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International Journal of Procurement Management

International Journal of Procurement Management (IJPM)

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International Journal of Procurement Management (61 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Multi-item sustainable manufacturing model for cleaner production system under imprecise demand and random defective rate   Order a copy of this article
    by Saif Sami 
    Abstract: The present study revisits the multi-item economic production quantity model by considering that production process is not perfect with the planned backorder. The present study aims to make the production system as a cleaner production system by considering a reworking process for random defective items which is uniformly distributed. In addition to this, to make the production system cleaner, an investment is made to control the production process. Based on the reworking time, two different inventory models are proposed under the effect of uncertainty in demand. Impreciseness in demand is handled by applying fuzzy set theory. Centroid method is applied to defuzzified the objective function. The global optimal solution is derived by using a nonlinear optimisation technique. Numerical analysis with sensitive analysis is provided to illustrate the proposed model. From analysis it is observed that due to increase in investment, 98% reduction in waste management cost and 11% reduction in total cost is observed. Thus, investment in system improvement is helpful to achieve the task of clean production. The study also highlighted the advantage of outsourcing for a cleaner environment. In the end, sensitivity analyses are also carried out, and based on managerial insights are provided.
    Keywords: cleaner production; rework; random defective rate; multi-item; screening process.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2021.10046304
  • Electre or Promethee? Lesson learnt from a case study in supplier selection   Order a copy of this article
    by Elia Oey, Jason Lim 
    Abstract: One of the classic multi criteria decision making (MCDM) applications is supplier selection. To assist decision makers in ensuring the final ranking is robust enough, a robust outranking technique is required. The study looked into a case study in supplier selection analysis, using a first affinity diagram workshop to generate a thorough set of criteria, after which the global weight was computed using an analytical hierarchy procedure. After that, the outranking of four suppliers was calculated and compared using both PROMETHEE II and a modified ELECTRE I. The sensitivity of both techniques was then tested using seven scenarios. Our findings reveal that, while the ranking for the base case is identical for both PROMETHEE and ELECTRE, the latter is less susceptible to weight adjustments.
    Keywords: analytical hierarchical process; AHP; ELECTRE; PROMETHEE; supplier selection; sensitivity analysis; multi criteria decision making; MCDM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10059080
  • Electronic Procurement Practices and Performance: the Role of Institutional Quality   Order a copy of this article
    by Isaac Tetteh Charnor, Evelyn Y. Nyamah, Anokye M. Adam, Edmond Yeboah Nyamah, Evelyn Kukuwa Quartey 
    Abstract: This study examines the effect of electronic procurement practices, institutional quality, and procurement performance of public entities. The positivist paradigm and the explanatory research approach guided the study. Primary data were gathered from public entities through structured questionnaires and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study established that electronic procurement practices positively and significantly enhance procurement performance. Also, the findings revealed a negative and insignificant effect between institutional quality and procurement performance. Lastly, institutional quality positively and significantly moderates the relationship between electronic procurement practices and procurement performance. The study recommends strong systems and control mechanisms to ensure compliance with the electronic procurement process to help prevent procurement irregularities and enhance procurement transparency, efficiency and effectiveness.
    Keywords: electronic procurement practices; procurement performance; institutional quality; institutional theory; public procurement.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10059281
  • Application of an Integrated TOPSIS-FTOPSIS Approach in Prioritization of Delay Factors in Construction Projects   Order a copy of this article
    by Shiva Mansoorzadeh, Masoud Rahiminezhad Galankashi 
    Abstract: Although the concept of delay management and related tools and techniques has been vastly investigated in project management, they are less examined with proper multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) tools. In addition, as decision makers prefer to provide their judgements in fuzzy environments, it is recommended to combine MCDM with fuzzy logic. To fill this gap, this research applied probability of occurrence, loss intensity, and probability of control as decision making criteria to rank delay factors of construction projects. A potential list of 15 delay factors was extracted from previous literature. Following, a TOPSIS-fuzzy TOPSIS approach is applied to rank delay factors of construction projects. The results show that delay in following up issues and making correct decisions by the employer, delay in payment of salaries of employees, personnel and subcontractors, and delay in payment of status statement by the employer are the most important causes of delay in construction projects.
    Keywords: construction projects; delay; TOPSIS; fuzzy TOPSIS; multi-criteria decision making; MCDM; fuzzy MCDM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10059427
  • Unveiling the Dynamics of Residential Satisfaction in Surat's Low-Cost Housing Communities   Order a copy of this article
    by Gopal Goswami, Hemantkumar P. Bulsara 
    Abstract: The concept of residential satisfaction is multifaceted and encompasses various aspects contributing to the overall well-being and contentment of individuals residing in low-cost housing. This study aims to investigate the factors influencing residential satisfaction among low-cost housing residents, including dwelling characteristics, support services, accessibility to facilities, and the social environment. The research emphasises the importance of housing features such as adequate living space, structural quality, and amenities, along with integrated support services tailored to the diverse needs of residents. These housing qualities are highlighted as significant findings in the research. Additionally, the study underscores the value of access to essential facilities like public transportation, retail outlets, and educational institutions, as well as the role of the social environment in fostering community engagement, social support, and safety. The findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the factors shaping residential happiness in low-cost housing communities, providing valuable insights for policymakers and housing providers in developing sustainable and inclusive housing solutions.
    Keywords: residential satisfaction; housing characteristics; support services; accessibility; social environment; public low-cost housing; Indian housing schemes; PMAY.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10059701
  • Healthcare supply chains: critical supplies during the pandemic   Order a copy of this article
    by Amelia Carr 
    Abstract: This study seeks to gain an understanding of the effect of COVID-19 pandemic on the healthcare supply chains. The study examines six healthcare systems located in the USA. The relevant literature is reviewed on strategic sourcing, supply management, cost management, and healthcare supply chain preparedness. Comparisons of how COVID-19 pandemic affected the different healthcare systems are presented along with propositions. The study includes interviews with supply management representatives in each of the healthcare systems to shed light on their organisations’ response to the pandemic. This study identifies common and unique aspects of how the pandemic affected the healthcare systems. Strategic sourcing and developing appropriate relationships are identified as important contributors to the success of healthcare systems in obtaining critical supplies. Information technology and flexible cost management are also suggested to be important to the success of the healthcare supply chain during a crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic.
    Keywords: case study; healthcare supply chain; COVID-19 pandemic; critical supplies.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10059885
  • An Empirical Study on the Implementation of Green Supply Chain Management and its Impact on the Sustainability of Organizational Growth   Order a copy of this article
    by Khaja Khan Pathan, Geeta Kesavaraj 
    Abstract: The supply chain has to be managed effectively such that the organisation yields maximum productivity and profitability. Besides the appropriate management of the supply chain, it is also important to maintain environmental sustainability through the implementation of eco-friendly supply chain management techniques. The supply chain management is influenced by not only the organisations and its employees, but also by the dealers, distributors, suppliers and also the consumers. In case the supply chain fails during the process of any stage in between, this might have an impact on the socio-environment, leading to cause an impact on the organisation performance and sustainability. This research is focused on the study of barriers to implement green supply chain management (GSCM) and the effects of implementing GSCM in an organisation.
    Keywords: green supply chain management; GSCM; organisation; business growth; sustainability.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10059949
  • Implementation of vendor managed inventory in hospitals: an empirical investigation   Order a copy of this article
    by Manish Mohan Baral, Subhodeep Mukherjee, Ramji Nagariya, Venkataiah Chittipaka 
    Abstract: The research aims to determine critical success components for implementing the vendor-managed inventory (VMI) and test their influence on the inventory in Indian hospitals. The independent and dependent components of the research are identified from the extensive literature review. The independent variables are top management commitment, supply chain strategy, business process integration, continuous improvement, resource sharing, and information technologies adoption. The dependent variable identified is the adoption of vendor-managed inventory. The study results suggest that the proposed latent variables significantly impact the VMI and significantly contribute to VMIs implementation and sustainability. The study highlights the importance of VMI in Indian hospitals, and therefore, it will help the management focus on the VMI for enhanced operational efficiency. Previous studies have not empirically tested the impact of the suggested practices for VMI in Indian hospitals. The analysis would help evaluate VMI adoption in Indian hospitals.
