Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Electronic Marketing and Retailing

International Journal of Electronic Marketing and Retailing (IJEMR)

Forthcoming articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication but are pending final changes, are not yet published and may not appear here in their final order of publication until they are assigned to issues. Therefore, the content conforms to our standards but the presentation (e.g. typesetting and proof-reading) is not necessarily up to the Inderscience standard. Additionally, titles, authors, abstracts and keywords may change before publication. Articles will not be published until the final proofs are validated by their authors.

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International Journal of Electronic Marketing and Retailing (29 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Affective adoption of new grocery shopping modes through cultural change acceptance, consumer learning, and other means of persuasion   Order a copy of this article
    by Kimberly Thomas-Francois, Simon Somogyi 
    Abstract: Research has shown very slow consumer adoption to new grocery shopping options, particularly virtual shopping in North America. While consumers have been willing to purchase objects virtually, there is an inherent scepticism in purchasing food using these modes. Research has also shown while this may be the case in some western countries, eastern countries such as China have seen different acceptance. Urban eastern consumers have embraced virtual shopping and have already moved to hybrid shopping modes including smart grocery shopping. This paper reviews theoretical assumptions which may explain a shift in western consumers behavioural changes and posits a hypothetical conceptual framework for future empirical investigations. The framework advances the idea that cultural change acceptance may be an antecedent to other social factors such as consumer learning, affective factors, cognitive factors, normative appeals among others, trust, perceived privacy and security, and these provide links to the adoption to these new retail modalities.
    Keywords: new retail; smart grocery shopping; virtual grocery shopping; cultural change acceptance; consumer learning; consumer behaviour.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2021.10036679
  • The moderating role of relationship quality in the customer engagement and satisfaction relationship in brand communities: The role of gender   Order a copy of this article
    by Matti Haverila, Kai Haverila, Caitlin McLaughlin 
    Abstract: Relying on social penetration, customer relationship and customer engagement theories, the purpose of this research was to examine the relationships between customer engagement, customer satisfaction and relationship quality in the context of brand communities. Specifically, the moderating role of the relationship quality construct was examined first for the whole data set, and then separately for the male and female respondents. The respondents were members of brand communities who originated from Canada and United States. Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) was utilized to analyze the relationships among the various groups. The results indicate that the relationship between customer engagement and satisfaction is significant for both male and female respondents. However, the relationship between the relationship quality and customer satisfaction was significant in the whole data set as well as for the male respondents, but not for the female respondents. Thus, the relationship quality construct moderated the customer engagement and customer satisfaction relationship only for the male respondents. These results confirm that customer engagement is significantly related to customer satisfaction and also that relationship quality has a different impact for males and females, which brand community managers should consider.
    Keywords: Brand community; Customer satisfaction; Customer engagement; Relationship quality; Gender.

  • The effect of brand love on the electronic word of mouth and repurchase intention   Order a copy of this article
    by Süleyman Çelik, Yusuf Volkan Topuz 
    Abstract: The aim of present study is to determine the effects of brand love on electronic word of mouth communication dimensions and repurchase intention and investigating the effects of electronic word of mouth communication dimensions on repurchase intention in terms of Y generation and mobile phone brands. Another aim of this study is to investigate mediating role of positive electronic word of mouth communication on brand love and repurchase intention. In accordance with this purposes, data is collected through questionnaires from a total of 402 people who are member of Y generation based on mobile phone brands. The collected data were analyzed by SEM using SPSS AMOS program. Results of present study revealed that brand love positively and statistically effects on repurchase intention, positive electronic word of mouth dimension and ewom susceptibilitiy dimension. Furthermore, this study revealed that positive electronic word of mouth positively effects on repurchase intention, negative electronic word of mouth negatively effects on repurchase intention. In additon, it is revealed that positive electronic word of mouth has a partial mediating effect between brand love and repurchase intention.
    Keywords: Brand Love; Electronic Word of Mouth Communication; Repurchase Intention; Y Generation.

