Forthcoming articles

International Journal of Innovation and Learning

International Journal of Innovation and Learning (IJIL)

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International Journal of Innovation and Learning (53 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Application of reflective journals to assess self-directed learning in a blended learning setting: a case study in Hong Kong   Order a copy of this article
    by Kris M.Y. Law, Li-Ting Tang 
    Abstract: This paper presents the case study of a blended learning subject offered to a group of engineering students, in which a reflective journal was adopted as part of the assessment. It also presents an innovative attempt to explore the relationship between the reflections of students and their performance in the subject.rnThe feedbacks from students was collected and analyzed using text-mining techniques, and a machine-learning algorithm was used to identify the association between the reflective feedback text and the corresponding final grades of the students.rnThe supervised machine-learning algorithm produces an inferred function from the training data so as to make predictions about the output values of the testing data. rnThe results prove that reflective journals can be a valuable means of assessing student learning in a blended learning environment, and also offers a good reference for educators to have a better understanding regarding the performance of students. rn
    Keywords: Reflective journal; blended learning; engineering students; performance; machine learning; text mining; assessment.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10021744
  • The Acceptance and Effectiveness of Interactive Online Learning in Virtual Faceto-Face Learning Technology.   Order a copy of this article
    by Achara Suksakorn, Arnon Tubtiang 
    Abstract: In this research, we study influential factors affecting the acceptance of Interactive Online Learning in Virtual Face-to-Face Learning technology of high school students in Nonformal Education, in Thailand. The research methodology was applied by experimental research design, CIPPA model and questionnaires. The study conceptual framework based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT). The data is students performance of mathematic learning through Interactive Online Learning in Virtual FacetoFace Learning technology, One to Many platform. The results of this research shows the factors that influence acceptance of Interactive Online Learning in Virtual Face-to-Face Learning technology which have the positive relationship in the same direction to the technology adoption. The data obtained from the analysis can be used for planning and developing Interactive Online Learning in Virtual Face-to-Face Learning technology to meet the needs of students and teachers, and to help them gain more knowledge and understanding towards using Interactive Online Learning in Virtual Face-to-Face Learning technology more increasingly. Also, it can be served as a guideline for related researches, accomplishing the academic results in mathematics and other subjects in the future. For the theoretical practice, it leads to the new theory called the Modified UTAUT. The results based on this theory shows that all factors accept the hypotheses at the significance level of 0.05, where R squared of Y1 = 0.702 and R squared of Y2 = 0.602, showing the coverage of this research. This new theory is consistent with the academic results from the greater post-test score after study using Interactive Online Learning in Virtual Face-to-Face technology than the pre-test one.
    Keywords: MOOCs; interactive online learning; non–formal education; student or technology end user; technology acceptance; UTAUT; virtual face-to-face learning.

  • Contributions of the Internet of Things in Education as Support Tool in the Educational Management Decision-making Process   Order a copy of this article
    by Rwrsilany Silva, Bernardo Cleice Pontes, Carolina Yukari Veludo Watanabe, Rosália Maria Passos Da Silva, José Moreira Silva Neto 
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to understand the contributions that the development of IoT provides to education, particularly in assisting the decision-making process and addressing some of the challenges that the educational system faces. From a methodological perspective, the study adopts a qualitative approach and applies bibliographic overview procedures that substantiate Internet of Things concepts in education and the decision-making process in education, as well as analysing the phenomena in the light of Contingency Theory precepts. As such, this study investigated several contexts for the application of this technology in learning and a more efficient management of educational organisation structure, in addition to indicating spaces for the construction of alternatives when making decisions hitherto compromised by the limitation of technological resources. Finally, this study successfully presents viable alternatives in the form of tools and resources to optimise the values and practices covered in the various approaches to the theme in question. rn
    Keywords: Internet of Things. Education Management. Intelligent Classroom. Learning. Decision-making process in Education. Internet of Everything. Student. Teacher. Innovation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10022041
    by Agnieszka Sitko-Lutek, Monika Jakubiak 
    Abstract: The subject matter of the present study was employee development in the context of diversity management. The aim of the study was to identify and assess the influence of employees characteristics (such as age, gender, position held in the company, etc.) upon the applied and preferred methods of competence development used by respondents. rnThe empirical study was conducted among 2076 employees by means of quantitative research with a questionnaire. The study took place in 2016-2017 in over 50 Polish innovative companies. Data was compiled in contingency tables, which were further analyzed statistically. rnResults of the analyses indicated that characteristics of respondents have significant impact upon the applied and preferred methods of competence development used by them. Research results enable recommendations for managers and HR departments employees to be made as regards the management of diverse teams.
    Keywords: employee development; methods of development; innovation; innovativeness; learning; employees’ characteristics; diversity management; diverse teams.

  • The Strategic Impact of Reciprocal Teaching on the Metacognitive Reading Comprehension of Arabic Language Texts among Arab Students in Israel   Order a copy of this article
    by Haifaa Majadly, Salah Massarwa 
    Abstract: Previous researches argued that reciprocal teaching (RT) strategy contributes to students achievement and improve the reading comprehension. In the current study we ought to examine the effect of this strategy in the Arab community in Israel, and its consequences on reading comprehension of Arabic language. In order to examine this issue, a quasi-experimental method through practical application of educational units constructed in accordance with the strategic elements of RT was conducted. Sixty-one students from secondary public schools participated in this study. The participants served as two groups: experimental group and a control group. The results showed that there is a significant difference in the levels of metacognitive reading comprehension (self-monitoring, planning of task parameters, assessment of strategy) between the two groups. The reciprocal teaching strategy had a clear impact on the students skills and improved their level of comprehension of the texts. Further, the study confirmed that metacognitive reading comprehension dimensions depend upon the extent of students exposure to strategies and skills that give them the ability to interact with texts. Recommendations for the implementation of RT to benefit students are suggested, especially in the context of Arab population.
    Keywords: Reciprocal teaching; RT; reading comprehension; metacognitive reading comprehension; Arabic language; Arab students in Israel.

  • Determinants of Students Entrepreneurial Intention a Comparative study in Poland and Hong Kong   Order a copy of this article
    by Kris M.Y. Law, Monika Jakubiak 
    Abstract: This paper aims to empirically compare the entrepreneurial intentions between students from two countries, Poland and Hong Kong. This study investigates the entrepreneurial intentions in association with innovativeness and attitudes, between two groups of university students from different countries. The study was conducted in 2018 among 1000 students from universities in Hong Kong and 552 students from Poland. Four behavioral variables (entrepreneurial intention, attitude toward entrepreneurship, efficacy) were measured. First, attitudes, innovativeness and self-efficacy affect entrepreneurial intention. Second, significant differences between student groups from different cultural backgrounds are found. Thirdly, engineering and science students from Hong Kong manifest stronger entrepreneurial intentions than those from business courses whereas opposite results were obtained with regard to Polish students. Fourthly, students from business courses exhibit slightly stronger entrepreneurial intentions than those from engineering and science. rnThe difference between two countries implies that entrepreneurial intention is not merely affected by cultural background, but also discipline. Our study offers a good reference for educators clearly showing that courses should be designed taking in account cultural and other background specifics so as to become more effective.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship education; university students; entrepreneurial intention; Poland; Hong Kong.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10021752
    by Danh Nguyen Nguyen, Dang Tue Nguyen 
    Abstract: Which factors determine research and development outcomes of a university is a great concern of both government officials and university managers in Vietnam and many other countries. This study is conducted to test the hypotheses that research infrastructure, management, communication, human resource, financial source and facultys ability are the main determinants of university R&D outcomes. The study applies structural equation modelling method and uses a unique survey data collected from faculty staff in 115 science and technology universities in Vietnam. The study findings show that infrastructure and financial constraints are two factors that significantly affect facultys R&D outcomes. According to that, the authors proposed some policy suggestions.
    Keywords: R&D; university; determinants; Vietnam; faculty.

