Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Happiness and Development

International Journal of Happiness and Development (IJHD)

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International Journal of Happiness and Development (12 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • The Influence of Religiosity and Culture on Economic, Environmental and Social Dimension of CSR:A Comparative Case Study of Taiwan and Austria   Order a copy of this article
    by Marius Molter, Vito Bobek, Gorazd Justinek, Tatjana Horvat 
    Abstract: The following paper analyzes the influence of culture and religiosity on Corporate Social Responsibility by assessing the three dimensions of the triple- bottom approach - economic, environmental, and social via creating composite indicators out of relevant questions of the World Value Survey for each field. This study\'s comparative nature includes doing that for the countries Austria and Taiwan, as two very different countries in terms of economic development, religion, and cultural values. The analysis has been done for all available data on the World Value Survey website, and therefore, a comparison of the development of these factors over time is possible. Lastly, a correlation analysis regarding the influence of religiosity on each of those dimensions was applied. The time-series analysis results show a positive trend in all dimensions for both countries, overshadowed by a few heavy decreases. The correlation analysis resulted in a conclusion that is not following previous studies. It suggests negative relationships for two out of the three dimensions in both countries. While in Austria, a positive correlation between religiosity and the economic dimension is observable, the correlation between environmental concerns and religiosity in Taiwan appears significant.
    Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility; Culture; Religiosity; Time-series analysis; Cross-country comparison.

  • Stock market and happiness: Some cross-country evidence of spillover effect and good government   Order a copy of this article
    by Tee Chwee Ming, Christine Chong Siew Pyng, Lim Thean Pheng, Boo Mei Chin 
    Abstract: Previous research has examined the influence of stock market valuation on happiness among stock investors. In this study, we analysed how the stock market affects the overall happiness of a country. We conducted further exploration of additional mechanisms that moderate the association between stock market valuation and happiness level. Based on a 68-cross-country dataset from 2010 to 2017, we examined the association between stock market valuation and happiness. We found that the stock market index was positively associated with the level of happiness. Findings also revealed that the positive association was weaker in countries with uneven distribution of wealth (high GINI) but stronger in countries with stronger democratic institutions and rule of law. These findings are robust to controlling for endogeneity using instrument variables, lag variables, and change models. Additional test results indicated that the association between the higher stock market index and higher happiness level was also significantly moderated by political stability and the control of corruption.
    Keywords: Stock; Happiness; Good governance.

  • Well-Being of Old Natives and Immigrants in Europe: Does the Socio-Cultural Integration Matter?   Order a copy of this article
    by Eleftherios Giovanis, Sacit Akdede 
    Abstract: The first aim of the study is to explore the determinants of socio-cultural integration and to compare the degree of this integration between natives and immigrants. The second aim is to examine the relationship between socio-cultural integration and the subjective well-being of both natives and migrant populations. We use panel data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe across the period 2004-2017 in 29 countries. We apply seemingly unrelated regressions to explore the simultaneous relationship between socio-cultural integration and well-being. We consider first and second-generation immigrants and also immigrants from different countries of origin. Our findings suggest that first-generation immigrants are less likely to participate in the socio-cultural activities explored. However, those who are engaged in those activities, participate more frequently than natives. Furthermore, even though immigrants report lower levels of SWB, the latter is significantly enhanced with socio-cultural integration.
    Keywords: Cultural and Social Integration; EURO-D; Life Satisfaction; International Migration; Old Age; Panel Data; Psychological Well-Being; Religious Activities; Sports Events; The Survey of Health; Ageing and Retirement in Europe; Voluntary Work.

  • Moderating effect of Mindfulness in Psychological Contract Breach and Work Engagement relationship   Order a copy of this article
    by Gul Afshan 
    Abstract: Over the last decade, scholars have paid great attention to employee engagement and its antecedents. However, most of the research is conducted in the Western part of the world. This study examines the impact of psychological contract breach (PCB) on banking sector employees work engagement in Pakistan. The relationship was hypothesized between PCB and work engagement based on the job-demand resource model and affective event theory (AET). Data were collected through a survey questionnaire from 239 banking employees working in banks of Pakistan. The study includes those individuals that served in a bank for at least six months to ensure the experiences regarding psychological contracts have been formed over the period of time. The data was analyzed through structural equation modeling (SEM) in AMOS software. The results supported the negative relationship between PCB and employees work engagement. Moreover, mindfulness moderated the relationship between PCB and work engagement, which was weak for employees with a high level of mindfulness. This study implied the breach of expectations to harm employees engagement in work but the buffering role of mindfulness in restoring the cognitive resources to awaken the work engagement. The study contributes to the employee-employer relationship literature by integrating AET in a collectivistic society, Pakistan. Results highlight that unaddressed PCB may lead service sector employees to be less engaged in their jobs. Based on the studys findings, organizations are recommended to understand and address the psychological contract formation process and develop a quality relationship with employees to benefit in the longer run. Mindfulness practices may also be organized to boost employee engagement.
    Keywords: Mindfulness; Psychological Contract Breach; Work Engagement; Banks; Pakistan.

