International Journal of Higher Education and Sustainability (9 papers in press)
The Risk of Intellectual Decadence: Stakeholder Organizations and the Neglect of the Human Sciences in Universities in the Arabian Gulf
by Samia Costandi, Allam Mohammed Hamdan
Abstract: Higher education institutions in the Arabian Gulf region today, which have mushroomed and proliferated in the past ten to fifteen years, have been constructing themselves along models of Western universities at the levels of governance, programs, and structure. At the outset of the twenty first century, universities have globally experienced a drastic shift in their governance from republics of scholars to stakeholder organizations. In this paper, we discuss and deconstruct some of the consequences of that drastic shift, paramount among which is the downsizing and neglect of the human sciences/humanities departments. Since critical thinking thrives in the departments of the social sciences/humanities, we believe that universities in this region in their present state face the serious challenge of generating indigenous knowledge that fulfils the needs of citizens within this region, knowledge that draws upon the culture, history, and geography of the area and responds to the specific needs of citizens in this area. We draw on the literature, on our philosophy of education, and on our personal experiences as academics who work in a higher education institution in this region.
Keywords: Risk of Intellectual Decadence; Academic Freedom; Human Sciences/Humanities; Universities in the GCC.
A Proposed Entrepreneurship Education Curriculum Framework
by Remy Nyukorong
Abstract: Higher institutions of education in Ghana have been greatly criticised and outright indicted for the outmoded and vaguely relevant curriculum, purportedly churning out graduates who lack the desired employable skills in the world of work. Therefore, the purpose of the current paper is to propose a curriculum framework for entrepreneurship education in Ghana aimed at promoting graduate employability and fostering the spirit and practice of entrepreneurship. The proposed curriculum was established based on the assumption that every student needs to acquire the knowledge, skills and attitude of entrepreneurship. Pedagogical strategies for the implementation of the entrepreneurship curriculum are discussed. For the proposed curriculum to be effectively operationalised, the paper suggests that the government, policymakers, higher education institutions and businesses all have a role to play in encouraging greater support for entrepreneurship in the tertiary education sector.
Keywords: entrepreneurship education curriculum; graduate employability; higher education; pedagogical strategies.
Its all about subjective norms: Understanding undergraduate involvement in extracurricular organizations related to sustainability
by J. Tom Mueller, Austin Barrett, Grace Wildermuth, Andrea Ferich, Alan Graefe
Abstract: This study used a large sample (n=1,940) of university undergraduates to understand if students who are active members of a student organization with a focus on environmental sustainability had a higher level of environmental concern and knowledge, as well as a higher likelihood to engage in environmentally conscious behaviours than students who are not. Additionally, this study used the Theory of Planned Behaviour to understand the factors that predict future intention to participate in a student organization with a focus on environmental sustainability. Students who were active members of environmental sustainability focused organizations tended to be more knowledgeable about the environment, have more concern for the environment, and were more likely to engage in environmentally conscious behaviours compared to students who were not members of these organizations. Subjective norms were the strongest predictor of future intentions to participate in a student sustainability organization.
Keywords: sustainability; higher education; student organizations; environmentalism; theory of planned behavior; subjective norms.
The pedagogy of good PhD supervision
by Tasawar Nawaz
Abstract: During the last decade, the scope and scale of higher education have changed dramatically in which internationalisation, often confused with globalisation, has led to more extensive pattern of activity and collaboration. Whilst internationalisation of higher education have paved way for higher education institutions (HEIs) to attract good quality international students to accumulate economic and intellectual capital, it has also introduced some unanticipated challenges for the HEIs. One such challenge is the lack of academics availability and/or willingness to undertake postgraduate (PhD, in particular) supervision. Such dilemmas have become increasingly inevitable in many universities in the UK given the increasing postgraduate enrolments conjoined with the introduction of teaching excellence framework and limited number of academics willing to take up supervisory roles. Against this background, the main contribution of this paper is to identify the factors affecting academics choice to opt-in/opt-out of the supervisory role as a direct result of a change in universitys strategic policies and offer a balanced approach to match the student (prot
Keywords: internationalisation; higher education; PhD supervision; student-supervisory dilemmas; teaching-and-research excellence framework; game of league tables.
Student Engagement Integration to the Assessment Process: A Proposed Framework by the Computer Science Program at The American University of Kuwait - AUK
by Aaron Rababaah, Ahmad Rabaa'i
Abstract: Student engagement can be defined as the degree of interest, attention and initiativity students show throughout their learning experiences on and off classrooms. While quality of education can be measured in number of ways, student engagement stands out as one of the most critical measure that single-handedly could draw the line between failure and success for students as well as educational institutions. Traditional assessment process exemplified by the ABET accreditation standards addresses many important and critical student outcomes such as analyze problems, design, implement, evaluate, work in teams, communicate effectively, etc. but, it does not address student engagement. This paper presents our efforts at the Computer Science Program at AUK to propose a framework of assessment process that integrates student engagement as an essential part of the student outcomes of the ABET criteria. We present a well-defined and outlined design of the proposed process that defines student engagement as a student outcome and designs all necessary mappings, assessment tools, performance indicators, etc. that assures the continuous monitoring, tracking and improvement of this new outcome. Although literature has number of attempts to address student engagement but our approach is unique by proposing that student engagement be integrated to ABET criteria so that sustainability of student engagement is improved compared to managing it in a separate process. We believe that our model is effective and efficient and we hope that ABET would consider adopting it in the future.