  • Influencing innovativeness of enterprises by selected HRM practices   Order a copy of this article
    by Aneta Karasek 
    Abstract: Enterprises can influence and shape the behaviour of individuals in order to boost the innovativeness of the enterprise by applying HRM practices. The objective of the study is to identify relations between the application of a coherent bundle of HRM practices and internal sources of innovation, effectiveness of the individual phases of the innovative process, and the novelty scale of the innovation. The study was conducted among 92 innovative enterprises in Poland. The study is based upon an original bundle of HRM practices in six HRM areas significant for an innovative enterprise. The results show that there are relationships between the bundle of HRM practices and the innovativeness of an enterprise viewed in three aspects. Therefore, this article contributes to theory by original complementary approach to HRM practices and innovativeness of the enterprises. Analysis of the study resulted in a broad set of managerial implication of usage of HRM practices.
    Keywords: innovativeness; HRM practices; innovative enterprise; employee behaviour; Polish enterprises; innovation; internal sources of innovation; effectiveness of innovation process; novelty of innovation; knowledge management; organisational learning; value creation.

  • Online Newspapers in the English Classroom at High School   Order a copy of this article
    by Tatiana Lisitsyna, Marina Pastushkova, Olga Putistina, Tatiana Lobovskaya 
    Abstract: the paper reports the results of an experimental study on the use of authentic online newspapers in developing students reading skills in senior classes by the English high school teachers of Murmansk and the Murmansk region, Russia. The study adopted questionnaire as a research method. The experimental study analyzed the educational process of developing students reading skills in senior classes at English lessons and detected the major difficulties for the students in the reading comprehension of media texts. Quantitative and qualitative data came from 135 English teachers of Murmansk and the Murmansk region (Russia), and the findings revealed the effectiveness of the use of media texts and materials, that integrate the language and media education and contribute to the development of students critical thinking and cognitive abilities at high school. This study also focused on the problems of the use of English press and outlined the selection criteria for the online media and newspaper reading activities to be used in the English classroom. The results of the study clearly demonstrate that the use of online newspapers contributes to the development of students critical thinking, their media and scientific literacy and makes the educational process more interactive.
    Keywords: online newspapers; reading skills; media education; language education; newspaper reading activities.

  • Knowledge as an Important Factor in the Process of Creating Brand Equity   Order a copy of this article
    Abstract: The papers contribution is to present the importance of implicit and explicit knowledge in the process of creating brand equity. Knowledge is the most important factor of competitiveness and factors such as capital, financial assets or labour force are proving to be less important. Companies utilise and transfer knowledge to processes and activities aimed at creating high-value brands, thus increasing their competitiveness. A strong and trusted brand provides the company with competitive advantage and in order to achieve it, employee knowledge is required. This paper investigates the role of knowledge in the process of creating brand equity in the studied company and to develop and coordinate the development and practice of implicit and explicit knowledge in the process of creating brand equity. The results of the survey, have shown that they have the required implicit and explicit knowledge which plays an important role in creating brand equity.
    Keywords: brand; brand equity; knowledge; implicit knowledge; explicit knowledge; knowledge management processes.

  • Impact of Marketing resource on Company performance on B2B markets   Order a copy of this article
    by Gregor Jagodic, Borut Milfelner 
    Abstract: The main goal of the paper is to researsch the impact of marketing resources on company performance for companies on B2B markets. The conceptual model, including market orientation, marketing strategy, ICT support factors for B2B markets and company performance was proposed and empirically tested. The research results show that market orientation and its sub-constructs, namely competitor orientation and customer orientation have a positive impact on implementation of marketing strategy and ICT support for B2B markets. Also, implementation of good marketing strategies for companies on B2B markets and ICT support on B2B markets have a positive impact on company performance.
    Keywords: B2B market; market orientation; marketing strategies; competitive advantage; ICT; innovation; learning; financial and non-financial performance indicators; company performance.

  • Innovation as a driver for organizational strategy   Order a copy of this article
    by João Carvalho, Maria Madeira 
    Abstract: In recent years companies have been severely affected by economic crises. Surviving and achieving some performance has become the main concern of managers. The literature points to innovation as a driver capable of generating competitive advantage for companies. However, understanding how companies perceive contingencies and manage to anticipate in order to overcome obstacles has become the main concern of this work. To answer this question, a research was undertaken in companies located in one of the poorest regions of Brazil. The data collected were treated by means of factorial analysis. The obtained results attest that the changes provoked in the external environment are perceived through the network of contacts of the company. With the support of top management, employees develop innovations capable of generating the competitive advantage necessary for strategic success.
    Keywords: Innovation; Strategy; Fit; Performance; Network; Diversification; Driver; Contingency; Crises; Turbulence.

  • Impact of innovativeness on business performance of Japanese firms in Vietnam   Order a copy of this article
    by Thi Thu Ha Le, Trung Kien Dao, Xuan Dam Dong, Quang Huy Nguyen 
    Abstract: Innovativeness is usually considered to be the key to the survival and development of firms in the context of increasing competition in the global market. However, studies on the link between innovativeness and business performance of firms have not been studied much in Vietnam. Therefore, the research aims to identify and assess the impact of innovativeness on four perspectives in balanced scorecard including customers, finance, internal processes, employee learning and growth. Results from 144 responses out of 670 surveys on Japanese firms investing in Vietnam showed that innovativeness has a significant impact on business performance in both financial and non-financial aspects. Additionally, improving non-financial performance also has a positive impact on financial performance in firms. This conjointly implies that in the context of the increasingly spirited market as it is today to survive and develop in the long run, firms need to specialize in improving innovativeness to extend business performance efficiency.
    Keywords: Innovativeness; financial performance; non-financial performance; Japanese firms in Vietnam.

  • Development of Trainer Competency Model: A Case Study at Thailands Department of Skill Development   Order a copy of this article
    by Montree Prajugjit, Sittichai Kaewkuekool 
    Abstract: In this research, the needs for trainer competency development at Thailands Department of Skill Development (DSD) were determined based on a person-oriented approach. It was found that there were high needs for the development of trainer competencies in terms of knowledge, skills and attributes because the trainer competency levels were just average. To improve the DSD trainer competencies, a new competency model for DSD trainers was designed and evaluated using a task-oriented approach. The resulting trainer competency model contained seven main units of competency including investigation and diagnosis of problems and needs, training course design, training procedure design, training techniques, training measurement and evaluation, career expertise and productivity improvement. Moreover, the specific competencies for training in workplaces were found to include diagnosis of problems and brainstorm/seminar techniques in workplaces. The model evaluation results indicated that the model was effective for the improvement of DSD trainers skills in five industrial workplaces and could be applicable to other kinds of industrial workplaces.
    Keywords: Competency standard; trainer competency model; trainer; labour skill development.

