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International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems

 

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International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems (60 papers in press)

 

Regular Issues

 

  • Parallel K-Means Algorithm based on Two Stage Clustering of Large Data   Order a copy of this article
    by Xia Wendong, Liu Yuanfeng, Chen Deli 
    Abstract: Aiming at the fact that the algorithm communication time occupation ratio is too high and the practical application value is limited under the Mapreduce mechanism, a Hadoop-based two stage parallel c-Means clustering algorithm is proposed to solve the classification problem of super large data. First, the Hadoop-based two stage parallel fuzzy c-Means clustering algorithm is proposed to process the clustering of large data; and a protocol-based group typical individual reduction strategy is used to improve the time complexity of the MPI communication model of Mapreduce, so as to improve the overall efficiency of the algorithm; secondly, the interference of bad data items can be effectively eliminated by the selective group reduction algorithm, so that the algorithm in this paper has higher operating efficiency and clustering success rate. In terms of parallel rate and speedup ratio, the parallel rate and speedup ratio of the proposed algorithm in this paper on the large data set is better than the performance of the small data set, which means that the algorithm in this paper can adjust itself according to the amount of data in real time. The simulation results show that the performance of PGR-PFCM algorithm is better in the processing of large data.
    Keywords: parallel algorithm; fuzzy clustering; K-Means; big data; two stages.

  • Glossary Applications Model for Financial Terms with Boyer-Moore-Horspool Method Based on Mobile Application   Order a copy of this article
    by Nazori Agani, Arfian Maulidan 
    Abstract: String Search or the string matching is one aspect that is very important in terms of data processing, in addition the problem string matching is also one of the problems that are well known in the world of informatics. Some examples of the implementation of the string matching problem is in matching a string in a text editor application such as Microsoft Word, or in the case of bigger, ie matching website by entering key words as it has been implemented on search engines such as Google Inc. The general process in the searching a string is looking for a string that consists of some of the characters (called pattern) in a large amount of text. Search string is also used to look for patterns of bits in a large number of binary files. Problems begin to arise if the search process occurs in a lot of data and complex, of course, this would be very time-consuming and resources owned, so the search technique effectively and efficiently will be needed. The purpose of this study is to utilize a String Matching algorithm that is by using the Boyer-Moore-Horspool in the search data is a list of financial terms. Boyer-Moore algorithm-Horspool used to search for any string precision (word or phrase) entered with a high degree of accuracy of search, because it uses pattern matching from right to left. In addition to the HTML5-based application model, application model matching string can later be run multiplatform not only on mobile devices, but also be able to run on a desktop browser.
    Keywords: String Matching; Search Engine; Boyer-Moore-Horspool; Mobile; Browser.

  • Decision Support for Grape Crop Protection Using Ontology   Order a copy of this article
    by Archana Chougule, Vijay Kumar Jha, Debajyoti Mukhopadhyay 
    Abstract: Weather based decision support for managing pests and diseases of crops requires use of Information Technology. This paper details a system developed using ontology, semantic web rule language and image processing techniques for management of pests and diseases on wines, particularly in hot tropical region of India. It aims at minimizing use of pesticides and fungicides by forecasting pests and diseases occurrence using information about meteorological conditions and its relation with pest and disease occurrence. It is named as PDMGrapes. For system knowledge base, knowledge available in different formats on grape pests and diseases is converted to ontology. Favourable meteorological conditions for pest and disease occurrences are mentioned by SWRL rules. Grapes disease identification is done using image processing techniques. The system helps grape growers to minimize side effects of pesticides on environment. The developed system is validated and verified for accuracy and performance.
    Keywords: decision support; ontology building; decision tree; semantic web rule language; grapes; nutrition management.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJRIS.2018.10012761
     
  • Double PWM Coordinated Control Based on Model Predictive Algorithm and Power Compensation   Order a copy of this article
    by Bo Fan, Ke Wang, Bowen Ding, Ning Guo 
    Abstract: With analysis on double PWM structure though systems energy flow theory, active power and reactive power of rectifier are controlled by model predictive algorithm. System adopts the method of combine dynamic powers compensation with static powers compensation for system power in order to reduce system power error. A new power compensation algorithm is proposed to designs a new controller to replace PI controller of systems voltage loop, which can restrain fluctuation of DC bus voltage when load power suddenly varies and reduces DC-links capacity of capacitance. As for inverter side, system uses the method of rotor flux linkage oriented to control three phase asynchronous motor. Results of simulation can show that, system can realize the smallest tracking error of active power and reactive power by model predictive control, and restrain fluctuation of DC bus when load power suddenly changes. As the same time, the gird currents waveform is well.
    Keywords: Model Prediction; Tracking Error; Power Compensation; Coordination Control.

  • Psychological Cognition Behavior Model Based on Reinforcement Learning   Order a copy of this article
    by Shiyong LIU, Ruosong CHANG, Sang Fu 
    Abstract: The trust relations in open systems are essentially one of the most complex social relationships, involving a variety of factors, such as hypotheses, expectations, behaviors and environment, etc., which are very difficult to have quantitative expression and forecast accuratly. The goal of the paper is to propose effectively illustrate psychological cognition behaviors using the reinforcement learning. Combined with the trust behavior of human society, an reinforcement learning model based on human trust habits is put forward: (1) Self-adaptive overall knowability decision-making method based on the historical evidence window is constructed, which not only has overcome the subjective judgment method for the determination of weights commonly used in existing models, but also can solve the knowability forecast problem when the direct evidence is insufficient; (2) The concept of reinforcement learning weighted averaging (hereinafter referred to as RLWA for short) operator is introduced, and the direct trust forecast model based on the RLWA operator is established, which can be sued to solve the problem of insufficient dynamic adaptability of the traditional forecast model. The experimental results show that, compared with the existing models, the proposed model has more robust dynamic adaptability and also significant improvement in the forecast accuracy of the model.
    Keywords: Distributed System; Information Security; Reinforcement Learning Model; Reinforcement Learning Weighted Averaging Operator.

  • Cloud Platform Load Balancing Based on Bee Colony Algorithm   Order a copy of this article
    by Fan Xue, Zhijian Wu 
    Abstract: In order to shorten the time needed to execute tasks in cloud system and maximize the utilization of available resources in the system, this article proposes the cloud platform load balancing design under the background of bee colony algorithm (ABC algorithm). First of all, puts forward the designed mathematical model, and then gives the basic algorithm of load balancing based on bee colony algorithm. In addition, in the design of the process, three experiments are respectively carried out. The first set of experiments results show that the result is stochastic and stable and the system overhead will affect the system performance; the second set of experiments results show that there is the presence of outliers, algorithm can guarantee the system to complete the system task implementation within a limited time, and the system consumption continuously rises; the third set of experiments results show that the algorithm has stability and independence, and the algorithm has stable efficiency in the range that the virtual machine can withstand; if it exceeds the range, the results will be unstable. Overall, the ABC algorithm has an effective implementation effect.
    Keywords: Bee colony algorithm; Cloud platform; Load balancing.

  • Visual Automatic Obstacle Avoidance Technology Research in Unmanned Vehicles   Order a copy of this article
    by Bo Liu, Liguang Li, Piqiang Tan, Rui Jia, Qing Liu 
    Abstract: In view of the problems of low obstacle avoidance and low efficiency in traditional unmanned vehicle in automatic obstacle avoidance, multi-feature fusion automatic obstacle avoidance method in unmanned vehicle is proposed. Optimize unmanned vehicle obstacle avoidance objective function, measure target obstacle distance, and calculate the braking distance. Based on this, unmanned vehicle dynamics model is established and the obstacle is located and determined. Multi-feature fusion design of unmanned vehicle visual automatic obstruction steps is made and finally the process of obstacle avoidance is analyzed. Experimental results show that the use of improved visual automatic obstacle avoidance technology has certain advantages in target obstacle positioning and obstacle avoidance accuracy, which are superior to those of traditional obstacle avoidance technology.
    Keywords: Vehicle; Unmanned; Visual; Automatic; Obstacle avoidance technology.

  • Adapting eSpeak to Arabic Language:Converting Arabic Text to Speech Language using eSpeak   Order a copy of this article
    by Taha Zerrouki, Mohammed M. Abu Shquier 
    Abstract: Text to speech (TTS) is a crucial tool needed in many domains, mainly for visually impaired users. The availability of TTS open sources improves access to computers and gives more valuable applications. eSpeak provides support for several languages. It is a tool that provides rules and phoneme files for more than 50 languages, besides, eSpeak is a light, fast, low memory consumption and used in multi-platforms. In this paper we have explored the possibility to adapt the existing text to speech converters into Arabic language in eSpeak. we attempt to define new text to speech conversion rules, adapting existed phonemes and adding missing phonemes for Arabic under eSpeak. The contributions are quite significant, however, the softwares developers will be able to integrated these enhancements within the new version, so that users who have problems with visual impairments or children with special needs will utilize this development of eSpeak. The availability of such support, open new fields to use arabic in TTS environment, especially for blind persons.
    Keywords: TTS; eSpeak; Mbrola; Arabic; open source.

