International Journal of Management in Education (12 papers in press)
Prioritization of Factors Influencing Teachers Job Satisfaction in the UAE
by Hareb Alkhyeli, Anne Van Ewijk
Abstract: A high teacher turnover rate has a negative effect on the quality of education, which in turn diminishes student learning, enrolment, and retention. This is a particular problem in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), where education is high on the government agenda, but the residence of many expatriate teachers is relatively more transient. This study is the first to include four main factors with proven influence on teachers job satisfaction in a comprehensive model for the UAE: motivation, school leadership style, job characteristics, and cultural intelligence (CQ). The objectives of this empirical study are (1) to provide an overview of the 20 sub- factors associated with each main factor, (2) to determine the preferences and priority that UAE private school teachers attribute to the four main factors of job satisfaction and their 20 sub-factors, and (3) to summarise these findings into a new analytical hierarchical model that can be tested and validated in future research. As this is, in essence, a multi-criteria decision-making dilemma, we have chosen the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method (a systematic way to compare lists of factors with sub-factors in a hierarchical fashion with the use of experts in the field) to construct this comprehensive model. We find that recognition, pay, and autonomy scored as the teachers highest concerns. Focusing on these aspects should, therefore, be a priority for private school management in order to decrease teacher turnover.
Keywords: education; teacher; turnover; job satisfaction; AHP; United Arab Emirates.
Does Statistics Anxiety Affect Students Performance in Higher Education? The Role of Students Commitment, Self-Concept and Adaptability
by Arsalan Najmi, Syed Ali Raza, Wasim Qazi
Abstract: This study investigates the role of students commitment, self-concept and adaptability on statistics anxiety and performance in higher education. Data was collected from 320 students enrolled in a business school of a Pakistan based university by a survey questionnaire. After exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, results of structural equation modelling revealed that though students commitment, self-concept and adaptability have negative relationship with statistics anxiety but presence of the said attitudes mitigates the significance of statistics anxiety on students performance. The study concluded that the presence of affirmative attitudes of students can minimize the significance of statistics anxiety on students performance. Moreover, practical implications on the findings are also discussed.
Keywords: Higher education; commitment; self-concept; adaptability; statistics anxiety; students’ performance.
Globalization and education: Case Demonstration and Lessons Learned from Finlands Education Export
by David Delahunty, Kongkiti Phusavat, Pekka Kess, Hanna Kropsu-Vehkapera, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto
Abstract: Globalized education has become an emergent trend over the past decade. Recently, Finland has decided to promote and export its educations expertise, experience, and know-how through the sale of educational expertise, products, and services. This study describes a comprehensive case of one Finnish education export project involving the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), and the University of Oulu / City of Oulu, Finland. This description comprises of a record of the main issues and obstacles faced throughout the pilot, the factors identified by respondents concerning the successful conclusion of the projects, and the factors which participants identified as being responsible for overcoming these same obstacles, and issues.
Keywords: Globalized education; education export; pilot project.
Analytical Assessment Process of E-Learning Domain Research between 1980 and 2014
by Seyed Mohammad Jafar Jalali, Elaheh Mahdizadeh, Mohammad Reza Mahmoudi, Sérgio Moro
Abstract: Applying some methods to reduce the time and expenditures of training is inevitable in existing circumstances. Many educational organizations have realized the importance of Electronic Learning (E-learning) and tried to use this approach in leveraging their academic classes. As research in E-learning domain has become one of the most important and interesting subjects, observation in emerging and fading trends of E-learning is a need for the scholars and industry professionals who are interested to study and work in the field. This
paper has triggered the investigation and depicting of scientific trends in E-learning by using two scientometric methods named burst detection and clustering analysis. By applying two mentioned methods, the hot topics were identified in the field of E-learning.
Keywords: E-learning; Burst Detection Algorithm; Scientometrics.
Lean Start-up Awareness and Effect on Entrepreneurial Intentions among Malaysian Youths
by Isidore Ekpe, Norsiah Mat, Mohd Rafi Yaacob, Mohammad Nizamuddin Abdul Rahim
Abstract: In an attempt to develop greater interest in enterprise start-up, this study examines the level of awareness of lean start-up model and its effect on entrepreneurial intentions among Malaysian youths. In this study, we argue that greater entrepreneurial interest could be ignited in the youths if lean start-up model is applied in teaching and learning. Using a survey, data were collected from 191 university students at three universities in Malaysia peninsula. These data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and regression methods. We found that majority of the students were not aware of lean start-up model. Our research also established a significant positive effect of lean start-up on entrepreneurial intentions among Malaysian youths. We recommend that the government and university authorities should draft appropriate strategies (e.g inclusion in syllabus) that will engender greater awareness and adoption of lean start-up, especially among students and lecturers, for enterprise creation in the country.
Keywords: Keywords: Lean start-up; entrepreneurial intentions; university youths; Malaysia.
Using QFD method for assessing higher education programs:
An examination of key stakeholders visions
by Nizar Raissi
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify which indicators are more suitable to measure professional skills and that ensure training conform to employer's requirements. The study relied on reflective evaluation of education quality in universities by employers, students and graduates with professional experience applying the technique of Quality Function Deployment (QFD). Therefore, the analysis of survey results founded on a sample of 31 companies, 717 students and 104 graduates reveals a strong correlation between achieving the objectives of operability, efficiency and integration of graduates and the commitment degree of universities to implement relevant and valid assessments that promote the development of skills needed by labour market. Moreover, employers believe that the skills assessed are not those required by the labour market. Results also show that graduates consider evaluation system as irrelevant because it is not objective and does not allow everyone to have the same chances of success.
Keywords: Human Resources; Quality Function Deployment; Training; Higher Education; Labour market.
Effective teacher professional development in the process of major school reforms
by Edita Alo, Hazel Slinn, Blerim Saqipi, Janez Vogrinc
Abstract: This small-scale qualitative study explores the elements that influence effective teacher professional development in Kosovo by examining the perceptions of a selected group of teachers in relation to their experience in professional development. The study applied a qualitative methodological approach, drawing on the experiences of four teachers who have participated in professional development activities and who have been part of the professional development process that has supported curriculum implementation reform in Kosovo. Findings from the study centre on delivery and quality of training; implementation of the new learning and skills; institutional support at school level and beyond. The study concludes that there is an ongoing need for high-quality professional development; that an understanding of effective adult learning is essential to influence professional growth; and that TPD will be effective only if it is supported by the context in which it is delivered.
Keywords: effective teacher development; features of effectiveness; high-quality professional development; teachers’ perceptionsrnrn.
Introducing performance management in universities. The case of the university in Southern Italy
by Antonio Nisio, Rossella De Carolis, Stefania Losurdo
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to identify the exogenous and endogenous conditions that may lead to specific characteristics in the processes of introducing performance management system and their success/failure. In particular an analysis was carried out on the route followed to adopt the performance management system in an University in Southern Italy, first formally and then substantively. The life-cycle approach is used to examine the various phases of adopting the performance management system: design, implementation, use, evaluation or assessment and impacts. Also considering the limits of the analysis of a single case study, the analysed case shows how the substantive adoption of the managerial changes in the public administrations is based more on cultural elements, skills and abilities, on the organizational learning, rather than on the application of rules or regulations or on the mere transposition of models and tools originating in private companies. The case study illustrate these problems and shed light on needed research.
Keywords: Adoption gap; life-cycle approach; performance management system; university performance; New Public Management; introducing performance management.
Understanding the Productivity of Faculty Members in Higher Education
by Julie A. Delello, Rochell R. McWhorter, Shelly L. Marmion
Abstract: With the price of rising tuition and mounting student debts in the U.S.A., there continues to be much debate as to whether faculty members at universities work hard enough and whether that work benefits students. This article discusses key findings of a mixed-methods case study reflecting the breadth of work-related activities engaged in by university faculty at one regional university in Texas transitioning towards a greater focus on research. Contrary to popular press, it was found that full-time faculty members at all ranks worked more hours per week than the national average and two-thirds of those were spent in teaching related activities. The authors caution those entities pushing for large overhauls in higher education to abandon misinformation regarding faculty work roles and urge administrators to include very knowledgeable and concerned faculties in such discussions.
Keywords: faculty performance; faculty accountability; higher education; faculty scholarship; work-life balance; faculty workload.
STRATEGY CRAFTING IN A SELECTED GROUP OF TURKISH UNIVERSITIES
by Nisan Selekler-Goksen, Beyza Oba
Abstract: This study investigates the impact of intensifying competition in higher education on the market and non-market strategies of universities and the governance structure through which these strategies are crafted. Competition creates pressures towards both diversity and homogeneity although their relative strength is contested in past studies. This study contributes to the literature by analysing the issue in a state-dependent higher education system and taking into consideration the role of the state as a strong regulator in the field. The sample involves four universities in Turkey with different ownership structures (public/private) and dominant orientations (research/teaching). Archival sources and semi-structured interviews are used to collect data. Findings show that homogeneity pervades the market and non-market strategies with diversity appearing on a smaller-scale while governance structures are more likely to display differences.
Keywords: higher education; state-dependent higher education systems; market strategy in higher education; non-market strategy in higher education; university governance; public universities; foundation universities; Turkey.
Ethical Leadership and Employee Behaviours: Mediating Roles of Ethical Climate Types and Employee Attitudes in Higher Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina
by Muhammet Sait Dinc
Abstract: This study uses structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the direct and indirect relationships among ethical leadership, ethical climate types, facets of job satisfaction, organisational commitment components and dimensions of organisational citizenship behaviour of 515 employees working at public and private universities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The SEM result demonstrated that \'law and code\' and \'caring\' types of ethical climate, \'overall job satisfaction \' and \'normative\' and \'affective commitment\' were found to mediate the latter relationship. Ethical leadership was also a highly important predictor of the \'caring\' and \'law and code\' types of ethical climate and \'normative commitment\'. \'Caring\' climate was found to be a highly significant predictor of \'normative commitment\'. Moreover, while \'caring\' climate was shown to be an important predictor of \'overall job satisfaction\' and \'affective comitment\', \'overall job satisfaction\' was shown to have a significant influence on \'altruism\' organisational citizenship behaviour.
Keywords: Ethical leadership; Ethical climate types; Job satisfaction facets; Organisational commitment components; Organisational citizenship behaviour dimensions.
Theory of Planned Behaviour to Predict Parents Awareness and Intention to Participate in School Governing Body Elections
by Samkelisiwe Levin, Norman Chiliya, Mazanai Musara
Abstract: This study investigated the factors that affect the intention of parents from selected high schools to participate in School Governing Body (SGB) elections. A research model for the investigation was developed and empirically examined, using responses from 263 parents of high school learners from the two selected high schools. The study is therefore based on a case study of the two selected high schools. Based on Ajzens theory of planned behaviour (TPB), three variables were hypothesised to influence parents intention to participate in these elections; namely, attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control. The study also considers SGB Elections as a brand that needs to be promoted hence the brand equity theory is used to test relations between brand awareness and intention to participate. Structural equation modeling (SEM) using SPSS 23 and AMOS 21 statistical software programs was performed to analyse data. The results provide evidence that the three variables in the TPB have a significant influence on parents intentions to participate in SGB elections. Brand awareness was also found to have a significant influence on parents intentions to participate in SGB elections. The value of findings of this study lies in their potential in guiding education authorities and their marketing partners to design the most appropriate interventions when attempting to persuade parents to participate in SGB elections and the ultimate functional management of schools.
Keywords: School Management; School Governing Body elections; Theory of Planned Behaviour.