International Journal of Agile Systems and Management (10 papers in press)
Supply chain agility information systems with key factors for fashion industry competitiveness
by Mustafid Mustafid, Sarrah Ade Karimariza, Ferry Jie
Abstract: The fashion industry has attain fast growth in the world with competitive market under conditions of uncertainty as a result of innovations in information technology and the fast changing needs of consumers. This paper develops supply chain agility information systems for fashion industry to support achievement of supply chain performance. The systems is designed a theoretically and based on case study of the specific Fashion Industry. The finding proposes the framework of supply chain agility information systems for fashion industry within the framework of integrated information systems involving the influence of agile characteristics on each chain to improve supply chain performance. The supply chain performance comprised of three dimensions and thirteen factors of the three dimension which obtained from experts of fashion industry. The analysis using Fuzzy Dematel ANP confirm the dimension of makes market sensitiveness and factors of customer satisfaction are key factors for fashion industry competitiveness.
Keywords: supply chain; supply chain agility; information systems; integrated information systems; supply chain performance; agile characteristics; Fuzzy-Dematel-ANP; fashion industry; market sensitiveness; materials flow; transaction flow; fashion industry competitiveness.
A Framework for Capturing and Applying Design Knowledge in New Product Development
by Juliana Schmidt, Milton Borsato, Edmar Hinckel, Fabio Maccari, Eduardo Onofre, Paulo Storrer
Abstract: The large amount of information that permeates the various activities of the new product development process has become increasingly common in many organizations. Under these conditions, there are difficulties in sharing and reusing design knowledge, especially by the fact that this knowledge is available within the company in different formats and locations. Due to this, design engineers often fail to use such information. To ensure a better use, it is important to organize and integrate the available knowledge in a collaborative manner. In this context, the Knowledge-based Engineering (KBE) approach can be associated. Through KBE concepts, the current study aims to develop a set of tools for assisting decision making, by storing and providing useful information in a timely manner. Such solution should meet the needs of its users (i.e. designers), as well as improve the quality of design activities along the Product Development Process (PDP). For this study, still under development, the following steps have been adopted: (a) delimitation of action scope (i.e. steps of PDP to be focused); (b) knowledge capture; (c) knowledge structuring through ontologies; (d) standardization; (e) development of rules; (f) creation of application solutions; and (g) performance evaluation of solutions. The application of the present proposal is expected to facilitate the access to information, significantly reduce the number of Engineering Change Requests (ECRs), as well as allow acquired knowledge to be used in subsequent projects (e.g. lessons learned).
Keywords: KBE; Knowledge Capture; Ontology; NDP.
Special Issue on: Agile Methods for Sustainable Manufacturing
Enterprise Modelling of Isolated Support System
by John Mo, Andrew Richardson
Abstract: The Australian mainland has 35,876 km of coastline, and an additional 23,859 km of island coastline. The persistence of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing has been identified as a major factor contributing to the overexploitation of marine resources worldwide. Unfortunately, this vast area requires a great deal of resources and costs hundreds of million dollars to protect. Due to decisions at different times, the patrol boat bases are located at the east side of Australia while most illegal activities are at the north west, which is located a vast distance from where the asset is. Instead of piecemeal development in the past, the current situation has called for a model-based design methodology for the support system design. This paper reviews methodologies commonly used in enterprise systems design and outlines a system model that captures elements of the support system and improves the processes of developing a viable solution to the problem.
Keywords: Border protection; offshore patrolling; support system for remote operations; isolated system; coastal security.
