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International Journal of Learning and Change

International Journal of Learning and Change (IJLC)

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International Journal of Learning and Change (44 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  •   Free full-text access Open AccessChanges of assessment in remote learning: educators' perceptions and findings
    ( Free Full-text Access ) CC-BY-NC-ND
    by Anžela Jurāne-Brēmane 
    Abstract: In the spring of 2020, the learning process globally was reorganised using online technologies that support a new strategy 'emergency remote learning'. At present, it is unclear how long emergency remote teaching and learning will need to be in place. As a consequence of recent health safety measures the teaching and learning activities have changed, including student assessment. The aim of this paper is to explore educators' perceptions of the changes in assessment and feedback. A survey of educators in Latvia was conducted, as well as two focus group discussions. The main findings examine such important aspects as the importance of feedback, the possibilities and use of technology, well-designed assignments. One initial finding of this review is that Latvian educators have reviewed, supplemented and developed assignments to deal with this new situation. In summation, this study aims to strengthen the understanding of learning and assessment when emergency remote teaching and learning is utilised.
    Keywords: assessment; assignments; changes; emergency remote learning; feedback; technologies in assessment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2022.10047058
  • Challenges and opportunities for the development of schools as learning organisations in the Greek context   Order a copy of this article
    by Manolis Koutouzis, Asimina Papazoglou 
    Abstract: Greece is going through a transitional period. The severe socio-economic crisis has left its mark on the country while the pandemic crisis is undoubtedly going to delay the recovery. This conceptual paper aims to explore the school as a learning organisation (SLO) in the Greek context, analyse challenges and opportunities for transforming Greek schools into SLOs and outline the roadmap for such a crucial transformation. Specifically, it includes a theoretical discussion on the applicability of the SLO concept in the Greek context, combining an in-depth analysis of the extant literature and four key aspects that should be considered for developing SLOs in Greece. Developing SLOs can lead to school effectiveness and improve Greeces well-being. Integrating the learning philosophy into their daily practice, schools in Greece will enhance teachers professional development, work effectiveness and well-being, as well as students well-being and academic performance. However, specific steps need to be taken, in both school and system level, to support this development.
    Keywords: Greek context; school as learning organisation; SLO; socio-economic crisis; pandemic crisis; roadmap; change.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035257
  • Qualitative study on critical traits of teacher for effective teaching in higher education institutions   Order a copy of this article
    by Amit Joshi, Preeti Bhaskar 
    Abstract: It is not only the intelligence quotient (IQ) that make a good teacher, but there are other traits required by teachers for effective teaching. This present study aims to identify the critical traits of teachers for effective in higher education institutions (HEIs) and also intend to outline the framework for effective teaching. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) of qualitative research methodology has been used in this research. In this research, teachers from higher education institutions have been selected as the respondent to understand the critical traits required for effective teaching. This research found that teachers passion, self-efficacy, creativity, humour, paralanguage, and immediacy are critical traits for effective teaching. The teaching framework highlights that each critical trait has an impact in the classroom management and students performance.
    Keywords: critical teachers traits; effective teaching; higher education institutions; HEIs; interpretative phenomenological analysis; IPA.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035530
  • Research skills and academic efficiency relationship: Al Ain University case   Order a copy of this article
    by Suad Abdalkareem Alwaely, Tarek Al-Yateem, Abdallah J. Abusalma 
    Abstract: The importance of university research for technological and social development is steadily growing all over the world. Therefore, continuous evaluation and enhancement of university instructors efficiency and competence are crucial. This study intended to assess the efficiency of educators of the Faculty of Education at Al Ain University and identify the extent to which they possess scientific research skills according to the educators themselves. Research aimed at examining the nature of the relationship between research abilities and efficiency and educators gender, academic rank, and teaching experience. To achieve these objectives, the authors designed separate scales for scientific research skills and efficiency evaluation and applied them to 38 instructors of the Faculty of Education at Al Ain University (UAE). It was found that faculty members extent of possessing scientific research skills and efficiency in self-assessment of educators was moderate. Statistically significant Pearson correlation differences were found between the self-assessment of research abilities and gender (in favour of the males, .830), academic rank (in favour of those of the professor rank .616), and teaching experience (in favour of those with 10+ years of experience .614). No statistically significant correlation was revealed between the respondents gender (significance level 0.636) and efficiency (significance level 0.614).
    Keywords: university efficiency; faculty members; education development; university evaluation; scientific research skills.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036207
  • The impact of school culture on the academic progress of deaf learners in Tanzanian inclusive schools   Order a copy of this article
    by Ildephonce Mkama, Claudine Storbeck 
    Abstract: The learning situation of deaf students in inclusive secondary education in Tanzania has witnessed a decade of struggle and choice on the best inclusion modality. This has resulted in an inconsistency in the accommodation of deaf students in inclusive schools. In this respect, this study was conducted to explore how the culture of a school has contributed to the academic progress of deaf students in the first decade of inclusive education. The study, therefore, employed phenomenology methods in collecting and analysing the data. The findings show that schools have not been able to change their cultures to accommodate deaf students. Hence, the learning of most students in secondary education takes place in a regular culture of the school. As a result, most of them have not only failed to reach the next levels of their education cycle but also dropped out of school. Therefore, we recommend that for the building of an equitable learning space for deaf students in an inclusive school, the curriculum should be adapted to the bimodal-bicultural model.
