Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Learning and Change

International Journal of Learning and Change (IJLC)

Forthcoming articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication but are pending final changes, are not yet published and may not appear here in their final order of publication until they are assigned to issues. Therefore, the content conforms to our standards but the presentation (e.g. typesetting and proof-reading) is not necessarily up to the Inderscience standard. Additionally, titles, authors, abstracts and keywords may change before publication. Articles will not be published until the final proofs are validated by their authors.

Forthcoming articles must be purchased for the purposes of research, teaching and private study only. These articles can be cited using the expression "in press". For example: Smith, J. (in press). Article Title. Journal Title.

Articles marked with this shopping trolley icon are available for purchase - click on the icon to send an email request to purchase.

Online First articles are published online here, before they appear in a journal issue. Online First articles are fully citeable, complete with a DOI. They can be cited, read, and downloaded. Online First articles are published as Open Access (OA) articles to make the latest research available as early as possible.

Open AccessArticles marked with this Open Access icon are Online First articles. They are freely available and openly accessible to all without any restriction except the ones stated in their respective CC licenses.

Register for our alerting service, which notifies you by email when new issues are published online.

We also offer which provide timely updates of tables of contents, newly published articles and calls for papers.

International Journal of Learning and Change (53 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Education Quality Comparing between Official Measurement Scale and Inter-counterparts’ Perception: A New Horizon for Learning Assessment   Order a copy of this article
    by Gazi Mahabubul Alam, Md. Abdur Rahman Forhad 
    Abstract: Referring to the official measurement scale, global evidences confirm that 'education quality' has continuously been improving. On the other hand, studies examining the role of education discover that education continuously fails to play the desired role. Therefore, claims are made that education quality is denting. Keeping this view in mind, this research is conducted to assess the education quality, making a comparison between the official measurement scale and inter-counterparts perception. Both primary and secondary data are used. According to the official measurement scale, education quality has been improved substantially for every provision-primary to tertiary. Apparently, the entire system functions well where performances and education quality of all provisions are synchronised. On the other hand, inter-counterparts perception indicates that education quality of all provisions deteriorates gradually and they live in an isolation. This research suggested a new horizon for assessment which would ensure substantial learning outcomes; helping the developing world.
    Keywords: education quality; quality education; synchronised education system; supply and demand sides; education quality; 21st century.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10030306
  • Sustainable Achievement of Selective KPIs of Different Players in Education: An Update for Policy Discourse and Role of Tertiary Education   Order a copy of this article
    by Gazi Mahabubul Alam, Md. Abdur Rahman Forhad 
    Abstract: Key performance indicator (KPI) has become a fundamental part of evaluation that focuses on either an individual or a system. Setting KPIs and their revisions is a continuous process that is often determined through either an agreeable or a heated discussion. This paper is the first to investigate the achievement of KPIs of different players in education using Bangladesh as a case study. Because of the nature of policy discourse research, secondary data are used from the designated agencies. Increasing enrolment with the assurance of high-quality education was determined as the prime KPI for primary/secondary provisions. Quantitative KPIs are achieved, which is unsustainable. Both public and private sectors are players in tertiary education; none of them accomplish the prime KPI setup, which consists of research. The need to supply job-ready graduates is ignored. This study suggests that new policy must be formed to attain a sustainable achievement of KPIs.
    Keywords: KPIs in education; key players in education; sustainable achievement; 21st century; education policy.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10030307
  • Augmented reality strategy for understanding legal literacy   Order a copy of this article
    by Mohd Faiz Mohd Yaakob, Aliff Nawi, Mat Rahimi Yusoff, Marini Kasim 
    Abstract: Teaching and learning involving postgraduates require a better level of instruction than at undergraduate and diploma levels. In the process of building a better understanding among postgraduate students, lecturers need to research teaching weaknesses to improve teaching quality all the time. Hence, the objective of this study was to enhance the understanding of the educational law course, among postgraduate students, using augmented reality (AR). The study used action research methods, and the findings showed that students understanding did improve after an intervention. The results of this study can assist in academic development in education and recommend improvements to education policy-makers
    Keywords: augmented reality; teaching and learning; action research.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10030942
  • The most important factors for employers in Latvia in the recruitment process   Order a copy of this article
    by Anita Lice, Biruta Sloka 
    Abstract: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the opinion of employers on the factors that are the most important for employers in Latvia in the recruitment process, considering increasingly global and changing labour market. Total of 750 companies participated in this research. A list of 17 skills, competencies and attitudes, important for individual employability in changing labour markets, was rated using a four-point Likert scale. A notable result is that employers value attitudes, emotional and self-management competencies the most when hiring potential employees, which are followed by social competencies, and only then professional competencies and experience. Three complex factors that are important for employers in the recruitment process were identified as a result of factor analysis. Research provides easily acquirable information for various stakeholders in the area of human resource planning and development.
    Keywords: attitudes; competencies; employability; factors; skills; skills demand; recruitment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10031026
  • Flipped learning pedagogy: modelling the challenges for higher education in India   Order a copy of this article
    by Namita Sravat, Pairote Pathranarakul 
    Abstract: 'Flipped learning' is a pedagogical approach that has the potential to enhance the learning experiences of students and inculcate life-long learning skills for the ever-changing job requirements of this fast evolving world. This study is an effort towards identifying the current state and challenges for flipped learning pedagogy in higher education institutes in India. A mixedmethods approach was adopted to address the research question 'Why are educators not adopting flipped learning pedagogy?' Altogether, 11 broad challenges were identified, which were modelled using the total interpretive structural modelling (TISM) technique. Based on this model, the awareness and willingness of management is the most important factor in implementing flipped learning. Management intervention and the facilitation of needed support can address the other underlying challenges identified in this study. The framework presented can help policy makers in India to support the adoption of flipped learning pedagogy to a greater extent.
    Keywords: flipped learning; pedagogy; higher education; total interpretive structural modelling; TISM; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10031664
  • Critical thinking: student-centred teaching approach and personalised learning, as well as previous education achievements, contribute to critical thinking skills of students   Order a copy of this article
    by Nazmi Xhomara 
    Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the impact of student-centred teaching approach, personalised learning, and previous education achievements on critical thinking skills. The quantitative correlational approach, the structured questionnaire, and the cluster random sample (N = 214) were selected to be used in the study. It is found a strong positive correlation between student-centred teaching and critical thinking skills (r = 0.555), meanwhile, personalised learning, as well as previous education achievements, correlates positively and significantly with critical thinking skills (r = 0.369; r = 0.424). Student-centred teaching and previous education achievements are strong predictors of critical thinking skills.
