Latin American J. of Management for Sustainable Development (11 papers in press)
DIMENSIONS OF BRAZIL'S IMAGE: RELATIONS WITH COUNTRY CONATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
by Janaina De Moura Engracia Giraldi, Jorge Henrique Caldeira De Oliveira
Abstract: This paper investigated the relationship between the dimensions of Brazils image and the specific conations related to that country: traveling, doing businesses, investing, working in the country, the willingness for either buying products made in the country and shopping in the country. The research was descriptive and quantitative, with cross-sectional method for data collection among a group of European consumers. Data analysis involved exploratory factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. The cognitive dimension was composed of: Technical, Political and Sustainability. The conations that are more explained by cognitive and affective dimensions of Brazils image are the intentions of doing business with the country. The Technical dimension presented a more negative assessment in comparison to all other dimensions of Brazil's image. This paper has separately addressed the different dimensions regarding the image of Brazil and the role played by country sustainability.
Keywords: country conations; country image; Brazil.
BEYOND THE LAW: ADDITIONAL CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY PRACTICES OF EXAME
by Marina Manfredini, Luciana Cezarino, Lara Liboni
Abstract: Environmental legislation system in Brazil requires corporate actions to attend conservation of natural resources, labor legislation and social practices. On the other hand, the additional practices are voluntary actions, which are not restricted to fulfill the legal compliance. In this context, this study aims to list, categorize and analyze the sustainable practices of the companies selected in the Exame Sustainability Guide. Results listed standard companys practices and verified if these companies take proactive practices or only comply with established law. The research resulted in the listing of 1854 practices; only 5.33% of actions listed were law compliance actions. The majority of practical are proactive proposes actions in addition to those provided by law, reflecting the increasing engagement of companies with socio-environmental responsibility.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility; Sustainability reports; Compliance.
Integration of financial and socio-environmental information: an analysis on Natura's Integrated Reporting according to Basic Principles Established by The International Framework
by Beatriz Silva, Juliane Correa, Marguit Neumann
Abstract: The present paper aims at identifying the way Natura has been presenting its Integrated Reporting (IR) regarding the basic principles established by Framework 1.0. Natura is a Brazilian company which acts in the perfume area, personal hygiene and cosmetics; and it is part of the IIRC pilot programme. Through a descriptive, bibliographic and analytical about the content of Naturas IR 2013, it was done a descriptive and qualitative diagnosis regarding the basic principles highlighted by the company. The results have shown that Natura is able to elaborate its own IR, meeting the basic principles defined by IIRC framework, in an integrated and dynamic form, considering its strategies, risks, governance and value creation over time. It is present in the IR the integration of financial and non-financial information in the social, environmental and economic areas as well as the presentation of concreteness when approaching elements that influence its capacity of creating value which are present in its IR. It is concluded that it is possible to align economic-financial performance with sustainable actions.
Keywords: Integrated Reporting; basic principles; framework; sustainability; Natura; brazilian company; integration of financial and non-financial information; creation of value; economic-financial performance; sustainable actions.
SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES ADOPTED IN THE MANAGEMENT OF FOOD INDUSTRY OPERATIONS AND THEIR EFFECT ON THE PERFORMANCE OF ITS ORGANIZATION
by Simone Sehnem, Susana Carla Farias Pereira
Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the strategies of operations, specifically sustainable and circular economy operations, and their effect on the performance of organizations. The study sample included 304 enterprises in this industrial sector in southern Brazil. The results show that sustainable operations and performance are variables that move together in the same direction. Furthermore, regression analysis indicates that the model is useful in predicting the performance of organizations, as the p value of the F test is less than 0.05. However, operations strategy explains only 4% of performance variability. Other variables must be entered to improve the explanatory power of the analysis regarding the performance of the organizations surveyed. This finding is relevant because it shows that the sustainability investments do not always imply performance improvement. Furthermore, the performance of the company is not explained by political correctness, especially when the sample studied has a predominance of small and medium enterprises.
Keywords: sustainability; sustainable operations; circular economy.
Keywords: sustainability; sustainable operations; circular economy.
Socioeconomic, Environmental and Production Index: Marine and Estuarine Fishery Potential Towards a Sustainable Fishing
by Thais Barros Paganini, Talita Seckim Julio, Vanielle Aparecida Do Patrocinio Gomes, Rodrigo Randow Freitas
Abstract: The Fisheries sector has acquired major importance over the years. In addition, artisanal fisheries, the most traditional in Brazil and especially in the state of Esp
Keywords: Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) Method; Multivariate Analysis; SWOT; Fisheries Activity;
Indicators; Production; Dendrograms; Sustainable Fishing; Saaty.
ON THE ROAD TO SUSTAINABLE PURCHASING IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR OF BRAZIL, LATIN AMERICA
by Diego Delmonico
Abstract: Sustainable purchasing is both an emerging concept and practice in public sectors worldwide. While this process is intensifying, the state-of-the-art literature suffers from a shortage of information about the subject in developing countries, such as Brazil. This work puts the road to sustainable public purchasing in Brazil into perspective by considering its legal trends as well as associated opportunities and barriers faced. This perspective adds value to the literature on sustainable public purchasing by unlocking the main, relevant issues on this subject in Brazil.
Keywords: public-sector sustainability; sustainable purchasing; sustainable procurement; green procurement; emerging economies.