  • Automatic Three-dimensional Sorting System based on Internet and Database   Order a copy of this article
    by Xiao-dan Zhang, Yanming Cheng 
    Abstract: Automatic three-dimensional sorting system is the core part of supply chain operation for logistics and warehousing department. It has some difficulty in design. The sorting distance and sorting time optimization in traditional sorting operation is not enough. Therefore, automatic three-dimensional sorting system based on Internet and database is designed. The system uses buffer zone and cargo moving area for cargo delivery through shelf area storage of goods, uses cargo sorting area to distinguish different logistics receiving area and different types of goods. This paper introduces goods sorting process in and out of storage using Internet agent to realize sorting control, and designs the control, negotiation and communication principle for Internet agent. At the same time SQL Server 2014 development database is selected to establish the required information entity relation graph and feature table. Experimental results show that the sorting distance and sorting time of the system are short and it can play a great role in sorting operation.
    Keywords: Automatic three-dimensional sorting system; Internet; Agent; Database; Entity relation graphrnrn.

  • Adaptive Multi-crossover Evolutionary Algorithm for Real-world Optimization Problems   Order a copy of this article
    by Moh'd Khaled Yousef Shambour 
    Abstract: Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) have been extensively used since their invention. EAs are considered as a powerful tool to solve numerous optimization problems in various fields. Their search mechanisms have been actively developed to improve their search efficiency toward global optima solutions. This study aims to investigate the effects of using different types of recombination (crossover) schemes. It introduces an adaptive version of EA called adaptive multi-crossover evolutionary algorithm (AMCEA). The proposed AMCEA offers multiple forms of heuristic crossover operators based on genetic algorithm (GA) and harmony search algorithm (HSA). The proposed technique improves the search attitude by allowing the effective utilization of exploration and exploitation strategies during the evolution process. The quality of the proposed AMCEA is evaluated on six real-world numerical optimization problems (IEEE-CEC2011), and results are compared with those obtained with five variants of GA and HSA. Results demonstrate the superiority of the AMCEA over previously improved algorithms in terms of solution quality; it achieves the lowest mean results and lowest best results in 75% and 66% of the total experiment cases, respectively.
    Keywords: Evolutionary algorithms; crossover; optimization problems; genetic algorithm; harmony search algorithm; global optima.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJRIS.2018.10016282
     
  • Temperature Aware Power Optimization based 8-bit MAC Architecture for Low Power DSP Applications   Order a copy of this article
    by Haripriya D, Govindaraju C, Sumathi M 
    Abstract: Temperature aware adaptive voltage scaling based low power 8 bit Multiplier-Accumulator (MAC) architecture for Digital Signal Processing (DSP) has been presented in this paper. Temperature increases dynamic power, static power and leakage power dissipation in the electronic circuits, hence it is mandatory to construct a circuit which minimizes the dynamic power, static power and leakage power adaptively according to the current temperature so that the performance of the overall system is not degraded much. The proposed temperature aware adaptive voltage scaling is very effective method to minimize the dynamic power, static power and leakage power consumption without degrading the performance of the system. The dynamic power consumed by the conventional MAC is 3.441mW when the temperature is 150
    Keywords: Adaptive dynamic voltage scaling; Digital signal processing; Dynamic power;; Leakage power; Multiply and accumulate; Static power; Temperature aware.

  • INCORPORATING NOUN COMPOUNDS IN DISTRIBUTIONAL-BASED SEMANTIC REPRESENTATION APPROACHES FOR MEASURING SEMANTIC RELATEDNESS   Order a copy of this article
    by Abdulgabbar Saif, Nazlia Omar, Ummi Zakiah Zainodin 
    Abstract: Identifying noun compounds in natural language documents is very important for handling their various linguistic features, such as semantic, syntactic, and pragmatic features. In this study, we introduce a knowledge-based method for incorporating noun compounds in distributional-based semantic representation approaches. Wikipedia is exploited as a knowledge resource for extracting noun compounds based on its structural features. The categories are then used to classify the extracted noun compounds as linguistic terms and named entities. Next, the look-up list technique is employed to identify the noun compounds when extracting the semantics of the terms using the corpus-based approach for semantic representation. To obtain the semantic representation, we use five well-known distributional-based approaches: latent semantic analysis (LSA), hyperspace analogue to language (HAL), correlated occurrence analogue to lexical semantic (COALS), bound encoding of the aggregate language environment (BEAGLE), and explicit semantic analysis (ESA). The proposed method was evaluated by measuring the semantic relatedness using five benchmark datasets employed in previous studies. The experimental results demonstrate that incorporating noun compounds in the distributional-based semantic representation helps to improve the semantic evidence for the relationships among words.
    Keywords: Distributional-based approach; Noun compound; Semantic analysis; Semantic relatedness.

  • Data Mining and Economic Forecasting in DW-based Economical Decision Support System   Order a copy of this article
    by Min Zhang, Rui Qi 
    Abstract: Decision demand has hierarchies for different users and the decision analysis demand in various area and field have particularity according to different topics. Since traditional MIS is hard to meet the demand of analysis and processing of growing mass data, a novel decision support system(DSS) is urgent to be proposed for decision makers. Based on data warehouse, data mining and OLAP technology, we propose a DSS with modular design, and explain the structure and key technologies of it in this article. Our study establishes multidimensional data-set for OLAP analysis to perform slicing, dicing, drilling and rotation operation. In data mining, for the problems of large data-set such as long learning time and decreasing generalization ability, an SVM accelerating algorithm based on boundary sample selection is put forward. The system test results demonstrate that the data mining has better prediction effects on economical forecasting. Therefore, the research has better practicability and higher accuracy, which shows certain value of popularization and implementation.
    Keywords: data mining; data warehouse; DSS; OLAP; SVM; Economic forecasting.

  • Toward an Automatic Summarization of Arabic Text Depending on Rhetorical Relations   Order a copy of this article
    by Samira Lagrini, Nabiha Azizi, Mohammed Redjimi, Monther Al Dwairi 
    Abstract: Rhetorical relations between two text segments are crucial information and have been proven useful for many natural language processing (NLP) applications. In this paper, we propose a supervised approach for automatic identifying of rhetorical relations in Arabic texts. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first model that attempts to identify both implicit and explicit rhetorical relations between elementary discourse units within the rhetorical structure theory (RST). To carry out this research, we developed a discourse annotated corpus following the RST framework with high reliability.Relations annotation was done using a set of 23 fine-grained relations enriched with nuclearity annotation. To automatically learn these relations, we reuse some state of the arts featuresand contribute new lexical and semantics' features. The experimental results, on fine-grained and coarse-grained relations, showed that our model achieved the best performance relative to all baselines
    Keywords: Rhetorical relations; Arabic language; Rhetorical structure theory.

  • MGA-TSP: Modernized Genetic Algorithm for the Traveling Salesman Problem   Order a copy of this article
    by Ra'ed M. Al-Khatib, Mohammed Azmi Al-Betar, Mohammed A. Awadallah, Khalid M. O. Nahar, Mohammed M. Abu Shquier, Ahmad M. Manasrah, Ahmad Bany Doumi 
    Abstract: This paper proposes a new enhanced algorithm called Modernized Genetic Algorithm for solving the Traveling Salesman Problem (MGA-TSP). Recently, the most successful evolutionary algorithm used to solve the TSP problem, is the GA algorithm. One of the main obstacles for GA is building its initial population. When initiating the GA with a strong initial population, the convergence rate and the diversity aspect will be more stronger. Therefore, in this paper, a new local search mechanism based on three neighborhood structure operators (Inverse, Insert, and Swap) along with 2-opt is utilized. This adapted neighborhood structure operators are employed to generate the initial population for GA algorithm. In addition to building powerful initial population for TSP, the main operators (i.e., crossover and mutation) of GA during the generation process should be also enhanced for TSP. Therefore, the recent and powerful crossover operator called EAX is utilized in the proposed MGA-TSP to enhance its convergence behavior. In order to validate the performance of the proposed algorithm we used TSP datasets, have different complexities and sizes. The sizes of the dataset-cities, range from 150 to 33810 cities. Initially, the impact of each neighboring operator on the performance of the proposed algorithm is studied. In conclusion, our proposed method achieved the best results. For comparative evaluation, the results obtained from our proposed MGA-TSP method is compared with those obtained by six well-regard methods using the same TSP instances. The proposed method is able to outperform other comparative methods in almost all TSP instances used.
    Keywords: Traveling Salesman Problem; Optimization; Genetic Algorithm; Neighboring Operators.

