International Journal of Agile Systems and Management (10 papers in press)
Amorphous Transdisciplinary Service Systems
by MIchael Sobolewski
Abstract: Amorphous transdisciplinary system is the application of back-end object-oriented service providers local/remote objects having independent limited computational functionalities provider services that dynamically actualize front-end service-oriented microservices and macroservices. A microservice binds to a single provider and executes a single provider service. A macroservice by contrast is a compound service request comprising of microservices and other macroservices with service fidelities and metafidelities. Macroservices express dynamic collaborations of large number of provider services (applications, tools, and utilities) with emergent multifidelity management. This type of agile service aggregation is often referred to as a system of systems. A metafidelity fidelity of fidelities - is used by a fidelity management system to morph a macroservice for evolving collaboration of provider services at runtime. The presented amorphous transdisciplinary approach provides service-oriented modeling or programming, or both (mogramming) with a corresponding service-oriented operating system. The operating system runs amorphous front-end macroservices and dynamically manages its service processorcorresponding collaborations of back-end service providers.
Keywords: Service orientation; microservices; macroservices; provider services; multifidelities; metafidelities; metacomputing; MOF; MSF; system od systems; mogramming; mograms; exertions; context models; SML; SORCER.
NEW RESEARCH STUDY ON TECHNOLOGY PATENTS PROGRESS IN DEVELOPING EU COUNTRIES
by Marek Jemala
Abstract: Technology innovation activities in developing countries can spur new opportunities for faster development of an industry, economy and better living standards. On the other hand, they can also mean a loss of financial resources designed for primary needs of the society, an excessive burden on the environment or new health risks for the population. This analysis complements our long-term research so as to promote positive, safe, efficient and environment-friendly technology innovation in the EU. The main goal of this research is to analyze technology innovation in the developing EU countries, mainly by the WIPO Patent analysis (1980-2014), compared with selected indicators and related determinants. In terms of the main research methodology, our calculated and summarized patenting data were completed by the Bibliometric analysis of technology innovation activities of these countries to identify relevant trends. For better benchmarking, as the key indicators of a national technological performance were chosen: Granted technology patents, compared with other indicators such as a number of utility models, industrial designs, and trademarks. According to our study, the most successful technology-developing countries of the EU are particularly Poland, Hungary, Romania as well as Greece and Bulgaria. Why is this so, will also include our study mainly focused on the developing EU countries.
Keywords: technology research and development; technology innovation; technology patents; developing EU countries; population; GDP; expenditures on research and development.
Exergetic Analysis as an Agile Approach to Recycling Processes: a Literature Review
by Sergio Tadeu De Almeida, MiIlton Borsato
Abstract: The rapid increase of waste presents a global challenge pursuing sustainability. In response, recycling is widely recognized as a friendly strategy to the environment and the proper approach to minimize the impact on the environment and the economy. However, the available recycling technology requires raw materials and energy, thus contributing to the depletion of resources. Therefore, it is vital to assess the efficiency of recycling processes to determine their real benefit. The literature suggests a series of approaches, which may be, at first sight, confusing. This study focuses on efficiency evaluation of recycling thorough exergy as an agile response. It performs a systematic review, based on nine significant factors in recycling, of the relevant literature, evaluating the recycling through the exergetic approach. The review makes two important contributions. First, it presents an approach for assessing such diverse literature in a single structure. In addition, revealing opportunities for improvement and future research.
Keywords: exergy; recycling; efficiency; sustainability; agility.
Contextualizing Aircraft Maintenance Documentation
by Hemmo Koornneef, Wim Verhagen, Richard Curran
Abstract: The use of documentation for task support in aircraft line maintenance is still mostly paper-based, which is slow, burdensome and prone to error. This paper provides an overview of the issues associated with the use of paper-based documentation in aircraft maintenance and describes the development of a novel concept for contextualized documentation to address these issues. The developed system features ontology-based data access (OBDA) for improved contextualization and additional flexibility for future integration of other data sources. The ontology is developed in Prot
Keywords: Aircraft line maintenance; maintenance efficiency; contextualized documentation; ontology-based data access; human factors; paperless.