    Keywords: inclusive education; deaf students; academic progress; deaf culture; Tanzania.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036413
  • Efficacy of innovative instructional strategies: effect of learning games strategy on students learning outcome in social studies classroom   Order a copy of this article
    by Sunday Obro 
    Abstract: Whether the innovative instructional strategy of learning games would significantly increase, students learning outcome in the experimental groups and control groups were examined. The study is a quasi-experimental research, which examined the effect of learning games instructional strategy on students learning outcomes in upper basic eight classroom setting. The study sample comprised of 192 students randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups. The instrument employed for the study was a learning outcome test instrument which comprised of fifty (50) multiple-choice questions. Hypotheses were tested using ANCOVA. After experimentation, the results showed that students instructed using learning games had improved learning outcomes in comparison to those instructed with the lecture strategy (control group), there is no statistically significant influence of gender on students learning outcomes. This study provides empirical evidence of the efficacy of using learning games instructional strategy in boosting students learning outcomes.
    Keywords: efficacy; learning games; instructional strategies; innovative instructional strategies; social studies; learning outcome.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036645
  • The impact of verbal and mathematical intelligences as well as visual and auditory learning styles on students academic achievements   Order a copy of this article
    by Nazyktere Hasani, Nazmi Xhomara 
    Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between verbal and mathematical intelligences, visual and auditory learning styles and students achievements, as well as the impact of verbal and mathematical intelligences, and visual and auditory learning styles on students achievements. A non-equivalent control group post-test only design quasi-experimental research design was used in the study. A structured questionnaire was used to gather the primary data from the students in the study. The results indicated that verbal-linguistic intelligence as well as the logical-mathematical intelligence are predictors of students academic achievements. It is found that the visual learning style as an independent variable is not a predictor of students academic achievements. Meanwhile, the study revealed that the auditory learning style as an independent variable is a predictor of students academic achievements. It is found that, the total variance of students academic achievements explained by the verbal and mathematical intelligences, visual and auditory learning styles, (the whole model) is 14.5%. The study also revealed that verbal-linguistic intelligence explains 33.1% of the variance; logical-mathematical intelligence explains 1.6% of the variance; visual learning style explains 2.4% of the variance; and auditory learning style explains 19.6% of the variance in students academic achievements.
    Keywords: verbal intelligence; mathematical intelligence; visual learning style; auditory learning style; academic achievements.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036759
  • Quantitative analysis of perception ability in autism spectrum disorder   Order a copy of this article
    by Tanu Wadhera, Deepti Kakkar, Joy Karan Singh, Nonita Sharma, Rajneesh Rani 
    Abstract: The perception ability has attained much recognition in the identification of cognitive processing and decision-making in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) individuals. However, the prior studies have subjectively worked on perception ability using conditioning paradigms that can be intolerable for ASD individuals. The present paper quantitatively investigates the perception ability of ASD individuals by modelling visual judgment and statistical learning. Thirty ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals are selected for experimenting distinguishing animated images related to risk situations with different risk levels. The experimental paradigm-based behavioural measures (reaction time, d index, and accuracy) revealed that ASD individuals, although performed poorly than TDs, they visually and statistically perceived the risk. Quantitatively, the perception level in ASD is (mean 0.57 +- 0.02) in the range [0 1]. In comparison to TDs, the attenuated visual and statistical learning during the experiment could lead to impaired perception in ASD. However, when statistical learning comes into action (comparing performance in block 1 and block 6), it played a crucial role in improving visual knowledge; thus, the perception ability of ASD individuals. In the future, the studies can implicate the quantitative perception to identify other deficits in the ASD phenotype.
    Keywords: autism; judgment; perception; quantitative; risk-sense; safety knowledge; statistical learning; visual understanding.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037017
  • Experimental design for data collection to study the association between sports participation and academic achievement   Order a copy of this article
    by Ruwan P. Premaraja 
    Abstract: This study focuses on the experimental design concept to test the association between academic achievement and sports participation of secondary students. This association was tested using qualitative and quantitative data analysis through a case study. Findings displayed a similarity with the conceptual model by Fejgin, 1994, with three strategies being identical: daily attendance, expansion of energy and school engagement. Additionally, inculcating patience, motivation to engage in learning, and improving concentration on studies were identified, extending an improved model to be used for future studies. Although a small sample was used in the study, findings reveal that participation in sport activities resulted in a direct academic improvement for 60% and progress from a lower average to higher average for 20% of students. Based on the extended model, data gathering instruments were designed for an extensive study which will provide empirical evidence to students, parents, teachers, school administrators and curriculum planners to make informed decisions.
    Keywords: academic achievement; daily attendance; expansion of energy; experimental design; school engagement; sport participation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037152
  • Examining the inter-relationship between leadership styles, organisational learning capability and job satisfaction: an empirical study of Indian IT companies   Order a copy of this article
    by Deepti Pathak, Poornima Madan, Shalini Srivastava 
    Abstract: The rationale of this paper is to investigate the inter-relationships among leadership styles, organisational learning capability and job satisfaction. In particular, it aims to analyse whether the leadership styles impacts the learning capability of an organisation and job satisfaction level of its employees or not. 200 Managers from various management levels at IT companies in the Delhi/NCR, India, were surveyed. Descriptive statistics, correlations and moderated regression analysis were used to assess the data. The study found a significant association of transactional and transformational leadership styles with organisational learning capability. However, in case of their association with job satisfaction, only transformational leadership style showed a significant one. The study also found a significant moderating effect of transformational leadership style on organisational learning capability and job satisfaction relationship. The results are of utmost significance as it gives valuable insights about the preferred leadership style by the managers that help them towards enhancing their organisational learning capability and job satisfaction.