    Keywords: student-centred teaching; personalised learning; previous education; critical thinking.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10032227
  • Gender Perception of Factors Determining Entrepreneurial Interest among College of Business Students in Dammam Saudi Arabia   Order a copy of this article
    by Yusuf Opeyemi Akinwale, Aljohara Khalid Ababtain, Olawale Rafiu Olaopa 
    Abstract: This study investigates the independent level of entrepreneurial interest between male and female business college university students in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, and the factors influencing their entrepreneurial interests from the gender perspective. The chi-square result revealed there is no statistical difference between male and female students, thus signifying that they are both equally interested in starting their own business. The results of logistic regression indicated that attitude towards behaviour, entrepreneurship education, self-efficacy, government support, university context and risk-taking have greater likelihood to influence entrepreneurial interests of female and male students, since their odd-ratios are greater than 1. More so, attitude towards behaviour, self-efficacy, government support, university context, relational support and risk-taking are statistically significant in influencing females entrepreneurial interests. Meanwhile attitude towards behaviour, entrepreneurship education, self-efficacy and university context are significant in influencing males entrepreneurial interests. Hence, governmental, relational and university supports should be fostered to improve students entrepreneurial interests.
    Keywords: entrepreneurial interest; university students; gender; Saudi Arabia; entrepreneurship; attitude towards behaviour; self-efficacy; university.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10032280
  • Understanding consumers adoption of mobile banking in Nigeria: an empirical investigation   Order a copy of this article
    by Adam Konto Kyari, Faisal Abdullah Al Hudithi 
    Abstract: This study investigates the factors influencing consumers adoption of mobile banking in Nigeria using the innovation of diffusion theory. Data was collected via a five-point Likert questionnaire and analysed using factor analysis and multiple regression model. Revealed here is the fact that relative advantage, observability and complexity have positive effects on mobile banking adoption, while compatibility, trialability and perceived risk have a negative impact. On the basis of these findings, the study concludes that Nigerian bank customers have a reasonable amount of computer knowledge but are not willing to take any risks. Equally, as a greater percentage of respondents lack three years or more mobile banking experience, the study concludes that mobile banking is not well accepted in Nigeria. While these conclusions are valid for this study, further research is recommended for longitudinal analyses to cover consumers longer time making decisions on accepting mobile banking services.
    Keywords: consumers; mobile banking; adoption; satisfaction; diffusion; Nigeria.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10032776
  • Problem-based learning model with a scientific approach to improve higher order thinking skills   Order a copy of this article
    by S.W. Utomo, S. Joyoatmojo, S. Yutmini, N. Suryani 
    Abstract: This research aims to obtain a learning model that can improve higher order thinking skills in financial reporting of accounting. The model was developed using four stages of research and development (R&D): 1) preliminary research; 2) development; 3) testing for limited scale; 4) testing for wide-scale. The population of this research is the Accounting Vocational School in Madiun. For limited scale test, it was concluded that there were significant differences in HOTS and learning achievement scores before and after implementation of the model (sig. < 0.05), but Ngain for HOTS and learning achievement 0.110 (low) and 0.08 (stable). For test wide-scale class, It was concluded that there were significant differences in HOTS and learning achievement in experiment class (sig. < 0.05), with Ngain for HOTS and learning achievement 0.183 (low) and 0.30 (medium) for SMKN 2 Jiwan and 0.11 (low) and 0.105 (low) for SMK 5 Madiun.
    Keywords: problem-based learning; PBL; scientific approach; higher order thinking skills; HOTS.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10033404
  • Environment kinesis and organisational adaptability: effects of EUs General Data Protection Regulation on the Danish software industry   Order a copy of this article
    by Bruno F. Abrantes, Anuradha Venkataraman 
    Abstract: Strategy theory recognises outer general environmental mutations in the legal landscape as compelling dynamic forces of business competition. Thus, the latest EU directive on data protection constitutes an uncharted event for testing organisational adaptability. This research aims to understand the impact of GDPR and the endeavours towards the strategic fitness of firm. Thus, a theoretical critical review addresses both the field of business-level strategy and the GDPR phenomenon. An exploratory case research focuses upon the target population of SMEs with a purposive sample and embedded units seek the saturation point of data within the case, and the attainment of analytical generalisation. A mono-method of vis-a-vis enquiry articulates with content analysis. The latter encompasses an aprioristic design and an unbiasing protocol. An environment change seems to generate a double looping effect in the business ecosystem. Effects are dyadic, comprising a zero-sum logic (strategy adaptation), and a positive-sum (business and environmental evolvement).
    Keywords: data protection; General Data Protection Regulation; GDPR; organisational adaptability; strategic agility; strategic drift; strategic fitness.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10033872
  • Does concept mapping improve students' emotional intelligence?   Order a copy of this article
    by Huthaifah I. Khrais, Ali M. Saleh 
    Abstract: In response to healthcare reform, nursing education needs to expand beyond linear thinking and towards conceptual thinking as patients needs become more complex. Concept mapping is an interactive visual tool that may encourage many cognitive and emotive processing tasks. The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of concept mapping in improving Jordanian nursing students emotional intelligence. A two-group, pre-test-post-test quasiexperimental research design was used in this study. One hundred fifteen nursing students from a university participated in this study. Emotional intelligence was improved significantly in nursing students who exposed to the concept mapping (n = 58) than nursing students in the control group (n = 57). Schutte emotional intelligence scale indicated to [F (1, 109) = 47.66, P < .001, partial 2 = .53]. Findings support the importance of students centred pedagogies in improving students emotional intelligence as they feel more confident with the learning process.
    Keywords: emotional intelligence; concept mapping; pedagogy; nursing; Jordan.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10034292
  • Organisational learning in gender mainstreaming: openings and barriers for implementation and change   Order a copy of this article
    by Elias Andersson, Kristina Johansson 
    Abstract: The relation between the concepts and practices of gender mainstreaming and organisational learning, and its prerequisite for change, is not well understood in either research or practice. Drawing on a participatory design process of a model for assessing the potential of gender equality interventions to change gendered organisations, this study explores the relation between gender mainstreaming and the concepts and practices of organisational learning and learning organisations to improve the capacity of organisations to undertake developmental and organisational change. The findings stress the effect of the organisational context and logics on the level of distinctness in the goals and processes of gender equality work and organisational learning. By highlighting the interrelation between organisational logics in relation to the processes of organisational change, learning and integration, the results thereby revealed how a more formal and technocratic approach creates both potential openings for and barriers to organisational change and learning.
    Keywords: logic; tool; design; capacity; integration; organisation; power.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10034732
  • How to increase hotel employee organisational job embeddedness: management commitment to safety perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Munir Shehu Mashi, Ahmad Aljumah, Isyaku Salisu 
    Abstract: There are many problems with staff turnover in the hospitality industry. Drawing from social exchange and conservation of resources theories, this study extends and tests a theoretical model of organisational job embeddedness using a confirmatory analysis. The data was collected from 202 frontline hotel employees working in Abuja through a structured questionnaire and analysed using SmartPLS 3.2.6. The findings show that distributive justice, procedural justice and perceived job security predict organisational job embeddedness. Further, management commitment to safety moderated the links between the predictors constructs and organisational job embeddedness. The relationship between procedural justice and perceived job security on organisational job embeddedness is stronger for hotels with a high level of management commitment to safety, but not for hotels with a low level of management commitment to safety. However, unexpectedly, the relationship between distributive justice and organisational job embeddedness is stronger for hotels with a low level of management commitment to safety, but not for hotels with high levels of management commitment to safety. Implications and future research directions are provided.
