Forthcoming and Online First Articles
International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management
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International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management (9 papers in press)
Special Issue on: The transformations of the global automotive industry digitalization, ecological transition and the impact of the Covid 19 crisis
Abstract: In this paper we identify the probable penetration of ArtificiaI Intelligence (AI) in the automotive sector and to study its effects on work organisation, employment, and industrial relations systems, in Portugal. These changes are put in place to enhance the product quality, control costs, and improve productivity. We study these implications on productivity and industrial relations collecting new data and obtain results based on secondary statistical analyses and case studies in the automotive industry. Finally, changes in the productivity and labour market will be discussed considering the employment and skills changes in the automotive sector when investment on automation becomes a clear trend in the automotive sector.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence; automotive cluster; cyber-physical systems; automation; Labour relations; Portugal; Productivity.
The transformation of the Slovak and Czech automotive industries: Stakeholders perspectives and barriers towards an ecological mobility industry
by Patrik Gao, Monika Martiková, Thomas S.J. Smith
Abstract: The article identifies and critically discusses barriers for transforming the automotive industry into an ecological mobility industry in Slovakia and Czechia from the point of view of key stakeholders. The focus is on the actors in the transformation process and the obstacles they face in influencing the strategies and direction of such a shift. Furthermore, this study evaluates the structure of the automotive industry in these countries and points out the possible implications for changes in mobility patterns and the future of employment in the broader mobility sector. The exploratory research finds that transforming the Czech and Slovak automotive industries is currently constrained by the path-dependency of public institutions related to private transportation and by foreign ownership of the car companies, making it difficult for local actors to seize the initiative. Moreover, there is a lack of clarity amongst actors about the direction and aim of the mobility industrys transformation.
Keywords: automotive industry; social-ecological transformation; ecological mobility; integrated peripheries; central and Eastern Europe; just transition; mobility industry; Czechia.
Agents and artefacts in the emerging electric vehicle space
by Margherita Russo, Fabrizio Alboni, Giovanni Bonifati, Jorge Carreto Sanginés, Pasquale Pavone, Annamaria Simonazzi
Abstract: After COP 21, the targets for reducing CO2 emissions have boosted the commitment of governments and companies to developing alternative technologies for the mobility of people and goods. Electric vehicles are at the heart of this transformation, which is profoundly affecting the characteristics of agents and artefacts. The aim of the paper is to identify the relevant domains of this transformation, and to identify what characterises the space of the agents and artefacts of the electric vehicle and their interactions, as oriented by the public policies promoted by the various countries. The paper presents the results of a multidimensional textual analysis of the news published in English by electrive.com, a daily newsletter covering a wide range of relevant information on developments in electric transport in Europe and beyond. These results are a preliminary step for the analysis of the social, economic, organisational and technological changes related to sustainable mobility.
Keywords: sustainable mobility; electric vehicle mobility; agents and artefacts space; text analysis; multidimensional clustering.
Towards the factory 4.0? Convergence and divergence of lean models in Italian automotive plants
by Angelo Moro, Maria Enrica Virgillito
Abstract: This paper studies the interplay in terms of techno-organisational change between the adoption of I4.0 technologies and lean production systems. Leveraging on the results of two field-work analyses conducted under a collaboration with the Sabattini Foundation and the metal workers trade union FIOM in the period 2016
Keywords: Industry 4.0; Lean production; Automotive; Work organisation; Technological innovation; Organisational innovation.
Specialised vertical integration: The value-chain strategy of EV lithium-ion battery firms in China
by Xieshu Wang, ZHAO Wei, Joël Ruet
Abstract: China has developed a fully-fledged industrial value chain for electric vehicle (EV) batteries within a short period. Such industrial dynamics are often seen as the product of a policy of protecting infant industries. However, extensive empirical observations from the field show that firms value-chain strategies can also help answer the question of why China is so far the only country to have formed a complete and dynamic value chain for EV batteries so quickly. This paper explores the driving forces behind the emerging Chinese EV lithium-ion battery industry. Based on the analysis of the main moves made by actors along the battery value chain, we identify that many Chinese firms deploy a strategy that we term
Keywords: EV Industry; Lithium-ion Battery; Value Chain; Vertical Integration; Specialisation; China.