    Keywords: leadership styles; organisational learning capability; OLC; job satisfaction; IT sector; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037370
  • Teachers' intention to adopt virtual reality technology in management education   Order a copy of this article
    by Kriti Priya Gupta, Preeti Bhaskar 
    Abstract: The present study explores the role of teachers personal dispositional factors in determining their willingness to adopt virtual reality (VR) applications in teaching. Premised in the Indian context, the study focuses on the perceptions of B-school teachers regarding the adoption of VR technology in the management discipline of higher education. The proposed model was empirically tested using cross sectional design. The primary data was gathered through a survey of 508 teachers at 50 B-schools in the NCR of Delhi, India. Exploratory factor analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to statistically analyse the data. The findings of the study suggest that the technology-related personal characteristics of teachers such as, computer expertise, computer self-efficacy, and personal innovativeness; personality traits such as, extraversion, conscientiousness and openness to experience; and demographic characteristic such as age, significantly predict the intention of teachers regarding adoption of VR technology in management education.
    Keywords: virtual reality; management education; teachers; personality traits; personal characteristics.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037900
  • Hybrid project management solutions with multi-geographical teams   Order a copy of this article
    by Catarina Bragança, Rui M. Lima, Leandro Pereira, Tiago Mateus 
    Abstract: Delivering a project has several challenges to be addressed, and to mitigate them, multiple approaches have arisen and suggested as best practices to stakeholders satisfaction. This research presents a proposal to manage communication inside a virtual project team, adapting concepts from traditional and agile approaches into a hybrid framework, created using the action research spiral approach to evaluate the performance. It was possible to implement three action-research cycles, considering the spiral approach, starting will a diagnosis of the team, followed by action planning and implementation in a two month cycle, finishing with evaluation of the results and collection of feedbacks and potentials improvements. This paper describes all the process, tools and communication structure implemented in a product development project team of an industrial company for a period of six months. The results show that the team became project oriented, increasing trust among members and the alignment of dependencies between areas.
    Keywords: project management; communication management; stakeholder management; virtual project teams; VPT; hybrid project management.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10038361
  • The level of legal consciousness in pedagogical college students   Order a copy of this article
    by Galiya Nazkhanova, Natalya Khan, Gulzira Abdullayeva, Ardak Kalimoldayeva, Asan Abdrakhmanov 
    Abstract: The issue of legal personality formation within consciousness of students in pedagogical institutions is of great importance. The aim of the article was to determine legal consciousness initial condition of pedagogical college students and to propose ways to improve it. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that pedagogical college students form a possibility of transferring moral and psychological patterns which includes their legal consciousness in their future professional activity. The key basis within the research structure is represented with definition of legal consciousness initial values and development of methods aimed at its correcting. The initial values and their impact on programs of students legal consciousness formation are determined. It was found that flexible strategy of legal consciousness level increase can provide full integration of the present aspect into legal framework of teaching process.
    Keywords: legal consciousness; students; education college; formation; initial condition.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10038682
  • Effect of metacognitive learning strategies on English language performance among students in Kenya   Order a copy of this article
    by Justin Momanyi Omare, Peter J.O. Aloka, Robert Onyango Ochieng 
    Abstract: The study investigated the effect of metacognitive learning strategies on academic performance in English language among students in public secondary schools in Kenya. The study adopted Solomon four experimental group design. The participants comprised 283 Grade 11 students from four public secondary schools. The study utilised a modified standardised metacognitive learning strategy questionnaire (MLSQ) to measure the use of metacognitive learning strategies by students in English language. Cronbachs alpha (a) was computed to investigate the internal consistency of the questionnaire and the overall reliability coefficient of a = 0.827 was reported. The findings is that there is significant difference between experimental group posttest scores (Group-3) and control group posttest scores (Group-4), t(53) = 8.095 (p < .05). The conclusion is that metacognitive learning strategies are effective in enhancing students academic performance in English language. Teachers of English language should therefore utilise metacognitive learning strategy during instruction in schools.
    Keywords: effect; metacognitive learning strategies; academic performance; English language; students; Kenya.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039178
  • Cohorts motivation and learning climate trajectories in higher education: a multi-year study   Order a copy of this article
    by Edward O. Akoto, Eunice V. Akoto, Christie Hough, Nathanael S. Campbell, Ajay K. Aggarwal 
    Abstract: We examined the higher education (HE) socialisation process via the self-determination theory (SDT) perspective over a three-year period. Goal motives and learning climate (autonomy vs. control) were compared among freshmen, sophomore, junior, senior, and graduate cohorts for the study period. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) outcome on goal motives and the learning climate supports the natural socialisation process in the HE settings. Graduate and upper-division cohorts exhibit high-quality motives (high self-regulation) and experience higher autonomy support than the lower-division cohorts. Regression analysis revealed that goal motives and college satisfaction mediate the effect of learning climate on academic performance. While the socialisation processes and satisfaction are important determinants of academic success, different motivational systems are necessary for the successful progression of students to degree completion in HE.
    Keywords: self-determination theory; SDT; goal motives; learning climate; higher education; socialisation; college satisfaction; academic performance; cohorts.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039535
  • Benefits realisation management: social impact analysis   Order a copy of this article
    by Leandro Pereira, Ricardo Santos, José Santos, Álvaro Dias, Renato Lopes Da Costa 
    Abstract: The social impact assessment and benefits management is commonly measure in social communities intervention plans. Although, its combined use lacks from a methodology or framework which can assist in measuring those benefits and impacts. To achieve this, a business case tool has been applied in order to measure the benefits and Social Toolkit has been developed to assist the social impact. The results of these measures provided a substantial incremental in terms of benefits measurements and social impact assessment in the social impact assessment of the community intervention of proximity initiative, which aims to support families affected by poverty and / or victims of social exclusion. The results have shown that has been a decrease in social exclusion and poverty reduction for needy families.
