International Journal of Innovation and Learning (33 papers in press)
Personality Traits and Work Engagement: Does Team Member Exchange Make a difference?
by Khalifa I. Al Hosani, Hossam M. Abu Elanain, Mian Ajmal
Abstract: This study examines the impact that personality traits and team member exchange has on work engagement within the context of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) public sectors. The object of this study is to explore the influence of these factors on work engagement and to increase the level of understanding of employee work engagement. Moreover, the study contributes to the existing literature by providing a conceptual framework that demonstrates the mediating role of TMX between personality traits and work engagement. To date, this area of study has yet to be explored in sufficient depth in the context of the UAE, since researchers tend to overlook the role that TMX plays in shaping the impact of personality traits and work engagement. A self-administered questionnaire using a 5-item Likert scale consisting of personality traits, team member exchange, and work engagement was used with demographic variables in order to collect data on 550 employees working in two public sector organizations in the UAE, Emirate of Abu Dhabi, namely the Abu Dhabi food control authority (ADFCA) and the Abu Dhabi farmer service center (ADFSC). The study used different analytical methods, such as descriptive statistics and factor loading analysis. The study found personality traits to have a significant positive impact on team member exchange. Team member exchange was found to have a mediating effect on personality traits and work engagement. Implications of the study are discussed and lines for further research are suggested.
Keywords: Personality traits; Team Member Exchange; Work Engagement; Work place learning; United Arab Emirates.
MOOC in a Malaysian University: Preliminary Perceptions and Perspectives
by Shazmira Zulkafli, Fitri Suraya Mohamad
Abstract: MOOC is gaining momentum in Malaysia as it is seen as a game changer in the delivery of university courses to a wider audience, beyond the campus walls. At Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, the first MOOC course was designed and developed to deliver learning about ICT Competencies to university students at all public universities throughout the country. The study examined the perceptions and satisfaction levels among on-campus students who have enrolled into the MOOC course, as a first step to investigate the impact of the web-based instructional approach on higher learning. Two key aspects were focused; the pedagogical and technical assembly of the MOOC. The pedagogical aspect looked into the instructional design and assessment of contents in the course, while the technical aspect covered areas such as user interface, presentation of video content, provision of learning and social tools, and learning analytics. Findings indicated a significant relationship between each these elements with participants' satisfaction levels. It is clear that these elements are crucial in making MOOC a successful instructional supplement for undergraduate learning in Malaysia.
Keywords: Massive Open Online Courses; MOOC; higher education; student satisfaction; university learning.
Exploring the Technology Orientation Influence On The Innovativeness-Performance Relationship of Manufacturing SMEs
by MUHAMMAD SAQIB, Robin , Zulkifli Mohamed Udin
Abstract: The present research shows that the combination of the individual innovativeness factors does not contribute significantly enough towards the overall innovativeness of manufacturing SMEs in Oman thus not impacting the innovativeness-performance relationship even with the presence of technology. This appears to be quite consistent across the manufacturing SMEs in Oman. To enhance the innovativeness-performance relationship moderated by technology within manufacturing SMEs in Oman there is a need to develop the capability for or supporting research & development in SMEs sector, promote collaboration among SMEs, review Government legislation and support towards the SMEs, have a well-focused capacity building plan, and strive for a more competitive market.
Keywords: Innovativeness; Technology Orientation; SME; Performance;.
SOCIAL INNOVATION: WHAT DO WE KNOW AND DO NOT KNOW ABOUT IT
by Anderson Pacheco, Maria Santos, Karin Silva
Abstract: The objective of this research project involved establishing a scientific framework out of the most relevant research outputs on social innovation. To this end, we carried out bibliometric research of 1,150 works to provide an outline of the historical evolution of social innovation studies, the scientific fields that have done the most research on this theme as well as those works with the greatest influence over subsequent research. Drafting a map of citations traced the epistemological foundations of social innovation research and identified the micro-foundations to the field as well as the predominant conceptual references. Analysis of the most cited articles furthermore portrayed the most relevant theoretical approaches interconnected with the conceptual boundaries, the characteristics of social innovation processes and in addition to the more holistic perspective focusing on the surrounding contextual factors. The key contribution stems from setting out a theoretical guide to the research produced on social innovation.
Keywords: Social Innovation; Bibliometric Research; Social Entrepreneurship; Local Development.
