International Journal of Management in Education (20 papers in press)
- Universal-Diverse Orientation of Business, Education, and Social Work students in a northeastern comprehensive university
by Hermeet Kohli, Flynn Ross, Amarpreet Kohli, Cheng Peng
Abstract: Purpose of this interdisciplinary research was to measure the level of multicultural awareness, sensitivity to, and understanding of difference, and intercultural competence when working in diverse environments in the undergraduate and graduate Business, Education and Human Development, and Social Work students using the UDO (MGUD-S Survey). Convenient purposive sampling was utilized to invite students enrolled in these three schools to participate in web based descriptive survey research. Students in Social Work had the greatest UDO, followed by students in Education and Human Development, and the Business students. Interdisciplinary differences in context of variables such as degree, number of prior diversity courses, exposure to diverse cultures, gender, spirituality, and political affiliation, are discussed, along with recommendations for education and practice.
Keywords: business, cultural competence, difference, diversity curriculum, education and human development, graduate, interdisciplinary, social work, UDO (Universal-Diverse Orientation), undergraduate
- Data mining applications with the admission data of adult learners in higher education A pilot study
by Sylvia Chong, Mabelene Mak, Wai Mun Loh
Abstract: Admission offices are inundated with information from a variety of data sources and applications. This includes admission data such as student profiles and demographics as well as academic and professional experiences. The paper outlines a pilot study that uses data mining applications with the admission data of adult learners in a Singapore university. The application methodology has a sequence of four phases that leads to the building of relevant data mining models. The analysis of the admission data is used to determine the best-fit model to predict applicants academic performance. From the evaluation and validation of the different predictive models, the CHAID decision tree is selected as the predictive model. With this model, the probability of academic performance is computed for incoming and existing students by tracing the decision tree.
Keywords: Higher Education, adult learners, Data mining, analytics
- Developing a framework of internationalization for higher education institutions in Malaysia: A SWOT analysis
by Milad Kalantari Shahijan, Sajad Rezaei, Christopher Nigel Preece
Abstract: Higher education internationalization has been understood in terms of the interchanging of ideas cultures, knowledge, and values. Internationalization is a significant indicator for quality in higher education which has been attracting the interest of scholars throughout the world. The purpose of this study is to develop a framework of internationalization for the higher education sector in Malaysia. This paper includes a higher education institutions (HEIs) internationalization SWOT analysis for decision making Malaysian international HEIs. The paper reveals that it is important for Malaysia to promote itself as an education hub in South East Asia. However, there are some issues and challenges regarding HEIs internationalization in the Malaysian context. Malaysia should seek comprehensive, attractive and supportive student packages to engage a larger number of international students. Malaysia, like other developing countries, is striving to take its higher educational system to a higher level of performance. This study is among few attempts is conducting SWOT analysis within HEI in Malaysia.
Keywords: Higher education institutions (HEIs); internationalization; SWOT analysis; Malaysia
- Students learning styles and appropriate teaching methods: experience from Iran
by Mehrdad Pouya, Reza Movahedi
Abstract: This study was aimed at determining students
Keywords: Learning Style; Teaching Methods; Learning Outcome; Agriculture; Experiential Learning
- Recruitment in Higher Education Institution: The Mediating Role of Parents Expectations and Encouragement
by Joseph Sia, Ahmed Rageh Ismail
Abstract: Previous research has successfully demonstrated the direct relationship between parents education, parents expectation and encouragement and college choice decision; however, study on the possibility of variables having a mediating role on college choice decision has yet to be investigated. This article attempts to address this knowledge gap and seeks to serve a provocative role in explaining students college choice decision. The study was conducted among prospective students in Malaysia. The results revealed the direct and indirect relationship between parents education and college choice decision. The results support all of the hypothesised relationships, suggesting the importance of the role of parents expectation and encouragement in the students decision to enrol in higher education institution. Hence this significant finding implies that the challenges of higher learning institutions are not only to focus on the vital attributes that are influencing students college choice decision but also strategies to engage with parents so that students will decide to enrol in the marketed higher learning institution. Theoretical and managerial implications, limitations and future research were also discussed.
Keywords: Higher Education Recruitment; College choice decision; Parentsâ€™ education; Parentsâ€™ expectation and encouragement; higher education institution
- CORPORATE GOVERNANCE MECHANISM FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS IMPARTING HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA
by Niladri Das, J.K Pattanayak
Abstract: This paper aims to assess the relevance of two models of corporate governance for academic institutions imparting higher education in India. In order to achieve this, the paper draws on theories of for-profit governance, particularly the stewardship model, and theories of non-profit governance, particularly the stakeholder model. Theoretical insights from these literatures are then combined with the emerging literature on organizations within the educational sector in India. An empirical study has been undertaken to identify the appropriateness of both theories in the governance of Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs). The paper argues that HEIs in India may be more likely to exhibit a hybrid of both stewardship and stakeholder model of governance. Practitioners within higher educational institutions and those operating in advisory roles in the sector may benefit from the study as it may offer a possible governance solution to the distinctive management challenges being faced by educational sector.
