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International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems

 

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International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems (44 papers in press)

 

Regular Issues

 

  • Parallel K-Means Algorithm based on Two Stage Clustering of Large Data   Order a copy of this article
    by Xia Wendong, Liu Yuanfeng, Chen Deli 
    Abstract: Aiming at the fact that the algorithm communication time occupation ratio is too high and the practical application value is limited under the Mapreduce mechanism, a Hadoop-based two stage parallel c-Means clustering algorithm is proposed to solve the classification problem of super large data. First, the Hadoop-based two stage parallel fuzzy c-Means clustering algorithm is proposed to process the clustering of large data; and a protocol-based group typical individual reduction strategy is used to improve the time complexity of the MPI communication model of Mapreduce, so as to improve the overall efficiency of the algorithm; secondly, the interference of bad data items can be effectively eliminated by the selective group reduction algorithm, so that the algorithm in this paper has higher operating efficiency and clustering success rate. In terms of parallel rate and speedup ratio, the parallel rate and speedup ratio of the proposed algorithm in this paper on the large data set is better than the performance of the small data set, which means that the algorithm in this paper can adjust itself according to the amount of data in real time. The simulation results show that the performance of PGR-PFCM algorithm is better in the processing of large data.
    Keywords: parallel algorithm; fuzzy clustering; K-Means; big data; two stages.

  • Glossary Applications Model for Financial Terms with Boyer-Moore-Horspool Method Based on Mobile Application   Order a copy of this article
    by Nazori Agani, Arfian Maulidan 
    Abstract: String Search or the string matching is one aspect that is very important in terms of data processing, in addition the problem string matching is also one of the problems that are well known in the world of informatics. Some examples of the implementation of the string matching problem is in matching a string in a text editor application such as Microsoft Word, or in the case of bigger, ie matching website by entering key words as it has been implemented on search engines such as Google Inc. The general process in the searching a string is looking for a string that consists of some of the characters (called pattern) in a large amount of text. Search string is also used to look for patterns of bits in a large number of binary files. Problems begin to arise if the search process occurs in a lot of data and complex, of course, this would be very time-consuming and resources owned, so the search technique effectively and efficiently will be needed. The purpose of this study is to utilize a String Matching algorithm that is by using the Boyer-Moore-Horspool in the search data is a list of financial terms. Boyer-Moore algorithm-Horspool used to search for any string precision (word or phrase) entered with a high degree of accuracy of search, because it uses pattern matching from right to left. In addition to the HTML5-based application model, application model matching string can later be run multiplatform not only on mobile devices, but also be able to run on a desktop browser.
    Keywords: String Matching; Search Engine; Boyer-Moore-Horspool; Mobile; Browser.

  • Decision Support for Grape Crop Protection Using Ontology   Order a copy of this article
    by Archana Chougule, Vijay Kumar Jha, Debajyoti Mukhopadhyay 
    Abstract: Weather based decision support for managing pests and diseases of crops requires use of Information Technology. This paper details a system developed using ontology, semantic web rule language and image processing techniques for management of pests and diseases on wines, particularly in hot tropical region of India. It aims at minimizing use of pesticides and fungicides by forecasting pests and diseases occurrence using information about meteorological conditions and its relation with pest and disease occurrence. It is named as PDMGrapes. For system knowledge base, knowledge available in different formats on grape pests and diseases is converted to ontology. Favourable meteorological conditions for pest and disease occurrences are mentioned by SWRL rules. Grapes disease identification is done using image processing techniques. The system helps grape growers to minimize side effects of pesticides on environment. The developed system is validated and verified for accuracy and performance.
    Keywords: decision support; ontology building; decision tree; semantic web rule language; grapes; nutrition management.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJRIS.2018.10012761
     
  • Double PWM Coordinated Control Based on Model Predictive Algorithm and Power Compensation   Order a copy of this article
    by Bo Fan, Ke Wang, Bowen Ding, Ning Guo 
    Abstract: With analysis on double PWM structure though systems energy flow theory, active power and reactive power of rectifier are controlled by model predictive algorithm. System adopts the method of combine dynamic powers compensation with static powers compensation for system power in order to reduce system power error. A new power compensation algorithm is proposed to designs a new controller to replace PI controller of systems voltage loop, which can restrain fluctuation of DC bus voltage when load power suddenly varies and reduces DC-links capacity of capacitance. As for inverter side, system uses the method of rotor flux linkage oriented to control three phase asynchronous motor. Results of simulation can show that, system can realize the smallest tracking error of active power and reactive power by model predictive control, and restrain fluctuation of DC bus when load power suddenly changes. As the same time, the gird currents waveform is well.
    Keywords: Model Prediction; Tracking Error; Power Compensation; Coordination Control.

  • Psychological Cognition Behavior Model Based on Reinforcement Learning   Order a copy of this article
    by Shiyong LIU, Ruosong CHANG, Sang Fu 
    Abstract: The trust relations in open systems are essentially one of the most complex social relationships, involving a variety of factors, such as hypotheses, expectations, behaviors and environment, etc., which are very difficult to have quantitative expression and forecast accuratly. The goal of the paper is to propose effectively illustrate psychological cognition behaviors using the reinforcement learning. Combined with the trust behavior of human society, an reinforcement learning model based on human trust habits is put forward: (1) Self-adaptive overall knowability decision-making method based on the historical evidence window is constructed, which not only has overcome the subjective judgment method for the determination of weights commonly used in existing models, but also can solve the knowability forecast problem when the direct evidence is insufficient; (2) The concept of reinforcement learning weighted averaging (hereinafter referred to as RLWA for short) operator is introduced, and the direct trust forecast model based on the RLWA operator is established, which can be sued to solve the problem of insufficient dynamic adaptability of the traditional forecast model. The experimental results show that, compared with the existing models, the proposed model has more robust dynamic adaptability and also significant improvement in the forecast accuracy of the model.
    Keywords: Distributed System; Information Security; Reinforcement Learning Model; Reinforcement Learning Weighted Averaging Operator.