  • Understanding the determinants of mobile retailing adoption and usage behavior   Order a copy of this article
    by Sridhar Vaithianathan, Vishal Mishra, Ankur Srivastava 
    Abstract: Existing literature on mobile driven purchases is concentrated largely on developed countries and focuses predominantly on the intention to adopt. The present study investigates the mobile retailing usage behavior of individuals by integrating theories of technology acceptance model (TAM) and technology-organization-environment (TOE) in an emerging market context. A web based survey data on the usage of mobile retailing was collected and analyzed using Structured Equation Modeling (SEM). The results show the direct influence of perceived usefulness and individual characteristics on actual usage, whereas perceived ease of use, environment characteristics and technology characteristics influenced adoption indirectly. The results of the study provide guidelines to the mobile retailers for promoting the usage of their products/services and to the policy makers for enhancing the usage of mobile technologies which can help advance the social and the financial inclusion.
    Keywords: mobile retailing; adoption behavior; usage behavior; emerging economy.

  • The impact of customers` purchasing patterns on their showrooming and webrooming behaviour: an empirical evidence from Georgian retail sector   Order a copy of this article
    by Tornike Khoshtaria, Metin Mercan, Davit Datuashvili, Arian Matin 
    Abstract: Abstractrn The purpose of this study is to explore research shopping among Georgian customers. The modern era provides opportunities to customers worldwide to weigh their options more carefully and optimally make decisions. Customers can shop around the world via online shopping; while physically check the quality and suitability of the item in the local store or vice versa. The mentioned scenario does open the opportunities for some retailers and pose threats for others. This paper studies the relationship between customers' purchasing patterns, namely: customers' basket size, frequency of their purchasing intervals and the monetary value of their purchases and their showrooming and webrooming behaviour. This study took a deductive approach by formulating and analysing hypothetical relationships between the above-mentioned concepts. To test the hypotheses, we designed and distributed a questionnaire with closed-ended questions to measure the impact of variables empirically within the sample size of 416 respondents. The results indicate a negative correlation between basket size, frequency of purchases and show and web rooming behaviour while rejecting a strong positive correlation between monetary value and research shopping.
    Keywords: Purchasing patterns; showrooming; webrooming and customer behaviour.

  • Factors Influencing Purchase Intention of Store Brands in Organized Fashion Retail   Order a copy of this article
    by Aradhana Gandhi, Sonali Bhattacharya 
    Abstract: Store brands is an asset of value to the stakeholders as it offers higher margins as compared to national brands. Nurturing it strengthens the stability of earnings for the fashion retailer and also allows it to use consumers insight for its own product development. The challenge, however, is to keep the store brands relevant during ever-changing consumer taste and preferences. More so, as these fashion fads are driven from the fashion trends from across the world, where people follow Hollywood and other movies and travel, across the globe for work and leisure. Store brands are known to boost store patronage, offer greater price flexibility, improve footfalls, and help build brand loyalty. To build brand loyalty and customer lifetime value, retailers would need to identify what motivates consumers to purchase these brands. Current research is highly inadequate in guiding fashion retailers to stay focussed on building and nurturing these brands. Therefore, this research aims to look at the factors that influence customers willingness to purchase store brands in the context of apparel and fashion retailers in a developing country like India. Quantitative research was undertaken by conducting an e-survey, which was filled by 527 respondents. The empirical study was done to develop a conceptual framework on the various parameters which encourage consumers to purchase store brands. Data were analysed using Exploratory Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Modelling. By carrying out the analysis, distinct parameters were deciphered. It has ascertained that price, quality, and sales promotions play a significant role in keeping the store brands stay alive and generate substantial economic value to the company, apart from driving footfalls to the store regularly.
    Keywords: Private Label; Store Brands; Purchase Intention; Retail; Price Consciousness; Quality Consciousness; Promotions; Fashion and Apparel Retail; India.

