International Journal of Higher Education and Sustainability (8 papers in press)
The Risk of Intellectual Decadence: Stakeholder Organizations and the Neglect of the Human Sciences in Universities in the Arabian Gulf
by Samia Costandi, Allam Mohammed Hamdan
Abstract: Higher education institutions in the Arabian Gulf region today, which have mushroomed and proliferated in the past ten to fifteen years, have been constructing themselves along models of Western universities at the levels of governance, programs, and structure. At the outset of the twenty first century, universities have globally experienced a drastic shift in their governance from republics of scholars to stakeholder organizations. In this paper, we discuss and deconstruct some of the consequences of that drastic shift, paramount among which is the downsizing and neglect of the human sciences/humanities departments. Since critical thinking thrives in the departments of the social sciences/humanities, we believe that universities in this region in their present state face the serious challenge of generating indigenous knowledge that fulfils the needs of citizens within this region, knowledge that draws upon the culture, history, and geography of the area and responds to the specific needs of citizens in this area. We draw on the literature, on our philosophy of education, and on our personal experiences as academics who work in a higher education institution in this region.
Keywords: Risk of Intellectual Decadence; Academic Freedom; Human Sciences/Humanities; Universities in the GCC.
Private coaching factories: widening educational divide and exclusion in India
by Naresh Kumar
Abstract: India registered significant growth in engineering and technological education and expanded infrastructure to meet the future requirement in engineering education. Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) are termed as premier technical institutes and getting admission in these institutes is a matter of academic as well as social esteem and a guarantee of good jobs. IITs have become a global brand for big companies to hire engineering professionals hence entrance examination for admission in these institutes has become a challenging task; resulted high competition among the IIT engineering aspirants. Consequently, market of private coaching has emerged over the past few years which has turned into a big business. As a result private coaching promoted high competition among the aspirants and disability such as educational divide and exclusion. Students are facing social and peer pressure and sometimes talented students commit suicide which is a matter of concern. Therefore, an attempt is made in this paper to highlight such issues which require certain policy initiatives to diminish the role of private coaching for preparing competitive examinations such as IIT-JEE examination as private coaching adversely affecting the performance of students who are unable to access coaching due to several social and economic barriers.
Keywords: Educational Divide; Social Exclusion; IIT-JEE examination; Coaching Institutes; Social Mobility; Centre of Excellence.
Developing A Framework for Sustainability Meta-Competencies
by Elyzabeth W. Engle, Susannah H. Barsom, Lydia Vandenbergh, Glenn E. Sterner III, Theodore R. Alter
Abstract: Sustainability is a critical issue in higher education curriculum development and organizational culture, yet its contested nature necessitates a shared understanding to support a distinct mission across various institutional efforts. Therefore, this work intended to foster a common language for sustainability competencies through an overarching framework that may be applied across university functions. This case study draws upon key informant interviews and focus groups with sustainability experts within and beyond Penn State faculty and staff. The five meta-competencies in the resulting framework are systems thinking, temporal thinking, interpersonal literacy, ethical literacy and imagination/creativity. The framework assumes certain foundational competencies are also in evidence, including logical thinking, critical thinking, quantitative analysis, reading, and writing. The results offer a starting point for future discussion and application of meta-competencies of sustainability; bridges sustainability competencies work in higher education and in workforce development; and identifies the role of imagination/creativity as an important sustainability meta-competency.
Keywords: Sustainability Meta-Competencies; Sustainable Development; Higher Education; Workforce Development; Case Study; Key Informant Interviews; Focus Groups.
Sustainable academic development: an integrative approach to internationalisation and career headway in the higher education
by Tasawar Nawaz
Abstract: Various strands of internationalisation have been researched over the years yet; the empirical evidence on experiences of international students in the host universities is shallow, especially in the context of International Graduate Teaching Assistants (IGTAs). The rapidly changing environment within the higher education have implications for the construction, delivery and management of educational training for this group to ensure sustainability of higher education system. Yet little contemporary research exists investigating the adaptability of academic development and institutions to such change. This paper empirically examines the value-added impact of a teaching and learning programme for GTAs using qualitative research method, which offers interesting insights into the phenomenon.
Keywords: sustainable higher education; internationalisation; international GTA; teaching qualifications; career progression.
