International Journal of Engineering Management and Economics
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International Journal of Engineering Management and Economics (3 papers in press)
The Algerian Natural Gas in light of the Regional Gas Markets Developments by Laib Yassine Laib, Dounya Boudada, Riad Abadli Abstract: The international gas markets have witnessed major developments. Shale gas revolution in the United States of America is the most important one, in addition to the escalating role of the liquefied natural gas. This stimulated an increase in natural gas prices, accompanied by an increase in demand; which led to significant changes that affected the dealers in those markets. Algeria is one of the most important dealers in gas markets. However, several challenges have been produced; due to the developments in these markets. These challenges put the natural gas industry in Algeria in front of large pressures, particularly with the domestic consumption rise of natural gas. Through this paper, we aim to highlight the most important challenges that face gas industry in Algeria and how to deal with them. Keywords: Regional gas markets; liquefied natural gas; Shale gas; Algerian natural gas.
Fiscal Implications of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in India: A Study of Noida SEZ by N.K. Bishnoi, Babita Abstract: This paper analyzes the fiscal implications of Noida special economic zones (NSEZ) on government budget. The analysis is based on the aggregated data collected form NSEZ and taking 2009-10 to 2015-2016 as reference period. The study reveals that government incurred a lot of expenditure and costs for successful running of the zone and option to earn revenue is foregone because payment of various taxes and duties is not applicable to SEZs. This, in turn has affected both revenue and expenditure of the government budget and it raises the questions about actual contributions of such enclaves to national fiscal health and supports the arguments of opponents regarding discontinuation of scheme. It is suggested that government should lessen these effects either by withdrawing fiscal incentives fully or partially or through exploring some constructive ways. Keywords: Keywords: - Budget; Fiscal; SEZs; NPV; BC ratiornJEL Classifications: - D04; D61; F13; H2; J01rn.
Model for Measuring the Effect of Incentive Schemes, Tariff Regimes and Technological Innovations on Change of Consumer Behavior on Energy Savings,
A Study Based on Sri Lankan Electricity Consumers in Domestic Sector
by Witharamalage Jayaratne, SWSB Dasanayaka, D.M. Mudalige Abstract: The main objective of this research study is to ascertain the possible mediating effects of incentives and regulations on changing consumer behavior towards energy conservation. The influence of incentives and regulations on changing consumer mindset on the use of efficient technologies, effective use of tariff regimes and balanced way of electricity usage is evaluated within this study. The integration of tariff regimes, technological improvements together with human behavior is rarely found in the existing literature of consumer behavior. This research attempts to develop a scientific model which can explain the behavior of these three independent constructs in the light of two mediating variables. Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), Attitude Behavior and Consequence (ABC) model and Information Processing Theory (IPT) are used as the existing knowledge whilst consumer perception on three independent constructs obtained by way of questionnaire survey. The integrated model is then evaluated, reduced and re-specified using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique. Domestic sector consumers are examined in detail with 500 samples. The findings show that existing incentive mechanisms on lower end domestic consumers are ineffective. The effective group is the high-end consumers who consume more than 180kWh units per month but not the lower end. This model can be used as the scientific instrument for expanding policy directives with different incentive mechanisms and regulatory framework. It is validated specially with the use of 100 randomly selected consumers in domestic sector. Accordingly, the outcome of the research can be applied as a policy directive on energy conservation in Sri Lanka. Keywords: Key words: Energy conservation; incentives; interventions; regulatory framework; structural equation modelling; tariff regimes; technology management.