A human factors assessment model for sustainable manufacturing
by Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari
Abstract: Although factories are becoming smarter and more and more automated thanks to ICT penetration, process performances still highly depend on humans in the loop who have to carry out their task by perceiving and understanding increasingly complex multidimensional data sets. Forecasting the human behaviours and assessing how human factors affect the process performance are very difficult but fundamental for strategic decision-making and sustainable manufacturing. In this context, the research highlights the need of predictive methods to design human-centred smart manufacturing systems from the early design stages, as an important part of the overall assessment of process sustainability. The paper defines a model to early assess human factors to be integrated with other existing models (i.e., cost estimation and lifecycle assessment) to evaluate manufacturing process sustainability. The proposed integrated method can be fruitfully used to support the design of sustainable manufacturing systems by taking into account also the impact on workers. An industrial case study focusing on packaging machines design is presented to demonstrate the validity of the proposed method and its adoption to propose re-design action promoting sustainability.
Keywords: Sustainable Manufacturing; Human Factors; Sustainability Assessment; Design for Sustainability; Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).
CONFIGURING ROBOT WORK CELL IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
by Nor Suriyanti Osman, Muhamad Arfauz A. Rahman, Azrul Azwan Abdul Rahman, Silah Hayati Kamsani, Bashir Mohamad Bali Mohamad, Zainul Azereen Zaini, Mohd Fairuz Ab Rahman
Abstract: In recent years, the manufacturing sector is facing a lot of global competition, variable production requirements, unpredictability and rapidly changing markets, and manufacturing strategies. Hence, several methods are proposed for ensuring that the industrial sector fits well with the current uncertain environment. In this study, we have focused on the configuration of robot work cells since their ever-increasing adoption and the current manufacturing trends towards the automation along with a continuous improvement of the innovative technology. Also, we have highlighted and reviewed the different emerging strategies which focus on the configuration work and we have discussed and proposed a configuration strategy with its methodology. The earlier studies were reviewed to present an overview regarding any future work in this field. Configuration forms a very important section of the manufacturing industry as it greatly affects the system performance. It is essential to understand this effect of an appropriate strategy for the correct configuration of the current and the future cells. Additionally, a configuration strategy along with all the details regarding its phases and frameworks have been proposed which may assist in the development of flexible configuration system in future. The primary purpose of this work is to propose a strategy with a methodology of robot work cell configuration for addressing few sustainability issues such as to improve configuration time, to optimize human and expert involvement and to capitalize available resource for investment.
Keywords: Manufacturing Strategy; Industrial Robot; Robot Work Cell; Configuration Review; Configuration Strategy-FCS; Methodology; Sustainability;.
Distributed Manufacturing Network Models of Smart and Agile Mini-Factories
by Erwin Rauch, Patrick Dallasega, Dominik T. Matt
Abstract: Traditional centralized manufacturing systems will be replaced in future more and more through decentralized and geographically dispersed manufacturing strategies. So called distributed manufacturing systems represent an ideal approach to meet actual challenges regarding individualization of products, customer proximity or a more sustainable production. Networks of smart and agile micro-production units lead to a rationalization of the supply chain and therefore to an increase of sustainability in terms of a reduction of long transportation distances, a diminution of the ecologically footprint, lower logistics costs and shorter delivery times. In this paper, the actual state of the art in distributed manufacturing is presented. Afterwards, sustainability oriented reasons for a trend towards distributed manufacturing networks is explained. Then evolutionary stages in the development of factories are represented describing their characteristics at every stage. Finally, a framework of possible network models for distributed manufacturing networks of smart and agile mini-factories is provided and enforced by examples from industrial practice. The paper closes with a discussion of the proposed network model framework and an outlook on future needs in research.
Keywords: Sustainable Manufacturing; Sustainability; Distributed Manufacturing; Local Manufacturing; Agile Manufacturing; Production Networks; Industry 4.0; Manufacturing Systems; Mini-Factories; Cloud Manufacturing.