  • Version.01: Design and Development soft actuator prototype for Surgical Lighting System   Order a copy of this article
    by Sandesh Ghate, Guntis Kulikovskis 
    Abstract: Surgical luminaires are used for illumination of wounds during surgery. For optimal illumination surgical luminaries need to change their orientation several times during surgery. The aim this project is simplify and optimize the design of the surgical lighting system to overcome the structural limitation and to reduce singularity. Surgical lighting system is made up of 6 links and in order to achieve 5 Degree of freedom. This is an attempt to reduce number of linkages in SLS by introducing a bendable soft actuator. Pneumatic bending actuator made of silicone rubber undergoes the desired deformation when each chamber is pressurized. Soft actuator because of flexibility provides advantage to overcome the mechanical singularity faced by existing surgical lighting system. Mathematical model based on geometric deformation has been presented. A fourth degree polynomial approximation has been used for characterize behavior of each chamber of actuator.
    Keywords: Surgical Lighting System; Soft Actuator; Surgical Luminaries. Pneumatic Bending Actuator.

  • Intelligent control algorithm for USV with input saturation based on RBF network compensation   Order a copy of this article
    by Renqiang Wang, Jianming Sun, Hua Deng, Keyin Miao, Yue Zhao 
    Abstract: A type of intelligent control algorithm of course tracking for USV was proposed on the basis of RBF network approximation and compensation with input saturation. First of all, sliding surfaces with integrator were designed with the sliding mode variable structure control technology. Then, radial basis function neural network was applied to approximate compensate the system input saturation. Furthermore, second-order system observer was introduced to overcome the bounded outside interference. Finally, the control algorithm for USV was
    Keywords: USV motion control; intelligent control; RBF neural network; sliding mode control; saturation.

Special Issue on: Artificial Intelligent Techniques Applied to the Study of Engineering Applications

  • Real Time implementation of Multivariable Centralized FOPID controller for TITO process   Order a copy of this article
    by S.K. Lakshmanaprabu, U. Sabura Banu 
    Abstract: The development and real time implementation of multivariable centralized FOPID (MC-FOPID) controllers for two interacting frustum conical tank level process (TICFTLP) is presented. The Modeling and control of TICFTLP is difficult due to its dynamic coupling between inputs and outputs. The black box model is developed from the open loop experimental data using process reaction curve method (PRC). The multivariable centralized FOPID (MC-FOPID) controller with five tuning parameters is designed based on the steady state gain matrix of the process and then the controller parameters are tuned using bat optimization algorithm. The comparison of proposed MC-FOPID controller with multiloop PID controller is demonstrated in the simulation study. The simulation results of the controllers are compared in terms of settling time and integral error criteria. It is found that the MC-FOPID controller has better servo and regulatory response than multiloop PID control. The real time implementation of MC-FOPID is done in MATLAB/SIMULINK using USB based DAQ module.
    Keywords: Multiloop PID control; Centralized Control; Fractional order control; FOPID; BAT optimization algorithm; Two input Two Output Process; Two Interacting frustum conical tank process.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJRIS.2018.10012760
     
  • Evaluation of Worker Quality in Crowdsourcing System on Hadoop Platform   Order a copy of this article
    by Kavitha C, Srividhya Lakshmi R, Anjana Devi J, Pradheeba U 
    Abstract: Crowdsourcing is a new emerging distributed computing and problem solving production model on the backdrop of internet. The datasize of crowdsources and tasks grows rapidly due to the rapid development of the crowdsourcing system. To evaluate the worker quality, based on the big data technology has become a more complex challenge. In this paper, we propose a general worker quality evaluation algorithm which can be applied to any critical tasks without wasting resources. Realizing the evaluation algorithm in the hadoop platform using MapReduce parallel programming is also involved. Efficiency and accuracy of the algorithm is effectively verified in the wide variety of many big data scenarios.
    Keywords: crowdsourcing system; hadoop; mapreduce.

  • Design and Implementation of Finite State Machine Using Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata (QCA)   Order a copy of this article
    by Sungeetha .D, Keerthana G, Vijayakumar K 
    Abstract: Moores Law states that the number of transistors per square inch on integrated circuits has doubled approximately every two years, this is true for CMOS based VLSI circuit design. Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata (QCA) replaces CMOS based VLSI technology. The assembly of quantum dots replaces transistors which is said to be Quantum Dot Cellular Automata, an emerging nanotechnology in the field of quantum electronics. Such type of circuit can be used in many digital applications and has an advantage of reduced area utilization. Quantum mechanics and cellular automata are together said to be Quantum Dot Cellular Automata. QCA technology has advantages like small size and high speed. CMOS technology uses transistors to create a logic gates but in QCA technology, logic gates and wires are created by using QCA cells. The basic logic gates like AND, OR, inverter, majority gates are implemented. Many combinational and sequential circuits are designed by using these basic gates. This paper aims at the design of Finite State Machines and its use in Vending machine and Traffic Light Controller were discussed. The circuit was designed and the functionality of those was verified using QCADesigner tool.
    Keywords: QCA; Finite state machine; Vending machine; Traffic Light Controller; QCADesigner 2.3.0.

  • Exploiting Ontology to map requirements derived from informal descriptions   Order a copy of this article
    by Murugesh Sundaram, Jayal A 
    Abstract: Requirements are narration of the services which a software system should make available along with the constraints that should be satisfied when the system operates. Software requirements have to be arrived from descriptions that are often incomplete, inconsistent, informal and ambiguous [1]. Such informal descriptions have to be preprocessed and information constructs have to be extracted. This article deals with use of an ontology specific to Automatic Teller Machine(ATM) operations domain that contains the concepts, the relationships that exists among the concepts and the focus is to decide on the feasibility of the requirement by mapping the extracted requirement with the requirement defined in the background ontology. The developed ontology is queried using Simple Protocol and RDF Query Language (SPARQL), if the derived requirement is present in the ontology it is said to be feasible; else decision may be taken to eliminate the requirements that are invalid and infeasible. Ontology is a formal specification of concepts with their attributes and relationship in a particular domain. As standard description formalism, the Web Ontology Language (OWL) that is based on Resource Description Framework (RDF) is to be used.
    Keywords: Ontology; Requirements elicitation; Simple Protocol And RDF Query Language (SPARQL); Web Ontology Language (OWL); Resource Description Framework (RDF); Unstructured documents; Natural Language Processing (NLP).

  • Application of mutation inspired Constrained Factor PSO considering voltage stability and losses by locating and rating TCSC during N-1 Contingency   Order a copy of this article
    by Jayachitra S, Baskar G, Feridinand T 
    Abstract: This paper describes, a strategy for optimal placement and setting of series FACTS controller- Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC) under single line contingency (N -1) using Particle Swarm Optimization(PSO), Constriction Factor PSO(CFPSO), Cauchy mutation- CFPSO(CM-CFPSO) & Gaussian Mutation CFPSO(GM-CFPSO) algorithm in order to reduce over loading and power loss in transmission lines and to improve voltage stability of a power system. In this proposed CM-CFPSO & GM-CFPSO methods, a new-fangled position equation is framed and the features of the Constriction Factor Approach (CF) is incorporated with the proposed approach. To detect the most severe transmission line, Composite Severity Index (COSI) is calculated under N-1 contingency and top three severe lines are taken for this research work. To validate the consequence of proposed approach, simulation studies are carried out on a standard IEEE 30-bus network. Appraisals are made in provisions of eminence solution, execution time and stable convergence behaviour
    Keywords: Particle Swarm Optimization; Composite Severity Index; Mutation; Contingency; Optimal placement; Constraint Factor; Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor;.

  • Survey on Data Analytics Techniques in Healthcare Using IOT Platform   Order a copy of this article
    by GOKULNATH CHANDRA BABU, SHANTHARAJAH S P 
    Abstract: The large amount of data generated by IOT has high impact values, the mining algorithms with IOT used to get the meaningful information that has been hidden in the data. In this paper designed a system that reviews the data in the knowledge view, technique view and application view, including clustering, classification, time series, association and outlier analysis and the application used in mining algorithm are surveyed. As the many devices connected with the IOT it produces large volumes of data and it also analyzed. So the algorithm should be modified so it can be used for mining algorithms. At last architecture has been suggested for big data mining system.
    Keywords: Internet of Things (IOT); RFID; FMMEA; Near Field Communication (NFC); Prognostics and Health Management (PHM); CBM; Time to Failure (TTF); SVM; Ultra-Wide Bandwidth (UWB); DFT.

