Forthcoming articles

International Journal of Innovation and Learning

International Journal of Innovation and Learning (IJIL)

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International Journal of Innovation and Learning (57 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Determinants of Students Entrepreneurial Intention a Comparative study in Poland and Hong Kong   Order a copy of this article
    by Kris M.Y. Law, Monika Jakubiak 
    Abstract: This paper aims to empirically compare the entrepreneurial intentions between students from two countries, Poland and Hong Kong. This study investigates the entrepreneurial intentions in association with innovativeness and attitudes, between two groups of university students from different countries. The study was conducted in 2018 among 1000 students from universities in Hong Kong and 552 students from Poland. Four behavioral variables (entrepreneurial intention, attitude toward entrepreneurship, efficacy) were measured. First, attitudes, innovativeness and self-efficacy affect entrepreneurial intention. Second, significant differences between student groups from different cultural backgrounds are found. Thirdly, engineering and science students from Hong Kong manifest stronger entrepreneurial intentions than those from business courses whereas opposite results were obtained with regard to Polish students. Fourthly, students from business courses exhibit slightly stronger entrepreneurial intentions than those from engineering and science. rnThe difference between two countries implies that entrepreneurial intention is not merely affected by cultural background, but also discipline. Our study offers a good reference for educators clearly showing that courses should be designed taking in account cultural and other background specifics so as to become more effective.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship education; university students; entrepreneurial intention; Poland; Hong Kong.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10021752
     
  • DETERMINANTS OF UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OUTCOMES A STUDY FROM FACULTYS PERSPECTIVES   Order a copy of this article
    by Danh Nguyen Nguyen, Dang Tue Nguyen 
    Abstract: Which factors determine research and development outcomes of a university is a great concern of both government officials and university managers in Vietnam and many other countries. This study is conducted to test the hypotheses that research infrastructure, management, communication, human resource, financial source and facultys ability are the main determinants of university R&D outcomes. The study applies structural equation modelling method and uses a unique survey data collected from faculty staff in 115 science and technology universities in Vietnam. The study findings show that infrastructure and financial constraints are two factors that significantly affect facultys R&D outcomes. According to that, the authors proposed some policy suggestions.
    Keywords: R&D; university; determinants; Vietnam; faculty.

  • Influencing innovativeness of enterprises by selected HRM practices   Order a copy of this article
    by Aneta Karasek 
    Abstract: Enterprises can influence and shape the behaviour of individuals in order to boost the innovativeness of the enterprise by applying HRM practices. The objective of the study is to identify relations between the application of a coherent bundle of HRM practices and internal sources of innovation, effectiveness of the individual phases of the innovative process, and the novelty scale of the innovation. The study was conducted among 92 innovative enterprises in Poland. The study is based upon an original bundle of HRM practices in six HRM areas significant for an innovative enterprise. The results show that there are relationships between the bundle of HRM practices and the innovativeness of an enterprise viewed in three aspects. Therefore, this article contributes to theory by original complementary approach to HRM practices and innovativeness of the enterprises. Analysis of the study resulted in a broad set of managerial implication of usage of HRM practices.
    Keywords: innovativeness; HRM practices; innovative enterprise; employee behaviour; Polish enterprises; innovation; internal sources of innovation; effectiveness of innovation process; novelty of innovation; knowledge management; organisational learning; value creation.

  • Online Newspapers in the English Classroom at High School   Order a copy of this article
    by Tatiana Lisitsyna, Marina Pastushkova, Olga Putistina, Tatiana Lobovskaya 
    Abstract: the paper reports the results of an experimental study on the use of authentic online newspapers in developing students reading skills in senior classes by the English high school teachers of Murmansk and the Murmansk region, Russia. The study adopted questionnaire as a research method. The experimental study analyzed the educational process of developing students reading skills in senior classes at English lessons and detected the major difficulties for the students in the reading comprehension of media texts. Quantitative and qualitative data came from 135 English teachers of Murmansk and the Murmansk region (Russia), and the findings revealed the effectiveness of the use of media texts and materials, that integrate the language and media education and contribute to the development of students critical thinking and cognitive abilities at high school. This study also focused on the problems of the use of English press and outlined the selection criteria for the online media and newspaper reading activities to be used in the English classroom. The results of the study clearly demonstrate that the use of online newspapers contributes to the development of students critical thinking, their media and scientific literacy and makes the educational process more interactive.
    Keywords: online newspapers; reading skills; media education; language education; newspaper reading activities.

  • Knowledge as an Important Factor in the Process of Creating Brand Equity   Order a copy of this article
    by TINA VUKASOVIC 
    Abstract: The papers contribution is to present the importance of implicit and explicit knowledge in the process of creating brand equity. Knowledge is the most important factor of competitiveness and factors such as capital, financial assets or labour force are proving to be less important. Companies utilise and transfer knowledge to processes and activities aimed at creating high-value brands, thus increasing their competitiveness. A strong and trusted brand provides the company with competitive advantage and in order to achieve it, employee knowledge is required. This paper investigates the role of knowledge in the process of creating brand equity in the studied company and to develop and coordinate the development and practice of implicit and explicit knowledge in the process of creating brand equity. The results of the survey, have shown that they have the required implicit and explicit knowledge which plays an important role in creating brand equity.
    Keywords: brand; brand equity; knowledge; implicit knowledge; explicit knowledge; knowledge management processes.

  • Impact of Marketing resource on Company performance on B2B markets   Order a copy of this article
    by Gregor Jagodic, Borut Milfelner 
    Abstract: The main goal of the paper is to researsch the impact of marketing resources on company performance for companies on B2B markets. The conceptual model, including market orientation, marketing strategy, ICT support factors for B2B markets and company performance was proposed and empirically tested. The research results show that market orientation and its sub-constructs, namely competitor orientation and customer orientation have a positive impact on implementation of marketing strategy and ICT support for B2B markets. Also, implementation of good marketing strategies for companies on B2B markets and ICT support on B2B markets have a positive impact on company performance.
    Keywords: B2B market; market orientation; marketing strategies; competitive advantage; ICT; innovation; learning; financial and non-financial performance indicators; company performance.

  • Impact of innovativeness on business performance of Japanese firms in Vietnam   Order a copy of this article
    by Thi Thu Ha Le, Trung Kien Dao, Xuan Dam Dong, Quang Huy Nguyen 
    Abstract: Innovativeness is usually considered to be the key to the survival and development of firms in the context of increasing competition in the global market. However, studies on the link between innovativeness and business performance of firms have not been studied much in Vietnam. Therefore, the research aims to identify and assess the impact of innovativeness on four perspectives in balanced scorecard including customers, finance, internal processes, employee learning and growth. Results from 144 responses out of 670 surveys on Japanese firms investing in Vietnam showed that innovativeness has a significant impact on business performance in both financial and non-financial aspects. Additionally, improving non-financial performance also has a positive impact on financial performance in firms. This conjointly implies that in the context of the increasingly spirited market as it is today to survive and develop in the long run, firms need to specialize in improving innovativeness to extend business performance efficiency.
    Keywords: Innovativeness; financial performance; non-financial performance; Japanese firms in Vietnam.

  • Development of Trainer Competency Model: A Case Study at Thailands Department of Skill Development   Order a copy of this article
    by Montree Prajugjit, Sittichai Kaewkuekool 
    Abstract: In this research, the needs for trainer competency development at Thailands Department of Skill Development (DSD) were determined based on a person-oriented approach. It was found that there were high needs for the development of trainer competencies in terms of knowledge, skills and attributes because the trainer competency levels were just average. To improve the DSD trainer competencies, a new competency model for DSD trainers was designed and evaluated using a task-oriented approach. The resulting trainer competency model contained seven main units of competency including investigation and diagnosis of problems and needs, training course design, training procedure design, training techniques, training measurement and evaluation, career expertise and productivity improvement. Moreover, the specific competencies for training in workplaces were found to include diagnosis of problems and brainstorm/seminar techniques in workplaces. The model evaluation results indicated that the model was effective for the improvement of DSD trainers skills in five industrial workplaces and could be applicable to other kinds of industrial workplaces.
    Keywords: Competency standard; trainer competency model; trainer; labour skill development.