Complexities influencing low output rates of black South African professors
by Mavhungu Abel Mafukata, Mavhungu Elias Musitha
Abstract: This paper investigates and discusses the complexities influencing low rates of black professors in South African universities. Emerging consensus in higher education debate is that the South African education system is characterized by low output rates of black South African professors. This paper uses literature review, document review and key informant interviews (KIIs) to investigate its case. Findings emanating from this paper were that indeed the South African university education has low output rates of black South African professors. The low output rates were informed by a plethora of multiple and intertwined factors. To correct the situation, first and foremost, the South African university education system should increase black post-graduate studentship in universities. Secondly, universities should increase the graduate output at doctoral level. Thirdly, a comprehensive academic growth path for doctoral graduates to be assisted towards professorship should be designed and enforced as a matter of policy for universities to adopt and implement. This instrument should be vigorously monitored, and institutions should timeously report progress to an independent progress monitoring body.
Keywords: doctoral graduates; black professors; National Research Foundation (NRF); Tshilidzi Marwala.
A Know Your Student (KYS) Analysis: A case study on the students of a higher education institute in India
by JISHNU BHATTACHARYYA, Manoj Kumar Dash
Abstract: The education system in India is often found to be irrelevant when it comes to adding value to its student. It is often seen that there is some gap between the academic institute and the student, primarily due to lack of knowledge and understanding on student population. Tradition analysis tools like SWOT may not be much helpful in this situation. In this paper, a new analysis tool and its application is discussed, KYS Analysis. The KYS Analysis tool presents a framework for helping the academic institutes identify and prioritize the academic and non-academic goals, and to further identify the strategies of achieving them. KYS analysis is a technique used to analyse the demography, resource, academic background, family background, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, core competency, obstacles, interest, choice, technology use pattern, and expectations of students. The attribute choice in KYS Analysis completely depends on the current and future need of the institute and therefore, based on the requirements KYS Analysis may need to be modified and updated.
The application and use of KYS Analysis tool is demonstrated using a sample survey of the students of Atal Bihari Vajpayee-Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management (ABV-IIITM), Gwalior, India. This study will certainly help in developing new strategies to add competitive advantage in any academic institutions in India or any other similar emerging economics around the world. The study discusses the various possible applications of the insights derived from the analysis to solve managerial problems. The practical importance of this article is to contribute to the management decision making process and the use of the insights derived from the analysis by the higher education authorities and/ or the institutions. The article will be useful to a wide range of readers who are engaged in education management and struggling to retain competence and stay competitive in the academic world.
Keywords: Know Your Student; Survey; Relevance; Management; Data Driven Decision Making; Education Technology; Quality; Higher Education; Pedagogy; Education Management; Educational Reform; Developing Countries; Quality of Education; Students' Expectations; Information system; Strategic Alignment; Evaluation Model.
Special Issue on: Progress in Higher Education Curriculum for Sustainability
Prior Knowledge and Academic Performance in First Year Accounting Course
by Ismaila Yusuf
Abstract: The study is motivated by the poor performance of students in their first year accounting course despite meeting up with the minimum entry requirement based on NUC BMAS and UTME. The paper examines the impact of prior knowledge from the conceptual and metacognitive dimensions on academic performance in the first year accounting course. Using filters, 408 students of the Federal University Dutsinma, Nigeria in the 2012/2013 to 2015/2016 academic sessions were adopted for the study. Ordinal regression adopting the ordered logit procedure in STATA was carried out. Prior knowledge was found to have significant impact on the performance in the first year accounting course. Findings showed that the joint impact of conceptual and metacognitive knowledge outweighs that of either conceptual or metacognitive. We therefore recommend among others that a composite scoring system incorporating conceptual and metacognitive knowledge variables be designed and used for admission placement in BSc Accounting, BSc Management and BSc Economics.
Keywords: prior knowledge; conceptual knowledge; metacognitive knowledge; accounting course; ordinal regression; NUC BMAS; UTME; accounting education.
Role of the success of Cloud Computing in MOOC in Online education Environment
by Saikat Gochhait
Abstract: The objective of the paper will be focussed on providing framework for identifying the key dimensions in the impact of Cloud Computing for MOOC among the learner, trainer, university and industry.. The study will help in creating impact to enhance the e-learning environment with implementation of Cloud Computing for MOOC in India..
Keywords: MOOC; Collaborative learning; Flip classroom; Cloud Computing,GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio).