Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Management in Education

International Journal of Management in Education (IJMIE)

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International Journal of Management in Education (17 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Do school leaders lead? The perception of educational actors concerning the school transformation   Order a copy of this article
    by Lídia Serra, José Alves, Diana Soares 
    Abstract: In an era that values school autonomy, we know little about how school actors interact to improve teaching practices and organisational performance. This paper presents the perceptions of Portuguese school leaders, teachers, and members of the self-evaluation teams regarding collective engagement in producing classroom transformation. The transformational capital initiative is a construct that measures the openness and will for mobilising changes. Multiple linear regression analysis used data from a survey to determine relationships between transformational capital initiative, school vision, decisional capital, mobilising and learning-supportive leadership, teachers' collaboration, innovative behaviour, and involvement and innovation climate. The findings include (i) differences in the perceptions regarding leadership among school actors and (ii) weak to moderate effects of leadership, teachers' collaboration, and innovative behaviour in promoting classroom transformation. The results suggest that schools are loose coupling systems where classroom transformation is a product more of teachers' individual will than of collective organisational planning.
    Keywords: transformational capital; leadership; innovation; collaborative practices; spontaneous order; loosely coupled system.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10063555
  • ChatGPT's challenges and opportunities in higher education: a technology-user(s)-environment (TUE) lens   Order a copy of this article
    by Gamal S.A. Khalifa, Abdallah M. Elshaer, Safaa A. M. El-Aidie, Angelina Seow Voon Yee, Ayda Farhan, Elhachemi Abdelkader Hacine Gherbi 
    Abstract: This qualitative study investigates the adoption of ChatGPT technology in higher education within the tourism and hospitality sector in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Using purposive sampling and constructivist research theory, 27 participants (students, instructors, and administrators) actively using ChatGPT were interviewed. Data analysis was conducted using NVivo software, employing a theme analysis technique. Contrary to expectations, environmental factors like culture and ethical considerations significantly influence ChatGPT usage, despite institutional readiness. Some participants express concerns about potential negative effects on human interaction and critical thinking skills. The study underscores the importance of adequate training and support for responsible technology use in higher education, alongside the impact of social and cultural contexts on attitudes toward technology adoption.
    Keywords: ChatGPT; Higher education; Technology adoption; TUE.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10063603
  • The relationship between learning-centred leadership and professional learning community: evidence from Malaysia   Order a copy of this article
    by Mei Kin Tai, Abdull Kareem Omar 
    Abstract: The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between learning-centred leadership (LCL) and professional learning community (PLC) in Malaysian secondary schools. By employing disproportionate stratified sampling, a total of 811 schoolteachers completed the survey. The results revealed that, i) the relationship between LCL and PLC is significant and positive; ii) the correlation between LCL and PLC is strong whereby LCL contributed 54.8% the total variation of PLC; iii) Builds a Learning Vision, Provides Learning Support, Manages the Learning Programme, and Modelling are predictors of LCL; and iv) Manages the Learning Programme contributed the most to PLC, followed by Modelling, Builds a Learning Vision, and Provides Learning Support. The study uncovers the fact that LCL is a good predictor of PLC. It offers local and international practitioners another dimension about educational leadership that LCL is an effective leadership style that can gauge improvement in enhancing teacher and student learning.
    Keywords: learning-centred leadership; professional learning community; builds a learning vision; provides learning support; manages the learning program; modelling.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10063739
  • The examination of studies regarding quality in higher education: A bibliometric analysis   Order a copy of this article
    by Merve Acer, Gökhan Kiliçoglu 
    Abstract: This study aims to examine 2094 Scopus-indexed articles on "quality in higher education" using bibliometric analysis and science mapping. It sheds light on the current state and trends in this field and offers solutions based on identified needs through science mapping. VOSviewer, a bibliometric analysis and mapping software, served as the foundation, while analytical tools in Scopus and Microsoft Excel were used as supplements. The study identified authors and studies with the highest Scopus citations, highlighted the most successful journal ("Quality Assurance in Education"), and identified the top countries (United Kingdom, USA, Australia). Social sciences and educational sciences departments were found to publish the most in this field. Key sub-topics include measurement scales for quality, Total Quality Management (TQM), student satisfaction as "customers," distance education, and sustainability issues. The study concludes with discussions on the results and suggestions for future research on quality in higher education.