    Keywords: vendor-managed inventory; VMI; critical success components; hospitals; structural equation modelling; SEM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060083
  • Procurement 4.0: a survey of its principles and technologies in use   Order a copy of this article
    by Robson Elias Bueno, Berislav Andrli?, Rodrigo Franco Gonçalves 
    Abstract: This work addresses the 4.0 evolution and its digital technologies and their impacts on the digital transformation of the business, as well as the digitisation in the procurement area of companies. This paper aims to find the enabling principles and technologies of Industry 4.0 in the procurement area. We present a model of Procurement 4.0 dimensions, theoretically constructed, and we seek to confirm this model through a survey conducted with 177 professionals in the procurement area from various sectors. Through the research, it was also possible to address the aspect of professionals who work with this innovative technological scenario, and some of the technologies of Industry 4.0. The main result could confirm the Procurement 4.0 conceptual model with the dimensions: skills, management, partnerships, processes, systems/technologies, and sustainability, that guide and can supply a better understanding for implementing Industry 4.0 technologies in the procurement area.
    Keywords: Procurement 4.0; Industry 4.0; procurement technologies; procurement evolution; procurement sustainability.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060111
  • Public Procurement Reforms in The United Arab Emirates   Order a copy of this article
    by Karem Aboelazm 
    Abstract: This study deals with several concepts: centralised public procurement, decentralised public procurement, e-public procurement, and sustainable public procurement. It also explains the advantages and disadvantages of centralised and decentralised public procurement, the benefits of e-procurement in the UAE at the central and decentralised level, and its advantages in combating corruption. The study also illustrates the sustainable public procurement framework in the UAE with its three environmental, social, and economic dimensions. The study relied on descriptive and analytical approaches. It reached several results, the most important of which is that the centralised system at the federal level contributes to reducing public spending. The decentralised system contributes to the speed of meeting the needs of local administrations. It also achieved several positive results from applying the centralised and decentralised e-procurement system, which reduces corruption, and public spending on public procurement simplifies procedures and saves time and effort. The study also found that sustainability in public procurement achieves several social, economic, and environmental benefits.
    Keywords: public procurement; sustainable public procurement; e-public procurement; centralisation; decentralisation; UAE.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060187
  • The Influencing Factors of Sustainable Procurement Category Management Process in the MSMEs in the State of Tamil Nadu, India: Using PRISMA and AHP.   Order a copy of this article
    by Sadhik Mohamed Saliah, Santhirasegaran Natrarajan, Lim Kong Teong 
    Abstract: India's strong backbones are micro, small, and medium-scale industries (MSMEs), which contribute significantly to the country's economy and Tamilnadu's industrial growth, a state located in the south part of India. MSMEs create employment opportunities at a high rate and have lower capital costs compared to large-scale industries. However, they still face challenges in adopting new systems and processes in the supply chain. The stakeholders of MSMEs require prioritisation of the possible processes and systems, making them ready for the sustainable acquisition process. A literature review using preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) was conducted to identify the most critical influencing factors for sustainable procurement category management and applied an analytical hierarchical process (AHP) which resulted cost factor weight at 0.60, organisational strategic capability weight at 0.18, stakeholder relationship weight at 0.14 and the least priority of financial capability at 0.09. This study is reached its objective of prioritising the initiatives which support in adopting set of sustainable procurement category management. Additionally, presented important elements intended to evaluate the sustainable procurement category management. These measures are absolutely necessary in order to guarantee that MSMEs will keep providing assistance on both the national and state levels.
    Keywords: procurement category management; sustainable sourcing; PRISMA; analytical hierarchical process; AHP; MSME industries; Tamil Nadu; cost; stakeholder relationship.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060308
  • Facilities management service requirements for social housing in the semi-arid climate of Nigeria   Order a copy of this article
    by Mala Ali Modu, Maimunah Sapri, Zafirah A. Ab Muin 
    Abstract: This paper examines the facilities management service requirements for social housing occupants within the semi-arid climate of Nigeria. Data collection was through self-administered questionnaires sent to 1,032 occupants in five purposely selected social housing estates in Maiduguri, a town in the Semi-arid Climate of Nigeria. The cross-sectional survey achieved a total response rate of 92.5%. The statistical model employed in analysing data was Pearson’s chi-square test and relative importance indices using Stata v. 13.0. The findings indicated the most required facilities management services in social housing within the semi-arid climate are maintenance of infrastructural facilities, building structures maintenance, wind-breaking and landscaping services, alteration and improvements maintenance services, provision of housekeeping services and adequate water, electricity supply and green space services in order of importance. The study, therefore, underscores the need for adequate funding and a well-designed FM strategy to guide toward service delivery under the agreed service level.
    Keywords: facilities management; facilities management services; FM services,;facilities management service requirements; FM service requirements; social housing; semi-arid climate; Maiduguri; Nigeria.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060358
  • Retrospective Analysis of International Journal of Procurement Management (2007-2021)   Order a copy of this article
    by Santosh Baheti, Amalanathan S, Sriram M 
    Abstract: International Journal of Procurement Management (IJPM) is a journal of international repute that publishes original and peer-reviewed research in the business, management, and accounting domain. The journal reached its 15th year of publishing in 2021. This study provides a comprehensive overview of 456 publications using the bibliometric data analysis technique. The study focuses on the contribution of IJPM to the knowledge domain through publishing trends, authorship patterns, dominant authors, prominent articles, nature of studies, and thematic analysis. Co-occurrence of all keywords, co-authorship, citation and co-citation analysis of authors, countries, and institutions is performed through VOS Viewer software. The findings of the study emphasise the relationship of IJPM to different fields. The analysis also provides key insights into the evolution of the domain over time.
    Keywords: bibliometrics; Scopus; inventory management; VOS viewer.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060411
  • The Assessment of Filed Bankruptcy of a Retail Giant Store   Order a copy of this article
    by Reena Agrawal, Rohit Raj, Ajay Jha, Vimal Kumar 
    Abstract: This study explored the financial indicators that were left unchecked and uncontrolled by Stage Store, Inc. from 2014 until 2019. An exploratory study was done using the secondary data collected from Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) website. An in-depth analysis was done to assess the profitability, liquidity, operational efficiency, and solvency of the organisation during the said period. This study identified a total of nine alarming signs that were neglected or missed by the company and thus proved to be fatal. In this research, we found that Stage Store's financial performance demonstrated plenty of alarming indicators which were ignored by the company. Right from growth in sales, return on assets, profit margin, cash position, and return on equity remained worrisome while there was an increase in the company's long-term debt obligations. Whether or not the organisation can cope and rebuild in a post-pandemic world, is to be explored.
    Keywords: financial performance; financial analysis; financial distress; financial bankruptcy.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060545
  • The Impact of the enablers of Green Suppliers Selection and Procurement on Supply Chain Performance   Order a copy of this article
    by Xueting Gong, Imran Zaman, Syed Ahsan Zaman, Sherbaz Khan, Sharfuddin Ahmed Khan 
    Abstract: The selection of environmentally-friendly suppliers, a critical aspect of supply chain performance, is vital for businesses striving to retain their competitive edge as they increasingly outsource tasks. With growing public concern for environmental protection in recent decades, strategies focusing on green supplier selection and procurement have gained traction. Although numerous studies discuss green supplier selection based on economic criteria, the field of environmental research remains nascent. This research offers an in-depth analysis of supply chain performance, green supplier selection, and overall procurement strategies from both economic and ecological viewpoints. Through a literature review and the grey DEMATEL method, we pinpoint the key factors influencing procurement, green supplier selection, and supply chain performance. Our literature assessment identifies the main elements that enhance supply chain performance, and these findings are further confirmed by expert input. By addressing gaps in current models of procurement and green supplier selection, this study advances decision-making theory. Our findings reveal that our proposed model, which accounts for the intricacies of supply chain performance and the uncertainties in expert feedback, offers an effective solution to the challenges of procurement and green supplier selection.