    Keywords: social impact; benefits management; social impact; intervention; business case tool.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039673
  • Lifelong learning-studying in the European higher education area with Covid-19   Order a copy of this article
    by Uwe Radtke, Doreen Kaempf 
    Abstract: Lifelong learning comprises all learning undertaken throughout life, with a view to improving knowledge, qualifications and competences within a personal, civic, social or employment-related perspective. This EU definition, which is still valid today, was laid down in the document 'Creating a European area of lifelong learning in 2001.' Lifelong learning has many advantages. Both of the authors did feel the need for some additional tasks, new knowledge and further input. As the tax law requires certain criteria to accept the costs, we did search which options the German state hold and privately hold Universities offer for a certain type of graduation, especially a diploma from a technical college. There is always a possibility for lifelong learning if that's really desired and than Covid-19 happened. Luckily the EU based universities managed that challenge maybe even better that the German universities. There is still research needed for online evaluation of students or exams and the usage of computers during the exam and it will be challenging and hard to detect and identify dishonest students.
    Keywords: doctoral; students; lifelong learning; education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039866
  • Modelling the efficiency evaluation in production enterprise applying lean management system   Order a copy of this article
    by Aurelija Burinskiene 
    Abstract: The author investigated the application of lean management system in production enterprises and highlighted the main differences between traditional management and lean management systems. Many classical qualitative methods are used for benchmarking both systems. However, classic techniques consider costs accumulation but do not include time aspect. The author applies more advanced approach to assess efficiency. The study presents cash-flow model for economic valuation of investments into lean system. According to case study, savings for production enterprise applying lean management system are higher than the size of investments required to implement system. These numbers are highly dependent on company size. The study consists of three parts. The first part describes how actively production enterprises are investing in lean management system. In the second part new cash-flow model is presented to evaluate efficiency. The third part presents practical application. It compares the activity of manufacturing company with and without lean management system.
    Keywords: cash-flow; model; lean management system; investments; economic efficiency; production enterprise.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10040240
  • Using self-regulated learning to enhance mathematics achievement among grade 11 learners in Kenya   Order a copy of this article
    by Charles Onchiri Onguti, Peter J.O. Aloka, Joseph Otula Nyakinda 
    Abstract: The study investigated the effect of self-regulated learning (SRL) on mathematics performance among learners in Kenya. The study employed Solomon four research design. A sample size of 408 grade 11 learners from four schools was obtained using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Validity of the instruments was ensured with assistance of experts in Psychology and Mathematics. Reliability of the questionnaires was ensured using the Cronbach's alpha method and all the subscales had alpha of greater than 0.7. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages and inferential statistics such as paired samples t-test was used to analyse data. The results indicate a significant difference [t(83) = 10.498, p < 0.001] between pre-test and post-test score of Experiment group which means a significant impact of treatment (training on the use of SRL techniques). The universities and teacher training colleges should infuse aspects of SRL techniques in their teacher training programs.
    Keywords: self-regulated learning; SRL; mathematics performance; learners; public; secondary schools; Kenya.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10040284
  • The teaching-learning dynamic from behaviourism to social constructionism: a communication-centred narrative   Order a copy of this article
    by Salaheddine Mnasri, Stavros Papakonstantinidis 
    Abstract: The paper explores the teacher-learner relationship and the perceived role of communication by comparing the five dominant learning theories: behaviourism, cognitivism, constructivism, humanism, and social constructionism. Prior studies argue that learning is a matter of conditioning, occurs through transmission, is brain-governed and is separable from communication. In contrast to past research, we adopt a social constructionist perspective to argue that communicating and knowing are interdependent activities. The paper offers a novel communication-centred narrative to highlight the relationship between communicating and learning. The study proposes a new model representing the teaching-learning dynamic and offers direct implications on the teacher-learner relationship, calling for a new taxonomy of learning.
    Keywords: teacher-learner relationship; learning theories; communication; social constructionism.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10040428
  • Integration of ICT in higher education during Covid-19 pandemic: a case study   Order a copy of this article
    by Abdullah M. Al-Ansi, Indah Fatmawati 
    Abstract: Information and communication technology (ICT) became an alternative approach to tackle the challenges rising of Covid-19 pandemic. Online learning depends on availability of internet, suitable infrastructure, learning management systems (LMSs) and the effective educational policies. This research aims to investigate e-learning factors in integration of ICT in higher education in Thamar University, Yemen. Sample of 264 participants including faculty members, administrative staff and students of Thamar University were selected to answer the questionnaires. Quantitative approach was conducted to analyse collected data by using SPSS. Results of this research revealed that ICT elements including internet, infrastructure and LMS have positive ad significant role in integration of ICT in higher education in Thamar University while the educational institutions’ policies play negative and insignificant role. The results also revealed the lack of universities and government’s support to facilitate e-learning during Covid-19 and suggested for more fund and training for stockholders in education.
    Keywords: internet; learning management system; LMS; e-learning; electronic learning; information and communication technology; ICT; ICT policies; higher education; developing countries.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10041196
  • A career guidance model design-based blended learning in primary schools   Order a copy of this article
    by Aprilia Tina Lidyasari, Nur Hidayah, Triyono, I.M. Hambali 
    Abstract: This research aims to develop a career guidance model design based on blended learning for primary school learners. This research combines the development model of Borg and Gall and Branch. Products development are syllabus, lesson plan, inventory, guidance, and blended learning containing career awareness materials. After being validated by the experts, the developed products showed the criteria versatile, feasible, accurate, eligible, and acceptable. Furthermore, the model was tested for its effectiveness on 28 elementary school students using a career awareness inventory with a one group pre-test post-test design and followed up by conducting a Wilcoxon analysis. The results based on the Wilcoxon showed that the z value was equal to -4,640 in asymp. sig. (two-tailed) with a score of 0.000 < 0.05. Thus the conclusion is that the career guidance model based blended learning to improve career awareness of primary school students had met the acceptability criteria and effective.