    by Łukasz Wiechetek 
    Abstract: Digital nations have become dependent on computer applications. One of the most important part of literacy in todays digital word are the basics of computer applications usage and development. Programming seems to be quite difficult to learn, therefore, several educational programming environments and programming languages were developed, so that more people could create the applications. Modern technologies mean that computer programming is not a skill reserved only for a small group of specialists with extensive knowledge of mathematics, algorithms and computer design. Nowadays, programmers can become people of different ages and interests, therefore, basic computer programming courses should be offered for various groups of students. The article addresses the problem of basic programming courses for non-computer science students. The aim of the paper is to present the role of visual programming languages in encouraging university students to create algorithms and start programming. The article presents the characteristic of Scratch, the framework of course for logistics students. Contains also students opinions (n=119) about learning the basics of programming with Scratch. The research allows to conclude that Scratch is very easy to access and to use. It makes introduction to programming more enjoyable, helps to concentrate on the problem and the business process. Logistics students notice the benefits of visual programming languages and would like to attend basic programing classes. Students acquired knowledge and skills mainly performing instructions received from the teacher and watching video tutorials. The comparative analysis showed also differences between groups of students. The contribution of the study can be both empirical (tested course syllabus) and methodological (how to teach new generations of IT developers and data scientists).
    Keywords: learning; Scratch; basics of programming; IT teaching; programming course; logistics students; visual programming; survey; evaluation; digital society; VBA; quantitative analysis.

    by Wirawan Sumbodo, S. Supraptono, Anwar Meddaoui, S. Samsudi, Joko Widodo 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the learning effectiveness of industrial class of Vocational High Schools (VHS) and to identify factors that needed to improve VHS students skill. This research is an ex-post facto type of causal research which is to reveal events that have occurred and to see various factors related to the event. Data collection of learning effectiveness assessment and factors supporting successful VHS students identification were done through forum group discussion (FGD), interviews, questionnaires, and pre-test-post-test. The samples were 30 students of industrial class and 30 students of regular class of class XI TP1. The result showed that the average grade of industrial student was 81 while the average grade of regular student was 70.
    Keywords: Vocational high school; effectiveness; learning; student skill; industrial class.

  • The Design and Evaluation of an Interactive Multimedia Program for Promoting Deaf Learners' Reading Skills   Order a copy of this article
    by Kanyanat Pleawfueang 
    Abstract: Deaf children have significant difficulties to remember things in the world, including images, sounds, letters, through vision. Essentially, different from hearing children that perception dual channels with visual and verbal. In this study, we aimed to design visual content based on deaf cognition learning with human user interface that reduce redundancy learn to read order to use in multimedia stories and perception for words and sentences by three phases: 1) Development of bilingual (Thai and Sign languages) interactive multimedia (IM) learning material for DHH children, 2) Implementation with two participating schools for the deaf, 3) Feedback from participants with the multimedia program. Sixteen DHH children, aged 10 to 14 from two elementary schools for the deaf in Bangkok and the metropolitan region, Thailand, participated in the study. A reading experience with experimental (multimedia) and control (teacher without multimedia) groups was designed and conducted over a 20-week period in each school. The evaluation included observation, interviews with instructors, DHH learners and parent s DHH and implementation with DHH, pretest and posttest. There was a significant increase in the reading and vocabulary learning skills of the DHH children in the experimental (multimedia) group (Z = 2.53*, Z = 2.53*) and a nonsignificant effect in the control group (Z = 1.58*, Z = -2.38*). The result shows that DHH in the experimental (multimedia) perception with word and sentence while in the class ability to learning and concentrate on IM until the end of the stories. Based on the results, the most important factor in information design for learning to read is interactively learning that multimedia design has to facilitate learner mask sense of sentence own cues and corresponding to both languages. They were happy to learn and concentrate when learning to read also leaning activity with friends that represents opportunities mediation for corroboration to learn with those who do not know sign language.
    Keywords: Design visual content; Interactive Multimedia program; Reading skill for DHH; Human user interface.

  • Curriculum Innovation for Postgraduate Programmes: Perspectives of Postgraduate Learners   Order a copy of this article
    by Solomon Arulraj David 
    Abstract: This study aims to study perspectives of postgraduate learners on curriculum innovation for postgraduate programmes. The respondents wrote critical reflection focusing on their desired innovation in curriculum, instructional strategies and assessment in post graduate programmes. The findings indicate that the postgraduate learners prefer postgraduate curriculum to be challenging, current, offered in a contested mode, career and profession focused. And they suggested to enrich with both theories and practices, provide tools to practice the knowledge, frequently updated, provide skills to meet real world requirement, include internship, develop critical thinking, develop problem solving ability, provide comprehensive content and encourage self-regulated learning. The respondents informed that the programme that they are attending is level appropriate and is reasonably well established with necessary innovation. However, they recommended a continuous improvement of these programmes would be advantageous. The study strongly believes that accounting postgraduate learners experience and perspectives support curriculum innovation in postgraduate programmes.
    Keywords: Curriculum; Innovation; Postgraduate learners’ perspective; Postgraduate programmes; United Arab Emirates.

  • Modelling the Social Business Venture - An Ontology Based Approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Samiksha Todaria, Carlos Azevedo, João José Pinto Ferreira 
    Abstract: The key contribution of this paper is the proposal of a novel conceptual model for the Social Business Value Proposition. This research was about making sense out of the body of knowledge underlying social business concepts and perspectives, stemming from the social entrepreneurship literature, and building on the so-called business model ontology that underlies the widely used Business Model Canvas. The developed constructs were built in the scope of a Design Science approach to research, supported by an assessment process that involved several steps comprising the interaction with well-known academicians and practitioners in the area of social business, culminating with a Case-Study for final validation and assessment. Interviews with the experts from the field helped in the iterative development process of the ontology and its assessment, further supported by informed arguments and a continuous review of the literature.
    Keywords: Innovation; business models; ontology; theory of change; social businesses; social entrepreneurship; business model canvas; design science; value proposition; stakeholder interface; resources.

  • Management of Integrated System Prototype By Applying Principle of SCRUM   Order a copy of this article
    by Kadek Yota Ernanda Aryanto, Kadek Teguh Dermawan, I. Made Putrama 
    Abstract: Interoperability is an important property for different systems to be integrated. It provides interfaces from multiple data sources to support data and information integrity between various information systems. This study was aimed to: (1) designed an interoperable component to integrate several sub-systems into a centralized data center (2) developed a prototype based on the design to be used within an existing data center system. Both purposes were done to support data integration as required by implementing ETL process, crypto-post, and REST service. This work has provided the solution of data integration model between information systems running on HTTP protocol. The integration model used both synchronous and asynchronous schemes. The methodology that was used in this research was Research and Development with Agile SCRUM framework. The SCRUM framework was used to manage all processes of the development workflow before the production release. The result of the SCRUM Framework implementation were burn-down process chart and the retrospective logs. It shown the effectiveness of teamwork during the development and the release phases. There were three stages of testing that had been conducted consisted of white box and black box testing, followed by the performance verification.
    Keywords: Interoperability; Innovative System; Education system Integration; SCRUM; Agile; Data Center; E-CR; Rest services; Data.

  • SM-ILE: A FrameWork for Intrusion Detection in an Informal Social Environment based on Users Traces   Order a copy of this article
    by Amina ZEDADRA, Ouarda Zedadra, KEBABI Abdelmounaim 
    Abstract: Social media is a novel technology, which uses Internet and Web 2.0. It allows users to create and participate to several communities through different functionalities such as communication, collaboration, sharing, updating and interaction. The use of social media in learning field has been increased. Therefore, most educational institutions nowadays are using these technologies to enhance users' engagement. rnWe propose in this paper an informal learning environment called SM-ILE (A trace-based framework for Social Media as an Informal Learning Environment). This model aims at detecting intrusion learners to improve their learning by recommending to them good collaborators and relevant resources. Moreover, we analyse and qualitatively compare social media and informal learning related works. rnThe proposed algorithm was applied to an informal social environment ( An experiment was conducted in a group of students in an Algerian University. The obtained results from this experiment were good and very efficient.
    Keywords: E-learning; social media; users’ traces; informal learning; intrusion detection.

