International Journal of Management in Education (15 papers in press)
Prioritization of Factors Influencing Teachers Job Satisfaction in the UAE
by Hareb Alkhyeli, Anne Van Ewijk
Abstract: A high teacher turnover rate has a negative effect on the quality of education, which in turn diminishes student learning, enrolment, and retention. This is a particular problem in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), where education is high on the government agenda, but the residence of many expatriate teachers is relatively more transient. This study is the first to include four main factors with proven influence on teachers job satisfaction in a comprehensive model for the UAE: motivation, school leadership style, job characteristics, and cultural intelligence (CQ). The objectives of this empirical study are (1) to provide an overview of the 20 sub- factors associated with each main factor, (2) to determine the preferences and priority that UAE private school teachers attribute to the four main factors of job satisfaction and their 20 sub-factors, and (3) to summarise these findings into a new analytical hierarchical model that can be tested and validated in future research. As this is, in essence, a multi-criteria decision-making dilemma, we have chosen the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method (a systematic way to compare lists of factors with sub-factors in a hierarchical fashion with the use of experts in the field) to construct this comprehensive model. We find that recognition, pay, and autonomy scored as the teachers highest concerns. Focusing on these aspects should, therefore, be a priority for private school management in order to decrease teacher turnover.
Keywords: education; teacher; turnover; job satisfaction; AHP; United Arab Emirates.
Does Statistics Anxiety Affect Students Performance in Higher Education? The Role of Students Commitment, Self-Concept and Adaptability
by Arsalan Najmi, Syed Ali Raza, Wasim Qazi
Abstract: This study investigates the role of students commitment, self-concept and adaptability on statistics anxiety and performance in higher education. Data was collected from 320 students enrolled in a business school of a Pakistan based university by a survey questionnaire. After exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, results of structural equation modelling revealed that though students commitment, self-concept and adaptability have negative relationship with statistics anxiety but presence of the said attitudes mitigates the significance of statistics anxiety on students performance. The study concluded that the presence of affirmative attitudes of students can minimize the significance of statistics anxiety on students performance. Moreover, practical implications on the findings are also discussed.
Keywords: Higher education; commitment; self-concept; adaptability; statistics anxiety; students’ performance.
Globalization and education: Case Demonstration and Lessons Learned from Finlands Education Export
by David Delahunty, Kongkiti Phusavat, Pekka Kess, Hanna Kropsu-Vehkapera, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto
Abstract: Globalized education has become an emergent trend over the past decade. Recently, Finland has decided to promote and export its educations expertise, experience, and know-how through the sale of educational expertise, products, and services. This study describes a comprehensive case of one Finnish education export project involving the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), and the University of Oulu / City of Oulu, Finland. This description comprises of a record of the main issues and obstacles faced throughout the pilot, the factors identified by respondents concerning the successful conclusion of the projects, and the factors which participants identified as being responsible for overcoming these same obstacles, and issues.
Keywords: Globalized education; education export; pilot project.
Analytical Assessment Process of E-Learning Domain Research between 1980 and 2014
by Seyed Mohammad Jafar Jalali, Elaheh Mahdizadeh, Mohammad Reza Mahmoudi, Sérgio Moro
Abstract: Applying some methods to reduce the time and expenditures of training is inevitable in existing circumstances. Many educational organizations have realized the importance of Electronic Learning (E-learning) and tried to use this approach in leveraging their academic classes. As research in E-learning domain has become one of the most important and interesting subjects, observation in emerging and fading trends of E-learning is a need for the scholars and industry professionals who are interested to study and work in the field. This
paper has triggered the investigation and depicting of scientific trends in E-learning by using two scientometric methods named burst detection and clustering analysis. By applying two mentioned methods, the hot topics were identified in the field of E-learning.
Keywords: E-learning; Burst Detection Algorithm; Scientometrics.
Lean Start-up Awareness and Effect on Entrepreneurial Intentions among Malaysian Youths
by Isidore Ekpe, Norsiah Mat, Mohd Rafi Yaacob, Mohammad Nizamuddin Abdul Rahim
Abstract: In an attempt to develop greater interest in enterprise start-up, this study examines the level of awareness of lean start-up model and its effect on entrepreneurial intentions among Malaysian youths. In this study, we argue that greater entrepreneurial interest could be ignited in the youths if lean start-up model is applied in teaching and learning. Using a survey, data were collected from 191 university students at three universities in Malaysia peninsula. These data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and regression methods. We found that majority of the students were not aware of lean start-up model. Our research also established a significant positive effect of lean start-up on entrepreneurial intentions among Malaysian youths. We recommend that the government and university authorities should draft appropriate strategies (e.g inclusion in syllabus) that will engender greater awareness and adoption of lean start-up, especially among students and lecturers, for enterprise creation in the country.
Keywords: Keywords: Lean start-up; entrepreneurial intentions; university youths; Malaysia.
