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Samson H. Chowdhury: A true entrepreneurial leader for Square group by Md. Rahat Khan Abstract: Samson H. Chowdhury along with his three friends was the founder of Square group in 1958. Mr. Samson was a true entrepreneurial leader and an idol for the south Asian entrepreneur. The current study was based on Samsons leadership in Square group. The study critically analyzed Samsons leadership styles for Square. The study also examined the performance trends of few ventures under Square group along with few comments regarding leadership of Samson Chowdhury. Finally the study unearthed the entrepreneurial process and strategic steps of Samson. The study believes the findings will be a guideline for the entrepreneur of the century. Keywords: Entrepreneurial Leadership; Strategic steps; Square Group; Bangladesh.
Leadership and Decision-Making Style for Airline Crisis Management in Emerging Markets by Mazen Bekdash Abstract: We are living in a world that is witnessing an increasing number of threats and risks to lives. These threats and risks negatively affect all aspects of the safe and secure well-being of humans. Threats and risks could lead to harsh crisis at any time, and this cannot be truer than in the aviation industry, which is the context of this study. The study will focus on airline crisis (and crisis management) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), also referenced as emerging markets in this study, while focusing on how leaders behave in normal non-crisis versus crisis situations. Behaviour in this study is observed by exploring how leaders make decisions in the aviation sector, at airlines, operating out of the MENA region, and what is required to be an effective crisis leader during crisis situations. The study uses the Delphi Technique to acquire responses from a wide range of experts participating in a renowned crisis event in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during November 2017, with the purpose of identifying the most effective leadership and decision-making style for airline crisis management in emerging markets. It is worth noting that the researcher has experience of, and currently works in, the crisis management and safety fields. The contribution of the study is expected to enhance crisis management practices and support professional crisis management studies in the aviation sector, which is becoming a necessity for the mitigation of future risks. Keywords: Crisis management; crisis leadership; decision-making; emerging markets; airlines.
The efficiency of differentiation through Learning styles and strategies to develop language productive skills by Najib Najjar Abstract: Most professors realize that students receive and process information in different ways. The notion of closing the gap between the way teachers teach and the way students learn is absolutely recognized as mandatory. Differentiation appeared as an approach to teaching in which educators actively plan for students' differences so that all students can best learn. Some believe differentiating instruction for different learning styles is a waste of time and money while others have a different perspective. This article will mention studies which used both quantitative and qualitative methods to gather and analyze information. Besides tracking the deficiencies of the differentiation theory and the feasibility of its application, this presentation will discuss the bulk of many studies and the most recent research experiments which emphasized on where and how differentiated instruction could play a very positive role in efficiently producing the English Language, in a Language class at a higher education institution. The studies revealed that if differentiation is done through integrating learning styles and teaching strategies, students will show higher standards of producing the language at higher institutions. Faculties should invest in oriented differentiation to help improve the level of language production and comprehension. Keywords: Learning Styles; Auditory; Visual; Kinesthetic/Tactile; Teaching/Learning Process; differentiation; Effective methods and strategies.
Identification and evaluation of competency model for port city managers to achieve organizational effectiveness by Reihaneh Alsadat Tabaeeian, Milad Fahimi Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify a model that explores the managerial competencies required for organizational effectiveness in port cities. Drawing from qualitative and quantitative research methods, the competency model was analyzed and tested. The results of the statistical test showed that all of the six competency domains specified have a significant impact on organizational effectiveness. Problem solving and management by objectives had the highest and lowest scores respectively, and the highest correlation at the level of individual success was shown to be between professional ethics and systems thinking. This research has value for the development of managerial competency and suggests ways in which port managers can enhance the quality of their work. Keywords: Human Resource Development; Performance Management; Systems Thinking; Management Effectiveness; Management Competencies.
The investigation of effective factors on employee motivation: a case study by Abdollah Babaeinesami Abstract: Motivation has an important role in achieving high performance in human resources development in each organization. The present research discusses effective factors on the motivation of staffs in Pazargad non-industrial company. This research is a descriptive analytic study. The population is the staff of Pazargad company,190 persons. By Cochran formula, 120 persons were sampled randomly. The questionnaire includes 20 questions that are divided in three categories, materialistic factors, spiritual factors and materialistic-spiritual factors. The questionnaire is confirmed in terms of content validity and its stability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha coefficient, .857, that represents the internal matching of the questions. The statistical analysis revealed that, based on priority on the motivation of staffs and the research results in materialistic dimension, paying the advantages, achieving the necessities of life and the expectation of financial reward, respectively, had the most effect on the staffs motivation increase. Keywords: Staff; Motivation; Human resource; Materialistic-spiritual factors; Pazargad Company.
Does government debt affect private investment? by Emmanuel Korsah, Prince Gyimah Abstract: This paper examines the nexus between government debt and private investment in developing market, Ghana. Specifically, we examine the link between external debt, gross domestic product (GDP), net tax, inflation, domestic credit, exchange rate, interest rate, and constitutional government on private investment. We use time series data ranging from the period of 1975 to 2014. Augmented Dickey Fuller Test, Vector Error Correction Model, and Granger Causality are used to test co-integration, long run relationships and the short run relationships, respectively. We find that external debt, domestic credit and constitutional government are positively linked to private investment. GDP, net taxes, inflation, exchange rate, and interest rate are negatively related to private investment in the long run. Our contribution is that external debt crowds in private investment in the long run in the developing country perspective Keywords: Government debt; private investment; developing country; Augmented Dickey Fuller Test; Vector Error Correction Model; Granger Causality; Ghana.