing sector growth in Nigeria, and this lowers labour and capital productivity in the real sector, which is consequent on economic growth and sustainable development. Therefore, the Nigerian Government should prevail on the manufacturing firms to prioritise investment that is not responsive to climate change and simultaneously attend to the challenge of technological backwardness by improving research and development in Nigeria.
    Keywords: climate change; dynamic relationship; manufacturing sector growth; technology.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJSE.2021.10038564