  • The Role of the Online Flower of Service in Enhancing Guest Loyalty via the Mediating Role of Guest Experience: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Ala'Eddin Ahmad, Dana Kakeesh, Mohammad Abuhashesh 
    Abstract: The current research examines the impact of the online flower of service on guest loyalty, moderated by guest experience. The flower of service is viewed in relation to online services, and is thus referred to as the online flower of service. In order to study all these variables, a total of 342 valid questionnaires were collected from guests staying at five-star hotels in Jordan and these were analysed using structural equation modeling. This research makes a scholarly contribution to academic and practical knowledge in this field and adds new information about the online flower of service, guest experience measured by convenience, and guest loyalty. It provides useful guidelines for future research work which would ideally extend to other sorts of tourism industry and hospitality services.
    Keywords: Guest experience; Online flower of service; Lovelock’s theoretical model; supplementary services; guest loyalty; hotels; tourism and hospitality industry; Jordan.

  • Effect of Gender and Unplanned Shopping on Healthy Product Buying and Digital Technology Use   Order a copy of this article
    by Vikas Agrawal, Dale Cake, George Gresham 
    Abstract: Ever-changing grocery shopping habits of consumers create many challenges and opportunities for decision makers in the retail grocery industry. This paper focuses on consumers in-store digital technology use and healthy product buying habits and their relationship with gender and unplanned spending. Specifically, among the six shopping components studied, the digital technology use and desire for healthy products explain many consumers in-store shopping habits. This study finds that the shoppers who engage in unplanned shopping tend to use digital technologies more often to enhance their shopping experience. Additionally, there is a significant interaction effect of gender and unplanned shopping on healthy product buying habits. Findings of the study have implications for practical digital promotion stimuli, messaging, and targeting strategies, as well as unplanned shopping and communication theory.
    Keywords: digital technology use; in-store stimuli; unplanned shopping; gender effect; healthy product buying.

  • Nipping the dead mall trend in the bud: A modified shopper based mall equity model for South Africas distressed malls   Order a copy of this article
    by Asphat Muposhi, Chengedzai Mafini, Roy Shamhuyenhanzva 
    Abstract: A modified shopper-based mall equity model was applied to gain insights into possible strategies to reposition distressed shopping malls in South Africa. Mall-intercept and online survey were used to collect cross-sectional data from 623 shoppers recruited from fifteen distressed malls. Structural equation modelling was employed for hypotheses testing. Mall awareness and mall environment emerged as significant predictors of shopping mall value attributed to distressed malls. The effect of shopping mall personality on shopping mall value was insignificant, while perceived mall difference had a negative effect. The path from shopping mall value to mall attachment was also insignificant. Demalling, mall renovation and a distinctive mall personality are suggested as potential strategies to reposition distressed malls and keep pace with experiential value accorded by internet-based malls. Mall personality may be improved by shifting away from a cost-oriented strategy by embracing a differentiated mall strategy premised on enhancing shopper experiential value.
    Keywords: dead mall; modified shopper based mall equity; shopping mall value; mall attachment; South Africa.

  • Finding the optimal social media marketing mix to drive customer attraction and sales performance: an exploratory study   Order a copy of this article
    by Ravi Narayanaswamy, Richard A. Heiens 
    Abstract: Prior studies confirm the influence of social media marketing on a variety of psychological dimensions. However, without tangible performance metrics, most of these studies have been unable to directly and conclusively measure the effectiveness of social media strategy. Utilizing data from the 500 largest Internet retailers in the U.S., this study explores the relationship between social media marketing, customer attraction, and sales performance. The results of our research show that the optimal combination of social media outcomes for enhancing customer attraction includes maximizing the number of likes for Facebook, the number of followers for Twitter, and the number of views for YouTube. To improve sales performance, the optimal approach includes maximizing the number of likes for Facebook and the number of followers for Twitter. Further findings reveal that customer attraction mediates the relationship between social media marketing and Web sales.
    Keywords: Social media marketing; customer attraction; Web sales; Facebook; Instagram; Pinterest; Twitter; YouTube.

