International Journal of Management in Education (8 papers in press)
Lecturer competencies and student academic performance: examining the moderating role of student motivation
by Mohammad Fauzan Bin Superi, M. Muzamil Naqshbandi
Abstract: The quality of graduates is often linked to the quality of a countrys higher education institutions (HEIs). Concomitantly, lecturers are regarded as being imperative in producing quality graduates and strengthening HEIs. This study examines the effects of lecturer competencies on student academic performance and tests the moderating role of student motivation in the relationship between lecturer competencies and student academic performance. We used a quantitative approach to meet the objectives of the study and collected empirical data using a questionnaire survey from 210 students enrolled in the HEIs in Brunei. The data, examined through several statistical techniques, reveals a strong relationship between specific lecturer competencies and student academic performance. The findings also show that, of all the lecturer competencies, lecturer motivation interacts with student motivation positively to enhance student academic performance. These findings inform our current understanding of the determinants of student academic performance and provide vital directions for policy-making.
Keywords: Lecturer Competencies; Student Academic Performance; Student Motivation; Academic Motivation; Academic Achievement; Academic Success; Learning Environment; Student Knowledge Acquisition; Covid-19 pandemic; Goal Orientation; Student Interest; Course Grades; Academic Self-efficacy; Brunei.
Perceived organisational support to increase teachers' commitment and performance through work engagement: a case study of an Indonesian vocational school
by Erika Yolanda, Laila Refiana Said
Abstract: Most research on Indonesian vocational schools has analysed the link and match between curriculum and student competence. However, little attention has been paid to the role of educators in education. This study analysed (1) how perceived organisational support positively affects affective commitment and job performance of vocational teachers; and (2) work engagement as a mediator in the relationship between perceived organisational support and two endogenous variables, affective commitment and job performance. Data were obtained from all teachers (N = 60) in a vocational school that the Government of Indonesia has selected as one of the school revitalisation models. The study of data using Partial Least Squares - Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) revealed perceived organisational support directly affects affective commitment and job performance and indirectly through work engagement. The findings contribute to the research area of school management. Schools can use the results as guidance to improve teachers' commitment and performance.
Keywords: organisational support; work engagement; affective commitment; performance; teacher.
Organisational Culture and Research Ethics in a Vietnamese University
by Thu Nguyen-Anh, Justine Mercer
Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between organisational culture and research ethics at a leading Vietnamese university. The results suggest the two elements are mutually reinforcing. Specifically, the values, belief, and assumptions of the organization shape the behaviours of staff and students with respect to research ethics. At the same time, the (un)ethical behaviours that are widely accepted within the organization reinforce the relevant values, belief, and assumptions. Therefore, the more ethical values, belief, and assumptions are embedded in day-to-day practice (i.e. academic integrity and fairness; and to evaluate research qualitatively as well as quantitatively), the better the implementation of research ethics is. By the same logic, when the opposite values (i.e. academic dishonesty, unfairness, and a privileging of quantitative evaluation and decision-making) dominate, staff adopt negative beliefs and assumptions, making the application of ethics weaker. The paper ends with some recommendations for enhancing positive organisational culture and promoting more ethical practices.
Keywords: Research ethics; organisational culture; Vietnam; academic integrity; higher education.
The development of subject leader servant leadership attributes model using Malaysian context
by Kim Peng Teh, Tai Mei Kin, Omar Abdull Kareem
Abstract: The main purpose of the study was to develop an empirical substantiated Subject Leader Servant Leadership Attributes (SLSLA) model pertaining critical servant leadership attributes among subject leaders in Malaysian secondary schools. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was applied to identify the underlying factors and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was employed to test the measurement models using Structural Equation Modelling. With a usable data of 606 and 814 respondents for EFA and CFA respectively, the results suggested that the SLSLA model can be explained by five factors namely Self- Competence, Shares Leadership, Accountability, Teacher Capacity Building and Stewardship with normed chi-square = 3.631, GFI= .935, CFI= .958, TLI= .952 and RMSEA= .057. On the one hand, this coherent premier model had advanced useful insights for educational practitioners in designing development programs for subject leaders. While on the other, it had endowed servant leadership with new pertinence to middle management reality in schools.
Keywords: servant leadership attributes; self-competence; shares leadership; accountability; teacher capacity building; stewardship; subject leaders; middle management.