  • Octagonal Picture Languages   Order a copy of this article
    by Ramya Govindaraj, Anand M 
    Abstract: A picture grammar is the generation of pictures through description of words. The picture is represented in matrix form of finite alphabet using various grammars .Picture grammar can be achieved through context free grammar or regular expressions. Here we extend hexagonal picture language to octagonal picture language thereby introducing Octagonal Wang System (OWS) and octagonal picture language. Previously hexagonal wang system coincides with hexagonal tile system. Here we determine the same using octagon that is to check the coincidence of octagonal wang system and octagonal tile system. We use octagons since, they form several interior angles that leads to the base for drawings and architectural planning.
    Keywords: Formal languages;picture languages;Hexagonal picture language;octagonal picture language;octagonal tiling system;Octagonal wang system.

  • FlowForensic: FlowRule Enforcement for Control Plane Attacks in Software Defined Networking   Order a copy of this article
    by NITHYA SAMPATH, Jayakumar Chinnappan 
    Abstract: Due to the lack of security in the traditional network, a new reprogrammable network called Software Defined Networking has been introduced. It is a layered abstraction network with easy programmable, flexible, and extensible by managing the networks by segregating the control plane from the data plane. This separation provides a way for developing more complex and advanced applications efficiently. OpenFlow is an interface between switches and controllers. It simplifies network management and programming of the network devices. The landscape of digital threats and cyber-attacks is evolving tremendously. The impact of various network attacks in software defined network environment is studied and implemented.The throughput results are compared and analyzed between normal packet and spoofed packet. In accordance with the analysis of spoofed packet, rules are enforced for protection.
    Keywords: Software Defined Networking; Attacks; POX controller; rule; Mininet; throughput.

  • Trusted computing in Social Cloud   Order a copy of this article
    by Priya Govindaraj, Jaisankar Natarajan 
    Abstract: Social Cloud is a new paradigm which allows a user to share the system resources for computing purposes when it is not otherwise being used. This paper focuses on the computing model Social Cloud where the computing nodes are managed by the social bonds determined from a trust retaining social graph. It can be considered as a situation of a computing method in which cloud users gather a group of resources to do computational tasks for the sake of a social friend. So whenever a task is given by a user, the burden of computing is passed to the friend, i.e. to the nodes which are directly connected to them in the social network. We have used two different scheduling algorithms namely FCFS and Round Robin to check the performance statistics of the Social Cloud and state which algorithm is best suitable for the implementation. Apart from this we have proposed a new index called Trust Index for calculating the trust value of a user and also to find out whether a user is trustworthy or not. The proposed Trust Index mainly fills the gap of human interaction in evaluating a users trustworthiness, since here a user decides whether or not to trust another user. To show the efficiency of this trust index we have created a social network with a feature of verifying a friend, by using which we can verify our friends and make them trustworthy.
    Keywords: Trust; Trust index; Scheduling; Social cloud; Social graph.

  • Energy Efficient Data Compression and Aggregation Technique for Wireless sensor Networks[TELSOB MOTES]   Order a copy of this article
    by Karthikeyan B, Kumar R, Srinivasa Rao Inabathini 
    Abstract: This paper present and analyze an energy efficient data compression and data aggregation algorithm which results in the whole network lifetime prolonged by about 24% . In this paper, a new idea is proposed for sensor values compression based on a technique that involves feedback mechanism. In this technique, the base node in the sensor network generates Huffman code for the sensor data that needs to be compressed and broadcast the Huffman code in to the sensor network. All nodes in the sensor network receives Huffman code, compress the sensor data and transmit to base node. For data aggregation, secure data aggregation algorithm is used which does not necessitate additional phase for data integrity verification and also it eludes extra transmissions and computational overhead on the sensor nodes to reduce the amount of energy used up by the network. The whole idea was tested on TelosB sensor network platform, programmed in nesC language and also analyses the performance of the algorithm in the Contiki OS- simulator Cooja. A comparison is also done with existing compression algorithms in terms of lifetime of the sensor network.
    Keywords: Sensor Network; Huffman code; Secure Hierarchical aggregation; Cooja; Telosb.

  • An Intelligent Neuro-Genetic Framework for Effective Intrusion Detection   Order a copy of this article
    by Rama Prabha Krishnamoorthy Pakkirisamy, Jeyanthi N 
    Abstract: Intrusion detection systems are useful for improving the network performance by safeguarding the networks from attacks including flooding attacks. Intrusion detection systems can be developed by identifying the important features from the network data to be analysed and by classifying the network traffic using the most contributing and important features. In this paper, a new intelligent neuro-genetic framework is proposed for detecting the intruders in networks by analysing their behaviour. For this purpose, a new Genetic Algorithm based Feature Selection Algorithm (GAFSA) and a Neuro-Genetic Fuzzy Classification Algorithm (NGFCA) have been proposed in this paper which are used to identify the malicious users through classification of user behaviours. The main advantage of this proposed framework is that it reduces the attacks by identifying the intruders with high accuracy and reduced false positive rate. This work has been tested through simulations and also using bench mark dataset for analysing the performance of the proposed algorithms. From the experiments conducted in this work using full features and selected features by applying the existing classification algorithms as well as the proposed classification algorithm, it is proved that the proposed framework detects the intruders more accurately and reduces the attacks leading to increase in packet delivery ratio and reduction in delay.
    Keywords: Intrusion Detection System; Feature Selection; Classification; GAFSA; NGFCA; false positive rate; neuro-genetic framework.

  • Cluster Based EA-PATM Protocol for Energy Consumption in Hierarchical WSNs   Order a copy of this article
    by Meenatchi SS, Prabu Sevagan 
    Abstract: Consumption of energy by the sensor node in wireless sensor node is the main criteria affecting the wireless sensor network. The message transmission of wireless sensor network requires high power consumption and quality of service, which affects the energy consumption in WSN. To overcome the criteria the energy consumption of node is reduced by the proposed EA-PATM protocol. The proposed protocol consists of pillar k-mean clustering method to cluster the network in to set of nodes. For the selection of cluster heads, the ant lion optimization algorithm check the clustered node for effective QoS parameters. Ant lion is a nature inspired optimization algorithm proposed in this paper to generate cluster head for the evaluation of energy consumption in the WSN. The TDMA based MAC protocol is proposed in the paper to evaluate the energy consumed in transmission of information from one cluster node to other during routing. The proposed formulation offer a stable definition for estimating the quality of service performance of network and hence by consuming less energy in wireless sensor network. The proposed technique is carried out in network simulator and the results are plotted in terms of processing energy, nodes remaining energy and QoS parameters such as packet delivery ratio, packet loss ratio, delay, latency, throughput and overheads. From the concluded results, it clearly mentioned that the proposed EA-PATM protocol is an efficient method for consumption of sensor node processing energy and quality of service in wireless sensor networks.
    Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN); Ant Lion Optimization Algorithm; Pillar K- means Clustering; TDMA based MAC; Network Simulator; Quality of Service (QoS).

  • A novel feature extraction approach for tumor Detection and Classification of data based on Hybrid SP Classifier   Order a copy of this article
    by Nandha Gopal, Roheet Bhatnagar 
    Abstract: This paper deals with how to identify the cancer affected region of the brain. There have been many tools and techniques such as SOM (Self Organizing Map), PSVM (Proximal Support Vector Machine) classifiers, discovered to find out the cancer affected region in the brain. There is a rapid growth in the brain tumour cases in the recent past. Technology failed to find out the root cause behind it. Recent reports reveal that different types of brain tumours can be treated either through surgery or in rare cases, with radiation. The role of image segmentation in identifying and the treatment of brain tumours are enormous, because image segmentation will help to find out the volume and the growth of the tumours using the techniques like human edge correction, outer edge coloring and inter active thresholds holdings. In order to reduce the human error and to get the accurate results in MRI images there is an urgent need to find out an automatic or semi automatic method for the classification of brain tumor images .Finally a system called Hybrid SP classifier has been developed for the detection and classification of brain cancer, this type of mechanisms uses a system dependent actions to find the block and different types of brain tumours. It also makes the use of some of the mechanisms like Image enhancement, segmentation and Equalization of histogram.
    Keywords: Image processing; Segmentation; Medical Image;.

  • DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT RECONFIGURABLE NETWORKS (WORN-DEAR) FOR BAN IN IOT ENVIRONMENT (BIOT)   Order a copy of this article
    by Kumaresan P, Prabukumar M 
    Abstract: Embedded Systems are pervasive with the advent of Internet of Things. This has led smart devices to be omnipotent. In future, this will convert any object (living, non-living, smart devices) into smarter devices which finds applications in an unimaginable way. Even though the technology becomes omnipotent, several research problems arise in design and implementation. Problems such as energy consumption, security, quality of information, performance and intelligence are needed to be addressed when it is applied in the health care system, wireless communication, defence, agriculture and so on. Here, we have concentrated on the Low Power Health Care System based on Body Area Networks (BAN) in which the technology embeds the Body Area Networks with Internet of Things (IOT) which can be jointly coined as BIOT (BAN Internet of Things). BIOT finds application as wearable devices for monitoring and care giving systems for patients. Due to BIOTs nature of omnipotent application in the health care, maintaining its life time remains in the darker side of the research. To overcome this problem, a new algorithm for the BIOT called WORN (Wake - On Reconfigurable Networks) has been proposed. The proposed algorithm works on the DEAR (Distance Energy Adaptive Rule) rule sets. This algorithm calculates distance based on RSSI and selects frequency using DEAR rule sets for minimum energy. It has been tested with different transceivers on different architectures. The results obtained from different testbeds have shown a 20-30%of increase in lifetime of the BIOT network. By increasing the life time of the devices, BIOT with WORN-DEAR power model will be the bridge between the human and the machine Interface.
    Keywords: BAN; IOT; BIOT; WORN; DEAR; RECONFIGURABLE NETWORKS; NETWORK LIFETIME.

  • A HIGH PERFORMANCE COGNITIVE FRAMEWORK (SIVA SELF INTELLIGENT VERSATILE AND ADAPTIVE) FOR HETEROGENOUS ARCHITECTURE IN IOT ENVIRONMENT   Order a copy of this article
    by Yokesh Babu Sundaresan, Saleem Durai M A 
    Abstract: The advent of the Internet of Things in todays technology brings automation to the footsteps of every human. But still the technology is in darker side when it is required to implement machine learning on Internet of Things for the intelligent detection. Several Machine learning algorithms like Artificial Neural Networks, Support Vector Machines, Deep learning Algorithms are applied for bringing the Cognitive aspects in the Internet of Things. But these machine learning algorithms finds their application in face recognition, emotion recognitions etc., on the hardware. Still there is a need for developing low power, high accurate, more intelligent machine learning framework for embedded architectures when they are used for dynamic inputs in health care solutions. Hence we propose a framework named SIVA (Self Intelligent Versatile and Adaptive) for dynamic inputs in IOT based health care solutions. This framework is based on Neural Network and Cognitive rule sets for self learning and adaptability. The proposed learning algorithm works on self adaptive principles which make the framework suitable for the biomedical wearable devices for dynamic inputs. This framework has been evaluated for different biomedical sensors and embedded heterogeneous architectures. Various performance parameters viz. recognition rate, accuracy, execution time and energy are measured and analysed. The results indicate that the framework not only have superiority on complexity, but also have low power consumption over existing neural network and svm algorithms.
    Keywords: SIVA; iot; svm; cognitive rule sets; deep learning; self-adaptive.

  • Encrypted Image based Data Hiding Technique Using Elliptic Curve ElGamal Cryptography   Order a copy of this article
    by JAYANTHI RAMASAMY, John Singh K 
    Abstract: Most of the data hiding techniques used RSA based encryption algorithms for encrypting the images and the messages. However, the security provided by elliptic key cryptography is higher with a lower size key than the RSA algorithm. Therefore, a new image encryption scheme which can be reversed during decryption is proposed in this paper which uses an elliptic curve key based ElGamal encryption scheme for effective data hiding in images. Moreover, it uses the difference scheme available in the existing work for data hiding of images. Form the experiments conducted in this work, it is proved that the proposed scheme is more efficient with respect to security and it reduces the computation complexity when it is compared with other related schemes.
    Keywords: Elliptic key cryptography; ElGamal encryption; Data hiding; Difference expansion; Encrypted image; Public key cryptography.

  • Design of CMOS Full Subtractor using 10T for Object Detection Application   Order a copy of this article
    by M. Mahaboob Basha, K. Venkata Ramanaiah, P. Ramana Reddy 
    Abstract: This paper presents the design of full subtractor (FS), which is able to operate at low voltage and low power. In this method, 2 XOR gates with 1 MUX circuit are used to design the 10T full subtractor in 45nm CMOS technology. In this paper, Low Cost Thresholded Full Subtractor (LCTFS) method is presented to utilize the subtractor circuit with minimum number of transistors, which is mostly used in digital circuits and high-speed applications. Multi threshold CMOS (MTCMOS) circuit is introduced in FS to avoid the thresholding problem. From this subtractor, Restoring Array Divider (RAD) is designed for object detection application. Simulation results have shown that with the help of LCTFS circuit, area, power, delay and power delay product have minimized in LCTFS, RAD, and object detection application with compared to the conventional methods.
    Keywords: Full subtractor; Multi threshold CMOS; Integer restoring divider; Area; Power; Delay;.

  • An Efficient Raindrop Parameter Estimation using Image Processing   Order a copy of this article
    by Pandharinath Appasaheb Ghonge, Kushal R. Tuckley 
    Abstract: Nowadays, image processing algorithms play a key role in the rain drop distribution estimation. This paper deals with Number of drops and Drop size distribution and its volume in particular time. We are using the raindrop image to calculate the amount of rainfall in a particular time. The proposed Image Processing based Rain Drop Parameter Estimation (IPRDPE) by using Double-Density Dual-Tree DWT (DDDT DWT) and thresholding based segmentation. By using effective image fusion technique, rain drop images from different angles are fused and using segmentation and morphological operations raindrop parameters estimated. To get better fused output max-based effective image fusion rules are used. The system using advanced image fusion technique and estimation for rain drop parameter, produce more accuracy and error free system compared to the existing techniques and also achieved better accuracy with respect to the real-time measurement.
    Keywords: Raindrop image; Double-Density Dual-Tree Discrete wavelet transform; segmentation; image processing based rain drop parameter estimation;.

  • IDENTIFICATION OF PERSON OR DATA USING MODIFIED SQUARE BLOCKWISE APPROACH   Order a copy of this article
    by Denslin Braja R, Dharun V. S. 
    Abstract: Nowadays authentication is important to identify the originality of a person or document. Visual Secret Sharing scheme is one of the best methods to provide authentication without any complex computations. In this paper, we proposed novel method called modified square blockwise approach to generate shares. Here the personage photo or any biometric data can be used as an authenticated image. This approach will generate two shares, one share is printed on identity card and the other one is stored on database. To verify the originality of a document or a person, first receive the identity card and scan or take a photo of the share. Now this share is compared with the stored one, if it is reveal the authenticated image then it is accepted, otherwise simply rejected. This approach is used to authenticate any confidential data such as medical document, bank details and administration details also. Using this approach, we can restrict the use of confidential documents without knowing the originality of the document.
    Keywords: Authentication; Modified square blockwise approach; Visual Secret Sharing.

  • Grouping of Users based on User Navigation Behavior using Supervised Association Rule Tree Mining User Clusters based on User Navigation Behavior using Supervised Association Rule Tree Mining   Order a copy of this article
    by GeethaRamani .R, Revathy .P, Lakshmi .B 
    Abstract: In this internet world, an increased interest of users in the search of World Wide Web results in wide relevance of Web Mining, which is an application of Data Mining. According to the type of data to be mined, web mining is broadly classified into three categories namely web content mining, web usage mining and web structure mining. Clustering has been widely used for web usage mining. One of the major challenges in the study of clustering is finding the initial cluster center and the number of clusters to be generated. This is overcome in this work by grouping of users based on the target class value. The benchmark dataset MSNBC is collected for msnbc.com and news-related portions of msn.com for the entire day of September, 28, 1999. Supervised Association Rule Tree mining is used to find the frequent itemset for the targeted class value and thus generating "if then rules". Users are automatically clustered based on the rules satisfying the ground truth, resulting in 36 clusters in two iterations. The results revealed that the renowned clustering algorithms such as K-Means takes 22 iterations for forming 36 clusters, wherein the proposed work generates 36 clusters in two iterations efficiently with less computation.
    Keywords: Clustering algorithm; Data Mining; MSNBC; Web usage mining; Supervised Association Rule Tree Mining.