Keywords: student engagement; assessment process; ABET; accreditation.
Bruneian Youths intentions to study Entrepreneurship in Higher Education : An exploratory study
by Sallimah Salleh, Kumar Laxman
Abstract: One of the main aims of this study was to assess how direct factors (attitudes, social, and perceived control factors) and indirect factors (attitudinal beliefs, normative beliefs and control beliefs) of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) can be applied to predict Bruneian youths intentions to study entrepreneurship in higher education. The study also sought to ascertain the entrepreneurial orientation of the youths in Brunei Darussalam. Collected data was statistically analysed using simultaneous equation modelling (SEM). The results of the SEM tests chiefly show that: A) twenty-nine per cents of youths intentions to study entrepreneurship in higher education are influenced by the direct factors, which are, their attitudes, the subjective norms, and their perceived behavioural control. Other factors not investigated in the study may be influencing youths intentions as well. B) The strength of the relationship of the influencing direct factors with youths intentions to study entrepreneurship in higher education is 34% due to attitudes, 32% due to subjective norms, and 26% due to perceived control factors. Two attitudinal indicators that are valid and reliable to measure youths attitudes towards studying entrepreneurship in higher education are their feelings of usefulness/worthlessness and unpleasantness/pleasantness when studying entrepreneurship. The only valid and reliable indicator of the subjective norms which influenced youths intentions to study entrepreneurship in higher educations was governments expectation for them to study entrepreneurship in higher education. The only valid and reliable indicator of the youths perception of the control factors influencing their intentions to study entrepreneurship in higher education is their capability to study entrepreneurship. Lastly, the results showed that they somewhat agreed that i) they want, will and intend to study entrepreneurship in higher education; ii) they believed that getting recognition, being challenged and achieving respectable status in society are desirable if they were to study entrepreneurship in higher education; iii) they believed that their parents and governments approval of their studying entrepreneurship in higher education are important in influencing their intentions to study entrepreneurship in higher education; and iii) they believed that the use of ICT in studying entrepreneurship and on-the-job assignment are two factors that influence the likelihood of their studying entrepreneurship in higher education.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship education.
An exploratory qualitative research to address processes that are utilised for managing knowledge: A case study in a Queensland Regional University
by Atheer Mohammed, Abdul Hafeez Baig, Raj Gururajan
Abstract: This paper aims to improve the theoretical and practical comprehension of Knowledge Management (KM) research in the higher education sector. There are pragmatic advantages for universities if this is achieved. Knowledge is a primary source of sustainable competitive advantage for educational organisations. The managing of knowledge results in increasing university rankings and profits. A universitys ranking is aligned with the management of skilled employees knowledge which contribute significantly to a universitys performance by attracting new students, conducting high-quality teaching and learning, conducting high-level research, and securing funds for further research. This study depends on the Focus Group (FG) method as the main tool for data collection. The sample consisted of eleven Information Communication Technology (ICT) and human resources managers who are working at a Queensland Regional University (QRU). A high-level FG session was transcribed and thematically analysed using both manual techniques and text analysis software (NVivo 11). The participants are aware of eight key constructs: creation, storage, transfer, capture, sharing, utilisation, application, and evaluation of knowledge. This study collects qualitatively rich and original data regarding KM in the Australian higher education domain. It provides more debates for adding new ideas in the Australian education strategic plans for higher education in general and Queensland specifically. This research provides a comprehensive review that assists future academic research in choosing the common processes in terms of KM. This would assist researchers in the KM field to provide a deeper understanding and develop a theoretical foundation for their further studies.
Keywords: Focus group; knowledge management; higher education.
Special Issue on: Advances in Engineering Education
Exploring Pair Programming Beyond Computer Science: A Case Study in its Use in Data Science / Data Engineering
by Jeffrey Saltz, Ivan Shamshurin
Abstract: While pair programming has been studied extensively when teaching computer science students, very little has been reported with respect to pair programming in a broader context. To help address this gap, this paper reports on a case study evaluating the effectiveness of pair programming within a data science course. Our findings show that pair programming can be useful for teaching data science students and suggests that the pair programming construct is useful for other disciplines as well. In addition, while the driver role was similar to what has been described within a software development context, we note that the navigator role had an expanded set of responsibilities, which we termed researcher activities and that further research is required to explore if this expanded role is applicable in domains beyond data science / data engineering.
Keywords: Data Engineering; Data Science; Pair Programming; Engineering Education; Teaching Methods.
Institution Recommendation Using Relationship Optimization between Program and Student Context
by Pratya Nuankaew, Punnarumol Temdee
Abstract: Education is a way of contributing the learning experience and achievement of the learner. It is important to introduce the appropriate educational program, which is offered by many universities for students to satisfy their requirements and preferences. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to represent a program recommendation for each student by optimizing the relationship between the program and student context, which are composed by two major issues, including finding the relationship between program and student context and illustrating the model where the relationship between them are reasonably satisfied. The procedure for optimizing the relationship is consisting of three processes, including the Information collection, data analysis, prototype creation, prototype implementation, and model validation. The data are collected from 885 students from three universities, including Rajabhat Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham University, and University of Phayao. The methods which are used to discover the models are decision tree and association rule. As the results, there are 19 significant factors, which are 15 factors in student context and 4 factors of program context. Moreover, the model has 76.50% accuracy which indicated that the constructed model reveals the reasonable relationship between program and student context for the proposed program recommendation.
Keywords: Recommendation System; Student Context; Optimization; Learning Analytics; Data Mining in Education; Education Model.