    Keywords: organisational job embeddedness; distributive justice; procedural justice; perceived job security; hotel employees.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10034762
  • Challenges and opportunities for the development of schools as learning organisations in the Greek context   Order a copy of this article
    by Manolis Koutouzis, Asimina Papazoglou 
    Abstract: Greece is going through a transitional period. The severe socio-economic crisis has left its mark on the country while the pandemic crisis is undoubtedly going to delay the recovery. This conceptual paper aims to explore the school as a learning organisation (SLO) in the Greek context, analyse challenges and opportunities for transforming Greek schools into SLOs and outline the roadmap for such a crucial transformation. Specifically, it includes a theoretical discussion on the applicability of the SLO concept in the Greek context, combining an in-depth analysis of the extant literature and four key aspects that should be considered for developing SLOs in Greece. Developing SLOs can lead to school effectiveness and improve Greeces well-being. Integrating the learning philosophy into their daily practice, schools in Greece will enhance teachers professional development, work effectiveness and well-being, as well as students well-being and academic performance. However, specific steps need to be taken, in both school and system level, to support this development.
    Keywords: Greek context; school as learning organisation; SLO; socio-economic crisis; pandemic crisis; roadmap; change.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035257
  • Qualitative study on critical traits of teacher for effective teaching in higher education institutions   Order a copy of this article
    by Amit Joshi, Preeti Bhaskar 
    Abstract: It is not only the intelligence quotient (IQ) that make a good teacher, but there are other traits required by teachers for effective teaching. This present study aims to identify the critical traits of teachers for effective in higher education institutions (HEIs) and also intend to outline the framework for effective teaching. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) of qualitative research methodology has been used in this research. In this research, teachers from higher education institutions have been selected as the respondent to understand the critical traits required for effective teaching. This research found that teachers passion, self-efficacy, creativity, humour, paralanguage, and immediacy are critical traits for effective teaching. The teaching framework highlights that each critical trait has an impact in the classroom management and students performance.
    Keywords: critical teachers traits; effective teaching; higher education institutions; HEIs; interpretative phenomenological analysis; IPA.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035530
  • Lecturers perspective on student-centred pedagogy in the professional accounting education   Order a copy of this article
    by Nor Farizal Mohammed, Azizah Abdullah, Afizah Hashim 
    Abstract: Despite the importance of professional accounting education to the accounting profession, the issue of learning and delivering the approach of professional accounting education is under-researched. This paper examined whether student-centred pedagogy, is ideal for the professional accounting education from the perspective of professional accounting lecturers, in an emerging country where the learning and political environment differs from the western countries. Drawing upon 14 semi-structured interviews, the paper offers evidence on the views on student-centred pedagogy in professional accounting education, the challenges in implementing it, the current landscape of professional accounting education and the way forward. The main challenge in professional accounting education is the urge to pass the examination where the assessment is entirely from the final examination. The findings of this paper offer important implications for regulators, policymakers and education educators in devising the accounting education system in emerging countries like Malaysia and the Asia-Pacific region, where the learning environment is passive.
    Keywords: teacher-centred; student-centred; pedagogy; Malaysia; professional accounting education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035731
  • Research skills and academic efficiency relationship: Al Ain University case   Order a copy of this article
    by Suad Abdalkareem Alwaely, Tarek Al-Yateem, Abdallah J. Abusalma 
    Abstract: The importance of university research for technological and social development is steadily growing all over the world. Therefore, continuous evaluation and enhancement of university instructors efficiency and competence are crucial. This study intended to assess the efficiency of educators of the Faculty of Education at Al Ain University and identify the extent to which they possess scientific research skills according to the educators themselves. Research aimed at examining the nature of the relationship between research abilities and efficiency and educators gender, academic rank, and teaching experience. To achieve these objectives, the authors designed separate scales for scientific research skills and efficiency evaluation and applied them to 38 instructors of the Faculty of Education at Al Ain University (UAE). It was found that faculty members extent of possessing scientific research skills and efficiency in self-assessment of educators was moderate. Statistically significant Pearson correlation differences were found between the self-assessment of research abilities and gender (in favour of the males, .830), academic rank (in favour of those of the professor rank .616), and teaching experience (in favour of those with 10+ years of experience .614). No statistically significant correlation was revealed between the respondents gender (significance level 0.636) and efficiency (significance level 0.614).
    Keywords: university efficiency; faculty members; education development; university evaluation; scientific research skills.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036207
  • The impact of school culture on the academic progress of deaf learners in Tanzanian inclusive schools   Order a copy of this article
    by Ildephonce Mkama, Claudine Storbeck 
    Abstract: The learning situation of deaf students in inclusive secondary education in Tanzania has witnessed a decade of struggle and choice on the best inclusion modality. This has resulted in an inconsistency in the accommodation of deaf students in inclusive schools. In this respect, this study was conducted to explore how the culture of a school has contributed to the academic progress of deaf students in the first decade of inclusive education. The study, therefore, employed phenomenology methods in collecting and analysing the data. The findings show that schools have not been able to change their cultures to accommodate deaf students. Hence, the learning of most students in secondary education takes place in a regular culture of the school. As a result, most of them have not only failed to reach the next levels of their education cycle but also dropped out of school. Therefore, we recommend that for the building of an equitable learning space for deaf students in an inclusive school, the curriculum should be adapted to the bimodal-bicultural model.
    Keywords: inclusive education; deaf students; academic progress; deaf culture; Tanzania.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036413
  • The correlation and prediction of depth of vocabulary knowledge to academic reading comprehension of EFL tertiary learners   Order a copy of this article
    by Md. Kamrul Hasan, Prodhan Mahbub Ibna Seraj, Muhammad Waleed Shehzad 
    Abstract: An in-depth investigation of vocabulary depth knowledge by lexical researchers plays a prominent role in language learning and teaching. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the extent of relationship and prediction of the three constitutes of vocabulary depth knowledge (i.e., analytic relations, morphological knowledge, and depth of vocabulary knowledge test which was represented by paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations) to reading comprehension. Therefore, this study employed standard multiple regression analysis under quantitative approach amongst undergraduate EFL learners. The results of the study show that a significant and strong correlation existed between adapted analytic relations aspect of vocabulary depth knowledge and reading comprehension, and also analytic relations made statistically the most significant unique prediction (which had the largest impact on) to reading comprehension. The study concludes that there are significant correlations and prediction of three components of vocabulary depth knowledge to reading comprehension. The inclusion of analytic relations with paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations and morphological knowledge, which represented vocabulary depth knowledge, has added to the body of lexical knowledge.
