World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (11 papers in press)
The impact of cargo monitoring systems usage on intermodal transport risk and costs
by Augustyn Lorenc, Małgorzata Kuźnar
Abstract: Ensuring the lowest transport costs while maintaining the safety of the cargo at the highest level is a priority in intermodal transport. Systems capable of controlling the parameters of freight may effect on the reduction of risk for each elements of the supply chain. Risk identification on each link of supply chain allows to take an actions in order to reduce costs, which is essential to the effective functioning of the company and increasing the level of customer service. This article present a variant cost and risk analysis for two types of cargo monitoring systems in comparison to the transport process executed without any type of support system.
Keywords: intermodal transport; containers; positioning systems; localization monitoring; cargo parameters monitoring; analysis of risk and costs; risk identification; risk appearance in transport chain; intermodal transport risk and costs; cargo location monitoring.
Intermodal Transportation of Modular Structure Units
by Zhiyuan Liu, Ziyuan Gu, Yu Bai, Ning Zhong
Abstract: With the rapid development of international cooperation in the construction industry, modular construction has been widely promoted in recent years especially for apartments, social housing and schools. This paper aims to address the intermodal transportation plan for modular structure units (MSUs). An overview of MSUs is provided followed by a discussion on different transportation modes. To prevent damages to modules, containers are typically used for maritime shipping. Comparative results show that the 12.1 m (40 ft) hi-cube container is most suited for transporting MSUs. With containerization, an optimal urban transportation plan is proposed consisting of four major steps: identifying the feasible transportation network, establishing the transport cost function, solving the K-shortest paths problem, and assigning MSUs using the logit model.
Keywords: modular construction; logistics; container transportation; intermodal transportation; op-timal transportation plan.
Intermodal Transportation and CO2 emissions: a review, assessment and a case study
by E.L. Hassan LAAZIZ
Abstract: Environmental issues have taken considerable importance with regard to the hazards and risks that threaten life on the planet as well as the economy. Transport and logistics, have experienced the last two decades an important development both in term of infrastructure and in terms of services planning and optimization. One of the major transportation challenges, in addition to cost and the service quality, is its impact on the environment and social costs, because the activity is still largely based on road mode. Alternatives to road mode transportation are not lacking, but are still struggling with levels of optimization and sophistication. The contributions in this area are dedicated to green and ecological models at strategic design level towards economic optimization models. In contrast, there are comparatively fewer contributions at tactical level aiming at both economic and environment efficiency, when infrastructures are already designed and committed.
The objective of this article is to establish a literature review of optimization models for intermodal transportation systems at tactical level of decision, taking into account ecological issues. We focus on those which emphasized the intermodalism with or without stressing CO2 emissions objectives. We found that a large panel of these existing optimization models has a potential impact in term of CO2 emissions reduction even if this is not stated as premium objective of the models. Assumptions and hypothesis of these models are sustainability based and could enrich their reformulation by translating CO2 emissions reduction into monetary terms.
Keywords: Sustainable; logistics; transportation; CO2 emissions; network design.
PILOTS PERCEPTIONS OF JUSTICE AND JOB IDENTIFICATION
by Robert A. Goehlich, Ralf Bebenroth
Abstract: This article sheds light on pilots' perceptions of justice and their job identification. The research investigates pilots' perceptions of the fairness with which they are treated, how these perceptions might influence their identification with their jobs and whether this identification influences operational safety. The methodological approach integrates the pilot-organisational behavioural model introduced in this research into two commonly known models of the human factor in aviation: the 'Software-Hardware-Environment-Liveware (pilot)-Liveware (team) ' - or SHELL - model and the 'Swiss cheese' model. The article includes an outline regarding aviation safety and recommendations for applying our approach to other transportation industries.
Keywords: aviation pilot; justice perception; job identification; SHELL model; Swiss Cheese model; human factors.
Cargo on the Sixth Mode: Overview of Satellite Industry and Its Trends
by Farshid Azadian
Abstract: This paper examines the satellite industry and its subsectors as one of the key commodities transported on the sixth mode of transportation. This industry has a significant role in the commercial aerospace industry. We review the trends of the industry in the 21st century and provide a model for estimating the future economic state of the global satellite industry.
Keywords: Commercial space; Satellite industry; Economic trends.
Including spaceflight in the transportation matrix: The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
by Diane Howard
Abstract: The role of spaceflight is evolving. Innovative systems insert an increasing number of assets into orbital slots for the private and public sectors. Private space transportation systems currently transport cargo to the International Space Station. Private operators will soon be transporting people as well. Despite these strides forward, space transportation is only now gaining traction as the sixth mode. The paper provides policy support for this position, frames the inquiry as to spaceflights relationship to other modes of transportation, performs a plurality analysis, and discusses the feasibility of applying some basic logistics research to help manage these intermodal relationships.
Keywords: Spaceflight; spaceports; synchromodal; pluralism.
