Forthcoming and Online First Articles

International Journal of Agile Systems and Management

International Journal of Agile Systems and Management (IJASM)

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International Journal of Agile Systems and Management (14 papers in press)

Regular Issues

  • Success and Barrier Factors in Agile Transformation   Order a copy of this article
    by Frederico Batista, Leandro Pereira, Renato Costa 
    Abstract: Agile Methods have become an appealing way of working for organizations focused on improving their performance and matching their customers needs. Agile Methods were originally created to be used by small and independent teams, which leads to complex challenges when implemented in Large-Scale. The purpose of this study is to fill the gap in the scientific literature on Large-Scale Agile Transformations. A feedback from 294 Agile Experts was collected through a survey strategy. Parametric techniques were used to rank and explain the most relevant factors as success and barriers for agile transformations in Large-Scale.
    Keywords: Agile Methods; Agile Transformation; Large-Scale Agile.

  • COVID-19 and its impact on supply chain financing and the role of Islamic Fintech: Evidence from GCC countries   Order a copy of this article
    by Mustafa Raza Rabbani 
    Abstract: The present study analyses the COVID-19 situation in 5 GCC countries namely, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman and Kuwait and its impact on supply chain financing. All these oil rich countries are already severely affected by this pandemic and have taken several measures to control the spread of the virus from lockdown to social distancing and consequently resulted into the massive disruption in the supply chain financing. The study uses discourse analysis to analyze the COVID-19 situation in these countries and concludes that there is a need to design a long-term strategy with the increased role of financial technology (Fintech) that includes every section of the society in post COVID-19 measures. The study also proposes a sharia compliant Islamic Fintech model for supply chain financing to help in recovery post COVID-19 pandemic.
    Keywords: COVID 19; Islamic Finance; Fintech; economic policy; stimulus package; Supply chain finance; GCC;.

  • On The Sprint Length Estimation Technique in Agile Software Development Using Planning Poker   Order a copy of this article
    by Sarika Sharma, Deepak Kumar, M.E. Fayad 
    Abstract: Abstract: The recent literature trend has highlighted the existing method for deciding the length of sprint in agile software development acts as a limitation for agile practitioners and researchers. It prevents them from driving benefit from existing theme and semantic release planning methods. Since, most of the existing theme and semantic releases planning method arernbroadly user story clustering method where user-stories having common themes or semantics are clustered together. Hence, making it difficult for agile practitioners and researchers to deliver a set of user-stories having common theme or semantic as a unit through a sprint whose length is randomly chosen and is constant for all the sprints in a project. Therefore, this research paper suggests planning poker for estimating the length of sprint to accommodate and deliver a release scope derived using theme or semantic based release planning method as a unit. To perform the research study, a theme based release is taken into consideration and an agile team is set-up to deliver half of the sprint using traditional approach and another halfrnusing proposed approach. The output from the proposed method is then compared to the traditional approach using balanced relative error (BRE) calculation method and the standard agile metrics. The planning poker estimates for proposed (median BREbias = ?0.1154 , BRE = 0.2154) and traditional approach (median BREbias = ?0.1169, median BRE = 0.2267) were found almost consistent. An overall saving of approximately 30% saving in sprint planning time was observed for proposed approach over traditional approach. Also, The stakeholder satisfaction and agile team experience were also reported as excellent when working on the proposed approach in comparison to traditional approach.
    Keywords: Software Engineering;rn Agile Methodology;rn Sprint; Estimation; Planning Poker.

  • Gamification for Agile: A Systematic Literature Review   Order a copy of this article
    by Rita Marques, Miguel Mira Da Silva, Daniel Gonçalves 
    Abstract: Gamification has been applied in software engineering, particularly to motivate software engineers to adopt agile techniques. This study assesses the state of the art regarding the use of gamification in agile projects, namely regarding these studiescharacteristics; their impact on the projects; and the challenges encountered. rnA systematic literature review method was followed by searching relevant digital libraries for peer-reviewed papers and dissertations on the topic. rnOverall, 225 papers were found and 12 were selected as primary papers. Most of these studies focused on the Scrum framework, and the completion of stories/tasks was the agile practice that was subject to gamification more times. While the impact of gamification initiatives was positive, these studies lacked a proper empirical validation of the proposed solutions. Moreover, the challenges faced are scarcely discussed. rnDespite the novelty of this field, there seems to be potential in the use of gamification to improve agile projects.
    Keywords: Gamification; agile; agile management; agile projects; agile practices; Scrum; systematic literature review; software engineering; software engineers; motivation.