Antecedents of Cost Innovation: The Combined Impact of Strategy and Organizational Culture
by Itiel Silva, Felipe Borini, Germano Reis, Maria Tereza Fleury, Leandro Santos
Abstract: The main goal of this paper is to verify how is the combined impact of organizational culture and organizational strategy on cost innovation development in Brazilian multinational enterprises. The research has quantitative approach performing a survey questionnaire to Brazilian multinationals. From an universe of 253 multinational enterprises a response was obtained from 60 of them. The multiple regression technique was used considering cost innovation as dependent variable, measured through a construct based in three dimensions, which verifies the enterprises effort to get cost innovation. In regards the independent variables, the approach was cultural profile and generic internationalization strategies of emerging enterprises. The results showed that the competition for cost innovation depends on the alignment between cultural profile and strategy.
Keywords: Cost Innovation; Organizational Strategy; Organizational Culture; Internationalization; Brazilian Multinationals.
THE INFLUENCE OF ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY ON PRODUCT INNOVATION IN SOUTHERN BRAZILIAN INDUSTRIES
by Raquel Engelman, Serje Schmidt, Cristiane Froehlich, Edi Madalena Fracasso
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of absorptive capacity (ACAP) on product innovation in industries of Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost state of Brazil. A total of 391 southern Brazilian firms of different sizes, from different sectors and technological intensities were considered by using a quantitative approach and structural equation modeling. The main results on this research confirm the influence of ACAP on innovation. More than 30% of innovations can be attributed to absorptive capacity. Furthermore, different dimensions of ACAP impact innovations in different ways, depending on the firms technological intensity. The paper contributes to a better understanding of these topics. The results showed which dimensions have a different influence on product innovation, considering firms technological intensity, which is an important finding to managerial practice. In terms of theoretical implications, the studys results show that ACAP has three dimensions, as initially proposed, rather than two or four
Keywords: dynamic capabilities; absorptive capacity; product innovation; Brazilian industries; technological intensity; Brazil.
Study on Problem-Based Learning towards Improving Soft Skills of Students in Effective Communication Class
by Sadia Deep, Berhannudin Mohd Salleh, Hussain Othman
Abstract: A bulk of studies indicates an improvement of various soft skills through applying Problem-based learning (PBL) approach but there is still a dearth of such pedagogies in the Asia region. The core objective of this study was, therefore, to identify the effects of electronic PBL on the soft skills, conflict resolution traits, and aspects of enhancing group learning among undergraduate. Through a mixed method approach, a total 57 students from different faculties at Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia participated in the semester-long research study. Pretest and posttest were administered at the beginning and end of the semester along with observing the sessions and analysing the documents. The computation of mean compared with the standard value of the mean of the pre and post-test revealed the significant effect of PBL on improving the soft skills of the students and enhancing group learning including overcoming communication conflicts. The observation and document analysis supported the findings obtained from the questionnaire.
Keywords: Problem-Based Learning; Soft Skills; Conflict Resolution Skills; Group Learning; Mixed Methods; Social Media; Communication conflicts.
Moodle quizzes as a teaching tool in English for Academic Purposes course
by Wajeeh Daher, Ahmad Amer
Abstract: Moodle is a learning management system (LMS) whose popularity, as an adjunct to traditional courses ("blended" or "hybrid") or as a tool for distance education programs in various disciplines, is rapidly increasing. The research goal was to examine college students acceptance of this LMS for learning English for Academic Purposes course (EAP), when Moodle is rich in quizzes. One hundred twenty-nine B.Ed. college students from two specializations (special-education and early-childhood) participated in the research. The Technology Acceptance model was used to examine college students acceptance of this version of Moodle. The research results demonstrate that the participants rated the experience above average. In addition, the results show that the three components PU, CSE, and PEU are proved key determinants, not only of EAP students attitudes towards Moodle platform that is rich in quizzes, but also their future use of this platform as academic learners, and thus as teachers. The participants intrinsic and extrinsic motivations had significant correlations with the five components of Moodle acceptance for EAP.
Keywords: Moodle quizzes; English for Academic Purposes; technology acceptance; college students.