  • Integrated cloud based risk assessment model for Continuous Integration   Order a copy of this article
    by VIJAYAKUMAR .K, Arun .C 
    Abstract: During the development stages of a software application or product there is a natural tendency to focus on the functional aspects rather than the architectural, security aspects. In the current age of changing dynamics in Internet and mobility environments the risks in the areas of application being deployed and faces a critical security threat is very high. Its always better to prevent than react. With the advent of the technology and practices like continuous integration and dev ops are gaining importance it would be very meaningful for implementation of such framework as it would help in continuous risk assessment during the application development stages itself. This conference paper provides a novel framework through which can implement a continuous risk assessment approach on the software development projects for cloud based scenarios.
    Keywords: Cloud Security; Risk Assessment; Cloud Migration; Continuous Risk Assessment.

  • A Secured Cloud Storage Auditing with Empirical Outsourcing of Key Updates   Order a copy of this article
    by Vijayakumar K, Suchitra S, Swathi Shri P 
    Abstract: Cloud Computing is emerging and considered next generation architecture for computing. Cloud storage auditing is regarded as a prominent feature to validate the integrity of the data in public cloud. The key exposure resistance is a vital issue in various security applications. The current cloud storage auditing models require the client to update his secret keys in each time period which bring in local burdens to the client. The aim of the project is to make the key updates transpicuous to the client and present a new model for auditing cloud storage with verifiable outsourcing of key updates. In this model, the key updates are outsourced to a third party auditor (TPA) who reduces the local burden on the client. The third party auditor (TPA) is accountable for both cloud storage auditing and safe key updates. The TPA holds an encrypted version of the clients secret key. The client decrypts the secret key, generates authenticators for the file and uploads these files along with authenticators to the cloud. In our design, we employ the Multi Key Encryption Algorithm to achieve faster key updates, short key size and to proficiently encrypt the secret keys. In addition, the TPA will audit whether the files in cloud are stored correctly by a challenge-response protocol between it and the cloud at regular time. The proposed paradigm permits the client to authenticate the validity of the encrypted secret key produced by the third party auditor for uploading data to the cloud. These prominent features are considered to make the entire cloud storage auditing technique as transpicuous as possible for the client.
    Keywords: Cloud Computing; Encryption; Decryption; Multi Key Encryption Algorithm.

  • FUZZY LOGICS ASSOCIATED WITH NEURAL NETWORKS IN INTELLIGENT CONTROL FOR BETTER WORLD   Order a copy of this article
    by Prabhakar .G, D. Arul Dalton, Kamakshi .P, K. Sai Prasad 
    Abstract: Now a days technology is growing wide spread with innovate taught. Day by day changes are made to technology. Fast growing area in computer sciences is Neural Networks. Neural Network is a computer system modeled on the human brain and human nervous system. Neural Networks sometimes referred to as artificial human brain. Human Brain is transformed to plastic brain by neural networks. Neural Networks are formed by interconnecting the number of information cells to process information. There is no guarantee that the system can work for all type of tasks. It may sometimes fail for certain tasks. To perform actions as humans, it is referred to fuzzy-logics. This topic teaches how computers can work as humans. This paper deals with fuzzy logic applications in the real world. Neural networks, computational intelligence techniques, intelligent control, instrument and robotics include fuzzy logics to perform the action in easier way.
    Keywords: fuzzy-logics; Neural Networks; Computational intelligence; intelligent control.

  • A Survey on Resource Allocation Strategies in Cloud   Order a copy of this article
    by Chenni Kumaran J, Aramudhan .M 
    Abstract: Cloud computing has turned into age innovation that has tremendous possibilities in endeavors and markets. Cloud can make it conceivable to get to applications and related information from anyplace. Organizations can lease assets from cloud for capacity and other computational purposes so that their framework cost can be lessened fundamentally. Facilitate they can make utilization of vast access to applications, in view of pay-as-you-go display. Henceforth there is no requirement for getting licenses for individual items. Be that as it may one of the real pitfalls in distributed computing is identified with enhancing the assets being designated. On account of the uniqueness of the model, asset distribution is performed with the target of limiting the expenses related with it. Alternate difficulties of asset portion are taking care of client requests and application prerequisites. In this paper, different asset portion methodologies and their difficulties are talked about in detail. It is trusted that this paper would profit both cloud clients and analysts in defeating the difficulties confronted.
    Keywords: cloud computing; cloud services; Resource allocation.

  • A File Sharing System in Peer-to-Peer Network by a Nearness-Sensible Method   Order a copy of this article
    by Vimal .S, Srivatsa S.K 
    Abstract: For a comprehensive Peer-to-Peer file sharing system dynamic file query is substantial where its performance can be enhanced by clustering of peer that can also considerably improve the efficiency. Depending upon physical nearness and peer interest peers are clustered in current work. File replication algorithm has been employed that creates replicas for the requested file to enhance the efficiency. Compared to unstructured P2P the efficiency is high for structured P2P which is difficult to analyze because of their rigid topology. We have developed Nearness and Interested Cluster (NIC) super peer network to improve the efficiency of file location in current years for P2P system but few works rely on peer interest and physical nearness. Various methods have been used to improve intra-sub-cluster searching. Here the interest is categorized into sub-interest then they are linked according to common-interest. File searching delay is minimized where an overlay is built to link. Flower filter is employed to enhance the efficiency and reduce the overhead. On comparing Nearness Sensible I-clustered System with other system the efficiency has been traced. The effect of enhancing the efficiency using intra-sub-cluster searching is observed in experimental results.
    Keywords: File Replication; Peer to Peer Networks; Flower Filter mechanism.

  • Stimulated RR MAC Protocol for Power Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks   Order a copy of this article
    by Kirubakaran M.K., Sankarram N. 
    Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks is a collection of sensor nodes scattered across a habitat of interest to collect crucial information from the habitat. The application of these networks is enormous, ranging from video surveillance, medical device monitoring, air traffic control, robot control, target monitoring, border protection, disaster assessments etc. Since the nodes in wireless sensor networks remain in the habitat for long duration, it is necessary they utilize the battery mounted onboard very efficiently. Research has grown along this area where in many protocols are being proposed in order to enable the nodes use the energy efficiently. This paper proposes one such protocol Stimulated RR MAC protocol and discusses its benefits and performance over other existing protocols.
    Keywords: Channel allocation; Channel capacity Multipath channels; Multicast protocols; Wireless communication.

  • MITIGATION OF DDOS THREAT TO SERVICE ATTAINABILITY IN CLOUD PREMISES   Order a copy of this article
    by Shiny Duela, Uma Maheswari P 
    Abstract: Cloud environment provides users with amicable services that help them to attain their organizational and personal goals. The cloud users are provided with immense resources as they require by exploiting the scalability and openness feature of the distributed environment. The heterogeneity masking is an added advantage that facilitates the customers with dissimilar resources to communicate with each other by having common agreed standards. The service models rendered by the cloud on pay as you go basis assist the customers to have large-scale business deals so that the investment to carry out such deals diminishes. To enable full-time availability of such resources, the cloud users should have access to the necessary applications and data when and wherever needed with internet connectivity. The scenario of availability of service differs from the goal of Cloud Service Provider whenever the end user suffers from unavailability and delay of promised services. This is due to Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) attack where the illegitimate users on cloud who always generate different kinds of bots and zombies to disrupt or breakdown service availability by means of flooding the network and consumption of large network assets. To overcome such scenario, a DDOS Detection Algorithm (DDA) is proposed that trace out the existing attack by employing Action-based Monitoring (AM) approach on the incoming traffic, resource consumption and header information parameters after which the Human Discovery Algorithm (HDA) is implemented by performing a Turing test targeting on human so that bots could be segregated from the normal user. The Supervisor Self Learning Algorithm (SSLA) is another mitigation test that allows future bots to be isolated by referring to the previous attack patterns of bots. This model has shown improvement in terms of client success ratio, load balancing, and detection, prevention and mitigation of DDOS attack with respect to time.
    Keywords: Bots; Denial of service; openness; scalability; zombies; availability.