  • TEACHING BASIC OF PROGRAMMING WITH THE ELEMENTS OF SCRATCH EVALUATION OF VBA PROGRAMMING COURSE FOR LOGISTICS STUDENTS   Order a copy of this article
    by Łukasz Wiechetek 
    Abstract: Digital nations have become dependent on computer applications. One of the most important part of literacy in todays digital word are the basics of computer applications usage and development. Programming seems to be quite difficult to learn, therefore, several educational programming environments and programming languages were developed, so that more people could create the applications. Modern technologies mean that computer programming is not a skill reserved only for a small group of specialists with extensive knowledge of mathematics, algorithms and computer design. Nowadays, programmers can become people of different ages and interests, therefore, basic computer programming courses should be offered for various groups of students. The article addresses the problem of basic programming courses for non-computer science students. The aim of the paper is to present the role of visual programming languages in encouraging university students to create algorithms and start programming. The article presents the characteristic of Scratch, the framework of course for logistics students. Contains also students opinions (n=119) about learning the basics of programming with Scratch. The research allows to conclude that Scratch is very easy to access and to use. It makes introduction to programming more enjoyable, helps to concentrate on the problem and the business process. Logistics students notice the benefits of visual programming languages and would like to attend basic programing classes. Students acquired knowledge and skills mainly performing instructions received from the teacher and watching video tutorials. The comparative analysis showed also differences between groups of students. The contribution of the study can be both empirical (tested course syllabus) and methodological (how to teach new generations of IT developers and data scientists).
    Keywords: learning; Scratch; basics of programming; IT teaching; programming course; logistics students; visual programming; survey; evaluation; digital society; VBA; quantitative analysis.

  • STUDY ON ASSESSMENT AND FACTORS SUPPORTING SUCCESSFUL VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOLS STUDENT OF INDUSTRIAL CLASS   Order a copy of this article
    by Wirawan Sumbodo, S. Supraptono, Anwar Meddaoui, S. Samsudi, Joko Widodo 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the learning effectiveness of industrial class of Vocational High Schools (VHS) and to identify factors that needed to improve VHS students skill. This research is an ex-post facto type of causal research which is to reveal events that have occurred and to see various factors related to the event. Data collection of learning effectiveness assessment and factors supporting successful VHS students identification were done through forum group discussion (FGD), interviews, questionnaires, and pre-test-post-test. The samples were 30 students of industrial class and 30 students of regular class of class XI TP1. The result showed that the average grade of industrial student was 81 while the average grade of regular student was 70.
    Keywords: Vocational high school; effectiveness; learning; student skill; industrial class.

  • The Design and Evaluation of an Interactive Multimedia Program for Promoting Deaf Learners' Reading Skills   Order a copy of this article
    by Kanyanat Pleawfueang, Surachai Suksakulchai 
    Abstract: Deaf children have significant difficulties to remember things in the world, including images, sounds, letters, through vision. Essentially, different from hearing children that perception dual channels with visual and verbal. In this study, we aimed to design visual content based on deaf cognition learning with human user interface that reduce redundancy learn to read order to use in multimedia stories and perception for words and sentences by three phases: 1) Development of bilingual (Thai and Sign languages) interactive multimedia (IM) learning material for DHH children, 2) Implementation with two participating schools for the deaf, 3) Feedback from participants with the multimedia program. Sixteen DHH children, aged 10 to 14 from two elementary schools for the deaf in Bangkok and the metropolitan region, Thailand, participated in the study. A reading experience with experimental (multimedia) and control (teacher without multimedia) groups was designed and conducted over a 20-week period in each school. The evaluation included observation, interviews with instructors, DHH learners and parent s DHH and implementation with DHH, pretest and posttest. There was a significant increase in the reading and vocabulary learning skills of the DHH children in the experimental (multimedia) group (Z = 2.53*, Z = 2.53*) and a nonsignificant effect in the control group (Z = 1.58*, Z = -2.38*). The result shows that DHH in the experimental (multimedia) perception with word and sentence while in the class ability to learning and concentrate on IM until the end of the stories. Based on the results, the most important factor in information design for learning to read is interactively learning that multimedia design has to facilitate learner mask sense of sentence own cues and corresponding to both languages. They were happy to learn and concentrate when learning to read also leaning activity with friends that represents opportunities mediation for corroboration to learn with those who do not know sign language.
    Keywords: Design visual content; Interactive Multimedia program; Reading skill for DHH; Human user interface.

  • Curriculum Innovation for Postgraduate Programmes: Perspectives of Postgraduate Learners   Order a copy of this article
    by Solomon Arulraj David, Christopher Hill 
    Abstract: This study aims to study perspectives of postgraduate learners on curriculum innovation for postgraduate programmes. The respondents wrote critical reflection focusing on their desired innovation in curriculum, instructional strategies and assessment in post graduate programmes. The findings indicate that the postgraduate learners prefer postgraduate curriculum to be challenging, current, offered in a contested mode, career and profession focused. And they suggested to enrich with both theories and practices, provide tools to practice the knowledge, frequently updated, provide skills to meet real world requirement, include internship, develop critical thinking, develop problem solving ability, provide comprehensive content and encourage self-regulated learning. The respondents informed that the programme that they are attending is level appropriate and is reasonably well established with necessary innovation. However, they recommended a continuous improvement of these programmes would be advantageous. The study strongly believes that accounting postgraduate learners experience and perspectives support curriculum innovation in postgraduate programmes.
    Keywords: Curriculum; Innovation; Postgraduate learners’ perspective; Postgraduate programmes; United Arab Emirates.

  • Modelling the Social Business Venture - An Ontology Based Approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Samiksha Todaria, Carlos Azevedo, João José Pinto Ferreira 
    Abstract: The key contribution of this paper is the proposal of a novel conceptual model for the Social Business Value Proposition. This research was about making sense out of the body of knowledge underlying social business concepts and perspectives, stemming from the social entrepreneurship literature, and building on the so-called business model ontology that underlies the widely used Business Model Canvas. The developed constructs were built in the scope of a Design Science approach to research, supported by an assessment process that involved several steps comprising the interaction with well-known academicians and practitioners in the area of social business, culminating with a Case-Study for final validation and assessment. Interviews with the experts from the field helped in the iterative development process of the ontology and its assessment, further supported by informed arguments and a continuous review of the literature.
    Keywords: Innovation; business models; ontology; theory of change; social businesses; social entrepreneurship; business model canvas; design science; value proposition; stakeholder interface; resources.

  • Management of Integrated System Prototype By Applying Principle of SCRUM   Order a copy of this article
    by Kadek Yota Ernanda Aryanto, Kadek Teguh Dermawan, I. Made Putrama 
    Abstract: Interoperability is an important property for different systems to be integrated. It provides interfaces from multiple data sources to support data and information integrity between various information systems. This study was aimed to: (1) designed an interoperable component to integrate several sub-systems into a centralized data center (2) developed a prototype based on the design to be used within an existing data center system. Both purposes were done to support data integration as required by implementing ETL process, crypto-post, and REST service. This work has provided the solution of data integration model between information systems running on HTTP protocol. The integration model used both synchronous and asynchronous schemes. The methodology that was used in this research was Research and Development with Agile SCRUM framework. The SCRUM framework was used to manage all processes of the development workflow before the production release. The result of the SCRUM Framework implementation were burn-down process chart and the retrospective logs. It shown the effectiveness of teamwork during the development and the release phases. There were three stages of testing that had been conducted consisted of white box and black box testing, followed by the performance verification.
    Keywords: Interoperability; Innovative System; Education system Integration; SCRUM; Agile; Data Center; E-CR; Rest services; Data.

