Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues (IJGEnvI)

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International Journal of Global Environmental Issues (5 papers in press)

Special Issue on: International Design of Dialogic Environmental Policies

  • Origin and historic path of the triticum compactum (Binkel) in alpine and pre-alpine agriculture   Order a copy of this article
    by Margarita Kwich, Gilbert Ahamer 
    Abstract: Recently, great interest in historic grain varieties arose, given their positive nutritional properties and usefulness for endurance in local climates, such as European Triticum compactum, colloquially named Binkel in German. This article analyses answers to the following questions: 1) when was the Binkel first mentioned/described in historical literature and records?, 2) what is the Binkels genetic and geographic origin? 3) how and when did Binkel come to the Alpine region? Were breeding measures applied? Historic evidence first perceived Binkel through the pen of Viennese historians and perceives winter and summer forms. In the 19th century, Binkel was famously attributed to the dwellers of the stilt houses and called the oldest wheat from Europe. Originally stemming from Iran in a complex historic and genetic trajectory, Binkel was highly esteemed in Tyrol and Salzburg for its high endurance up to 1,600 m altitude.
    Keywords: Binkel; triticum compactum; historic grain species; genesis of grain.

  • Quality of the Mongolian medical massage therapy and its practical applications   Order a copy of this article
    by Otgontuya Dashdorj 
    Abstract: This article describes the specifics of Mongolian health traditions, among which massage, moxibustion and kyphosis. The oldest testimonies on massage date back to 2500-2300 BC and were found in the most ancient documents, retrieved in the Egyptian tombs of Saqqara. Carved images show two men while on ones leg massage is applied. In Ancient Chinese scriptures, medical acupuncture and moxibustion therapy and non-removable point massage therapy are mentioned. Mongolian massage therapy and point massage therapy in Asian countries is seen as human feet take through the soles the energy from the Earth. Similarly, it is believed to have existed among US aborigines and in ancient European cultures. This article uses the concept on Mongolian massage therapy and explores its application in our modern world during the globalising information age.
    Keywords: health; massage therapy; Mongolian medicine; moxybustion; kyphosis; manual therapy; back pain; holistic health; alternative medicine; Mongolian massage.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2023.10058519
  • True empathy, part 3: practical foundations   Order a copy of this article
    by Ingrid Maria Moser 
    Abstract: As the practical foundations of true empathy, there are different types of perception: 1) physical perception; 2) psychic perception; 3) mental perception. Alignment with three principles shall be achieved: presence, mindfulness, and intentionlessness. The methodical implementation of empathy is usually conducted in three phases: 1st phase: relaxation and experience of wholeness; 2nd phase: release of blockages and detachment by true forgiveness, and 3rd phase: conclusion. The healer’s relationship with the empathiser is that of an obstetrician. It helps him to remember his source again and to reunite with his true essence, which is love.
    Keywords: energy; healing; empathy; wholeness; spiritual healing; holistic healing; identification; holy spirit; energy healing; energy flow; cosmic powers; body; identification with the ego; the divine.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2023.10058607
  • Detailed historic analysis of the “pile-dwelling wheat” Triticum compactum (Binkel)   Order a copy of this article
    by Margarita Kwich 
    Abstract: When identifying the historical genesis of wheat (Triticum), often the narrative arises that its main European predecessor is Triticum compactum, which often was found in prehistoric pile-dwelling settlements in and around the Alps. Therein, the tetraploid type predominated, but hexaploid also occurred. The present article collects numerous historic accounts on Triticum compactum (Binkel, in German language) and critically relates them to modern archaeological evidence. The genesis of the species, finds, and historic records are discussed. Present literature does not allow with genetic accuracy that present-day Triticum compactum (Binkel) is totally identical with neolithic pile-dwelling wheat (Triticum antiquorum) but a multitude of hints points towards a considerable degree of similarity between both. Binkel’s value for present-day nutrition is undisputed.
    Keywords: Binkel; Triticum compactum; historic grain species; genesis of grain; sustainability.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2023.10059663
  • Historic variation of Triticum compactum (Binkel) and its practical usage   Order a copy of this article
    by Gilbert Ahamer, Margarita Kwich 
    Abstract: The recent great interest in historic grain varieties, such as European Triticum compactum, named Binkel, is based on their positive nutritional properties and usefulness for endurance in local climates. This article continues an earlier article and answers these questions: 1) How do todays forms differ from the original forms?; 2) Where and to what extent was it spread in the meantime, possibly under other names?; 3) How were the grain products used?; 4) Is there evidence of its properties?; 5) What are the geographic boundaries of the growing area?; 6) Are there related wheat species? Having recently moved into wider practical application, Binkel offers the following convincing properties: very soft dough properties, a significant content of valuable ingredients and surprisingly good baking properties of this type of wheat.
    Keywords: Binkel; Triticum compactum; historic grain species; genesis of grain; sustainability.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2023.10060065