  • Linking Human Resource Management, Entrepreneurial Orientation, and Firm Performance: An Integrative Theoretical Framework   Order a copy of this article
    by Karim Moustaghfir, Souhail Ramid, Kenza Touhs 
    Abstract: As a growing field of analysis in management studies, several scholars have been looking at the role of human resource management (HRM) practices in boosting a firms entrepreneurial orientation (Tansky et al., 2009). On the other hand, entrepreneurial orientation has been repeatedly proven to positively impact firm performance both at the organizational level, but also at the level of enterprise clusters. This means that within high-entrepreneurial orientation firm clusters, both the overall cluster and the firms individual performances are positively affected (Yao et al., 2009). However, existing literature provides little guidance on how HRM practices could help firms improve their performance through fostering entrepreneurial orientation. This paper aims to shed more light on how human resource management could become a major driver of firm performance while leveraging on learning to translate individual and collective abilities into value adding entrepreneurial actions. For this purpose, this paper follows a systematic literature review as a recognized evidence-based tool for theory building (Tranfield et al., 2003). The objective is to develop an integrative theoretical framework that explains how HRM practices provide firms with superior performance, using entrepreneurial orientation as an intermediate construct.
    Keywords: Human Resource Management; HRM Practices; Entrepreneurial Orientation; Learning; Corporate Entrepreneurship; Intrapreneurship; Intrapreneurial Capabilities; Firm Performance; Value Generation; Performance Outcomes; Competitive Advantage.

  • Short video clip production on learning performance: evidence from university students   Order a copy of this article
    by Siew King Ting, Brian Dollery 
    Abstract: University students learn economic concepts through textbooks and online sources that are typically very theoretically oriented. As a result, they have difficulties in linking their understanding of these concepts to real-world experience. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of using a short video clip production made by students themselves in explaining economic concepts. The respondents in this study consisted of 96 first semester undergraduate students (over September 2018 to January 2019) who took introductory economic courses at the Faculty of Business and Management at the Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) in Kota Samarahan, Sarawak. Our results exhibit positive responses on both the level of satisfaction and perceived learning performance by students with the overall mean scores of 3.79. From these results, we offer several recommendations on using digital learning in the academic curriculum.
    Keywords: Economics Education; Short Video; Economic Concepts; Technology Acceptance Model; Teaching and Learning.

  • Lifelong learning among consumers and suppliers of complementary and alternative methods of health care: A descriptive study of motivational factors and learning sources   Order a copy of this article
    by Mateja Kržin, Nada Trunk Širca, Valerij Dermol, Katarina Babnik 
    Abstract: The complementary and alternative methods of health care (CAM) supply and demand and the learning opportunities in the field of CAM services have been rapidly increasing. The goals of the study were to determine motivational factors behind individuals engagement in lifelong learning in the field of CAM services and differences in these factors between CAM services consumers and suppliers. Two focus groups and semi-structured interviews were performed. The thematic analysis approach was utilised and Social Network Analysis for the graphical representation and quantification of identified motivational factors. The study identified five motivational factors explaining individuals engagement into lifelong learning in the field of CAM services that are consistent with socio-behavioural models explaining the motivation for health behaviour modification. Control over ones life is more strongly expressed amongst the consumers of CAM services, whereas the suppliers of CAM services strongly expressed philosophical congruence and higher dissatisfaction with the current healthcare system. We identified nine categories of sources of information and knowledge about CAM services. The results of this qualitative study form the basis for a further systematic study of the use and increased supply of CAM services.
    Keywords: lifelong learning; complementary and alternative services; consumers; suppliers; focus groups; semi-structured interviews; Slovenia.

  • Enhancing consensus building with mind maps and linked open data   Order a copy of this article
    by Kitipoom Vipahasna, Vilas Wuwongse 
    Abstract: In conventional consensus building, written discourse is a typical tool that helps a small group of students exchange concepts to pursue a consensual resolution. However, this tool is not sufficiently effective to foster student attempts to form a consensus. Moreover, referential information is needed as evidence during group discussions. To address these problems, we propose a new approach to comparing and merging mind maps produced individually by students in a group. The proposed system integrates Linked Open Data (LOD) standard web technologies to facilitate consensus-building processes. It also employs the Resource Description Framework (RDF) to uniformly represent mind maps, which enables computability and sharing of mind maps. A prototype is developed and evaluated in a group of 24 students. The results show that the proposed system outperforms the traditional method significantly, as it improves students performance in discovering new knowledge, creativity, group collaboration, and consensus reaching.
    Keywords: consensus building; mind maps; visual discourse; linked open data; computer supported collaborative learning; collaborative learning; collaborative mind mapping; consensual mind map formation; digital mind maps; RDF data model.

  • The Relationship between Contrastive Lexical Competence, Willingness to Communicate, and Emotional Intelligence: The Case of Iranian EFL Learners   Order a copy of this article
    by Meisam Ziafar 
    Abstract: Significant arguments have been put forward concerning the significance of willingness to communicate (WTC) and Emotional intelligence (EI) in language learning and teaching. Owing to the fact that both lexical chunks and translation seem to positively influence EFL learners emotions by putting them at ease in dealing with psychological challenges, it may be wise to explore the prominence of contrastive lexical competence (CLC) in relation to WTC and EI among EFL learners. This study investigated the presence of possible relationships among CLC, WTC, and EI. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, 90 upper intermediate IELTS students (18 to 45 years old) were selected from two English institutions (Ariana and Amene) in Ahvaz and Khorramshahr respectively on the basis of their QPT scores. Regarding the purpose of this study, Statistical Pearson Correlation Coefficient (r), Multiple Regression, and Partial Correlations were applied. The data analysis of the results revealed significant relationships among the three variables. It was also found that EFL learners CLC scores are more accurately predicted by their EI scores than their WTC scores. The findings of this study may be quite telling to language learners and teachers in that they may better appreciate the crucial role of CLC in their educational practices.
    Keywords: Contrastive Lexical Competence; Willingness to Communicate; Emotional Intelligence.

  • E-learning Adoption based on Gender Differences: Insight from India.   Order a copy of this article
    by Vanitha P S, Sreejith Alathur 
    Abstract: The aim of this study is to explore the adoption of e-learning across gender. This study identifies how the attitude, technology awareness, satisfaction level, and behavior of users varied based on gender while adopting e-learning. Theories pertinent to gender difference and technology adoption are reviewed. Using a quantitative questionnaire survey method 425 responses were collected from various higher education institutions from southern India. Using this data set acceptance of the hypothesis on e-learning adopted among different gender were statistically reported. Partial Least Square- Structure Equation Model (PLE-SEM) is carried out to find out the e-learning adoption based on gender difference. The study identifies similarity and dissimilarity among male and female users in e-learning adoption based on the following predictors: user attitude, technology awareness, user satisfaction level, and users behavior. The current research focused on four dimensions for analyzing e-learning adoption based on gender differences. Further research can focus on the economy, religion and other possible factors influence e-learning adoption. Earlier studies less reported on influence on the e-learning adoption based on different genders. The current study shows that attitude, satisfaction, and behavior predictors are significantly high for males compared to females. Whereas technology awareness about e-learning is equal for male and female users. Overall, the result shows that male users are more adapted to e-learning compared to female users.
    Keywords: e-learning; gender-difference; attitude; behavior; technology awareness; India.