Keywords: Corporate Governance, Higher Educational Institutions, Stakeholder Model, Stewardship Model
- Organisational legitimacy in sport management programmes: An application of a scale
by Gonzalo Bravo, Doyeon Won
Abstract: The purpose of the study was twofold. First, to develop a scale that measures the three dimensions of organizational legitimacy (cognitive, normative and regulative) in the context of sport management programmes. Specifically, it examines which dimensions of programme legitimacy were perceived to be more important to influence postgraduate students choice of a sport management programme. The secondary purpose was to compare the perceived importance of these legitimacy dimensions of a sport management programme between students and faculty members. Data was collected from 205 postgraduate students and 68 faculty members who participated in this study. Results based on confirmatory factor analysis and t-tests indicated that the cognitive dimension of the programme legitimacy was the most important, followed by the normative and regulative dimensions. Students placed greater importance on regulative legitimacy than faculty did. Meanwhile, faculty members were more sensitive to normative and cognitive legitimacy in comparison to students. This study suggests that newly establishing postgraduate programmes including sport management programmes should ensure their programme is well recognised and positioned among peer institutions and potential students. Results also suggest that perceptual differences exist between students and faculty members in regards to how these two groups identify which dimensions of programme legitimacy matter the most.
Keywords: Organisational legitimacy; market competition in higher education; new ventures; legitimacy scale; sport management programmes
- Performance Measurement System in Malaysian Public Research Universities: Is It Contemporary ?
by Sharul Effendy Janudin, Ruhanita Maelah
Abstract: Performance measurement system (PMS) is an important and effective mechanism to ensure managers performance is in line with the objectives of an organization. Positive effects of PMS on organization performance are supported by empirical research but the study on contemporary elements of PMS especially in an education setting is still lacking. Previous studies on PMS dimensions tend to focus on a single construct. This study aims to examine the existence of strategic, comprehensive and dynamic dimensions in university PMS. Cross sectional data were obtained from academic staff representing five research universities in Malaysia (N = 368). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modelling (SEM) demonstrates that strategic, comprehensive and dynamic elements exist in university PMS. The findings from this study contribute to the line of research in the area of PMS design. Practically, the findings can be used as a guideline by universities in designing the PMS.
Keywords: performance measurement system, university performance, institutions of higher learning, management in university
- Substitutes for leadership among the faculty of institutions of higher education and their moderating effects on leadership styles and individual outcomes
by Ghulam Hussain, Wan Khairuzzaman Bin Wan Ismail , Muhammad Amir Rashid, Fareeha Nisar
Abstract: We test (a) the direct effects of leadership styles and substitutes for leadership on followers outcomes and (b) the moderating effects of substitutes for leadership on the relationship between leadership styles and followers outcomes. We use a random sampling technique to define a sample of 416 Ph.D. faculty members of institutions of higher education who are on the list of Higher Education Commission (HEC)-approved Ph.D. supervisors. Using structural equation modeling, we find that leadership styles and substitutes for leadership have significant effects on followers outcomes and that some of the substitutes for leadership also significantly moderate the relationship between leadership styles and followers outcomes in a manner consistent with the substitutes for leadership proposition. Discussion, implications, and limitations of the study are offered.
Keywords: Higher education, leadership, leadership styles, substitutes for leadership and outcomes
- The structural model of relationship between spiritual intelligence and emotional intelligence with quality of work life and work engagement of employees
by Fariba Karimi, Zahra Karimi
Abstract: This study was performed with the aim of investigating the structural model between spiritual intelligence and emotional intelligence with quality of work life and work engagement of employees in Islamic Azad University of Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan). The research method was correlational descriptive type. The statistical population was the employees of Islamic Azad University of Isfahan Branch (Khorasgan) in a number of 340 persons, among which 180 people were selected using Krejcie & Morgan (1970) sampling table and with simple random sampling method. To measure the variables, the questionnaires of King (2008) spiritual intelligence, Bradbury & Greaves (2005) emotional intelligence, Walton (1975) quality of work life and Schaufeli (2001) work engagement were used. The reliability of questionnaires has been calculated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient for spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence, quality of work life and work engagement as 0.90, 0.85, 0.84 and 0.78, respectively. To analyze the research results, Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling have been used. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between spiritual intelligence with quality of work life and work engagement, and between emotional intelligence with quality of work life and work engagement as well. Structural equation modeling results indicated that spiritual intelligence has a direct effect on quality of work life (0.51) and work engagement (0.21). Emotional intelligence has a direct impact quality of work life (0.54) and work engagement (0.42), quality of work life has also a direct effect on work engagement (0.40). Spiritual Intelligence has had an indirect effect on work engagement (0.21) through quality of work life, as well as emotional intelligence that has had an indirect impact work engagement (0.22) through quality of work life. The model had favorable conditions in terms of indices of model fit and data goodness.
Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence, emotional intelligence, quality of work life, work engagement, Structural Equation Modeling, Employees of University
- Difficulties in Adapting Feedback for Individual Learning Styles in the Arabic Teacher Assisting and Subject Adaptive Material (TASAM) System
by Nahla Aljojo, Iqbal Alsaleh, Areej Alshamasi
Abstract: According to a great deal of research, students learn in highly individualised ways. Adapting technology-enhanced learning to individual learning styles is a demonstrated means of improving educational outcomes and of enhancing learning experiences. This paper suggests that information may be conveyed in a number of ways. Creating educational systems that effectively meet the learning needs of different individuals, however. The TASAM (Teacher Assisting and Subject Adaptive Material) system attempts to meet this objective by taking an Arabic version of Felder-Silvermans learning styles as the foundation for creating learning resources and tailoring the teaching process for individual students. This paper aims to explore ways in which to evaluate the efficiency of adaptive learning systems. Suggestions will subsequently be offered for possible methods of adapting feedback within the TASAM system. The findings of this study seem to demonstrate a positive correlation between adaptation of learning styles and enhanced educational outcomes.
Keywords: Learning styles, Felder-Silverman learning style model, feedback, adaptive TASAM, Arabic cohort
- Conflicting stakeholder interest and accountability in non-governmental organizations
by Klemen Kavcic, Bojan Mevlja, Igor Rižnar
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to summarize and analyze what is known regarding the ways in which conflicting stakeholder interest may influence accountability. The interests of stakeholders in non-profit organizations (NPOs) as well as the purposes of these organizations are not uniform. The authors used a systematic review process to study the empirical evidence pertaining to how a stakeholder perspective helps to understand accountability in and the influences of stakeholders in the Slovenian non-governmental educational organizations. Research provides an empirical analysis from a survey of 78 representatives of Slovenian non-governmental educational organizations. The objective of this paper is to improve the understanding of the accountability relationship between internal and external stakeholders and development NGOs, and in particular to elucidate the highly correlated influences of both parties (external and internal influences of stakeholders).
Keywords: accountability, management in education, non-governmental educational organization, stakeholders
- Using the Industry as a Model for Better Learning Experience in Higher Education
by Per Hilletofth, David Eriksson, Peter Manfredsson
Abstract: The aim of this study is to evaluate how industrial approaches to learning can be introduced into logistics/supply chain management (SCM) education programs in a university setting. This issue has been examined through two case studies. The first case study outlines the current state of a bachelor education program in logistics/SCM at the University of Bor
Keywords: Education, Teaching, Learning, Project-based learning, Logistics, Supply chain, Lean, Six Sigma
- Empirical Illustrations of Undergraduate Students Goal Pursuit Dynamics
by Shilpa Iyanna
Abstract: A body of extensive literature has compellingly emphasized that goals play an important role in influencing and directing consumer behaviour. However, Baumgartner & Pieters (2008) posit that systematic research on goal directed behaviour is still lacking. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to expand on previous studies and take the discussion a step further by providing empirical evidence that (1) illustrate how goals at different levels impact on each other as students progress through the various stages of consumption; and (2) examines the interaction and integration of resources in goal formation. A quasi-longitudinal qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews was employed in this study. The results suggest a shifting pattern in the goals as students progress in their undergraduate degree. The implications of these results for theory, practice and future research are discussed.
Keywords: Consumer Behaviour; Goal Hierarchy; Goal Formation; Stages of Consumption; Resource Integration
- Individual and school-level determinants of teacher change beliefs: a study in Malaysian high performing secondary school
by Tai Mei Kin, Omar Abdull Kareem
Abstract: The objectives of the study were to examine the level and the determinant factors of Teacher Change Beliefs (TCB). A total of 936 teachers from 47 High Performing Secondary School (HPSS) completed the survey. The findings revealed that teachers of HPSS scored high in TCB. The highest scores were observed in Discrepancy, followed by Principal Support and Efficacy. At the individual teacher-level, except gender, TCB was not reliably related to age, academic qualification, year of service in present job and school. At the school-level, TCB was reliably related to the level of Principal Change Leadership Competencies and location of HPSS.
Keywords: teacher change beliefs; discrepancy; principal support; efficacy; principal change leadership competencies; high performing schools; secondary schools; school reform; resistance to change; secondary education; school improvement; Malaysia; individual determinants; school-level determinants; gender; age; academic qualifications; length of service.
- Organisational level antecedents of learning organisations for Indian higher educational institutes: an exploratory study
by Saniya Chawla, Usha Lenka
Abstract: The new economy is marked by rapid globalisation and tough challenges. It not only offers threats but also provides certain opportunities. In order to have a sustainable business, organisations are taking initiatives to adopt new ways of working. The same holds true for educational institutes. There is a need for educational institutes to discard old ways of learning practices and adopt action-learning techniques to foster continuous learning. The aim of this paper is to formulate the items for organisational level antecedents of learning organisation and test them in Indian higher educational institutes to know if they are following these practices. With an extant literature review and expert opinion, an exploratory study has been done, using 300 responses from faculty members in 19 higher educational institutes. The final result obtained is an extraction of six factors of 54 items grouped into total quality management and supportive learning culture.
Keywords: learning organisations; total quality management; TQM; supportive culture; learning culture; item formulation; India; higher education institutes; HEIs; action learning; antecedents.
- Examining the link among cross-cultural adaptation, academic satisfaction and word of mouth in the context of international postgraduate students in Malaysia
by Azadeh Shafaei, Nordin Abd Razak
Abstract: This study was carried out to identify the outcomes of international postgraduate students' adaptation in a public university in Malaysia. A quantitative research approach was employed using online survey to get insights from international postgraduate students enrolled in a Master or PhD level program in a Malaysian public university. Simple random sampling procedure was applied to select the samples of the study. Overall, 206 international postgraduate students responded the questionnaire. The results confirmed the nexus among cross-cultural adaptation, academic satisfaction, and word of mouth in the context of international postgraduate students in Malaysia. Consequently, practical and managerial implications are presented.
Keywords: cross-cultural adaptation; academic satisfaction; word of mouth; WoM; education internationalisation; higher education; Malaysia; culture; student satisfaction; international students; postgraduate students; higher education; public universities.
- Educational data mining towards knowledge engineering: a review state
by Karan Sukhija, Manish Jindal, Naveen Aggarwal
Abstract: Data mining extracts the information from an enormous data provisions, often recognised as knowledge discovery in databases. It is procedure of semi-automatically examining huge amount of databases to discover valuable patterns. Knowledge management is a multifaceted approach that assists in attaining executive objectives by building the pre-eminent use of knowledge. This paper has threefold objective. Initially, it explains data mining process and numerous data mining techniques that help in the removal of concealed patterns. Furthermore, it elaborates the numerous tendencies and fields amended data mining technology for easy access and reclamation of valuable information. Data mining application area comprises marketing, telecommunication deception, funding, medicinal education area and so on. At last, emphases on educational data mining that is related with emerging techniques to explore the distinguished data gained from educational settings and consequences in dropping the intricacy of numerous data mining tools used by educationalists is given.
Keywords: educational data mining; knowledge engineering; knowledge discovery; databases; knowledge management.
- Teaching business ethics to Chinese undergraduate students: using the Hunt-Vitell experiential learning model
by Chen-Yu Feng, David D. Schein, Wei Song, Roger Collins
Abstract: Whereas Western literature on the teaching of business ethics is extensively developed, research of the subject in a non-Western setting is somewhat limited. This study investigated the possible impact of the teaching of business ethics on the cognitive competence and decision-making processes of Chinese business undergraduate students by using the Hunt-Vitell experiential learning model. A university in the northern region of the China was selected and a qualitative study, comprising both observation and in-depth, semi-structured interviews, was undertaken. The findings revealed that taking a business ethics course could have a significant effect on students' cognitive development, but little impact on their ethical decision-making process. The study identified an inconsistency between the students' comprehension of ethical principles and their application. Their behaviour when confronted with an ethical dilemma or situation was not consistent with the ethical theories they indicated could apply. The theoretical and the practical implications and the limitations of the study are noted. Directions for future study in this area are suggested.
Keywords: Hunt-Vitell model; business education; business ethics; China; undergraduate students; cognitive competence; ethical decision making; experiential learning; higher education.
- Adapting social enterprise to improve education quality: key findings at one Bangkok Metropolitan Administration school
by Kongkiti Phusavat, Kurniadi Setiono, Urszula Skurzynska-Sikora, Achmad Nizar Hidayanto, David Delahunty
Abstract: This study focuses on the roadblocks in adapting the concept of social enterprise to strengthen teaching and learning at the upper secondary school level for Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. This examination is part of the ongoing reforms in education in Thailand. One of the reforms aims to increase the level of curriculum flexibility and openness to external participation from entities such as private firms and non-governmental organisations. One specific school is extensively examined through interviews with the school director, instructor and students. The overall findings from the study highlight the possibility to involve the private sector in adapting the social enterprise concept in order to enhance educational quality. Specific examples for improvement interventions are demonstrated.
Keywords: social enterprise; project-based learning; PBL; education reform; education quality; Thailand; curriculum flexibility; external participation; secondary schools; secondary education; private sector.