International Journal of Migration and Border Studies
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International Journal of Migration and Border Studies (4 papers in press)
'The press has gone crazy': online media and political rhetoric of immigrants in the USA by Jack M. Mills, Silvia Gomes, Jessica Walzak Abstract: Over recent decades, accessibility of mass media has introduced a new arena for the dissemination of political rhetoric to the public, and politicians have capitalised on the capacity for mass media to polarise public opinion on contested social issues. Research has argued that President Trump has extended prior rhetoric on the dangers of illegal immigration to also encompass asylum seekers and other immigrants entering the USA legally in order to solidify political support from citizens fearful or resentful of these minority groups. Through a content analysis of online news articles collected from FOX, CNN, and CBS between 2017-2019, we explore the media representations of immigration, particularly regarding those crossing the USA-Mexico border. Although each media outlet has a particular way of portraying this social and political issue, overall findings illustrate increases to the frequency of news media narratives criminalising refugees crossing the southern border, exacerbating political divides on immigration issues, and garnering support for restrictive, conservative-led anti-immigration policies. Keywords: online media; politics; content analysis; immigration; Trump. DOI: 10.1504/IJMBS.2022.10048342
Special Issue on: Comparative Migration Law Methods, Debates and New Frontiers
A critical-contextual approach in comparative migration law by Kevin Fredy Hinterberger Abstract: This contribution deals with the critical-contextual method, which is a critical evolution of functionalism and introduced as a specific comparative law approach to migration law. Critical-contextual comparison draws upon three established methods/approaches: functionalism, contextualism and critical approaches. It fuses them to qualify as 'thick' comparison per Frankenberg. Comparisons are 'thick' if they are context-sensitive, critical and reflexive. To contribute to the operation and application of the critical-contextual approach generally, the present article carves out the method of critical-contextual comparison relying on certain findings of a case study on regularisations of irregularly staying migrants in the EU, in particular in Germany, Austria and Spain. The aim is to demonstrate how critical-contextual comparison can be undertaken in the area of migration law and the problems and challenges that may arise. Keywords: comparative migration law; contextual comparison; contextualism; critical approaches; critical legal studies; EU law; functionalism; functional method; irregularly staying migrants; migration law; public law; regularisations; return directive. DOI: 10.1504/IJMBS.2022.10047059
Network analysis and comparative migration law: examples from the European Court of Human Rights by William Hamilton Byrne, Thomas Gammeltoft-Hansen, Henrik Palmer Olsen Abstract: International migration law (IML) is famously fragmented, which provides fertile ground for comparative inquiry. However, this task is inhibited the heterodox nature of IML as it draws on a composite body of law that is expressed in different concepts, interpretations and languages. This paper presents network analysis as one useful methodology for navigating IMLs normative architecture and empirically mapping case law and its interrelations. Part I introduces network analysis as a data driven method for representing the relationship between variables in a legal network. Part II exemplifies its empirical purchase in the European Court of Human Rights migration case law. Part III suggests the further added value that arises for a comparative migration law by bringing into scope authoritative judicial practice across wider data sets. Part IV concludes reflexively by asking what unravelling the web of IML might reveal for a field always caught between universalist and relativist theoretical narratives. Keywords: migration; non-refoulement; European court of human rights; international migration law; network analysis. DOI: 10.1504/IJMBS.2022.10049309
Coloniality and case law on the Australian asylum offshoring scheme by Thomas Spijkerboer Abstract: This article presents an analysis of case law from Nauru, Australia and Papua New Guinea concerning the Australian offshoring scheme for asylum seekers. Its specific focus is to enquire to what extent and how colonial conceptual and ideological patterns of thought play a role in the reasoning of the courts involved. The analysis shows the Australian averseness to have its external action in former colonies subjected to international (human rights) law; and the juggling of sovereignty so that it justifies the administration of policies in former colonies. However, it also shows resistance to this coloniality, be it from actors with relatively little power. These insist on application of well-developed international human rights norms to Australian administration of its policies in two former colonies, and to some extent incorporate international power relations into their sovereignty reasoning. Other courts in the Global South have engaged more fundamentally with core assumptions of international migration law. Keywords: asylum; Papua New Guinea; Nauru; Australia; externalisation of migration policy; colonialism; comparative law. DOI: 10.1504/IJMBS.2022.10051075