    Keywords: career guidance; blended learning; career development of primary school learners.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10041285
  • Developing learning and participation in schools: using the Index for inclusion in Spain lessons learned and common challenges   Order a copy of this article
    by Gerardo Echeita, Cecilia Simón, Marta Sandoval, Yolanda Muñoz 
    Abstract: This paper presents a documentary review in Spain on the uses and experiences of school change with Index for Inclusion materials (Booth and Ainscow, 2000, 2011) during the last 15 years. A brief description of the Spanish educational system is made in order to contextualise this analysis. The initiatives are grouped into three categories. Firstly, it has served as a source of partial inspiration, primarily in research contexts, to generate tools for analysis. Secondly, it has been taken up in teacher education activities. In this context, the index has been especially useful to help to construct and share a common language about inclusive education. The third category encompasses projects that have used the Index in the evaluation and improvement processes to guide inclusive development in schools. Some 'lessons learned' are shared and common challenges are discussed, among them the need to give greater emphasis to the conditions which support schools on their journey to become more inclusive.
    Keywords: inclusive education; index for inclusion; Spain; challenges; school change.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10041611
  • The picture behind an intensive English language curriculum reform in Turkey: concerns of English teachers   Order a copy of this article
    by Zehra Yedigöz Kara, Nilay T. Bumen 
    Abstract: Studies around the world point out the need to understand the nature of the reforms and dynamics during a curricular change. By providing a rich insight into a cohort of English teachers’ concerns towards the new intensive English language curriculum (IELC) for early adolescences, this study aims to depict the picture behind the IELC in Turkey, where many curricular reforms take place. Adopting the explanatory sequential mixed-methods design, the data were collected through the stages of concern questionnaire (SoCQ) and semi-structured in-depth interviews. The SoCQ analysis revealed that the teachers displayed a non-user profile by having intense self-concerns while displaying low consequence concerns. The interviews showed strong evidence for the teachers’ struggles with their self-concerns and the solutions they employed during a curricular change. These results indicate teachers believe that they are unable to adopt the innovation as planned. Hence, it is suggested urgent support and guidance are required so that the teachers resolve their early concerns and advance to the more mature ones.
    Keywords: concern-based adoption model; English language curricula; stages of concerns; SoCs; stages of concern questionnaire; SoCQ; teachers’ concerns; Turkey.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10041772
  • Management of personnel professional development as a condition of digital transformation of the organisation   Order a copy of this article
    by Evgeniya K. Karpunina, Elena A. Okunkova, Alexey S. Molchan, Elena O. Belova, Oksana A. Kuznetsova 
    Abstract: The purpose of the study is to form a methodological approach to managing the professional development of employees in order to achieve the maximum effect of the digital transformation of the organisation. The authors analysed the environment for implementing the processes of digitalisation of organisations in Russia, identified existing limitations and lagging behind developed countries. The article systematises the risks of digital transformation of the organisation. The priority of levelling personnel risks arising from the discrepancy between the level of development of the organisation’s personnel and the new digital requirements, as well as due to the low adaptive capacity of the staff, is justified. A methodological approach to the creation of a management system for the professional development of the organisation’s personnel is proposed. A model of its implementation is developed based on the formation of a profile of employee competencies, identification and assessment of the personnel risk of digital transformation, and realisation of a differentiated set of measures.
    Keywords: digital transformation of the organisation; professional development management; competencies; digital development; personnel risks.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10041815
  • Influence of e-learning to support learning process in higher education   Order a copy of this article
    by K.V. Sriram, Prateek Singh, Giridhar B. Kamath, Asish Oommen Mathew 
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify the critical factors of e-learning and examine the influence of these factors on learning success among undergraduate engineering students in India. Exploratory research is carried out to determine the critical success factors of e-learning. The data from 307 respondents was collected using an online survey with the snowball technique. The causal relationship between the factors of e-learning and the success of e-learning was tested using structural equation modelling (SEM). The exploratory study identifies control, quality of education, platform design, online peer support, perceived usefulness, diversity of assessment, pricing, effort expectancy, and awareness as the critical success factors. The result indicates control, perceived usefulness, platform design, pricing, and quality of education support E-Learning success. The theoretical model presented in this paper is the first of its kind and would enable researchers to understand e-learning from a holistic perspective. The factors developed would act as a guideline for future researchers who would like to analyse e-learning in different contextual settings. This study serves as a potential aid to higher education institutions that encourage e-learning in their curriculums.
    Keywords: e-learning; critical success factors; higher education institutes; factors supporting e-learning success.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10042007
  • Correlational study of on-the-job training methods to Mongolian organisational typology   Order a copy of this article
    by Mend Narantuya, Byamba Baatarsuren 
    Abstract: The study assesses the correlation between on-the-job training methods and the organisational typology in Mongolia. Significant correlation was revealed between OJT methods and the commonwealth organisations, service organisations, maintenance organisations and business organisations, and mutual benefit associations (SE .000); while moderate correlation was revealed with managerial organisations (SE .002). The study shows that in this era of organisational transformations toward learning and knowledge-driven institutions, on-the-job training is the key tool that allows flexible adaptation to the market and constantly improves effectiveness and productivity. It surmises that Mongolian organisations are at the earlier stage of adopting effective on-the-job training methods and its appropriate utilisation according to the typology of the organisations. The study highlights further utilisation of effective on-the-job training methods, and serves as a sound basis for interventions by steering organisations in Mongolia to consider implementing standardised training methods as practiced by international organisations.