  • Do health-brand fan pages satisfy their consumers desires?   Order a copy of this article
    by Gricel Castillo, Lorena Carrete, Pilar Arroyo 
    Abstract: Brand fan pages offer an opportunity to collect information from consumers and enhance customer engagement. This study explores the gratifications sought by consumers of healthy food brands when they participate in these platforms. A qualitative approach was used to collect information in the fortified ready-to-eat cereals category. Data were collected via in-depth interviews followed by a netnography study to analyse the informational, entertaining, relational, and remunerative gratifications provided by health-brand fan pages and the shortcomings perceived about the same. Based on the findings, a conceptual model that enhances the understanding of what are the consumer interaction determinants with brand fan pages is provided. Several studies have applied the uses and gratification theory to explain why consumers are motivated to use social media. However, this study is the first to explore the gratifications offered by health-brand fan pages.
    Keywords: health-food brands; consumer behaviour; brand fan pages; social media; health consciousness; brand engagement; Facebook; engagement.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2021.10038540
  • Shopping orientations and its influence on online purchase intention: a study of young adults   Order a copy of this article
    by Daly Paulose, Roshna Varghese 
    Abstract: This study tests the shopping orientations of young adults when it comes to buying online using a modified version of Sproles and Kendalls (1986) consumer styles inventory (CSI). Till date, no systematic study has explored inclination towards e-shopping among young adults using the CSI approach. The validated CSI scale is tested on a sample of 630 young-adult consumers from an emerging market to examine its cross-cultural generalisability. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis is used to summarise the 46 initial variables into 35 composites that explain 11 underlying factors. The study confirms the applicability of the original CSI scale while identifying three new shopping orientations specific to emerging markets namely uninterested, convenience seeking and diligent shoppers. The role of these shopping orientations as antecedents to youth intention to shop online is then explored. Novelty and convenience seeking shoppers exhibit greater inclination towards e-shopping while quality conscious and confused shoppers with habitual shopping orientations negatively affect online purchase intention.
    Keywords: shopping orientation; shopper typology; purchase intention; consumption; youth; shopping style; internet shopping; e-shopping; retailing; consumer behaviour; shopping; buying behaviour; India.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2021.10038935
  • 20 years of online customer experience: a bibliometric review and research agenda   Order a copy of this article
    by Mehak Goyal, Pankaj Deshwal 
    Abstract: Online customer experience (OCE) has become a major source of competitive advantage Therefore, have been emphasised in literature by practitioners and academicians. This study is an attempt to better understand the intellectual structure of online customer experience research in extant literature. The purpose of this review is to examine and evaluate the subsisting theories, components, facets and various methodology of OCE research studied during 20002020. In the study 585 research articles from various reputed journals published in the last two decades are used for performing bibliometric analysis. VOSviewer software based on smart local moving (SML) algorithm is used for conducting both co-citation and co-word analysis. Findings revealed the most eminent research articles, most influential author and most occurred keywords. This holistic review will provide future directions and act as a foundation of emerging issues in the domain of OCE.
    Keywords: online customer experience; OCE; bibliometric analysis; VOSviewer; co-citation; technology acceptance model; TAM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2021.10037301
  • Digital luxury retailing and the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative study   Order a copy of this article
    by Giuseppe Colella, Cesare Amatulli 
    Abstract: Luxury brands are increasingly realising the central importance of digital technology in addressing consumers needs and desires. In this context, several studies have focused on the role that digital technologies play in luxury brands communication, but few of them have addressed luxury brands digital retail distribution strategies. Understanding this topic is especially critical amidst changes in global economics many of them spurred by the COVID-19 pandemic that are reshaping how luxury consumers shop at and interact with retailers. Against that backdrop, this research pursues a twofold objective, namely: identifying the current effects of the pandemic on luxury brands digital retailing and illuminating the challenges said brands will face in the near future. Given the sparse explorations of digital retailing (especially for luxury brands) and the extraordinary nature of the pandemic, this research uses a qualitative-exploratory approach based on semi-structured one-to-one interviews with experts from a leading digital marketing company in order to develop some initial insights. The limitations of this research are due to the cut-off period and the use of a restricted sample. In addition to discussing the theoretical and managerial implications of the results, the paper provides interesting guidance for future research.
    Keywords: digital marketing; digital retailing; luxury marketing; digital luxury retailing; e-commerce; electronic commerce; pandemic; qualitative study.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2021.10036028
  • A Strategic Framework for Non-Intrusive Mobile-Marketing Campaigns   Order a copy of this article
    by Saurabh Mittal, Vikas Kumar 
    Abstract: Intrusive marketing is invasive in nature and it has negative impact on the consumers. Due to its turning off effect, customers may develop an antipathy to the brand. Hence, the marketing campaign may lead to just opposite of its objectives. With the large scale proliferation of mobile communication, there has been a stringent shift from the traditional marketing to mobile phone based marketing. However, due to the more personalized nature of device, customers are generally more sensitive towards the marketing campaigns delivered on their mobile phones. Any unwanted marketing campaign may elicit negative response and marketers need to be very careful in drafting their strategies to identify what and how to reduce the intrusive nature of their advertisements. The existing frameworks and models for marketing campaigns do not cover the intrusiveness of mobile marketing campaigns. Present work identifies the factors leading to the non-intrusive campaigns and their possible consumer effects. A strategic framework has been proposed for the development of non-intrusive mobile marketing campaigns along with technology based solutions and content specific suggestions.
    Keywords: Intrusive marketing; Non-Intrusive Marketing; Mobile Marketing; Passive Marketing; Non-intrusive mobile marketing framework.

