International Journal of Happiness and Development (9 papers in press)
Employee playfulness: effects of personality and organizational climate
by Yu-Ling Ho, Ching-Yueh Chen, Liang-Hung Lin
Abstract: Many studies have suggested the importance of playfulness at workplace and that playfulness is likely to be affected by employees own personality as well as the work environment. In the era of uncertainty, employees or talents are the key for organizations to remain competitive in the industry. This study therefore aims to find out the antecedentspersonality traits and organizational playfulness climatein employee playfulness. Grounded on the analysis of survey, this study finds that big five personality traits, in particular extraversion and openness to experience, are positively associated with employees personal playfulness. Moreover, organizational playfulness climate, in particular an organizational climate characterized by playing together and pressure release, has a positive impact on employees personal playfulness at workplace.
Keywords: personal playfulness; personality traits; organizational playfulness climate.
Mediating Role of Financial Satisfaction Between Income and Subjective Wellbeing: An Evidence from Pakistan
by Muhammad Hassan Danish, Hafeez Ur Rehman Khan
Abstract: The present study aims at analyzing the role of income on subjective well-being (SWB) through the mediation channel of financial satisfaction (FS) by deploying the generalized structural equation model (GSEM) with order logit. The data has been collected from 1566 households and individuals in rural and urban Punjab, Pakistan. The results of this study illustrate that education, income and household assets related to FS are significantly positive, while these variables had no significant relationship with SWB. Moreover, the findings of the study showed that income does not affect SWB of people unless they are financially satisfied with their overall position of household. Health, social capital and freedom of choice are also the significant predictors of SWB. The present study will enable the researchers and financial practitioners working in the field of family and consumer policy to assist people in enhancing their FS by utilizing of their financial budget and promoting changes in adverse financial behaviour and increasing their income.
Keywords: income; financial satisfaction; happiness; life satisfaction; life worthwhile; order logit; gsem.
Applying optimization programming and research generator methods to measure subjective well-being within country
by Reza Nadimi, Shiori Tanaka, Koji Tokimatsu
Abstract: Survey data collected from eight countries (Japan, Switzerland, Singapore, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Bhutan, and Indonesia) are used to extract social resources through optimization programming technique as well as resource generator method. These resources are used to propose an aggregated subjective well-being (SWB) indicator in each country. Relationship between this indicator and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is also examined to consider economy impact on SWB. The results indicate that a high GDP per capita is a necessary factor to improve well-being, but non-economic pillar is also essential. Non-economic domains of SWB are more influential in Bhutan, and Indonesia (developing countries). In contrast, the results show a positive relation between the economic domain and SWB in the rest of countries (developed countries). The Safety and Relief, Life Satisfaction, and Expertise and skills factors are significant domains for SWB in developed countries. While, Health and welfare, safety and Relief, and Economic Stability are influential factors in Bhutan, and Indonesia.
Keywords: Social resources; Happiness indicator; Linear optimization programming.
Construction of a social welfare function under consideration of conditional self-interest
by Sabine Spangenberg, David Munyinyi
Abstract: Public choice and social choice theory engage with welfare considerations. The evaluation of appropriate policy instruments is set against defined welfare goals and relies on assumptions about the economic agents sets of motivational forces and their corresponding behaviour. Modern social choice theory constructs welfare aims as social preferences and places emphasis on the democratic tradition that infers preferred social states from individual preferences. Welfare functions have been constructed on the assumption that individuals utilities can be aggregated into collective utility. This paper considers an alternative approach providing implications for the definition of social values and the understanding of welfare. rnThe Ciceronian conditional self-interest will be juxtaposed to Hutchesons consideration of moral sense and benevolence. This will inform further on the limitations of utilitarian assumptions. A kinder approach to human nature that also considers the existence of thought for others generates varied assumptions and an alternative understanding of social phenomena. A de-individualised redefinition of social states is necessary to arrive at a true set of social options. We will demonstrate by parameterising the societal welfare function as a continuous functional relationship, and from the analysis of the resultant welfare function, that consideration for others and constrained self-interest will act to enhance societal benefit.rn
Keywords: social welfare; Hutcheson; Cicero; self-interest; social choice.
The Impact of Changing Values on Life Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey
by Erdem Seçilmi?
Abstract: The present study aimed to identify the determinants of life satisfaction and happiness in Turkey with a special focus on value orientations. For this purpose, data that were collected as a part of the World Values Survey in 1990, 1996, 2001, 2007, and 2012 were used. The findings revealed that levels of life satisfaction and happiness had changed across time. Additionally, the findings indicated that Ingleharts theory of value change is not valid for Turkey. Turkish people tended to demonstrate a materialistic value orientation across the last two waves of the survey. The analytic results of ordered logit models also supported the existence of a significant relationship between value orientations and subjective well-being. The present results suggest that postmaterialists are more satisfied with their lives than materialists who ascribe importance to only traditional economic concerns.