Creating and integrating relevant educational cartoons with scenario based learning (SBL) strategies to impart long term ethics learning
by Mrinal Musib
Abstract: Active and interactive learning are considered harbingers to life-long learning and many have recommended appropriate integration of technology and teaching methodologies to impart authentic learning. It is of utmost importance that classroom teaching be relevant and should involve potential real-life ethical situations that the students may face in the workplace. We thus need to ensure that the students retain and find application of their learning that they have accomplished in the classroom, outside the classroom. In this study I have endeavoured to create relevant skits/plays which have been converted to educational cartoons to teach ethics to undergraduate engineering students. The students assumed the role of individual characters as depicted in the script/skit and engaged in open-ended discussion post identifying the ethical context addressed in the script. These cartoons would be used as flipped classrooms to enhance authentic and life-long learning experience to impart an innovative/novel way of teaching and learning. Data and feedback were collected from participating students and which was very encouraging.
Keywords: Scenario based learning; active learning; student feedback; educational cartoons; MOOC’s; SoTL; ethics; authentic and life-long learning; innovative teaching; technology enhanced learning.
REPRESENTATION OF TEACHING STRATEGIES BASED ON CONSTRUCTIVISM IN SOCIAL STUDIES
by Polona Jančič, Vlasta Hus
Abstract: The constructivist approach emphasises students active roles in the education process, as well as their capabilities of developing their own knowledge by themselves based on experience and previous knowledge. This empirical study outlines research on the representation of the constructivist approach, focused on didactic strategies, conducted among 181 lower primary school teachers teaching social studies in Slovenia in the fourth or fifth grades in the academic year 2015/2016. The results have shown that teachers believe that they have a basic knowledge on constructivism and that in their opinion it is possible to teach social studies according to constructivism. Results also show that the selection of didactic strategies for individual content matches special didactic recommendations offered by the curriculum for social studies and that the social studies teachers most often decide to use experiential-, research- and problem-based learning. It is due to lack of time and too many students per class, constructivism-oriented teaching strategies are not used to a greater extent.
Keywords: primary school; teachers; social studies; constructivism; teaching strategies.
Influence of Visualised Reflection on Solving Socio-Economic Problems- A Case from Youth Economy Forums
by Mohamed Buheji
Abstract: Reflection have been well studied in psychology, education and management literature, however rarely its value been realised through approaching its influence on socio-economic value. In this paper, the mechanism of reflection is dissected and then applied on five groups of youth economy forum projects to see how youth use would use visualised reflection on solving socio-economic problems. The youth experience and mindset is evaluated through the presentations that presented the influence of youth visualisation, critical reflection on the socio-economic problems before, during and after the youth economy forum.
Impact of the visualisation and critical reflection on the youth capacity and innovativeness in solving socio-economic problem is investigated. Each socio-economic project is evaluated by the projects stakeholders. Teams observations and their participation in feedback surveys helped to address whether youth capacity for solving socio-economic problems can be enhanced through specific procedures that would enhance their visualisation and critical reflection. The results show clear empowerment of youth in tackling complex problems, can come from simple methodologies and without the need for extra resources.
The researcher recommends further longitudinal studies in this line to optimise the utilisation of youth visualised reflection in solving further socio-economic problems in different countries to overcome the study geographical limitation.
Keywords: Reflection; Critical Reflection; Learning; Visualisation; Socio-Economy; Innovativeness; Youth Economy.
Video games with violent contents and family resilience factors
by Mirjana Radetic-Paic
Abstract: Researches have appeared recently which explain the correlation between video games and aggression and include the third variable. In this research the possible variables included were variables linked to family resilience. Its aim is to determine the correlation between playing video games with violent contents and certain students family resilience, as well as to determine their predictive value. The purpose of the research is linked to planning adequate preventive interventions for the young. The convenient sample of examinees was formed by first-year students of the Faculty of Educational Sciences of the Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, Croatia. The regression analysis as a multivariate method for data processing has been used and it established the prognostic value of the group of predictive variables. In general, it can be concluded that showing emotions, responsibility and keeping promises inside a family can be linked to playing video games with non-violent contents.
Keywords: video games; violent contents; aggressiveness; family resilience factors; emotions; long-term desensitization effects; university students.