    Keywords: quality studies; the quality in higher education; higher education; universities; bibliometric analysis.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10063758
  • Determinants of students’ intention of choice to study at higher education institutions of Malaysia in the Covid-19 era   Order a copy of this article
    by Joshua Teck Khun Loo, Christine Li Ping Leong, Mei Ling Siew, Sima Ahmadpour 
    Abstract: A market-sensitive educational system is evolving in Malaysia due to the fact that the country is experiencing an increase in competition from both local and international universities. Competitive pressure has forced higher educational institutions to look for more competitive marketing strategies in order to compete for students in their respective markets. Recently, higher education institution marketers in the northern region of Malaysia have been confronted lately with the decrease in the number of students due to the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Movement Control Order implemented by the government, and thus studying and knowing the factors that influence the students decision-making process represents a useful source of information for institutions management. The objective of this study is to investigate the determinants influencing students intention when choosing a university during the selection process. The data was obtained via a questionnaire and applied to sample of participants comprising the 350 prospective students who are planning to pursue higher education in the northern region of Malaysia. The Partial Least Squares of Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) approach was deployed to validate and examine the research theoretical framework and conduct the hypothesis testing. The key findings from the study reveal that institutional characteristics, institutional communication, institutional fit and family influence are positively impacted students intention of choice to study in higher education institutions in the northern region of Malaysia, accepting the peer influence.
    Keywords: Intention of Student’s Choice; College choice decision; Institutional Characteristics; Institutional Communication; Institutional Fit; Family Influence; Peer Influence.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10063760
  • Financial behaviour of tertiary students, and influencing factors   Order a copy of this article
    by Botond Géza Kálmán, Brigitta Szoke 
    Abstract: The purpose of the research is to examine the factors determining the financial behaviour of university students. The actuality of the investigation is given by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and the resulting crisis. Our goal was to collect new knowledge for the development of more modern financial higher education. We analysed the results of our own offline questionnaire survey conducted in 2019 and 2020. The responses were statistically processed with factor analysis and linear ANCOVA model. We have shown that the financial behaviour of economic and law students is more active than others. Financial knowledge is important for financial activity, but a high degree of awareness has the same effect. Among university students, the pandemics did not cause any significant changes in financial behaviour. The benefit of our results is their possible applicability in economic and financial education.
    Keywords: financial behaviour; tertiary students; influencing factors; questionnaire survey; factor analysis; linear ANCOVA; management in education; pandemic crisis; financial education; economic students.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10064041
  • Efficiency in higher education institutions: an analysis of data envelopment analysis applications   Order a copy of this article
    by Rodrigo Soares Lelis Gori, Daniel Pacheco Lacerda, Fabio Sartori Piran, Nubia Adriane Silva 
    Abstract: Estimating efficiency in Higher Education has been a challenge due to the complexity and heterogeneity of institutions. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has emerged as the main technique used to evaluate efficiency in the educational field. This study aims to analyse the applications of DEA in evaluating efficiency in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). This article contributes to the literature by discussing efficiency in higher education and by providing methodological and practical advances. Firstly, we carried out a Content Analysis considering 113 relevant studies in the fields of efficiency evaluation using DEA in HEIs. We identified motivators, results and main methodological approaches. In addition, we identified the need to expand studies focussing on the process of evaluating efficiency in resource allocation using DEA.
    Keywords: higher education institutions; DEA; efficiency evaluation; content analysis; motivators; results; resource allocation; methodological approaches; methodological advances; practical advances.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2025.10064343
  • Education inequalities in Ethiopia: a macro-level analysis and its policy implications   Order a copy of this article
    by Misganu Legesse Bareke, Birhanu Haile Agezew, Negash Haile Dedho, Adane Hailu Herut, Mesfin Molla Demissie, Berhanu Mekonnen Yimer, Mulugeta Fufa Lebeta 
    Abstract: Globally, inequalities in educational provision prevail among genders, various geographical regions, and different socioeconomic backgrounds. Consequently, this study aimed to assess the level of disparity among the Federal Regional States of Ethiopia using the Gini coefficient and Lorenz curve based on statistical data obtained from the MoE. Additionally, data were collected from 656 respondents in the sampled regions. The results of the Gini coefficient indicated that disparity in educational provision has decreased over the past couple of decades, both at primary (0.145-0.032) and secondary levels (0.277-0.126). However, emerging regions significantly lag behind the central and established regions. The sources of variation were primarily demand-side variables, particularly economic and contextual factors such as drought and conflicts. Therefore, educational policies designed at the central (macro) level are advised to adopt a multi-model approach and develop tailored strategies to address the existing inequalities through an equitable provision of the education system.