  • Innovativeness in Brazilian Startups: the effect of the absorptive capacity and environmental dynamism   Order a copy of this article
    by Carlos Eduardo Carvalho, Carlos Ricardo Rossetto, Andrezza Aparecida Saraiva Piekas 
    Abstract: Considering the importance of the innovativeness for the success of the startups, we examined the relationship between absorptive capacity (ACAP), innovativeness and environmental dynamism, with a sample of 104 Brazilian startups surveyed at incubators. Structural equation modeling found several results. I) Dynamic external environments positively influence the innovativeness of startups. II) Dynamic environments influence firms to absorb external knowledge. III) ACAP influence innovativeness, so greater the ACAP, greater the firm's innovativeness. IV) ACAP mediates the relationship between dynamic environments and innovativeness. The findings contribute to innovation approaches by analyzing the impact of environmental dynamics, and especially by demonstrate the mediate role of the ACAP. In addition to theoretical advancement, we offer practical contributions to managers interested in intensifying their innovative practices.
    Keywords: Absorptive capacity; Innovativeness; Environmental dynamism; Innovation practices; Startups; Incubators; Technology incubators; Mediation effect; Technology-based entrepreneurship; Technology-based new firms.

  • The Impact of Management Method on IT Projects Success   Order a copy of this article
    by Sigal Kordova, Moti Zwilling, Omer Rozen 
    Abstract: The current study examined the relationship between the extent to which project management is carried out according to the PMBOK guide and project success in 70 IT projects. The study presented prediction tools that assisted in predicting project success. Results exhibit a positive, strong, and significant relationship between managing projects based on the PMBOK guidelines and project success. In addition, a significant difference in the success score measure was found between projects managed using the Waterfall and Scrum methods. The current studys implications may be useful for technological organizations that utilize the PMBOK guidelines for their project management needs.
    Keywords: Project Management; Critical Success Factors; Linear Methodology; Iterative Methodology; Agile Methodology; The Waterfall Model; Innovativeness.

  • Human Resource Development and Spiritual Intelligence: An investigation amongst Management students in Delhi NCR   Order a copy of this article
    by Navneet Gera, Walter Vesperi, Davide Di Fatta, Ajay Sahni, Anjali Arora 
    Abstract: The study seeks to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and its relative impact on students' academic performance. Several studies link SI with intellectual development.rnThis study aims to analyse the phenomenon of Spiritual Intelligence (SI) within the framework of human resource development (HRD) research. Qualitative and quantitative data were analysed. The study was conducted among management students residing in Delhi NCR. The findings confirm that spiritual quotient factors are applicable in the Indian context. In addition, the study reveals that the spiritual quotient is significantly correlated with academic performance. The study uses the scale developed by King (2008) to measure spiritual intelligence through SISRI (Spiritual Intelligence Self Report Inventory) which includes 24 statements. From the available constructs of the spiritual quotient, the CET (Critical existential thinking) and the PMP (Personal meeting production) have a positive relationship with academic performance. The academic performance is explained by 19% using CET and PMP. Therefore, management institutions must also instil the culture of spiritualism within the institute to improve the performance of management students. The study tries to cover part of the gap in the HRM literature on the SI topic
    Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence; Academic Performance; Emotional Intelligence; HumanrnResource Development; HRM; Higher Education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2021.10026330
  • Determinants of Innovative Development and Their Importance for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Poland   Order a copy of this article
    by Robert Stanislawski 
    Abstract: Poland is a country poorly developed in terms of its innovativeness. It belongs to the penultimate group of countries according to the innovation level (moderate innovators). Despite its overall innovative development, a sharp decline (retardation) of innovative activity has been noted in the case of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the last year. Hence, the need for analyzing determinants (factors) of their innovative de-velopment. In the framework of this article, three groups of factors were taken into account: SMEs' strategy, resources and willingness to cooperate with the environment (open innovation). The analysis of their signifi-cance was made on the basis of the research carried out in 2016 on a group of 819 entities. It covered only those SMEs which had conducted innovative activity in the past three years, had headquarters in one of six voivod-ships in Poland and primarily conducted manufacturing activities. As part of the study, researchers answered the questions regarding the strength and significance of as well as the reasons for the impact of these determinants on SMEs' innovative development. The main aim of the article is to provide a multi-threaded overview of the issues of innovative development of SMEs and to conduct an analysis of determinants in this field.
    Keywords: Innovative development; innovativeness; innovations; determinants of innovative development; small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); open innovation.

  • Group Learning: An Analysis of Individuals in Software Development Teams Who Perform Interdependent Tasks   Order a copy of this article
    by Sheldon William Silva 
    Abstract: This paper aims to understand how group learning occurs within Software Development Organizations (SDOs). The specific objectives are (i) understand and describe the learning process in teams that perform interdependent tasks according to the addressed theoretical perspective and, (ii) understand and describe how developers apply the resources and infrastructures available in these organizations for their learning. Qualitative research of a multiple case study was conducted in four SDOs applying semi-structured interviews. The subjects interviewed were involved in the software development process. The analyses were performed with the qualitative data analysis software Weft_QDA. The results show that group learning does occur in SDOs through information and communication technologies, which allow developers to interact and share their knowledge. There is an asset repository that stores the knowledge acquired during the projects, equivalent to a Transactive Memory System (TMS).
    Keywords: Group learning; Interdependent tasks; Software Development Organizations.

  • Is Teaming Possible for Enhancing a Teaching Style towards Developing Thai Undergraduates Learning and Performance Behaviour?   Order a copy of this article
    by Pichaphob Panphae, Ravee Phoewhawm 
    Abstract: One of the most important aspects of economic growth is the constant development of higher education preparing future graduates to become competent and capable in contributing their skills and abilities to their industries. The academic instructors and undergraduate students who will have to change their paradigm and procedures in teaching and learning to make the aptitude of future graduates become strong candidates for institutions. The aim is to see the possibility of teaming amongst academic instructors and Thai undergraduates to enhance a teaching style that can improve the latters way of gaining knowledge and accomplishing things. A sample group of 200 students were asked about their viewpoints on the factors leading to avoidance in learning and performance, and an open-ended question conducted with 208 instructors with their feedback were utilized for analysis. Teaming is possible as long as the factors making students avoid mastery and performance are taken into consideration.
    Keywords: Fear; Image; Learning; Mastery; Performance; Procrastination; Teaching; Teaming.

  • The Roles Of Local Government In Moderating The Correlation Of Creative Destruction As The Mediation Between Innovation Speed And Competitiveness Of Food Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises In Malang, Indonesia   Order a copy of this article
    by Stefanus Yufra 
    Abstract: Purpose -- This study aims to analyze and explain the role of local governments in moderating the change between innovation development on the competitiveness of food Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) with the destruction of creativity as mediating the relationship between innovation development and the competitiveness of food SMEs. Design/methodology/approach The study was conducted on food SMEs registered at the Office of Cooperatives and SMEs in the Greater Malang area. All listed SMEs were sampled (saturated samples) as many as 161 food SMEs. The research approach is quantitative with embedded design, namely qualitative data attached to the results of quantitative analysis. Quantitative data were collected using a questionnaire and then completed with unstructured interviews with 8 (eight) owners and managers of food SMEs. The data obtained were analyzed using WarpPLS. Findings The results prove that the speed of innovation development increases the competitiveness of food SMEs. The idea of innovation that is quickly realized and more quickly enters the market has a greater opportunity to increase competitiveness. The roles of local government significantly strengthened the correlation between innovation speed and the competitiveness of food SMEs. The roles of local government were most strongly reflected on the promotion, marketing, and training. Creative destruction is proven to partially mediate the effect of the speed of innovation development on the competitiveness of food SMEs. The competitiveness of food SMEs can be increased if the speed of innovation development is followed by creative destruction, by increasing the competence of workers and maintaining innovations that have been achieved to strengthen the market base. Research limitation/implications The main limitation of this study is that it analyzes processed foods and innovations in general. Future research should investigate one type of processed food based on the typology of innovation so as to provide more effective and efficient recommendations. Originality/value -- This is the first known analysis of innovation speed and creative destruction for small and medium-sized enterprises of food sector.
    Keywords: innovation speed; creative destruction; competence-enhancing; sustaining innovation; SMEs; competitiveness.