  • Interactive websites of e-Malls instigate intentions to generate e-WoM   Order a copy of this article
    by Tahir Mumtaz Awan, Tayyaba Latif, Faheem Aslam, Tayyba Fatima 
    Abstract: The study was outlined to understand antecedents of consumers intentions to generate electronic word of mouth and to examine the role of website interactivity with the interplay of e-satisfaction, perceived ease-of-use and perceived usefulness. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaires from the respondents of both genders belonging to multiple age groups. Data analysis was carried out through Smart PLS and the hypothesized relationships were tested. The results illuminated significance of websites interactivity in achieving a well generated content from consumers and revealed that all three intervening constructs play vividly to facilitate consumers in sharing their experiences. It implies that companies should focus on developing strategies to make their website more interactive. Marketers can conveniently work upon their desired e-WoM generation in order to obtain rich user generated content. The practice is also considered as an information dissemination mechanism, consequently educating consumers.
    Keywords: Website Interactivity; e-WoM; Perceived Usefulness; Perceived Ease-of-Use; e-Satisfaction.

  • Investigating Last-Mile Delivery Options on Online Shoppers Experience and Repurchase Intention.   Order a copy of this article
    by Salini Devi Rajendran, Siti Norida Wahab 
    Abstract: Last-mile delivery is considered an imperative element in online trading. As technology is expanding and accelerating, the need to make sure that online shoppers in Malaysia experienced on-time and reliable online shopping delivery services has become vital. Hence, e-retailers play a major part in investigating the challenges faced by online shoppers during delivery services and identifying their most preferred delivery options. This paper aims to investigate the influence of last-mile delivery options on the online shopper's experience and its effect on the intention to repurchase with e-retailers. The study was carried out among 150 experienced online shoppers. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modelling via SmartPLS 3. Findings revealed that time-slot delivery and unattended delivery significantly influence online shoppers experience and repurchase intention. Hence, this paper provides useful insights for online retailers to improve their current and future last-mile delivery services to customers.
    Keywords: last mile delivery; delivery options; online shopping; e-retailers.

  • NLP technologies for analysing user generated Twitter data to identify the reputation of universities in the Valencian community, Spain   Order a copy of this article
    by Paula Nuñez Milan, Manuel Palomar, Yoan Gutierrez 
    Abstract: The measurement of a university's reputation is currently based on rankings published nationally and internationally. These rankings are based on different criteria directly related to research and teaching, thereby creating a reputation. However, the proliferation of digital media has made it is possible to know the real opinion of stakeholders on a range of issues, including brand perception. Therefore, analyzing data sets from social networks, blogs and the comment sections of websites has become an increasingly worthwhile task to getting a thorough understanding of an organizations reputation. One way to approach this task is to use natural language processing (NLP) technologies as part of the process of conceiving the social reputation of institutional brands by interpreting a large amount of comments from social users. NLP technologies are useful for identifying and quantifying positive, neutral, negative and other information posted on social networks, i.e. Twitter. Through this research, we intend to monitor the situation of universities in the Valencian Community in terms of audience opinions, based on a justified selection of Human Language Technologies that provide the necessary data from tweets, to create different classifications such as reputation, audience, among others.
    Keywords: Universities; Natural Language Processing; technologies; Social Media; reputation; sentiment analysis; opinion mining; audience; public opinion; Human Language Technologies.

