International Journal of Happiness and Development (8 papers in press)
Quest of Nexus between Inflation and Economic Development: Evidence from Asian Countries
by Amritkant Mishra
Abstract: This empirical analysis aspires to scrutinise the nexus between economic development and inflation in Asian perspective by utilising panel dynamic OLS and the panel Granger causality method. The outcome of the panel dynamic OLS documents that, some proxies of economic development such as electric potency, transportation, telecommunication facility as well as financial development have negative impact on inflation, however, the per capita gross domestic product has a positive impact on the general price level. On the other hand, the consequence of causality analysis unearths that, there is one-way causality running from the per capita gross domestic product to inflation. Furthermore, the current study also documents that there is no causality running from energy, transport, communication, human resource, and financial development towards inflation. The policymakers can adopt all those strategies, which substantially enhance the economic development to condense inflation.
Keywords: Inflation; Economic Development; Panel dynamic OLS; Asian Countries.
A nudity-based intervention to improve body image, self-esteem, and life satisfaction.
by Keon West
Abstract: An individuals body image has profound implications for their self-esteem and overall life-satisfaction, and is a significant predictor of the onset of eating disorders. Recent research suggested that nude activities improved body image, self-esteem, and life-satisfaction among participants who were predisposed to take part in such activities. This current research investigated whether a nudity-based intervention can have similar positive effects among non-nudist participants with low levels of positive body-image, and whether those effects endure. Fifteen participants completed measures of body-image, self-esteem, and life-satisfaction before, immediately after, and one month after participating in a 4-day, nudity-based intervention. Participants reported substantial improvements in all three outcomes that remained one month after the interventions completion. Results suggest that nudity-based interventions can meaningfully and enduringly improve body image and related outcomes, even among non-nudists.
Keywords: nudity; body image; self-esteem; life satisfaction; intervention.
Social well-being and livelihood challenges in conflict economies: A study of Syrian citizens perception of geopolitical fragility
by Faisal Ahmed, Moaz Gharib, Omar Durrah, Vinaytosh Mishra
Abstract: We study the citizens perception of geopolitical fragility and livelihood-related vulnerabilities in context of conflict economies. This is a situation in which the states lack capabilities to safeguard their population, thus leading to adverse impact on their ability to sustain social well-being and livelihood. The case in point is of Syria, which continues to face several rudimentary socio-economic challenges owing to the ongoing conflict. We analyse 280 responses from Syrian citizens including 143 based in the home country and 137 residing outside Syria. The sample comprises of 213 males and 67 females. We employ statistical techniques like Exploratory Factor Analysis and analysis of variance (ANOVA) to derive relevant findings. The factors have been grouped under five heads namely psycho-social factors, social security factors, livelihood factors, governance factors and socio-economic factors. The findings of this study reveals that the citizens perception of fragility in Syria differs on the basis of gender and age group. It is, however, not affected by their educational background or their resident status. Also, the most impactful factors as perceived by the Syrian citizens include the following: mistrust in society (psycho-social factor), fear of losing the opportunity to study (social security factor), food security and crisis (livelihood factor), damaging of transport sector owing to geopolitical situation (governance factor), and, losing hope in good governance (socio-economic factor). This study will be useful for policy makers and inter-governmental organisations for assessing their developmental interventions.
Keywords: Conflict economies; Syria; citizen’s perception; fragility; livelihood.
Impact of the Intra-household Bargaining Power Gap on the Happiness of Married Women in China
by Xinxin Ma
Abstract: This paper evaluates the impact of the intra-household bargaining power gap on the happiness of married women in China. It uses data from the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) from 2005 to 2015. The results indicate the education gap, the income gap, and the hukou gap between wife and husband may negatively affect married womens happiness, while the age gap may positively affect married womens happiness. It is also found that the effects of the intra-household bargaining power gap on happiness are greater for working married women, the short-term marriage group, and the rural group. This suggests that an increase in the gender gap of intra-household bargaining power and workfamily conflict may decrease married womens happiness in contemporary China.