  • Students Performance Analysis System Using Cumulative Predictor Algorithm   Order a copy of this article
    by DafniRose J, VIJAYAKUMAR K, Sakthivel Srinivasan 
    Abstract: The recent trends in the IT industry indicates that it is moving towards automation to do mundane tasks and the expectations for students already equipped with good programming skills is on the rise. In parallel, there arehas been a rising number of students who find it difficult to attain the skills necessary in order to get the dream IT job they desire. The aim of this project is to bridge the gap between the employer and the future employee of the company by the use of SPAS at college level.Student Performance Analysis System (SPAS) is an online web application system which enables students to know prior hand if their level of skills for the placement is enough to get placed or not, given the necessary inputs.SPAS has an intelligent learning algorithm which utilizes a rich database, analyses the records of previous students traits and develops a model for further prediction.The performance evaluation of students by SPAS is by the cumulative predictor algorithm involving generation of several random forest trees on the available data. SPAS learns and creates its model reaching higher accuracy with increasing data availability.
    Keywords: Educational Data mining; decision tree (J48); Naïve Bayes’ classifier; JRip algorithm; bagging method; standard deviation; infogain; entropy gain.

  • A Hybrid Algorithm for efficient Task Scheduling in Cloud Computing Environment   Order a copy of this article
    by Roshni .T, Uma Maheswari, Bijolin Edwin 
    Abstract: Cloud is a boon to the generation which provides services that can reduce the overhead in maintenance and computational complexities.Scheduling the users job in the cloud resources plays an important role for the better performance. Task scheduling is an NP-Hard problem, since it may have more than one solution to fit in. In this paper a hybrid algorithm is proposed by the amalgamation of Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization named as ABPS algorithm. The proposed ABPS algorithm optimizes the task scheduling on the cloud environment by providing minimized makespan, cost, and maximized resource utilization and to balance the load. The experiments were simulated using cloudSim tool and the ABPS algorithm results outperform the original ABC and PSO algorithm. The comparative study proves the performance of the proposed ABPS algorithm over the original ABC and PSO algorithm.
    Keywords: Cloud Computing; Task Scheduling; ABC algorithm; PSO algorithm; Makespan; Cost; Load Balancing; Resource Utilization.

  • A Survey on Contrastive Opinion Summarization   Order a copy of this article
    by Lavanya SK 
    Abstract: Contrastive OpinionSummarization (COS) is jointly generating summaries for two entities in order to highlight their differences based on the features.COS comprises of feature extraction, Sentiment prediction and summarization.Recently, the research focus in COS has been in using semantics associated with words and multi-word expressions to shift from syntactic to semantic level. This survey paper covers different methods used forfeature extraction, various similarity measures and different types of summarization. In addition to these, various datasets and performance measures are also addressed. Finally, future research directions are also suggested.
    Keywords: Opinion mining; Feature based opinion summarization; Feature extraction; Sentiment prediction,Contrastive Opinion Summarization (COS).

  • ANALYSIS OF HEURISTIC BASED MULTILEVEL THRESHOLDING METHODS FOR IMAGE SEGMENTATION USING R PROGRAMMING   Order a copy of this article
    by Suresh .K, Sakthi .U 
    Abstract: The conventional way in analyzing image segmentation algorithms manually is difficult since it requires a lot of human effort in keeping all data for analysis. Various heuristic algorithms are bundled with Otsus and Kapurs objective function in finding optimal fitness and quality segmentation. In this work Otsus and Kapurs objective function are bundled with heuristics such as Harmony Search Optimization (HSO) and Electro Magnetic Optimization (EMO) to compare the solution accuracy of segmented images In order to statistically analyze such algorithms, an automated tool is developed which takes an input image of any image category under consideration and extracts the segmentedfitness values and quality parameters of the image. The extracted values are stored in a central database server constrained with image type, image category, methodology and heuristic used, no of thresholds and quality parameters. The central repository information is fed into data mining and data analytic tools to statistically rank the segmentation algorithms.
    Keywords: Otsu &Kapur Objective function; Electro-magnetic Optimization; Harmony Search Optimization; Rank test.

  • Aggregated Clustering for Grouping of Users based on Web Page Navigation Behavior Aggregated Clustering for User Grouping   Order a copy of this article
    by GeethaRamani .R, Revathy .P, Lakshmi B 
    Abstract: In this epoch, a significant amount of patterns are retrieved using data mining techniques. Application of data mining techniques to the World Wide Web is referred as Web Mining. Clustering is one of the data mining technique that plays an vital role in the field of Web mining. This paper works on the server logs from the MSNBC dataset for the month of September 1999. Users with the average access length of 6 are used for analysis. This research aims to cluster the user based on their navigation behavior. An iterative aggregated clustering is proposed, in which various clustering algorithms such as EM clustering, Farthest First, K-Means Clustering, Density based cluster, Filtered cluster are applied on the dataset. The resultant clusters from various algorithms are aggregated correspondingly and the frequency of instances in each cluster is determined. If frequency of a instance in a cluster is greater than or equal to two-third majority, then the instance is grouped in that cluster. The work revealed that the system guaranteed to cluster 91% of users in the first iteration under 17 clusters for each page category and 99% of users are clustered in the subsequent iterations in another 17 clusters and rest of the users are grouped as one cluster, resulting in 35 hard clusters. The proposed framework is believed to serve in clustering user groups there by enabling suitable customized web environment.
    Keywords: Clustering algorithm; Data mining; MSNBC; Web usage mining; Hard Clusters.

  • Unified Dynamic Texture Segmentation System based on Local and Global Spatiotemporal Techniques   Order a copy of this article
    by Shilpa Paygude, Vibha Vyas 
    Abstract: Dynamic Texture (DT) is temporal extension of static texture. There are two broad types of dynamic textures: Natural and Manmade. The examples of dynamic textures are waving tree, sea water, fountain, traffic, moving crowd etc. Dynamic Texture Segmentation is a technique used to separate the moving objects from stationary content in the video. Majority of the techniques give good results either for natural or for manmade dynamic textures. The proposed approach for DT Segmentation is combination of Local Spatiotemporal Technique i.e. Local Binary Pattern-Weber Local Descriptor and Global Spatiotemporal Technique i.e. Contourlet Transform. The local spatiotemporal technique considers the appearance and motion of the object for segmentation. The technique is computationally less complex than optical flow and gives good results for manmade dynamic textures. The Global spatiotemporal technique is based on Laplacian Pyramid and Directional Filters. It gives good results for natural dynamic textures. The proposed technique discussed in this paper is unified approach for any type of Dynamic Texture. The regions of images commonly segmented by both the techniques are considered as the final segmented output. The proposed system works equally well on any kind of Dynamic Texture.
    Keywords: Dynamic Texture; Segmentation; Optical Flow; LBP-WLD-OF; Contourlet Transform; Unified Approach.

  • Enhanced H-ABE-R and T-ABKS for Cloud Computing Environment   Order a copy of this article
    by Rachel .N, C. R. Rene Robin 
    Abstract: For a data owner (patient) wants to share his health data, data which is extremely sensitive in nature and when he wishes to maintain privacy it is common for data owners to encrypt the data. Sharing encrypted data leads to difficulties in key management (traditional PKI infrastructure).Boneh et al[4] first put forth identity based encryption that helped alleviate those problems. However, Identity based encryption did not provide solutions for revocation users in a multi-user setting. The problem was tackled by Li et al[6]. In the first half of our work, we propose an novel attribute based encryption, a further extension of Identity based encryption that allows roles or policies to be defined over a set of attributes and propose a Hybrid Attribute based Encryption with Revocation (H-ABE-R) which is more suitable for multi-user hospital settings as it allows us to give permissions to access data for short periods of time. We then propose a Time & Attribute based keyword search (T-ABKS). We use Dynamic Bloom filters (DBF) for to represent dynamic datasets(datasets which reflect details like blood sugar, blood pressure tend to change every day) and discuss a framework for searching over masked bloom filters. Further by masking of random numbers the DBF we provide security(S-DBF) and prevent from correlation attacks. We check our algorithm and and prove our scheme comparably efficient.
    Keywords: Verifiable Computation; keyword search; Attribute Based Encryption; Revocation.

Special Issue on: ICCD-2017 Internet of Things, Big Data and Machine Learning

  • Evaluation Research on Green Degree of Equipment Manufacturing Industry Based on Improved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm   Order a copy of this article
    by Rong Wang, Ying Wang 
    Abstract: In order to improve the sustainable development of equipment manufacturing industry, the improved particle swarm algorithm is applied in evaluating green degree of equipment manufacturing industry. Firstly, the green degree evaluation system of equipment manufacturing industry is constructed, and evaluation index system is established. Secondly, the basic theory of particle swarm algorithm and the improved particle swarm algorithm are studied basing on analysis of disadvantages of traditional particle swarm algorithm. Thirdly, the analysis procedure of improved particle swarm algorithm is designed. Finally, equipment manufacturing industry in a province is used as a researching object, the green degree evaluation of equipment manufacturing industry in this province is carried out, and results show that this algorithm can improve evaluation level of green degree of equipment manufacturing industry.
    Keywords: green degree; equipment manufacturing industry; improved particle swarm algorithm.

