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Title: The impact of organisational culture and person-organisation fit on job satisfaction and organisational commitment in China and the USA

Authors: Charlotte Shelton, Myles Gartland, Martin Stack

Addresses: 1901 NW Blue Parkway, Unity Village, MO 64065-0001, USA. ' Helzberg School of Management, Rockhurst University, 1100 Rockhurst Road, Kansas City, MO 64110-2561, USA; Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12 80-233, Gdansk, Poland. ' Helzberg School of Management, Rockhurst University, 1100 Rockhurst Road, Kansas City, MO 64110-2561, USA

Abstract: This study investigated the impact of organisational culture and person-organisation fit on job satisfaction and organisational commitment using data collected from 1,838 employees in 129 US and 111 Chinese firms. We hypothesised that: 1) there is a significant relationship between perceived organisational culture and work attitudes; 2) there is a significant gap between practices (perceived culture) and values (preferred culture); 3) job satisfaction and commitment are inversely related to the size of the perceived/preferred gap (P-O fit); 4) P-O fit is a stronger predictor of job satisfaction and organisational commitment than country; 5) perceived culture is a stronger predictor of job satisfaction and organisational commitment than either country or P-O fit. Three of these five hypotheses were fully supported, two were partially supported; however little evidence was found to support the value of P-O fit as a strong predictor of work attitudes. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords: organisational commitment; job satisfaction; organisational culture inventory; person-organisation fit; P-O fit; work attitudes; China; USA; United States; employee attitudes; work practices; perceived culture; work values; preferred culture.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMD.2011.039952

International Journal of Management Development, 2011 Vol.1 No.1, pp.15 - 39

Available online: 08 May 2011 *

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