  • Factors associated with farm household happiness: analysis from western and eastern Indonesia   Order a copy of this article
    by Zainal Mutaqin, Yessica CHUNG, Noxolo Kunene 
    Abstract: Indonesians are moderately happy, however, little is known about the happiness of professions in the country. This study addresses this issue by using a large-scale survey consisting of 10,332 individuals living in farm households that are nested in 432 communities of Western Indonesia and Eastern Indonesia. We focus on farm families because of the global issue of declining farm population. An Ordered Logistic Regression is applied to examine individual-level, household-level, and community-level characteristics that are associated with farmers happiness. This finding showed that individual characteristics are largely associated with farmers happiness, which includes individual social capital. Moreover, the study showed that farmers in Eastern Indonesia are happier than farmers in Western Indonesia. Being Javanese and ideally owning a house in Western Indonesia is positively associated with farmers happiness. Meanwhile, the active presence of traditional markets in communities of Eastern Indonesia has a positive and significant relationship with farmers happiness.
    Keywords: farmers happiness; community-level factors; agricultural infrastructure; western Indonesia; eastern Indonesia.

  • Mergers and acquisitions and employees level of anxiety - the role of HRM practices   Order a copy of this article
    by Vathsala Wickramasinghe, Nadeesha Sajeewani 
    Abstract: Anxiety due to organizational change is an important issue in occupational health. The paper presents findings of a study that investigated the level of anxiety experienced by employees due to an acquisition and the effect of human resource management practices in easing anxiety. The sample consisted of employees from both acquiring and target entities, who had experience spanning three phases of merger and acquisition, i.e., pre-, during, and post. The findings showed significant differences in the level of anxiety between the two entities as well as across the three phases. The results showed that human resource management practices play an important role in easing anxiety, which is a widely identified occupational health issue in mergers and acquisitions.
    Keywords: acquisition; anxiety; merger; acquirer; target entity; human resource management; uncertainty.

  • Happiness as an Unmet Reality in Pakistan: Discourses of Divorced & Separated Individuals   Order a copy of this article
    by Saira Batool, Rabia Ali 
    Abstract: This research paper highlights the dilemmas associated with the social construction of marriage versus the ideation of marriage as a modern symbol of unity in contemporary Pakistan. The paper draws on the narratives of sixteen divorced and separated men/women. These findings reveal that women experience marriage differently compared to men. Marital happiness for women is attained in their willingness to act in subordinate and submissive roles due to the hegemonic masculinity of men. The marriage contract in Pakistani society gives an upper hand to men and women are expected to be obedient and respectful. In this study, based on their personal experiences all divorced and separated women considered happiness in marriage merely a temporary situation. Defying the patterns of obedience had led to unhappiness and dissatisfaction in their marital relationships. The major problem had been the inability to accept the ground realities of marriage in its practical form in contrast to their perception of marriage as a romantic and happy relationship. When the ground realities didnt meet their expectations; their relations came to an end leading to social stigma and emotional dilemmas. These findings suggest the need to rethink marriage as a complex and evolving institution in contemporary Pakistan.
    Keywords: Happiness; Divorce; Separation; Marriage; Imagination; Qualitative Methods.