    Keywords: vocabulary depth; correlation; contribution; analytic relations; academic reading comprehension.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036567
  • Efficacy of innovative instructional strategies: effect of learning games strategy on students learning outcome in social studies classroom   Order a copy of this article
    by Sunday Obro 
    Abstract: Whether the innovative instructional strategy of learning games would significantly increase, students learning outcome in the experimental groups and control groups were examined. The study is a quasi-experimental research, which examined the effect of learning games instructional strategy on students learning outcomes in upper basic eight classroom setting. The study sample comprised of 192 students randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups. The instrument employed for the study was a learning outcome test instrument which comprised of fifty (50) multiple-choice questions. Hypotheses were tested using ANCOVA. After experimentation, the results showed that students instructed using learning games had improved learning outcomes in comparison to those instructed with the lecture strategy (control group), there is no statistically significant influence of gender on students learning outcomes. This study provides empirical evidence of the efficacy of using learning games instructional strategy in boosting students learning outcomes.
    Keywords: efficacy; learning games; instructional strategies; innovative instructional strategies; social studies; learning outcome.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036645
  • The impact of verbal and mathematical intelligences as well as visual and auditory learning styles on students academic achievements   Order a copy of this article
    by Nazyktere Hasani, Nazmi Xhomara 
    Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between verbal and mathematical intelligences, visual and auditory learning styles and students achievements, as well as the impact of verbal and mathematical intelligences, and visual and auditory learning styles on students achievements. A non-equivalent control group post-test only design quasi-experimental research design was used in the study. A structured questionnaire was used to gather the primary data from the students in the study. The results indicated that verbal-linguistic intelligence as well as the logical-mathematical intelligence are predictors of students academic achievements. It is found that the visual learning style as an independent variable is not a predictor of students academic achievements. Meanwhile, the study revealed that the auditory learning style as an independent variable is a predictor of students academic achievements. It is found that, the total variance of students academic achievements explained by the verbal and mathematical intelligences, visual and auditory learning styles, (the whole model) is 14.5%. The study also revealed that verbal-linguistic intelligence explains 33.1% of the variance; logical-mathematical intelligence explains 1.6% of the variance; visual learning style explains 2.4% of the variance; and auditory learning style explains 19.6% of the variance in students academic achievements.
    Keywords: verbal intelligence; mathematical intelligence; visual learning style; auditory learning style; academic achievements.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036759
  • VI Learner app: expanding learning possibilities for visually impaired students   Order a copy of this article
    by Debabala Swain, Sony Snigdha Sahoo 
    Abstract: People with visual impairment are facing endless hurdles to meet their basic learning provisions. The education system of our country seriously lack in facilities that can enable them to have a smooth education. Thus visual impairment is affecting social and cognitive development of such individuals. Therefore, it has become imperative, to arrange technology that can assist them in learning. And what can be better than using smart phones for the purpose. Moreover, with the advent of voice assistants like Alexa, Google assistant and Cortana, anyone can interact with a system over voice. Bearing this in mind, we have devised an android-based teaching learning application, for addressing the educational needs of a visually challenged person. An extensive survey has been carried out and responses have been collected from the visually challenged students and teachers. The developed application has been named as VI Learner app. It works with the built-in screen reader and can be operated using hand gestures over the display screen, in online as well as offline mode. This paper explores the need of such an all-in-one application. The assessment system for the students on the VI Learner app has also been presented.
    Keywords: visual impairment; learner app; voice assistants; text-to-speech; TTS; self-assessment system.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036836
  • Quantitative analysis of perception ability in autism spectrum disorder   Order a copy of this article
    by Tanu Wadhera, Deepti Kakkar, Joy Karan Singh, Nonita Sharma, Rajneesh Rani 
    Abstract: The perception ability has attained much recognition in the identification of cognitive processing and decision-making in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) individuals. However, the prior studies have subjectively worked on perception ability using conditioning paradigms that can be intolerable for ASD individuals. The present paper quantitatively investigates the perception ability of ASD individuals by modelling visual judgment and statistical learning. Thirty ASD and typically developing (TD) individuals are selected for experimenting distinguishing animated images related to risk situations with different risk levels. The experimental paradigm-based behavioural measures (reaction time, d index, and accuracy) revealed that ASD individuals, although performed poorly than TDs, they visually and statistically perceived the risk. Quantitatively, the perception level in ASD is (mean 0.57 +- 0.02) in the range [0 1]. In comparison to TDs, the attenuated visual and statistical learning during the experiment could lead to impaired perception in ASD. However, when statistical learning comes into action (comparing performance in block 1 and block 6), it played a crucial role in improving visual knowledge; thus, the perception ability of ASD individuals. In the future, the studies can implicate the quantitative perception to identify other deficits in the ASD phenotype.
    Keywords: autism; judgment; perception; quantitative; risk-sense; safety knowledge; statistical learning; visual understanding.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037017
  • Experimental design for data collection to study the association between sports participation and academic achievement   Order a copy of this article
    by Ruwan P. Premaraja 
    Abstract: This study focuses on the experimental design concept to test the association between academic achievement and sports participation of secondary students. This association was tested using qualitative and quantitative data analysis through a case study. Findings displayed a similarity with the conceptual model by Fejgin, 1994, with three strategies being identical: daily attendance, expansion of energy and school engagement. Additionally, inculcating patience, motivation to engage in learning, and improving concentration on studies were identified, extending an improved model to be used for future studies. Although a small sample was used in the study, findings reveal that participation in sport activities resulted in a direct academic improvement for 60% and progress from a lower average to higher average for 20% of students. Based on the extended model, data gathering instruments were designed for an extensive study which will provide empirical evidence to students, parents, teachers, school administrators and curriculum planners to make informed decisions.
    Keywords: academic achievement; daily attendance; expansion of energy; experimental design; school engagement; sport participation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037152
  • Examining the inter-relationship between leadership styles, organisational learning capability and job satisfaction: an empirical study of Indian IT companies   Order a copy of this article
    by Deepti Pathak, Poornima Madan, Shalini Srivastava 
    Abstract: The rationale of this paper is to investigate the inter-relationships among leadership styles, organisational learning capability and job satisfaction. In particular, it aims to analyse whether the leadership styles impacts the learning capability of an organisation and job satisfaction level of its employees or not. 200 Managers from various management levels at IT companies in the Delhi/NCR, India, were surveyed. Descriptive statistics, correlations and moderated regression analysis were used to assess the data. The study found a significant association of transactional and transformational leadership styles with organisational learning capability. However, in case of their association with job satisfaction, only transformational leadership style showed a significant one. The study also found a significant moderating effect of transformational leadership style on organisational learning capability and job satisfaction relationship. The results are of utmost significance as it gives valuable insights about the preferred leadership style by the managers that help them towards enhancing their organisational learning capability and job satisfaction.
    Keywords: leadership styles; organisational learning capability; OLC; job satisfaction; IT sector; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037370
  • Teachers' intention to adopt virtual reality technology in management education   Order a copy of this article
    by Kriti Priya Gupta, Preeti Bhaskar 
    Abstract: The present study explores the role of teachers personal dispositional factors in determining their willingness to adopt virtual reality (VR) applications in teaching. Premised in the Indian context, the study focuses on the perceptions of B-school teachers regarding the adoption of VR technology in the management discipline of higher education. The proposed model was empirically tested using cross sectional design. The primary data was gathered through a survey of 508 teachers at 50 B-schools in the NCR of Delhi, India. Exploratory factor analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to statistically analyse the data. The findings of the study suggest that the technology-related personal characteristics of teachers such as, computer expertise, computer self-efficacy, and personal innovativeness; personality traits such as, extraversion, conscientiousness and openness to experience; and demographic characteristic such as age, significantly predict the intention of teachers regarding adoption of VR technology in management education.
    Keywords: virtual reality; management education; teachers; personality traits; personal characteristics.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037900
  • Hybrid project management solutions with multi-geographical teams   Order a copy of this article
    by Catarina Bragança, Rui M. Lima, Leandro Pereira, Tiago Mateus 
    Abstract: Delivering a project has several challenges to be addressed, and to mitigate them, multiple approaches have arisen and suggested as best practices to stakeholders satisfaction. This research presents a proposal to manage communication inside a virtual project team, adapting concepts from traditional and agile approaches into a hybrid framework, created using the action research spiral approach to evaluate the performance. It was possible to implement three action-research cycles, considering the spiral approach, starting will a diagnosis of the team, followed by action planning and implementation in a two month cycle, finishing with evaluation of the results and collection of feedbacks and potentials improvements. This paper describes all the process, tools and communication structure implemented in a product development project team of an industrial company for a period of six months. The results show that the team became project oriented, increasing trust among members and the alignment of dependencies between areas.
    Keywords: project management; communication management; stakeholder management; virtual project teams; VPT; hybrid project management.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10038361
  • The level of legal consciousness in pedagogical college students   Order a copy of this article
    by Galiya Nazkhanova, Natalya Khan, Gulzira Abdullayeva, Ardak Kalimoldayeva, Asan Abdrakhmanov 
    Abstract: The issue of legal personality formation within consciousness of students in pedagogical institutions is of great importance. The aim of the article was to determine legal consciousness initial condition of pedagogical college students and to propose ways to improve it. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that pedagogical college students form a possibility of transferring moral and psychological patterns which includes their legal consciousness in their future professional activity. The key basis within the research structure is represented with definition of legal consciousness initial values and development of methods aimed at its correcting. The initial values and their impact on programs of students legal consciousness formation are determined. It was found that flexible strategy of legal consciousness level increase can provide full integration of the present aspect into legal framework of teaching process.
    Keywords: legal consciousness; students; education college; formation; initial condition.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10038682
  • Effect of metacognitive learning strategies on English language performance among students in Kenya   Order a copy of this article
    by Justin Momanyi Omare, Peter J.O. Aloka, Robert Onyango Ochieng 
    Abstract: The study investigated the effect of metacognitive learning strategies on academic performance in English language among students in public secondary schools in Kenya. The study adopted Solomon four experimental group design. The participants comprised 283 Grade 11 students from four public secondary schools. The study utilised a modified standardised metacognitive learning strategy questionnaire (MLSQ) to measure the use of metacognitive learning strategies by students in English language. Cronbachs alpha (a) was computed to investigate the internal consistency of the questionnaire and the overall reliability coefficient of a = 0.827 was reported. The findings is that there is significant difference between experimental group posttest scores (Group-3) and control group posttest scores (Group-4), t(53) = 8.095 (p < .05). The conclusion is that metacognitive learning strategies are effective in enhancing students academic performance in English language. Teachers of English language should therefore utilise metacognitive learning strategy during instruction in schools.
    Keywords: effect; metacognitive learning strategies; academic performance; English language; students; Kenya.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039178
  • Cohorts motivation and learning climate trajectories in higher education: a multi-year study   Order a copy of this article
    by Edward O. Akoto, Eunice V. Akoto, Christie Hough, Nathanael S. Campbell, Ajay K. Aggarwal 
    Abstract: We examined the higher education (HE) socialisation process via the self-determination theory (SDT) perspective over a three-year period. Goal motives and learning climate (autonomy vs. control) were compared among freshmen, sophomore, junior, senior, and graduate cohorts for the study period. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) outcome on goal motives and the learning climate supports the natural socialisation process in the HE settings. Graduate and upper-division cohorts exhibit high-quality motives (high self-regulation) and experience higher autonomy support than the lower-division cohorts. Regression analysis revealed that goal motives and college satisfaction mediate the effect of learning climate on academic performance. While the socialisation processes and satisfaction are important determinants of academic success, different motivational systems are necessary for the successful progression of students to degree completion in HE.
    Keywords: self-determination theory; SDT; goal motives; learning climate; higher education; socialisation; college satisfaction; academic performance; cohorts.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039535
  • Benefits realisation management: social impact analysis   Order a copy of this article
    by Leandro Pereira, Ricardo Santos, José Santos, Álvaro Dias, Renato Lopes Da Costa 
    Abstract: The social impact assessment and benefits management is commonly measure in social communities intervention plans. Although, its combined use lacks from a methodology or framework which can assist in measuring those benefits and impacts. To achieve this, a business case tool has been applied in order to measure the benefits and Social Toolkit has been developed to assist the social impact. The results of these measures provided a substantial incremental in terms of benefits measurements and social impact assessment in the social impact assessment of the community intervention of proximity initiative, which aims to support families affected by poverty and / or victims of social exclusion. The results have shown that has been a decrease in social exclusion and poverty reduction for needy families.
    Keywords: social impact; benefits management; social impact; intervention; business case tool.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039673
  • Lifelong learning-studying in the European higher education area with Covid-19   Order a copy of this article
    by Uwe Radtke, Doreen Kaempf 
    Abstract: Lifelong learning comprises all learning undertaken throughout life, with a view to improving knowledge, qualifications and competences within a personal, civic, social or employment-related perspective. This EU definition, which is still valid today, was laid down in the document 'Creating a European area of lifelong learning in 2001.' Lifelong learning has many advantages. Both of the authors did feel the need for some additional tasks, new knowledge and further input. As the tax law requires certain criteria to accept the costs, we did search which options the German state hold and privately hold Universities offer for a certain type of graduation, especially a diploma from a technical college. There is always a possibility for lifelong learning if that's really desired and than Covid-19 happened. Luckily the EU based universities managed that challenge maybe even better that the German universities. There is still research needed for online evaluation of students or exams and the usage of computers during the exam and it will be challenging and hard to detect and identify dishonest students.
    Keywords: doctoral; students; lifelong learning; education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039866
  • Methods and techniques of formation of arithmetic musical competence in students   Order a copy of this article
    by Nurzhamal T. Oshanova, Shirinkyz T. Shekerbekova, Ainur E. Sagimbaeva, Gylnar C. Arynova, Zhadyra S. Kazhiakparova 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to form the arithmetic musical competency of students on the basis of Al-Farabi's theoretical musical heritage. In this context, the work The Great Book of Music is of great importance. In this work, he gives not only a scientific explanation of the origin of sounds as properties of matter, but also gives an idea of the arithmetic principles of the emergence of harmony and musical melodies. As a result of this study, it was determined that the problem of the formation of arithmetic musical competence in the learning process is relatively new and insufficiently studied. Arithmetic musical competence can be formed on the basis of teaching the method of musical theory of composition Al-Farabi. This method is based on the fact that musical sounds and intervals, which are real physical phenomena, can be characterised using numbers and numerical ratios.
