Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials

International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials (IJNBM)

Forthcoming articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication but are pending final changes, are not yet published and may not appear here in their final order of publication until they are assigned to issues. Therefore, the content conforms to our standards but the presentation (e.g. typesetting and proof-reading) is not necessarily up to the Inderscience standard. Additionally, titles, authors, abstracts and keywords may change before publication. Articles will not be published until the final proofs are validated by their authors.

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International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials (5 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Synthesis and Characterization of Iron oxide Nanoparticles with Thymoquinone.   Order a copy of this article
    by Sheshadri S. Temkar, Tarun M, Seema Tharannum, Dinesh M. S 
    Abstract: Nigella sativa is a medicinal plant used for its antimicrobial properties. Thymoquinone (TQ) being the lead component of this plant seeds, exerts antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activity. It has also shown promising activity against cancer and inflammation through different modes of action. In recent developments for new applications in the field of medicine, nanotechnology has excelled as a very prominent and important field. Nanoparticles are generally in the dimension range of 1
    Keywords: Iron Oxide nanoparticles; Nigella sativa; Thymoquinone (TQ); Preparatory High-Pressure liquid chromatography; FTIR analysis; Zeta potential; Dynamic light scattering.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJNBM.2023.10058901
     
  • Polymeric bio-nanocomposite in biomedical field: a review on current status and challenges   Order a copy of this article
    by Shiv Kumar, Hari Om Sharma, Sachin Kumar, DINESH PATEL 
    Abstract: The development of polymer nanocomposite has emerged as a promising class of materials in biomedical applications. The various formulations and chemistries of compositions, improvement techniques in surface modification, and advancement in technologies and polymerization techniques have led to applications in dentistry, bone reconstruction, tissue engineering etc. The polymeric nanocomposite material has shown superior hardness, toughness, stiffness, strength, electrical and thermal conductivity, chemical resistance to corrosion etc. This article presents state of art applications and efforts made to develop advanced materials in the biomedical field. Additionally, an approach was discussed to improve the performance of material using modification in filler technology. The last section highlighted several characteristics, prospective uses and challenges of polymeric nanocomposite materials in the biomedical industry.
    Keywords: Nanocomposite; polymeric materials; mechanical properties; biomedical applications.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJNBM.2023.10059325
     
  • Inhaled insulin: Current steps towards diabetes treatment   Order a copy of this article
    by Priya Patel, Bhavisha Kacha 
    Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is among the most serious health challenges worldwide. Diabetes is a chronic condition that develops when the pancreas fails to adequately make or utilize insulin. 537 million individuals worldwide have diabetes, and in 2021, 6.7 million people will die from the diabetes. There are 90 million adult diabetics in India, and the disease claims 747 thousand lives per year. The act of taking in air and occasionally other substances into your lungs is known as inhalation. Common types of inhalers include nebulizers, dry powder inhalers, soft mist inhalers, and meter-dose inhalers. The body responds quickly and easily to inhalation therapy. Bloodstream is affected directly by the lung given its accessibility and extensive alveolar-capillary network for drug absorption, inhalational insulin is a desirable alternative to systemic administration of the hormone. The Food and Drug Administration officially approved the inhaled insulin Afrezza (FDA). In comparison to other unsuccessful inhaled insulin forms, this new, faster-acting inhalable insulin has a different and safer pharmacokinetic profile.
    Keywords: Diabetes; Inhalation; Insulin; Novel Approaches.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJNBM.2023.10061029
     
  • Producing Nanocellulose from Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L) as a Nanoreinforcing Agent PVA (Polyvinyl Alcohol) Film.   Order a copy of this article
    by Siti Aminah, Joko Hermanianto, Nugraha Edhi Suyatma, Evi Savitri Iriani 
    Abstract: This research aimed to analyze PVA films' physical, mechanical, and morphological characteristics by adding nanocellulose kenaf and glycerol. The cellulose isolation of kenaf was done by smoothing of fiber method, delignification, and bleaching. The steps of producing nanocellulose were using TEMPO, ultrafine grinding, and ultrasonication. Nanocomposite film (PVA + nanocellulose + glycerol) was produced using the solvent casting method. The treatments in this study were the addition of cellulose nanofiber (0%, 3%, and 5%) and the addition of glycerol (0% and 2%). The film had the highest total color difference (?E), adding 5% nanofiber cellulose and 2% glycerol (1.62
    Keywords: Kenaf; nanocomposite film; polyvinyl alcohol.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJNBM.2024.10061800
     
  • Synthesis and Characterization of nano-adsorbent from Chemically modified Parthenium hysterophorus for treatment of industrial wastewater   Order a copy of this article
    by Anu Gupta, Pardeep Pardeep 
    Abstract: Chemical modification of locally grown weed Parthenium hysterophorus (PH) has been carried out to increase the adsorption capacity, as well as the capacity to remove the soluble organic compounds and colour. Four different samples were prepared by treatment with two acids: (a) H2SO4, (b) HCl and two bases: (c) KOH and (d) NaOH. This nano-adsorbent was then characterized using FTIR, SEM to identify the functional groups as well as surface morphology. Application of this nano-adsorbent has been explored for the removal of dye from textile industry waste water. Batch Experiments with different samples have been performed to study the removal efficiency of synthesized nano-adsorbent. Effect of different variables like (nano-adsorbent dosage, dye concentration, pH of waste water and contact time was studied to optimize the parameters. The KOH modified nano-adsorbent has shown best removal efficiency at optimum set of parameters.
    Keywords: Nano-adsorbent Dye removal Adsorption waste water water treatment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJNBM.2024.10061801