  • Cloud Platform Load Balancing Based on Bee Colony Algorithm   Order a copy of this article
    by Fan Xue, Zhijian Wu 
    Abstract: In order to shorten the time needed to execute tasks in cloud system and maximize the utilization of available resources in the system, this article proposes the cloud platform load balancing design under the background of bee colony algorithm (ABC algorithm). First of all, puts forward the designed mathematical model, and then gives the basic algorithm of load balancing based on bee colony algorithm. In addition, in the design of the process, three experiments are respectively carried out. The first set of experiments results show that the result is stochastic and stable and the system overhead will affect the system performance; the second set of experiments results show that there is the presence of outliers, algorithm can guarantee the system to complete the system task implementation within a limited time, and the system consumption continuously rises; the third set of experiments results show that the algorithm has stability and independence, and the algorithm has stable efficiency in the range that the virtual machine can withstand; if it exceeds the range, the results will be unstable. Overall, the ABC algorithm has an effective implementation effect.
    Keywords: Bee colony algorithm; Cloud platform; Load balancing.

  • Visual Automatic Obstacle Avoidance Technology Research in Unmanned Vehicles   Order a copy of this article
    by Bo Liu, Liguang Li, Piqiang Tan, Rui Jia, Qing Liu 
    Abstract: In view of the problems of low obstacle avoidance and low efficiency in traditional unmanned vehicle in automatic obstacle avoidance, multi-feature fusion automatic obstacle avoidance method in unmanned vehicle is proposed. Optimize unmanned vehicle obstacle avoidance objective function, measure target obstacle distance, and calculate the braking distance. Based on this, unmanned vehicle dynamics model is established and the obstacle is located and determined. Multi-feature fusion design of unmanned vehicle visual automatic obstruction steps is made and finally the process of obstacle avoidance is analyzed. Experimental results show that the use of improved visual automatic obstacle avoidance technology has certain advantages in target obstacle positioning and obstacle avoidance accuracy, which are superior to those of traditional obstacle avoidance technology.
    Keywords: Vehicle; Unmanned; Visual; Automatic; Obstacle avoidance technology.

  • Adapting eSpeak to Arabic Language:Converting Arabic Text to Speech Language using eSpeak   Order a copy of this article
    by Taha Zerrouki, Mohammed M. Abu Shquier 
    Abstract: Text to speech (TTS) is a crucial tool needed in many domains, mainly for visually impaired users. The availability of TTS open sources improves access to computers and gives more valuable applications. eSpeak provides support for several languages. It is a tool that provides rules and phoneme files for more than 50 languages, besides, eSpeak is a light, fast, low memory consumption and used in multi-platforms. In this paper we have explored the possibility to adapt the existing text to speech converters into Arabic language in eSpeak. we attempt to define new text to speech conversion rules, adapting existed phonemes and adding missing phonemes for Arabic under eSpeak. The contributions are quite significant, however, the softwares developers will be able to integrated these enhancements within the new version, so that users who have problems with visual impairments or children with special needs will utilize this development of eSpeak. The availability of such support, open new fields to use arabic in TTS environment, especially for blind persons.
    Keywords: TTS; eSpeak; Mbrola; Arabic; open source.

  • Automatic Three-dimensional Sorting System based on Internet and Database   Order a copy of this article
    by Xiao-dan Zhang, Yanming Cheng 
    Abstract: Automatic three-dimensional sorting system is the core part of supply chain operation for logistics and warehousing department. It has some difficulty in design. The sorting distance and sorting time optimization in traditional sorting operation is not enough. Therefore, automatic three-dimensional sorting system based on Internet and database is designed. The system uses buffer zone and cargo moving area for cargo delivery through shelf area storage of goods, uses cargo sorting area to distinguish different logistics receiving area and different types of goods. This paper introduces goods sorting process in and out of storage using Internet agent to realize sorting control, and designs the control, negotiation and communication principle for Internet agent. At the same time SQL Server 2014 development database is selected to establish the required information entity relation graph and feature table. Experimental results show that the sorting distance and sorting time of the system are short and it can play a great role in sorting operation.
    Keywords: Automatic three-dimensional sorting system; Internet; Agent; Database; Entity relation graphrnrn.

  • Adaptive Multi-crossover Evolutionary Algorithm for Real-world Optimization Problems   Order a copy of this article
    by Moh'd Khaled Yousef Shambour 
    Abstract: Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) have been extensively used since their invention. EAs are considered as a powerful tool to solve numerous optimization problems in various fields. Their search mechanisms have been actively developed to improve their search efficiency toward global optima solutions. This study aims to investigate the effects of using different types of recombination (crossover) schemes. It introduces an adaptive version of EA called adaptive multi-crossover evolutionary algorithm (AMCEA). The proposed AMCEA offers multiple forms of heuristic crossover operators based on genetic algorithm (GA) and harmony search algorithm (HSA). The proposed technique improves the search attitude by allowing the effective utilization of exploration and exploitation strategies during the evolution process. The quality of the proposed AMCEA is evaluated on six real-world numerical optimization problems (IEEE-CEC2011), and results are compared with those obtained with five variants of GA and HSA. Results demonstrate the superiority of the AMCEA over previously improved algorithms in terms of solution quality; it achieves the lowest mean results and lowest best results in 75% and 66% of the total experiment cases, respectively.
    Keywords: Evolutionary algorithms; crossover; optimization problems; genetic algorithm; harmony search algorithm; global optima.
    DOI: 10.1504/IJRIS.2018.10016282
     
  • Temperature Aware Power Optimization based 8-bit MAC Architecture for Low Power DSP Applications   Order a copy of this article
    by Haripriya D, Govindaraju C, Sumathi M 
    Abstract: Temperature aware adaptive voltage scaling based low power 8 bit Multiplier-Accumulator (MAC) architecture for Digital Signal Processing (DSP) has been presented in this paper. Temperature increases dynamic power, static power and leakage power dissipation in the electronic circuits, hence it is mandatory to construct a circuit which minimizes the dynamic power, static power and leakage power adaptively according to the current temperature so that the performance of the overall system is not degraded much. The proposed temperature aware adaptive voltage scaling is very effective method to minimize the dynamic power, static power and leakage power consumption without degrading the performance of the system. The dynamic power consumed by the conventional MAC is 3.441mW when the temperature is 150
    Keywords: Adaptive dynamic voltage scaling; Digital signal processing; Dynamic power;; Leakage power; Multiply and accumulate; Static power; Temperature aware.