Transformational leadership and Innovative Climate in the administration of the School Unit: the case of High Schools of Northern Domain of Athens Ordinary and Model schools
by KYRIAKI MYSTAKIDOU, Vasiliki Brinia
Abstract: The present article examines the degree in which the school directors in the Secondary Education apply transformational leadership and investigates their contribution in cultivating and forming an innovative climate in the school unit. The innovation of this research lies on two axes, that have not yet been sufficiently studied in Greece: a) on teachers, vice principals and principals beliefs on subjects related to the administration of a school unit and b) on the comparison of two school types, the ordinary ones and the model ones. A quantitative methodology was conducted in the research and the findings show that the role of the principal is crucial to the schools effectiveness and its smooth operation. Principals lack of vision and inability to change, create resistance to a decentralized school management system. In conclusion, the transformational leadership style and innovation appear mostly in Model schools.
Keywords: Transformational leadership; innovative climate; school organizational culture; school organization; Secondary Education; Model high schools.
Exploring Academic Resilience in State Universities: Case on New Students in Semarang City
by Ratieh Widhiastuti, Wisudani Rahmaningtyas, Nina Farliana, Rufaida Rufaida
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of peers, religiosity, and school engagement directly and indirect on academic resilience, with locus of control as moderator. The population of this study was conducted on new students who had an educational background from social studies at State Universities in Semarang. The sampling technique used in this study was voluntary sampling, and obtained a sample of 187 students. The data collection technique used a questionnaire. The data analysis method used descriptive analysis and moderated regression analysis. The results showed that school engagement, religiosity, and peers had an effect on academic resilience. Meanwhile, locus of control can moderate school engagement on academic resilience and cannot moderate religiosity and peers on academic resilience.
Keywords: academic resilience; school engagement; religiosity; peers; locus of control.
Linking Organizational (in) Justice to Faculty Knowledge concealing Behaviour: Mediating Role of Servant Leadership behaviours in Higher Education Institutions of India
by Swapnil Mackasare
Abstract: This research attempts to study the relationship between organizational justice and knowledge concealing behaviour of faculty in higher education institutions. The study also included key behaviours of servant leadership to find out whether this particular leadership behaviour could diminish knowledge hiding in these institutions. Hypotheses testing included a data of 304 higher education faculty members from 18 different States in India using purposive sampling. The study uses bootstrapping technique with structural equation modeling to detect the indirect-path mediation effects of servant leadership with organizational (in) justice and knowledge hiding behaviours. Confirmatory factor analysis measurement model showed significant effects of informational and interpersonal (in) justice with knowledge hiding behaviours of faculty. Results also reveal that the instrumented servant leadership behaviours, specifically empowerment, accountability, stewardship and humility mediate between procedural, interpersonal and informational (in) justice and knowledge hiding behaviour of faculty in higher education institutions.The paper concludes with limitations and future research implications.
Keywords: Organizational Justice; Knowledge Hiding; Servant Leadership; Higher Education.
ACTIVE MIND, ACTIVE LEARNING: THE ROLE OF MATERIALISM AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING FOR THE DETERMINATION OF STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
by Mirza Ashfaq Ahmed, Muhammad Anwar Ul Haq, Tayyab Shafique, Bushra Akram
Abstract: The study was conducted to understand the phenomenon through which materialism impacts students academic performance. Following the ideas provided by Self-Determination Theory (SDT), a structural model was proposed and validate that analysed the mediating role of psychological well-being between both the constructs. The sub-domains of psychological well-being (self-efficacy, emotional intelligence and social intelligence) and academic performance (students self-efficacy, engagement and social interaction anxiety) were individually examined in the context of the phenomenon to provide a comprehensive understanding. With the help of self-administered surveys, 452 valid responses were gathered from university students (with business majors) through a questionnaire based on adopted scales. The technique of Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) was utilised for conducting the analyses. Results of the analyses revealed the negative influence of materialism on all sub-domains of psychological well-being. Additionally, a significant positive relationship was found between all sub-domains of psychological well-being and academic performance. Furthermore, all sub-domains of psychological well-being (except social intelligence between materialism and students self-efficacy) mediated the relationship between materialism and all three sub-domains of students academic performance. Both theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.
Keywords: Active Learning; Materialism; Psychological Wellbeing; Academic Performance.