International Journal of Environmental Policy and Decision Making
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International Journal of Environmental Policy and Decision Making (5 papers in press)
An Overview of Entrepreneurship Development Programs in India by Ravindra Sharma, Geeta Rana Abstract: India is a country of youth as per the 2011 census the median age of the population is 26.9 years. On the one hand, these youths are a great demographic advantage for a country on the other hand it is a serious challenge to create jobs for these youths. It is not possible for the government to provide a job to every job seeker as there are limited job requirements in various government and private sectors. Keeping this constraint in mind the government has also focused to develop an environment where rather seeking job better to be a job provider. For making this concept applicable the government has initiated various entrepreneurship development programs (EDP). In the past few years, many start-ups are established and doing well but still, the progress is not rapid as it was expected. The objective of this paper is to explore the initiation taken by the government for Entrepreneurship development programs, challenges coming up while implementing these programs on the ground and suggestive remedies for effective implementation of EDP programs in India. Keywords: Entrepreneurship; EDP; Jobseeker; Start-up.
Identifying Salient Issues in the Assessment of Solar Energy Developments in Ireland by Caitlin Guerra, Mick Lennon Abstract: This paper reports on findings from an exploratory examination of planning decisions for solar energy developments in the Republic of Ireland. This involved a content analysis approach of planning assessment reports that was informed by the SPEED framework developed by Stephens, Wilson and Peterson (2008). The paper identifies the issues considered most important by local planning authorities and the national Irish planning appeals board in making their decisions. While some overlap is identified, it is also determined that a number of considerations are prioritised differently. Informed by this analysis, a number of recommendations are made on how to ensure a more coherent assessment approach to decision making. Keywords: solar energy development; solar farms; assessment; planning policy; Ireland.
The Readiness of Sustainable Lighting Standards to Reduce CO2 Emissions at the Government Office Building in Supporting Good Governance in Indonesia by Dhandy Arisaktiwardhana Abstract: Energy efficiency is an important aspect which states that lighting standards are a sustainable lighting standard. The application of SNI IEC 62612:2016 in government office buildings is a way to ensure that the performance testing standards for Light-Emitting Diode (LED) lamps are ready to be used sustainably to reduce CO2 emissions in support of good governance in Indonesia. The process of improving energy efficiency under IEC Guide 118:2017 produces a value option for CO2 emission limit in SNI IEC 62612:2016. With the value range of 0.421 0.964, CO2 emission in energy consumption in government office buildings to turn on 3W LED will decrease in minimum per year by 16,384 ton CO2 and will reduce in maximum per year by 65,537 ton CO2. Keywords: energy efficiency; sustainable lighting standards; SNI IEC 62612:2016; LED lamps; CO2 emission; good governance; IEC Guide 118:2017; power factor.
How Participatory is Corporate Environmental Performance Rating?
An Assessment of Indonesias PROPER Program
by Aili Pyhala, Inez Fitri Abstract: Stakeholder participation is considered to be key to obtaining sound, adequate and legitimate environmental decisions. However, scholars have argued that in order for a participation process to be genuine and successful, a number of conditions need to be met, such as shared goals, capacity building, conflict management, transparency, representability, and recognized impacts. Using these criteria for evaluation, we set out to assess stakeholder participation in Indonesias PROPER program the countrys first incentive-based system for monitoring the environmental performance of companies. Drawing from stakeholder interviews, we identify a number of shortcomings in the PROPER program, namely, a lack of: i) government support to build stakeholder capacity and to develop shared goals; ii) opportunity for NGOs and local communities to influence PROPER ratings; iii) transparency and conflict resolution; iv) accountability and legitimacy; and v) public appreciation for the PROPER program and its role in society. Based on our findings, we provide recommendations on how stakeholder participation could be strengthened in PROPER and thereby serve to improve the program itself, particularly through the recognition of NGOs and local communities as legitimate providers of information. Our findings are of importance not only for improving environmental management in Indonesia, but also for programs of environmental regulation and corporate responsibility elsewhere. Keywords: Public participation; environmental regulation; corporate environmental responsibility; environmental information disclosure; Indonesia; PROPER.
Review of Environmental Governance in Oil and Gas Exploration Fields in Kenya: Analysis of Constitutional, Environmental Policy, legal Institutional Framework and Management Practices in South Lokichar Basin Turkana County by DAVID MUGENDI, Caleb Mireri, Grace Muraya Abstract: Commercial oil was discovered in Kenya in 2012 in South Lokichar Basin, Turkana County. This discovery with effective environmental policy, legal and functional institutional framework shall lead to numerous socio-economic benefits to the locals. However, a lack of effective environmental management regulations and functional institutional frameworks will lead to numerous socio-economic and ecological challenges in the oil fields as documented in other jurisdictions. The main aim of this study was to review the policy, legal and institutional framework governing environmental management in the oil fields of Kenya and establish gaps in the law, level of compliance to the environmental policy and legal framework by oil explorers and effectiveness in the enforcement of the regulations by the lead agencies. The study adopted a systematic document review and case study research design with South Lokichar Basin as the study area. The study established that Kenya has a robust environmental policy and legal framework relevant to environmental governance in oil and gas exploration. Nevertheless, the study identified several gaps in the existing regulations particularly lack of legislations in the areas of drill waste management, oil drilling technologies, gas flaring and dry wells restoration. In addition, the study observed ineffective enforcement of the existing regulations by the lead agencies and this had led to a plethora of ecological and socio-economic challenges arising from oil and gas exploration ventures in South Lokichar Basin. There is a need to develop subsidiary legislations specifically on drill waste management, oil drilling technologies, gas flaring and dry wells restoration in Kenya. The lead agencies needs to be well funded and have their capacities improved to ensure effective policy and legal enforcement for sustainable environmental management in the oil fields.