    Keywords: procurement; green supplier selection; supply chain performance; grey DEMATEL.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060720
  • Exploring the Antecedents and Implications of Data-Driven Decision-Making in Public Procurement   Order a copy of this article
    by Jan Ole Similä, Deodat Mwesiumo, Marius Langseth, Moutaz Haddara 
    Abstract: This paper explores the relationships among factors linked to data-driven decisions in public procurement and assesses the effects of such decisions on procurement performance. Grounded in existing literature and the strategy-structure-performance paradigm, the study analyses data from 196 public procurement organisations in Norway using structural equation modelling. Results confirm all four proposed hypotheses, emphasising the significant role of digital motivation in setting precise digitalisation objectives in public procurement. Establishing these goals positively impacts organisational structure development, crucial for data-driven decisions, leading to improved performance. This research deepens the understanding of public procurement performance, revealing processes that connect digitalisation motivation to increased efficiency and effectiveness. It offers insights for policymakers and procurement entities on fostering data-driven strategies, aiding in strategic planning and the application of efficient tools for data-driven decision-making, thus ensuring optimised public resource use.
    Keywords: public procurement; data-driven decision-making; structural relationships; structural equation modelling; digital motivation; digitalisation goals; procurement performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060738
  • Factors of Loans' Service Quality Affecting the Satisfaction of Small and Medium Enterprises Customers in Vietnam   Order a copy of this article
    by Kim Quoc Trung NGUYEN  
    Abstract: The study aims to estimate the factors of loan service quality affecting the satisfaction of small and medium enterprises customers in Vietnamese state-owned commercial banks. Utilising a mixed-methods approach comprising qualitative techniques like group discussions, expert interviews, and customer surveys alongside a quantitative method involving the implementation of a multiple linear regression model, the researchers have successfully identified and examined four dimensions of loan service quality tangibles, reliability, assurance, and empathy that exert a positive influence on the satisfaction of SMEs within these banks. Furthermore, the impact of technological innovation on SMEs satisfaction is also noteworthy, as it stands out as a critical driver for enhancing operational efficiency and gaining a competitive edge in facilitating banking transactions.
    Keywords: service quality; loans; satisfaction; small and medium enterprises; state-owned commercial banks; Vietnam.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10060910
  • Impact of E-Procurement Adoption on the Performance of SMEs In Emerging Economy   Order a copy of this article
    by Ayodolapo Oshoma, Ibrahim Raji, Afees Yusuf 
    Abstract: E-procurement is an effective approach to improving firms’ business operations and processes. While to a considerable extent, larger business organisations have embraced the technology, its adoption and impact among small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in developing economies like Nigeria remain unclear. This study investigates the adoption and impact of e-procurement among SMEs in Nigeria, specifically examining e-ordering, e-invoicing, e-sourcing, and e-payment. Using a quantitative research design, data was collected from 150 managers of SMEs, and structural equation modelling (SEM-PLS) was used for data analysis. Results indicate a positive relationship between e-procurement adoption and the business performance of SMEs in terms of procurement operations. The ease of use of e-procurement systems also positively affects SME performance. The adoption of specific e-procurement practices, such as e-ordering, e-invoicing, e-sourcing, and e-payment, is associated with improved SME performance. This study underscores the importance of e-procurement adoption for enhancing SME performance. Findings suggest that managers and stakeholders should consider adopting e-procurement practices to improve their business operations.
    Keywords: e-procurement; e-procurement practices; e-ordering; e-invoicing; e-sourcing; e-payment; SMEs.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10061080
  • Put the blame on me? An empirical study of consumers' assignment of responsibility to a focal firm during a sustainability crisis   Order a copy of this article
    by Arvid Skage, Terje Hjelset, Aksel I. Rokkan 
    Abstract: This research assesses the extent in which consumers hold a focal firm responsible (blame it) for an accident in its production system with severe negative environmental consequences. Using an experimental research design, we examine whether perceived responsibility varies with vertical integration (i.e. own vs. outsourced production), green marketing efforts by the firm, and third-party certification (eco-labelling) of the production. We also test whether firm responsibility (blame, as perceived by consumers) has an effect on consumers' intention to buy the firms' products/services in the future. We find that, compared with own production, outsourcing increases the responsibility (blame) of the focal firm (as perceived by consumers) for the accident in the production system. We also find that third-party certification (eco-labelling) reduces the attributed responsibility of the focal firm. Responsibility attributed to the focal firm (perceived blame) has a significant, negative association with consumers' purchase intentions.
    Keywords: sustainability crisis; responsibility attribution; vertical integration; green marketing; eco-labelling; purchase intention.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10061171
  • Evaluating Procurement Performance: An Integrated Procurement Maturity Model for Assessing Development Effectiveness and Value for Money   Order a copy of this article
    by Bryan Cook, Elizabeth L. Jackson, Paul Alexander 
    Abstract: This paper introduces a novel integrated procurement maturity model (IPMM) designed to evaluate procurement performance in terms of development effectiveness and value for money. The IPMM incorporates a comprehensive set of key performance indicators, encompassing both qualitative and quantitative measures, to provide a holistic assessment of procurement practices. By integrating various dimensions of procurement maturity, such as strategy, processes, systems, and capabilities, the IPMM enables organisations to identify their strengths and areas for improvement. The IPMM was tested on ten international development organisation and two private sector organisations. The results provide comparative analysis of procurement performance and serve as a potent tool for measuring procurement practices and ultimately improving development outcomes while integrating the concept of value for money.
    Keywords: procurement; project management; evaluation; development effectiveness; value for money; VFM; maturity model.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10061209
  • Information Technology and Communication adoption in SMEs in the metal-mechanic sector: Case of Bucaramanga and its Metropolitan Area, Colombia   Order a copy of this article
    by Maria T. Castaneda Galvis, Alba S. Aguilar-Jimenez, Marianella Luzardo-Briceño, Jairo Nunez Rodriguez 
    Abstract: This study aims to conduct descriptive-correlational research on the current state of ICT adoption in SMEs of the metal-mechanic sector in Bucaramanga and its metropolitan area, as well as to identify the aspects with the most significant influence on such adoption. The Annual Manufacturing Survey provided by National Administrative Department of Statistics is used to validate the proposed hypotheses. Statistical methods, such as factor analysis with principal component extraction method, and descriptive measures are applied to determine the data's correlation and verify if the techniques used are suitable, such as the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Statistic and Barlett's sphericity test, among others. The value of the research lies in understanding the use and adoption of ICT in metal-mechanical SMEs in one of the main cities of the Colombian northeast, the epicentre of economic development, where technological and environmental factors were analysed to propose a theoretical model capable of predicting the level of adoption.
    Keywords: information and communication technology; ICT; statistical methods; companies; metallurgy; SMEs; steel industry.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10061251
  • A Classical and Simulated Approach of Cost Optimization in Reverse Logistics Process for E-Commerce Business   Order a copy of this article
    by Ayan Kundu, Monalisa Masanta, Prasun Das, Arijit Bhattacharyya 
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to establish the proper utilisation and allocation of resources in an e-commerce reverse logistics network to minimise the overall cost. This study formulates the reverse logistics network of e-commerce business into a binary integer programming model. It solves a numerical problem by this classical approach to find out the optimal cost through optimal assignment of resources and path allocation for transporting the products. Simulation is performed next to replicate the real-life reverse logistics scenario of e-commerce business. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is carried out to observe the impact of proper utilisation of the resources on reducing the total operation cost significantly. It encourages e-commerce business for optimal allocation of logistics agents and vehicles, and utilisation of the regional hubs and sorting facilities for transporting the returned products. The study also highlights the scope of future research both from theoretical and managerial perspectives.