  • SM-ILE: A FrameWork for Intrusion Detection in an Informal Social Environment based on Users Traces   Order a copy of this article
    by Amina ZEDADRA, Ouarda Zedadra, KEBABI Abdelmounaim 
    Abstract: Social media is a novel technology, which uses Internet and Web 2.0. It allows users to create and participate to several communities through different functionalities such as communication, collaboration, sharing, updating and interaction. The use of social media in learning field has been increased. Therefore, most educational institutions nowadays are using these technologies to enhance users' engagement. rnWe propose in this paper an informal learning environment called SM-ILE (A trace-based framework for Social Media as an Informal Learning Environment). This model aims at detecting intrusion learners to improve their learning by recommending to them good collaborators and relevant resources. Moreover, we analyse and qualitatively compare social media and informal learning related works. rnThe proposed algorithm was applied to an informal social environment (http://sncl.ga). An experiment was conducted in a group of students in an Algerian University. The obtained results from this experiment were good and very efficient.
    Keywords: E-learning; social media; users’ traces; informal learning; intrusion detection.

  • Linking Human Resource Management, Entrepreneurial Orientation, and Firm Performance: An Integrative Theoretical Framework   Order a copy of this article
    by Karim Moustaghfir, Souhail Ramid, Kenza Touhs 
    Abstract: As a growing field of analysis in management studies, several scholars have been looking at the role of human resource management (HRM) practices in boosting a firms entrepreneurial orientation (Tansky et al., 2009). On the other hand, entrepreneurial orientation has been repeatedly proven to positively impact firm performance both at the organizational level, but also at the level of enterprise clusters. This means that within high-entrepreneurial orientation firm clusters, both the overall cluster and the firms individual performances are positively affected (Yao et al., 2009). However, existing literature provides little guidance on how HRM practices could help firms improve their performance through fostering entrepreneurial orientation. This paper aims to shed more light on how human resource management could become a major driver of firm performance while leveraging on learning to translate individual and collective abilities into value adding entrepreneurial actions. For this purpose, this paper follows a systematic literature review as a recognized evidence-based tool for theory building (Tranfield et al., 2003). The objective is to develop an integrative theoretical framework that explains how HRM practices provide firms with superior performance, using entrepreneurial orientation as an intermediate construct.
    Keywords: Human Resource Management; HRM Practices; Entrepreneurial Orientation; Learning; Corporate Entrepreneurship; Intrapreneurship; Intrapreneurial Capabilities; Firm Performance; Value Generation; Performance Outcomes; Competitive Advantage.

  • Short video clip production on learning performance: evidence from university students   Order a copy of this article
    by Siew King Ting, Brian Dollery 
    Abstract: University students learn economic concepts through textbooks and online sources that are typically very theoretically oriented. As a result, they have difficulties in linking their understanding of these concepts to real-world experience. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of using a short video clip production made by students themselves in explaining economic concepts. The respondents in this study consisted of 96 first semester undergraduate students (over September 2018 to January 2019) who took introductory economic courses at the Faculty of Business and Management at the Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) in Kota Samarahan, Sarawak. Our results exhibit positive responses on both the level of satisfaction and perceived learning performance by students with the overall mean scores of 3.79. From these results, we offer several recommendations on using digital learning in the academic curriculum.
    Keywords: Economics Education; Short Video; Economic Concepts; Technology Acceptance Model; Teaching and Learning.

  • Lifelong learning among consumers and suppliers of complementary and alternative methods of health care: A descriptive study of motivational factors and learning sources   Order a copy of this article
    by Mateja Kržin, Nada Trunk Širca, Valerij Dermol, Katarina Babnik 
    Abstract: The complementary and alternative methods of health care (CAM) supply and demand and the learning opportunities in the field of CAM services have been rapidly increasing. The goals of the study were to determine motivational factors behind individuals engagement in lifelong learning in the field of CAM services and differences in these factors between CAM services consumers and suppliers. Two focus groups and semi-structured interviews were performed. The thematic analysis approach was utilised and Social Network Analysis for the graphical representation and quantification of identified motivational factors. The study identified five motivational factors explaining individuals engagement into lifelong learning in the field of CAM services that are consistent with socio-behavioural models explaining the motivation for health behaviour modification. Control over ones life is more strongly expressed amongst the consumers of CAM services, whereas the suppliers of CAM services strongly expressed philosophical congruence and higher dissatisfaction with the current healthcare system. We identified nine categories of sources of information and knowledge about CAM services. The results of this qualitative study form the basis for a further systematic study of the use and increased supply of CAM services.
    Keywords: lifelong learning; complementary and alternative services; consumers; suppliers; focus groups; semi-structured interviews; Slovenia.

  • Enhancing consensus building with mind maps and linked open data   Order a copy of this article
    by Kitipoom Vipahasna, Vilas Wuwongse 
    Abstract: In conventional consensus building, written discourse is a typical tool that helps a small group of students exchange concepts to pursue a consensual resolution. However, this tool is not sufficiently effective to foster student attempts to form a consensus. Moreover, referential information is needed as evidence during group discussions. To address these problems, we propose a new approach to comparing and merging mind maps produced individually by students in a group. The proposed system integrates Linked Open Data (LOD) standard web technologies to facilitate consensus-building processes. It also employs the Resource Description Framework (RDF) to uniformly represent mind maps, which enables computability and sharing of mind maps. A prototype is developed and evaluated in a group of 24 students. The results show that the proposed system outperforms the traditional method significantly, as it improves students performance in discovering new knowledge, creativity, group collaboration, and consensus reaching.
    Keywords: consensus building; mind maps; visual discourse; linked open data; computer supported collaborative learning; collaborative learning; collaborative mind mapping; consensual mind map formation; digital mind maps; RDF data model.

  • The Relationship between Contrastive Lexical Competence, Willingness to Communicate, and Emotional Intelligence: The Case of Iranian EFL Learners   Order a copy of this article
    by Meisam Ziafar 
    Abstract: Significant arguments have been put forward concerning the significance of willingness to communicate (WTC) and Emotional intelligence (EI) in language learning and teaching. Owing to the fact that both lexical chunks and translation seem to positively influence EFL learners emotions by putting them at ease in dealing with psychological challenges, it may be wise to explore the prominence of contrastive lexical competence (CLC) in relation to WTC and EI among EFL learners. This study investigated the presence of possible relationships among CLC, WTC, and EI. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, 90 upper intermediate IELTS students (18 to 45 years old) were selected from two English institutions (Ariana and Amene) in Ahvaz and Khorramshahr respectively on the basis of their QPT scores. Regarding the purpose of this study, Statistical Pearson Correlation Coefficient (r), Multiple Regression, and Partial Correlations were applied. The data analysis of the results revealed significant relationships among the three variables. It was also found that EFL learners CLC scores are more accurately predicted by their EI scores than their WTC scores. The findings of this study may be quite telling to language learners and teachers in that they may better appreciate the crucial role of CLC in their educational practices.
    Keywords: Contrastive Lexical Competence; Willingness to Communicate; Emotional Intelligence.

  • E-learning Adoption based on Gender Differences: Insight from India.   Order a copy of this article
    by Vanitha P S, Sreejith Alathur 
    Abstract: The aim of this study is to explore the adoption of e-learning across gender. This study identifies how the attitude, technology awareness, satisfaction level, and behavior of users varied based on gender while adopting e-learning. Theories pertinent to gender difference and technology adoption are reviewed. Using a quantitative questionnaire survey method 425 responses were collected from various higher education institutions from southern India. Using this data set acceptance of the hypothesis on e-learning adopted among different gender were statistically reported. Partial Least Square- Structure Equation Model (PLE-SEM) is carried out to find out the e-learning adoption based on gender difference. The study identifies similarity and dissimilarity among male and female users in e-learning adoption based on the following predictors: user attitude, technology awareness, user satisfaction level, and users behavior. The current research focused on four dimensions for analyzing e-learning adoption based on gender differences. Further research can focus on the economy, religion and other possible factors influence e-learning adoption. Earlier studies less reported on influence on the e-learning adoption based on different genders. The current study shows that attitude, satisfaction, and behavior predictors are significantly high for males compared to females. Whereas technology awareness about e-learning is equal for male and female users. Overall, the result shows that male users are more adapted to e-learning compared to female users.
    Keywords: e-learning; gender-difference; attitude; behavior; technology awareness; India.

