International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management
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International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management (4 papers in press)
Automation of change propagation analysis using functional analysis and a knowledge perspective by Wang Haoqi, Vincent Thomson, Zhang Xiaoqi Abstract: Managing the change process is a challenge as it impacts the time and cost to develop products. There are several, present methods that predict change propagation using a component view of a product. These methods have limitations when trying to automate them due to the large number of components and their relationships. This paper describes an automated method that determines change propagation by using a functional view of a product that deals with change propagation before product embodiment. The different types of knowledge that realize a function are used to specify the relationships among product functions. This greatly reduces the effort needed to perform change propagation analysis. Knowledge similarity between a changed function and other product functions is used to determine the functions that are possibly impacted by a change and to calculate the probability of change. The method is illustrated using a GE Hydro hydroelectric generator. Keywords: automation of change propagation; product development; design methods; function analysis; knowledge perspective.
Identifying PLM themes and clusters from a decade of research literature by Louis Rivest, Christian Braesch, Felix Nyffenegger, Christophe Danjou, Nicolas Maranzana, Frédéric Segonds Abstract: Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) encompasses a wide array of expertise, from designing green products to knowledge representation techniques. This paper characterizes PLM as a research domain through the themes and clusters of a decade of scientific literature. Authors keywords from 1390 research papers published from 2005 to 2015 are analysed. The co-occurrence of these 2947 normalized authors keywords, connected in pairs via 11289 edges, indicates how PLM research themes relate to each other to form communities or clusters. These communities are revealed by filtering the network according to the weights of the networks edges. The PLM Core cluster, the PLM Global cluster and the PLM Overall cluster are distinguished based on the level of filtering, thus unveiling increasing levels of detail. The four major communities composing the PLM Global cluster are interoperability, ontology, product data management, and lifecycle assessment. The PLM Overall cluster also reveals the intelligent product community, which relates to the Industry 4.0 phenomenon. The BIM community is revealed as well, but remains isolated from the PLM Overall cluster. Keywords: Bibliometric analysis; Scientometry; Product Lifecycle Management; PLM; Review; Mapping study; Research communities; Overview; Literature review; Systematic Literature Review; SLR.
Insights on software selection based on reference models for business processes: an example in Product Lifecycle Management by Eduardo Zancul, Vinícius P. Rodrigues, Henrique Rozenfeld Abstract: Adequate software selection among available alternatives in the market is considered one of the most critical factors for successful software implementation. Identifying the commercial software that could better support a company Keywords: Software selection; Business process management; Business process models; Product Lifecycle Management.
Verification and Validation: A Novel Product Lifecycle Management-based Approach by Aineias Karkasinas, Athanasios Rentizelas Abstract: Purpose: Although Verification and Validation (V&V) are two prevalent processes for the industry, there is still vagueness regarding their implementation. These processes are linked with appraisal costs and can occupy up to 70% of the total design time. This work sets out to provide clarity on the current use of V&V practices across the products lifecycle and propose a novel product lifecycle management-based V&V approach.
Design/methodology/approach: A Systematic Literature Review in the fields of V&V was conducted. From the analysis of the literature, the stages, methods and techniques applied for V&V were studied from the Product Lifecycle Management perspective, leading to 70 distinct V&V methods or techniques that were classified into 20 clusters. The analysis of the clusters provided insights on how V&V can be applied across the product lifecycle.
Findings: The analysis revealed that V&V are not currently addressed as lifecycle processes and that they are largely absent from the post-production phases. Further, this work proposes a novel approach for V&V from the product lifecycle perspective by identifying five additional key pillars to support its implementation.
Originality/value: This paper is the first to map the as is V&V practices across the products lifecycle and provide insight to the engineers and academics on how those processes are currently applied per PLM stage. Moreover, it proposes a Product Lifecycle Management-based approach for V&V to guide how V&V processes can be applied beyond the internal organisational boundaries.
Paper Type: Literature Review
Keywords: Design validation; Process validation; Product verification; Design verification; Product Lifecycle.