    Keywords: musical instruments; mathematical theory; musical competence; numerical art; interval.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039991
  • Modelling the efficiency evaluation in production enterprise applying lean management system   Order a copy of this article
    by Aurelija Burinskiene 
    Abstract: The author investigated the application of lean management system in production enterprises and highlighted the main differences between traditional management and lean management systems. Many classical qualitative methods are used for benchmarking both systems. However, classic techniques consider costs accumulation but do not include time aspect. The author applies more advanced approach to assess efficiency. The study presents cash-flow model for economic valuation of investments into lean system. According to case study, savings for production enterprise applying lean management system are higher than the size of investments required to implement system. These numbers are highly dependent on company size. The study consists of three parts. The first part describes how actively production enterprises are investing in lean management system. In the second part new cash-flow model is presented to evaluate efficiency. The third part presents practical application. It compares the activity of manufacturing company with and without lean management system.
    Keywords: cash-flow; model; lean management system; investments; economic efficiency; production enterprise.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10040240
  • Using self-regulated learning to enhance mathematics achievement among grade 11 learners in Kenya   Order a copy of this article
    by Charles Onchiri Onguti, Peter J.O. Aloka, Joseph Otula Nyakinda 
    Abstract: The study investigated the effect of self-regulated learning (SRL) on mathematics performance among learners in Kenya. The study employed Solomon four research design. A sample size of 408 grade 11 learners from four schools was obtained using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Validity of the instruments was ensured with assistance of experts in Psychology and Mathematics. Reliability of the questionnaires was ensured using the Cronbach's alpha method and all the subscales had alpha of greater than 0.7. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages and inferential statistics such as paired samples t-test was used to analyse data. The results indicate a significant difference [t(83) = 10.498, p < 0.001] between pre-test and post-test score of Experiment group which means a significant impact of treatment (training on the use of SRL techniques). The universities and teacher training colleges should infuse aspects of SRL techniques in their teacher training programs.
    Keywords: self-regulated learning; SRL; mathematics performance; learners; public; secondary schools; Kenya.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10040284
  • The teaching-learning dynamic from behaviourism to social constructionism: a communication-centred narrative   Order a copy of this article
    by Salaheddine Mnasri, Stavros Papakonstantinidis 
    Abstract: The paper explores the teacher-learner relationship and the perceived role of communication by comparing the five dominant learning theories: behaviourism, cognitivism, constructivism, humanism, and social constructionism. Prior studies argue that learning is a matter of conditioning, occurs through transmission, is brain-governed and is separable from communication. In contrast to past research, we adopt a social constructionist perspective to argue that communicating and knowing are interdependent activities. The paper offers a novel communication-centred narrative to highlight the relationship between communicating and learning. The study proposes a new model representing the teaching-learning dynamic and offers direct implications on the teacher-learner relationship, calling for a new taxonomy of learning.
    Keywords: teacher-learner relationship; learning theories; communication; social constructionism.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10040428
  • Integration of ICT in higher education during Covid-19 pandemic: a case study   Order a copy of this article
    by Abdullah M. Al-Ansi, Indah Fatmawati 
    Abstract: Information and communication technology (ICT) became an alternative approach to tackle the challenges rising of Covid-19 pandemic. Online learning depends on availability of internet, suitable infrastructure, learning management systems (LMSs) and the effective educational policies. This research aims to investigate e-learning factors in integration of ICT in higher education in Thamar University, Yemen. Sample of 264 participants including faculty members, administrative staff and students of Thamar University were selected to answer the questionnaires. Quantitative approach was conducted to analyse collected data by using SPSS. Results of this research revealed that ICT elements including internet, infrastructure and LMS have positive ad significant role in integration of ICT in higher education in Thamar University while the educational institutions’ policies play negative and insignificant role. The results also revealed the lack of universities and government’s support to facilitate e-learning during Covid-19 and suggested for more fund and training for stockholders in education.
    Keywords: internet; learning management system; LMS; e-learning; electronic learning; information and communication technology; ICT; ICT policies; higher education; developing countries.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10041196
  • A career guidance model design-based blended learning in primary schools   Order a copy of this article
    by Aprilia Tina Lidyasari, Nur Hidayah, Triyono, I.M. Hambali 
    Abstract: This research aims to develop a career guidance model design based on blended learning for primary school learners. This research combines the development model of Borg and Gall and Branch. Products development are syllabus, lesson plan, inventory, guidance, and blended learning containing career awareness materials. After being validated by the experts, the developed products showed the criteria versatile, feasible, accurate, eligible, and acceptable. Furthermore, the model was tested for its effectiveness on 28 elementary school students using a career awareness inventory with a one group pre-test post-test design and followed up by conducting a Wilcoxon analysis. The results based on the Wilcoxon showed that the z value was equal to -4,640 in asymp. sig. (two-tailed) with a score of 0.000 < 0.05. Thus the conclusion is that the career guidance model based blended learning to improve career awareness of primary school students had met the acceptability criteria and effective.
    Keywords: career guidance; blended learning; career development of primary school learners.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10041285
  • A study of human capacity building and performance of micro and small technical enterprises in Southwestern Nigeria   Order a copy of this article
    by Emmanuel Makanjuola Ogunjemilua, Titilayo Olubunmi Olaposi, Oluseye Oladayo Jegede, Matthew O. Ilori 
    Abstract: The study examined the human capacity building (HCB) of micro and small technical enterprises (MSTEs) in Southwestern Nigeria (SN). Questionnaire was administered on 300 respondents in SN. Two hundred and forty-nine (83%) retrieved were analysed for this study. The study indicates that the 31% of relationship between HCB and performance of MSTEs in the study area was significant (F2,71 = 3.712, p < 5%) and thus concludes that to improve the performance of MSTEs in the study area, their human capital has to be improved. Therefore, the study recommends that MSTEs that want to improve on their performance have to focus on capacity building activities through increase in higher educational qualifications attained and increase the frequency of workshop training attended.
    Keywords: human capacity building; HCB; technical enterprises; performance; Nigeria.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10030623
  • Content matters: an alternative view on organisational change   Order a copy of this article
    by Sijko J. Wierenga 
    Abstract: This case study shows how the content of a change initiative can be used to predict the extent to which this initiative will activate the learning process of employees and, consequently, cause them to change their working methods. The object of this case study is a school for secondary education in The Netherlands. Its management team wants to improve school results and has formulated the content of the change as an elaboration of the ideology of professionalism. Both the change content and the employees' cognitions are analysed by means of a mixed-method approach that is based on notions and techniques of cognitive anthropology. The results show that the envisioned change lacks cognitive relevance, as a result of which a change of working practice is not likely to occur, a conclusion that is claimed to be valid for organisational change processes more generally. This paper concludes that an analysis of the cognitive relevance of the content of a change enhances the quality of the predictions of success or failure of organisational change in concrete cases, and can be used alongside more conventional change approaches that focus on processual factors.