  • Social Media Users Perspectives on the Supply Chain: Positivity amongst Negativity During COVID-19 Panic Buying in Australia   Order a copy of this article
    by Violetta Wilk, Saiyidi Mat Roni, Ferry Jie 
    Abstract: This study explored Australian social media users perspectives on the supply chain disruption during the COVID-19 crisis. It examined user-generated content (UGC) through the lens of Social Network Theory and Drive Theory. We harvested 91,105 publicly available Twitter posts originating in Australia, from February 2020 to April 2020, that contained #coronavirus (hashtag) and supply (keyword). The big data were analysed with Leximancer, which enabled text-mining and data visualisation. Supply chain concerns were dominant in UGC about supply during the pandemic. Interestingly, social media users were also able to identify positivity during the crisis, and presented rationales and justifications, along with defence and solutions to supply chain disruption. Supply Chain Management (SCM) organisations should work with social media users who are able to steer the online narrative and, as a result, foster positivity, deter panic and negativity during a crisis.
    Keywords: COVID-19; crisis; supply chain; disruption; social media; big data; social network; Leximancer.

  • Prioritization of Green Agile Workforce Enablers from the Perspective of Sustainable Agile Supply Chain Using DANP   Order a copy of this article
    by Somaieh Alavi 
    Abstract: Achieving agility and supply chain sustainability requires trained human resources who not only have agility but also are green. The present study aims to prioritize the green agile workforce activities based on the agile and sustainable supply chain. After an in-depth review of the research literature, the components of the agile supply chain and sustainable supply chain were identified, green agile workforce and its enablers were introduced and categorized. Green agile workforce enablers were classified into three main categories: green leadership, green knowledge and skill, and green environment. Finally, using DEMATEL, the communication network among the components was identified and the enablers of the green agile workforce were prioritized by Fuzzy Analytic Network Possess (FANP). The results of FANP showed that among green agile workforce enablers, green leadership, green knowledge, and skill, and green work environment were ranked first to third, respectively.
    Keywords: Agile Supply chain; Sustainable Supply chain; Green Agile Workforce.

  • Agile Applications of Artificial Intelligence to Apparel Industry   Order a copy of this article
    by Rui Gonçalves, Renato Lopes Da Costa, Leandro Ferreira Pereira, Álvaro Dias, Rui Vinhas Da Silva, Natália Teixeira 
    Abstract: Artificial intelligence systems are increasing its importance in the field of creating value for companies who seek to gain competitive advantage. This is especially true for the online shopping apparel world, in the case of virtual try-on systems. Following this line of thought the theme consumers acceptance of artificial intelligence virtual try-on systems when shopping online apparel came up as a research problem. In this sense this investigation intendeds to study the acceptance by consumers of the virtual try-on artificial systems when buying apparel online according to specific variables previously defined. To assess this, a quantitative approach was used, based on the structural equations model, the partial least squares technique. This research allowed the creation of a new model based on technology acceptance model by including new variables and revealed that the influence of predictive variables on the dependent variable (ATU) is not the same.
    Keywords: consumer behaviour; artificial intelligence; agile applications; virtual try-on; VTO; technology acceptance model; TAM.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJASM.2021.10043550
  • Improving crane routes in automated container terminals: A complex network approach   Order a copy of this article
    by Iñigo L. Ansorena 
    Abstract: The storage yard plays a key role in automated container terminals. This paper aims to shed new light on the planning of yard operations through the use of graph theory. Although complex graphs can be a very useful tool for planning yard operations, previous research has not addressed this issue yet. Given a theoretical representation of the storage yard as a small world model (Kleinbergs model), it is proposed a two-step method to improve crane routes on the yard. In the first step, a cluster detection technique is used to reveal the well-connected groups of nodes (ground slots). In the second step the crucial transition nodes between the groups are determined (bridge nodes). This study suggests that the terminal could gain efficiency in the long term by focusing on groups and bridge nodes.
    Keywords: clusters; bridge nodes; Kleinberg model; automated terminals; yard routes; small world; operations control; transferring containers; storage yard; automated terminal; complex graph.

  • Research Agenda for Supply Chain Management 4.0   Order a copy of this article
    by Ferry Jie, Susan Standing, Naeem Janjua, Ahmed Ibrahim, Craig Standing 
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to conduct a systematic review of the supply chain management 4.0 literature in the principal logistics and supply chain management journals, across a five - year time frame. rnThe selected journal articles are categorised on the basis of an analytical framework that contains keywords related to supply chain management and Industry 4.0.rnThe systematic literature review indicates that supply chain issues from an industry 4.0 perspective are under-researched. Many technical issues are unexplained, and broader methodological factors as well as how the process can be managed in organisations are major gaps in the literature.rnBased on the literature review we argue that supply chain researchers need to understand the major developments taking place linked to Industry 4.0 and engage in research that fills the gaps. rn
    Keywords: Industry 4.0; supply chain: innovation; cybersecurity.