Sustainable logistics and supply chain management: A holistic view through the lens of the wicked problem
by Dawn Russell, David Swanson, Magnus Blinge
Abstract: This study takes a holistic perspective of sustainable logistics and supply chain management (SLSCM), exploring the interdependencies among sustainability, financial strength and customer performance in logistics and supply chain management. Firms often struggle to understand when sustainable performance is improving and most importantly, what it costs them in terms of financial and customer performance. The theoretical lens of the wicked problem provides a framework to understand why sustainability performance shows mixed results. Hypotheses that investigate aggregate-level links between sustainable practices of global companies are tested with regression analysis and firm-level data from three widely used databases. Efforts to improve SLSCM can have a positive impact on performance; however, it comes at a price. For example, we find that firms that achieve the highest sustainability recognition have a lower return on assets (ROA), and that a leadership position in sustainability performance requires resources and a long-term view of return on investment.
Keywords: Logistics; Supply Chain Management; Sustainability; Wicked Problem; Dow Jones; Green Brands; Return on Assets; Stakeholders.
Improving the Quality of Service in Public Road Transportation using Real Time Travel Information System
by AKANDE Noah Oluwatobi, Arulogun Oladiran Tayo, Ganiyu Rafiu Adesina, Adeyemo Isiaka Akinkunmi
Abstract: The impact of road public transport in urban transportation system cannot be ignored however the quality of services they provide is not high enough. This has made it unattractive to prospective customers and less competitive to private transport. Also, long waiting time experienced by passengers at bus stops and uncertainty in bus arrival time has greatly reduced public transport ridership. One of the ways of resolving these challenges with a view to increasing the quality of service provided by public transport is the provision of platforms that gives prospective users access to travel information in real time. Therefore, this paper implements an artificial neural network based bus arrival time prediction model and further developed web, mobile and short messaging service travel information platforms that provides travel information to prospective users in real time. The accuracy of the prediction model was evaluated using mean absolute error and mean absolute percentage error while the performance and the impact of the developed platforms were assessed from users perspective through a survey based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model. Results obtained further established the accuracy of the prediction model while the performance of the developed platforms was rated high by its users.
Keywords: arrival time prediction; public transport; quality of service; real time travel information.
Special Issue on: Advances in Transportation and Logistics
Simulation-based analysis of demand variability in supply chain
by Tomasz Wiśniewski, Agnieszka Matuszczak
Abstract: Demand variability is one of the key issues in the management of today supply chains. This article examine problem of uncertainty in the supply chains caused by demand variability. Computer simulation is proposed to model the supply chain of the fertilizer industry in conditions of uncertainty. The aim of the investigations is twofold: firstly to understand some of the underlying structures and factors which are generated from demand uncertainty and have impact on fluctuations through the supply chain; secondly to present the efficiency of using simulation modelling of the complex system, like supply chain, with uncertain environments.
Keywords: supply chain; computer simulation; demand variability; fertilizer industry;.
Monitoring, measurement and statistical analysis (MMSA) based methodology for improving city logistics of shopping malls in Budapest
by Balint Meszaros, David Sardi, Krisztian Bona
Abstract: Urban freight transport poses significant problems in cities around the world: trucks play a major role in congestion, environmental and noise pollution and damage the roads. Shopping centres are problematic in particular as they concentrate a large number of retail stores in a relatively small space. There are 18 shopping malls in Budapest alone, each containing 180 stores on average, therefore there is great potential in streamlining their deliveries. The most effective solution is a cooperative city-logistics system, a freight consolidation scheme. Goods would be shipped to consolidation centres located on the periphery of the city and forwarded from there to shopping centres in a coordinated manner by using eco-friendly vehicles. However, there is a shortage of available data regarding the logistical operations and freight quantities of shopping malls, therefore prior to creating such a consolidation scheme, it is inescapable to develop a methodology by which the logistical characteristics of any shopping centre can be obtained. After testing our methodology on one of Budapests shopping centres, Allee we concluded that it is capable of serving as the basis of such systems. This paper presents the development and structure of this methodology as well as the data we have gathered after applying it to two of Budapests shopping centres.
Keywords: city logistics; consolidation scheme; shopping mall; shopping centre; urban freight distribution; methodology; research; environment; green logistics; Budapest; results; data; efficiency; emission reduction; optimization; freight transport.
Special Issue on: The Sixth Mode of Transportation Space
Public-private partnerships in transportation: Lessons learned for the new space era
by Janet Tinoco
Abstract: Entrepreneurial firms in the space sector have accomplished unimaginable feats unheard of just 20 years ago, such as reusable rockets and cargo launches to the International Space Station (ISS). Clearly, the private sector will continue to be a significant participant in the future of the space industry, partnering with governments and nations, to accomplish more with less. Likewise, the public sector must cope with decreased funding and worthy space objectives while balancing cost, risk, and return. Partnering with private enterprise is the best solution to meeting mandated objectives in space program advancement. This paper addresses partnerships in real property assets from the lens of the public sector, particularly with respect to spaceports. Data were collected on public-private partnerships (PPPs) and public-public partnerships (PuPs) in regulated transportation industries from years 1985 through 2014. As these arrangements were analyzed, clear themes emerged that have implications for the new space environment.
Keywords: partnership; space; PPP; PuP; transportation; real property; private; public; government; risk; infrastructure; spaceport.