    Keywords: inequality; Lorenz curve; education; equity; demand and supply; Ethiopia.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10064380
  • Prescriptive Data Analytics to Foster Student Employability in Engineering Education   Order a copy of this article
    by Suja Jayachandran, Bharti Joshi 
    Abstract: Higher education is vital to a country’s economy because it creates a trained and steady labour force. Consequently, there is pressure on academic institutions to come up with innovative strategies to make their students more employable. To generate commercial value, business analytics empowers organizations to make better decisions more quickly, and intelligently. As of now, descriptive and predictive analytics are the main areas of interest for both academia and business. In this research, we have analysed 2694 engineering graduates passed out in the year 2018-2022 year from a cosmopolitan city located in India and performed descriptive, predictive, and prescriptive data analytics. We have used a hybrid feature selection algorithm to find an optimal set of features that has the maximum influence on employability and evaluated it using the classifier. We used these results and with the help of the 5W1H methodology, prescribed strategies to foster employability among Engineering graduates.
    Keywords: prescriptive analytics; student employability; engineering institute; machine learning model; 5W1H model.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2025.10064399
  • How teachers' performance is impacted by transformational and instructional leadership model   Order a copy of this article
    by Nazyktere Hasani, Nazmi Xhomara 
    Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the impact of transformational and instructional leadership models on teachers’ performance. The quantitative approach was the method used in the empirical study. A structured questionnaire and a random cluster sample of respondents were taken in the population of teachers and principals of high schools in the main municipalities in the country. The primary data of transformational and instructional leadership models, as well as of teachers’ performance were gathered. The study demonstrated a positive correlation between transformational leadership and teachers performance variables according to teachers, as well as principals. At the same time, the study indicated that the significant variance in teachers’ performance is explained by transformational as well as by instructional leadership. The study concluded that transformational leadership in addition to the instructional leadership model impacts teachers’ performance. Educational institutions should promote transformational and instructional leadership models as important variables that influence teachers’performance.
    Keywords: teaching; performance; leadership; transformational; instructional.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10064400
  • Exploring the views of Malaysian principals and novice teachers on the school-based support programmes during the COVID-19 Pandemic   Order a copy of this article
    by Lokman Mohd Tahir, Mohammed Borhandden Musah, Roslizam Bin Hassan 
    Abstract: Despite many studies examining the initial challenges faced by novice teachers, few studies address the challenges of school-based support programmes implemented within Malaysian schools. Therefore, this study examines novice teachers’ challenges concerning the school-based support programmes. The study interviewed 20 novice primary school teachers as well as ten primary school leaders. Principals were selected based on the purposive sampling approach. Age limit of the selected principals ranged between 44 to 54 years old. All teachers and principals interviewed were serving in public schools. The results reveal that low confidence, lack of skills and knowledge, issues in using online teaching, and administrative positions were the main constrains. Issues halted the school-based support programmes are restricted activities due to COVID-19 when most programmes are postponed and cancelled or conducted online. Significantly, school-based support programmes and COVID-19 have hardly been studied in reference to novice teachers’ challenges within their inception years in Malaysia.
    Keywords: Novice teachers; school-based support programmes; principals; COVID-19; CPD; Malaysia.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2025.10064525
  • The effect of the principal’s transformational leadership and school organisational culture on the performance of junior high school teachers with work ethic as a moderating variable   Order a copy of this article
    by Singgih Bektiarso 
    Abstract: The aim of this research is to examine the influence of the principal’s transformational leadership, school organisational culture and work ethic on teacher performance. This research population that has been determined is junior high school science teachers in the city of Jember, Indonesia. The number of respondents who were involved was 160 teachers. Data collection techniques have been applied using a questionnaire. The data analysis used was structural equation modelling (SEM) analysis with the PLS technique. The research results show that first, the principal’s transformational leadership has a significant positive effect on the performance of junior high school science teachers; second, school organisational culture has a significant positive effect on junior high school science teacher performance; third, work ethic moderates the influence of the principal’s transformational leadership on junior high school science teacher performance; fourth, work ethics moderates the influence of school culture on junior high school science teacher performance.
    Keywords: principal’s transformational leadership; school organisational culture; work ethic; teacher performance.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10064542
  • Kindergarten teachers' perceptions of the factors that negatively impact their professional competence in administrative work   Order a copy of this article
    by Vasiliki Brinia, Konstantina Antonopoulou, Alexandros Dimos, Maria Moutrika 
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the points of view of the heads of low-stakes Greek public kindergartens, regarding the factors that frustrate them in their position of responsibility and what their suggestions are for improving their job satisfaction. The qualitative, phenomenological research based on thematic axes was chosen as the appropriate research approach, while purposive sampling, semi-structured interviews with a guide of pre-constructed, open-ended questions and thematic analysis were chosen as methodological tools. The sample consisted of twelve kindergarten principals while the data were collected in February and March 2022. The results of the research show that supervisors perceive job satisfaction with emotional type definitions. The innovation of the research lies in the fact that a first attempt was made to investigate, qualitatively, internal and external factors that negatively affect the professional satisfaction of the heads of small kindergartens in an island region during the pandemic.