  • INCORPORATING NOUN COMPOUNDS IN DISTRIBUTIONAL-BASED SEMANTIC REPRESENTATION APPROACHES FOR MEASURING SEMANTIC RELATEDNESS   Order a copy of this article
    by Abdulgabbar Saif, Nazlia Omar, Ummi Zakiah Zainodin 
    Abstract: Identifying noun compounds in natural language documents is very important for handling their various linguistic features, such as semantic, syntactic, and pragmatic features. In this study, we introduce a knowledge-based method for incorporating noun compounds in distributional-based semantic representation approaches. Wikipedia is exploited as a knowledge resource for extracting noun compounds based on its structural features. The categories are then used to classify the extracted noun compounds as linguistic terms and named entities. Next, the look-up list technique is employed to identify the noun compounds when extracting the semantics of the terms using the corpus-based approach for semantic representation. To obtain the semantic representation, we use five well-known distributional-based approaches: latent semantic analysis (LSA), hyperspace analogue to language (HAL), correlated occurrence analogue to lexical semantic (COALS), bound encoding of the aggregate language environment (BEAGLE), and explicit semantic analysis (ESA). The proposed method was evaluated by measuring the semantic relatedness using five benchmark datasets employed in previous studies. The experimental results demonstrate that incorporating noun compounds in the distributional-based semantic representation helps to improve the semantic evidence for the relationships among words.
    Keywords: Distributional-based approach; Noun compound; Semantic analysis; Semantic relatedness.

  • Data Mining and Economic Forecasting in DW-based Economical Decision Support System   Order a copy of this article
    by Min Zhang, Rui Qi 
    Abstract: Decision demand has hierarchies for different users and the decision analysis demand in various area and field have particularity according to different topics. Since traditional MIS is hard to meet the demand of analysis and processing of growing mass data, a novel decision support system(DSS) is urgent to be proposed for decision makers. Based on data warehouse, data mining and OLAP technology, we propose a DSS with modular design, and explain the structure and key technologies of it in this article. Our study establishes multidimensional data-set for OLAP analysis to perform slicing, dicing, drilling and rotation operation. In data mining, for the problems of large data-set such as long learning time and decreasing generalization ability, an SVM accelerating algorithm based on boundary sample selection is put forward. The system test results demonstrate that the data mining has better prediction effects on economical forecasting. Therefore, the research has better practicability and higher accuracy, which shows certain value of popularization and implementation.
    Keywords: data mining; data warehouse; DSS; OLAP; SVM; Economic forecasting.

  • Toward an Automatic Summarization of Arabic Text Depending on Rhetorical Relations   Order a copy of this article
    by Samira Lagrini, Nabiha Azizi, Mohammed Redjimi, Monther Al Dwairi 
    Abstract: Rhetorical relations between two text segments are crucial information and have been proven useful for many natural language processing (NLP) applications. In this paper, we propose a supervised approach for automatic identifying of rhetorical relations in Arabic texts. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first model that attempts to identify both implicit and explicit rhetorical relations between elementary discourse units within the rhetorical structure theory (RST). To carry out this research, we developed a discourse annotated corpus following the RST framework with high reliability.Relations annotation was done using a set of 23 fine-grained relations enriched with nuclearity annotation. To automatically learn these relations, we reuse some state of the arts featuresand contribute new lexical and semantics' features. The experimental results, on fine-grained and coarse-grained relations, showed that our model achieved the best performance relative to all baselines
    Keywords: Rhetorical relations; Arabic language; Rhetorical structure theory.

  • MGA-TSP: Modernized Genetic Algorithm for the Traveling Salesman Problem   Order a copy of this article
    by Ra'ed M. Al-Khatib, Mohammed Azmi Al-Betar, Mohammed A. Awadallah, Khalid M. O. Nahar, Mohammed M. Abu Shquier, Ahmad M. Manasrah, Ahmad Bany Doumi 
    Abstract: This paper proposes a new enhanced algorithm called Modernized Genetic Algorithm for solving the Traveling Salesman Problem (MGA-TSP). Recently, the most successful evolutionary algorithm used to solve the TSP problem, is the GA algorithm. One of the main obstacles for GA is building its initial population. When initiating the GA with a strong initial population, the convergence rate and the diversity aspect will be more stronger. Therefore, in this paper, a new local search mechanism based on three neighborhood structure operators (Inverse, Insert, and Swap) along with 2-opt is utilized. This adapted neighborhood structure operators are employed to generate the initial population for GA algorithm. In addition to building powerful initial population for TSP, the main operators (i.e., crossover and mutation) of GA during the generation process should be also enhanced for TSP. Therefore, the recent and powerful crossover operator called EAX is utilized in the proposed MGA-TSP to enhance its convergence behavior. In order to validate the performance of the proposed algorithm we used TSP datasets, have different complexities and sizes. The sizes of the dataset-cities, range from 150 to 33810 cities. Initially, the impact of each neighboring operator on the performance of the proposed algorithm is studied. In conclusion, our proposed method achieved the best results. For comparative evaluation, the results obtained from our proposed MGA-TSP method is compared with those obtained by six well-regard methods using the same TSP instances. The proposed method is able to outperform other comparative methods in almost all TSP instances used.
    Keywords: Traveling Salesman Problem; Optimization; Genetic Algorithm; Neighboring Operators.

  • Version.01: Design and Development soft actuator prototype for Surgical Lighting System   Order a copy of this article
    by Sandesh Ghate, Guntis Kulikovskis 
    Abstract: Surgical luminaires are used for illumination of wounds during surgery. For optimal illumination surgical luminaries need to change their orientation several times during surgery. The aim this project is simplify and optimize the design of the surgical lighting system to overcome the structural limitation and to reduce singularity. Surgical lighting system is made up of 6 links and in order to achieve 5 Degree of freedom. This is an attempt to reduce number of linkages in SLS by introducing a bendable soft actuator. Pneumatic bending actuator made of silicone rubber undergoes the desired deformation when each chamber is pressurized. Soft actuator because of flexibility provides advantage to overcome the mechanical singularity faced by existing surgical lighting system. Mathematical model based on geometric deformation has been presented. A fourth degree polynomial approximation has been used for characterize behavior of each chamber of actuator.
    Keywords: Surgical Lighting System; Soft Actuator; Surgical Luminaries. Pneumatic Bending Actuator.