    Keywords: reverse logistics; e-commerce; parametric optimisation; resource allocation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10061307
  • Sourcing from SMEs for sustainable procurement: a case of the Davao region   Order a copy of this article
    by Carmen Sherellyn L. Biol 
    Abstract: This study explored the practices, challenges, and benefits of sourcing products and services from small and medium enterprises (SMEs) for sustainable procurement in the Davao region. Employing a mixed methods approach, including key informant interviews and surveys with large firms and relevant stakeholders, the research explores their experiences and insights regarding effective engagement in sustainable procurement. The findings highlight the importance of partnerships, relationship building and trust, compliance and regulations, transparency and fairness, capacity building, and government support. Sourcing from SMEs goes beyond optimising the supply chain and brings about numerous advantages encompassing economic growth, social progress, and environmental sustainability. The study provides valuable insights for policymakers, businesses, and community stakeholders in fostering a socially responsible procurement system that supports local SMEs while embracing sustainable practices.
    Keywords: sustainable procurement; sourcing from SMEs; sustainability; supply chain; small and medium enterprises; SMEs.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10061589
  • An impact of purchase decision and brand selection of a car in India-an empirical study   Order a copy of this article
    by Kalai Mani, R. Eswaran 
    Abstract: This article throws light on different factors that influence customers towards the purchase decision made in the purchase of cars. The domestic automobile industry places significant importance on the Indian automobile market as one of its most important subsectors. An automobile, which in the earlier stage was seen as a luxury item for the urban middle class, has now evolved into the most desired form of personal transportation. The class-leading vehicle on the market for commercial vehicles is a four-stroke car that stands out for its good looks, low fuel consumption, and long-lasting quality and its purchase is influenced by a variety of psychological factors such as product design, quality and safety, brand name, specification and personal preference. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used to confirm the factors used in this study were appropriate and reliable for the present context. A collective decision based on personal preference is highly influenced by car purchase decisions.
    Keywords: product; automobile; cars; brand; purchase decision; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10061701
  • Data Procurement: A Conceptual Study from Architecture, Engineering and Construction Project Perspectives   Order a copy of this article
    by Ilsa Kuiper 
    Abstract: Despite on-going technological and digital development, the characterisation of data procurement frameworks remains unclear from architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) project perspectives. To overcome these knowledge gaps, data procurement is characterised through a conceptual study. Contexts, features and relationships are distinguished from a scoping review. The emergent nature and development potential of data procurement are highlighted. Scope ranges from distinguishing data products, services and valuations, through to market establishment and institutional reform. For the commercialisation of AEC project data, the multiplicity, attribution and pricing of data are highlighted for further research. The research is anticipated to appeal to AEC industry researchers and participants, but also those in the data or digital commerce and business domains. For commercial decision makers, the premise exposes opportunities and implications of data. But it further pre-empts when adaptation ceases to be an aspirational option but becomes a competitive necessity or mark of public sector effectiveness.
    Keywords: data procurement; conceptual study; architecture; engineering and construction projects; data product; information goods; scoping review.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10061810
  • Exploring the Impact of Lean, Agile, Resilient, and Green (LARG) Supply Chain Practices on Organizational Performance through Mediating Role of Big Data Analytics   Order a copy of this article
    by Nourhan Saad, Mahmoud Barakat 
    Abstract: This research uses resource-based view and dynamic capabilities view to investigate the impact of lean, agile, resilient, and green supply chain (LARG-SC) practices on organisational performance through big data analytics. An online-based, self-administrative questionnaire was conducted from different companies in Egypt. Quantitative analysis was assessed through covariance based structural equation modelling for 622 responses using AMOS. The findings revealed that big data analytics can significantly mediate the relationship between LARG-SC practices and organisational performance. The findings provide an in-depth empirical illustration on understanding big data analytics and how it addresses the challenges of LARG-SC practices of companies in developing countries. This will help in extending both theoretical lenses resource-based view and dynamic capabilities view, especially that further studies are needed in emerging economies. In addition, the findings of this research will fall in line with Egyptian the strategic objective 2030 to be fully digitalised.
    Keywords: lean practices; agile practices; resilient practices; green practices; organisational performance; big data analytics; BDA.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10061953
  • Do Strategic Management Accounting Techniques Rationalize Waste through Implementing MRP System in the Jordanian Industrial Environment   Order a copy of this article
    by Ashraf Bataineh, Ziyad Shwiyat, Omar Al-Bataineh 
    Abstract: This study aims to examine the mediating role of the Material requirements planning (MRP) system in the relationship between strategic management accounting techniques (SMAT) and waste rationalisation in production processes in the Jordanian industrial environment. A meticulously designed questionnaire is employed to measure the study variables. The questionnaire is disseminated among a purposively selected sample of 250 employees encompassing financial managers, department heads, accountants, and production department personnel affiliated with Jordanian public shareholding industrial companies. A total of 197 completed questionnaires are procured and subjected to rigorous statistical analysis using the (Smart-PLS-4) program. The empirical findings unequivocally demonstrate a significant influence of management accounting techniques (lean production, value engineering, and Kaizen costing) on waste rationalisation in production processes, particularly when MRP systems are effectively employed in the Jordanian industrial environment. Specifically, the Kaizen costing technique exerts the most substantial impact, followed by the Lean Production technique, whereas the value engineering technique exhibits the least pronounced influence. Based on these results, it is strongly recommended that industrial companies prioritise the meticulous documentation of available raw material inventory and associated costs, even within factory warehouses. Such practices play a vital role in achieving cost reduction and effectively mitigating waste in production processes.
    Keywords: strategic management accounting techniques; SMAT; material requirements planning; MRP; waste rationalisation; Jordanian industrial environment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10062060
  • Impact of Strategic Audit on Jordanian Industrial Enterprises' Efficiency   Order a copy of this article
    by Ayman Al-Shanti, Majed Qabajeh, Mohammad Jebreel, Abdul Rahman Al Natour, Mohammad Alnaimat 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of strategic audits on the performance efficiency of Jordanian industrial businesses. Using a descriptive methodology and a random sample of Jordanian firms and audit offices, the study emphasises the critical importance of strategic audits in resolving corporate problems and improving risk management. The research also highlights the link between good strategic audits and information systems. The paper recommends that strategic audits be aligned with corporate objectives, which organisations adapt to changing environments, and that administrative and accounting systems evolve. Improving human resources in internal control departments and employing holistic evaluation approaches, such as the balanced scorecard, are also advocated. Finally, the report stresses how strategic audits can improve the efficiency of Jordanian industrial enterprises by improving risk management and overall operational performance, while aligning procedures with the changing business landscape.
    Keywords: strategic audit; industrial enterprises; performance; efficiency; Jordan.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10062062
  • Factors Affecting the Default Risk of Private Customers at State-Owned Commercial Banks in Vietnam   Order a copy of this article
    by Kim Quoc Trung Nguyen  
    Abstract: The article estimates the influence of factors on the credit default risk of private customers at state-owned commercial banks in Ho Chi Minh City from 2019 to 2022. The article employs a quantitative research method using a binary logistic regression model to analyse the extent of the impact of various factors on the credit default risk probability of individual customers. The research results reveal that the model includes six statistically significant factors that affect the credit default probability of customers: loan term, income diversification, COVID-19, cash flows for repayment and loan purpose. Furthermore, through the Hosmer and Lemeshow test, the author concludes that there is no difference between actual and predicted values in predicting the default risk of private customers.
    Keywords: default risk; private customers; binary logistic; state-owned commercial bank; Vietnam.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10062225
  • Malaysian SME Employees Accelerating into Digital Procurement Usage during COVID-19 Pandemic   Order a copy of this article
    by Kai Kit Soong  
    Abstract: Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic is a wake-up call to businesses who were slow to adopt digital initiatives This paper discusses Malaysian SMEs using digital procurement and the challenges posed by the COVID-19 outbreak to the SMEs This paper examined the way employees behaved in conjunction with the digital procurement environment Henceforth, this paper also examines how the Malaysian government, and the private sector are working together to address the procurement challenges Hence, Malaysia is among the few countries that have introduced digital procurement to improve the economic well-being of local small and medium enterprises (SMEs) that have ventured into the digital economy The benefaction of this study is that the digital economy will help support long-term growth and generate jobs for SMEs in developing countries This paper offers some recommendations to improve the Malaysian procurement system and outline an agenda for future research.
