Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles (IJEHV)

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International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles (8 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • An exploration on electric vehicle purchase intention   Order a copy of this article
    by Nagarajan Shanmugavel, Chidambaram Alagappan 
    Abstract: The crucial objective of this research is to explore the effect of environmental product knowledge, environmental concern, perceived behavioral control and perceived innovativeness on electric vehicles purchase intention and to explore the direct and indirect effect of these variables on customers purchase intention of electric vehicles. This research employed several variables from two different theories, namely the TBP and UTAUT, to explore the cumulative impact of the variables on purchase intention of electric vehicles. The uniqueness of this study is that it considered perceived innovativeness along with these environmental constructs to explore the purchase intention of electric vehicles from a sample of 322 general public. The final outcome of this research signifies that environmental product knowledge has a substantial effect on EV purchase intention, perceived innovativeness has positive significant effect on EV purchase intention, and environmental product knowledge on electric vehicle purchase intention is positively moderated by age.
    Keywords: electric vehicle purchase intention; environmental product knowledge; environmental concern; perceived behavioral control; perceived innovativeness.

  • Comprehensive review of charging solutions for electric vehicles: an internet of things based approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Sarasij Adhikary, Pabitra Kumar Biswas, Chiranjit Sain 
    Abstract: Electric Vehicles (EV) are bringing in a new era in transportation by reducing emissions, noiseless operation, and the efficient consumption of energy compared with internal combustion Engines. However, EVs have has significant limitations in terms of battery capacity, lack of long-range travel, long charging time, and cost. A smart and optimised charging technique will help the consumer for the energy consumption of EV as per time of use. The sharing of charge in the interest of charging cost reduction and increasing energy demand due to EV charging may affect the load balancing of the power system. The charging infrastructure development may increase the performance criterion. This paper includes a brief discussion about EV components, which will help researchers for a quick overview of EVs, and an improved charging solution for EVs is proposed.
    Keywords: electric vehicles; electric vehicle charging; charging strategies.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2022.10052147
  • Modelling and a nalysis of electric two-wheeler with novel planetary gear box transmission   Order a copy of this article
    by Aditya Paranjape, Amey Kulkarni, Mihir Kulkarni, Neeraj Kumbhojkar 
    Abstract: With the world moving towards new sustainable sources of power for automobiles, electric powertrain systems are considered to be suitable. The study focuses on modelling and analysis of electric two-wheeler and designing and analysis of planetary gear box. Based on the analysis and market survey, recommendations for primary components are given. The electric vehicle is analysed using the drive cycle data and modelled using vehicle dynamics equations. The result of this analysis is the current profile requirement to be fulfilled by the battery pack. The battery modelling and analysis is done based on the equivalent circuit modelling. The current profiles and battery testing data is used as input to the battery model. SOC and voltage variations were determined from this modelling. The transmission gear ratio and geometry was determined. The dynamic analysis and life cycle estimation of the gear box was done in Ricardo SABR.
    Keywords: electric vehicle; planetary gear box; powertrain; battery; modelling.

  • Development of powertrain mounting system for high frequency characteristics optimization in electric vehicles   Order a copy of this article
    by Sandip Hazra, Janardhan Reddy 
    Abstract: The dynamic behaviour of a powertrain mount at high frequency is an important criterion for vibration isolation performance of an electric vehicle (EV), whereas in an internal combustion engine (ICE), low-frequency dynamic stiffness is generally considered, although the dynamic stiffness from 1000 to 3000 Hz impacts overall in-cab noise and articulation index in both ICE and EV. Motor excitation frequency can lead to high frequency resonance issue in an EV. In this paper, the powertrain mount design technique is described in detail to address high frequency issues. The high frequency problem is first analytically described. The effect of non-identical stiffness of rubber legs within a mount is simulated for dynamic frequency response. A case study shows the impact of non-identical mount stiffness by changing the rubber leg design, on vehicle level high frequency resonance.
    Keywords: electric vehicle; powertrain mount; dynamic stiffness; high frequency.

