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Forthcoming and Online First Articles
International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management
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International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management (4 papers in press)
Incumbent firms offering digital services: insights and lessons learned from the automotive industry by Micha Bosler Abstract: Regarding the current transformation within the automotive industry, connectivity is one of the major drivers. Meanwhile, incumbent OEMs have several years of experience in offering connected car services. Based on a multiple-case study of four incumbent automobile manufacturers, this article addresses the research question of what challenges occurred due to the introduction of digital services and how the firms responded to them. The findings are linked to one main explanatory approach. Due to their lack of experience in digital business, the OEMs tended to apply established principles from their core business. However, most of these dominant logics are unsuitable in the digital field, which explains the difficulties that arise and leads to important lessons learned. Agile methods, customer centricity, updatable platforms, more in-house development and value co-creation with partners were identified as changes in the way how the incumbent firms deploy and allocate resources. Keywords: Connected Car Services; Digital Services; Incumbent Firms; Connectivity; Automotive Industry; Digital Transformation.
Digital Transformation in the Global Automotive Industry by Stefan Sommer, Heike Proff, Harald Proff Abstract: In the automotive industry, digitalisation is causing discontinuous and thus often disruptive changes that are driving changes in companies traditional processes, products/services and business models. However, research has not yet adequately examined the extent of the digital transformation in the automotive industry and options for accelerating it. In this study, an index of digital maturity is theoretically deduced to measure digitalisation in order to examine 167 global automotive companies. The results indicate that digital transformation is primarily a strategic transformation. However, it frequently fails to make proper progress because larger companies have complex structures, often assembled through cooperative ventures and acquisitions, and organisational units test isolated, mostly unconnected pilot applications of digital technologies in processes, products/services and business models at many points in the organisation. Therefore, responding to digital disruption in the automotive industry is a comprehensive transformational task. Keywords: digital transformation; digitalisation; digital technologies; maturity index; automotive industry; dynamic capabilities; ordinary capabilities. DOI: 10.1504/IJATM.2021.10040549
Special Issue on: The North American Auto Sector from NAFTA to USMCA The Road Ahead
Trade Agreements and the Geography of Motor Vehicle Production in North America and Europe by Thomas Klier, James Rubenstein Abstract: This paper describes changes in the geography of the production of vehicles and sourcing of powertrains in both North America and Europe between 2000 and 2016. During that time period, new trade agreements in both regions resulted in larger economic geographies within which vehicle and parts producers could organize production. We show that as trade relationships encompassed larger geographies, powertrain sourcing and vehicle assembly diffused across countries within each region. At the same time, trade agreements did not alter the traditional forces effecting regional integration patterns within the industry, rather they changed their geographical reach.rn Keywords: Europe, North America, vehicle production, engine, transmission, trade agreements, geography
Emerging Models of Networked Industrial Policy: Recent Trends in Automotive Policy in the US and Germany by Elena Goracinova, Patrick Galvin, David A. Wolfe Abstract: The adoption of the USMCA (the United States-Mexico-Canada) trade agreement and the transition to electric and autonomous vehicles has created uncertainty for automotive companies. In response, the need for government efforts to position traditional automotive regions as a source of high-quality, green vehicles is pressing. The policy mix is changing rapidly as the public sector and firms cope with the challenges associated with new trade confrontations and disruptive technologies. The article captures this evolving policy landscape through a comparative analysis of automotive policy with respect to BEVs in the US and Germany. It examines how innovation policies help the sector navigate the current technological transition. We find that theories grounded in traditional comparative political science do not provide an adequate framework to explain the observed similarities and differences in policy trajectories in the two countries. The article adopts insights from the networked industrial policy perspective to better understand the repertoire of policy instruments adopted to manage the changing impact of alternative energy technologies in the automotive industry. Keywords: automotive; electrification; US; Germany; comparative politics; technological transformation.