Keywords: intra-household bargaining power; happiness; married working women; gender roles; China.
The Predictive Roles of Positivity, Forgiveness and Religious Attitudes on Subjective Happiness
by Aynur Fırıncı-Kodaz, Rumeysa Hoşoğlu, Meryem Vural-Batık, Tuğba Yılmaz-Bingöl
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships among positivity, forgiveness, religious attitudes and subjective happiness on university students. The current study has been conducted in correlational design. The participants of the study consisted of 798 university students who were studying at different universities in Turkey. Participants completed the questionnaire packet including four different scales: Subjective Happiness Scale, Positivity Scale, Forgiveness Scale and Ok-Religious Attitude Scale. Pearson correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were used to analyze the obtained data. The results indicated that positivity and forgiveness predicted subjective happiness significantly, and collectively accounted 22% of the variance of subjective happiness. However, according to the results, religious attitude did not significantly predict subjective happiness. The results obtained from the research were discussed in a light of related literature and several suggestions were made.
Keywords: Subjective happiness; positivity; forgiveness; religious attitude.
Employee playfulness: effects of personality and organizational climate
by Yu-Ling Ho, Ching-Yueh Chen, Liang-Hung Lin
Abstract: Many studies have suggested the importance of playfulness at workplace and that playfulness is likely to be affected by employees own personality as well as the work environment. In the era of uncertainty, employees or talents are the key for organizations to remain competitive in the industry. This study therefore aims to find out the antecedentspersonality traits and organizational playfulness climatein employee playfulness. Grounded on the analysis of survey, this study finds that big five personality traits, in particular extraversion and openness to experience, are positively associated with employees personal playfulness. Moreover, organizational playfulness climate, in particular an organizational climate characterized by playing together and pressure release, has a positive impact on employees personal playfulness at workplace.
Keywords: personal playfulness; personality traits; organizational playfulness climate.
Mediating Role of Financial Satisfaction Between Income and Subjective Wellbeing: An Evidence from Pakistan
by Muhammad Hassan Danish, Hafeez Ur Rehman Khan
Abstract: The present study aims at analyzing the role of income on subjective well-being (SWB) through the mediation channel of financial satisfaction (FS) by deploying the generalized structural equation model (GSEM) with order logit. The data has been collected from 1566 households and individuals in rural and urban Punjab, Pakistan. The results of this study illustrate that education, income and household assets related to FS are significantly positive, while these variables had no significant relationship with SWB. Moreover, the findings of the study showed that income does not affect SWB of people unless they are financially satisfied with their overall position of household. Health, social capital and freedom of choice are also the significant predictors of SWB. The present study will enable the researchers and financial practitioners working in the field of family and consumer policy to assist people in enhancing their FS by utilizing of their financial budget and promoting changes in adverse financial behaviour and increasing their income.
Keywords: income; financial satisfaction; happiness; life satisfaction; life worthwhile; order logit; gsem.
Applying optimization programming and research generator methods to measure subjective well-being within country
by Reza Nadimi
Abstract: Survey data collected from eight countries (Japan, Switzerland, Singapore, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Bhutan, and Indonesia) are used to extract social resources through optimization programming technique as well as resource generator method. These resources are used to propose an aggregated subjective well-being (SWB) indicator in each country. Relationship between this indicator and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is also examined to consider economy impact on SWB. The results indicate that a high GDP per capita is a necessary factor to improve well-being, but non-economic pillar is also essential. Non-economic domains of SWB are more influential in Bhutan, and Indonesia (developing countries). In contrast, the results show a positive relation between the economic domain and SWB in the rest of countries (developed countries). The Safety and Relief, Life Satisfaction, and Expertise and skills factors are significant domains for SWB in developed countries. While, Health and welfare, safety and Relief, and Economic Stability are influential factors in Bhutan, and Indonesia.
Keywords: Social resources; Happiness indicator; Linear optimization programming.