Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy

International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy (IJDipE)

Forthcoming articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication but are pending final changes, are not yet published and may not appear here in their final order of publication until they are assigned to issues. Therefore, the content conforms to our standards but the presentation (e.g. typesetting and proof-reading) is not necessarily up to the Inderscience standard. Additionally, titles, authors, abstracts and keywords may change before publication. Articles will not be published until the final proofs are validated by their authors.

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International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy (4 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Navigating cultural diplomacy: a literary perspective from India   Order a copy of this article
    by Gazala Khan, Sazzad Parwez 
    Abstract: Cultural Diplomacy is adopted as a medium for establishing strong international relations among counties of distinct cultures, socio-spatial dimensions and ethnicities. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation is one such international body which creates space and opportunities to connect with people from different countries and tries to establish bonds of solidarity through various programs and festivals through cultural exchange. Among other mediums, books are considered a SoftPower. The paper focuses on Indian literature and how it has tried to establish bonds of solidarity on a global pedestal. It is observed that the inter-literary connections between countries like Russia, France, China, England and America proved significant in consolidating international relations.
    Keywords: cultural diplomacy; Indian literature; soft-power; international relations.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJDIPE.2022.10050720
  • Leveraging Chinese economic presence in the postlockdown Ghanaian market space and the growth of Chinas public relations and diplomacy   Order a copy of this article
    by Thomas Ameyaw-Brobbey 
    Abstract: Recent research indicates that the COVID-19 pandemic has deeply affected the socioeconomic life of people in sub-Saharan Africa. Consequently, the papers purpose is to explore how the economically bottom-class citizens in Ghana small-scale vendors are navigating themselves out of their predicaments. Using a mixed method, I combined a structured questionnaire with unstructured interviews to collect data and examined 384 small-scale vendors in four urban centres with content analysis and SPSS descriptive statistics. I find that Ghanaian small-scale vendors are leveraging the Chinese economic presence in the Ghanaian market space to navigate themselves from the negative impacts the pandemic brought on their socioeconomic life. I argue that Chinas international image-building effort is growing and achieving desired outcomes in Ghana as a result of pegging economic engagement as a soft power resource. The economic engagements may further Chinese public relations and diplomacy transforming Chinese cultural assets into soft power. I base the theoretical argument on the new public diplomacy framework.
    Keywords: Ghana; China; COVID-19 pandemic; China’s economic/business presence; living standard and poverty; small-scale vendors and low-income earners; new public diplomacy; Ghanaian market space; soft power; public relations and image building.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJDIPE.2022.10051186
  • The effects of Chinas wolf warrior diplomacy on the Chinese economy: a stock market perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Kerry Liu 
    Abstract: Chinas wolf warrior diplomacy has attracted worldwide attention since April 2020. There are discussions about the potential negative effects on the Chinese economy. Based on weekly Google Trends data during April 2020 to February 2022, this study creatively created a wolf warrior diplomacy index used as a proxy measuring the aggressiveness or assertiveness of Chinese foreign policy. Using an exponential generalised autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic model, this study finds that the effects of the wolf warrior diplomacy index on the Chinese stock markets, i.e., a proxy variable for the Chinese economy, are insignificant. Various robustness tests and fundamental data also support this conclusion. The implication is that, while a countrys foreign policy may potentially impact its economy, its decisive force may be primarily fundamental factors.
    Keywords: China; wolf warrior diplomacy; Covid-19; EGARCH; exponential generalised autoregressive conditional heteroskedastic model; Shanghai stock exchange composite index; Google trends.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJDIPE.2022.10051339
  • The impact of womens economic empowerment on the rise of female entrepreneurship and human capital in South Africa   Order a copy of this article
    by Vito Bobek, Andrea Schachl, Tatjana Horvat 
    Abstract: The authors investigated the importance of womens economic empowerment and its impact on the rise of female entrepreneurship and human capital in South Africa. The research included a case study analysis with four in-depth expert interviews. Data triangulation ensured the studys validity, and the case was examined through pattern matching. The results demonstrate that female entrepreneurs face challenges such as access to resources and education, socio-cultural norms, a lack of social protection and a large and unprotected informal sector. The government and institutions shall promote womens enablement through a direct labour market intervention, support for the informal sector, a gender-sensitive constitutional, legal and institutional framework, the enforcement and oversight of gender-responsive laws and policies and access to resources and education. Furthermore, women require digital inclusion, entrepreneur networks, social protection and reformed sociocultural norms. If female entrepreneurs are empowered adequately, they would contribute to nations human capital, economic growth and development.
    Keywords: women’s economic empowerment; women entrepreneurship; selfemployed females; female labour force participation; gender equality; genderresponsive policies and initiatives; female entrepreneurs in South Africa; human capital.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJDIPE.2022.10051340