Preliminary design and implementation of embedding information literacy into an undergraduate engineering course
by Hathairat Kunakornsakul, Pichet Pinit, Raghu Echempati
Abstract: Engineering students need content-relevant information literacy (IL) experience for critical acquiring and using information in academic to professional life. Modular learning becomes a self-directed and connectivism approach that blends IL and subject learning outcomes explicit to students. However, there is rarely applicable model for this entire integration. This paper presents the design and implementation of modular learning with embedding of IL into a learning course (ei2LC). The modules were designed with 1) Core concepts of an engineering subject; 2) Core concepts of IL; and 3) Instructional design, for a course on Machinery and Design, and presented to 32 undergraduate students. Pre and post-IL assessment were administrated to reveal their IL skills improvement. The results indicate their progress on IL skills and valuable feedbacks. This study shows how to embed a cohesive IL experience in all elements of an engineering course as a seamless instruction and a concept in other courses.
Keywords: information literacy; self-directed learner; modular learning; learning outcomes; instructional design; feedback; reflection; Machinery and Design; engineering students.
Evaluating the influence of error management culture factors on human resources productivity and strategic human capital - The case of Mobarakeh Steel Company
by Ali Sheikhaboumasoudi, Ali Nasr Isfahani, Ali Shaemi Barzoki
Abstract: The main aim of this study is to determine factors influencing the error management culture and investigating the impact of such factors on the development of strategic human capital and human resources productivity. Mobarakeh Steel Company has been selected as the case study and mixed (qualitative-quantitative) method has been applied for data analysis. In the qualitative and quantitative analyses, 25 executive managers and 153 experienced employees have been selected, respectively. The influencing factors as prerequisites for effective management of error in the organization's culture were determined as changing the attitude and belief of management toward error, paying attention to all dimensions of error management, balanced learning in all departments of the company, integrated actions for establishing an error management culture and a fundamental development in the human resources system of the company. Findings indicate that the managers focused on the importance and stronger support of the importance of the main factors affecting the error management culture. Also, a platform was created for the development of strategic human capital with a learning-from-errors approach and encouraging the organization to improve human resource productivity.
Keywords: error; learning from error; error management culture; strategic human capital; human resource productivity.
EMULSION LIQUID MEMBRANE FOR LEAD REMOVAL: INTENSIFIED LOW SHEAR EXTRACTION
by Nur Qudus, Adhi Kusumastuti, Samsudin Anis, Abdul Latif Ahmad
Abstract: Considering the harmful effects of lead as one of heavy metals commonly found in contaminated-groundwater to environment and living organism, its removal is a great challenge. This study focused on intensification of lead removal using emulsion liquid membrane with the aid of a low shear counter rotating Taylor-Couette column (TCC) extractor. The paper provides a technological innovation process to improve lead removal from liquid waste using TCC. Emulsion was prepared using TOA, Span 80, kerosene, and ammonia as extractant, surfactant, diluent, and stripper, respectively. Feed solution composed of lead nitrate in deionised water and HCl to adjust the pH. The emulsion and feed solution were then contacted in TCC for lead extraction at various conditions including HCl concentration, initial feed concentration, volume ratio of emulsion to feed phase, extraction time, and ratio of angular frequency of outer and inner cylinders. The results showed that the system was capable of extracting lead with high removal efficiency. The best extraction performance was obtained at HCl concentration of 0.1 M, initial feed concentration of 40 ppm, volume ratio of emulsion to feed phase of 1/5, extraction time of 7 min, and angular frequency ratio of 0.5. Overall, the use of low-shear TCC process intensified the mixing of emulsion and feed phases well that avoiding emulsion instability during the process.
Keywords: Emulsion liquid membrane; lead removal; Taylor-Couette column; intensification; low shear extraction; novel extraction technology; innovation.
The Teaching of Innovation and Environmental Sustainability and its Relationship with Entrepreneurship in Southern Brazil
by Eliana Andréa Severo, Alessandro Becker, Julio Cesar Ferro De Guimaraes, Claudio Rotta
Abstract: To the extent that innovation, entrepreneurship and environmental sustainability have been configured as good opportunities for organizations and society, Innovation Teaching and Environmental Sustainability Teaching have gained importance for the development of an entrepreneurial mindset that can contribute to openness and management of organizations and for the preservation of the environment. Thus, this study aims to analyze the relationship between the constructs Innovation Teaching, Environmental Sustainability Teaching and Entrepreneurship, in the perception of students of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in southern Brazil. The methodology used was a quantitative research, applied to 502 students of higher education, analyzed through the modeling of structural equations. The results highlight that encouraging entrepreneurship has become a high-priority topic in teaching-learning practices, as entrepreneurial activities are being considered as a driving force for innovation. In addition, it is important to highlight that Innovation Teaching is an important way to enhance the entrepreneurial mindset of college students, which may contribute to the local economy, to the opening of new businesses, and to the income generation without environmental damage.