    Keywords: organisational change; educational change; professionalism; NPM; working practices; cognitive anthropology.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10030608
  • The mediating effect of learning organisational culture between leadership styles and readiness for change: an empirical study in Yemen   Order a copy of this article
    by Ali Al-Tahitah, Mohamed Mihlar Abdul Muthaliff, Nouna Sammari, Mohammed Abdulrab 
    Abstract: This study examines the impact of transformational leadership (TFL) and transactional leadership (TSL) on readiness for change (RFC) and learning organisational culture (LOC), as well as the effect of LOC on RFC. It also explores the role of LOC as a mediator in the relationship between leadership style and RFC. A total of 330 administrative staff of three educational ministries in Yemen participated in this study. PLS-(SEM) software was utilised to analyse the data and test the research hypotheses. The findings indicate that TFL and LOC influence RFC. Meanwhile, TSL influences LOC but has no effect on RFC. More interestingly, LOC was found to be a partial mediator in the relationship between TFL and the RFC and a full mediator between TSL and the RFC. The study highlights the importance of transformational leadership and learning organisation culture in leading change initiatives through enhancing the level of readiness for change among the employees.
    Keywords: transformational leadership; transactional leadership; learning organisation; readiness for change; RFC; Yemen.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10030185
  • High school learners' perceptions on the teaching of LGBT content in South African schools   Order a copy of this article
    by Henry James Nichols, Anthony Brown 
    Abstract: The South African Schools Act of 1996 inaugurated a new education system that confronts all forms of unfair discrimination and intolerance. South African schools remain heteronormative and heterosexist. We report on learners' attitudes and experiences towards the learning of LGBT issues. Using a case study methodology, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 high school learners. Findings reveal that sexual and gender diversity is not taught in schools due to a lack of knowledge, ignorance and stereotyping of gender and sexuality. We learned that gender and sexual diversity is a silent topic in schools and that silence perpetuate the compulsory heteronormative culture in schools. However, young people are exposed to and confront same-sex sexualities from different sources since many of the peers are disclosing their same-sex sexualities at younger ages. This study concludes that learners are positive and willing to learn about sexual diversity. If the learners are ready to be taught then we will have to revisit those who are charged with teaching, the educators. We conclude that the educators seem to be the barriers to the teachers and learning of sexual diversity and more research will have to look at in and pre-service teacher education.
    Keywords: heteronormativity; heterosexism; LGBT; sexual diversity; high school learners; silence.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2020.10032131
  • Significance of offering further mathematics and personal interest in mathematics on some variables common to secondary school students   Order a copy of this article
    by I.L. Animasaun 
    Abstract: Improvement of students' performance in school-based subjects like mathematics has been an ongoing debate among parents, educators, and academicians. However, little is known on the significance of offering further mathematics and personal interest in mathematics. This report presents the variations in home support, self-efficacy, active learning strategies, attitude of students towards mathematics, and academic achievement between students that offered further mathematics and those that did not offer the subject. Also, the variations in the five dependent variables between three groups of students on the basis of personal interest for mathematics is deliberated upon using survey research. The findings revealed that students who offered further mathematics significantly asked for more home support and consequently possess better active learning strategies. Statistically, there exists a wide gap in home support, self-efficacy, active learning strategies, attitude of students towards mathematics, and academic achievement between students with weak, average, and strong interest in mathematics.
    Keywords: home support; self-efficacy; active learning strategies; attitude towards mathematics; academic performance; further mathematics.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039871
  • Communicative functions of interrogative sentences in dialogue texts   Order a copy of this article
    by Assel M. Yessenbayeva, Bauyrzhan K. Yelikbayev, Gulnara K. Abdrahman, Laura T. Makulova, Bekzhigit K. Serdali 
    Abstract: This article discusses the problems of communicative functions of the implementation of interrogative sentences in English and Russian. The relevance of the problem is connected with the rich pragmatic fullness of these linguistic units. The problem of communicative functions of interrogative sentences was considered from the point of view of the theory of speech acts, in which they are realised. Thus, examples of interrogatives were analysed in representative, directive, commission and expressive speech acts on the basis of dialogues from the sitcom Big Bang Theory. Determining the quantitative ratio of interrogatives in the composition of different types of speech acts and comparing these statistics with the results of another study allowed the author to determine which types are most productive due to their pragmatic potential. The prospect of further research is a deeper study of the pragmatics of interrogative sentences, as well as interdisciplinary research.
    Keywords: interrogatives; communication theory; speech acts; pragmatics; dialogues.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039929
  • The search of alternative ways for professional training of future teachers to the innovation-related risks   Order a copy of this article
    by Nailya N. Askhadullina, Irina V. Vishnyakova, Guzel A-B. Aminova, Ernst R. Safargaliev, Guliya A. Hamatgaleeva 
    Abstract: The modern educational challenges define the relevance of the future teacher's capacity formation problem towards the revealing of the pedagogical risks in the innovative activities and assessment of their own abilities in the minimisation of the negative consequences. It is caused by the fact that the modern school requires the teacher's high performance aimed at the formation of human capital assets. It is stated that the innovative pedagogical activities as a nonlinear process of the educational reforms are accompanied by the consolidation of such values as initiative, creative work, and risk. The paper contains the results of the experimental work with the bachelor's students with the specialty in 'pedagogical education' in the approbation of the variable course 'pedagogical risks in the teacher's innovation activities' in the structure of the general professional training model 'pedagogics' as part of the future teacher's riskological competence formation.
    Keywords: information society; quality of education; innovative pedagogical activities; pedagogical risk; riskological competence; riskological reasoning.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10039931

Special Issue on: Sustainable Development of e-Environment

  • The relationship between the self-learning skills and attitude of Shoubak University College students towards using the e-learning system (Moodle)   Order a copy of this article
    by Omar M. Mahasneh 
    Abstract: The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between the self-learning skills that students acquire and their attitude towards using the e-learning system (Moodle). However, studies which examine the relationship between self-learning skills and students attitudes towards using the e-learning system have thus far been rare. This study adopted a descriptive correlation design and data were largely descriptive by nature. Two sets of questionnaires, namely, self-learning skills (SLS) and attitude towards using the e-learning system (ATUES) were used for data collection constructed by the researcher. The research reported in this study was carried out on 182 students at Shoubak University College. The results confirmed a strong relationship between the self-learning skills acquired by the students and their attitude towards using the e-learning system (Moodle). The level of self-learning skills acquisition by students was moderate, and it was concluded that students should have awareness regarding self-learning skills for the betterment of their future and the society as well. The results also showed that the students attitudes towards using the e-learning system are positive; as such, self-learning skills acquisition by students should be improved, so that they are able to use the e-learning system (Moodle) effectively.