    Keywords: Keywords: Digital Procurement; Digital Economy; and COVID-19.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10062452
  • Circular Economy in Green Public Procurement Procedures: an Intermediation Perspective in the Italian Setting   Order a copy of this article
    by Fausto Cammarano, Emanuele Pizzurno, Andrea Urbinati 
    Abstract: The concept of circular public procurement has been developed as an approach that extends the green public procurement one, recognising the relevance of circular economy-related dimensions in green public procurement procedures, such as resource reuse and efficiency. This notwithstanding, the circular economy criteria are not made completely explicit in the current green public procurement procedures in the Italian setting. To grasp how a more circular economy can be promoted in Italian green public procurement procedures, the case study of Consip, the major centralised purchasing centre for the most relevant public tenders and supplies in Italy, was conducted. Through a content analysis on secondary sources of information and interviews with experts involved in these procedures, the paper highlights the role played by intermediaries to support supplier companies to establish a relationship with major public purchasing centres and to overcome potential barriers when deciding to approach a green public procurement procedure.
    Keywords: circular economy; green public procurement; circular public procurement; sustainability; intermediation; Italian setting; case study.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10062580
  • Investigating Factors of Loyalty Intention among M-Banking Users: An Integrated Model   Order a copy of this article
    by Thuy Dung Pham Thi  
    Abstract: This study seeks to understand the factors that influence the loyalty intentions of mobile banking users. We employ the technology acceptance model (TAM) and security risk trust (SRT) model, using prospect theory as a theoretical framework, enriching it with variables such as perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived risk, security, privacy, and trust. This study surveyed mobile banking users in Vietnam and collected 501 valid questionnaires. The empirical findings indicate that perceived risk has a negative impact on trust, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and loyalty intention. In contrast, both perceived security and privacy have positive effects on trust, perceived usefulness, and perceived ease of use. Moreover, trust, perceived security, perceived usefulness, and perceived ease of use all directly bolster the loyalty intention of users. Finally, perceived security acts as a precursor to perceived risk. The findings offer theoretical and practical insights on how to enhance customers' loyalty intention.
    Keywords: mobile banking; intention; loyalty; technology acceptance model; TAM; prospect theory; security risk trust; SRT.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10062907
  • Behaviour towards Eco-Friendly Shopping Bags, the Roles of Product Attributes, Personal Environmental Consciousness and Supply-Based Factors   Order a copy of this article
    by Minh-Thu T. Nguyen, Huong-Giang Pham, Tuan Anh Truong 
    Abstract: Plastic waste reduction has been widely examined for the last few decades. Long-term solutions should promote the adoption of alternatives to plastic products. This study investigates the roles of product attributes, personal environmental consciousness and retailer-based factors in explaining consumer behaviour towards adopting eco-friendly shopping bags in an emerging market second-order model with the partial least squares structural equation model (PLS-SEM) analysis approach, we found that personal environmental consciousness, supply-based factors and price significantly affect consumers behaviour toward eco-friendly bags directly. The product attributes do not directly affect behaviour but indirectly drive the behaviour of eco-friendly bag usage via attitude towards environmentally friendly shopping bags. Based on these findings, this research provides recommendations for policymakers, shopping bags producers and retailers.
    Keywords: sustainable products; eco-friendly shopping bags; plastic waste reduction; product attributes; Vietnam.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10062921
  • The Role of Ethics in Public Sector Procurement Theoretical Study for Enlightenment Underpinnings of Ethics   Order a copy of this article
    by Karem Aboelazm 
    Abstract: This paper sought to present a concept of ethical behaviours in the field of public service in general and in public procurement in particular, as the issue of ethics is considered one that does not end up being addressed by literature or law. The study also attempted to identify ethical values in public procurement by reviewing the public office's most critical moral values. The descriptive approach was used to review the various definitions of ethics and values of public service. The analytical approach was also used to determine the causes and motives for the moral collapse in public procurement and the causes of deviation in this field. Some mechanisms have been found that can be used to overcome this problem, which is considered a significant challenge to public procurement systems in many countries.
    Keywords: ethics; morals; public office; public procurement.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10062967
  • Purchasing Inventory Models for Deteriorating Items with Price-Growth -Exponential Demand under Inflation - in 4th order equation   Order a copy of this article
    by Sivashankari C.K., Dr. Choudri V. 
    Abstract: In this study, a buying inventory model for degrading products with the price-growth-exponential dependent demand under inflation in 4th-order equations. The literature has a variety of demand models, such as price-dependent, stock-dependent, exponential, quadratic, linear, and constant. However, no research has used the price-growth-exponential dependent demand model. Three models have been created: The first model utilises price-dependent demand with the growth of demand in the fourth-order equation, the second model utilises price-dependent demand, growth of demand, and continuous compound demand in the fourth order equation, and the third model utilises inflation in model 2 with the fourth order equation. In all three models, the price-breakeven point is determined, and the law of demand is varied. Comparative research is performed among price-growth of demand, price-growth-exponential demand, and price-growth-exponential demand under the time value of money. The holding cost is less in model three. For every model, mathematical models are outlined, and pertinent examples are given to clarify the suggested process. Achieving the best order amounts and order intervals in relation to overall cost and profit is the goal here. Sensitivity analyses are included for the three different models. VB 6.0 was used to create the required data.
    Keywords: price-dependent demand; growth of demand; continuous compound demand; optimality; forth order equations; time-value of money.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10062968
  • Decoding Indian Growth: Women Techpreneurs Lead the Way   Order a copy of this article
    by Ramalingam S, Rajendra Gounder 
    Abstract: This study dives into how women entrepreneurs in India is thrive. The study focused on important things like getting money, being creative, spotting opportunities, and overall business growth. Using a simple survey with 496 women entrepreneurs, this study used math to see what factors really matter. Results show that getting money and being creative are key for business ideas and growth. But, getting money does not impact overall business growth much. This study helps us understand what women entrepreneurs need and suggests ways for policymakers to support them. In the future, the study can look more into different industries, study changes over time, and see how policies affect women's businesses.
    Keywords: women entrepreneurship; access to finance; ATF; innovativeness; opportunity recognition; OR; business development.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10062969
  • Behavioral intelligence applied to leadership in supply chains   Order a copy of this article
    by Edson Macedo Carli, Mauro Vivaldini, Victor Silva Correa, Ernesto Michelangelo Giglio 
    Abstract: This article discusses behavioural intelligence (BI) applied to decision-making through a conceptual proposal focused on supply chain (SC) performance indicators. The research uses theory related to organisational behaviour to support the understanding of BI and build the conceptual model focused on SC performance indicators. The article illustrates how BI can be adopted for the training, development, and conditioning of managers to direct their decisions, as well as helping to fill gaps related to the still limited knowledge regarding how BI can influence SC performance indicators. Fewer studies have sought to identify the importance of BI, in generating value in the SC. This work illustrates the application of BI as a professional preparation tool focused on SC performance. Applying BI has a direct and essential relationship with professionals' quality of life.
    Keywords: behavioural intelligence; supply chain; performance indicators; emotional intelligence.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10062973
  • Impact of Support Services and Accessibility on Residential Satisfaction: An Empirical Evidence from Surat City   Order a copy of this article
    by Gopal Goswami, Hemantkumar P. Bulsara 
    Abstract: Society's support services and proximity to services affect residents' home satisfaction. To assess home quality and well-being, satisfaction must be measured. This study examines support services, accessibility, and residential satisfaction using literature and empirical data. A positive correlation was found between residents’ satisfaction with their living environment and the availability of support services, such as healthcare facilities, educational institutions, recreational amenities, and social assistance programs. It is also highlighted that residential satisfaction is affected by accessibility to nearby services, such as grocery stores, public transportation, parks, and community centres. It goes on to identify what the future scope of the study should be, such as the need to conduct studies in diverse cultural contexts, to utilise longitudinal research designs, to explore mediating factors, and to incorporate technological advancements into the study. Policymakers and urban planners may fill these research gaps to improve support services, accessibility, and community diversity.