Keywords: Innovation Teaching; Environmental Sustainability Teaching; Entrepreneurship; Higher Education.
Interactive Electronic Textbook Use in Higher Education: Grades, Engagement, and Student Perceptions
by Jonathan Allred, Cheryl Murphy
Abstract: A trend towards electronic textbooks (e-textbooks) in higher education has given cause for additional research regarding their effectiveness when compared with traditional print textbooks. There is a lack of research specifically regarding interactive e-textbookstexts that have been enriched with embedded links, videos, quizzes, or other activities. This study presents the findings from an introductory education course within a large university in the United States that began using an interactive e-textbook as the dominant text for the course. Correlation was measured between student grades and three different elements of an interactive electronic textbook: total time spent logged into the e-textbook, student engagement level, and percent of interactive activities accessed. Student perceptions of the e-textbook were also gathered. Results showed significant positive correlation between overall course grades and two of the three variables tested (time and engagement). Survey results revealed a high level of comfort and convenience using the interactive e-textbook.
Keywords: electronic textbooks; e-textbooks; interactive textbooks; engagement; textbooks; grades; learning; higher education; student perceptions; print textbooks; time; activities.
Gamification as an innovative method in the processes of learning in higher education institutions
by Gláuber Guilherme Signori, Julio Cesar Ferro De Guimarães, Eliana Andréa Severo, Claudio Rotta, Claudio Rotta
Abstract: The increasing speed of technological innovations has made it easier for students to access information. In this context, education/learning standards have sought to keep pace with a new student profile geared towards the digital environment by introducing new ways of learning that represent a compelling and innovative alternative for the development of student competencies. The study aims to analyse the relationship between innovation in education, engagement for learning and learning, as well as the moderating effect of the gamified method, within the scope of higher education institutions. It is a quantitative research, operationalised through a survey, applied to students of management courses in higher education institutions located in the South of Brazil. Structural equation modelling was used to analyse the data. The results of the research showed the moderating effect of gamification in the learning process, indicating that students present a higher level of learning when exposed to the teaching method that uses the gamified method. It is worth noting that this study proposed to the academic community a framework for the analysis of innovation in education, engagement for learning and learning.
Keywords: innovation in education; gamification-based learning; active learning; engagement for learning; higher education; structural equation modelling.
Applying PBL to teaching robotics
by Yair Zadok, Nadav Voloch
Abstract: More than 30 years ago, new ventures in the field of robotics began to appear in the educational systems all over the world. Robotics projects can serve as a good platform for the implementation of meaningful learning characteristics, such as finding interest and challenge, sense of control in the learning process and personal empowerment. In addition, this practice contributes to the fostering of high-order skills, such as metacognitive thinking, problem solving, creativity and teamwork. In recent years, the Israeli Ministry of Education adopted the participation of students in robotics competitions, which exposes students to the world of engineering challenges by building an autonomous robot which performs a number of tasks on the job board, under the guidance of teachers and instructors. This article describes a case study that addressed two main issues related to the project-based learning method. It examined the relationship between project-based learning, robotics and project management fundamentals, and the teacher's preference for adopting a possible solution for implementing this method optimally.
Keywords: robotics; project-based learning; PBL; project management.
Unpacking cognitive skills engaged in web-search: how can log files, eye movements, and cued-retrospective reports help? An in-depth qualitative case study
by Esther Argelagós, Saskia Brand-Gruwel, Halszka M. Jarodzka, Manoli Pifarré
Abstract: Searching the internet with a specific purpose has become an important activity. Educational research informs that a better understanding of the cognitive skills involved in this activity is needed, but it is not clear which research techniques can be used for this purpose. One student performed a web-search task and was registered by three different techniques: log files, eye movements, and cued-retrospective reports. With a qualitative analysis, we attempt to provide a two-fold contribution: 1) a thorough analysis about the information retrieved from the three techniques separately; 2) developing a methodology for integrating the information captured from the three techniques. Results showed that log files and eye movements gave insight into cognitive outcomes of skills, and cued-retrospective delivered self-explanations of cognitive and regulation activities. This integration provided an overall and comprehensive picture of the cognitive skills performed and allowed building a synergism among the information captured from each technique.
