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International Journal of Private Law (6 papers in press)
Smart Cities: Technological Opportunities and Legal Challenges in Developing the Internet of Things for Public Goods by Alexandre Pacheco Da Silva, Rodrigo Moura Karolczak Abstract: . Keywords: .
THE HAGUE CONVENTION ON CHOICE OF COURT AGREEMENTS AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF FORUM-SELECTION CLAUSES IN INDIAN PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW by Saloni Khanderia Abstract: The Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements (the HCCA) that came into effect on 1 October 2015, fundamentally regulates forum-selection clauses in international civil and commercial agreements and the manner in which, the courts of Contracting States shall enforce them. Although India is a Member of the Hague Conference, it is yet to sign and ratify the HCCA. In the domestic realm, matters pertaining to jurisdiction are governed in India by the Code of Civil Procedure 1908 (CPC), with there being no particular provision to regulate the enforcement of forum-selection clauses in international matters. This article rummages to find whether Indian courts correspondingly enforce forum-selection clauses in international civil and commercial agreements, so as to suspend or dismiss proceedings in circumstances where the parties have made a choice in favour of an international court. Accordingly, it demonstrates the basis on which, Indian courts would uphold exclusive choice of court agreements in international civil and commercial matters, to draw the complementarities, if any, that exist in this respect, between the HCCA and Indian private international law. Keywords: Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements; Indian private international law; choice of court agreement; exclusive jurisdiction.
International Trade Law and Domestic Policy in Indonesia as Developing Countries a lesson learn from Indonesian Mining Policy by Kristianto Halomoan Abstract: The establishment of the World Trade Organization in 1994 has accelerated the growth of international trade activities, which is worth up to US$1 trillion per year according to the WTO Annual Report 2014. Indonesia, as one of the developing countries, also considers international trade as their important pillar to support economic growth. However, the challenge is to balance national interest and Indonesian commitment to international trade law under the WTO framework into Indonesian legal policy. This challenge was shown in the newest Indonesian Mining Policy in 2009, which obligated every mining company to strive added value for their mineral ore. As a consequence, mining industries in Indonesia will no longer be able to export their mineral ore. From the Indonesian Governments perspective, the objective of these policies is to maximise added value from mining industries which might be considered by other states as a restriction type of export policies. Keywords: international trade law; domestic policy; developing country; natural resources; World Trade Organization; WTO. DOI: 10.1504/IJPL.2018.10015913
Leading international best regulatory principles in responsible lending policy: Lessons for Namibia by Ndatega Victoria Asheela, Stefan Renke, Melanie Roestoff Abstract: The economic downturn following the 2008 global financial crisis has inter alia invoked a movement towards responsible lending practices in order to protect credit consumers from irresponsible lending and over-indebtedness. In Namibian consumer credit law, inasmuch as debt prevention measures are contained in three pieces of legislation, there are still no responsible lending measures in place. This article provides an overview of the current and emerging international regulatory measures intended to promote responsible lending policy. It begins by tracing the development of consumer credit policies from truth-in-lending to responsible lending responses. It then provides a broad survey of the efforts aimed at promoting responsible lending policy with the aim of determining current trends and guidelines for devising a responsible lending regime and formulates leading international best principles for a modern and effective responsible lending regime. It is submitted that these leading international best principles can be useful lessons to Namibia and other developing countries alike in improving their national consumer credit law policies. Keywords: Irresponsible lending; consumer over-indebtedness; responsible lending policy; pre-agreement assessments; consumer protection.
An appraisal of the property settlement provisions under the Nigerian Matrimonial Causes Act: Lessons from Australia by Chinedu Justin Efe Abstract: This article reflects on the property settlement provisions under section 72 of the Nigerian Matrimonial Causes Act No 18 of 1970 Cap M7 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004. Noting that the said section was adapted from section 86 of the repealed Australian Matrimonial Causes Act No 104 of 1959 (Cth), it makes a comparative analysis of both provisions. It makes a finding that there exists a difference in the interpretation and application of the property settlement provisions in both countries. It notes that in Australia, under the repealed Act and the extant law (the Family Law Act No 59 of 1975 (Cth)), there has been a change in emphasis from making property settlement orders only within the purview of spousal maintenance orders to the alteration of property rights. In contrast, Nigerian courts have shown that besides settling property on a spouse as a means of making maintenance orders, they are not empowered to alter the property interests of spouses by way of making a redistribution order. In this light, the article calls for a rethink of the law in Nigeria so as to reflect the true proprietary relationship of spouses on marriage breakdown. Keywords: maintenance; marriage; property interest; property right; property settlement; settlement; transfer.
The consequences of contractual incapacity in private international law by Eesa Fredericks Abstract: In this article the issue of which legal system should govern the consequences of contractual incapacity is addressed, for instance, that a contract is void, voidable or unenforceable (or that it is valid only after ratification) and that restitution has to be made. Most legal systems do not specifically identify an applicable law in this regard. Exceptions are the position in Germany and Oregon and under a proposal for a Puerto Rican codification. Taking policy considerations, national models and related provisions in regional, supranational and international instruments into consideration, the author submits that the consequences of contractual incapacity should be governed by the putative objective proper law of the contract. Keywords: Private international law; The conflicts of law; Contractual capacity; Contractual incapacity; Proper law of the contract; Putative objective proper law of the contract; lex domicilii; lex loci contractus; lex patriae; law of habitual residence; the Lizardi rule.