  • Extended Reality Prototyping for Transdisciplinary Collaboration in Product Development   Order a copy of this article
    by Lucas Küntzer, Thomas Nather, Markus Krost, Timo Zenner, Georg Rock 
    Abstract: Product developers and manufacturers are constantly looking for methods and technologies to make their processes more efficient and their activities more effective. The recent increase in accessibility of Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality technology has made them attractive for exploration and validation activities in small teams. This paper gives an overview of Extended Reality prototyping in agile product development and presents the challenges regarding its integration into established processes at the example of two case studies. Based on experience, solutions to common problems with the integration of these technologies are proposed. The paper describes best practices to be implemented for Extended Reality prototyping to become a valuable and accepted method for transdisciplinary collaboration and communication.
    Keywords: extended reality; virtual reality; augmented reality; extended reality prototyping; prototyping; transdisciplinary collaboration; product development; manufacturing industry; transdisciplinary communication; validation; exploration; user experience; accessibility; process integration;.

  • The Adaptability of Tourism and Hospitality Supply Chain Management to Manage Covid 19 Crisis: Bangladesh Perspective   Order a copy of this article
    by Santus Kumar Deb, Bapon Chandra Kuri, Hiran Roy, Biplab Roy, Shohel Md. Nafi 
    Abstract: The study aims to scrutinise the impact of COVID-19 crisis on supply chain of tourism and hospitality sector and provide guidelines to cope with similar types of crisis in future. To fulfil the aim, a qualitative research approach has been adapted where date was derived through focus group discussion which consisted of the academic expertise, and industry specialists who have the raw knowledge regarding the facts of COVID-19 that have influence on Tourism and Hospitality Supply chain. The results suggest that current situation is very vulnerable for tourism and hospitality industry and some of the major impacts are skilled staffs of the industry are changing their job and shifting to other industries, stakeholders are losing their revenues, price of the raw materials of food and beverage industry is increasing, airlines are losing their passengers and stopping their flights and tour operators and travel agencies fall short in selling their tour packages.
    Keywords: bio-bubble; COVID-19; incentives; tourism supply chain; and vaccination.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJASM.2023.10049420
  • The Role of GSCM and GHRM Practices on Green Innovation in Indonesian Real Estate Environmental Performance   Order a copy of this article
    by Fien Dzulfikarijah, Tsabita Khwarazmita, Ilyas Masudin, Muhammad Jihadi, Rohmat Dwi Jatmiko, Nazaruddin Malik 
    Abstract: This study aims to determine the direct effect of green supply chain management (GSCM), green human resource management (GHRM), and green innovation on environmental performance. In addition, this study also investigates the effect of GSCM practices and human resource management on green innovation. The sample number in this study was 100 respondents consisting of owners or managers of real estate companies in Indonesia using a random sampling method. The data is processed using SmartPLS 3.0. The results show that GSCM and GHRM affect green innovation. Furthermore, GSCM, GHRM, and green innovation affect environmental performance.
    Keywords: green supply chain; green human resources; environmental performance; green innovation; environmental sustainability; customer cooperation; investment recovery; green distribution.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJASM.2023.10052276
    by Dian Palupi Restuputri, Yassierli Yassierli, Ilyas Masudin, Nazaruddin Malik, Evan Lau 
    Abstract: Researchers have been continuing to investigate sundry issues of organisational ambidexterity, particularly in the supply chain context. Organisational ambidexterity aims to help companies react successfully to the emergence of new competitors, the development of new technologies that change the industry, or sudden changes in overall market conditions. We reviewed papers on organisational ambidexterity in the supply chain literature 20122021 to define the problems, approaches, solutions, models, and projection. We collected published papers about supply chain organisational ambidexterity and decided on 34 to collect the data. Through graphical analysis and systematic classification, four main clusters regarding organisational ambidexterity in the supply chain have been identified as the most promising and potential future research opportunities. Our findings showed the broad knowledge to understand the main clusters of research steps in reasonable development ideas. With this insight, researchers and practitioners will soon design highly relevant and meaningful initiatives.
    Keywords: ambidexterity; flexibility; organisation; supply chain; bibliometric.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJASM.2023.10052462

Special Issue on: Barriers in Global Supply Chain Among Uncertainty, Pandemic, and Recession Financial, Diversity and Structural Issues

  • The role of tourism supply chain management in developing informal empowerment of rural communities in Bangladesh   Order a copy of this article
    by Md. Abdul Alim, Rudrendu Ray, Md. Hafijur Rahman, Md. Julhaz Hossain, Rubaiyat Shabbir, M.A. Rashed Kabir 
    Abstract: Tourism supply chain management (TSCM) plays a crucial role in developing rural communities. TSCM is considered to be one of the essential pillars for developing informal empowerment of rural communities. Therefore, this study investigates on how TSCM informally empowers rural communities, and in this regard, social exchange theory (SET) was employed as the foundation of the study. A qualitative research approach was carried out and a series of in-depth interviews was conducted to collect data. The collected data was analysed using NVivo software. The study yielded mixed findings which indicated that the informal empowerment of the economic, socio-cultural, infrastructural, and educational aspects of rural communities had been meaningfully enhanced through TSCM, while environmental empowerment was found as less experienced. The implications of these findings expect to contribute substantially to this field of study. Finally, limitations and future research directions are also discoursed.
    Keywords: Tourism Supply Chain Management; Informal Empowerment; Rural Community; Bangladesh.