  • Classification and review of electric circuit models for electric vehicle batteries   Order a copy of this article
    by Arvind S. Pande, Bhanu Pratap Soni, Kishor V. Bhadane 
    Abstract: Battery-operated electric vehicles are attracting many users. Utilisations of EV are day by day increasing and hence there is need to enhance the entire performance of EV by designing the best internal parameters of the batteries used in the subsystems of EV. The performance of batteries depends on various factors, such as specific energy, life cycle, safety, internal resistances, charge and discharge time, temperature, cost, and toxicity. The main objective of this paper is to study and analyse the electric circuit model (ECM) of EV batteries to find the internal parameters by using an algorithm. The various models of ECM, such as simple model, enhanced simple model, dynamic model, Thevenin-based model, modified generic model, and Tremblay model, are critically reviewed. The Thevenin model is best suitable for simulation of battery for soc, sop etc., from predefined values of resistances and capacitor.
    Keywords: electric vehicle; battery; modelling; BMS.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2022.10052020
  • Criteria and integration limitations for cells and thermal management in EV battery pack design. A review   Order a copy of this article
    by Iban Retolaza, Ander Avila-Limia, Iban Diaz, Maite Elkoro 
    Abstract: Transportation methods are changing, and electric vehicles (EVs) may replace to some extent combustion ones in the short term. Nevertheless, new EV technology does not transmit so much reliance owing to its safety issues and limited range. Hence, in this paper, an introduction is made to outline EVs' current state and safety problems, and it aims to give an overall view of the different available solutions to design a battery pack (BP) and their limitations. Owing to the extension of the criteria to design a BP, this paper is focused on the cells (types, integration in the BP, and joining methods) and the thermal safety of the system (how to detect a thermal runaway, battery thermal management systems and cooling strategies) from the point of view of the implementation to the BP. Finally, some features that limit BP designs in which more research is needed have been identified.
    Keywords: EV; electromobility; battery pack; lithium-ion battery; design criteria; cell joining; cell compression; thermal safety; thermal runaway; BTMS.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2022.10050670
  • Powertrain mount Layout and stiffness selection in electric vehicle application: a multi-objective approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Sandip Hazra, Janardhan Reddy 
    Abstract: The powertrain mount optimisation for ICE has been established and researched for many applications. Hence, it is reasonable to carry over the same ICE concepts to EV mounting system design. The layout is selected depending on powertrain weight, input torque, crash, package space, and NVH requirements. The main difference between the ICE and EV for the powertrain mounting system is NVH perception due to the shift of source noise from low frequency to high frequency and durability loads due to regenerative loading. The masking effect in ICE gives a different powertrain noise profile compared with EV. The sudden change of torque develops powertrain roll more than ICE for a pendulum mounting system, leading to a bigger dynamic envelope in EV. This paper focuses on the shift of focus needed to minimise the risk associated with NVH during powertrain mount layout and stiffness selection with the help of a case study.
    Keywords: electric vehicle; layout; stiffness; NVH; powertrain mounting system.

  • PI gain optimisation and artificial intelligence based direct torque control of induction motor equipped electric vehicle drives   Order a copy of this article
    by Nitesh Tiwari, Shekhar Yadav, Sabha Raj Arya 
    Abstract: This paper designs DTC-based IM drives for EV applications by using PI and artificial intelligence controllers. Two artificial intelligence controllers, namely ANN and ANFIS, are compared in this paper. The design process of the ANFIS controller is independent of the drives, IM, or EV parameters. ANFIS controller only takes input-output data set to restructure the membership function artificially. IM-based EV drives system is a purely non-linear system whose performance depends on the sudden change of speed and torque. Hence, controlled parameters of the motor drives system are needed to calculate very precisely. Some metaheuristics optimisation techniques, such as DE, TLBO, GA, PSO, ABC, GWO, and JFO, are implemented to obtain the optimised value of the controlled parameter of the PI controller. The main advantage of using these optimisation techniques is that system identification is not required for implementation.
    Keywords: differential evolution; grey wolf optimisation; jellyfish optimisation; artificial neuro-fuzzy inference system; induction motor drive; driving cycle.