International Journal of Corporate Strategy and Social Responsibility (6 papers in press)
Organisational performance loop through teleological action leadership, management and other staff
by Goran Svensson, Hester Nienaber
Abstract: This study explored the contribution of the different layers of leadership and management in an organisation to organisational performance through teleological action. A qualitative case study was employed with data collected by interviewing incumbents occupying different hierarchical positions. The authors distinguish between three categories of action: (i) transformative ad hoc and present-based actions; (ii) formative predetermined and past-based actions; and (iii) rationalist goal-directed and future-based. Interviewees indicated that the future was predictable, but were unable to indicate whether meaning was past-or future-based. Both a top-down and bottom-up approach were used to achieve organisational performance, which was formalised in the shape of an organisational performance loop through teleological action. Managerial implications include that organisational members should reflect on the nature of the future, which may be formative, rationalist and transformative at the same time. This research renders support for the view that the harnessing of all talent is more effective in organisational performance. The bottom-up approach is instrumental in emergence, which enables autonomy and innovation which foster organisational performance. This research contributes empirical evidence to the on-going debate about organisational performance, specifically the role of incumbents at the various hierarchical levels of the organisation in performance.
Keywords: Leadership and management; organisational performance; teleological action; top-down and bottom-up; real organisation.
Mining Conflict Prevention in Ghana: Is Corporate Social Responsibility the Answer?
by Abdul Karim Issifu
Abstract: Even though Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is not obligatory in Ghana, it is highly practiced in recent times by a number of multinational corporations. These multinational corporations, particularly the mining companies use CSR as a stopgap measure against the socio-economic, cultural and environmental challenges emanating from their activities, which has the tendency to trigger violent conflict. The objective of this paper is to examine whether or not CSR is a solution to the potential mining conflicts in Ghana. The integrative theory of CSR which argues that integrating the needs of the mining communities into a corporate policy is relevant for conflict prevention in mining communities was examined. Qualitative research approach and a case study design were used in both the data collection process and analysis. The study revealed that although CSR is voluntary in Ghana without it violent and non-violent conflicts are bound to occur between the mining communities and the mining companies. It is recommended that stakeholders and government agencies should work together to for a policy framework on CSR backed by law.
Keywords: corporate social responsibility; Newmont Ghana Gold Limited; conflict prevention; Asutifi North District; Ghana.
How Corporate Social Responsibility Commitment Influences Sustainable Supply Chain Management Performance within the Social Capital Framework: A Propositional Framework
by DonHee Lee, Marc J. Schniederjans
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present a theoretical framework of testable propositions based on a current literature review. We uniquely view a firms CSR (corporate social responsibility) commitment through a theoretical lens of social capital in SCM (supply chain management). Utilizing a literature review framework this paper proposes a set of testable propositions as a framework to further research CSR, sustainable supply chain management, and social capital. Through prior research we explore and establish dimensions of social capitals (structural, relational, cognitive) potential relationships with CSR and how its commitment impacts sustainable supply chain performance. This study presents an extensive literature review of research on the effects of social capital accumulation as it relates to corporate social responsibility and sustainable supply chain management performance. A taxonomy of the literature is also presented as a basis for future empirical research.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility; Sustainable supply chain; Social capital.
Perception of Community on CSR initiatives of MCL, Odisha, India
by Dukhabandhu Sahoo, Sushanta Kumar Panda
Abstract: When industries incorporate social, economic, environmental and ethical dimensions in their business policy and practices and take care of the needs and expectations of their stakeholders, it is called Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). As local community is one of the primary stakeholders of the industry, the CSR policy and practices of the industry have to give them top priority. In the present empirical study, the perception of the local community on CSR, who resides near the vicinity of the coal mines of Odisha, has been taken into account and critically examined the CSR activities of Mahanadi Coal Field Ltd. (MCL). Majority of the community are not satisfied with the CSR activities of MCL. Particularly the community, who resides near the closed coal mine, are not getting the benefits of the CSR activities.
Keywords: Perception of Community on CSR initiatives of MCL; Odisha; India.
Strategic corporate giving
by Wonsuk Cha, Miyoung Park
Abstract: Despite the importance of corporate giving on business, the empirical evidence on whether corporate strategies align with corporate giving has not been fully offered in the literature. To fill this gap, this study empirically examines the relationship between corporate strategies and corporate giving. Specifically, this study focuses on the relationship between a firms strategic aggressiveness and the level of corporate giving. To uncover the role of CEO in a firms strategic aggressiveness, this study focuses on CEO tenure on that relationship. In a sample of 122 U.S. firms between 2009 and 2013, this study found that there is a significant positive relationship between a firms strategic aggressiveness and the level of corporate giving. However, the effect of CEO tenure was not found on that relationship. The findings of this study provide empirical evidence to link corporate strategies to corporate giving. This study concludes with detail discussion and limitations as well as future study.
Keywords: Corporate Philanthropy; CSR; Competitive Advantage; Strategic Aggressiveness.
Climate? Paper or Plastic? Pollution? It Doesnt Matter -- Freedom is the Solution
by Walter Block
Abstract: Due to specialization and the division of labor, non-meteorologists cannot but take seriously the findings of environmental scientists. But, this only holds true when those involved in ecological studies are able to freely conduct their research. That relatively rather low bar, sadly, has not been reached in recent debates in this field. The present paper attempts to find our way forward in this not only non-scientific, but anti-scientific milieu.
Keywords: Academic fraud; environmentalism; scientific method; specialization and the division of labor.