International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics
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International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics (3 papers in press)
What drives leader integrity? by Mojgan Zarghamifard, Hasan Danaee Fard Abstract: The inspiration for this research is determined by the fact that leader integrity may have countless effects on organisations and employee performance. The research gap has focused on the antecedents of leader integrity within Iranian public services. This qualitative study used rich data from in-depth interviews and followed a Glaserian grounded theory as its research method. Results have suggested that, different factors influence leader integrity that include: individual characteristics (altruistic mindset, authenticity, organisational-based self-esteem, personal values that confer integrity, Machiavellianism), moderating factors (organisational: organisational climate regarding integrity, human resources management, whistleblower activities, organisational transparency and politicisation of bureaucracy) and moderating factors (managerial: leader job characteristics, leadership ability, expectations of leader performance, and ethical role model). We discuss a potential
limitation of this study and implications for practice and directions for future
research of leader integrity. Keywords: manager ethical leadership; organisation ethical culture; corporate ethics program; ROA; corporate governance reputation; firm performance; listed-firm; stock exchange of Thailand; moderated mediation; conditional indirect effect. DOI: 10.1504/IJBGE.2020.10021790
The Moderated Mediating Effect of Business Ethics towards Firm Performance by Areerat Leelhaphunt, Sid Suntrayuth Abstract: The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship among manager ethical leadership, organisation ethical culture, corporate ethics program and both firm performances: ROA and corporate governance reputation. By exploring the: 1) direct effect; 2) mediating effect; 3) moderated mediating effect or conditional indirect effect, that have influences on firm performances of 84 listed firms on the stock exchange of Thailand, which is represented by 785 participants. For analysis and comparison of the two-level factor structure of the conceptual model, each stage of effect is tested by PROCESS (model 1, 4, and 14), whereas an overall moderated mediating model is tested by structural equation model (SEM). It was found that the
relationship between manager ethical leadership and both firm performances through organisation ethical culture is positive when an organisation implements a strong ethics program. Furthermore, based on estimation, SEM uses maximum likelihood while PROCESS uses ordinary least square regression. It was also found that both estimators provide exactly regression weight, but the statistical inferential tests are slightly different. Thus, this study offers the alternative best-fit estimator for another moderated mediating model testing. Keywords: manager ethical leadership; organisation ethical culture; corporate ethics program; ROA; corporate governance reputation; firm performance; listed-firm; stock exchange of Thailand; moderated mediation; conditional indirect effect. DOI: 10.1504/IJBGE.2020.10021792
Financial Indicators of Corporate Social Responsibility in Nigeria: A Binary Choice Analysis by Pat Obi, Inalegwu Ode-Ichakpa Abstract: Using multivariate binary choice models, this study investigates the effect of financial indicators on the practice of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in Nigeria. The indicators include return on equity, asset size, and revenue growth. Results of both linear probability and logistic models show that return on equity and asset size increase the likelihood of CSR practice. Sales growth has a negative effect. Compared to other metrics, firms with a large asset investment exhibit the highest likelihood of investing in CSR. Non-parametric tests confirm the positive linkage between CSR and asset size. These findings suggest that large firms, irrespective of their financial conditions, are more likely than other firms to invest in social initiatives. An implication for civil society might be to employ moral suasion to encourage financially strong firms, irrespective of size, to embrace CSR as an important means to boost their public image and long run performance. Keywords: corporate social responsibility; CSR; financial performance; binary choice; logistic model; non-parametric tests; Nigeria. DOI: 10.1504/IJBGE.2020.10021860