  • Intelligent control algorithm for USV with input saturation based on RBF network compensation   Order a copy of this article
    by Renqiang Wang, Jianming Sun, Hua Deng, Keyin Miao, Yue Zhao 
    Abstract: A type of intelligent control algorithm of course tracking for USV was proposed on the basis of RBF network approximation and compensation with input saturation. First of all, sliding surfaces with integrator were designed with the sliding mode variable structure control technology. Then, radial basis function neural network was applied to approximate compensate the system input saturation. Furthermore, second-order system observer was introduced to overcome the bounded outside interference. Finally, the control algorithm for USV was
    Keywords: USV motion control; intelligent control; RBF neural network; sliding mode control; saturation.

  • Application Research of Improved ICA Algorithm for Initial Population Establishment Based on Optimization Goal in Limited-buffer Flexible Flow Shop Scheduling Problem   Order a copy of this article
    by Zhonghua Han, Yue Sun, Shiyao Wang, Haibo Shi 
    Abstract: To solve the limited-buffer flexible flow shop scheduling problem (LBFFSP), the LBFFSPs mathematical model is established, and an improved imperialist competitive algorithm (IICA) is proposed as the global optimizing algorithm, which contains three modifications including the discretization processing operation, reform operation and the elite individual retention strategy over standard imperialist competitive algorithm. In order to further improve algorithm efficiency for searching the optimal solution, the initial population establishment method based on optimization objective is designed, in addition, the individual selection mechanism is added to improve initial solution quality of initial population by hamming distance. The algorithm parameters are analyzed to determine the optimum parameter values by designing the simulation experiments. Finally, the effectiveness of the improved imperialist competitive algorithm (IICA) in solving the limited-buffer flexible flow shop scheduling problems is verified in comparison with other algorithms through examples test results.
    Keywords: Limited-buffer; Improved imperialist competitive algorithm; Initial population establishment; Hamming distance.

  • Optimizing the Mining Strategy of Web Page Based on Ant Colony Algorithm of Information Entropy   Order a copy of this article
    by Meiwen Guo, Jianping Peng, Yuanping Zhang, Junxiong Zhao, Liang Wu 
    Abstract: The speed and quality for browsers to obtain page information are determined by the accuracy degree of web page information filtering. This research improved ant colony algorithm, introducing the information entropy with the ability to judge the probability of occurrence of information and adjusting its operation order. The study uses Sina homepage information from January 2017 to August as a sample, Four indexes are used to evaluate the improved algorithm, which are maximum iterations, average execution time, average error rate and error percentage. It is found that the four indexes of improved algorithm has better effect on the precision of information mining than before, and the cost of this method has not increased significantly. This algorithm is used to provide web page information layout as well as information placement strategies, so as to help website operators and web page designers to further enhance the design and operation efficiency.
    Keywords: Data Mining,Ant Colony Algorithm,Information Entropy.

  • Island-based whale optimization algorithm for continuous optimization problems   Order a copy of this article
    by Bilal Abed-alguni, Ahmad Klaib, Khalid Nahar 
    Abstract: The whale optimization algorithm (WOA) is a newly proposed evolutionaryrnalgorithm that uses a simulation model based on the bubble-net hunting mechanism of humpback whales to find solutions for different classes of optimization problems. WOA may occasionally converge to suboptimal solutions because of the loss of diversity in its population of candidate solutions. The island model is a distributed approach that is commonly used to control the population diversity in evolutionary algorithms. This paper introduces an improved version of WOA namely island-based whale optimization algorithm (iWOA) that incorporates the island model into WOA. In iWOA, the populationrnof candidate solutions is divided into separate sub-populations called islands. The improvement loop of WOA is then applied separately to the candidate solutions in each island. After a predetermined number of generations, a number of candidate solutions are swapped between islands through a process known as migration that is based on the random ring topology. The migration process is conducted to maintain the diversityrnof population and also to allow each island to exchange candidate solutions with a selected neighbouring island. The iWOA algorithm was tested and compared to well-known optimization algorithms using 18 standard benchmark functions. The simulation results indicate that iWOA improves the accuracy of results compared to WOA and other popular evolutionary algorithms.
    Keywords: Whale Optimization; Island model; Structured population; Optimization; Evolutionary algorithm.

  • Automatic absence seizure detection and early detection system using CRNN-SVM   Order a copy of this article
    by Niha Kamal Basha 
    Abstract: In this paper the new model is proposed to automatically detect and predict absence seizure using hybrid deep learning algorithm (Convolutional Recurrent Neural Network (CRNN)) with single channel electroencephalography (EEG) only as input. This model comprises of four steps 1] Single channel segmentation process 2] Extraction of relevant features using Convolution Network 3] Recurrent Network for detection and early detection and 4] SVM have been used as last layer to obtain a result with respect to time. This model enhances the feature extraction by feeding the raw input into convolutional layer, improves the detection with Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) and reduces the early detection rate with Support Vector Machine (SVM). Our proposed model achieves 100% overall accuracy on seizure detection as normal and absence seizure and detect within 3 seconds of the overall seizure duration. This model can also be act as a generic model for classification of all Bio-signal (EEG, ECG and EMG).
    Keywords: Absence seizure; Convolutional Recurrent Neural Network; Electroencephalography; Gated Recurrent Unit; Normal and Ictal Subject; Rhythmic Frequency; Seizure detection and early detection; Sampling Rate; Support Vector Machine; Statistical Features.

Special Issue on: Artificial Intelligent Techniques Applied to the Study of Engineering Applications

  • Evaluation of Worker Quality in Crowdsourcing System on Hadoop Platform   Order a copy of this article
    by Kavitha C, Srividhya Lakshmi R, Anjana Devi J, Pradheeba U 
    Abstract: Crowdsourcing is a new emerging distributed computing and problem solving production model on the backdrop of internet. The datasize of crowdsources and tasks grows rapidly due to the rapid development of the crowdsourcing system. To evaluate the worker quality, based on the big data technology has become a more complex challenge. In this paper, we propose a general worker quality evaluation algorithm which can be applied to any critical tasks without wasting resources. Realizing the evaluation algorithm in the hadoop platform using MapReduce parallel programming is also involved. Efficiency and accuracy of the algorithm is effectively verified in the wide variety of many big data scenarios.
    Keywords: crowdsourcing system; hadoop; mapreduce.

  • Design and Implementation of Finite State Machine Using Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata (QCA)   Order a copy of this article
    by Sungeetha .D, Keerthana G, Vijayakumar K 
    Abstract: Moores Law states that the number of transistors per square inch on integrated circuits has doubled approximately every two years, this is true for CMOS based VLSI circuit design. Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata (QCA) replaces CMOS based VLSI technology. The assembly of quantum dots replaces transistors which is said to be Quantum Dot Cellular Automata, an emerging nanotechnology in the field of quantum electronics. Such type of circuit can be used in many digital applications and has an advantage of reduced area utilization. Quantum mechanics and cellular automata are together said to be Quantum Dot Cellular Automata. QCA technology has advantages like small size and high speed. CMOS technology uses transistors to create a logic gates but in QCA technology, logic gates and wires are created by using QCA cells. The basic logic gates like AND, OR, inverter, majority gates are implemented. Many combinational and sequential circuits are designed by using these basic gates. This paper aims at the design of Finite State Machines and its use in Vending machine and Traffic Light Controller were discussed. The circuit was designed and the functionality of those was verified using QCADesigner tool.
    Keywords: QCA; Finite state machine; Vending machine; Traffic Light Controller; QCADesigner 2.3.0.

  • IDENTIFICATION OF PERSON OR DATA USING MODIFIED SQUARE BLOCKWISE APPROACH   Order a copy of this article
    by Denslin Braja R, Dharun V. S. 
    Abstract: Nowadays authentication is important to identify the originality of a person or document. Visual Secret Sharing scheme is one of the best methods to provide authentication without any complex computations. In this paper, we proposed novel method called modified square blockwise approach to generate shares. Here the personage photo or any biometric data can be used as an authenticated image. This approach will generate two shares, one share is printed on identity card and the other one is stored on database. To verify the originality of a document or a person, first receive the identity card and scan or take a photo of the share. Now this share is compared with the stored one, if it is reveal the authenticated image then it is accepted, otherwise simply rejected. This approach is used to authenticate any confidential data such as medical document, bank details and administration details also. Using this approach, we can restrict the use of confidential documents without knowing the originality of the document.
    Keywords: Authentication; Modified square blockwise approach; Visual Secret Sharing.

  • A Secured Cloud Storage Auditing with Empirical Outsourcing of Key Updates   Order a copy of this article
    by Vijayakumar K, Suchitra S, Swathi Shri P 
    Abstract: Cloud Computing is emerging and considered next generation architecture for computing. Cloud storage auditing is regarded as a prominent feature to validate the integrity of the data in public cloud. The key exposure resistance is a vital issue in various security applications. The current cloud storage auditing models require the client to update his secret keys in each time period which bring in local burdens to the client. The aim of the project is to make the key updates transpicuous to the client and present a new model for auditing cloud storage with verifiable outsourcing of key updates. In this model, the key updates are outsourced to a third party auditor (TPA) who reduces the local burden on the client. The third party auditor (TPA) is accountable for both cloud storage auditing and safe key updates. The TPA holds an encrypted version of the clients secret key. The client decrypts the secret key, generates authenticators for the file and uploads these files along with authenticators to the cloud. In our design, we employ the Multi Key Encryption Algorithm to achieve faster key updates, short key size and to proficiently encrypt the secret keys. In addition, the TPA will audit whether the files in cloud are stored correctly by a challenge-response protocol between it and the cloud at regular time. The proposed paradigm permits the client to authenticate the validity of the encrypted secret key produced by the third party auditor for uploading data to the cloud. These prominent features are considered to make the entire cloud storage auditing technique as transpicuous as possible for the client.
    Keywords: Cloud Computing; Encryption; Decryption; Multi Key Encryption Algorithm.

  • A File Sharing System in Peer-to-Peer Network by a Nearness-Sensible Method   Order a copy of this article
    by Vimal .S, Srivatsa S.K 
    Abstract: For a comprehensive Peer-to-Peer file sharing system dynamic file query is substantial where its performance can be enhanced by clustering of peer that can also considerably improve the efficiency. Depending upon physical nearness and peer interest peers are clustered in current work. File replication algorithm has been employed that creates replicas for the requested file to enhance the efficiency. Compared to unstructured P2P the efficiency is high for structured P2P which is difficult to analyze because of their rigid topology. We have developed Nearness and Interested Cluster (NIC) super peer network to improve the efficiency of file location in current years for P2P system but few works rely on peer interest and physical nearness. Various methods have been used to improve intra-sub-cluster searching. Here the interest is categorized into sub-interest then they are linked according to common-interest. File searching delay is minimized where an overlay is built to link. Flower filter is employed to enhance the efficiency and reduce the overhead. On comparing Nearness Sensible I-clustered System with other system the efficiency has been traced. The effect of enhancing the efficiency using intra-sub-cluster searching is observed in experimental results.
    Keywords: File Replication; Peer to Peer Networks; Flower Filter mechanism.

  • Stimulated RR MAC Protocol for Power Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks   Order a copy of this article
    by Kirubakaran M.K., Sankarram N. 
    Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks is a collection of sensor nodes scattered across a habitat of interest to collect crucial information from the habitat. The application of these networks is enormous, ranging from video surveillance, medical device monitoring, air traffic control, robot control, target monitoring, border protection, disaster assessments etc. Since the nodes in wireless sensor networks remain in the habitat for long duration, it is necessary they utilize the battery mounted onboard very efficiently. Research has grown along this area where in many protocols are being proposed in order to enable the nodes use the energy efficiently. This paper proposes one such protocol Stimulated RR MAC protocol and discusses its benefits and performance over other existing protocols.
    Keywords: Channel allocation; Channel capacity Multipath channels; Multicast protocols; Wireless communication.