  • Antecedents of m-commerce satisfaction and purchase behaviour in the footwear industry   Order a copy of this article
    by Mehruba Haque, Amy Wong 
    Abstract: This study examined the antecedents of customer satisfaction and purchase behaviour in a m-commerce setting. Data was collected from online customers who have previously purchased a footwear from the m-commerce website of a leading footwear retailer in Bangladesh, a developing country. Using multiple regression analyses, the study examined the relationships between the independent and dependent variables (i.e., customer satisfaction and purchase). The results highlighted the positive effects of perceived website interactivity and perceived information quality on customer satisfaction, as well as the positive effects of perceived ease of use and perceived service quality on customer purchase behaviour. This study highlighted the important factors that m-commerce websites should focus on in order to deliver an enjoyable online shopping experience that can bring about the fulfilment of customer expectations, leading to stronger customer relationships and increased sales for the company. Further discussion and implications are presented.
    Keywords: perceived website interactivity; perceived information quality; perceived service quality; customer satisfaction; purchase behaviour.

  • Effectiveness of In-Game Advertisements within Role-Playing Games   Order a copy of this article
    by Luis Guerra, Deepak Saxena 
    Abstract: The digital gaming industry has grown tremendously in the past decade. The vast potential of the gaming market combined with consumers defiance for traditional advertising calls for research focusing on finding the most effective ways to implement advertisements within digital games. Although research has studied factors such as advertisement format, gaming experience, demographics, brand familiarity and advertising attitude in racing game, limited research has been performed in the genre of Role-Playing Games (RPG), which accounts with a vast player base. This study investigates the influence of two key factors prominence and congruity on brand awareness and brand attitudes in the RPG context. Using brand placement in a self-developed game, this study finds that passive and incongruent advertisements are associated with high brand recognition and brand recall in the RPG genre.
    Keywords: in-game advertising; prominence; congruity; brand recall; brand recognition.

  • The determinants of e-tourism websites for tourists while selecting a travel destination   Order a copy of this article
    by Sheshadri Chatterjee, Dipasree Majumdar, Sanjay Misra, Robertas Damasevicius 
    Abstract: The purpose of this article is to identify the determinants of the e-tourism websites for tourists to select their travel destinations. Based on the review of the literature, a conceptual model has been developed. The model contains antecedents of e-tourism websites that could help a tourist to select the travel destination. The model has been validated statistically with a survey involving 309 usable respondents. The PLS-SEM analysis was conducted for hypotheses testing and for validation of the conceptual model. The results show that the antecedents of e-tourism websites like the ease of use, website enjoyment, perceived authenticity of websites, and perceived risk have an impact on the tourists for selection of their travel destinations. The e-tourism websites should possess special features to help travelers to accurately finalize their travel destinations. The developer of the website should design the websites interactive so that the viewers can enjoy while surfing the website and should be cautious towards the accuracy of the information-content so that the viewers can feel the contents authenticated. Since there are not many studies in the context of the contribution of e-tourism websites for selecting a travel destination, this study has taken an attempt to fill up this gap.
    Keywords: e-tourism; travel destination; enjoyment; trust; authenticity; interactivity.

  • The impact of new e-retailers policy information on post-purchase services towards customer satisfaction   Order a copy of this article
    by E. Noble Kennedy, Goutam Kumar Kundu 
    Abstract: The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between the policy information and post-purchase services towards customer satisfaction that influences repeat purchase intention of the new e-retailers in India. Using SmartPLS 3 structural equation modelling software, authors present an enhanced model based on the survey from the customers who had the online purchase experience from new e-retailers. It extends from the previous past studies from post-purchase studies that impact customer satisfaction and repeat purchase intention. The result of the study shows that policy information (policy clarity, policy fairness, policy trust) improves the post-purchase services (customer support, delivery service, delivery tracking, and product return) and significantly adds value to customer satisfaction and influence repeat purchase intention. The contribution of this study is as follows: it first identifies the variables having relevance to the policy information of new e-retailers; second, it evaluates the impact of e-retailers policy information that promises and encourages post-purchase services; and third, proposes a significant measure of model extension with the relationship between policy information and post-purchase services towards customer satisfaction.
    Keywords: e-retailer; supply chain; post-purchase; policy information; customer satisfaction; repeat purchase intention.