  • Innovativeness in Brazilian Startups: the effect of the absorptive capacity and environmental dynamism   Order a copy of this article
    by Carlos Eduardo Carvalho, Carlos Ricardo Rossetto, Andrezza Aparecida Saraiva Piekas 
    Abstract: Considering the importance of the innovativeness for the success of the startups, we examined the relationship between absorptive capacity (ACAP), innovativeness and environmental dynamism, with a sample of 104 Brazilian startups surveyed at incubators. Structural equation modeling found several results. I) Dynamic external environments positively influence the innovativeness of startups. II) Dynamic environments influence firms to absorb external knowledge. III) ACAP influence innovativeness, so greater the ACAP, greater the firm's innovativeness. IV) ACAP mediates the relationship between dynamic environments and innovativeness. The findings contribute to innovation approaches by analyzing the impact of environmental dynamics, and especially by demonstrate the mediate role of the ACAP. In addition to theoretical advancement, we offer practical contributions to managers interested in intensifying their innovative practices.
    Keywords: Absorptive capacity; Innovativeness; Environmental dynamism; Innovation practices; Startups; Incubators; Technology incubators; Mediation effect; Technology-based entrepreneurship; Technology-based new firms.

  • The Impact of Management Method on IT Projects Success   Order a copy of this article
    by Sigal Kordova, Moti Zwilling, Omer Rozen 
    Abstract: The current study examined the relationship between the extent to which project management is carried out according to the PMBOK guide and project success in 70 IT projects. The study presented prediction tools that assisted in predicting project success. Results exhibit a positive, strong, and significant relationship between managing projects based on the PMBOK guidelines and project success. In addition, a significant difference in the success score measure was found between projects managed using the Waterfall and Scrum methods. The current studys implications may be useful for technological organizations that utilize the PMBOK guidelines for their project management needs.
    Keywords: Project Management; Critical Success Factors; Linear Methodology; Iterative Methodology; Agile Methodology; The Waterfall Model; Innovativeness.

  • Human Resource Development and Spiritual Intelligence: An investigation amongst Management students in Delhi NCR   Order a copy of this article
    by Navneet Gera, Walter Vesperi, Davide Di Fatta, Ajay Sahni, Anjali Arora 
    Abstract: The study seeks to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence and its relative impact on students' academic performance. Several studies link SI with intellectual development.rnThis study aims to analyse the phenomenon of Spiritual Intelligence (SI) within the framework of human resource development (HRD) research. Qualitative and quantitative data were analysed. The study was conducted among management students residing in Delhi NCR. The findings confirm that spiritual quotient factors are applicable in the Indian context. In addition, the study reveals that the spiritual quotient is significantly correlated with academic performance. The study uses the scale developed by King (2008) to measure spiritual intelligence through SISRI (Spiritual Intelligence Self Report Inventory) which includes 24 statements. From the available constructs of the spiritual quotient, the CET (Critical existential thinking) and the PMP (Personal meeting production) have a positive relationship with academic performance. The academic performance is explained by 19% using CET and PMP. Therefore, management institutions must also instil the culture of spiritualism within the institute to improve the performance of management students. The study tries to cover part of the gap in the HRM literature on the SI topic
    Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence; Academic Performance; Emotional Intelligence; HumanrnResource Development; HRM; Higher Education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2021.10026330
     
  • Determinants of Innovative Development and Their Importance for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises in Poland   Order a copy of this article
    by Robert Stanislawski 
    Abstract: Poland is a country poorly developed in terms of its innovativeness. It belongs to the penultimate group of countries according to the innovation level (moderate innovators). Despite its overall innovative development, a sharp decline (retardation) of innovative activity has been noted in the case of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the last year. Hence, the need for analyzing determinants (factors) of their innovative de-velopment. In the framework of this article, three groups of factors were taken into account: SMEs' strategy, resources and willingness to cooperate with the environment (open innovation). The analysis of their signifi-cance was made on the basis of the research carried out in 2016 on a group of 819 entities. It covered only those SMEs which had conducted innovative activity in the past three years, had headquarters in one of six voivod-ships in Poland and primarily conducted manufacturing activities. As part of the study, researchers answered the questions regarding the strength and significance of as well as the reasons for the impact of these determinants on SMEs' innovative development. The main aim of the article is to provide a multi-threaded overview of the issues of innovative development of SMEs and to conduct an analysis of determinants in this field.
    Keywords: Innovative development; innovativeness; innovations; determinants of innovative development; small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); open innovation.

  • Group Learning: An Analysis of Individuals in Software Development Teams Who Perform Interdependent Tasks   Order a copy of this article
    by Letícia Rodrigues Da Fonseca, Marcelo Ribeiro Silva, Sheldon William Silva, Guilherme Marques Pereira 
    Abstract: This paper aims to understand how group learning occurs within Software Development Organizations (SDOs). The specific objectives are (i) understand and describe the learning process in teams that perform interdependent tasks according to the addressed theoretical perspective and, (ii) understand and describe how developers apply the resources and infrastructures available in these organizations for their learning. Qualitative research of a multiple case study was conducted in four SDOs applying semi-structured interviews. The subjects interviewed were involved in the software development process. The analyses were performed with the qualitative data analysis software Weft_QDA. The results show that group learning does occur in SDOs through information and communication technologies, which allow developers to interact and share their knowledge. There is an asset repository that stores the knowledge acquired during the projects, equivalent to a Transactive Memory System (TMS).
    Keywords: Group learning; Interdependent tasks; Software Development Organizations.

  • Is Teaming Possible for Enhancing a Teaching Style towards Developing Thai Undergraduates Learning and Performance Behaviour?   Order a copy of this article
    by Pichaphob Panphae, Ravee Phoewhawm 
    Abstract: One of the most important aspects of economic growth is the constant development of higher education preparing future graduates to become competent and capable in contributing their skills and abilities to their industries. The academic instructors and undergraduate students who will have to change their paradigm and procedures in teaching and learning to make the aptitude of future graduates become strong candidates for institutions. The aim is to see the possibility of teaming amongst academic instructors and Thai undergraduates to enhance a teaching style that can improve the latters way of gaining knowledge and accomplishing things. A sample group of 200 students were asked about their viewpoints on the factors leading to avoidance in learning and performance, and an open-ended question conducted with 208 instructors with their feedback were utilized for analysis. Teaming is possible as long as the factors making students avoid mastery and performance are taken into consideration.
    Keywords: Fear; Image; Learning; Mastery; Performance; Procrastination; Teaching; Teaming.

  • The Roles Of Local Government In Moderating The Correlation Of Creative Destruction As The Mediation Between Innovation Speed And Competitiveness Of Food Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises In Malang, Indonesia   Order a copy of this article
    by Stefanus Yufra 
    Abstract: Purpose -- This study aims to analyze and explain the role of local governments in moderating the change between innovation development on the competitiveness of food Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) with the destruction of creativity as mediating the relationship between innovation development and the competitiveness of food SMEs. Design/methodology/approach The study was conducted on food SMEs registered at the Office of Cooperatives and SMEs in the Greater Malang area. All listed SMEs were sampled (saturated samples) as many as 161 food SMEs. The research approach is quantitative with embedded design, namely qualitative data attached to the results of quantitative analysis. Quantitative data were collected using a questionnaire and then completed with unstructured interviews with 8 (eight) owners and managers of food SMEs. The data obtained were analyzed using WarpPLS. Findings The results prove that the speed of innovation development increases the competitiveness of food SMEs. The idea of innovation that is quickly realized and more quickly enters the market has a greater opportunity to increase competitiveness. The roles of local government significantly strengthened the correlation between innovation speed and the competitiveness of food SMEs. The roles of local government were most strongly reflected on the promotion, marketing, and training. Creative destruction is proven to partially mediate the effect of the speed of innovation development on the competitiveness of food SMEs. The competitiveness of food SMEs can be increased if the speed of innovation development is followed by creative destruction, by increasing the competence of workers and maintaining innovations that have been achieved to strengthen the market base. Research limitation/implications The main limitation of this study is that it analyzes processed foods and innovations in general. Future research should investigate one type of processed food based on the typology of innovation so as to provide more effective and efficient recommendations. Originality/value -- This is the first known analysis of innovation speed and creative destruction for small and medium-sized enterprises of food sector.
    Keywords: innovation speed; creative destruction; competence-enhancing; sustaining innovation; SMEs; competitiveness.