    Keywords: self-learning skills; SLS; Shoubak University College; e-learning system; Moodle.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035535
  • New e-business model: undergraduate study program search system   Order a copy of this article
    by Aleksei Iurasov 
    Abstract: Students who have graduated from high schools across the EU member states can choose from a wide variety of study programs and universities at which to pursue their degree studies. Each combination of a university and study program is unique, which further complicates student choice. Lack of information transparency regarding the unique characteristics of each combination of a university and study program exacerbates the already inefficient allocation of resources in education and the delayed employment of graduates. Bridging the gap between secondary and higher education by creating a new e-business model undergraduate study program search system may help solve the problem.
    Keywords: e-business; electronic business; data analytics; innovation; USPSS; education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035252
  • Developing a collaborative framework for wine bottling facilities   Order a copy of this article
    by Marianca Koegelenberg, Joubert Van Eeden, Loius Louw, Daniel Palm 
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper sought to develop a collaborative framework that provides wine bottling facilities, wine cellars and their direct supply chain partner guidelines to facilitate a collaborative partnership aiming to aid responsive decision making and improve reliability. The framework was developed using a triangulation approach, consisting of an in-depth literature review, 14 semi-structured interviews with industry experts and a theoretical case study. The developed framework was presented to wine bottling facilities and their supply chain stakeholders. Indication are that the proposed wine industry collaborative framework should enhance supply chain collaboration and will contribute towards the guidance and facilitation in developing collaboration platforms to align supply chain operations, while improving bottling responsiveness and meeting demand requirements.
    Keywords: design requirements; framework; wine supply chain; collaboration; planning; forecasting; replenishment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10035435
  • Bibliometric analysis of information communication technology for sustainable development: a machine-learning-based approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Rudolph Oosthuizen, Leon Pretorius 
    Abstract: Publication of research outputs is a method of researchers to capture their knowledge generated. Analysing the publication topics and trends in a research field can provide insight into the main research trends. A bibliometric analysis, based on the topics from published literature, provides insight into the focus areas and trends of a research field. The objective of this paper is to extract the main research topics from papers on sustainable development and information communication technology. The research topics are extracted from the abstracts and titles of papers using machine-learning for topic modelling. This paper identified the topics of knowledge management, design process, social change, and smart systems, as the primary focus of research into information communication technology for sustainable development. A deeper analysis into smart systems identified quality of citizen life, solutions for the urban setting, energy, and the environment as key research concerns.
    Keywords: sustainable development; information communication technology; natural language processing; NLP; topic modelling; research; bibliometric; literature; machine-learning; knowledge; research trends; research roadmap; abstracts; titles.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036646
  • Digitalisation and sustainable supply chain strategy: an instrument for improving efficiencies in the public healthcare sector   Order a copy of this article
    by Munyaradzi Bvuchete, Sara Grobbelaar, Joubert Van Eeden 
    Abstract: In developing nations, health systems are still fragmented, especially components such as public supply chain and procurement systems, often resulting in medicine stock-outs at last mile health facilities. Sophisticated systems are needed to address these challenges, often in alignment with a demand driven supply chain management (DDSCM) strategy which has been gaining momentum in other industries. If the vision of DDSCM is to be realised, most processes must become digitised and a critical element will be the evolution of traditional supply chains toward a connected, smart, and highly efficient supply chain ecosystem driven by actual demand information. This paper identifies DDSCM dimensions and map out the interrelationships between them. Validation of the interrelationships are put forward through a survey of 78 subject matter experts. To guide decision makers on how the framework is used, case study results were used to generate a scenario to test the applicability of the tool in the public healthcare supply chain network. More broadly, the findings in this paper reveal that digital implementation, decision support and DDSCM supply chain strategy can enhance efficiency in the supply chain.
    Keywords: demand driven supply chain management; DDSCM; digitalisation; sustainability; healthcare.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10036752
  • Factors affecting the cost of poor quality management in the South African manufacturing sector: structural equation modelling   Order a copy of this article
    by Bheki B.S. Makhanya, Hannelie Nel, Jan Harm C. Pretorius 
    Abstract: The manufacturing sector is facing an increase in product recall which damages the brand images and customer goodwill. The main purpose of this research was to explore the direct, indirect and total effects of quality management factors toward management of the cost of poor quality in the South African manufacturing sector. The study proposed the theoretical model based on the literature reviewed and tested the proposition using structural equation modelling in AMOS 26. The empirical data were collected from 119 managers from the South African manufacturing industry and the snowball sampling provided the ability to identify the target group. The findings identified process management and business result focus to have a statistically significant total effect on cost of poor quality. The contribution of this paper lies on the observed effects of quality management factors which could be used by managers to prioritise their efforts toward management of the cost of poor quality.
    Keywords: leadership; customer focus; employee focus; business result focus; process management; cost of poor quality; structural equation modelling; SEM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037061
  • Risk management application in South African power utility construction projects   Order a copy of this article
    by Modisakoma J. Kgosietsile, Bheki B.S. Makhanya, Jan Harm C. Pretorius 
    Abstract: South Africas largest electricity producer has embarked on mega investments to build new power stations. This paper reports on the risk management maturity level, risk management processes.. The research adopted the survey research method and self-administrated questions to collect primary data. The investigation targeted the total population of 100 engineers, technical managers, safety officers and quality officers. The researchers collected a total of 44 useful responses. The research established that the overall risk management maturity at the intermediate level. The risk response planning and risk monitoring were identified as processes that need improvement. The risk factors in the South African power utility construction projects were a lack of pre-planning, the level of contractors performance, community unrest, labour unrest, safety incidents, defective work and poor risk management skills. The paper has both theoretical and practical implications despite the limitations associated with the study design.
    Keywords: project; project management; construction management; risk; risk management; construction.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10037558
  • Techno-organisational factors of eHealth acceptance: a system dynamics model   Order a copy of this article
    by Getnet B. Fanta, Leon Pretorius, Louwrence Erasmus 
    Abstract: The sustained use of eHealth is influenced by the dynamic and nonlinear interactions of technological, social, organisational and economic factors. However, most eHealth implementation frameworks are modelled linearly without capturing the complex relationship among elements of the ecosystem to ensure technology acceptance. The model-based theory-building research approach followed in this study aimed at enhancing the understanding of techno-organisational factors influence on the acceptance of eHealth technology. A qualitative research approach and system dynamics modelling are applied to develop a system dynamic model of techno-organisational factors of eHealth acceptance. The average workforce turnover showed a stronger influence on the simulated acceptance rate of both eHMIS and SmartCare systems in the techno-organisational dimension. Therefore, retaining skilled workforces in the healthcare organisation should be the focus in the techno-organisational dimension of sustainable eHealth implementation to increase the acceptance rate of eHMIS and SmartCare in Ethiopia.
    Keywords: techno-organisation; eHealth; SmartCare; ICT for health; digital health; EMR; eHMIS; technology acceptance; system dynamics modelling; simulation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJLC.2021.10038461