International Journal of Agile Systems and Management (6 papers in press)
Amorphous Transdisciplinary Service Systems
by MIchael Sobolewski
Abstract: Amorphous transdisciplinary system is the application of back-end object-oriented service providers local/remote objects having independent limited computational functionalities provider services that dynamically actualize front-end service-oriented microservices and macroservices. A microservice binds to a single provider and executes a single provider service. A macroservice by contrast is a compound service request comprising of microservices and other macroservices with service fidelities and metafidelities. Macroservices express dynamic collaborations of large number of provider services (applications, tools, and utilities) with emergent multifidelity management. This type of agile service aggregation is often referred to as a system of systems. A metafidelity fidelity of fidelities - is used by a fidelity management system to morph a macroservice for evolving collaboration of provider services at runtime. The presented amorphous transdisciplinary approach provides service-oriented modeling or programming, or both (mogramming) with a corresponding service-oriented operating system. The operating system runs amorphous front-end macroservices and dynamically manages its service processorcorresponding collaborations of back-end service providers.
Keywords: Service orientation; microservices; macroservices; provider services; multifidelities; metafidelities; metacomputing; MOF; MSF; system od systems; mogramming; mograms; exertions; context models; SML; SORCER.
NEW RESEARCH STUDY ON TECHNOLOGY PATENTS PROGRESS IN DEVELOPING EU COUNTRIES
by Marek Jemala
Abstract: Technology innovation activities in developing countries can spur new opportunities for faster development of an industry, economy and better living standards. On the other hand, they can also mean a loss of financial resources designed for primary needs of the society, an excessive burden on the environment or new health risks for the population. This analysis complements our long-term research so as to promote positive, safe, efficient and environment-friendly technology innovation in the EU. The main goal of this research is to analyze technology innovation in the developing EU countries, mainly by the WIPO Patent analysis (1980-2014), compared with selected indicators and related determinants. In terms of the main research methodology, our calculated and summarized patenting data were completed by the Bibliometric analysis of technology innovation activities of these countries to identify relevant trends. For better benchmarking, as the key indicators of a national technological performance were chosen: Granted technology patents, compared with other indicators such as a number of utility models, industrial designs, and trademarks. According to our study, the most successful technology-developing countries of the EU are particularly Poland, Hungary, Romania as well as Greece and Bulgaria. Why is this so, will also include our study mainly focused on the developing EU countries.
Keywords: technology research and development; technology innovation; technology patents; developing EU countries; population; GDP; expenditures on research and development.
Exergetic Analysis as an Agile Approach to Recycling Processes: a Literature Review
by Sergio Tadeu De Almeida, MiIlton Borsato
Abstract: The rapid increase of waste presents a global challenge pursuing sustainability. In response, recycling is widely recognized as a friendly strategy to the environment and the proper approach to minimize the impact on the environment and the economy. However, the available recycling technology requires raw materials and energy, thus contributing to the depletion of resources. Therefore, it is vital to assess the efficiency of recycling processes to determine their real benefit. The literature suggests a series of approaches, which may be, at first sight, confusing. This study focuses on efficiency evaluation of recycling thorough exergy as an agile response. It performs a systematic review, based on nine significant factors in recycling, of the relevant literature, evaluating the recycling through the exergetic approach. The review makes two important contributions. First, it presents an approach for assessing such diverse literature in a single structure. In addition, revealing opportunities for improvement and future research.
Keywords: exergy; recycling; efficiency; sustainability; agility.
Contextualizing Aircraft Maintenance Documentation
by Hemmo Koornneef, Wim Verhagen, Richard Curran
Abstract: The use of documentation for task support in aircraft line maintenance is still mostly paper-based, which is slow, burdensome and prone to error. This paper provides an overview of the issues associated with the use of paper-based documentation in aircraft maintenance and describes the development of a novel concept for contextualized documentation to address these issues. The developed system features ontology-based data access (OBDA) for improved contextualization and additional flexibility for future integration of other data sources. The ontology is developed in Prot
Keywords: Aircraft line maintenance; maintenance efficiency; contextualized documentation; ontology-based data access; human factors; paperless.
Special Issue on: Agile Methods for Sustainable Manufacturing
A human factors assessment model for sustainable manufacturing
by Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari
Abstract: Although factories are becoming smarter and more and more automated thanks to ICT penetration, process performances still highly depend on humans in the loop who have to carry out their task by perceiving and understanding increasingly complex multidimensional data sets. Forecasting the human behaviours and assessing how human factors affect the process performance are very difficult but fundamental for strategic decision-making and sustainable manufacturing. In this context, the research highlights the need of predictive methods to design human-centred smart manufacturing systems from the early design stages, as an important part of the overall assessment of process sustainability. The paper defines a model to early assess human factors to be integrated with other existing models (i.e., cost estimation and lifecycle assessment) to evaluate manufacturing process sustainability. The proposed integrated method can be fruitfully used to support the design of sustainable manufacturing systems by taking into account also the impact on workers. An industrial case study focusing on packaging machines design is presented to demonstrate the validity of the proposed method and its adoption to propose re-design action promoting sustainability.
Keywords: Sustainable Manufacturing; Human Factors; Sustainability Assessment; Design for Sustainability; Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).
CONFIGURING ROBOT WORK CELL IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
by Nor Suriyanti Osman, Muhamad Arfauz A. Rahman, Azrul Azwan Abdul Rahman, Silah Hayati Kamsani, Bashir Mohamad Bali Mohamad, Zainul Azereen Zaini, Mohd Fairuz Ab Rahman
Abstract: In recent years, the manufacturing sector is facing a lot of global competition, variable production requirements, unpredictability and rapidly changing markets, and manufacturing strategies. Hence, several methods are proposed for ensuring that the industrial sector fits well with the current uncertain environment. In this study, we have focused on the configuration of robot work cells since their ever-increasing adoption and the current manufacturing trends towards the automation along with a continuous improvement of the innovative technology. Also, we have highlighted and reviewed the different emerging strategies which focus on the configuration work and we have discussed and proposed a configuration strategy with its methodology. The earlier studies were reviewed to present an overview regarding any future work in this field. Configuration forms a very important section of the manufacturing industry as it greatly affects the system performance. It is essential to understand this effect of an appropriate strategy for the correct configuration of the current and the future cells. Additionally, a configuration strategy along with all the details regarding its phases and frameworks have been proposed which may assist in the development of flexible configuration system in future. The primary purpose of this work is to propose a strategy with a methodology of robot work cell configuration for addressing few sustainability issues such as to improve configuration time, to optimize human and expert involvement and to capitalize available resource for investment.
Keywords: Manufacturing Strategy; Industrial Robot; Robot Work Cell; Configuration Review; Configuration Strategy-FCS; Methodology; Sustainability;.