    Keywords: residential satisfaction; support services; accessibility to nearby services; Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna; PMAY; cross-sectional study.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063072
  • Optimal inventory policy under price and time-dependent demand and partial backlogging supported by preservation strategy   Order a copy of this article
    by Loganayaki S, Kirupa K 
    Abstract: The present study outlines an inventory model for non-instantaneous deteriorating items with an investment in preservation technology. The deterioration rate is modelled using a two-parameter Weibull distribution, and customer demand is dependent on both time and selling price. Accordingly, the demand rate is a multiplication of a power time function and an exponential price function. The inventory system permits partial backlogging of demand. Additionally, the supplier extends a trade credit facility to the retailer for the smooth operation of the business. Three cases are analysed based on the credit facility. The primary objective of the study is to ascertain the maximum profit by identifying the optimal values for preservation technology investment, selling price, positive inventory time, and cycle time. An algorithm for profit maximisation is formulated and validated through numerical examples. Subsequently, a sensitivity analysis is conducted, and the study provides valuable managerial insights derived from the findings.
    Keywords: inventory; non-instantaneous deterioration; Weibull distribution; nonlinear holding cost; power demand pattern; partial backlogging; trade credit; preservation technology investment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063239
  • Comparative Study of South Korea and the U.S.'s Exclusion Mechanisms   Order a copy of this article
    by Jungmin Lee 
    Abstract: Exclusions are important tools that government agencies possess to ensure that they only work with responsible contractors. While the US and South Koreas exclusion systems are sharing the same basic function which is to exclude non responsible contractors from competing in public procurement markets, they have subtle but significant differences in the purposes, officials discretion, scope, and effects and so on. Excluding contractors from competing for US federal procurement contracts is traditionally viewed as a business decision, so the US system is flexible, and its officials have a lot of discretion to determine whether to exclude the misconduct. On the other hand, the purpose of the South Korean system seems to be punishment, and the agencies have little discretion to determine whether to sanction or not. As South Korea's society has advanced enough, it is worth trying to change to a flexible and efficient exclusive system.
    Keywords: debarment; suspension; exclusion; government contract; procurement; South Korea.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063240
  • Last Mile Distribution in Omni-Channel of the Retail Industry: Sustainable and Green Development for Emerging Economies   Order a copy of this article
    by Tuong Anh Nguyen Thi, Minh-Thu T. Nguyen, Huong-Giang Pham, Nguyen Huu That 
    Abstract: As customers increasingly demand seamless shopping, an omni-channel supply chain has become necessary. A systematic literature review shows that the focus of the current distribution literature has evolved to multichannel network. However, recent research contributions only focus on last-mile logistics and last-mile delivery; contributions on last-mile distribution still need to be more systematic. By synthesising 28 articles, this study identifies research opportunities and encourages academics to complement last-mile distribution with empirical studies in omni-channel environments. Research on this issue becomes even more limited, especially in emerging economies. The framework and future research directions assist producers, retailers, and logistics service providers in proposing the last-mile distribution models, decision-making, and strategy development. Through omni-channel, firms will achieve sustainable development while achieving green development depends on the characteristics of the distribution channel, the environmental behaviour of customers, and the business operations.
    Keywords: Last mile distribution; Omni-channel; Supply Chain; Logistics; Last mile delivery; Sustainability.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063241
  • Supply Chain Strategic Shielding: An IPMA Approach to Unveiling the Serial Mediating Effects of Risk Management and Resilience in the Entrepreneurial Orientation-Firm Performance Relationship in Indian Manufacturing SMEs   Order a copy of this article
    by Manigandan R, Naga Venkata Raghuram J, Pulidindi Venugopal 
    Abstract: This study aims to study the impact of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) on firm performance (FP), particularly emphasising the mediating role of supply chain resilience (SCR) and supply chain risk management practices (SCRMP) in SMEs through a metaverse perspective. The study utilises the RBV theory and dynamic capability view theory. The data were collected from owners and managers in Indian manufacturing SMEs. The study utilised a non-probability purposive sampling technique. There are 252 samples for the data analysis process. Descriptive data analysis through SPSS, hypothesis testing through Smart PLS (3.0). Employing an importance-performance map (IPMA) approach, we aim to unravel the sequential mediating mechanisms that link EO to FP through SCRMP and SCR. The findings reveal that EO positively influences SCRMP. Furthermore, SCR emerges as a crucial mediator, sequentially transmitting the positive effects of EO through SCRMP to ultimately impact FP. Eventually, this research will help create practical plans to support SMEs competitiveness and sustainable growth.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurial orientation; firm performance; supply chain risk management practices; supply chain resilience; dynamic capability view.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063404
  • Challenges Facing the Implementation of Electronic Procurement in the Ghanian Construction Industry: the Perspective of Contractors and Consultants   Order a copy of this article
    by Derrick Alfa, DeGraft Owusumanu, Philip Opare 
    Abstract: The construction industry is vital for Ghana's economic development yet faces challenges due to traditional paper-based procurement methods. This study investigates obstacles to electronic procurement adoption in Ghana's construction sector. Using a quantitative approach, data was collected via questionnaires distributed to contractors and consultants in Accra, with 40 respondents providing insights from 70 distributed questionnaires. Analytical tools like RII, Cronbach's alpha, Kendall's coefficient, and factor analysis were employed. Top challenges include infrastructure unavailability, data integrity violation, lack of standardised systems, data loss risk, and fear of system unreliability. Factor analysis condensed 23 factors into technological, compliance, user experience, organisational, resource, and infrastructure challenges. This pioneering research sheds light on Ghana's electronic procurement challenges within its construction industry.
    Keywords: construction; electronic procurement; public procurement; procurement; information technology; challenges; Ghana; projects.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063409
  • Enhancing the professionalisation in public sector procurement workforce for good governance: a comparative study   Order a copy of this article
    by Karem Aboelazm 
    Abstract: This study discussed several concepts represented in the study's conceptual framework, which was based on the ideas of profession, professionalism, and professionalisation. It also addressed the importance of professionalising public procurement jobs and its impact on the performance of public procurement. The study also analysed the most prominent international practices in raising public procurement workers' efficiency and capabilities to bring them to the point of complete professionalism in public purchasing. The study dealt with the experiences of several distinguished countries, such as the American Federal Reserve and New Zealand, and their achievement of advanced successes, in addition to the practical qualification of workers in public procurement and their interest in reaching this profession to professionalism, specialised academic degrees in public procurement were created, and the study relied on two basic approaches in the methods for researching this topic are the descriptive analytical method and the comparative method.
    Keywords: professionalisation; professionalism; capacity; performance; public procurement.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063452
  • Lean Thinking for a Green Tomorrow: Evaluating the Environmental Impact of Lean Manufacturing with a Focus on Innovation Culture in the South Indian Food Processing Industry   Order a copy of this article
    by Manigandan Raman, Geetha Krishnan, Naga Venkata Raghuram J, Pulidindi Venugopal 
    Abstract: This study aims to investigate the impact of lean manufacturing practices (LMP) on environmental performance (EP) in the food processing industry in South India, with the moderating role of innovation culture (IC). This study assesses how lean manufacturing practices implementation, emphasising waste reduction and process optimisation, influences the environmental footprint of food processing operations. The study conceptual model is based on diffusion innovation theory. The data was collected from owners and managers. The data was collected through a structured questionnaire survey of 265 food processing industries located in south India. the descriptive analysis through SPSS and hypothesis testing through SmartPLS. additionally, this study performed process macro analysis and IPMA analysis. The results indicate that lean manufacturing practices positively influence environmental performance. Innovation culture positively moderates the relationship between lean manufacturing practices on environmental performance. Findings aim to provide insights into the interplay between LPM, IC and EP, providing valuable implications for practitioners, policymakers, and academics striving to enhance sustainability practices in the dynamic landscape of South India's food processing industry.