Construction of greenhouse gas inventory for a Brazilian distribution electricity company
by Rita De Cassia Souza Torres, Celio Andrade, Sonia Maria Da Silva Gomes
Abstract: Companies must develop inventories of GHG emissions in order to respond to climate change and mitigate their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The practice of GHG inventory is unusual in Brazilian electricity distributors. This study aims to build the GHG inventory of the Beta Company taking the Alfa Company as a reference, and discuss the contributions that the Alfa Company can provide based on its experience in the preparation of inventories. The results show that the purchase of energy to be distributed to end users responds to the highest amount of GHG emissions, followed by electricity losses. The GHG inventory of Beta Company has been customized for an electricity distribution company and can help the company to develop GHG reduction strategies, through the identification of opportunities for improvements in operational efficiency. In addition, it is also a reference for other companies in the electrical sector to prepare their inventories and include more categories, in addition to scopes 1 and 2.
Keywords: GHG Emission Inventory; GHG Protocol; Electricity Distribution Company; Energy Sector; Brazil; Climate Change; Carbon Accounting; Kyoto; Energy Matrix.
Performance analysis of recycling cooperatives from Brazil: implications for Latin America
by Reginaldo Fidelis, Marco Antonio Ferreira, Eliene Moraes, João C. Colmenero
Abstract: A principle from the National Solid Waste Policy in Brazil is, among others, the integration of collectors of reusable and recyclable materials in actions involving shared responsibility for the life cycle of products. In this country, the effectiveness in the management of municipal solid waste is directly linked to the socio-productive inclusion of waste collectors in the activities of collecting, sorting and marketing of municipal solid waste with recyclable potential (PRMSW) through the formalization of enterprises known as recycling cooperatives. For this, 40 cooperatives based in 7 states were analyzed utilizing Data Envelopment Analysis and Tobit Regression. From results, all cooperatives which not achieved performance score 1 are shortchanging the inputs and generating inconsistent products in concerning to the optimal operating capacity of the cooperative. This study can be understood as a method to be used by authorities or public / private entities in order to verify the performance of recycling cooperatives in their operating activities in the recycling chain.
Keywords: Performance of recycling cooperatives; Cooperative networks; Data envelopment analysis; Reusable solid waste; Solid waste management; Two-stage analysis.
Technologies and Governance for Sustainable Sanitation: a Review and Implications for Emerging Economies
by Aditi Mishal
Abstract: Purpose:Current research aims at Meta-analytic overview of Sanitation which led to emergence of criticality of Sanitation Governance towards Sustainable Sanitation. Paper presents a review of Technology driven Sanitation governance experimented in India and other parts of World with focus on Smart technologies to monitor toilet usage. Research Design:Its an exploratory research with an extant literature review for research available on the topic with the help of Meta-analytic review and bibliometric analysis. The current research puts up summary for vast technologies used in Sanitation Governance across the world. Paper also compares and distinguishes the technology designed and submitted for grant of patent by the Researcher team to others being used. Findings:Sanitation governance emerges as critical aspect to achieve Sustainable Sanitation. Technology driven Sanitation governance is a rising trend mainly because of the rising need and capabilities with wider options available at cheaper rates. Smart toilet tracking system can be powerful system to monitor whether toilets are being used for the desired purpose. Recommendations and Conclusion:World together is head on meeting the challenge of Sanitation with rigorous, effective, collaborative approaches for improved sanitation. India, Latin America and other Emerging economies have challenging targets not only for improved Sanitation but for Sustainable Sanitation. Technology led Governance solutions can help improve capabilities in measuring, monitoring and controlling indicators. However, innovation obsession needs to pass the test of need and capabilities assessment.
Keywords: Sanitation Governance; Sustainable Sanitation; Smart Toilet Tracking System; Swacch Bharat Mission; Technology.
A lean inventory management model as a competitive strategy analysis tool: Implications for sustainability
by Roberto Moori, Herbert Kimura, Vinicius Amorim Sobreiro
Abstract: The recent global economic crises (2008, 2014) have resulted in greater competition for companies in the quest for customers in a tighter and more discretional credit availability environment. In this context, lean inventory management in the manufacturing industry, where reduction by just a few percentage points can result in significant improvement in costs, can be considered a major strategy. Conversely, poorly managed inventory can cause operational problems and lead to significant losses in the products' commercialization. The main contribution of this paper is the development of a measurement model for lean inventory management as a competitive strategy tool, running through business, operations, and strategy. This study scrutinized 320 questionnaires previously validated (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis) from respondents in the manufacturing industry. Findings revealed the degree in which corporate strategies, resources and demand, information technology, speed of delivery, low price, and quality interact with the inventory lean management and the competitive model. The final output is a robust Structural Equation Model (α ≤ 0.05), which is an effective tool for analyzing each individual factor as a component to provide competitive advantage. Moreover, the possibility of inclusion of new factors in this modeling concept, in spite of generating greater complexity, allows for endless possibilities of application in the theoretical and practical fields.
Keywords: Lean inventory management; Resources and demand; Business strategies; Quality management; Information technology.
The Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis for CH4 emissions: Evidence from ARDL bounds testing approach in Argentina
by Joel Alejandro Rosado Anastacio
Abstract: This paper investigates the relation among CH4 emissions and gross domestic product of Argentina with two additional variables such as electricity power consumption and agriculture land use trying to prove the existence of the Environmental Kuznets Curve. Our main results are as: (1) there is an Environmental Kuznets Curve in Argentina. (2) there is long run relationship among the variables. (3) CH4 emissions has positive relation with gross domestic product. (4) Electric power consumption and agriculture use have positive effect on the gross domestic product of Argentina. (5) There is no short run relationship among the variables according to Granger Causality Test results in the Model 1, Model 2 presents bi-causality among CH4 emissions and Agriculture Use. Further, several recommendations were formulated to continue with undertake any conservative policy in order to reduce emissions without major consequences on economic sectors.
Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve; methane emissions; electricity power consumption; agriculture use; ARDL.