International Journal of Learning and Change (8 papers in press)
THE ROLE OF ONTOLOGICAL LEARNING LEVELS IN DEVELOPING DYNAMIC CAPABILITIES
by Victor Oltra, Salvador Vivas-López, Marta Peris-Ortiz
Abstract: This paper explores the links between the fields of dynamic capabilities and organisational learning (OL), emphasising the role of the different ontological learning levels. The resource-based view (RBV) is pinpointed as the key origin of the dynamic capabilities view (DCV), in connection with OL and knowledge management. Ontological learning levels are identified as key OL stages. The knowledge-based view (KBV) of the firm is introduced as a key link between OL processes and dynamic capabilities development. Specifically, we propose a novel and integrative framework for understanding the role that the RBV, the DCV, OL, and the KBV, have, in an inter-connected way, have played in achieving a progressively deeper understanding of the key internal sources of competitive advantage. Accordingly, our paper opens interesting opportunities for future inquiry, e.g., studying how different ontological learning levels may distinctively influence the development of particular types of dynamic capabilities (e.g., in design, marketing, etc.).
Keywords: dynamic capabilities; ontological learning levels; organizational learning; knowledge management; knowledge-based view.
Efficacy of an Android-based Game Intervention in Enhancement of Face Recognition Skills for Children with Autism
by Anurag Sharma, Arun Khosla, Mamta Khosla
Abstract: This work investigated the extent to which an Android-based game intervention called SOCH FaceID was related to improvements in facial identification skills of participants with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). SOCH FaceID offers participants practising with face identification and memory enhancement skills in the form of three games. This study (N = 20) specifies that providing children with different opportunities to practice attending to faces, matching and remembering faces in SOCH FaceID structured environment improved their face identification abilities. Results verified that participants who received the intervention improved their face identification, memorising as well as impaired social skills. These results suggest that, by targeting face-processing skills, tablet-based interventions can generate changes in damaged skills in a cost and time-efficient manner.
Keywords: ASD; Intervention; Facial recognition; Social interactions; Game; Tablet based interventions.
An effective teaching plan to introduce professional and practice-based education at tertiary institution
by Azizur Rahman
Abstract: Nowadays, the notion of professional and practice-based education
(P&PBE) is a hot topic at tertiary education. P&PBE prepares the learners for
profession oriented practice. It is always very challenging to introduce a
P&PBE component within a service teaching subject in any academic fields.
This paper focuses on the development of an effective teaching strategy for
practical classes of a subject having highly technical and professionally applied
contents at the university that directly tackles the challenge of introducing the
P&PBE element in it. A case study has been conducted with an undergraduate
level service subject in statistics for the science programs at the Charles Sturt
University. Findings reveal that in the scientific subject a P&PBE component
can be introduced as practical classes which foster profession oriented practice
based problem-solving skills of students through a collaboratively effective and
joyful learning environment. These findings are supported by some of the
existing literature and the students evaluation.
Keywords: Learning; pedagogical content knowledge; professional and practice-based education; session leadership; statistics discipline; SWOT analysis.
Influence of children's language choice on behaviour
by Dyah Werdiningsih
Abstract: The phenomenon of language choice undergone by children is a form of social behaviour formed by individual behaviour that refers to the patterns of culture in the community. Based on this idea, the paper examined the tendency of children's language choice, the reasons of tendency, and its influences on children's behaviour in everyday life. Furthermore, the author intended to highlight the hypothesis of Sapir-Whorf based on facts in the use of children's language in Malang city. From the results of the discussion on several examples of children's speech in Malang city, it can be concluded that: 1) children's language choice is limited to BJ Ngoko and BI BJ Kromo and BJ Kromo Inggil; 2) factors causing children's language use are the development of industrialisation and urbanisation, and 3) children's language choice influences the behaviour that is not polite to older people.
Keywords: collective consciousness; Sapir-Whorf hypothesis; use of language; children's behaviour.
Social emotional learning and self-regulation: the mediating role of critical thinking
by Serhat Arslan
Abstract: The aim of the study was to analyse the mediating effects of the critical thinking in the relationship between student self-regulation and social emotional learning. Critical thinking disposition scale, self-regulation scale, and social emotional learning scale were conducted to 367 university students. The present study showed that critical thinking and self-regulation were positively related to social emotional learning. Regression-based mediation analysis indicated that the effect of self-regulation on the social emotional learning initiative was mediated by critical thinking. These findings suggested that the self-regulation has both direct and indirect effects on social emotional learning.
Keywords: critical thinking; self-regulation; social emotional learning.
How outside opportunities affect alliance governance: evidence from the biotechnology industry
by Jongwook Kim
Abstract: In complex interfirm exchange relationships like alliances, firms that invest in relation-specific assets are likely to devise governance mechanisms, most prominently hierarchical control, to safeguard against various exchange hazards. However, if investing in relation-specific assets leads the focal alliance firm to discover new opportunities outside of the exchange relationship that can be exploited independent of its partner firm, then instead of seeking more control over the alliance, we may see such firms' incentives for seeking control over the alliance to be weakened. These different conditions are contrasted and explored empirically in the biotechnology alliance setting. Understanding the role of outside opportunities as an important driver of alliance governance can help to integrate the governance literature and the capabilities literature.
Keywords: alliance governance; incomplete contracting; outside opportunities; biotechnology.
Role of training and development practices in implementing change
by Shweta Maheshwari, Veena Vohra
Abstract: Implementing change effectively is critically significant given the changing organisational environment and high failure rate of change implementation. Training and development practices enable employee skill development facilitating effective change implementation. However, there is lack of studies describing role played by these practices in implementing change. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of training and development practices in implementing change thereby identifying factors that make these practices effective. Given the contextual nature of these practices, it is deemed essential to undertake study embedded in the context of large scale/transformational change. Multiple case study design is adopted to compare and contrast these practices across different organisational context. Findings suggested relationships and patterns leading to emergence of seven propositions, four themes and ten categories that describe the role of training and development practices in implementing change; explained under four themes; purpose, design, process and effectiveness.
Keywords: training and development; organisational change; change implementation; manufacturing sector.
An empirical study on the predictive role of SES on high school students' achievement in learning ESL
by Rajni Singh, Sanjiv Kumar Choudhary
Abstract: This paper reports the findings of the study on the relationship between socio-economic status (SES) variables and students' achievement in learning ESL (AESL) in a few selected secondary schools of India. Through this study an attempt has been made to predict which variable of SES affect students' AESL. A questionnaire survey has been used to collect information about SES variables (father and mother education, father and mother occupation and family income) of the students. The students' AESL in form of grades is taken from the schools. Data analyses have been done using SPSS by descriptive and inferential statistics. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple regression analysis findings indicated that students' AESL is dependent on five SES variables. Multiple regressions indicated that fathers' education, mothers' occupation and income are significant predictors. This reflects that there is a need to look into these factors in addition to school learning factors affecting students' learning English as a second language (ESL).
Keywords: socio-economic status; SES; English as a second language; ESL; secondary schools; analysis of variance; ANOVA; regression.