Using QFD method for assessing higher education programs:
An examination of key stakeholders visions
by Nizar Raissi
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify which indicators are more suitable to measure professional skills and that ensure training conform to employer's requirements. The study relied on reflective evaluation of education quality in universities by employers, students and graduates with professional experience applying the technique of Quality Function Deployment (QFD). Therefore, the analysis of survey results founded on a sample of 31 companies, 717 students and 104 graduates reveals a strong correlation between achieving the objectives of operability, efficiency and integration of graduates and the commitment degree of universities to implement relevant and valid assessments that promote the development of skills needed by labour market. Moreover, employers believe that the skills assessed are not those required by the labour market. Results also show that graduates consider evaluation system as irrelevant because it is not objective and does not allow everyone to have the same chances of success.
Keywords: Human Resources; Quality Function Deployment; Training; Higher Education; Labour market.
Effective teacher professional development in the process of major school reforms
by Edita Alo, Hazel Slinn, Blerim Saqipi, Janez Vogrinc
Abstract: This small-scale qualitative study explores the elements that influence effective teacher professional development in Kosovo by examining the perceptions of a selected group of teachers in relation to their experience in professional development. The study applied a qualitative methodological approach, drawing on the experiences of four teachers who have participated in professional development activities and who have been part of the professional development process that has supported curriculum implementation reform in Kosovo. Findings from the study centre on delivery and quality of training; implementation of the new learning and skills; institutional support at school level and beyond. The study concludes that there is an ongoing need for high-quality professional development; that an understanding of effective adult learning is essential to influence professional growth; and that TPD will be effective only if it is supported by the context in which it is delivered.
Keywords: effective teacher development; features of effectiveness; high-quality professional development; teachers’ perceptionsrnrn.
Introducing performance management in universities. The case of the university in Southern Italy
by Antonio Nisio, Rossella De Carolis, Stefania Losurdo
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to identify the exogenous and endogenous conditions that may lead to specific characteristics in the processes of introducing performance management system and their success/failure. In particular an analysis was carried out on the route followed to adopt the performance management system in an University in Southern Italy, first formally and then substantively. The life-cycle approach is used to examine the various phases of adopting the performance management system: design, implementation, use, evaluation or assessment and impacts. Also considering the limits of the analysis of a single case study, the analysed case shows how the substantive adoption of the managerial changes in the public administrations is based more on cultural elements, skills and abilities, on the organizational learning, rather than on the application of rules or regulations or on the mere transposition of models and tools originating in private companies. The case study illustrate these problems and shed light on needed research.
Keywords: Adoption gap; life-cycle approach; performance management system; university performance; New Public Management; introducing performance management.
Understanding the Productivity of Faculty Members in Higher Education
by Julie A. Delello, Rochell R. McWhorter, Shelly L. Marmion
Abstract: With the price of rising tuition and mounting student debts in the U.S.A., there continues to be much debate as to whether faculty members at universities work hard enough and whether that work benefits students. This article discusses key findings of a mixed-methods case study reflecting the breadth of work-related activities engaged in by university faculty at one regional university in Texas transitioning towards a greater focus on research. Contrary to popular press, it was found that full-time faculty members at all ranks worked more hours per week than the national average and two-thirds of those were spent in teaching related activities. The authors caution those entities pushing for large overhauls in higher education to abandon misinformation regarding faculty work roles and urge administrators to include very knowledgeable and concerned faculties in such discussions.
Keywords: faculty performance; faculty accountability; higher education; faculty scholarship; work-life balance; faculty workload.
STRATEGY CRAFTING IN A SELECTED GROUP OF TURKISH UNIVERSITIES
by Nisan Selekler-Goksen, Beyza Oba
Abstract: This study investigates the impact of intensifying competition in higher education on the market and non-market strategies of universities and the governance structure through which these strategies are crafted. Competition creates pressures towards both diversity and homogeneity although their relative strength is contested in past studies. This study contributes to the literature by analysing the issue in a state-dependent higher education system and taking into consideration the role of the state as a strong regulator in the field. The sample involves four universities in Turkey with different ownership structures (public/private) and dominant orientations (research/teaching). Archival sources and semi-structured interviews are used to collect data. Findings show that homogeneity pervades the market and non-market strategies with diversity appearing on a smaller-scale while governance structures are more likely to display differences.
Keywords: higher education; state-dependent higher education systems; market strategy in higher education; non-market strategy in higher education; university governance; public universities; foundation universities; Turkey.