  • The Effect of Country of Origin on Perceived Quality of E-Services   Order a copy of this article
    by Zhuofan Zhang, Fernando Jimenez, Shuang Yang 
    Abstract: A vast amount of research shows that country of origin information can influence consumers evaluations of perceived quality. However, most investigations of country of origin effects have been conducted in the realm of tangible goods. Scant research has investigated whether country of origin influences consumers evaluations of perceived quality in the context of intangible electronic services (i.e. e-services), such as mobile applications, websites and video games. This article fills that void. Based on categorisation theory, we propose that the effect of country of origin information on perceived quality is mediated by the activation of stereotypical attributes associated with tangible products. Accordingly, when country of origin information triggers tangible stereotypical attributes, country of origin effects will not be diagnostic for evaluations of e-services. Thus, country of origin effects observed in tangible goods will not spill over to e-services. The results of an experimental study support this claim. The implications for country of origin spillover effects as well as for managers of e-services are also discussed.
    Keywords: country of origin; perceived quality; e-services; spillover effect.

  • Investigating the impact of digital media advertising content on accepting or rejecting the message mediated by advertising value and modifier of brand trust and marketing innovation (case study: citizens of the west of Tehran)   Order a copy of this article
    by Mahshid Janmohammadi 
    Abstract: The goal of this analysis is to examine the influence of digital advertising content on the reception or denial of messages. Research variables include educational content, entertainment, stimulation and, advertising value, brand trust, and the intention to embrace or reject the message and innovation. The research approach is path analysis and modelling of structural equations. To analyze the data in the descriptive statistics section and reliability test, SPSS software will be used and in the section of confirming the validity of the structure, SmartPLS software will be used to approve the general model. The findings revealed that the relationship between the dimensions of digital media and the purpose to embrace or deny the advertising message with advertising value is moderated by the brand trust. The results also showed that marketing innovation is a good modifier for the relationship between advertising value and the intention to accept or reject the brand.
    Keywords: digital media; advertising value; brand trust; marketing innovation.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2021.10037633
  • The Importance of Service Convenience and Temporal Personality for Omnichannel Customer Equity and Shopping Behavior   Order a copy of this article
    by Joon Yong Park, Renee Kim 
    Abstract: The boundary between online and offline market has disappeared and the retail channel has evolved from segmented channels to omnichannel (OC) format, and consumers shopping behaviour is rapidly evolving with the emergence of the OC retail service. The OC enables consumers to have seamless experience both in online and offline domains, having access to shopping convenience regardless of time and location. The pressure to provide convenience is rising in the retail sector, and companies make large investments to improve the convenience of services through the adoption of Omni-channel. The purpose of this study is to assess how OC's perceived service convenience can impact customer equity from a customer perspective. Analyzing the significance of OC service convenience in the minds of customers can help companies decide how to stay current and attract potential new customers. The study also assesses the effect of temporal personality on their perceived value of OC service, which may help development of effective OC strategy, projecting consumer behavior more precisely. Seider (2007)s SERVCON framework was applied to analyze the relationship between service convenience and customer equity and usage intention of OC. Online survey method was used to collect OC consumers. Findings present the importance of selected OC constructs such as post-benefit convenience and differential effect of temporal personality on consumers preference for the OC service convenience.
    Keywords: Omnichannel; Service convenience; SERVCON; Temporal Personality; Customer equity.