Special Issue on: ICTE 2018 Innovative Ways to Enhance Learning through Technology

  • Implementation of blended learning in higher education institutions in Albania: An analysis of factors that affect students learning experience   Order a copy of this article
    by Rezart Prifti 
    Abstract: All levels of education, and especially higher education institutions, are transforming their methods to follow the dynamics of technology and labour market demands. Blended learning is emerging as an effective and low-risk strategy to improve quality, as well as to make education more accessible. This research aims to discuss the introduction of blended learning in a higher education institution in Albania, and to examine the effect of the blended approach in students learning experience, focusing on their satisfaction from both online and traditional elements of a course. The results show that satisfaction from online components has an important impact on students learning experience in a larger proportion that classroom components.
    Keywords: Blended learning; learning experience; course satisfaction; learning management system; student satisfaction; higher education.

  • Investigating the effectiveness of vocabulary learning tasks from the perspective of the technique feature analysis: The effects of pictorial annotations   Order a copy of this article
    by Yan Huang, Di Zou, Fu Lee Wang, Reggie Kwan, Haoran Xie 
    Abstract: This study investigates the effectiveness of three kinds of word learning exercises in terms of Nation and Webbs technique feature analysis (2011). Three commonly used vocabulary learning tasks: reading comprehension, sentence writing, and cloze-exercise combined with two types of annotations: pictorial annotations and textual annotations obtained four tasks. One hundred and twenty college students were recruited and allocated randomly to the four tasks groups to test their learning effectiveness respectively. In task 1, participants were provided with a reading passage and 10 words with pictorial annotations. In task 2, the reading passage was the same as task 1, but the annotations for words were textual and participants were required to fill in ten blanks according to some textual hints. In task 3, participants were required to fill in blanks according to the pictorial annotations provided. In task 4, participants were asked to make sentences with the ten words according to the textual annotations provided. The results demonstrated that cloze-exercises with textual glosses were as effective as reading comprehension with pictorial glosses; and cloze-exercises with pictorial glosses were as effective as sentence-writing with textual glosses, which are in accord with the checklist proposed by Nation and Webb (2011) for technique feature analysis and validates the effectiveness of pictorial annotations to word learning.
    Keywords: technique feature analysis; pictorial annotations; vocabulary acquisition; textual annotations; imaging.

  • Investigating the use of mobile instant messaging-facilitated 5E-flipped learning: A two-stage study   Order a copy of this article
    by Ying Tang, Khe Foon Hew, Chung Kwan Lo 
    Abstract: Despite the worldwide popularity of flipped learning, we understand little about how to coherently structure a flipped class with appropriate communication services to engage students. This two-stage study examines in flipped learning context, how students perceived learning guided by the 5E design model (Engagement-Exploration-Explanation-Elaboration-Evaluation), and how different technologies impacted the learning experience. We first reported a multiple-case study on how students felt about the 5E model-based flipped learning, facilitated by mobile instant messaging (MIM) tools. We then conducted a comparative study to investigate how students felt about using either MIM or a threaded asynchronous forum for discussion. The results suggested that 92% of participants found flipped learning more engaging and 81% reported that flipped learning gave them more time to discuss or solve problems. Most students welcomed using MIM for flipped learning, but online forum was still preferred for academic discussions. Possible reasons and suggestions for future research are discussed.
    Keywords: flipped learning; flipped classroom; instructional design; mobile instant messaging; higher education.

  • The Analysis of Timeout Behaviours in Online Tests   Order a copy of this article
    by Huixiao Le, Jiyou Jia, Lunghei Wong 
    Abstract: Based on a dataset of more than 7.4 million records of learners doing online tests activity in an online platform, and the concept of Online Learning Activity Index (OLAI), this paper analyses the Timeout Be-haviours in online tests and attempts to answer the following two ques-tions: what are the characteristics of those online learners with Timeout Behaviours in online tests? Does the amount of questions in a test in-fluence learners Timeout Behaviours? Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis are conducted to find the general pattern underneath the cases. Afterwards, this paper investigates how to optimize the amount of questions in one test in view of the Timeout Behaviours.
    Keywords: online learning; online test; online learning activity index; learning ana-lytics.

  • Using Immersive Reality in Training Nursing Students   Order a copy of this article
    by Sin-Chun Ng, Lap-Kei Lee, Andrew K. Lui, Ka-Fai Wong, Wan-Yee Chan, Hiu-Hin Tam 
    Abstract: Every nursing student is trained to possess certain skills and qualities before they go for the clinical training in a hospital. They must be very competent in all the fundamental nursing skills including reporting vital signs of a patient, techniques for different kinds of injection methods and simple wound dressing. They should be familiar with a hospital ward environment. This paper introduces the use of immersive reality including Virtual Reality (VR) and Augment Reality (AR) for nurse training. With these new technologies, nursing students can practise their nursing skills by visualizing a clinical environment at anytime and anywhere. It also provides a platform for the clinical simulations of a number of scenarios where students have to carry out routine tasks and practices. For learning the fundamental nursing skills, students can practise the special skills over the 3D models in an immersive way. Our application can reduce inexperienced nursing students anxiety and make them more familiar with the ward environment and the fundamental nursing skill, which can then minimize medical error in their real practicum.
    Keywords: virtual reality; augmented reality; nurse training; virtual ward environment.

  • Adaptive e-learning model for learning English as a second/foreign language   Order a copy of this article
    by Katerina Kostolanyova, Ivana Simonova 
    Abstract: The main aim of the article is (1) to describe how learners' sensory preferences are implemented in the adaptive model of e-learning, designed at the Faculty of Education, University of Ostrava, Czech Republic, and (2) to present and discuss results of research conducted within the model in the subject of English as a second/ foreign language (ESL/EFL), particularly in reading comprehension and listening comprehension. After considering two main characteristics of each learner (starting knowledge of the field, i.e. foreign language, and the sensory preferences), these data are processed by the Virtual Teacher and each learner is provided individualized study materials, exercises and tests. Data were collected by standardized English grammar tests, by VARK questionnaire (defining Visual – Aural – Read/write – Kinesthetic learning preferences) and non-standardized didactic pre-tests and post-tests. Four hypotheses were tested; two of them focusing on the role of learner's sensory preferences, other two ones examining the significance of the fact that study materials, exercises and tests match/do not match learner's sensory preferences. Two out of four hypotheses were verified, proving significant differences in test scores in the reading comprehension skill compared to listening comprehension from both the view of type of sensory preference and study materials.
    Keywords: adaptive e-learning; ESL; EFL; sensory preferences; VARK; reading comprehension; listening comprehension.