  • Active learning effects on students performance: a methodological proposal combining cooperative approaches towards improving hard and soft skills   Order a copy of this article
    by Adriano Bressane, Vivian Silveira Dos Santos Bardini, Marianne Spalding 
    Abstract: Despite some consensus about benefits of the cooperative learning, empirical evidence of its effects at the higher education is still limited. In the present paper, cooperative learning is addressed as a pedagogic strategy in engineering education, in order to verify the hypothesis of improvement in students performance. For that, firstly the Fast-300 based learning is introduced, as a methodological proposal combining cooperative approaches. From a case study, an analysis of variance was carried out comparing the average of scores obtained in tests, before and after the application of Fast-300 method. Moreover, students' perception with regard the effect on theoretical understanding, communication, logical reasoning, and leadership, were collected using a questionnaire with Likert 5-point scale. Then, an index was generated to measure the active learning effect based on this perception. As a result, the analysis of variance showed that the students performance in the tests after the application of cooperative approach had a statistically significant improvement. In addition, the students perception also indicated improvement of the skills evaluated. In conclusion, the Fast-300 proposal combining cooperative approaches can be considered a promising alternative for improving both hard and soft-skills. Future studies may evaluate the effects of this methodology on cognitive permanence, emotional effects, among other skills.
    Keywords: student skill; educational research; student-centered learning.

  • KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND TACIT KNOWLEDGE   Order a copy of this article
    by Srecko Natek, Dušan Lesjak 
    Abstract: Knowledge management explores knowledge through two distinctive approaches: personal (tacit) knowledge and codified (explicit) knowledge. Knowledge management systems (KMS) are defined as software solutions using various information technologies (IT) for developing knowledge management applications. The role of IT in supporting explicit knowledge codification is well explored and advocated, while the role of IT in supporting tacit knowledge or even substituting it is not. The paper reviews literature from a perspective of knowledge workers cognitive activities through two research questions: How tacit knowledge should be supported or even substituted by KMS and how should guidelines be developed to distinguish IT support for explicit and also tacit knowledge. The result is suitable to understand how tacit knowledge can be supported by KMS and guide knowledge workers and managers to distinguish IT support for tacit knowledge, thus helping them to choose the appropriate IT to develop usable merged explicit and tacit knowledge management solutions.
    Keywords: tacit knowledge; explicit knowledge; knowledge management system; knowledge management; information technology; innovation; learning.

  • Evaluation of Online Team-Based Game Development using SNS tools   Order a copy of this article
    by Akiko Teranishi, Minoru Nakayama, Theodor Wyeld, Mohamad Eid 
    Abstract: Online game development activity using multi-cultural Team-based Learning (TBL) was examined in order to identify contributing factors to learning activities by analysing the participants characteristics, communications, and reflections. In this study, 12 collaborating participants from two countries were divided into three teams. The main collaborative task was to develop a game and improve its usability for users. Participants characteristics and information literacy were measured as parameters for learning activity as well as developing a product for assessment. A learning reflection questionnaire was conducted to evaluate the participants efficacy, satisfaction and sense of achievement in learning, and any difficulties they experienced. Participants social media communications were classified into four categories: Proposal, Permission, Encouragement, and Acknowledgement, based on the participants type of communication activity. These relationships were analysed to summarise participants activities and to develop supporting procedures.
    Keywords: Team-Based Learning; Learning reflection; Social Media Interaction.

  • Towards Intelligent Organizations: An Empirical investigation of Learning Orientation's role in Technical Innovation   Order a copy of this article
    by Mohamed Alnuaimi, Haitham M. Alzoubi, Dana Ajelat, Ali A. Alzoubi 
    Abstract: The next era to build a robust and competitive performance undoubtedly rely on innovation ability in its essence. Intelligent organizations are the ones that can learn how to create and innovate. Also to improve the technical innovation ability in software companies, we propose a knowledge-based integration between intelligent organizations and learning orientation. The purpose of the study to examine whether intelligent organizations may enhance learning orientation and whether both of them may improve technical innovation. Additionally, the study aims to investigate the mediating role of learning orientation in the impact of intelligent organizations on technical Innovationhen in Jordanian Software Companies. The study followed the descriptive design, and the survey approach was used. The questionnaires were distributed to the top and middle management employees who working in Jordanian Software Companies. A (105) questionnaires were appropriate for analysis. Meanwhile, Path analysis, ANOVA, Regression and Correlation were used to test the hypotheses. The results indicate that intelligent organizations and learning orientation are good predictors to improve Technical Innovation. Findings support that intelligent organizations, and especially the ones that know how to learn and store the appropriate knowledge, would able to master the technical innovation. Moreover, developing collective intelligence and achieve purpose found to be essential to be intelligent, followed by a Mobilize Resources and Understanding environment. Practical implications urge organizations to adopt knowledge-based models and build up the collective individuals intelligence that leads to innovation.
    Keywords: Intelligent Organizations; Learning Organization; Technical Innovation; Software Companies.

  • Self-regulated Learning Skills as the Predictors for the Positive Perception of the Online Accelerated Instruction Learning Experiences   Order a copy of this article
    by Cherng-Jyh Yen, Chih-Hsiung Tu, E. Emre Ozkeskin, Laura Sujo-Montes 
    Abstract: Many institutions have adopted an online accelerated instruction model in which intensive classes are offered during the course of a normal semester to help students to complete classes. The goal of accelerated instructions is to offer students the advantage of completing classes in a shorter time span. Current research focused on comparing different instructional lengths, reporting mixed findings. Online accelerated instructions are not necessarily superior or inferior to traditional 16-week instructions. Research should focus on the preparation of students on how to succeed in accelerated online courses. This study examines how self-regulated learning skills may serve as predictors to successful learning experiences through online accelerated instructions. It concludes that all six self-regulated learning skills can predict online accelerated learning experience success and suggested that educators should identify and prepare students with relevant self-regulated learning skills prior to the accelerated instructions to prepare for positive learning.
    Keywords: Self-Regulated Learning; Online Learning; Instruction Lengths; Course Scheduling; Predictive Analytics.

  • iPads in special educational needs schools: categorization and individualization of learning from the view of Czech education   Order a copy of this article
    by Vojtech Gybas, Ivana Simonova, Katerina Kostolanyova 
    Abstract: The main objective of the article is to present results of research conducted in the field of special educational needs (SEN) education, particularly (1) to provide deeper insight in the SEN system of education in the Czech Republic, (2) to design the categorization of SEN learners reflecting their abilities to work with iPads, (3) to verify this design within the Czech educational system. Categorization is built on three levels of difficulty of task and four levels of learners
    Keywords: Special Educational Needs; SEN; iPad; categorization; individualization; difficulty; autonomy; framework educational programme; Czech Republic.

  • Engineering educators perspectives on the feasibility of fostering sustainability through the Internet of Things   Order a copy of this article
    by Wisuit Sunthonkanokpong, Elizabeth Murphy 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify the feasibility of integrating the Internet of Things (IoT) in Engineering Education (EE) to promote environmental, social and economic sustainability. This purpose is explored through self-report surveys with 113 engineering educators in Thailand. Analysis relied on descriptive statistics and two-way ANOVA. Results revealed high feasibility of integration with less feasibility for social sustainability. There were no significant differences in relation to feasibility and demographic factors such as educators years of experience and type of EE. Respondents identified factors that can promote the integration. These were grouped into the following categories: Curricula and program; Instructor- and student -related factors; Administrative and policy factors and; Technology-related factors.
    Keywords: Innovation; Internet of Things; Engineering education; sustainability; problem-based learning; project-based learning.

