International Journal of Competitiveness (6 papers in press)
Revisiting the competitiveness theory in the new global environment: Review and analysis of the competitiveness definition
by Juyoung Lee, Elena Karpova
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to conceptualize the definition of competitiveness, based on extant theoretical and empirical research, thereby advancing the process of competitiveness theory building. To address the research purpose, the study analyzed theoretical backgrounds of competitiveness to develop a comprehensive perspective and definition of the construct. To address the research purpose, in this study: (1) a theory building process (Silver 1983) was used to analyze existing definitions of thecompetitiveness construct; (2) theoretical concepts were extracted from the existing competitiveness definitions and theories; and (3) based on the analysis, a comprehensive definition of competitiveness was proposed.
Keywords: competitiveness definition; theory building; productivity; knowledge.
COUNTRY PATTERNS AND EFFECTS ON THE EASE OF DOING BUSINESS AND COMPETITIVENESS. A GLOBAL STUDY
by Jorge Mongay
Abstract: The research collects data from 166 nations and analyses the
relationship between the ease of doing business during years 20102015 and
13 country factors using an analysis of variance and an estimated size effect
with a cloud of data in the analysis of N = 2,324. The results are quite relevant
discarding associations in nine factors in total while the independent variables
or factors income, geographical region, economic freedom and
corruption show significance at < 0.05 level. The findings explained by the
size effect square results, state that up to a 53% of the variations of the ease of
doing business levels can be explained by the income and up to a 46% can be
explained by the variable geographical region, recommending to managers to
incorporate these two issues in their analysis when evaluating country
attractiveness or ease of doing business.
Keywords: country patterns; doing business; legislations; globalisation; region;
income; corruption; economic freedom; analysis of variance; ANOVA;
estimated size effect.
A strategic plan for the East Belarus mechanical engineering cluster
by Anthony Evans
Abstract: The Belarus economy has recently contracted due to a sharp reduction in exports to Russia and falling domestic demand. Significant foreign currency debt repayments are due and there is a pressing need to secure inward investment and generate growth. Despite being a predominantly planned economy, Belarus has demonstrated a policy commitment to improving its competitiveness. The removal of EU sanctions in 2015 has created an opportunity to further these reforms with a coherent cluster plan. In particular, this paper identifies the East Belarus mechanical engineering industry as being an ideal focal point.
Move into higher value production by bridging with automation in
manufacturing and self driving vehicles
Create a university partnership for management training and R&D
Use public private partnerships (PPP) to improve infrastructure, building on
the work with EBRD to invest in the M10 motorway
Adopt tax breaks to incentivise innovation and competitive excellence
Extend the high technology park to the East Belarus industrial core
Keywords: Belarus; Cluster; Competitiveness; Mechanical engineering.
Governance of Small Consortia for Innovation: A Multiple-Case Study Analysis
by Michele Coletti, Paolo Landoni, Raffaella Cagliano
Abstract: The diffusion and importance of open and collaborative innovation are widely acknowledged. Generally, policy-makers launch programmes fostering collaboration without aware of the factors surrounding the collaborations. Moreover, while linkages between two organisations (dyadic relationships) have been largely explored, collaborative innovation carried out through formal multi-party alliances such as consortia is less well known. In particular, there is little literature about the role of the administrative committee (i.e. the joint steering committee managing the consortium) and its impact on governance. A multi-case analysis of three small consortia in their initial phases reveals which forms of governance matter, how they interplay with each other and explains the role and boundaries of the administrative committee.
Keywords: Collaborative innovation; Management of alliances; Consortium governance; Interorganizational trust; Reti di Imprese.
Analysing National Innovation Capacity and its Importance for Competitiveness and Growth
by Justin Doran, Noirin McCarthy, Marie O'Connor
Abstract: This paper uses data from the OECDs Scientific and Technological data base and the Global Competitiveness Report (GCR) to analyse the national innovation capacity of nineteen OECD countries over the time period 2001 to 2007. A total of three sub-indexes are constructed which rank the strength of the common innovation infrastructure, cluster specific environment and quality of linkages which exist within each of the countries. These sub-indexes form the basis of an overall index measuring countries national innovation capacity. The results indicate that each of the three components considered are important in explaining the innovation output of the countries studied. Further to this, national innovation capacity is found to have a positive effect on GDP per capita and on a countrys GCR ranking. However, national innovation capacity in 2001 is found to be negatively associated with the subsequent growth rate of GDP per capita. This counterintuitive result may arise due to determinants of growth other than innovation such as capital and labour accumulation.
Keywords: National Innovation Capacity; Competitiveness; Economic Growth; Economic Geography.
Competition, trade openness and economic growth: Time series evidence from Nigeria
by Umar Muhammad Bello, Theresa Onaji-Benson
Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship among competition, trade and economic growth in Nigeria over the period 1981 to 2015, using quarterly dataset, while controlling for financial development and institutions. Johansens cointegration approach and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) served as the methods of analyses. The results indicate that, in the absence of strong institutions, trade openness is more beneficial to growth than competition. While in the presence of strong institutions, competition is more beneficial to economic growth than trade openness. This suggests that within the Nigerian context competition and trade openness are substitutes for promoting economic growth.
Keywords: Competition; Trade openness; Economic Growth; Cointegration; VECM.