  • Students Performance Analysis System Using Cumulative Predictor Algorithm   Order a copy of this article
    by DafniRose J, VIJAYAKUMAR K, Sakthivel Srinivasan 
    Abstract: The recent trends in the IT industry indicates that it is moving towards automation to do mundane tasks and the expectations for students already equipped with good programming skills is on the rise. In parallel, there arehas been a rising number of students who find it difficult to attain the skills necessary in order to get the dream IT job they desire. The aim of this project is to bridge the gap between the employer and the future employee of the company by the use of SPAS at college level.Student Performance Analysis System (SPAS) is an online web application system which enables students to know prior hand if their level of skills for the placement is enough to get placed or not, given the necessary inputs.SPAS has an intelligent learning algorithm which utilizes a rich database, analyses the records of previous students traits and develops a model for further prediction.The performance evaluation of students by SPAS is by the cumulative predictor algorithm involving generation of several random forest trees on the available data. SPAS learns and creates its model reaching higher accuracy with increasing data availability.
    Keywords: Educational Data mining; decision tree (J48); Naïve Bayes’ classifier; JRip algorithm; bagging method; standard deviation; infogain; entropy gain.

  • A Hybrid Algorithm for efficient Task Scheduling in Cloud Computing Environment   Order a copy of this article
    by Roshni .T, Uma Maheswari, Bijolin Edwin 
    Abstract: Cloud is a boon to the generation which provides services that can reduce the overhead in maintenance and computational complexities.Scheduling the users job in the cloud resources plays an important role for the better performance. Task scheduling is an NP-Hard problem, since it may have more than one solution to fit in. In this paper a hybrid algorithm is proposed by the amalgamation of Artificial Bee Colony Algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization named as ABPS algorithm. The proposed ABPS algorithm optimizes the task scheduling on the cloud environment by providing minimized makespan, cost, and maximized resource utilization and to balance the load. The experiments were simulated using cloudSim tool and the ABPS algorithm results outperform the original ABC and PSO algorithm. The comparative study proves the performance of the proposed ABPS algorithm over the original ABC and PSO algorithm.
    Keywords: Cloud Computing; Task Scheduling; ABC algorithm; PSO algorithm; Makespan; Cost; Load Balancing; Resource Utilization.

  • A Survey on Contrastive Opinion Summarization   Order a copy of this article
    by Lavanya SK 
    Abstract: Contrastive OpinionSummarization (COS) is jointly generating summaries for two entities in order to highlight their differences based on the features.COS comprises of feature extraction, Sentiment prediction and summarization.Recently, the research focus in COS has been in using semantics associated with words and multi-word expressions to shift from syntactic to semantic level. This survey paper covers different methods used forfeature extraction, various similarity measures and different types of summarization. In addition to these, various datasets and performance measures are also addressed. Finally, future research directions are also suggested.
    Keywords: Opinion mining; Feature based opinion summarization; Feature extraction; Sentiment prediction,Contrastive Opinion Summarization (COS).

  • ANALYSIS OF HEURISTIC BASED MULTILEVEL THRESHOLDING METHODS FOR IMAGE SEGMENTATION USING R PROGRAMMING   Order a copy of this article
    by Suresh .K, Sakthi .U 
    Abstract: The conventional way in analyzing image segmentation algorithms manually is difficult since it requires a lot of human effort in keeping all data for analysis. Various heuristic algorithms are bundled with Otsus and Kapurs objective function in finding optimal fitness and quality segmentation. In this work Otsus and Kapurs objective function are bundled with heuristics such as Harmony Search Optimization (HSO) and Electro Magnetic Optimization (EMO) to compare the solution accuracy of segmented images In order to statistically analyze such algorithms, an automated tool is developed which takes an input image of any image category under consideration and extracts the segmentedfitness values and quality parameters of the image. The extracted values are stored in a central database server constrained with image type, image category, methodology and heuristic used, no of thresholds and quality parameters. The central repository information is fed into data mining and data analytic tools to statistically rank the segmentation algorithms.
    Keywords: Otsu &Kapur Objective function; Electro-magnetic Optimization; Harmony Search Optimization; Rank test.

  • Aggregated Clustering for Grouping of Users based on Web Page Navigation Behavior Aggregated Clustering for User Grouping   Order a copy of this article
    by GeethaRamani .R, Revathy .P, Lakshmi B 
    Abstract: In this epoch, a significant amount of patterns are retrieved using data mining techniques. Application of data mining techniques to the World Wide Web is referred as Web Mining. Clustering is one of the data mining technique that plays an vital role in the field of Web mining. This paper works on the server logs from the MSNBC dataset for the month of September 1999. Users with the average access length of 6 are used for analysis. This research aims to cluster the user based on their navigation behavior. An iterative aggregated clustering is proposed, in which various clustering algorithms such as EM clustering, Farthest First, K-Means Clustering, Density based cluster, Filtered cluster are applied on the dataset. The resultant clusters from various algorithms are aggregated correspondingly and the frequency of instances in each cluster is determined. If frequency of a instance in a cluster is greater than or equal to two-third majority, then the instance is grouped in that cluster. The work revealed that the system guaranteed to cluster 91% of users in the first iteration under 17 clusters for each page category and 99% of users are clustered in the subsequent iterations in another 17 clusters and rest of the users are grouped as one cluster, resulting in 35 hard clusters. The proposed framework is believed to serve in clustering user groups there by enabling suitable customized web environment.
    Keywords: Clustering algorithm; Data mining; MSNBC; Web usage mining; Hard Clusters.

  • Unified Dynamic Texture Segmentation System based on Local and Global Spatiotemporal Techniques   Order a copy of this article
    by Shilpa Paygude, Vibha Vyas 
    Abstract: Dynamic Texture (DT) is temporal extension of static texture. There are two broad types of dynamic textures: Natural and Manmade. The examples of dynamic textures are waving tree, sea water, fountain, traffic, moving crowd etc. Dynamic Texture Segmentation is a technique used to separate the moving objects from stationary content in the video. Majority of the techniques give good results either for natural or for manmade dynamic textures. The proposed approach for DT Segmentation is combination of Local Spatiotemporal Technique i.e. Local Binary Pattern-Weber Local Descriptor and Global Spatiotemporal Technique i.e. Contourlet Transform. The local spatiotemporal technique considers the appearance and motion of the object for segmentation. The technique is computationally less complex than optical flow and gives good results for manmade dynamic textures. The Global spatiotemporal technique is based on Laplacian Pyramid and Directional Filters. It gives good results for natural dynamic textures. The proposed technique discussed in this paper is unified approach for any type of Dynamic Texture. The regions of images commonly segmented by both the techniques are considered as the final segmented output. The proposed system works equally well on any kind of Dynamic Texture.
    Keywords: Dynamic Texture; Segmentation; Optical Flow; LBP-WLD-OF; Contourlet Transform; Unified Approach.

