International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing
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International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing (5 papers in press)
COWORKING SPACES: PLACES THAT STIMULATE SOCIAL CAPITAL FOR ENTREPRENEURS by Victor Cabral Abstract: This study examines how social networking facilitated by coworking spaces help entrepreneurs. Drawing on previous research in the different social science disciplines, a conceptual model is proposed that links coworking space interventions to social capital, and performance benefits. The model distinguishes three coworking interventions, i.e. design of the physical space, facilitative tools, and community management. Furthermore, the model differentiates bridging and bonding social capital. Nineteen interviews were conducted with entrepreneurs who work in three coworking spaces. The findings confirm the relationship between coworking space interventions, bridging and bonding social capital, and performance benefits. Theoretically, this study contributes in developing further knowledge about the increasing social value of coworking spaces. Managerially, this study highlights how the curation of collaborative workspaces can help promoting social capital as well as better conditions for individuals who seek to work in social environments. Keywords: Bridging social capital; Bonding social capital; Social networks; Coworking spaces; Performance. DOI: 10.1504/IJEV.2021.10034208
Engaging with Entrepreneurial Diversity: An Intersectional Framework by Verena Meyer, Valentina Seidel, Stefanie Pakura Abstract: Entrepreneurial diversity is a rising topic in entrepreneurship research. We currently see a growing number of studies that focus on various single categories of diversity, such as gender, race, age, sexual orientation, physical ability and other categories. While this broadens our sight, we question: How is diversity conceptualised in entrepreneurship research? Based on an intersectional approach, we develop an analytical framework to review the literature on entrepreneurial diversity. This review reveals how researchers have conceptualised entrepreneurial diversity. From this, we derive five key challenges. As entrepreneurship research needs a deeper understanding of diversity, we develop recommendations based on intersectionality to address these key challenges. This way, we contribute to the conceptual understanding of entrepreneurial diversity and provide practical guidance for researchers to engage with entrepreneurial diversity. Keywords: intersectionality; entrepreneurial diversity; inequality; discrimination; power; gender; ethnic diversity; cultural diversity; migration; reflexivity. DOI: 10.1504/IJEV.2021.10037976
Macroenvironmental Organizational Practices Adopted by Innovative Small and Medium Enterprises: A Study with Brazilian Entrepreneurs by Eugênio De Oliveira Simonetto, Daniel Arenhardt Abstract: Despite the large number of existing researches on innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs),few studies have so far deepened the organizational practices that innovative SMEs adopt in their daily lives,especially in developing countries.Based on in-depth interview data, and preceded by an extensive literature review,this study presents organizational practices used by innovative SMEs operating in Brazil.The results demonstrate that the use of public funding, cooperation/collaboration with customers, suppliers, universities and research institutes, the presence in the international market and the location close to the logistics chain are procedures adopted by small innovative companies in the country.On the other hand, it was evidenced that the excess of bureaucracy to access public resources, to establish partnerships with universities and export procedures interfere in the performance of innovative companies In addition,it was found that participation in corporate networks and location in an innovative environment are not important for the companies. Keywords: Innovative small and medium enterprises; organizational practices; bureaucracy; entrepreneurs; SMEs. DOI: 10.1504/IJEV.2021.10038010
Personality composition and performance in entrepreneurial teams: Understanding the impact of stability and plasticity traits in a relative contribution model by Julia M. Kensbock, Christoph Stöckmann, Tobias Kollmann, Jana W. Linstaedt Abstract: Considering that personalities of entrepreneurs are diverse, we examine how the personality composition of entrepreneurial teams affects team performance. Given the specific challenges of the entrepreneurship setting, we suggest a new understanding of the team composition Keywords: Entrepreneurial teams; team diversity; team composition; personality traits; team performance. DOI: 10.1504/IJEV.2021.10038428
Absent or Overlooked? Promoting diversity among entrepreneurs with public support needs by Beldina Owalla, Tom Coogan, Helen Lawton-Smith, Tim Vorley, Katy Wing Abstract: Despite the widely recognized importance of diversity for business performance, knowledge concerning the support needs of under-represented groups is still limited. We adopt an intersectional approach to analyse the challenges and support needs of ethnic minority entrepreneurs, and those with disabilities, to participate in entrepreneurial activity in the UK. Our qualitative data is based on focus groups and semi-structured interviews. The findings suggest that engagement in entrepreneurship is influenced not just by minority status, but by the specific relations to other socio-demographic categories within which that status is embedded. Intersectional counter-frames form part of the strategies utilized by individuals to gain access to otherwise limited resources. We develop a conceptual model for promoting greater equality, diversity and inclusion, within an entrepreneurial ecosystem, and recommend a more holistic approach to realizing inclusive economic growth. This includes adopting a hybrid/blended approach that combines targeted programmes with the development of mainstream support programmes. Keywords: equality; diversity and inclusion; intersectionality; counter-frames; policy initiatives; entrepreneurial ecosystem. DOI: 10.1504/IJEV.2021.10038634