Special Issue on: ICICT2018 Advances in Intelligent Information Communication Technologies

  • Multi-Criteria Clustering-based Recommendation using Mahalanobis distance   Order a copy of this article
    by Mohammed Wasid, Rashid Ali 
    Abstract: There have been significant advances made in the research of recommender systems over the past decades and have been implemented in both industry and academia. Recently, multi-criteria ratings are being incorporated into traditional recommender systems to further improve their quality, especially to handle the data sparsity and cold start issues. However, incorporation of multi-criteria ratings have improved the performance of the recommendation, but at the same time, multidimensionality issue is also arises. This paper presents a clustering based recommendation approach which is used for dealing with the multi-dimensionality issue in multi-criteria recommender systems. Here, we cluster the users based on their individual criteria ratings using K-means cluster-ing and the intra-cluster similarity is computed using Mahalanobis distance measure for neighborhood set gen-eration. This improves the recommendations quality and predictive accuracy of both traditional and clustering-based collaborative recommendations. The Yahoo! Movies dataset was used for testing the approach and the experiment conducted shows promising results.
    Keywords: Recommender systems; RS; Collaborative filtering; CF; Mahalanobis distance; MD; K-Means clustering; Multi-criteria.

  • Fast Algorithm of Image Enhancement based on Multi-Scale Retinex   Order a copy of this article
    by Alexander Zotin 
    Abstract: In this paper, a fast image enhancement algorithm based on Multi-Scale Retinex in HSV color model is presented. The proposed algorithm produces the result similar to the one which uses a nonlinear processing in the HSV color model, but with less computational cost. It uses linear dependencies of RGB colors from the V-component of HSV model. Additionally, to speed up the images processing and enhance the local contrast is suggested to perform Multi-Scale Retinex (MSR) computation only in the low-frequency area obtained by the wavelet transform. Experimental research was performed on more than 100 color images having non-uniform brightness. Different algorithms based on Retinex technology were implemented and their performance was compared. The proposed way of output image color formation allows to reduce processing time by 30-75%, depending on the image size. The experimental data show that the usage of the wavelet transform in proposed MSR algorithm additionally leads to 2-2.8 times increase in processing speed.
    Keywords: Color image enhancement; Retinex; MSR; Multi-Scale Retinex; Color space; HSV; Wavelet transform;.

  • Exchanging Deep knowledge for fault diagnosis using ontologies   Order a copy of this article
    by Xilang Tang, Mingqing Xiao, Bin Hu, Dongqing Pan 
    Abstract: To improve the development efficiency of automated diagnosis equipment (ADE) and ensure the generality of ADE software, this paper proposes a novel method to exchange deep knowledge of systems under diagnosis (SUD) using ontologies. A general framework of knowledge base combining test information model and diagnosis information model is proposed. The diagnosis information model is decomposed into structure model and function model. The structure model describes the connectivity of adjacent components as well as the structural hierarchy, and the function model describes behavior of modules by mapping input signals into output signals. Moreover, the method to locate the fault based on the proposed knowledge base is introduced. Finally, a case study for guiding system of passive-radar guidance missile is carried out to illustrate our proposed method. The practice shows that our method can achieve the object well
    Keywords: fault diagnosis; test; knowledge; ontology; reasoning.

  • Multistage approach for automatic spleen segmentation in MRI sequences   Order a copy of this article
    by Antonia Mihaylova, Veska Georgieva, Plamen Petrov 
    Abstract: Most of the known methods of segmentation of the abdominal organs are not automated for the whole series of images or are semi-automatic and require additional intervention by the user. This is typical for cases where the difference in intensity of the gray level between the subject and the background is small. A typical example of this is the spleen and adjacent tissue in unconstrained MR images. This paper presents a multistage approach for spleen segmentation from MRI-sequences. It is based on segmentation methods such as active contours without edges and k-mean clustering. The proposed approach consists of some basic stages. The first stage is pre-processing, based on image enhancement and morphological operation. Two atlas models are created, which are used in the initial image to define the initial contour at which the segmentation begins. The initial image is semi-automatic segmented using the created atlas models. The sequence is then automatic segmented, dividing it in two parts (before and after the initial middle image) and using the segmentation of the previous image. The proposed approach allows extracting the spleen in the different depth images, which has a variable form and unstable position. The conducted experiments are showing the robustness of the proposed approach. The obtained results demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach for application in screening diagnostics.
    Keywords: Segmentation of Spleen; Segmentation of MRI sequences; Automatic Segmentation.

  • Classification of Radar Non-Homogenous Clutter Based on Statistical Features Using Neural Network   Order a copy of this article
    by Thamir Saeed, Ghufran Hatem, Jafar Abdul Sadah 
    Abstract: This paper presents a robust clutter classifier based on the neural network to assist the radar receiver by choosing optimal constant false alarm rate. Where this classifier has been trained for sixteen class, four radar return distribution with different situations. The return radar signal distributions are Rayleigh, Weibull, lognormal and K- distribution, while the situations are, Signal, Multi-, Closed Multi-target, and clutter edge. Multi-layer perceptron with back-propagation as a neural network with seven features, Mean, Variance, Mode, Kurtosis, Skewness, Median, and Entropy, have been used to classify the return signal. A Least mean square error is used to evaluate the classifier performance. The simulation is evaluated for the Signal to clutter ration from +35dB to -35 dB, with 5-20 neurons of the hidden layer, and 60-360 samples. By performing, the Optimization has been gained by using 240 samples and 20 neurons then lead to 98.1 % return signal classification
    Keywords: Clutter Classifier; CFAR; Radar; and Non-homogenous clutter; statistical Features.

  • Development of a sit-to-stand assistance chair for elderly people   Order a copy of this article
    by Ari Aharari, Won-Seok Yang 
    Abstract: According to the survey on the actual situation of elderly persons at home or nursing home care, the first item after concerning about disease under treatment is Weak legs and difficulties to stand from the chair. Muscle strength further decreases with aging and make feeling burden when standing from chair. Also, people who are suffering from secondary symptoms such as bedsores and keep sitting in a chair for a long time are on the rise. The most burdensome for elderly persons when trying to stand up from the chair is to bear the weight themselves. In this paper, we introduce Rakutateru which is specially designed to support elderly persons to easily stand up from the chair and keep people to more active and independent. We also evaluate the validity of an assist unit which is contained inside the lower part of the Rakutateru surface.
    Keywords: Assist chair; Elderly support chair; Lifting unit.

  • Onboard Reasoning and Other Applications of the Logic-Based Approach to the Moving Objects Intelligent Control   Order a copy of this article
    by Andrey Tyugashev 
    Abstract: This article provides the theoretical background and practical case studies of the application of reasoning and other logic-based approaches to the moving objects control. Modern moving objects, both manned and unmanned, utilize computers as their onboard brain. Since planes, spacecraft, cars, trucks and trains must demonstrate flexible and safe behavior in various situations, it seems prospective to use intelligent control means instead of rigid control logic dispersed in a program source code. This article is concerned with the possible implementation of onboard intelligence. In contrast to the popular use of neural networks, the logic-based approach is based on clear and exact control rules with strict responsibility. Thus, formal specification and verification methods can be utilized. The article describes the Real-Time Control Algorithm Logic (RTCAL) for the above-mentioned purposes. We also present case studies of reasoning at the design and operation stages for providing the fault tolerant control of a spacecraft.
    Keywords: Moving objects control; logic; intelligent control; reasoning; Real-Time Control Algorithm; flight control software.

Special Issue on: Modeling as a Service for Designing and Analyzing QoS-Oriented Information, Data and Knowledge Systems

  • Machine Learning Methods Against False Data Injection In Smart Grid   Order a copy of this article
    by MOHAMED HAMLICH 
    Abstract: The false data injection in the power grid is a major risk for a good and safety functioning of the smart grid. The False data detection with conventional methods are incapable to detect some false measurements, to remedy this, we have opted to use machine learning which we used Five classifiers to conceive an effective detection (k-nearest neighbor algorithm "KNN", Random trees, Random forest decision trees, multi-layer perceptron and vector support machine). Our analyze are validated by experiments on a physical bus feeding system performed on PSS / in which we have developed a data set for real measurement. Afterward we worked with Matlab software to construct false measurements according to the Jacobean matrix of the state estimation. We tested the collected data with different classification algorithms, which gives good and satisfactory results.
    Keywords: smart grid; state estimation; false data injection; machine learning.