  • Enhanced H-ABE-R and T-ABKS for Cloud Computing Environment   Order a copy of this article
    by Rachel .N, C. R. Rene Robin 
    Abstract: For a data owner (patient) wants to share his health data, data which is extremely sensitive in nature and when he wishes to maintain privacy it is common for data owners to encrypt the data. Sharing encrypted data leads to difficulties in key management (traditional PKI infrastructure).Boneh et al[4] first put forth identity based encryption that helped alleviate those problems. However, Identity based encryption did not provide solutions for revocation users in a multi-user setting. The problem was tackled by Li et al[6]. In the first half of our work, we propose an novel attribute based encryption, a further extension of Identity based encryption that allows roles or policies to be defined over a set of attributes and propose a Hybrid Attribute based Encryption with Revocation (H-ABE-R) which is more suitable for multi-user hospital settings as it allows us to give permissions to access data for short periods of time. We then propose a Time & Attribute based keyword search (T-ABKS). We use Dynamic Bloom filters (DBF) for to represent dynamic datasets(datasets which reflect details like blood sugar, blood pressure tend to change every day) and discuss a framework for searching over masked bloom filters. Further by masking of random numbers the DBF we provide security(S-DBF) and prevent from correlation attacks. We check our algorithm and and prove our scheme comparably efficient.
    Keywords: Verifiable Computation; keyword search; Attribute Based Encryption; Revocation.

Special Issue on: ICCD-2017 Internet of Things, Big Data and Machine Learning

  • Evaluation Research on Green Degree of Equipment Manufacturing Industry Based on Improved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm   Order a copy of this article
    by Rong Wang, Ying Wang 
    Abstract: In order to improve the sustainable development of equipment manufacturing industry, the improved particle swarm algorithm is applied in evaluating green degree of equipment manufacturing industry. Firstly, the green degree evaluation system of equipment manufacturing industry is constructed, and evaluation index system is established. Secondly, the basic theory of particle swarm algorithm and the improved particle swarm algorithm are studied basing on analysis of disadvantages of traditional particle swarm algorithm. Thirdly, the analysis procedure of improved particle swarm algorithm is designed. Finally, equipment manufacturing industry in a province is used as a researching object, the green degree evaluation of equipment manufacturing industry in this province is carried out, and results show that this algorithm can improve evaluation level of green degree of equipment manufacturing industry.
    Keywords: green degree; equipment manufacturing industry; improved particle swarm algorithm.

Special Issue on: ICICT2018 Advances in Intelligent Information Communication Technologies

  • Multi-Criteria Clustering-based Recommendation using Mahalanobis distance   Order a copy of this article
    by Mohammed Wasid, Rashid Ali 
    Abstract: There have been significant advances made in the research of recommender systems over the past decades and have been implemented in both industry and academia. Recently, multi-criteria ratings are being incorporated into traditional recommender systems to further improve their quality, especially to handle the data sparsity and cold start issues. However, incorporation of multi-criteria ratings have improved the performance of the recommendation, but at the same time, multidimensionality issue is also arises. This paper presents a clustering based recommendation approach which is used for dealing with the multi-dimensionality issue in multi-criteria recommender systems. Here, we cluster the users based on their individual criteria ratings using K-means cluster-ing and the intra-cluster similarity is computed using Mahalanobis distance measure for neighborhood set gen-eration. This improves the recommendations quality and predictive accuracy of both traditional and clustering-based collaborative recommendations. The Yahoo! Movies dataset was used for testing the approach and the experiment conducted shows promising results.
    Keywords: Recommender systems; RS; Collaborative filtering; CF; Mahalanobis distance; MD; K-Means clustering; Multi-criteria.

  • Fast Algorithm of Image Enhancement based on Multi-Scale Retinex   Order a copy of this article
    by Alexander Zotin 
    Abstract: In this paper, a fast image enhancement algorithm based on Multi-Scale Retinex in HSV color model is presented. The proposed algorithm produces the result similar to the one which uses a nonlinear processing in the HSV color model, but with less computational cost. It uses linear dependencies of RGB colors from the V-component of HSV model. Additionally, to speed up the images processing and enhance the local contrast is suggested to perform Multi-Scale Retinex (MSR) computation only in the low-frequency area obtained by the wavelet transform. Experimental research was performed on more than 100 color images having non-uniform brightness. Different algorithms based on Retinex technology were implemented and their performance was compared. The proposed way of output image color formation allows to reduce processing time by 30-75%, depending on the image size. The experimental data show that the usage of the wavelet transform in proposed MSR algorithm additionally leads to 2-2.8 times increase in processing speed.
    Keywords: Color image enhancement; Retinex; MSR; Multi-Scale Retinex; Color space; HSV; Wavelet transform;.

  • Exchanging Deep knowledge for fault diagnosis using ontologies   Order a copy of this article
    by Xilang Tang, Mingqing Xiao, Bin Hu, Dongqing Pan 
    Abstract: To improve the development efficiency of automated diagnosis equipment (ADE) and ensure the generality of ADE software, this paper proposes a novel method to exchange deep knowledge of systems under diagnosis (SUD) using ontologies. A general framework of knowledge base combining test information model and diagnosis information model is proposed. The diagnosis information model is decomposed into structure model and function model. The structure model describes the connectivity of adjacent components as well as the structural hierarchy, and the function model describes behavior of modules by mapping input signals into output signals. Moreover, the method to locate the fault based on the proposed knowledge base is introduced. Finally, a case study for guiding system of passive-radar guidance missile is carried out to illustrate our proposed method. The practice shows that our method can achieve the object well
    Keywords: fault diagnosis; test; knowledge; ontology; reasoning.