Keywords: web-search; information-problem solving; log files; eye movements; cued-retrospective reports; unpacking cognitive skills; internet; in-depth case study; qualitative; techniques; synergism; innovation; learning.
The process of interorganisational learning in the context of spatial agglomeration
by Anelise Rebelato Mozzato, Claudia Cristina Bitencourt
Abstract: This paper aims to understand the process of interorganisational learning (IOL) in spatial agglomeration. We propose an IOL model to analyse the horizontal relations between actors in different social spaces based on episodes of learning in a Brazilian stone-sector spatial agglomeration. We collected data on 81 participants and analysed them based on content analysis with NVivo 9. The main results highlight an IOL integrative model that presents: 1) the constituent elements of IOL; 2) the role played by different actors; 3) the relationships and the intensity of the bonds established between these actors.
Keywords: interorganisational learning; spatial agglomeration; episodes of learning; cooperation; interorganisational relations; social learning spaces; developing country; trust; social proximity; social interaction; interdependence; susceptibility for learning; learning; Brazil.
Predicting young researchers' university-industry collaboration using theory of planned behaviour
by Ana Arzenšek, Katarina Košmrlj, Nada Trunk Širca
Abstract: The theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1991) was applied to explore intentions of young researchers' involvement in research projects in order to evaluate knowledge transfer within the Slovenian Young Researchers Program. With this, research gap of university intention to cooperate in joint research projects with industry was addressed. The research uses data from a national survey to test which determinants affect their intention and behaviour with respect to cooperating actively with industry and transferring their knowledge to end users. It was found that attitudes and subjective norms significantly influence the intention to engage in university-industry cooperation, explaining over 65% of variability in intention, while perceived behavioural control is not an influencing variable. Results confirm that Ajzen's theory can be applied to the case of cooperation of universities with industry; however, only two of the model's influencing factors proved effective. According to the findings of the study, the implications for the program and its university-industry cooperation are discussed.
Keywords: university-industry collaboration; UIR; theory of planned behaviour; TPB; attitude; subjective norm; perceived behavioural control; intention; learning and innovation in higher education; HEI; higher education management; multiple regression analysis; discriminant analysis; young researchers; Young Researchers Program.
Knowledge sourcing in a traditional industry: prospects of peripheral regions
by János Gyurkovics, Zsófia Vas
Abstract: Despite its economic relevance, only a few studies focus on knowledge creation, diffusion and utilisation in traditional industries located in peripheral regions, and even fewer on the innovation interdependencies between industries and regions. The theory of differentiated knowledge bases is capable to explain both the industrial and spatial patterns of the knowledge flows. The present study aims to reveal the process of innovation-related knowledge sourcing in the printing industry located in the peripheral region of Kecskemét, Hungary. The research builds on three main questions: what are the main sources of new knowledge? Who are the main collaborative partners in knowledge acquisition and transfer? And what is the main spatial level of knowledge sourcing? The results indicate that in a peripheral region, innovative firms build on the combination of direct and indirect knowledge sources mostly external to the region, while the non-innovative ones typically rely on local, incomplex knowledge sources.
Keywords: innovation; differentiated knowledge bases; traditional industry; peripheral region; Hungary; knowledge sourcing.
Special Issue on: EIC 2017 Innovation and Learning of Vocational Education
The instructional media development of welding practice course based on PjBL model: enhance student engagement and student competences
by Nizwardi Jalinus, Rahmat Azis Nabawi
Abstract: This paper aims to describe the quality of the instructional media based on project based learning model at welding practice course. The research method used was research and development. The subjects were lecturers and students of Mechanical Engineering program of Vocational Education department. The results of research and development were: (1) the validity of the instructional media was categorized as valid by expert judgments; (2) the practicality of instructional media, syllabus and lecture unit for lecturers were practical and very helpful as a guidance in the implementation of project based learning model, and the students responded that the learning module were practical and very useful to use as a guidance and a source of learning of project based learning model; (3) the effectiveness of instructional media was effective in enhancing student engagement and student competencies.
Keywords: instructional media; project based learning; student engagements; student competences; vocational education; welding practice.