  • An exploration of online marketplace quality dimension and relationship with purchase intention: The mediating roles of trust and e-Wom   Order a copy of this article
    by Priyadarshi Ranjan, GVRK Acharyulu 
    Abstract: As the e-commerce industry undergoes metamorphosis with each passing day, gaining and retaining competitive advantage has become a significant challenge for the online marketplace. In this scenario, sellers have emerged in the forefront, playing a crucial role within companies and helping them in outperforming their rivals in the competitive market. This research has empirically investigated the effect of online marketplace quality on online purchase intention by introducing a new dimension: seller selection quality with website design quality and service quality of the online marketplace, testing the direct and indirect mediation effects of trust and e-WOM. In the proposed model, seller selection quality is determined by the product price, product quality, delivery lead time and delivery cost, and its helps to match consumer desire to overcome quality issues of the online marketplace. Data has been collected from University students using a web-based survey using adapted instruments. In order to test the hypothesis on the relationship between constructs, data analysis has been done using SmartPLS-SEM 3.0. The statistical results indicate that online marketplace quality is a strong predictor of trust and e-WOM, both of them mediating the relationship between online marketplace quality and online purchase intention.
    Keywords: Online marketplace quality; seller selection quality; website quality; service quality; online purchase intention; trust; e-WOM; Pls.

  • Understanding Consumer Adoption and Actual Usage of Digital Payment Instruments: Comparison Between Generation Y and Generation Z   Order a copy of this article
    by Irfan Fadhilah, Daniel Tumpal H. Aruan 
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that encourage people to use digital payment instruments, specifically from two tech-savvy generations: Generation Y and Generation Z. A total of 320 respondents from both generations was obtained through an online survey. The results revealed that Generation Y showed a lower tolerance to the risks involved in using digital payment and are prone to social environment influence. Meanwhile, Generation Z highly considered the performance quality, together with joy and satisfaction, from using digital payment. The results of this study could be an insight for concerning parties to give a better understanding of Generation Y and Generation Zs behaviors, especially on their stance of adopting technology. Hence, this study could help them devise the best way to approach these generations to market their products for research purposes.
    Keywords: UTAUT2; Stickiness to Use Cash; Digital Payment Instruments; Generation Y; Generation Z.

  • Workplace mindfulness and customer satisfaction: an investigation in hospitality industry based on overall ratings   Order a copy of this article
    by Eser Erdurmazlı, Haluk Erdem, Ufuk Türen, Yunus Gökmen, Gökdeniz Kalkın 
    Abstract: Despite growing number of studies demonstrating its substantial potential in workplace settings, empirical studies on effects of workplace mindfulness on individual and organisational outcomes are still at a very early stage. Furthermore, the number of studies on how to improve attitudes and behaviours of hotel employees to a much higher level is quite insufficient. In this regard, based on self-regulation theory, this study examined the relationship between hotel employees mindful behaviours and guest satisfaction in the form of overall ratings. To that end, 286 employees from 20 hotels in Mula province of Turkey constituted the studys sample. The results of the analyses revealed a significant relationship between workplace mindfulness and customer (guest) satisfaction. We expect that this study can make a significant contribution to filling the current theoretical gap in relevant literatures. We suggest that it may be very beneficial for hotel operators to invest in training and supporting of their employees to improve their mindful job attitudes and behaviours if they want to increase guest satisfaction so that they can become and remain competitive in the sector.
    Keywords: workplace mindfulness; customer/guest satisfaction; hotels; hospitality industry;; self-regulation theory.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2021.10039337
  • Social media communication and consumer decision making: an empirical perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Sumit Sangwan, Supran Kumar Sharma 
    Abstract: Consumer behaviour is changing dynamically with the emergence of diverse social media platforms. The study considers all phases of consumer decision making (CDM) and states their level of significance with respect to social media involvement. Primary data were collected through self-administered questionnaires. Exploratory factor analysis was applied to check the dimensionality of constructs followed by structural equation modelling. The findings explicate that pre-purchase activities are highly influenced by social media followed by post-purchase evaluation, purchase decision and finally need recognition. The study confers insights to marketers/practitioners/academicians about influence of social media during different phases and relevantly contributes to literature. The study suggests marketers to provide reliable and detailed information of products/services on social media and focus on consumers opinions published which are considered to be trustworthy information. The study elucidates how business organisations can influence consumers decision by participating actively on social media and maintaining customer relationship management.
    Keywords: firm-generated content; user-generated content; social media; consumer decision making; CDM; pre-purchase activities.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEMR.2021.10039339