  • Multistage approach for automatic spleen segmentation in MRI sequences   Order a copy of this article
    by Antonia Mihaylova, Veska Georgieva, Plamen Petrov 
    Abstract: Most of the known methods of segmentation of the abdominal organs are not automated for the whole series of images or are semi-automatic and require additional intervention by the user. This is typical for cases where the difference in intensity of the gray level between the subject and the background is small. A typical example of this is the spleen and adjacent tissue in unconstrained MR images. This paper presents a multistage approach for spleen segmentation from MRI-sequences. It is based on segmentation methods such as active contours without edges and k-mean clustering. The proposed approach consists of some basic stages. The first stage is pre-processing, based on image enhancement and morphological operation. Two atlas models are created, which are used in the initial image to define the initial contour at which the segmentation begins. The initial image is semi-automatic segmented using the created atlas models. The sequence is then automatic segmented, dividing it in two parts (before and after the initial middle image) and using the segmentation of the previous image. The proposed approach allows extracting the spleen in the different depth images, which has a variable form and unstable position. The conducted experiments are showing the robustness of the proposed approach. The obtained results demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach for application in screening diagnostics.
    Keywords: Segmentation of Spleen; Segmentation of MRI sequences; Automatic Segmentation.

  • Classification of Radar Non-Homogenous Clutter Based on Statistical Features Using Neural Network   Order a copy of this article
    by Thamir Saeed, Ghufran Hatem, Jafar Abdul Sadah 
    Abstract: This paper presents a robust clutter classifier based on the neural network to assist the radar receiver by choosing optimal constant false alarm rate. Where this classifier has been trained for sixteen class, four radar return distribution with different situations. The return radar signal distributions are Rayleigh, Weibull, lognormal and K- distribution, while the situations are, Signal, Multi-, Closed Multi-target, and clutter edge. Multi-layer perceptron with back-propagation as a neural network with seven features, Mean, Variance, Mode, Kurtosis, Skewness, Median, and Entropy, have been used to classify the return signal. A Least mean square error is used to evaluate the classifier performance. The simulation is evaluated for the Signal to clutter ration from +35dB to -35 dB, with 5-20 neurons of the hidden layer, and 60-360 samples. By performing, the Optimization has been gained by using 240 samples and 20 neurons then lead to 98.1 % return signal classification
    Keywords: Clutter Classifier; CFAR; Radar; and Non-homogenous clutter; statistical Features.

  • Development of a sit-to-stand assistance chair for elderly people   Order a copy of this article
    by Ari Aharari, Won-Seok Yang 
    Abstract: According to the survey on the actual situation of elderly persons at home or nursing home care, the first item after concerning about disease under treatment is Weak legs and difficulties to stand from the chair. Muscle strength further decreases with aging and make feeling burden when standing from chair. Also, people who are suffering from secondary symptoms such as bedsores and keep sitting in a chair for a long time are on the rise. The most burdensome for elderly persons when trying to stand up from the chair is to bear the weight themselves. In this paper, we introduce Rakutateru which is specially designed to support elderly persons to easily stand up from the chair and keep people to more active and independent. We also evaluate the validity of an assist unit which is contained inside the lower part of the Rakutateru surface.
    Keywords: Assist chair; Elderly support chair; Lifting unit.

  • Onboard Reasoning and Other Applications of the Logic-Based Approach to the Moving Objects Intelligent Control   Order a copy of this article
    by Andrey Tyugashev 
    Abstract: This article provides the theoretical background and practical case studies of the application of reasoning and other logic-based approaches to the moving objects control. Modern moving objects, both manned and unmanned, utilize computers as their onboard brain. Since planes, spacecraft, cars, trucks and trains must demonstrate flexible and safe behavior in various situations, it seems prospective to use intelligent control means instead of rigid control logic dispersed in a program source code. This article is concerned with the possible implementation of onboard intelligence. In contrast to the popular use of neural networks, the logic-based approach is based on clear and exact control rules with strict responsibility. Thus, formal specification and verification methods can be utilized. The article describes the Real-Time Control Algorithm Logic (RTCAL) for the above-mentioned purposes. We also present case studies of reasoning at the design and operation stages for providing the fault tolerant control of a spacecraft.
    Keywords: Moving objects control; logic; intelligent control; reasoning; Real-Time Control Algorithm; flight control software.

Special Issue on: ICEST'18 Intelligent Sensor Data Processing, Mobile Telecommunications and Air Traffic Control

  • Application Level Extension of Bandwidth Management in Radio Access Network
    by Evelina Pencheva, Ivaylo Atanasov 
    Abstract: Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) provides processing and storage capabilities of the cloud into the radio access network. In this paper, we study the deployment of bandwidth management service in MEC environment. The bandwidth management service procedures are mapped onto functionality of the control protocol between radio access network and core network. An extension of the bandwidth management service is proposed that enables detecting of packets generated of specific applications and applying the appropriate enforcement actions. The proposed extension is described by typical use cases, information flows, required information, data model, as well as respective application programming interfaces. Models representing the status of bandwidth allocation as seen by the mobile edge application and network are proposed, formally described and verified. Formal model verification enables mathematical demonstration that the proposed extension is consistently implementable.
    Keywords: Quality of service control; Bandwidth management; Application detection and control; Radio access network; Multi-access Edge Computing; Application Programming Interfaces; Data model; Finite state machines

Special Issue on: Modeling as a Service for Designing and Analyzing QoS-Oriented Information, Data and Knowledge Systems

  • Machine Learning Methods Against False Data Injection In Smart Grid   Order a copy of this article
    by MOHAMED HAMLICH 
    Abstract: The false data injection in the power grid is a major risk for a good and safety functioning of the smart grid. The False data detection with conventional methods are incapable to detect some false measurements, to remedy this, we have opted to use machine learning which we used Five classifiers to conceive an effective detection (k-nearest neighbor algorithm "KNN", Random trees, Random forest decision trees, multi-layer perceptron and vector support machine). Our analyze are validated by experiments on a physical bus feeding system performed on PSS / in which we have developed a data set for real measurement. Afterward we worked with Matlab software to construct false measurements according to the Jacobean matrix of the state estimation. We tested the collected data with different classification algorithms, which gives good and satisfactory results.
    Keywords: smart grid; state estimation; false data injection; machine learning.