An Approach for Agile Planning of Disassembly and Recycling of Complex Products
by Josip Stjepandic
Abstract: Manufacturing companies nowadays are more than ever compelled to adapt to the challenges of constantly changing conditions in the product creation process. The exchange of digital data and data processing are pre-requisites for improvements of agility from initial idea to disassembly and recycling. For this purpose, especially in product development and in downstream processes, versatile data formats and corresponding applications are needed which are able to enrich 3D product data with additional information. Subsequently, the 3D PDF is a potentially suitable format to support a variety of applications. It offers not only the ability to visualize 3D data without installing or licensing a CAD system, but also allows the data to be dynamically adjusted, commented and animated in a template container. By means of digital rights management, a know-how protection is provided in the use of 3D PDF, which has a high priority in many industries of the manufacturing sector. Based on these capabilities, the question arises whether 3D PDF - as a technological basis is suitable for agile planning of disassembly and recycling processes. In this paper, a concept for the use of 3D PDF is presented regarding a defined workflow for disassembly and recycling within the product creation process. For achieving this, an analysis of existing use cases and associated processes is necessary. After having identified a distinctive field of studies with the help of the model, it is to work out a new use case. Later in the paper a workflow is developed and finally a prototypical example of the 3D PDF document is implemented.
Keywords: Disassembly; Recycling; Design for X; Sustainability; Product Creation Process; 3D PDF.
Flexible manufacturability analysis applied to the welding process to increase sustainability in engineer to order businesses
by Venkata Krishna Rao Pabolu, Roland Stolt, Joel Johansson
Abstract: This paper investigates the manufacturability of welded components for engineer to order businesses. The investigation comprises manufacturing feasibility, approximate manufacturing cost, manufacturing difficulties along with the sustainability aspects. The system is used for multi-objective design analysis in the early phases of product development of the jet engines components and other engineer to order businesses. The work is focused on the weldability assessment, based on available weld methods and the weld capabilities of the company. A number of rules for analysing the weldability are proposed. To keep this knowledge transparent, traceable and updatable it is managed by a novel software called Howtomation
Keywords: Design Automation; Knowledge Based Systems; Engineer to Order; Knowledge Base; Knowledge Object; Manufacturability Analysis; Manufacturing cost Analysis; Design for Sustainability; Sustainability analysis.
Automatic extraction of vertices coordinates for CNC code generation for dental wire bending
by Rahimah Abdul Hamid, Teruaki Ito
Abstract: This paper reports a new methodology for an automatic extraction of vertices coordinates from a dental wire CAD model in an IGES (Initial Graphics Exchange Specification) file format for CNC bending code generation. It has two main components, the first one deals with IGES feature extraction and the second one deals with autonomous CNC code generation based on the Cartesian coordinates using various mathematical formulae. The procedure is carried out in Matlab environment through some developed functions to support wire design technique in CAD by means of 3D line segmentation. In this approach, the digital design of the wire is constructed from multiple 3D line segments in reference to the 3D teeth scan image (STL file). The developed methodology has three steps consists of an IGES model pre-processing, automated coordinate extraction and CNC bending code generation. The developed methodology is limited to the CAD design through multiple line segments and has been verified with a case study.
Keywords: Feature extraction; IGES; CNC bending code; line segments; CAPP.
Influence of Organizational Characteristics in the Sustainability Corporate Strategy
by Dalton Alexandre Kai, Erica Tessaro De Jesus, Everaldo Antonio Rutana Pereira, Edson Pinheiro De Lima, Ubirata Tortato
Abstract: Corporate sustainability is about incorporating sustainability practices into business strategy, which is paramount for a companys development. It emphasizes the search for a balance of the economic, social and environmental perspectives. The strategic adoption of sustainability practices changes management and organizational characteristics. Nonetheless, the question that remains is whether the opposite can happen. The study aims to match some of the characteristics of a sample of companies with sustainability strategy. A multinomial logistic regression analysis was used for the collected data. Data from five companies characteristics were used as independent variables and related to 15 aspects of corporate strategy and sustainability practices as dependent variables. The results show that sustainability is definitively in the strategic agenda; it has an important influence in the competitive strategy of the studied companies.
Keywords: Sustainability; Sustainability corporate strategy; Multinomial logistic regression;.