Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues (IJGEnvI)

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International Journal of Global Environmental Issues (6 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Is fishing causes for marine resource vulnerability in Gulf of Mannar, India?   Order a copy of this article
    by Kanaga V, Rajakumar M, Sujathkumar N.V, Jawahar P, Brita Nicy 
    Abstract: Marine fishery resources are providing lots of benefits to the society and environment especially in employment, income and nutritional security. Marine fisheries resource degradation due to anthropogenic activities which includes destructive fishing activities is the present issue. Fishing activities provide livelihoods to coastal people even though it affects negatively the marine fishery resources. Hence this study attempted to identify the major causes for the vulnerability in the Gulf of Mannar coast. Gulf of Mannar was selected as the study area for the research due to resource richness and the significant level of livelihood dependence on marine fishery resources. The sample size of the study was 450 fishermen which were distributed to non-motorised (33), motorized (335) and mechanized (82) craft sector based on percentage contribution to total fishing crafts registered in GoM coast. Primary data were collected from the respondents through field survey by survey schedule. The collected data were tabulated and analysed by Random Based Quotient technique and Spearmen rank correlation technique. Practising banned fishing methods, bottom trawl net use, scarcity of sustainable fishing gear, the inefficiency of mesh size regulation, and nonselective fishing gear used for fishing were the major causes for the vulnerability as identified from the study. Implementation of suitable policy measures and regular monitoring will help to solve the problems to maintain the resources at the sustainable level.
    Keywords: vulnerability; marine fishery resources; destructive fishing activities.

  • Natural radioactivity level and evaluation of radiological hazard in the soil around a gold mining area in the north region of Burkina Faso   Order a copy of this article
    by Karim Kabore, Luc Telado Bambara, Inoussa Zongo, Ousmane Cisse, Francois Zougmore, Emmanuel Ofori Darko 
    Abstract: The activity concentrations of Natural Radionuclides 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in soil samples from the North region of Burkina Faso around the mining site of Kalsaka were measured by Gamma Spectrometry using High Purity Germanium detector. Radiological hazard assessment due to such natural radioactivity was also investigated. The average activity concentration of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were found to be 26.06
    Keywords: Activity concentration; Uranium; Thorium; Potassium; Natural Radioactivity; soil.

  • Analysing the Presence of Volatility Clustering and Impact of Macro-Economic Variables on Sustainability Indices in India: Using GARCH (1,1) model and ARDL Framework   Order a copy of this article
    by Kanchan Sehrawat, Muskan Kaur, Madhu Vij 
    Abstract: Increasing environmental consciousness among various stakeholders of financial markets has led to the introduction of GREENEX and CARBONEX indices by Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). This study is an attempt to analyse the impact of macro-economic variables namely growth rate (GDP), inflation (WPI) and exchange rate (FOREX) on both the sustainability indices. The paper also attempts to find the presence of volatility clustering in the sustainability indices of India. The cointegration amongst the macro-economic variables and sustainability\r\nindices is tested through Auto-Regressive Distributive Lag (ARDL) Approach and significant results are achieved for both the indices. The volatility clustering for GREENEX and CARBONEX is tested through GARCH (1,1) model and significant volatility clustering is established for both the indices. These significant relationships highlight that the macroeconomic variables have a significant and crucial impact on sustainability of Indian economy.\r\nAny measure taken to improve the growth rate or exchange rate or inflation shall significantly facilitate the sustainability in Indian economy further reducing the volatility in the stock market\r\nand economy.
    Keywords: Sustainability;Macro-economic Variables; GREENEX; CARBONEX; ARDL\r\nframework; GARCH (1,1).

  • Is general collective intelligence a reliable path towards achieving green growth?   Order a copy of this article
    by Andy E. Williams 
    Abstract: Through the invention of the organism, nature has already solved sustainability and many other wicked problems, and has demonstrated the successful operation of these solutions for hundreds of millions of years. Recent innovations in systems modelling suggest that from a functional modelling perspective an organism is a pattern that can be mimicked. By copying that model to define the concept of a 'general collective intelligence' software platform capable of orchestrating cooperation so human groups act as a single organism, for the first time in human history, solving wicked problems like achieving green economic growth and an exponentially greater impact on collective challenges such as climate change, might be reliably achievable. This statement is politically controversial because there are entire government bodies, industries, and international organisations operating on the assumption that existing approaches are sufficient, but it is also a realisation that is critical to recognising the need for new solutions if true.
    Keywords: green growth; general collective intelligence; GCI; ecosystem; collective organism.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2022.10046701
     

Special Issue on: International Design of Dialogic Environmental Policies

  • SYNOPTICS, part X: application of the Synoptics model for the social analysis of states: Colombia (1991) and Nigeria (1992)   Order a copy of this article
    by Herbert Rauch 
    Abstract: Synoptics - a method to diagnose and consult in socio-political conflict situations is here used to describe and analyse the two conflict situations on the level of states in Colombia 1991 and Nigeria 1992. Several conflict scenarios are described to understand better the political micro, meso and macro scenes. The following case studies are developed along some of the main questions for Synoptics social analysis with regard to diagnosing socio-political events: 1) description of focus event; 2) general description of the embedding sovereign social system; 3) description of the agents of the focus event; 4) location of focus event with regard to the level of social systems; 5) C-analysis of the process of the focus event (C = common Challenge, and describing the Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Omega spaces within the social system; 6) gestalt/general pattern of the conflict, and considerations with respect to the future.
    Keywords: Synoptics method; social analysis; hypotheses; social systems; conflict situations; challenge principle; Colombia; Nigeria.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2021.10040314
     
  • Synoptics, Part XI: application of the synoptics social analysis to presidential elections and the corona crisis   Order a copy of this article
    by Herbert Rauch 
    Abstract: This case study (based on the synoptics method explained earlier) tries to show that actual scenarios are able to show the transition of the macro the micro of very recent and prominent events. This election event provides a historically new element in the history of the USA, and even with regard to the human history overall: the whole world comes to see the incredible acts of opposing the official institutions responsible for the presidential transition versus the traditions of transferring administrative power peacefully. The world becomes eye-witness of a former president's behaviour, which - as many think - is partly owed to a specific character, but also to attitudes toward institutions. The side effects are perhaps the most important, namely demonstrating that 'the world has gone global' while the information technology allows almost instantaneous knowledge of important events worldwide - if the interest is global.
    Keywords: synoptics method; social analysis; social hypotheses; USA; presidential elections; political system; corona crisis; corona management.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2021.10041119