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International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy (3 papers in press)
Potential Impact of Belt and Road Initiative on trade of Euromediterranean Countries with China by Lin Wang, Vito Bobek, Anita Macek, Tatjana Horvat Abstract: European Union (EU) is facing several challenges, including the disparities in the development, the rise in the populist political parties, and the debt crisis from Greece and Italy. Chinas One Belt and One Road Initiative provides an opportunity for the EU to overcome the challenges and offers a cooperative strategy for Eurasian countries. It will significantly benefit the lagging behind EU countries by orienting them for culture, commerce, technique, exhibition, and logistics centers for Eurasia. The Mediterranean ports (e.g., Trieste in Italy and Piraeus in Greece) should be revitalized. While the dominant exports from the EU to China are still machinery and electrical products and the room to export them are becoming smaller in the future, the most potential in China is vegetables and food products due to the huge consumer market and the concern on a combination of environmental pollution and food safety. The railways and the seaports from the Mediterranean are the key networks under One Belt One Road to improve the market connectivity and facilitate bilateral trade between the EU and China. Keywords: One Belt and One Road Initiative; China; Greece; Italy.
The Missing Link: Cities and Soft Power of Nations by Efe Sevin Abstract: This theory-building research explores and identifies how cities generate soft power for nation-states through their communicative and diplomatic practices. Building on the relatively nascent studies of city diplomacy and city branding, the main objective is to establish a taxonomic categorization of cities as soft power assets. The reason for conducting a research is three-fold. First, cities have proven to be viable diplomatic actors in the recent years (Pluijm & Melissen, 2007) and continue to increase their prominence in the international arena (La Porte, 2013). But the excitement about the potential of cities to lead in providing solutions to global problems (Barber, 2014) overshadows their role as sub-state units. Second, mega-cities and metropolitan areas dominate the research carried out in tourism and city branding studies (cf. Anttiroiko, 2015; Bj Keywords: city diplomacy; public diplomacy; city branding; communication; soft power.
Compass for public/private management in turbulent times: Corporate Diplomacy by Wilfried Bolewski Abstract: The 21st Century is characterized by grand challenges, external shocks and global fragilities, such as economic volatility and societal upheaval in our interconnected communities. International business managers must adapt to consider geopolitics as relevant to their activities, to integrate political risk analyses into their business decisions. International society is in need of content-sensitive orientation knowledge to reassess, adjust and accommodate diplomacys essentials (human factor interactions) to new expectations of the public sphere. In a qualitative leap towards a change of mindset, decision-makers should learn to think and act responsibly through the middle of conflictual situations towards compromise and consensus, thus managing politics through diplomacy.rnTransnational corporations can profit from traditional state diplomacy in order to create a reliable working environment and to anticipate and avoid costly conflicts, if they practice Corporate Diplomacy as a key concept of trusted and coordinated collaboration with government and local host communities. Corporations adhering to the diplomatic communication tool of Corporate Diplomacy are also gaining legitimacy and political influence over the development of societies.rnKeywords: Keywords: Corporate Diplomacy as governance compass; everyday diplomacy; privatized diplomacy; diplomacy as third culture.