    Keywords: preschool leadership; job dissatisfaction; Greek kindergarten; administration; effectiveness.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10062630
  • Analysing the unemployment rate among women graduates in India: a dynamic panel approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Sanghita Ghosh, Amit Kundu 
    Abstract: The unemployment problem among graduate women in India is challenging and fluctuating in different states. With this background, this paper has identified the determinants of the unemployment rate among graduate women in India. It has also identified a few policy prescriptions to tackle that problem. The period is between 2013-2014 and 2019-2020 and 20 major states of India are considered for this investigation. Using the Blundell and Bond Dynamic Panel Regression technique it is observed that factors like higher gross enrolment ratio among women in higher education in general and higher percentage of females at the age of marriage between the age group of 18 and 20 years are responsible for the state-wise higher unemployment rate among graduate women. However, expanding the service sector by creating more employment opportunities for females with technical and professional degrees and an effective marriage age of 21 years and above can reduce the unemployment problem among at least graduated women in India. The study can help policymakers to reduce the unemployment problem among at least graduated women in India.
    Keywords: gross enrolment ratio of women graduates; the unemployment rate; graduate women; states; dynamic panel data regression; expansion of the service sector.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10062116
  • From theory to practice: attitude and technology awareness' effects on parents' intention towards preschool selection   Order a copy of this article
    by Vartika Bisht, Priya Vij 
    Abstract: Social media has become integral in daily life, with studies traditionally focusing on parental involvement in a child's early years. However, few have explored how parents use social media for preschool selection. This research examines the mediating role of attitude and the moderating impact of technology awareness on the behavioural intentions of educated parents when choosing preschools. Integrating the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) with the Hedonic Motivation System Adoption Model (HMSAM), the study utilises Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) on data from 688 educated parents. Findings indicate that attitude partially mediates performance expectancy, facilitating conditions, curiosity and joy with behavioural intention, while technology awareness moderates paths of social influence and joy. This research offers insights for preschools to comprehend parental behaviour and develop strategies to attract them. Limited to Punjab, the study emphasises preschool selection and provides a nuanced overview of parental behavioural intentions.
    Keywords: behavioural intention; mediator; moderator; PLS-SEM; preschools.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10062115
  • University as a brand: lessons from Vietnam's higher education branding   Order a copy of this article
    by Tuong-Minh Ly-Le, Viet Hoa Dang Thi, Mai Hoang Nguyen, Nhung Dinh-Hong, Thao Nguyen, Yen-Nhi Nguyen 
    Abstract: This research explores the landscape of higher education branding in Vietnam, investigating communication strategies and challenges faced by 30 universities. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the current state of higher education branding in Vietnam and its implications. By conducting interviews with representatives from various Vietnamese universities, the study uncovers that while some institutions have developed comprehensive brand communication plans, others struggle with fragmented approaches and a lack of a unified vision, often focusing on direct marketing for student recruitment. Resource constraints, particularly limited budgets, pose a significant hurdle, hindering comprehensive campaigns and skilled personnel recruitment. The findings emphasise the need for innovative resource allocation and a shared leadership vision. For universities and researchers, this study provides valuable insights into higher education branding dynamics, encouraging a collaborative effort to navigate complexities and contribute to the discourse on effective university branding.
    Keywords: university branding; higher education marketing; brand communication; branding challenges; Vietnam.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10062338
  • Compatibility of distributive leadership, teacher autonomy and school effectiveness in Nigeria   Order a copy of this article
    by Karima Bashir, Gazi Mahabubul Alam 
    Abstract: Distributive leadership has been linked with teacher autonomy, school effectiveness and decentralisation. This study aims to explore the compatibility of distributive leadership with teacher autonomy and school effectiveness in northwest Nigeria. The paper employs a quantitative method, using a descriptive survey and adopting western designed instruments to make its argument. The selected sample includes 314 federal secondary school principals. The findings revealed that teachers vary in their perception regarding the application of distributive leadership and their autonomy and distributive leadership has a positive direct effect on school effectiveness (β = 0.645, P<0.001), while teacher autonomy has no direct effect on school effectiveness (β = 0.031, P = 0.678). These findings highlight that distributive leadership alone does not rectify school ineffectiveness. This paper responds to the call for more literature from a non-western perspective, providing insights on the paradox of distributive leadership, teacher autonomy and school effectiveness in a decentralised context in Nigeria.
    Keywords: distributive leadership; teacher autonomy; decentralisation; context; school effectiveness.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJMIE.2024.10062559