  • Effectiveness of Positive Psychology Intervention in promoting Happiness and altering Attributional style among Emerging adults   Order a copy of this article
    by Vaishnavi S, Thenmozhi S, Jagadesh Chander R 
    Abstract: Happiness has shown to be linked with good health, success, and other positive psychology concepts. However, there are fewer studies on happiness, unlike illness. This study measured the effect of Positive Psychology Intervention on happiness levels and attribution style in emerging adults. A sample of 61 participants took the survey initially in which sample n=10 was considered for the intervention. Eight-session online positive psychology intervention was designed for the selected sample. The exercises used for the intervention were evidence-based. Subjective Happiness Scale (Lyubomirsky, 1999) was used to measure the happiness levels of the participants. Attributional Style Questionnaire (Peterson et al., 1982) was also used. Results were obtained using Wilcoxon Signed-rank test, Pearsons correlation, and thematic analysis. Happiness was positively related with attributional style and positive psychology intervention had an effect on happiness and attribution style. Results suggest that suitable implementation of intervention can serve as a primary prevention strategy.
    Keywords: Happiness; Positive Psychology; Intervention; Attributional style; Emerging adults.

  • Role of mindfulness in well-being: Mediating effect of emotion regulation   Order a copy of this article
    by Meera Padhy, Meena Hariharan, Padiri Ruth Angiel, Kavya Chelli, Sandra Roshni Monteiro 
    Abstract: The aim of the study was to find out the mediating effect of emotion regulation (cognitive reappraisal) between mindfulness and well-being. The Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness scale, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, and Brief Inventory of Thriving Scale were administered on a sample of 375 participants. The data supports the prediction that greater levels of mindfulness will be correlated with greater levels of well-being via cognitive reappraisal dimension of emotion regulation. Findings provide evidence that cognitive reappraisal is the mediating factor through which mindfulness enhances well-being. This study highlights the importance of cognitive reappraisal strategy of emotion regulation in the relationship between mindfulness and well-being.
    Keywords: emotion regulation; mindfulness; well-being; thriving.

  • Unlocking Happiness: Peoples engagement for mental well-being during the Lockdown of the COVID-19 Outbreak   Order a copy of this article
    by Prakashkumar Patel, HARDIK BHADESHIYA, Baxiskumar Patel 
    Abstract: The COVID-19 lockdown has its own set of problems for the people. However, the lockdown opened many gateways for the people to make themselves happy and active in their liking. This exploratory research study has also attended to identify the constructs related to happiness resulting from lockdown. For this expressive exploration, the research was carried out on 506 respondents from the Gujarat state of India through a structured questionnaire, followed by information processing. The data was processed by applying the Kruskal Wallis test and Mann Whitney U test to derive the conclusion. When the questionnaire was administered, open-ended questions were asked to the respondents. They revealed that even in the tough time of the COVID-19 outbreak, they identified various activities that cater to happiness and chose to keep themselves engaged in motivating themselves to fight against a hard time as a ray of hope!
    Keywords: COVID-19; rnhappiness; rnlockdown; rnLeisure time Activity; rnmental-wellbeing; rnGujarat; rnIndia;.

  • The Relationship Between the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Suicide Rates: Evidence from panel data   Order a copy of this article
    by Suzan Odabaşi 
    Abstract: Suicide is a serious economic and public health problem of this century. In addition to the public health consequences of suicidal behaviours, the economic losses are significant and can result in loss of productive capacity, earnings, treatment costs, and work loss costs. This study investigates whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) payments/ benefits have an impact on mental-health related suicides. The estimation is conducted for three different groups: 1) the overall group; 2) the female group; and 3) the male group by applying two different approaches: the fixed-effects and the quantile regression methods. The findings show that the SNAP benefits help to reduce stress-associated suicides. Additionally, the results support that accessing health services and having health insurance are two important factors associated with the number of suicides per 100,000.
    Keywords: welfare payments; government expenditures and health; instrumental variables (IV) estimation; SNAP; Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program; suicide.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJHD.2023.10048923
    by Alex I. Shaahu, James T. Gire 
    Abstract: The current study utilising a moderated mediation analysis investigated the impact of financial stress and meaning in life on happiness in a community-based sample of 482 individuals, aged 1878 years in Makurdi, the Benue State Capital in North Central Nigeria. The satisfaction with life scale (SWLS), the economic strain scale, and meaning in life questionnaire (MLQ) were used in gathering the data which were analysed using Hayes process macro. The results showed that financial stress was negatively associated with happiness and presence of meaning, but was positively associated with search for meaning. The presence of meaning partially mediated the financial stress-happiness relationship, and the strength of this partial mediation was moderated by the search for meaning. The findings suggest that under financial stress, presence of meaning may serve as a foundation upon which people initiate a search for meaning (SFM) that enables them cope with ongoing challenges that threatens their wellbeing.
    Keywords: financial stress; meaning in life; happiness; Nigeria.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJHD.2023.10050950