Enhancing Student Clustering to Generate Adaptive Metacognitive Instructions in Learning System for Vocational High School
by Indriana Hidayah, Teguh Bharata Adji, Noor Akhmad Setiawan, Norliza Abd.Rahman
Abstract: Adaptivity in learning systems depends on accuracy of learner modelling. Specifically, for generating cluster-based instructions, quality of student clustering is critical. Studies on student clustering are abundant; however, a system for clustering metacognitive that considers proper analysis technique of Likert-scaled dataset is unavailable. This article proposes a student clustering method which uses a new Likert scale analysis. It is performed on a dataset collected from 81 students of a vocational high school. The performance was compared to previous methods; enhancement is shown by higher silhouette-index and strong correlation with work readiness score. To evaluate the clustering effectiveness, it is implemented on an e-learning system to generate adaptive instructions. The e-learning system is a supplement for fundamental programming course in the school. The t-test result shows that learning gain of experiment group is significantly higher that of the control group. Therefore, the proposed method is effective in improving students learning quality.
Keywords: student clustering; Likert scale analysis; vocational high school; cluster-based metacognitive instructions.
Short Answer Scoring using W-Bleu for Regular Assessment In Vocational High School
by Feddy Setio Pribadi, Teguh Bharata Adji, Adhistya Erna Permanasari, Takashi Ninomiya
Abstract: The assessment process in a vocational school needs tools that can integrate both knowledge assessment and skill assessment, among which are the construct response question. One example of the construct response question is automated short answer scoring, which automatically assigns a score to the student short answer based on the reference answer. However, there is a problem with automated short-answer scoring that is how to overcome the difference in sentence length between student answer and reference answer that has the same meaning. The difference in the length of these sentences occurs because each student provides answers with different additional information. This paper proposes a method for handling the problem by weighting the key words that make up the sentence in the reference answer. This weighting process is done by modifying the Bleu method into Weighted Bleu (W-Bleu). The proposed method produces a process of automated short answer scoring that obtains a correlation value of 0.64 and root mean square error of 1.01.
Keywords: short answer scoring; vocational high school; text-to-text; weighted bleu.
LdesV, Computer-operated video: overcoming students difficulties in understanding automotive starting system
by Dwi Widjanarko, Wahyudi Wahyudi, Herminarto Sofyan, Herman Dwi Surjono, Abdurrahman Abdurrahman
Abstract: The invisible flow of electric current in the automotive electrical system circuit becomes a major problem for students to learn how electrical systems work. To overcome these problems, visualization of flow of electric current in automotive electrical circuit is necessary. In this study, short duration video was developed to visualize the flow of electric current and the video was applied during the learning process of automotive electrical system. The video was developed using DDD-E models and validated by some experts to assure that the video qualifies as a learning medium. The field trial was conducted through quasi-experimental design with single group pretest-posttest design. This experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of LdesV during learning process. The results showed that the students mastery of the starting system increased and varied significantly compared with before using LdesV. Therefore, the use of LdesV in learning was proven effective.
Keywords: LdesV; video; automotive electrical system; starting system.
Implementation of Monitoring System in Facial Acupressure Learning Media
by Eny Widhia Agustin, Arimaz Hangga, Anis Fikri Azhari, Muhammad Iqbal Fahrian, Erni Eka Ariyanti
Abstract: Some of facial acupressure learning media doesnt have monitoring system for learning evaluation so that the teacher could only predict the position accuracy of facial acupressure based on individual experience and assumption. This research aimed to provide monitoring system of facial acupressure learning media using mannequin head prototype and smartphone application. The results showed that the success rate of students who have practiced facial acupressure by looking at the display of monitoring system and got teaching repetition was 95.23% while it was 61.12% for those who havent. This indicate that the display of monitoring system could help students to remember the position of facial acupressure and improved their confidence. There was no significant difference between the success rate of students who got no teaching repetition whether they have practiced facial acupressure by looking at the display of monitoring system (85.05%) or not (84.03%). The use of monitoring system in facial acupressure learning media is one of the alternatives to improve the competence of the students.
Keywords: learning media; monitoring system; facial acupressure.