  • Teaching Approach and Student Performance in E-learning   Order a copy of this article
    by Nancy Tsai 
    Abstract: Despite the various benefits generated from online teaching/learning, this approach always produces a high drop rate and a low passing rate resulting from some students lack of discipline, motivation, and guidance in an isolated learning environment. A crucial responsibility of an online instructor is to increase students learning engagements and their academic performances via a teaching motivation strategy and its implementation approach. This study examines and assesses impacts on students learning performances from one motivation strategy and two implementation approaches: teacher-motivated and teacher-guided. The substance of the motivation strategy is based on the ARCS motivation model and implementation approaches utilize two motivation principles of self-determination theory. Findings suggest that the implementation approach is just as important as the motivation strategy for improving students learning. The teacher-guided approach with active and constant virtual communication between instructor and students significantly increases students learning efforts and academic performances.
    Keywords: online learning; motivation; teaching approach.

Special Issue on: Enhancing Learning Effectiveness with Multifaceted Learning

  • Teaching and learning with video modelling: production with limited budget and influence of familiar faces on learning effectiveness   Order a copy of this article
    by Lap-Kei Lee, Andrew Kwok-Fai Lui, Oliver T.S. Au, Sin-Chun Ng, Nga-In Wu 
    Abstract: Using instructional videos is popular, yet video production is expensive and the impact of production value on learning is uncertain. This paper presented how instructional videos can be produced with limited budget by leveraging the manpower of student helpers, and how a familiar face in the videos affects the learning outcomes. An instructor appearing on a video was known to affect learning effectiveness, yet similar effect by face familiarity remains open. We produced two sets of videos to teach business etiquette to undergraduates (n = 47), with casts familiar and unfamiliar to students, respectively, and assigned two groups of students to view each of them. Both groups learnt equally well, but familiar faces significantly reduced learning effectiveness for students who worked full-time before; otherwise, face familiarity has no impact on learning outcomes. Theoretical explanation is provided. We hope these results are useful to education practitioners in using instructional videos.
    Keywords: instructional video; limited production budget; face familiarity; learning outcomes.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10028775
     
  • The use of 360-degree videos to facilitate pre-learning and reflection on learning experiences   Order a copy of this article
    by Shinichi Sato, Makoto Kageto 
    Abstract: This study investigates the effective use of 360-degree videos recorded during student fieldwork. Typical fieldwork procedures comprise three steps: pre-learning, on-site fieldwork, and post-learning. This study aims to support mainly pre- and post-learning steps. Four fieldwork experiences were targeted in which the students recorded 360-degree videos, reflected on their experience, and presented their experiences to non-participating students by showing their 360-degree videos on a virtual reality headset. By observing these actions, the authors were able to determine some of the effects of using 360-degree videos as a learning aid, including helping students detect what they missed while on site, maintaining students' excitement and motivation after returning, and promoting pre-learning for younger students. Further practical efforts are needed to confirm such effects and pursue appropriate use of 360-degree video for fieldwork.
    Keywords: virtual reality; 360-degree camera; experiential learning; fieldwork; reflection; higher education.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10028760
     
  • Motivating students' learning in science and technology by using robots   Order a copy of this article
    by Junlong Zhang, Ivan Ka Wai Lai, Weiwei Xu 
    Abstract: Nowadays, science and technology (S&T) are one of the significant impetuses for economy and development. Therefore, how to arouse students' interest and inspire their motivation toward S&T becomes a hot topic for researchers and educators. The aim of the study is to evaluate how a robot (or a group of robots) can stimulate college students' interest in science and technology and motivate them to learn S&T. A case study was conducted in the Macau University of Science and Technology where robots were brought in the campus in September 2017. An online questionnaire survey was carried out and 264 valid data were analysed by using SmartPLS. The results show that the appearance and functionality of robots affect students' interest in robots, further indirectly affects interest in S&T, and ultimately motivate students to learn S&T.
    Keywords: robots; science and technology; features and functions; motivation; interest.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10028773
     
  • Design and evaluation on interface for screen operation for supporting practical training using ICT in elementary and secondary education   Order a copy of this article
    by Hiroshi Hazama, Yasuo Ebara, Tsukasa Ogasawara 
    Abstract: In this paper, we proposed and designed the interface for screen operation to satisfy some requirements for supporting the practical training using ICT in elementary and secondary education. Further, we conducted the actual practical training using ICT by using the proposed interface for screen operation, and evaluated the effect of the interface for screen operation. From these results, we confirmed the increase in communication between a teacher and students, as compared to conventional practical training, and showed the effectiveness of the interface for screen operation. In addition, we proposed a pointing operation method to make the natural arm condition conscious and evaluated the interface for screen operation by trial use in the simulated practical training by some teachers. As a result, we showed that it has a high possibility of reducing tiredness in practical training than other interfaces even when used for a long time.
    Keywords: elementary and secondary education; information communication technology; ICT; wearable interface; communication; tiredness; the natural arm condition; practical training.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10028774
     
  • Understanding K-12 students' information literacy in informal learning environments: a literature review   Order a copy of this article
    by Sha Zhu, Di Wu, Harrison Yang, Yang Li, Jason MacLeod 
    Abstract: Information literacy has long been considered as a set of decontextualised skills from behaviourist perspective, or as a learning process from the constructivist perspective. With both conceptualisations, information literacy research has primarily emphasised formal learning environments. This literature review relies upon socio-cultural theory to expand understanding of K-12 students' information literacy within the under-represented perspective of informal learning environments, such as homes, public properties, and online spaces. Guided by the research questions, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were identified to select the related literatures for review. The literature review shows that K-12 students engage in a range of digital meaning-making practices in informal learning environments. It is recommended that the evaluation standards and approaches for students' information literacy should be changed, and a collaborative relationship should be established among schools, families, and the communities for promoting information literacy.
    Keywords: K-12 students; information literacy; informal learning environments; socio-cultural perspective; family spaces; public places; online places.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10028766
     
  • Peer assessment of peer assessment plan: a deep learning approach of teacher assessment literacy   Order a copy of this article
    by Wing Shui Ng, Haoran Xie, Fu Lee Wang, Tingting Li 
    Abstract: The rationales of using assessment to enhance learning have been highly recognised. However, the issue of assessment literacy deficiency and insecurity about effective assessment implementation among pre-service and in-service teachers has been documented, which inevitably weakens the effectiveness of using assessment to improve learning. In this study, a deep learning approach with a core component of peer assessment of peer assessment plan was implemented to enhance the assessment literacy of a group of pre-service teachers. The design was informed by the taxonomy of learning in the cognitive domain and affective domain. Results show that they were able to prepare peer assessment plans in good quality. After conducting the activity of peer assessment on peer assessment plan, they demonstrated a deep level of attitude change and explicitly expressed their willingness to implement peer assessment in their future teaching. The deep learning approach to a great extent enhanced teachers' assessment literacy.
    Keywords: assessment literacy; peer assessment; peer feedback; assessment for learning; assessment education; deep learning; taxonomy of learning; blended learning; pre-service teacher; teacher training.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10028772
     
  • Older adults as the internet users: age and gender approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Ivana Simonova, Petra Poulova, Pavel Prazak, Blanka Klimova 
    Abstract: Currently, aging has become an important topic as the amount of older adults is increasing. Therefore, there are efforts to prolong an active life of older people, and ICT, both devices and services may assist them in this process. The purpose of this study is to explore the use of the internet among older people in the Czech Republic with respect to their age and gender. The key methods exploited in this study include a questionnaire survey. The results indicate that the age is a decisive factor in the use of the internet by seniors. However, the gender seems not to belong to important factors. Generally, older people mostly use the internet for socialising (communication, sharing images), gaining information and exploiting e-services (banking, shopping). The results also suggest that they should be trained in the use of the internet and considering the collected information.
    Keywords: older adults; seniors; active; age; gender; internet; internet activities; internet services; University of the Third Age; U3V; questionnaire.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJIL.2020.10028763
     

Special Issue on: ICTE 2019 Technological Innovations for Enhancing Effectiveness in Education

  • Factors Affecting Macau Undergraduate students Acceptance of hospitability English APP: Applicability of UTAUT Model   Order a copy of this article
    by Sha Fang, Xiaohong Wu, Ivan Ka Wai Lai 
    Abstract: This paper tests the acceptance of hospitality English app by undergraduate students in Macau. In order to supplement the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model, the study proposes six factors of smartphone hospitality English app using willingness: performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating condition, perceived entertainment and English self-efficacy. 392 valid data was collected in 3 universities of Macau, and partial least squares structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. Results showed that performance expectancy, social influence, perceived entertainment and English self-efficacy had positive influences to the intention of using hospitability English app for Macau undergraduate students. On the other hand, effort expectancy and facilitating condition were not significant predictors to Macau undergraduate students intention to use hospitability English app. According to the findings in this study, discussions and implications are also provided to related researchers and the hospitality English app developers.
    Keywords: Determining Factors; Technology Acceptance; English Learning; UTAUT; Macau.