    Keywords: lean manufacturing practices; innovation culture; environmental performance; PLS-SEM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063625
  • Competition, Savings, and Accountability: A Study of Albania's Public Procurement of Services   Order a copy of this article
    by Edlira Martiri, Etion Kapedani 
    Abstract: This study examines the evolution of competition in Albania's public procurement of services sector from 2010 to 2022, utilising quantitative analysis of data from the Public Procurement Agency. Key indicators, such as average bids per tender, funding allocations, contract numbers, disqualified bids, and single vs. multiple bid contracts have been assessed. The research reveals a concerning 45% decline in bid competition over the study period, despite increased funding and contracts, posing challenges to cost-effectiveness. The prevalence of single-bid contracts exacerbates this issue. Importantly, the study highlights a direct link between competition levels and cost savings in services procurement. To enhance transparency and efficiency, future research should investigate the factors contributing to this decline, aiding policymakers in fostering a fair and sustainable procurement ecosystem, promoting economic growth and equity.
    Keywords: public procurement; competition trends; services procurement; Albania; Western Balkans; transparency; integrity; savings; sustainable growth.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063713
  • Procurement and Predictions: Analysing Crude Palm Oil Markets in India using GARCH approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Supriya R, Rajesh Mamilla 
    Abstract: This research investigates volatility and price discovery in India's crude palm oil (CPO) spot and futures markets, using the GARCH (1, 1) model to analyse data from the multi commodity exchange (MCX) from April 2018 to March 2022, a period impacted by COVID-19. The study reveals a strong, long-term interconnection between the spot and futures markets, characterised by error correction mechanisms. A significant finding is the R_FUTURE variable's major influence on market volatility through its impact on conditional variance. These results are vital for stakeholders like market participants, policymakers, and researchers, offering insights into the commodity market dynamics in India during a global crisis, and aiding in informed decision-making and policy development in commodity markets.
    Keywords: volatility transmission; long-term relationship; price discovery; GARCH model; crude palm oil; CPO; spot and futures; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063715
  • Ethics in Outsourcing of Procurement: A Case Study in a Professional Services Firm   Order a copy of this article
    by Marcio Panassol, Gilmar Masiero 
    Abstract: Global economic changes have heightened competitiveness, prompting organisations to prioritise their core competencies while seeking business partners to handle non-core activities. This article presents a case study of a professional services firm that outsourced its procurement function, aiming to assess the need for and implementation of changes in its ethics and compliance program. The case study is organised into three sections: a review of relevant literature on ethics and procurement outsourcing activities, an examination of technical documents from the service firm, and interviews with three executives possessing practical experience in the field. Based on the literature review and empirical field study, it was observed that although there were appropriate changes in the firms governance structure, no substantial modifications were made to the compliance and ethical program. The study underscores the importance of considering compliance and ethical programs when implementing changes, particularly in the context of the firms governance structure.
    Keywords: ethics outsourcing; make or buy; procurement outsourcing; professional services; core competencies; compliance programs; governance structures; supply chain resilience; risk management.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063718
  • Responses to Economic Challenges the preferences and reputation of market players in public procurement   Order a copy of this article
    by Gyöngyi Vörösmarty, Tunde Tatrai 
    Abstract: Market players respond to economic challenges in public procurement in various ways to improve public procurement efficiency. Securing supply to ensure stable operations requires flexibility and openness. The aim of this paper is to compare practices in the period before the coronavirus pandemic, and after the lockdowns, which was associated with economic challenges. By exploring stakeholders' perceptions of conflict, this paper analyses the changes in attitudes of contracting authorities and tenderers in terms of reputation, trust, and communication. The results show more openness to joint problem-solving and informal relations with suppliers, which requires a reassessment of the phenomena of unethical behaviour, information sharing and cooperation in procurement.
    Keywords: public procurement; efficiency; reputation; conflict resolution.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10063845
  • Innovation Resistance in Mobile Payment Adoption Among Micro and Small Enterprises in Blitar Regency, East Java, Indonesia   Order a copy of this article
    by Anna Widayani, Nilawati Fiernaningsih, Pudji Herijanto 
    Abstract: This research aims to explore the phenomenon of innovation resistance to digital payment among micro and small enterprises (MSEs) in Indonesia. Despite the growing popularity of digital payment solutions in the country, many MSEs still exhibit reluctance in adopting these technologies. Thisresearch is a quantitative research with a survey method. The population in this study is the owner of MSE in Blitar City, amounting to 4,793 MSE with a sample of 100 MSE. Data was gathered using questionnaire and analyzed using SEM-PLS software. The results of this study indicate that barriers to use, values, traditions, and images have a positive and significant effect on innovation resistance. Meanwhile, the risk barrier negatively and significantly affects innovation resistance. The innovation resistance variable has a positive and significant effect on behavioral intentions. In addition, behavioral intentions positively and significantly affect the actual use of mobile payments.
    Keywords: Innovation Resistance; SME; Mobile Payment; usage; risk; value.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10064012
  • Analysing the Role of Public Relations in the Corporate Social Responsibility   Order a copy of this article
    by Zainab Sahiba, Sheikh Arafat Hassan 
    Abstract: Corporate social responsibility works to address a range of social issues impacting the communities where the company operates in an effort to better the standard of living there. The evaluation of public relations' contribution to corporate social responsibility is the main objective of this study. To achieve its goals, the research in this study uses quantitative research techniques. The study's target audience consists of public relations specialists. Convenience sampling methods were used to calculate the sample size. As methods for analysing data, SEM, correlation, and regression analysis will all be used. The results support the premise that conservatives and media relations have negative substantial effects on corporate social responsibility whereas communication, issue management, and the ideal role of public relations officers have positive and noteworthy effects.
    Keywords: corporate social responsibility; CSR; leadership; public relations; sustainability.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10064128
  • Dysfunctions in procurement process according to the Lean approach: case study of a university hospital centre   Order a copy of this article
    by Mokhles Sabour 
    Abstract: Purchasing within all organisations is a major issue for their overall performance. This study aims to identify the three families of waste: Muda; Muri; and Mura, through the purchasing process of the University Hospital. Indeed, the results of this study show that the bottlenecks of the purchasing process are a non-performing information and communication system; excessive bureaucracy and control; and a non-standardised functional organisation. These results confirm that the waste concept of lean management is applicable to the public sector, where administrative bureaucracy is the main dysfunction, which has been corroborated by the literature.
    Keywords: lean process; hospital purchasing; public procurement; 3Ms method; waste management; public management; process analysis.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2023.10064239
  • Performance Outcomes of Supplier Development: A Hybrid Approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Dalvi Manojkumar, Vishal Bhosale, Anjali More 
    Abstract: The objective of the study is to investigate and comprehend the interrelationships and dependencies among supplier development performance outcomes (SDPOs) in order to facilitate a systematic execution of supplier performance improvement through supplier development (SD). The combination of two methodologies interpretive structural modelling (ISM) and fuzzy matrice dimpacts crois
    Keywords: fuzzy MICMAC; supplier development; vendor development.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10064423
  • Scheduling of Bus Rapid Transit Station Construction Project Using Dependency Structure Matrix in India   Order a copy of this article
    by Electricwala Fatima, Rakesh Kumar 
    Abstract: The bus rapid transit station is critical in determining public transport efficiency. Uncertainties arise due to the urban arterial road layout setup, which leads to scheduling changes and delays in project completion. The secondary data were collected from two BRT stations, including project completion and cause of delay encountered. Conventional planning practices disregarded iterative and inter-disciplinary activities, leading to suboptimal scheduling, rework, and time overrun. The analytical design planning technique (ADePT) has been introduced as a planning methodology that leverages a dependency structure matrix (DSM). The DSM-based scheduling technique incorporates design activity information, iteration design process, sequential activities, and rework risk into the competing internal and cross-stage activities that give optimised schedule sequences. The developed analytical tool fits shorter schedules, overlapped tasks and validation. This study suggests that identifying overlap activities and rework time can lead to the effective use of resources for the timely completion of station construction.