  • Supporting more engaged learning: the case for the 3D printer a position paper   Order a copy of this article
    by Theodor Wyeld 
    Abstract: Students are increasingly connected to an online world. As such, they expect their university learning experience to emulate their everyday online experiences. Until recently, however, traditional university teaching has tended to focus on knowledge transfer. In order to reengage with students, many universities are providing online tools and courses. But, not all topics are suitable for online learning. Some topics still require hands-on experience especially where the outcome is targeted to the manufacturing industry. The 3D printer is a teaching tool that benefits from both hands-on and online support. Moreover, it can be used to help reengage students disaffected by traditional teaching methods and as a tool for transitioning to more online teaching methods. This paper outlines how the 3D printer is being used in university classrooms to supplement online teaching which is career focussed.
    Keywords: online teaching; 3D printer; multimedia; additive manufacturing; learning experience; entrepreneur; metacognition; innovation; creativity.

Special Issue on: ICBL2018/ISET2018 Enhancing Learning Effectiveness with Multifaceted Learning

  • The Use of 360-degree Videos to Facilitate Pre-Learning and Reflection on Learning Experiences   Order a copy of this article
    by Shinichi Sato, Makoto Kageto 
    Abstract: This study investigates the effective use of 360-degree videos recorded during student fieldwork. Typical fieldwork procedures comprise three steps: pre-learning, on-site fieldwork, and post-learning. This study aims to support mainly pre- and post-learning steps. Four fieldwork experiences were targeted in which the students recorded 360-degree videos, reflected on their experience, and presented their experiences to non-participating students by showing their 360-degree videos on a virtual reality headset. By observing these actions, the authors were able to determine some of the effects of using 360-degree videos as a learning aid, including helping students detect what they missed while on site, maintaining students excitement and motivation after returning, and promoting pre-learning for younger students. Further practical efforts are needed to confirm such effects and pursue appropriate use of 360-degree video for fieldwork.
    Keywords: virtual reality; 360-degree camera; experiential learning; fieldwork; reflection; higher education.

  • Older Adults as the Internet Users: Age and Gender Approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Ivana Simonova, Petra Poulova, Pavel Prazak, Blanka Klimova 
    Abstract: Currently, aging has become an important topic as the amount of older adults is increasing. Therefore, there are efforts to prolong an active life of older people, and ICT, both devices and services may assist them in this process. The purpose of this study is to explore the use of the Internet among older people in the Czech Republic with respect to their age and gender. The key methods exploited in this study include a questionnaire survey. The results indicate that the age is a decisive factor in the use of the Internet by seniors. However, the gender seems not to belong to important factors. Generally, older people mostly use the Internet for socializing (communication, sharing images), gaining information and exploiting e-services (banking, shopping). The results also suggest that they should be trained in the use of the Internet and considering the collected information.
    Keywords: older adults; seniors; active; age; gender; Internet; Internet activities; Internet services; University of the Third Age (U3V); questionnaire.

  • Understanding K-12 students information literacy in informal learning environments: a literature review   Order a copy of this article
    by Sha Zhu, Di Wu, Harrison Yang, Yang Li, Jason MacLeod 
    Abstract: Information literacy has long been considered as a set of decontextualized skills from behaviorist perspective, or as a learning process from the constructivist perspective. With both conceptualizations, information literacy research has primarily emphasized formal learning environments. This literature review relies upon socio-cultural theory to expand understanding of K-12 students information literacy within the under-represented perspective of informal learning environments, such as homes, public properties, and online spaces. Guided by the research questions, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were identified to select the related literatures for review. Based on the literature review, it has been found that K-12 students engage in a range of digital meaning-making practices in informal learning environments. Finally, it is recommended that the evaluation standards and approaches for students information literacy should be changed, and a collaborative relationship should be established among schools, families, and the society for the promotion of information literacy.
    Keywords: K-12 students; information literacy; informal learning environments; socio-cultural perspective; family spaces; public places; online places.

  • Peer Assessment of Peer Assessment Plan: A Deep Learning Approach of Teacher Assessment Literacy   Order a copy of this article
    by Wing Shui Ng, Haoran Xie, Fu Lee Wang, Tingting Li 
    Abstract: The rationales of using assessment to enhance learning have been highly recognized. However, the issue of assessment literacy deficiency and insecurity about effective assessment implementation among pre-service and in-service teachers has been documented, which inevitably weakens the effectiveness of using assessment to improve learning. In this study, a deep learning approach with a core component of peer assessment of peer assessment plan was implemented to enhance the assessment literacy of a group of pre-service teachers. The design was informed by the taxonomy of learning in the cognitive domain and affective domain. Results show that they were able to prepare peer assessment plans in good quality. In addition, after conducting peer assessment on peer assessment plan, they demonstrated a deep level of attitude change and explicitly expressed their willingness to implement peer assessment in their future teaching. This provides evidence that the deep learning approach to a great extent enhanced teachers assessment literacy.
    Keywords: Assessment Literacy; Peer Assessment; Peer feedback; Assessment for Learning; Assessment Education; Deep Learning; Taxonomy of Learning; Blended Learning; Pre-service Teacher; Teacher Training.

  • Design and Evaluation on Interface for Screen Operation for Supporting Practical Training using ICT in Elementary and Secondary Education   Order a copy of this article
    by Hiroshi Hazama, Yasuo Ebara, Tsukasa Ogasawara 
    Abstract: In practical training which utilizes Information Communication Technology (ICT) in elementary and secondary education, teachers have difficulty in moving to students seats while having to concentrate on the operation of educational display systems. Consequently, teachers tend to have fewer face-to-face interactions with students during practical training, making it difficult for them to perceive students levels of understanding. Moreover, it is difficult to operate a computer screen using both hands to explain in the practical training because the conventional interface device is operated using one hand. In addition, it has become clear that there is a problem with tiredness when actually using interface equipment and practical training for a long time. For these problems, it has been found that the interface for screen operation that enables to worn with one hand has a high possibility of reducing tiredness in practical training than other interfaces even when used for a long time. However, in the state of the arm when moving or stopping the pointer, some teachers feel tiredness because of the sense of incongruity. Therefore, we proposed a pointing operation method to make the natural arm condition conscious. In this paper, we proposed and designed the interface for screen operation to satisfy some requirements for supporting the practical training using ICT in elementary and secondary education. Moreover, we conducted the actual practical training using ICT by using the proposed interface for screen operation at computer room in a high school, and evaluated the effect of the interface for screen operation. From these evaluation results, we confirmed the increase in communication between a teacher and students, as compared to conventional practical training, and showed the effectiveness of the interface for screen operation proposed in this study. In addition, we evaluated the interface for screen operation by trial use in the simulated practical training by some teachers. From the evaluation results, we showed that the proposed interface for screen operation has a high possibility of effective utilization in the practice training rather than conventional interface devices.
    Keywords: Elementary and Secondary Education; Wearable Interface; Communication; ICT; Practical Training; Tiredness; The Natural Arm Condition.

  • Motivating Students Learning in Science and Technology by Using Robots   Order a copy of this article
    by Junlong Zhang, Ivan Ka Wai Lai, Weiwei Xu 
    Abstract: Nowadays science and technology (S&T) are one of the significant impetuses for economy and development. Therefore, how to arouse students interest and inspire their motivation toward S&T becomes a hot topic for researchers and educators. The aim of the study is to evaluate how a robot (or a group of robots) can stimulate college students interest in science & technology and motivate them to learn S&T. A case study was conducted in the Macau University of Science and Technology where robots were brought in the campus in September 2017. An online questionnaire survey was carried out and 264 valid data were analyzed by using SmartPLS. The results show that the appearance and functionality of robots affect students interest in robots, further indirectly affects interest in S&T, and ultimately motivate students to learn S&T.
    Keywords: robots; science and technology; features and functions; motivation; interest.

  • Teaching and Learning with Video Modelling: Production with Limited Budget and Influence of Familiar Faces on Learning Effectiveness   Order a copy of this article
    by Lap-Kei Lee, Andrew Kwok-Fai Lui, Oliver Au, Sin-Chun Ng, Nga-In Wu 
    Abstract: Instructional videos are increasingly becoming popular, especially in the context of online or blended learning. Two challenges in using instructional videos are that video production is expensive and that the impact of production value on learning is uncertain. This paper presented an experience sharing on how a set of instructional videos can be produced with limited budget by leveraging the manpower of student helpers, and an experimental study exploring how a familiar face in the videos affects the learning outcomes. Previous researches have shown that an instructor appearing on a video has an impact to learning effectiveness, yet it is unclear whether face familiarity has a similar effect. We use instructional videos to teach business etiquette to undergraduates (n=47), where two sets of instructional videos were produced with actors and actresses who are familiar and unfamiliar to students respectively. Students were divided into two groups, each viewing one of the two video sets. Students learnt equally well regardless of the set of videos they view. However familiar faces of the cast significantly reduced learning effectiveness for students who worked full-time before; otherwise, face familiarity has no impact on learning outcomes. We employed Mayers Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning to explain the impact of face familiarity on learning outcomes. The experience sharing on instructional video production and the findings are expected to be useful to practitioners adopting instructional videos in their teaching and learning.
    Keywords: instructional video; limited production budget; face familiarity; learning outcomes.

Special Issue on: Strengthening Vocational Education Systems for the Disruptive Innovation Era

  • Relevance of Student Productive Skills Competencies Based on Construction Services Needs   Order a copy of this article
    by Rolly R. Oroh, Julyeta P.A. Runtuwene, Morris S.S. Tumanduk, Verry R. Palilingan 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the relevance of student productive skills competencies according to the needs of construction services. This study uses a quantitative research approach. Data was obtained through the performance test instrument for students as respondents with 3 work indicators in construction work, namely preparation of supporting materials, preparation of work sites, and implementation of work. The instrument was developed from the results of focus group discussions with actors of construction services and in accordance with the Indonesian National Work Competency Standards. Student respondents were taken randomly from 3 Vocational High Schools (VHS) in North Sulawesi. Respondents from construction service actors are representatives of 5 construction service companies listed in the Construction Services Development Board of North Sulawesi. The results of the study found that students had the relevance of productive skill competencies, with details of 63.46% of students being the most suitable, 34.62% of students were quite suitable and a number of 1.92% of students were less suitable. Then it was concluded that students of vocational high schools in North Sulawesi as respondents had a minimum standard of productive skills competency according to the needs of construction services in carrying out construction work. The contribution of this study is to show the data as a result of this study about the level of achievement of the productive skills competency of VHS student that relevance with the needs of the construction service industry.
    Keywords: Productive Skills; Student Productive Skills Competencies; Relevance of Vocational Education; Construction Services.

  • Education Indicator Evaluation of UI Green Metric of Campus Sustainability of Faculty of Engineering Universitas Negeri Semarang   Order a copy of this article
    by Wahyuningsih , I. Made Sudana, Dewi Selvia Fardhyanti, Moch Fathoni Setiawan, Syahdan Sigit Maulana, Agung Nugroho, Ahmad Mustamil Khoiron 
    Abstract: Education is one of the categories and indicators of sustainable campus assessment used in UI Green Metric World University Ranking. This research aimed to evaluate the education indicator in Faculty of Engineering Universitas Negeri Semarang toward the ranking in UI Green Metric. Mixed assessment is carried out to identify curriculum, study implementation plans, and sustainable research. The requirements assessment collected in each department then screened through terminology scan as preliminary assessment. Then sustainability linkages were analysed to henceforth calculate. The result showed that Faculty of Engineering Universitas Negeri Semarang has 53.79% sustainability ratio of education indicator. This evaluation contributes as a reference to increase the value of sustainability in education indicators especially the curriculum and study implementation plans.
    Keywords: campus sustainability; UI Green Metric; curriculum; study implementation plans; research.

    by Bernadain Polii, Diane Tangian, Agustinus Lumettu 
    Abstract: The values of life as a source of knowledge in character education can be obtained from Mapalus a- local wisdom. Whose main characteristic is concern for others and the surroundings . In hotel hospitality practice, students should have competencies in their fields that must be owned when they graduete.This learning model design should be developed more operationally in order to be easily implemented.So, the resuted model will be beneficial in determining the steps or policies of character education in this practical learning.The research method used is based on the first year research objective which is to design the learning model of hospitality practice.The analysis shows good results but stillneed to be improved and included in the semester learning plan.
    Keywords: character education; hospitality learning; local wisdom.

  • Implementation of Welat Inovasi (Innovated Welat) (Latino): As an Entrepreneurial Readiness for Beauty Education Study Program Students   Order a copy of this article
    by Ade Novi Nurul Ihsani, Pardjono Pardjono, Khieng Chana 
    Abstract: Difficulties faced by students in making Solo wedding brides decreased the interest in entrepreneurship of Solo wedding bride makeup. This study aims: 1) to determine the feasibility of latino products; 2) to investigate the entrepreneurial readiness of Beauty Education Study Program graduates from the aspect of cognitive, affective and psychomotor to entrepreneur in the solo wedding bride makeup. The variables revealed were the feasibility of latino products, and the readiness of graduates for entrepreneurship (cognitive, affective, psychomotor). The research type was experimental and survey research. This research was conducted in the Beauty Education Study Program of Home Economics Education Department of Faculty of Engineering of UNNES. The research population is students who have passed the bridal makeup course. The sampling technique in this study was purposive sampling totaling 33 students. Data collection instruments consisted of: (1) observation sheets, (2) questionnaire sheets for affective aspects of student readiness, (3) questions for students 'cognitive aspects readiness, (4) assessment sheets for students' psychomotor aspects readiness. Data analysis was done by percentage descriptive. The study shows that (1) latino is feasible to be used to make paes, (2) the readiness of students in terms of cognitive aspect is high, affective aspect is medium and psychomotor aspect is high.
    Keywords: entrepreneurial readiness; latino; students; learning; innovation.

    by Delta Apriyani, Maria Krisnawati, Sita Nurmasitah, Saian Nur Fajri 
    Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the gaps between the professional competence of vocational high school (VOC) teachers of productive subjects and the professional competence standard in learning activities to produce competent graduates to do their jobs. A questionnaire which was mostly consisting of closed questions and multiple choices and supplemented with in-depth interviews was distributed to provide flexibility wherever needed to respondents and explanations and information freely whose confidentiality of answers is guaranteed by researchers. Convenience sampling was used to obtain smooth data collection from respondents, including 10 principals, 50 certified educator teachers from 10 Vocational Schools in Semarang City who have dedication through oral requests participating in this study. This research was conducted for almost three months. It was found that the majority of respondents felt that teacher professional competence was still classified as having a large enough gap to produce an effective and efficient learning process in producing graduates who had competencies in accordance with what was mandated by the curriculum, in order to be able to work referring to the needs of the workforce.
    Keywords: Gaps; professional competence standards; vocational teachers; learning.