  • K12 Teacher-Students Interaction Patterns in the Smart Classrooms   Order a copy of this article
    by Zehui Zhan, Qianyi Wu, Wenchang He, Shuyue Cheng, Jinyao Lu, Yining Han 
    Abstract: This paper examined the teacher and students interaction behaviors in Smart Classrooms (SC) and Traditional Multi-media Classrooms (TMC), in order to compare the features on interaction patterns between these two classroom settings, and visualize the existing problems of in-class teaching. Ten courses were recorded and analyzed. Five of them were carried out in SC and five were in TMC. A scene-based Teacher-Student Interaction behavior scheme was set up, and a total of 1874 pieces of behaviors were collected and coded sequentially. Then, the Lag Sequence Analysis (LSA) was adopted for visualizing the behavior pattern diagram. Results indicated that, in SC settings, significantly more teacher-student interactions took place, and the amount of time spent on group activities was increased. Besides, the Smart Classroom is helpful to improve teacher-student interaction with richer types and higher efficiency. The pedagogy has been changed from Q&A-based teaching in TMCs to inquiry- and group-based learning in SCs.
    Keywords: Smart Classroom; Traditional Multi-media Classroom; Teacher-Student Interaction; Behavior Coding; Lag Sequence Analysis.

  • Learning Engagement through Content Creation: A Case Study   Order a copy of this article
    by Angel Lu, Yan Keung Hui, Bo Mai, Lam For Kwok 
    Abstract: Engaged learners have higher learning motivation and positive behaviors which promote active learning. Although it is generally accepted that student engagement is an essential factor to help learners achieve academic successfulness and to become lifelong learners, barriers, like long preparation time and students expectation, have forced educators to reconsider the benefits of engaged learning. In this paper, we propose a practical content creation learning process through an online discussion forum to cultivate learners engagement and their activeness under a blended learning environment. The longitudinal study was carried out in two primary classes in Panyu, China, for two years. All data were collected and analyzed to provide quantitative results that students Chinese performances and participation enhanced because the design of the learning activity through content creation increased the engagement of students, which resulted in active learning among learners. This paper is an extended research based on an abridged paper submitted to ICTE 2019, to fill research gaps in both identifying the role of learning activity design in the process of cultivating learners engaged learning and active learning.
    Keywords: Learning engagement; Engaged Learning; Active Learning; Blended Learning; Learning Activity Design.

  • Humanism and Didactic Theorems from the Early Modern Era in the Knowledge Society   Order a copy of this article
    by Miloslava Cerna 
    Abstract: The paper is conceived as a debate on humanist values and educational theorems that are still favourable and topical at our era. These principles meet requirements on innovations coming from the development of technologies and economics with their consequences on society, culture and education. Blended learning is a flexible concept with the potential to reflect demands of society and market on education as well as is able to incorporate technology into the process of education. Didactic principles formulated nearly 400 years ago are permanent constituent of the design and management of teaching and learning in the virtual space as well as in in-class education. This paper shows how the didactic ideas go through the centuries, keep continuity and give a kind of order to the process of education. Examples of selected educational principles in the language e-courses are described in the practical part of the paper.
    Keywords: Humanism; reforms; didactic; Knowledge society; blended learning; e-course; content development; needs analysis; motivation; education.

  • An Evidence-based Model of Adaptive Blended Learning for Health Education Serving Families with a Parent or Child Who Has a Medical Problem   Order a copy of this article
    by Jayshiro Tashiro 
    Abstract: We describe a blended learning model that has been built into an educational platform to provide evidence-based health education and psychological support for families in which one or more members has a medical problem. The platform design evolved from studies of the leading causes of death in the United States, including chronic and acute medical issues as well as injuries typified by pathophysiological and psychological facets difficult for most adults and children to understand. We studied blended learning platforms suitable for providing all members of a family with evidence-based health education. During this process we found that few current web-based models for patient and family education are grounded in both theories of cognition and learning and also theories of health behavioural change. In this paper, we describe our current evidence-based health education platform for familiesSIGNAL-PATCH. This platform allows selection of preferred grounded theories but also assesses both parents and childrens prior knowledge and accuracy of such knowledge. The platform we developed also assesses parents and childrens readiness to engage in learning, readiness to shift behaviours in ways that will improve health, and monitors for possible psychological trauma in each family member.
    Keywords: Healthcare education; patient education; adaptive blended learning; evidence-based instruction; educational technology.

Special Issue on: EIC 2019 Knowledge Creation and Technological Innovation in the IR 4.0

  • Development of Hospital Virtual Tour with Virtual Reality-based Panorama   Order a copy of this article
    by Adhistya Erna Permanasari, Dian Anggriawan Hidayat, Sunu Wibirama, Intan Sulistyaningrum Sakkinah, Dayang Rohaya Awang Rambli 
    Abstract: Information technology has an important role as a mean of socializing the institution profile to the society, including hospitals as public services. Virtual reality technology, along with panoramic photo as a multimedia component, supports the need for visualization that can be made almost as real as the original. In this research, we utilized virtual reality to introduce hospital building and its rooms. The Multimedia Development Life Cycle method was used in this development. Our main focus was on analyzing the effect of text cueing in panoramic design. User can explore the hospital tour virtually. The User Experience Questionnaire (UEQ) was used to evaluate each application. A significance level of those comparisons was tested by using the Wilcoxon test. In general, both UEQ assessed both applications were in the range above average to excellent scores. The experimental results showed that the approach could enhance some user experience aspects. These elements were attractiveness, stimulation, and novelty. While perspicuity, dependability, and novelty, were not significant improved according to Wilcoxon result. This research implies that the use of text cueing improves user experience in virtual tour with panoramic virtual reality.
    Keywords: virtual reality; panoramic; text cueing; user experience questionnaire; Wilcoxon.

  • Study on the influencing factors of the flexibility of university IT management in education 4.0   Order a copy of this article
    by Wasilah Wasilah, Lukito Edi Nugroho, Paulus Insap Santosa, Shaymaa Sorour 
    Abstract: Education systems at all levels should embrace new technologies to comply with industry 4.0 developments. Universities need to adapt to these new changes. Flexibility is an essential factor, but studies that discuss the flexibility in service-based organizations are limited. The study of IT flexibility currently focuses on manufacturing organizations in aspects of IT infrastructure. IT infrastructure flexibility is not enough, because it is only one IT resource that is managed in IT management.The contribution of this study is to produce variables that significantly influence the flexibility of IT management in the university. T tests obtained that there are six variables that have a significant direct effect. The variables are data integration, modularity of an application, value drivers, human resource competence, human resource development and knowledge sharing. R square test shows that these variables also simultaneously influence the flexibility of IT management universities with a fairly high influence of 76%.
    Keywords: IT management; flexibility; higher education; education 4.0.