by Benedict Seiferlein, Oliver Gernsheimer, Dominik K. Kanbach
Abstract: Corporate incubators are a phenomenon of increasing relevance to elicit business model innovation (BMI) within large firms. They equip talented employees with entrepreneurial competencies (ECs) to identify, build, and pursue new ventures. However, their specific approach in developing ECs conducive to BMI has been understudied so far. Based on an in-depth case study at Audi Denkwerkstatt, one of Germanys most successful corporate incubators in BMI, we investigate how ECs emerge along the incubation process. Specifically, our study suggests four distinct levers facilitating EC development: 1) a dedicated team of venture developers, coaching and guiding the intrapreneurs; 2) friendly internal coopetition among the intrapreneurs, sparking positive tension and higher performance; 3) co-living, nurturing continuous creative exchange, team intimacy, and trust; 4) co-working and early partnering in the start-up ecosystem. Our findings underline the importance of corporate incubators in developing ECs to effectuate BMI in the automotive industry.
Keywords: entrepreneurial competencies; business model innovation; corporate incubator; automotive manufacturers.
Factors for Diffusion of Autonomous Vehicles Technology: Text Mining of Online News
by Joao Paulo Nascimento Silva, Paulo De Oliveira Lima Júnior, André Grützmann, Luiz Guilherme Rodrigues Antunes, Gabriel Pedrosa, Cledison C. Oliveira, Joel Yutaka Sugano
Abstract: Autonomous vehicles technology is in prominent development and is already widespread in the most popular media. Therefore, it is important to understand how this diffusion is happening and how it can impact the development of technology. This study aims to understand which factors contribute to the diffusion of autonomous vehicles (AVs) through primary research sourcing online media data. Based on Rogers (1995), 11,017 online news articles were classified and analysed using software-assisted text mining. Results point to promotion efforts, observability, and relative advantage as the most critical among a cluster list of 28 factors. This study contributes to the literature by identifying and describing the aspects of playing a role in the AV technologies diffusion.
Keywords: autonomous vehicles; diffusion of technology; diffusion factors; text mining.
Special Issue on: Advances in Sustainable Mobility and Automotive Industry in South America
by Fabio Antonialli, Andrea Martinesco, Sylvie Mira-Bonnardel
Abstract: With the growing interest in smart cities and autonomous mobility, policymakers, citizens, and the automotive industry face a looming shift towards intelligent mobility solutions. By filling a gap of transversal analysis among artificial intelligence (AI), the automotive industry, and urban mobility; the present study discusses how AI has been transforming both the automotive industry and urban mobility globally. By applying a qualitative and descriptive approach, data were collected from primary and secondary sources and analysed from the standpoint of technology, regulations (public policies), and citizens (users). The results show how AI is bringing the traditional automotive industry and the urban mobility sector closer through mobility-as-a-service schemes and illustrate with the city of Curitiba (Brazil) how such AI-enabled technological advances linked with public policies can help design sustainable urban mobility in developing countries.
Keywords: artificial intelligence; urban mobility; mobility-as-a-service; MaaS; automotive industry; technological innovation; public policies; citizens behaviour transformation.
The transition to electric mobility: opportunities for the automotive value chain in Argentina
by Federico Dulcich, Fernando Porta, Matias Ubogui, Gustavo Baruj
Abstract: The current transition from internal combustion engine vehicles to electric vehicles opens windows of opportunity for the repositioning of firms and countries in global and regional automotive value chains. The objective of this paper is to study these opportunities posed for the automotive chain in Argentina. The main results show that Argentina lags behind in the production and diffusion of electric vehicles and has a low deployment of the charging infrastructure. However, this transition would be an opportunity for Argentina to reposition itself in the regional automotive value chains; and its growing specialisation in pickups could position it in the nascent electric pickup market, without large, consolidated players. At the same time, there are opportunities to increase the national integration of parts and components of the electric powertrain and reduce the high incidence of imports of auto parts.
Keywords: electric vehicles; electric mobility; automotive industry; auto parts industry; industrial policy; trade policy; Argentina.