Model of local excellence-based on entrepreneurship education management for prospective vocational school teachers
by Sri Endah Wahyuningsih, Sugiyo Sugiyo, Samsudi Samsudi, Trisnani Widowati, Arasinah Kamis
Abstract: The objectives of this study are to describe the needs of entrepreneurship education management model and to develop the local excellence-based model of entrepreneurship education management. The respondents of this study were the head, lecturers, and prospective vocational school teachers in Fashion Design Program. The results showed the highly needs of the entrepreneurship education management model for prospective fashion design teachers in vocational school. Moreover, overall responses from the respondents indicated agreement of the development of local excellence-based entrepreneurship education evaluation model. The local excellence-based entrepreneurship education management model can be used effectively to enhance entrepreneurial attitudes, knowledge and skills based on local excellence.
Keywords: entrepreneurship education management model; local excellence; prospective fashion teachers; vocational schools.
THE ANALYSIS OF GAPS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PROCESS STANDARD ON THE SUPERVISION OF PRODUCTIVE LEARNING ASPECT IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
by I. Made Sudana, Atika Atika
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to elaborate the implementation of process standard on one of the aspects which determines the schools quality namely supervision, analyze the level of the gap, and design the solution regarding the gap in the implementation of process standard. It was a descriptive research with quantitative approach. The aspect of this research was the principal supervision. The data were collected using observation, interview, and documentation method. The result on supervision component showed that some principals did not function as the internal supervision.
Keywords: gap; process standard; supervision; vocational school.
Special Issue on: ICBL 2017/ISET 2017 Innovative Applications of Technology in Education
Evolution and Effectiveness of E-learning in Accounting Education: The Case of Hong Kong
by Billy Tak-Ming Wong, Kam Cheong Li, Beryl Yuen-Yee Wong, Joseph Shiu-Wing Yau
Abstract: This paper reviews the evolution of e-learning in accounting education in Hong Kong tertiary institutions. As a case study, it also reports an evaluation of the effectiveness of e-learning in an accounting programme. E-learning has been broadly employed in the higher education in Hong Kong as an important blended learning mode of knowledge-sharing and for motivating the accounting students to develop lifelong learning skills. This paper examines the historical development and adoption of e-learning in accounting education during the past decades, showing how its evolution has been in line with the overall technological developments in education delivery as well as the accounting industry. On this basis, the e-learning practice of an accounting programme was evaluated for its effectiveness. The findings showed that students were satisfied with the overall quality of the e-learning facilities provided on campus, but provision of technical support and user training was the area which may hinder the effective use of the facilities.
Keywords: e-learning; accountancy profession; accounting education; blended learning.
Advancing Teaching with Massive Open Online Courses: A Review of Case Studies
by Kam Cheong Li, Billy Tak-Ming Wong
Abstract: This paper reviews the adoption of massive open online courses (MOOCs) by higher education institutions for teaching on-campus courses, and summarises the good practices from relevant case studies. From a total of 28 case studies, it identifies the characteristics of MOOC adoption platforms, course materials, approaches to facilitate interaction, and assessment methods. The good practices highlight the importance of (1) the division of labour in implementing MOOCs; (2) the effective use of technology; and (3) course redesign based on experience with MOOCs. Examples of institutional practices in adopting MOOCs are provided, illustrating the diverse ways of utilising them to offer students a flexible and personalised learning experience in on-campus courses and tackle the challenges encountered during the adoption of MOOC.
Keywords: Classroom; Teaching; Higher education; Massive open online courses; MOOCs; blended MOOCs; bMOOCs.
Improving the Experience of Teaching and Learning Kindergarten-level English Vocabulary Using Augmented Reality
by Lap-Kei Lee, Cheuk-Him Chau, Chun-Hin Chau, Chun-Tim Ng, Jun-Hao Hu, Chun-Yin Wong, Lap-Chung Yu, Nga-In Wu
Abstract: This paper explores the possibility of using the Augmented Reality (AR) technology to improve the learning experience of kindergarten students, the teaching experience of teachers, and to address the parents concern that a long-time usage of electronic devices may affect their childs health. We developed two AR mobile application prototypes to teach kindergarten students English vocabulary in an interactive and attractive way. The first application allows kindergarten students to learn in any place and at any time using a mobile device. To address the parents concern on health, a monitoring system is implemented to allow parents to monitor their childs usage and stop the application remotely. The other application targets to use AR to ease teachers class preparation and teaching, and to improve students learning experience. Preliminary evaluation and teacher feedbacks gave insights how practitioners can use AR in early childhood education and brings benefits to students, teachers and parents.
Keywords: augmented reality; English learning; early childhood education; educational games; parental perspectives.