    Keywords: correlational study; workplace training; on-the-job training; training methods; Mongolia; organisational typology.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10042413
  • Social entrepreneurial intention and its antecedents: a narrative review-based study   Order a copy of this article
    by Alisha Soni, Kanupriya Misra Bakhru 
    Abstract: Social entrepreneurship is a planned behaviour and rapidly gaining its importance in society. This complex process can be understood by studying intention which is the single best predictor of subsequent behaviour. It helps in understanding the reasons behind the actions undertaken and the manner in which potential entrepreneurs decide and act to achieve their social entrepreneurial goals. One of the major reasons of studying intention is its empirically proven psychological models. Such general intention models provide base for the development of intention models of social entrepreneurship. Therefore, it becomes necessary to study this process in an organised manner, as various other variables are also getting introduced. The paper clarifies this evolution process and categorised the main areas of knowledge used to explain different aspects of entrepreneurial intention to start a social venture. The classification of variables is done on the basis of three ecosystems of socio-ecological model introduced by Urie Bronfenbrenner in 1970s namely, individual, social, contextual/situational factors. Hence, this study attracts the attention of academic community, who are at the initial level of research or seeking foundational knowledge about this subject. However, it was difficult to include every variable which predict social entrepreneurial intention in an individual.
    Keywords: social entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurial intention models; social entrepreneurial intention; social entrepreneurial intention models.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10043412
  • The relationship of training and learning, and the diversity of sources of innovation's ideas with the social innovation in non-profit organisations. Evidence from Ecuador   Order a copy of this article
    by Orly Carvache-Franco, Glenda Gutiérrez-Candela, Paola Guim-Bustos 
    Abstract: The objective of this research was to examine the relationship of the variables training and learning, and the diversity of sources of innovation's ideas, with the social innovation of non-profit organisations (NPOs), the study was carried out in Guayas-Ecuador. It is a quantitative, cross-sectional, non-experimental study, Probit regression was used. The findings indicate that the variables: training and learning, and the diversity of sources of ideas for innovation, positively affect social innovation in these organisations. The theoretical implication of the research is that it contributes to the scant empirical evidence of this relationship, especially in developing countries, it also strengthens the idea that the resource based view of the firm can explain social innovation and that the fundamental resource in social innovation is the knowledge, which these organisations acquire and increase through training and internal learning, and the diversity of sources of ideas for innovation that they acquire.
    Keywords: social innovation; governance; development of social projects; knowledge.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10043637
  • Proposed resilience strategy for higher education institutions post COVID-19   Order a copy of this article
    by S. Al Zubaidy, W. Khan 
    Abstract: To quickly cope with the COVID-19 pandemic, universities shifted to complete remote delivery. Remote learning is the area of education that concentrates on technology and methods of teaching aimed at delivering to students who are not physically present on individualised bases. This type of delivery is of advantage, when planned. The technology and capabilities to provide comprehensive remote delivery for some degrees do not exist at present time. This article proposes an outline for the required elements of an effective instructional delivery framework that will enable higher-education institutions to meet standards, maintain pedagogical flexibility and to assure quality of the learning outcome of their remote and blended delivery. The above will take place within an overall conceptual design that is capable of effectively handling the new environmental challenges and therefore, will lead to a quality instructional delivery system that can be used in iterative cycles of faculty use and feedback.
    Keywords: higher education; HE management; change management; restructuring; he strategy; he resilience; post pandemic; engineering degrees; structural adjustment; teaching and learning; remote learning.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10043640
  • International learning experience in different cultures   Order a copy of this article
    by Rui Gonçalves, Bruno Santana, Leandro Pereira, Renato Lopes Da Costa, Álvaro Dias 
    Abstract: This study aims to give an understanding about what are the main reasons that are taken in consideration by foreign students in their decision to stay or leave the country where they have completed their studies. Based on literature review a survey was built and sent to students of different nationalities, which focused on the main dimensions valued by an individual when choosing a place to live. The results showed that the variables 'perception (education)', 'environment', 'health and well-being', 'social influence', 'intention to live abroad', 'social influence' and 'Intent to live abroad' where the ones with greater impact in the decision of a foreign student to stay or leave the country.
    Keywords: university students; retaining talent; socio-economic condition; country attraction.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2022.10044024
  • Teaching French grammar in an informal cooperative study group through Kahoot   Order a copy of this article
    by Igor Didier Sabukunze, Suyoto 
    Abstract: This research intends to improve the French grammar level for Indonesian students. We carried out a quantitative method to implement gamification reinforcement in an informal cooperative learning (ICL) group. The instrument used was a questionnaire. This study uses gamification and ICL for communication tools to improve the French language’s grammar. It is primarily for tenses since Indonesian students from the French department still have problems writing and speaking French. Because of this, they often use their mother language. The purpose of this study is designed as a communication tool to enhance the French language’s grammar, especially for tenses. In this manuscript, we used five students as participants. The combination of an ICL Group and gamification indicated that students’ performance, motivation, and enjoyment of the learning process increased. The application of new technology may help to improving the quality of teaching and learning in the classroom and make it fun.
    Keywords: French; gamification; informal cooperative group; Kahoot!.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2022.10044139
  • Self-determination and mathematics achievement among grade 12 learners in secondary schools   Order a copy of this article
    by Telesia Ahono Atetwe, Peter J.O. Aloka, Robert Mukuna Kananga 
    Abstract: The study examined the relationship between self-determination and mathematics achievement among grade 12 learners in secondary schools in Kenya. The ex post facto research design was used. A sample size of 445 grade 12 learners was obtained. The self-determination scale was used to collect data. The findings indicate a significant influence, though weak, positive correlation (r = 0.142, n = 396, p = 0.005) between self-efficacy of expectation and mathematics achievement; a significant, though weak, positive correlation (r = 0.182, n = 396, p < 0.05) between internal locus of control and mathematics achievement; very weak positive correlation (r = 0.088), but no significant correlation [n = (396) r = 0.088, p = 0.080 (ns)] between the level of learner self-knowledge and mathematics achievement; and finally, a weak, positive correlation [n = (396), r = 0.192, p < 0.05] between learner level of self-instruction and mathematics achievement. The study recommends that teachers should play a role in helping learners develop the self-determination resources by providing autonomy-supportive classrooms.
    Keywords: self-determination; mathematics achievement; grade 12; learners; secondary schools; Kenya.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2022.10044158
  • Inhibiting factors influencing adoption of simulation-based teaching from management teacher's perspective: prioritisation using analytic hierarchy process   Order a copy of this article
    by Preeti Bhaskar, Priyanka Bhaskar, Ananth Anthonisamy, Padmalosani Losani, Amit Joshi 
    Abstract: Simulation-based teaching provides opportunities to simulate the scenarios/situations by integrating different technology into educational practice to make it look like a real situation. The use of a simulation approach has been widely used in health, engineering, nursing, architecture, medicine, aviation, and marine courses, ironically, management education has not been at the forefront of simulation-based learning. This research aims to prioritise the inhibiting barriers faced by teachers to adopting simulation-based teaching in higher education institutions of India. Previous studies have identified inhibiting factor but none of the studies has prioritise those factors therefore this research has used AHP approach to prioritise the inhibiting barriers. This study has identified and prioritises four main inhibiting factors. Institutional-level factors have secured the highest rank, followed by technological-level factors, operational-level factors and personal-level factors.
    Keywords: inhibiting factors; technology adoption; simulation-based teaching; management teacher’s perspective; prioritisation; analytic hierarchy process; AHP.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2022.10044718
  • A guidebook for the integration of financial literacy to mathematics courses   Order a copy of this article
    by Abdullah Ozkale, Carmela Aprea 
    Abstract: Turkey needs to take serious steps for financial literacy, which has become one of the most trending topics in the world for the education system. Considering the strong interaction between financial literacy and mathematics education, the purpose of the study is to respond to the needs within the field of mathematics education in Turkey, without interfering with the curriculum, through a guidebook for grades one to eight. The tasks that are the focal point of the guidebook are presented for the teachers along with knowledge on children’s financial understanding. The tasks were designed according to task design parameters as well as the spiral approach which is used for the curriculums of Turkey as well. Tasks organise learning activities and guide teaching and learning processes, and they also include background on the design of the tasks. It is expected to lead a soft integration for financial literacy education in Turkey.
    Keywords: mathematics education; financial literacy; financial education; children’s financial understanding; guidebook; integration.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2022.10046844
  • Becoming a learning organisation - learning to change, change for learning: an IT case study   Order a copy of this article
    by Kala S. Retna 
    Abstract: This paper describes a qualitative case study of a fledgling IT organisation's espoused journey to becoming a learning organisation (LO). In particular, it examines how that change journey was informed and impacted by notions and elements embedded in Ortenblad's (2004) model of a LO. It derives insights from the organisation's experience to determine whether and how the model needs to be refined or re-interpreted for organisations pursuing the benefits of becoming a LO. The study concludes that Ortenblad's model has value in guiding such change and affirms the heightened importance of facilitating an appropriate climate for learning (CL), and of meaningfully contextualising learning processes within an organisation's formal and informal learning structure (LS), on that LO journey. The study is unique in identifying the relative influence and importance of Ortenblad's elements, the need for a more nuanced interpretation of those elements, and of evolving rather than developing a new model.
    Keywords: learning organisation; workplace learning; climate for learning; learning structure; organisational learning; IT sector.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2022.10047161

Special Issue on: Sustainable Development of e-Environment

  • The relationship between the self-learning skills and attitude of Shoubak University College students towards using the e-learning system (Moodle)   Order a copy of this article
    by Omar M. Mahasneh 
    Abstract: The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between the self-learning skills that students acquire and their attitude towards using the e-learning system (Moodle). However, studies which examine the relationship between self-learning skills and students attitudes towards using the e-learning system have thus far been rare. This study adopted a descriptive correlation design and data were largely descriptive by nature. Two sets of questionnaires, namely, self-learning skills (SLS) and attitude towards using the e-learning system (ATUES) were used for data collection constructed by the researcher. The research reported in this study was carried out on 182 students at Shoubak University College. The results confirmed a strong relationship between the self-learning skills acquired by the students and their attitude towards using the e-learning system (Moodle). The level of self-learning skills acquisition by students was moderate, and it was concluded that students should have awareness regarding self-learning skills for the betterment of their future and the society as well. The results also showed that the students attitudes towards using the e-learning system are positive; as such, self-learning skills acquisition by students should be improved, so that they are able to use the e-learning system (Moodle) effectively.
    Keywords: self-learning skills; SLS; Shoubak University College; e-learning system; Moodle.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035535
  • New e-business model: undergraduate study program search system   Order a copy of this article
    by Aleksei Iurasov 
    Abstract: Students who have graduated from high schools across the EU member states can choose from a wide variety of study programs and universities at which to pursue their degree studies. Each combination of a university and study program is unique, which further complicates student choice. Lack of information transparency regarding the unique characteristics of each combination of a university and study program exacerbates the already inefficient allocation of resources in education and the delayed employment of graduates. Bridging the gap between secondary and higher education by creating a new e-business model undergraduate study program search system may help solve the problem.
    Keywords: e-business; electronic business; data analytics; innovation; USPSS; education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035252
  • Developing a collaborative framework for wine bottling facilities   Order a copy of this article
    by Marianca Koegelenberg, Joubert Van Eeden, Loius Louw, Daniel Palm 
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper sought to develop a collaborative framework that provides wine bottling facilities, wine cellars and their direct supply chain partner guidelines to facilitate a collaborative partnership aiming to aid responsive decision making and improve reliability. The framework was developed using a triangulation approach, consisting of an in-depth literature review, 14 semi-structured interviews with industry experts and a theoretical case study. The developed framework was presented to wine bottling facilities and their supply chain stakeholders. Indication are that the proposed wine industry collaborative framework should enhance supply chain collaboration and will contribute towards the guidance and facilitation in developing collaboration platforms to align supply chain operations, while improving bottling responsiveness and meeting demand requirements.
