Title: Innovation, what innovation? A comparison between product, process and organisational innovation

Authors: Harry Boer, Willem E. During

Addresses: Aalborg University Centre for Industrial Production, Fibigerstraede, 16, 920 Aalborg, Denmark. Aalborg University Centre for Industrial Production, Fibigerstraede, 16, 920 Aalborg, Denmark

Abstract: This article compares and contrasts three types of innovations, namely, product innovation, process innovation and organisational innovation. From similarities and differences between these three types, implications for the theory and practice of innovation management are inferred. Most of these implications seem to be generic, i.e. generally applicable whatever the type of innovation and organisation involved. Surprisingly few implications are contingent in that they are linked to the characteristics of the innovation involved.

Keywords: innovation; process model; innovation roles; organisational arrangements; contingencies.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.2001.002956

International Journal of Technology Management, 2001 Vol.22 No.1/2/3, pp.83-107

Available online: 08 Jul 2003 *

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