Keywords: life satisfaction; happiness; value orientation; materialism; postmaterialism; Turkey.
Sustainable development and happiness
by Zahra Fotourehchi
Abstract: This study reviews Easterlin Paradox by replacing sustainable development with economic growth for 27 developed and 25 developing countries during 2006-2018 with a dynamic panel model. The results indicate GDP per capita has a positive weak effect on life satisfaction in both developed and developing countries. Moreover, although the positive strong impact of sustainable development on life satisfaction is confirmed in developed countries, this hypothesis is rejected in developing countries. Finally, the hypothesis indicating an inverse U relationship between economic growth and sustainable development with life satisfaction is confirmed in developed countries; however, it is rejected in developing countries. Hence, in developing countries social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development along with improvement in democracy and corruption control should not be ignored to promote happiness. Moreover, in developed countries for avoiding a decrease in happiness, social, economic, political and environmental empowering-encouraging policies should be simultaneously pursued by policy makers.
Keywords: Economic growth; sustainable development; life satisfaction.
Happily Ever After? Egyptians Values and Life Satisfaction after the Arab Spring
by Ronia Hawash, Shireen Alazzawi
Abstract: The Arab Spring that sparked in 2010 provoked significant political turbulence in the region. We expect that such major political, social and economic changes, and violent conflict had an impact on peoples perceptions of happiness and life satisfaction at multiple levels. Peoples initial values with regard to the importance of political participation, government accountability, democracy, freedom of speech and economic equality, affected their perception of happiness and life satisfaction, but were also strongly shaped by these changes as well. Egypt is one of the few countries that experienced both a high intensity of conflict and regime change in the region. We rely on data from two waves of the World Values Survey, one conducted shortly before, and another conducted during the immediate aftermath of the uprising to study these changes. Using logistic regressions and difference-in-difference estimation, our results show that Egyptians are less happy and have lower life satisfaction, yet are more interested in politics and income equality in comparison to before the Arab Spring. Furthermore, Egyptians who valued politics, democracy, and income equality highest, witnessed the steepest decline in their happiness and life satisfaction after the Arab Spring.
Keywords: Arab Spring; Happiness; Life Satisfaction; Egypt; Politics; Democracy; Income Equality; World Values Survey; Middle East and North Africa; MENA; Revolution; Conflict.
Do Psychological Resilience And Life Satisfaction Affect Happiness Levels Of Individuals?: A Case Study For Trabzon University
by Kenan BÜLBÜL, Tugba TÜRKKAN, Hatice ODACI
Abstract: The aim of the research is to examine the effect of psychological resilience and life satisfaction on happiness. Correlational survey methods were used as quantitative research methods. Accordingly, the research included students from different departments of Trabzon University in the spring semester of the 2018-2019 educational year and was completed with 558 students who accepted participation. Within the scope of the study, the demographic information form, Brief Resilience Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire-short formwere used with surveys completed in groups in the classroom environment with the researcher. As a result of the analyses, the happiness levels of students did not differ statistically significantly based on their gender and income levels, but differed statistically significantly based on department they studied and this difference was due to students attending the department of foreign languages education. Additionally, positive statistically significant correlations determined between happiness levels of students with psychological resilience and life satisfaction levels. Finally, according to multiple regression analysis, life satisfaction alone predicted 43% of happiness level, while including psychological resilience was included in the model, theyboth predicted 50%.
Keywords: Happiness; Psychological Resilience; Life Satisfaction; University Students.
COVID-19induced financial anxiety and state of the subjective well-being among the Bangladeshi middle class: The effects of demographic conditions
by A.F.M. Jalal Ahamed
Abstract: In poverty-stricken countries, the middle or working-class usually falls out of focus in fiscal policy discussions, especially during crisis situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, in which governments seek to keep trade moving through grants and subsidies and work to sustain the poor. The current research aims to determine if the pandemic has had an impact on the subjective well-being (SWB) and financial anxiety (FAS) for a middle-class Bangladeshi sample, according to four critical demographic factors: gender, income, residency (capital or outside the capital), and job security. At the height of the pandemic (July 1424, 2020), 129 respondents completed a self-reported survey questionnaire. The results indicate that although people appear to be happy in general, they are worried about their relationships. Women score lower on total well-being than men, as do those with household incomes below the average. People living outside the capital score marginally higher; people with well-secured jobs denote their higher well-being too. Furthermore, the FAS results indicate higher levels of anxiety among people with lower incomes and unsecured jobs. Therefore, the COVID-19 experience might inform future fiscal policies, including potential efforts to introduce universal job security insurance and financial counseling to employees after the pandemic.
Keywords: FAS; BBC-SWB; financial policy; financial therapy; wellbeing counseling.