    Keywords: design requirements; framework; wine supply chain; collaboration; planning; forecasting; replenishment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035435
  • Bibliometric analysis of information communication technology for sustainable development: a machine-learning-based approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Rudolph Oosthuizen, Leon Pretorius 
    Abstract: Publication of research outputs is a method of researchers to capture their knowledge generated. Analysing the publication topics and trends in a research field can provide insight into the main research trends. A bibliometric analysis, based on the topics from published literature, provides insight into the focus areas and trends of a research field. The objective of this paper is to extract the main research topics from papers on sustainable development and information communication technology. The research topics are extracted from the abstracts and titles of papers using machine-learning for topic modelling. This paper identified the topics of knowledge management, design process, social change, and smart systems, as the primary focus of research into information communication technology for sustainable development. A deeper analysis into smart systems identified quality of citizen life, solutions for the urban setting, energy, and the environment as key research concerns.
    Keywords: sustainable development; information communication technology; natural language processing; NLP; topic modelling; research; bibliometric; literature; machine-learning; knowledge; research trends; research roadmap; abstracts; titles.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036646
  • Digitalisation and sustainable supply chain strategy: an instrument for improving efficiencies in the public healthcare sector   Order a copy of this article
    by Munyaradzi Bvuchete, Sara Grobbelaar, Joubert Van Eeden 
    Abstract: In developing nations, health systems are still fragmented, especially components such as public supply chain and procurement systems, often resulting in medicine stock-outs at last mile health facilities. Sophisticated systems are needed to address these challenges, often in alignment with a demand driven supply chain management (DDSCM) strategy which has been gaining momentum in other industries. If the vision of DDSCM is to be realised, most processes must become digitised and a critical element will be the evolution of traditional supply chains toward a connected, smart, and highly efficient supply chain ecosystem driven by actual demand information. This paper identifies DDSCM dimensions and map out the interrelationships between them. Validation of the interrelationships are put forward through a survey of 78 subject matter experts. To guide decision makers on how the framework is used, case study results were used to generate a scenario to test the applicability of the tool in the public healthcare supply chain network. More broadly, the findings in this paper reveal that digital implementation, decision support and DDSCM supply chain strategy can enhance efficiency in the supply chain.
    Keywords: demand driven supply chain management; DDSCM; digitalisation; sustainability; healthcare.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036752
  • Factors affecting the cost of poor quality management in the South African manufacturing sector: structural equation modelling   Order a copy of this article
    by Bheki B.S. Makhanya, Hannelie Nel, Jan Harm C. Pretorius 
    Abstract: The manufacturing sector is facing an increase in product recall which damages the brand images and customer goodwill. The main purpose of this research was to explore the direct, indirect and total effects of quality management factors toward management of the cost of poor quality in the South African manufacturing sector. The study proposed the theoretical model based on the literature reviewed and tested the proposition using structural equation modelling in AMOS 26. The empirical data were collected from 119 managers from the South African manufacturing industry and the snowball sampling provided the ability to identify the target group. The findings identified process management and business result focus to have a statistically significant total effect on cost of poor quality. The contribution of this paper lies on the observed effects of quality management factors which could be used by managers to prioritise their efforts toward management of the cost of poor quality.
    Keywords: leadership; customer focus; employee focus; business result focus; process management; cost of poor quality; structural equation modelling; SEM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037061
  • Risk management application in South African power utility construction projects   Order a copy of this article
    by Modisakoma J. Kgosietsile, Bheki B.S. Makhanya, Jan Harm C. Pretorius 
    Abstract: South Africas largest electricity producer has embarked on mega investments to build new power stations. This paper reports on the risk management maturity level, risk management processes.. The research adopted the survey research method and self-administrated questions to collect primary data. The investigation targeted the total population of 100 engineers, technical managers, safety officers and quality officers. The researchers collected a total of 44 useful responses. The research established that the overall risk management maturity at the intermediate level. The risk response planning and risk monitoring were identified as processes that need improvement. The risk factors in the South African power utility construction projects were a lack of pre-planning, the level of contractors performance, community unrest, labour unrest, safety incidents, defective work and poor risk management skills. The paper has both theoretical and practical implications despite the limitations associated with the study design.
    Keywords: project; project management; construction management; risk; risk management; construction.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037558
  • Techno-organisational factors of eHealth acceptance: a system dynamics model   Order a copy of this article
    by Getnet B. Fanta, Leon Pretorius, Louwrence Erasmus 
    Abstract: The sustained use of eHealth is influenced by the dynamic and nonlinear interactions of technological, social, organisational and economic factors. However, most eHealth implementation frameworks are modelled linearly without capturing the complex relationship among elements of the ecosystem to ensure technology acceptance. The model-based theory-building research approach followed in this study aimed at enhancing the understanding of techno-organisational factors influence on the acceptance of eHealth technology. A qualitative research approach and system dynamics modelling are applied to develop a system dynamic model of techno-organisational factors of eHealth acceptance. The average workforce turnover showed a stronger influence on the simulated acceptance rate of both eHMIS and SmartCare systems in the techno-organisational dimension. Therefore, retaining skilled workforces in the healthcare organisation should be the focus in the techno-organisational dimension of sustainable eHealth implementation to increase the acceptance rate of eHMIS and SmartCare in Ethiopia.
    Keywords: techno-organisation; eHealth; SmartCare; ICT for health; digital health; EMR; eHMIS; technology acceptance; system dynamics modelling; simulation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10038461