International Journal of Learning and Change (6 papers in press)
Contributions of the Activity Theory to analyse disturbances in organisations: The case of solid waste management within a university hospital
by Carine Senger, Carine Maria Senger, Marco Antonio Pereira Querol
Abstract: Dilemmas, conflicts, disturbances, and contradictions are constantly
manifested in organisational environments, which stimulate changes and
learning. In order to comprehend the historical and systemic origins of these
events, it is necessary to research theoretical and methodological frameworks aiming at avoiding the misunderstanding of them as individual, shortsighted
and superficial. This studys objective is to identify and analyse disturbances
and contradictory manifestations in organisational management. The
development of this method is based on the Cultural-Historical Activity
Theory, which was empirically applied in the activity of solid waste
management of a university hospital. It was possible to analyse the existent
disturbances between the ideal disposals of hospital residues and how the
community has been discarding them. Therefore, it is necessary to understand
that the analysis of the disturbances needs to precede the identification of the
main hypothesis that causes the contradictions through the recuperation of the
main historical changes occurred.
Keywords: Cultural-Historical Activity theory. Organizational Learning. Organisational Change. Dilemmas. Disturbances. Contradictions. Solid waste management. University Hospital.
An effective teaching plan to introduce professional and practice-based education at tertiary institution
by Azizur Rahman
Abstract: Nowadays, the notion of professional and practice-based education (P&PBE) is a hot topic at tertiary education. P&PBE prepares the learners for profession oriented practice. It is always very challenging to introduce a P&PBE component within a service teaching subject in any academic fields. This paper focuses on the development of an effective teaching strategy for practical classes of a subject having highly technical and professionally applied contents at the university that directly tackles the challenge of introducing the P&PBE element in it. A case study has been conducted with an undergraduate level service subject in statistics for the science programs at the Charles Sturt University. Findings reveal that in the scientific subject a P&PBE component can be introduced as practical classes which foster profession oriented practice based problem-solving skills of students through a collaboratively effective and joyful learning environment. These findings are supported by some of the existing literature and the students' evaluation.
Keywords: learning; PCK; pedagogical content knowledge; professional and practice-based education; session leadership; statistics discipline; SWOT analysis.
Mentoring in a medical faculty: a chance for organisational learning
by Renate Petersen, Ruth Grümmer, Verena Jendrossek, Wolfgang Sauerwein, Ulrike Schara
Abstract: The use of mentoring in academia as a strategy to support individual academic careers has a long tradition. It has been shown that the combination of mentoring as well as training sessions to acquire interdisciplinary key competences and networking activities is suitable for enhancing the individual's skills in various ways. In addition, it is evident that mentoring has a strong link to organisational learning as individual and institutional aims become connected and personal knowledge is transformed into collective knowledge. To date, the impacts of mentoring programs on the organisational development in universities have received little or no attention.
Keywords: universities; postdoctoral researchers; career development; women; medicine; organisational development; learning organisation; human resources; knowledge transfer; networking.
Beyond empowering your workforce: learning organisation and employee empowerment - the case of Irbid District Electricity Company (IDECO)
by Yahya Melhem
Abstract: This research focuses on the impact of learning organisation on employee empowerment. Learning organisation, in this research, is measured by two building blocks: leadership that reinforces learning, and supportive learning environment (Garvin et al., 2008). These research hypotheses are tested using survey data from 160 knowledge workers at Irbid District Electricity Company in Northern Jordan. Results indicated that there is a significant impact of Leadership that reinforces learning, and Supportive learning environment on employee empowerment. The paper concludes with directions for future research and application.
Keywords: empowerment; learning organisation; supportive learning environment; leadership that reinforces learning.
The role of ontological learning levels in developing dynamic capabilities
by Victor Oltra, Salvador Vivas-López, Marta Peris-Ortiz
Abstract: This paper explores the links between the fields of dynamic capabilities and organisational learning (OL), emphasising the role of the different ontological learning levels. The resource-based view (RBV) is pinpointed as the key origin of the dynamic capabilities view (DCV), in connection with OL and knowledge management. Ontological learning levels are identified as key OL stages. The knowledge-based view (KBV) of the firm is introduced as a key link between OL processes and dynamic capabilities development. Specifically, we propose a novel and integrative framework for understanding the role that the RBV, the DCV, OL, and the KBV, have, in an inter-connected way, have played in achieving a progressively deeper understanding of the key internal sources of competitive advantage. Accordingly, our paper opens interesting opportunities for future inquiry, e.g., studying how different ontological learning levels may distinctively influence the development of particular types of dynamic capabilities (e.g., in design, marketing, etc.).
Keywords: dynamic capabilities; KBV; knowledge-based view; knowledge management; ontological learning levels; organisational learning.
Efficacy of an Android-based game intervention in the enhancement of face recognition skills for children with autism
by Anurag Sharma, Arun Khosla, Mamta Khosla, M. Yogeswara Rao
Abstract: This work investigated the extent to which an Android-based game intervention called SOCH FaceID was related to improvements in facial identification skills of participants with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). SOCH FaceID offers participants practising with face identification and memory enhancement skills in the form of three games. This study (N = 20) specifies that providing children with different opportunities to practice attending to faces, matching and remembering faces in SOCH FaceID structured environment improved their face identification abilities. Results verified that participants who received the intervention improved their face identification, memorising as well as impaired social skills. These results suggest that, by targeting face-processing skills, tablet-based interventions can generate changes in damaged skills in a cost and time-efficient manner.
Keywords: ASD; autism spectrum disorder; intervention; facial recognition; social interactions; game; tablet based interventions.