    Keywords: bus rapid transit; BRT; station; construction; schedule; dependency structure matrix; DSM; overlapping; rework; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10064465
  • Transport and distribution in public primary schools in Kenya: A study evaluating cost, technology, delivery time, and inventory problems in Embu County   Order a copy of this article
    by Victor Omollo, Joseph K. Bengat, Purity Mwirigi 
    Abstract: Transport and distribution are essential elements of service delivery in public primary schools in Kenya. The constructs of transport and distribution determine how efficiently and effectively services are rendered in public institutions. The study provides an optimisation model that considers demand and supply, existing infrastructure, and shared resources regarding products and commodities. Developing and adopting such models is essential for developing economies like Kenya. This study focused on transport and distribution in public primary schools in Kenya. The study sampled 200 public primary schools in Embu County while adopting a semi-structured questionnaire. The study used a multivariate regression analysis model to analyse cost, technology, delivery time, and inventory problems in transport and distribution. The analysis revealed that cost (( = 0.150, p 0.005), technology ( = 0.236, p 0.001), delivery time ( = 0.131, p 0.007), and inventory problems ( = 0.089, p 0.063) significantly affected service delivery.
    Keywords: transport and distribution; service delivery; cost; technology; transportation time; inventory problems; Embu County; Kenya.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10064474
  • Three Decades of Research on Earnings Management - A Bibliometric Literature review   Order a copy of this article
    by Charlotte Haugland Sundkvist, Dag Øivind Madsen, Ziaul Haque Munim, Tonny Stenheim 
    Abstract: This study uses a bibliometric approach to analyse the evolution of research on earnings management, an influential topic in accounting research that emerged during the 1980s. We extracted data from the Scopus and Web of Science databases, covering the period from 1987 to 2021. The extracted bibliography data were analysed using the Biblioshiny tool in RStudio software. We performed two types of analyses: 1) citation-based bibliometric analysis of influential journals, authors, articles, and countries; 2) longitudinal mapping of the evolution of earning management research. Themes related to IFRS, corporate governance, and variations across institutional/regulatory environments are identified through bibliographic coupling. Further, we identify and discuss several directions for future research on earnings management.
    Keywords: earnings management; financial accounting; scientometrics; biblioshiny; literature review.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10064628
  • Enhancing high-tech exports: harnessing logistics efficiency and sustainable development goals through a moderated mediation approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Mahmoud Barakat, Ahmed Ali 
    Abstract: Drawing on transaction cost theory and knowledge-based view, this research aims to investigate the impact of logistics performance on high-tech industries' exports (HTEX) through SDG-9.B. In addition, it tests the moderating effect of SDG-9.5 on the indirect association between logistics performance and HTEX through SDG-9.B. Data were collected from the World Bank, covering 168 countries from 2007 to 2018. Using a mediation and moderated mediation analysis techniques, results revealed that the logistics performance index (LPI) as a proxy of logistics performance could positively affect medium and high-tech industries manufacturing (MHTI) as a proxy for SDG-9.B; MHTI significantly mediates the relationship between LPI and HTEX. Furthermore, research and development as a proxy for SDG-9.5 can significantly moderate the indirect relationship between the LPI and HTEX through MHTI. This research will help extend global supply chain literature, through focusing on LPI and exports while using international data.
    Keywords: logistics performance index; LPI; Sustainable Development Goal 9; medium and high-tech industries; high-tech industry exports; panel data.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10064705
  • Impact Of Procurement Management Practices on The Project Performance: Perspective of Project Management Firms   Order a copy of this article
    by Ruua Al Yazeedi, Asif Rana 
    Abstract: The general purpose of the study is to determine how procurement practices, such as project performance, need assessment, supplier sourcing, and contract management practice, influence the performance of projects in project management organisations. An exploratory research approach used for the study, and a quantitative analysis is done, while the other portion contains the four primary independent variables and one dependent variable. This is a practical sample strategy, and a total of 100 managers, contractors and project management contacted for the same. Data analysis is done using SPSS Version 25, including a reliability check. Empirical data are gathered in this study strategy to test the hypothesis. Additionally, statistical analyses are performed. The researcher assesses the effectiveness of procurement procedures in terms of need assessment, supplier sourcing, and contract management. The efficacy of procurement practices on the execution of the project is a research gap that the study attempts to solve.
    Keywords: procurement practices; project management; project performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10064956
  • Considering Continuous Review Policy in a Two-Echelon Inventory System using a Reinforcement Learning Approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Adele Behzad, Mohammadali Pirayesh, Mohammad Ranjbar 
    Abstract: This research focuses on analysing a two-echelon inventory system comprising a central warehouse and several identical retailers. The system utilises a continuous review policy for replenishment across all facilities. The demand at the retailers follows an independent Poisson process, and the lead times are subject to stochastic variability without a pre-defined probability distribution. Additionally, the lead time for the warehouse, sourced from an external supplier, is assumed to remain constant. Unfulfilled demand is lost at the retailers, while it is backlogged at the warehouse. To optimise the ordering points and predetermined order sizes at all echelons, a reinforcement learning algorithm is developed. The proposed algorithm's effectiveness is evaluated through simulation and comparison with existing literature solutions. Moreover, the algorithm is implemented with both ordering points and order sizes as decision variables, demonstrating the efficacy of the Q-learning algorithm in this context.
    Keywords: multi-echelon inventory system; continuous review; lost sales; reinforcement learning.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJPM.2024.10065268
  • The Crude Challenge: The Influence of Oil Prices on Automobile Industry Dynamics   Order a copy of this article
    by Debanjalee Bose, Sakthi Srinivasan K 
    Abstract: The research examines how crude oil prices affect automotive sector stock prices, using ARMA and GARCH models for detailed study. It finds that companies react differently, underlining the challenges of predicting stock trends amid economic shifts. The study also notes an absence of consistent volatility patterns across companies, indicating diverse volatility behaviours. This research significantly advances our understanding of crude oil's subtle effects on automotive stocks, suggesting further areas for detailed analysis and model improvements. The effect of crude oil prices on the automobile industry's stock volatility over 18 years, using data from Yahoo Finance. The study selects nine key companies from the NIFTY 50 automobile indices for understanding the volatility. Advanced statistical models like ARMA, ARCH, and GARCH are employed to assess the impact of crude oil price fluctuations on stock prices, aiming to explore the patterns, trends, and relationships between crude oil prices and stock performance.
    Keywords: crude oil prices; automobile industry; stock volatility; ARMA; GARCH; econometric models; market dynamics; statistical analysis.

  • From Inactive to Proactive: Examining Social Sustainability Approaches and Relational Dynamics in Procurement from a Social Capital Perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Jad E.L. Bizri, Sven-Anders Stegare 
    Abstract: This study investigates how social sustainable procurement is characterised in terms of relational dynamics and its impact on social sustainability outcomes. Adopting qualitative research with a focus on the social capital lens, 21 semi-structured interviews with 30 respondents were conducted in the Swedish hospitality sector. Our findings point towards four distinct social sustainability approaches: inactive, reactive, active, and proactive. These approaches are influenced by the relational dynamics, encompassing dialogue, goal and cultural value congruence, and frequency of interaction. The study highlights the pivotal role of dialogue as a catalyst for transitioning from an inactive to a proactive approach. This research contributes to the development of a theoretical framework rooted in social capital theory, examining how relational dynamics influence the selection of social sustainability strategies. Furthermore, it provides valuable managerial insights, offering a social sustainability-procurement trajectory model that assists managers in assessing their strategic standing and guides them to specific improvements.
    Keywords: social sustainability; procurement; social capital; relational dynamics; Swedish hospitality.