International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation (7 papers in press)
USING VIRTUAL TRAINING FOR TECHNICAL TRAINING NEEDS - RESOLVING THE CONSULTANTS (vs) IT COMPANIES TUG OF WAR
by Poorani Thandapany, Thiyagarajan S
Abstract: Owing to the globalization, increased business needs and changing technology trends it has become essential for IT Companies to keep pace with the drastically itinerant current scenario by constantly enhancing and updating the skills of their employees by means of technology transfer or knowledge sharing through training. Most of the companies relied on Consultants to fulfill these training needs. But in recent times, there seems to be a declining trend in outsourcing the needs, especially in India due to the cost involved in it. The current scenario expects a cost effective option that would meet the growing business demand without compromising on quality. Virtual training can be seen as the solution to this problem as it can enhance both the effectiveness and efficiency of the training delivery. But, Virtual Trainings are at the nascent stages in most of the IT Companies. Hence, there seem to be some hitches for the Consultants in getting the technical training virtually imparted to the employees due to various reasons. Thus, the focus of the paper is to analyze and bridge the gap that exists between the Expectation of the IT Company and Actual Service delivery of the Consultants. Two Questionnaires were developed and administered, one for the company and the other for the consultant, to collect data and they were circulated to the IT companies and their corresponding Consultant partners. The findings aim at offering suggestions to the consultants, by which they can meet their clients‟ needs in a better way.
Keywords: Virtual Training; Consultants; Outsourcing; IT Companies; Service delivery; Talent development; Technical training; technology transfer; knowledge sharing; Training.
Can Proximity technologies impact on organization business model? An empirical approach
by Maryam Bagheri, Paola Pisano, Marco Pironti
Abstract: Technology is growing rapidly and bringing new and innovative opportunities into organizations business model. Technologies transform industries by reshaping customers engagement, designing new channel and enhancing customer and organizations relationship. It helps organizations to involve customers into their organizations and make them an active part of their companies to improve their product and support their business model. In this paper we frame how new technologies -such as proximity technologies- can inspire smart organizations to structure a new business model able to exploit a new stream of knowledge and data by structuring a different relationship between organization and customers, selecting different channels and eventually addressing an update or new value proposition to a different customers segment. We will use Canvas model in order to analyse a sample of practical cases and give more consistency to our analysis.
Keywords: Business Model; Channels; Canvas Model; Customer Relationship; Proximity Technology.
PATTERNS OF LOCAL R&D COOPERATION OF FOREIGN SUBSIDIARIES IN AN INTERMEDIATE COUNTRY: INNOVATIVE AND STRUCTURAL FACTORS
by Jose Molero, Antonio Garcia-Sanchez, Ruth Rama
Abstract: Abstract :We attempt to contribute to a better understanding of cooperative innovation patterns of foreign subsidiaries (FS) in Spain as a representative intermediate country, going deeply into three main aspects: firstly, a sectoral taxonomy which combines international technological dynamism and revealed technological advantage as a way to understand such patterns. Secondly we focus our attention on innovative intensive subsidiaries, assuming they are the most important ones for hosting countries. Thirdly, we combine innovation and structural-competitive variables to explain local cooperation. We found more intense cooperation of FS with local agents in dynamic specialization sectors, as well as the fact that this is mostly carried out in a complementary mode with inner knowledge capabilities of the companies. Cooperative activities are influenced by economic-structural factors of the Spanish economy, particularly in highly innovative companies. Cooperative strategies of domestic firms might also have an influence on those of foreign subsidiaries.
Keywords: R&D cooperation; MNCs; Intermediate countries.
Converting university knowledge into value: How conceptual frameworks contribute to the understanding of the third mission role of European universities
by Todd Davey
Abstract: As the importance of universities in the movement of western economies from industrial to knowledgedriven economies is increasingly recognised, there has been a greater focus by policy makers and academics on the universitys role. Resultantly, a number of conceptual frameworks have been created to capture this changing role, however there remains a lack of clarity as to how the modern university engages a set of external stakeholders, resulting in a tangling of conceptual frameworks explaining this third mission paradigm.
This article untangles these third mission concepts highlighting four areas of variance: the focus on public versus private good, the relation to university-business cooperation and entrepreneurship, the relation to theory and the stakeholder perspective taken by the frameworks. In doing so, it provides insight into how universities interact externally to convert their knowledge into value and makes a case for a proactive approach to the third mission by university managers.
Keywords: Triple helix; entrepreneurial university; regional innovation systems; university-business cooperation; technology and knowledge transfer; valorisation; university.
Antecedents of R&D Performance at Small and Medium Enterprises
by Bowon Kim, Sunghak Kim
Abstract: To examine what factors determine R&D performance at small and medium enterprises (SMEs), we propose a research framework, consisting of antecedents of R&D performance. We put forward two types of antecedents, organizational factors and R&D input factors. In our framework, there are three organizational factors, i.e., formal R&D organization unit, R&D incentive mechanism, and technology protection unit, and two R&D input factors, i.e., R&D investment per R&D person and R&D personnel ratio (R&D personnel to the total number of employees). In addition, we use two control variables, firm size and firm age. Analyzing 2,807 SME manufacturing companies in Korea, we conclude as follows. Controlling for firm size and age, SME's R&D performance is positively affected by SME's having a formal organizational unit for protecting proprietary technology and the two R&D input factors. SME's having a formal R&D organization unit has a significant effect on R&D performance when either uncontrolled or controlled for firm age only. It turns out that SME's having a formal R&D incentive mechanism does not have any significant effect on R&D performance. We discuss the managerial implications of the analysis results.
Keywords: small and medium enterprise (SME); R&D performance; innovation; entrepreneurial spirit; technology protection; R&D investment.
A Career in Innovation: Serial Faculty Inventors
by Anne Fuller
Abstract: This paper explores the invention patterns of 349 science and engineering faculty in U.S. universities. The work builds upon existing life cycle models to empirically test the idea that academic consulting is more likely to occur later in the career span of such researchers. We also test for the impact of university environmental factors such as the presence of technology transfer offices. Using a novel transition probability method paired with econometric modeling we find strong support for academic consulting to yield staying power and to occur later in a faculty members career. We also find support for licensing revenues to encourage university research while the presence of a transfer office was not significant in our analysis.
Keywords: Academic inventors; faculty consulting; human capital.
Government financial incentives and their role in developing electronic technological capabilities in Guadalajara, Mexico
by Álvaro Pedroza Zapata, Gustavo M. Guillemin Franco
Abstract: The electronics industry in Guadalajara, Mexico experienced a significant growth during the 1990
Keywords: Electronic Design; Technological Capabilities; Government Financial Incentives; Electronics Industry; Guadalajara Metropolitan Area.