International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management (5 papers in press)
Stakeholders in the middle of life of complex products: understanding the role and information needs
by Elaheh G. Nabati, Klaus-Dieter Thoben, Morice Daudi
Abstract: The Middle of Life (MOL) of the product lifecycle for complex engineering products is a long time and normally involves various groups of stakeholders. Complex products now can generate data about themselves that may be integrated into requirements of stakeholders in the MOL of the product lifecycle management systems. Furthermore, there is a trend to offer complex engineering products, not only as physical products but also in combination with services (so called Product-Service-Systems). This trend changes the current roles of the stakeholders in MOL and enables new ones. Literature has identified users and their activities within selected MOL sub-processes; such as maintenance and operation of complex engineering products. However, existing literature so far lacks a systematic and extensive analysis of the stakeholders within MOL as well as the roles of the stakeholders, existing relationships and dependencies, and related data and information needs. Therefore, the objectives of this paper are to identify stakeholders in MOL; identify and model relationships among the stakeholders; identify data and information needs of the stakeholders and propose appropriate techniques for data analytics to support accomplishment of the stakeholders needs. These objectives are realized by conducting a literature survey and interviews to establish processes, roles, responsibilities, and recent changes in roles. The research work focuses on two cases studies: offshore wind turbines and commercial airplanes. The paper achieves a systematic perspective on potential stakeholders of MOL and their relationships. Furthermore, the paper proposes supporting approaches for data analytics in order to satisfy the information needs of the stakeholders and strengthen their role in MOL of complex engineering products.
Keywords: Stakeholder; Closed-loop product lifecycle management; Middle of the life; Smart products; Product-Service-Systems; Data analytics.
A process-oriented framework for PLM implementation in Fashion companies
by Elisa D'Avolio, Romeo Bandinelli, Rinaldo Rinaldi
Abstract: The fashion industry is evolving from the traditional kingdom of creativity to innovative initiatives allowing to compete in the global market. PLM is becoming crucial in companies focusing on product development to design new collections each season. Our proposition is a framework to effectively implement PLM in the fashion industry. It is based in four consecutive phases: identify business issues and needs, model process and data, identify PLM Business Objects and conduct a scenario analysis to select a PLM solution. This approach has been tested and validated in a fashion company managing leather goods and conducting internally all the business processes, but production. The research contributes to enfold literature and it could be a valuable insight for practitioners that are willing to enhance product development and successfully implement a PLM in the sector.
Keywords: PLM; PLM implementation; PLM framework; Fashion industry; Fashion business process; PLM data model; PLM KPIs.
A GIS-oriented semantic data model to support PLM for DfS
by Kiyan Vadoudi, Nadege Troussier, Florian Bratec
Abstract: Studying a products environmental impact on an interacted territorys environmental status can increase decision makers information when considering Design for Sustainability (DfS). Spatial representation of environmental information using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is an approach to analyze environmental status. This paper proposes a new data model to integrate geographical data with product related data throughout substances flows over the whole lifecycle. This model uses coupling of GIS and Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) by Unified Modelling Language (UML) representation. This new data model offers the possibility of enhancing sustainable products and obtaining more relevant results due to a better integration of site specificities.
Keywords: Product Lifecycle Management (PLM); Product data model; Geographic Information System (GIS); Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); UML; Territory; Design for Sustainability (DfS).
Uncertainty in the development of aeronautical projects
by Darli Vieira, Raimundo Kennedy, Milena Chang Chain, Alencar Bravo
Abstract: The uncertainty in the development of aeronautical projects is ultimately a determinant variable in the failure or success of a project. However, there remains a lack of distinction in the literature between the concepts of uncertainty and error. This ultimately influences the type of tool that is used. In this study, uncertainty is presented as the difference between the knowledge required and the knowledge retained when making a decision. Furthermore, it is only appropriate to refer to uncertainty before decision-making, as once a decision is made only risk remains. Thus, the aim of this study is to propose a methodological procedure to assist decision-makers engaged in the development of aeronautical projects with activities involving uncertainty. The logical sequence presented allows decision-makers to identify, characterize and estimate uncertainty before making a decision.
Keywords: Aeronautical; Decision; Projects; Tools; UncertaintyModel; Management; Decision-Making; Risk; Design.
Changing information management for product-service system engineering: customer-oriented strategies and lessons learned
by Alexander Smirnov, Nikolay Shilov, Andreas Oroszi, Mario Sinko, Thorsten Krebs
Abstract: Modern markets force companies to implement new production and marketing paradigms. Companies striving for attracting and retaining customers see service provision as a new path towards profits and growth. However, efficient management of product life cycle for such solutions requires significant changes both in business processes and in information systems. The paper investigates the problem of product-service system engineering information management in a customer-oriented way and the way it has been solved. It shares the vision of the authors of the required improvements in business processes and information systems at the considered company related to life cycle management for product-service system configurations. Though the research results are based on the analysis of one company, the presented work can give significant input to achieve benefits for component manufacturers that tend to become system vendors in general.
Keywords: product-service system; customer view; application view; information management; business process; information system.