Effect of crowd-funding on entrepreneurial intentions among academic staff of Nigerian universities
by Isidore Ekpe, Norsiah Mat, Aminu Ahmad, Kabiru Maitama Kura
Abstract: To develop greater interest in enterprise start-up, efficient corporate management among adults and effective enterprise finance strategy among policy-makers, this study was conducted to examine the level of awareness of crowd-funding model and its effect on entrepreneurial intentions among Nigerian university lecturers. With a survey, data were collected from 217 lecturers at three universities in north, east and west regions of Nigeria. Employing descriptive statistics and partial least square (Smart PLS-SEM) methods, data were analysed. Among others, we found that most of the lecturers were not aware of crowd-funding as a novel model for enterprise financing. We also discovered that crowd-funding has a significant positive relationship with entrepreneurial intentions. Therefore, it was recommended that the government and university management should draft appropriate strategies (e.g. inclusion in syllabus) that will engender greater awareness and adoption of crowd-funding, especially among entrepreneurial educators and students, for enterprise creation and development in the country.
Keywords: crowd-funding; entrepreneurial educators; intentions; Nigeria.
A culture of sharing: transnational higher education students' views on plagiarism in the digital era
by Anne Palmer, Grace Oakley, Mark Pegrum
Abstract: Higher education has greatly expanded and many transnational campuses have been established. The vast amount of educational material available online and the ease of sharing it electronically appear to have facilitated an increase in student plagiarism. Plagiarism may undermine the learning process of students and the quality of education that an institution provides. A survey was conducted at two Australian university campuses in Singapore to investigate transnational students' views on plagiarism. It was found that many students, while fully aware of obvious cases of plagiarism, would disagree with more complex cases, such as collusion and reuse of one's own work or of a friend's work. This suggests that current strategies for preventing plagiarism are not entirely effective. It is recommended that educative interventions such as induction and follow-up courses on plagiarism be provided to students and staff to ensure that academic integrity is maintained within the transnational education environment.
Keywords: transnational higher education; plagiarism; education quality; international students; Australian university campuses; Singapore; academic integrity; educative interventions.
Organisational change in higher education institutions: a case study on restructuring the School of Social and Humanistic Sciences
by Mariela Méndez Prado, Klelia Guerrero García
Abstract: The growing need for professionals that are competent and compatible with the dynamics of a globalised world encourages universities to continuously redefine themselves. This study uses the evolutionist and teleological models of organisational change to analyse and assess the effectiveness of the systematic process conducted by the School of Social and Humanistic Sciences (FCSH) of the Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral (ESPOL). The examination uses a principal components analysis for the exploratory stage, and an analysis of variance to identify differences among satisfaction levels from an internal survey to 558 alumni, graduated between 2011 and 2014. We found a statistically significant increase of satisfaction levels in terms of equipment, facilities and general services for students that graduated after the referred process. Descriptive statistics on the implemented programs complement the discussion.
Keywords: organisational change; restructuring; innovation; higher-education management.
Participation in decision-making in school: opportunities and students' attitudes in Austria and Slovenia
by Monika Mithans, Milena Ivanuš Grmek, Branka Čagran, Matjaž Mulej
Abstract: The paper reports on the student inclusion in the school life management. The study comprised pupils aged 10-11, 13-14 and 16-17. 322 students attend school in Austria, and 458 students in Slovenia. The right to participation is among the four main principles exposed in the UNICEF's Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989). However, a study that aimed to identify areas of school life where students already have the opportunity to participate in decision-making and areas of school life management/governance where they want more participation showed that pupils are still insufficiently aware of their right to participation in school. The results also indicate that, in spite of its proven advantages, legal basis and repeated demands for implementation of pupils' participation in the school are yet to become common practice.
Keywords: Austria; participation in decision-making; school life management and governance; Slovenia; desire for participation in decision-making; perception analysis.
Measuring teacher attitudes towards change: an empirical validation
by Tai Mei Kin, Omar Abdull Kareem
Abstract: The objectives of the study were to validate a substantiated Teacher Attitudes towards Change (TATC) model and an instrument to identify critical components of TATC. A total of 936 teachers from 47 high-performing secondary schools completed the survey. Five different pretests had been applied to ensure the validity and reliability of the instrument: (a) review by academic colleagues; (b) verification and comments from panel; (c) personal interviews with respondents about the questionnaire format, syntax and design; (d) evaluation of item clarity; and (e) assessment of internal consistency reliability. Following these, exploratory factor analysis was employed to identify the underlying factors, whereas confirmatory factor analysis was applied to test the measurement models. The analysis yielded a three-factor model: (a) cognitive; (b) behavioural; and (c) affective reaction to change. The results demonstrated a good fit of the model: normed x2 = 4.412, TLI = 0.966, CFI = 0.977 and RMSEA = 0.060. Psychometric analyses provided evidence for convergent validity, discriminant validity and construct reliability. The TATC model is an empirically tested model derived in local Malaysian setting. It provides direction for practitioners in planning and designing training programs for school principals in enhancement of positive TATC. The TATC scale offers a promising measure for examining TATC for practitioners and researchers.
Keywords: teacher attitudes towards change; cognitive reaction to change; behavioural reaction to change; affective reaction change; management in education; structural equation modelling.