International Journal of Agile Systems and Management (4 papers in press)
Supply chain agility information systems with key factors for fashion industry competitiveness
by Mustafid Mustafid, Sarrah Ade Karimariza, Ferry Jie
Abstract: The fashion industry has attain fast growth in the world with competitive market under conditions of uncertainty as a result of innovations in information technology and the fast changing needs of consumers. This paper develops supply chain agility information systems for fashion industry to support achievement of supply chain performance. The systems is designed a theoretically and based on case study of the specific Fashion Industry. The finding proposes the framework of supply chain agility information systems for fashion industry within the framework of integrated information systems involving the influence of agile characteristics on each chain to improve supply chain performance. The supply chain performance comprised of three dimensions and thirteen factors of the three dimension which obtained from experts of fashion industry. The analysis using Fuzzy Dematel ANP confirm the dimension of makes market sensitiveness and factors of customer satisfaction are key factors for fashion industry competitiveness.
Keywords: supply chain; supply chain agility; information systems; integrated information systems; supply chain performance; agile characteristics; Fuzzy-Dematel-ANP; fashion industry; market sensitiveness; materials flow; transaction flow; fashion industry competitiveness.
A Framework for Capturing and Applying Design Knowledge in New Product Development
by Juliana Schmidt, Milton Borsato, Edmar Hinckel, Fabio Maccari, Eduardo Onofre, Paulo Storrer
Abstract: The large amount of information that permeates the various activities of the new product development process has become increasingly common in many organizations. Under these conditions, there are difficulties in sharing and reusing design knowledge, especially by the fact that this knowledge is available within the company in different formats and locations. Due to this, design engineers often fail to use such information. To ensure a better use, it is important to organize and integrate the available knowledge in a collaborative manner. In this context, the Knowledge-based Engineering (KBE) approach can be associated. Through KBE concepts, the current study aims to develop a set of tools for assisting decision making, by storing and providing useful information in a timely manner. Such solution should meet the needs of its users (i.e. designers), as well as improve the quality of design activities along the Product Development Process (PDP). For this study, still under development, the following steps have been adopted: (a) delimitation of action scope (i.e. steps of PDP to be focused); (b) knowledge capture; (c) knowledge structuring through ontologies; (d) standardization; (e) development of rules; (f) creation of application solutions; and (g) performance evaluation of solutions. The application of the present proposal is expected to facilitate the access to information, significantly reduce the number of Engineering Change Requests (ECRs), as well as allow acquired knowledge to be used in subsequent projects (e.g. lessons learned).
Keywords: KBE; Knowledge Capture; Ontology; NDP.
INTERNET OF THINGS ENABLED MANUFACTURING: A REVIEW
by Ray Y. Zhong, Wenbo Ge
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) plays an important role in the manufacturing sector, allowing objects to be sensed and/or controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and therefore resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit in addition to reduced human intervention. With the world-wide spread of Industry 4.0, IoT-enabled manufacturing is now one of the key supports to smart factory, intelligent automation, and real-time adaptive decision-makings. This paper comprehensively reviews related technologies and world-wide movements so that insights and lessons could be useful for academia and practitioners when contemplating IoT technologies for upgrading and transforming traditional manufacturing into an new future in the context of Industry 4.0.
Keywords: Internet of Things; Cyber-physical Systems; Manufacturing; Industry 4.0; Review.
Special Issue on: New Trends in Agile Manufacturing The Path to Intelligent, Competitive Manufacturing and Sustainable Growth
Organizational culture aspects that facilitate Lean Implementation: A Pilot Study
by Abdullah Alkhoraif, Patrick McLaughlin
Abstract: The paper aims to identify enablers and inhibitors of Lean Implementation (LI) in a Small and Medium-sized Manufacturing (SME) organization in Saudi Arabia. It proposes aspects of the social transformation process and how these aspects are affected by organizational culture. The paper opted for an exploratory study using the semi-structure interview approach of grounded theory, including 7 in-depth interviews with employees representing middle and senior management having mainly an experience of Lean Implementation background. The data was complemented by context analysis, including simultaneous and concurrent data collection and constant comparison methods. The paper provides empirical insights about how change is brought about during implementing Lean. It suggests successful communication and teamwork. However, there were two codes which had not been evidenced in prior research and were not identified in the literature review. These include; multiple decision makers and the family effect. This highlights that the findings and proposed result from the pilot study may lack generalisability. Therefore, the researcher moved to the next stage for the main study. The paper gives an initiating result and an in-depth analysis on the aspects affecting LI in manufacturing companies and how the organizational culture aspects affects its application and sustenance. This paper fulfils an identified need to study how organizational culture affects LI. It demonstrates the current state of LI in manufacturing companies by uncovering the linkage between enablers and inhibitors of organizational culture in an integrated framework.
Keywords: Organizational Culture; Lean Implementation (LI); Enablers and Inhibitors; Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). Pilot study.