  • The Impact of Perceived Usability on Mobile Wallet Acceptance: A Case of Gopay Indonesia   Order a copy of this article
    by Ni Made Estiyanti, Delfa Agustia, Rafiqa Amini Mulia, Randa Alfarisyi, Restow Frandha, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, Sherah Kurnia 
    Abstract: The rapid growth of mobile communication technology leads to the more frequently used mobile payments particularly the mobile wallet (m-wallet). This research aims to identify the factors that influence the use intention of mobile wallet in Indonesia, particularly from the perceived usability perspective, combined with the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). This research employs survey research by distributing an online questionnaire to users of Gopay, which is a leader of m-wallet providers in the Indonesian market. The data from 167 valid respondents were processed and analyzed using Partial Least Square (PLS) with the help of SmartPLS 2.0 software. Our findings showed that perceived usability affects users intention to adopt m-wallet through perceived usefulness and perceived enjoyment variables. This paper also discusses several recommendations for m-wallet providers and developers to increase m-wallet adoption in Indonesia.
    Keywords: Innovation; Mobile Wallet; Technology Acceptance Model; Perceived Usability; Indonesia; Learning.

Special Issue on: ICBL/ISET 2019 Technology-enabled Active and Personalised Learning

  • Project-based collaborative learning with an online evidence-based assessment system   Order a copy of this article
    by Jiemin Zhong, Di Zou, Wai Man Winnie Lam, Haoran Xie 
    Abstract: In this research, we developed an online assessment system to assist students' collaboration and quantify the collaborative learning process. We collected the learning behaviour data using this system, analysed the impact of group collaboration on students' learning performance, and explored the relationship between group collaboration and course difficulty. The results showed that the more advanced course induced more group collaboration, but group collaboration may not have significant effects on the academic achievements of the participants. Furthermore, cooperative learning had five basic elements, and face-to-face communication was essential for assessing collaborative group learning. To better measure the learning performance of the students, we improved the scoring criteria, established a more flexible assessment system, and analysed the effectiveness of collaborative learning of small groups from more dimensions.
    Keywords: project-based learning; learning performance; wiki; collaborative learning; online learning; assessment; online learning system; blended learning; learning behaviour; higher education.

Special Issue on: Strengthening Vocational Education Systems for the Disruptive Innovation Era

  • Relevance of Student Productive Skills Competencies Based on Construction Services Needs   Order a copy of this article
    by Rolly R. Oroh, Julyeta P.A. Runtuwene, Morris S.S. Tumanduk, Verry R. Palilingan 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the relevance of student productive skills competencies according to the needs of construction services. This study uses a quantitative research approach. Data was obtained through the performance test instrument for students as respondents with 3 work indicators in construction work, namely preparation of supporting materials, preparation of work sites, and implementation of work. The instrument was developed from the results of focus group discussions with actors of construction services and in accordance with the Indonesian National Work Competency Standards. Student respondents were taken randomly from 3 Vocational High Schools (VHS) in North Sulawesi. Respondents from construction service actors are representatives of 5 construction service companies listed in the Construction Services Development Board of North Sulawesi. The results of the study found that students had the relevance of productive skill competencies, with details of 63.46% of students being the most suitable, 34.62% of students were quite suitable and a number of 1.92% of students were less suitable. Then it was concluded that students of vocational high schools in North Sulawesi as respondents had a minimum standard of productive skills competency according to the needs of construction services in carrying out construction work. The contribution of this study is to show the data as a result of this study about the level of achievement of the productive skills competency of VHS student that relevance with the needs of the construction service industry.
    Keywords: Productive Skills; Student Productive Skills Competencies; Relevance of Vocational Education; Construction Services.

  • Education Indicator Evaluation of UI Green Metric of Campus Sustainability of Faculty of Engineering Universitas Negeri Semarang   Order a copy of this article
    by Wahyuningsih , I. Made Sudana, Dewi Selvia Fardhyanti, Moch Fathoni Setiawan, Syahdan Sigit Maulana, Agung Nugroho, Ahmad Mustamil Khoiron 
    Abstract: Education is one of the categories and indicators of sustainable campus assessment used in UI Green Metric World University Ranking. This research aimed to evaluate the education indicator in Faculty of Engineering Universitas Negeri Semarang toward the ranking in UI Green Metric. Mixed assessment is carried out to identify curriculum, study implementation plans, and sustainable research. The requirements assessment collected in each department then screened through terminology scan as preliminary assessment. Then sustainability linkages were analysed to henceforth calculate. The result showed that Faculty of Engineering Universitas Negeri Semarang has 53.79% sustainability ratio of education indicator. This evaluation contributes as a reference to increase the value of sustainability in education indicators especially the curriculum and study implementation plans.
    Keywords: campus sustainability; UI Green Metric; curriculum; study implementation plans; research.

  • CHARACTER LEARNING MODEL IN HOTEL PRACTICE LEARNING BASED ON MINAHASA LOCAL WISDOM FOR STUDENTS OF TOURISM DEPARTMENT   Order a copy of this article
    by Bernadain Polii, Diane Tangian, Agustinus Lumettu 
    Abstract: The values of life as a source of knowledge in character education can be obtained from Mapalus a- local wisdom. Whose main characteristic is concern for others and the surroundings . In hotel hospitality practice, students should have competencies in their fields that must be owned when they graduete.This learning model design should be developed more operationally in order to be easily implemented.So, the resuted model will be beneficial in determining the steps or policies of character education in this practical learning.The research method used is based on the first year research objective which is to design the learning model of hospitality practice.The analysis shows good results but stillneed to be improved and included in the semester learning plan.
    Keywords: character education; hospitality learning; local wisdom.

  • Implementation of Welat Inovasi (Innovated Welat) (Latino): As an Entrepreneurial Readiness for Beauty Education Study Program Students   Order a copy of this article
    by Ade Novi Nurul Ihsani, Pardjono Pardjono, Khieng Chana 
    Abstract: Difficulties faced by students in making Solo wedding brides decreased the interest in entrepreneurship of Solo wedding bride makeup. This study aims: 1) to determine the feasibility of latino products; 2) to investigate the entrepreneurial readiness of Beauty Education Study Program graduates from the aspect of cognitive, affective and psychomotor to entrepreneur in the solo wedding bride makeup. The variables revealed were the feasibility of latino products, and the readiness of graduates for entrepreneurship (cognitive, affective, psychomotor). The research type was experimental and survey research. This research was conducted in the Beauty Education Study Program of Home Economics Education Department of Faculty of Engineering of UNNES. The research population is students who have passed the bridal makeup course. The sampling technique in this study was purposive sampling totaling 33 students. Data collection instruments consisted of: (1) observation sheets, (2) questionnaire sheets for affective aspects of student readiness, (3) questions for students 'cognitive aspects readiness, (4) assessment sheets for students' psychomotor aspects readiness. Data analysis was done by percentage descriptive. The study shows that (1) latino is feasible to be used to make paes, (2) the readiness of students in terms of cognitive aspect is high, affective aspect is medium and psychomotor aspect is high.
    Keywords: entrepreneurial readiness; latino; students; learning; innovation.

  • STANDARD COMPETENCY GAPS OF VOCATIONAL TEACHERS   Order a copy of this article
    by Delta Apriyani, Maria Krisnawati, Sita Nurmasitah, Saian Nur Fajri 
    Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the gaps between the professional competence of vocational high school (VOC) teachers of productive subjects and the professional competence standard in learning activities to produce competent graduates to do their jobs. A questionnaire which was mostly consisting of closed questions and multiple choices and supplemented with in-depth interviews was distributed to provide flexibility wherever needed to respondents and explanations and information freely whose confidentiality of answers is guaranteed by researchers. Convenience sampling was used to obtain smooth data collection from respondents, including 10 principals, 50 certified educator teachers from 10 Vocational Schools in Semarang City who have dedication through oral requests participating in this study. This research was conducted for almost three months. It was found that the majority of respondents felt that teacher professional competence was still classified as having a large enough gap to produce an effective and efficient learning process in producing graduates who had competencies in accordance with what was mandated by the curriculum, in order to be able to work referring to the needs of the workforce.
    Keywords: Gaps; professional competence standards; vocational teachers; learning.