International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation (4 papers in press)
Antecedents of R&D Performance at Small and Medium Enterprises
by Bowon Kim, Sunghak Kim
Abstract: To examine what factors determine R&D performance at small and medium enterprises (SMEs), we propose a research framework, consisting of antecedents of R&D performance. We put forward two types of antecedents, organizational factors and R&D input factors. In our framework, there are three organizational factors, i.e., formal R&D organization unit, R&D incentive mechanism, and technology protection unit, and two R&D input factors, i.e., R&D investment per R&D person and R&D personnel ratio (R&D personnel to the total number of employees). In addition, we use two control variables, firm size and firm age. Analyzing 2,807 SME manufacturing companies in Korea, we conclude as follows. Controlling for firm size and age, SME's R&D performance is positively affected by SME's having a formal organizational unit for protecting proprietary technology and the two R&D input factors. SME's having a formal R&D organization unit has a significant effect on R&D performance when either uncontrolled or controlled for firm age only. It turns out that SME's having a formal R&D incentive mechanism does not have any significant effect on R&D performance. We discuss the managerial implications of the analysis results.
Keywords: small and medium enterprise (SME); R&D performance; innovation; entrepreneurial spirit; technology protection; R&D investment.
Government financial incentives and their role in developing electronic technological capabilities in Guadalajara, Mexico
by Álvaro Pedroza Zapata, Gustavo M. Guillemin Franco
Abstract: The electronics industry in Guadalajara, Mexico experienced a significant growth during the 1990
Keywords: Electronic Design; Technological Capabilities; Government Financial Incentives; Electronics Industry; Guadalajara Metropolitan Area.
Government Policies for Transfer of Technology Projects in Indian Defence PSUs
by Lakshman Singh, Aplana Srivastava
Abstract: Indian DPSUs are the backbone for manufacturing of Defence Article for our defence forces. But to compete the Global market they need massive transformation which can be achieved very well by Transfer of Technology (TOT). The in-house precision manufacturing expertise, stringent quality control mechanisms and highly skilled manpower accumulated by the Indian industry are being complemented by an enabling policy environment and economic growth, which could fuel the foray of the industry in to the defence manufacturing space through diversification or new entry. This paper point out the guideline of DPP for TOT implementation and derive a generalized model for TOT of Defence Article manufacturing in Indian DPSUs. With this paper researcher define TOT implementation via Stage-Gate model of TOT and generate model for TOT implementation. The two dimensional model for bid evaluation is a unique finding for selection of Vender/Seller for TOT project in Indian Defence PSUs. Author conclude this research paper by pointing out use of Indian Government Offset policy in TOT project in the economic benefit of Indian DPSUs and decision of TOT in different category.
Keywords: Avionics ;Transfer of Technology ;Bid Evaluation; Offset.
Special Issue on: VINC'17-BRAINSTORM Business Analytics and Technology
A Comparative Study of Stress & Job Satisfaction among Teachers at the College and School Level
by Parul Kumar, Neha Kumar, Shivam Agarwal, Rupal Saini
Abstract: This study tried to analyze the factors responsible for stress, kinds of stress & job satisfaction among the school and college teachers. Along with the division in terms of school & college, we also compared the factors importance in terms of male & female. The results concluded that Role Stagnation was the major stress causing factors amongst school teachers while Role erosion amongst college teachers. Both male and female respondents considered Role stagnation as the major stress causing factor. For job satisfaction, we came to the conclusion that job satisfaction revolves around five factors i.e. nature of work, work environment, growth, personal satisfaction & lack of motivation in both schools & colleges. Schools combine growth & nature of work as one major factor in deciding whether the individual is satisfied in the job or not.On the other hand, college teachers hold nature of work as the major & most important factor which defines their job satisfaction levels. Likewise for male teachers, Growth is the most important criteria in job satisfaction & for female teachers, nature work is more important.
Keywords: Factor Analysis; Stagnation; Stress; promotion; incentives.