Supply chain agility information systems with key factors for fashion industry competitiveness
by Mustafid Mustafid, Sarrah Ade Karimariza, Ferry Jie
Abstract: The fashion industry has attain fast growth in the world with competitive market under conditions of uncertainty as a result of innovations in information technology and the fast changing needs of consumers. This paper develops supply chain agility information systems for fashion industry to support achievement of supply chain performance. The systems is designed a theoretically and based on case study of the specific Fashion Industry. The finding proposes the framework of supply chain agility information systems for fashion industry within the framework of integrated information systems involving the influence of agile characteristics on each chain to improve supply chain performance. The supply chain performance comprised of three dimensions and thirteen factors of the three dimension which obtained from experts of fashion industry. The analysis using Fuzzy Dematel ANP confirm the dimension of makes market sensitiveness and factors of customer satisfaction are key factors for fashion industry competitiveness.
Keywords: supply chain; supply chain agility; information systems; integrated information systems; supply chain performance; agile characteristics; Fuzzy-Dematel-ANP; fashion industry; market sensitiveness; materials flow; transaction flow; fashion industry competitiveness.
Special Issue on: Agile Methods for Sustainable Manufacturing
A human factors assessment model for sustainable manufacturing
by Margherita Peruzzini, Marcello Pellicciari
Abstract: Although factories are becoming smarter and more and more automated thanks to ICT penetration, process performances still highly depend on humans in the loop who have to carry out their task by perceiving and understanding increasingly complex multidimensional data sets. Forecasting the human behaviours and assessing how human factors affect the process performance are very difficult but fundamental for strategic decision-making and sustainable manufacturing. In this context, the research highlights the need of predictive methods to design human-centred smart manufacturing systems from the early design stages, as an important part of the overall assessment of process sustainability. The paper defines a model to early assess human factors to be integrated with other existing models (i.e., cost estimation and lifecycle assessment) to evaluate manufacturing process sustainability. The proposed integrated method can be fruitfully used to support the design of sustainable manufacturing systems by taking into account also the impact on workers. An industrial case study focusing on packaging machines design is presented to demonstrate the validity of the proposed method and its adoption to propose re-design action promoting sustainability.
Keywords: Sustainable Manufacturing; Human Factors; Sustainability Assessment; Design for Sustainability; Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).
CONFIGURING ROBOT WORK CELL IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
by Nor Suriyanti Osman, Muhamad Arfauz A. Rahman, Azrul Azwan Abdul Rahman, Silah Hayati Kamsani, Bashir Mohamad Bali Mohamad, Zainul Azereen Zaini, Mohd Fairuz Ab Rahman
Abstract: In recent years, the manufacturing sector is facing a lot of global competition, variable production requirements, unpredictability and rapidly changing markets, and manufacturing strategies. Hence, several methods are proposed for ensuring that the industrial sector fits well with the current uncertain environment. In this study, we have focused on the configuration of robot work cells since their ever-increasing adoption and the current manufacturing trends towards the automation along with a continuous improvement of the innovative technology. Also, we have highlighted and reviewed the different emerging strategies which focus on the configuration work and we have discussed and proposed a configuration strategy with its methodology. The earlier studies were reviewed to present an overview regarding any future work in this field. Configuration forms a very important section of the manufacturing industry as it greatly affects the system performance. It is essential to understand this effect of an appropriate strategy for the correct configuration of the current and the future cells. Additionally, a configuration strategy along with all the details regarding its phases and frameworks have been proposed which may assist in the development of flexible configuration system in future. The primary purpose of this work is to propose a strategy with a methodology of robot work cell configuration for addressing few sustainability issues such as to improve configuration time, to optimize human and expert involvement and to capitalize available resource for investment.
Keywords: Manufacturing Strategy; Industrial Robot; Robot Work Cell; Configuration Review; Configuration Strategy-FCS; Methodology; Sustainability;.
Distributed Manufacturing Network Models of Smart and Agile Mini-Factories
by Erwin Rauch, Patrick Dallasega, Dominik T. Matt
Abstract: Traditional centralized manufacturing systems will be replaced in future more and more through decentralized and geographically dispersed manufacturing strategies. So called distributed manufacturing systems represent an ideal approach to meet actual challenges regarding individualization of products, customer proximity or a more sustainable production. Networks of smart and agile micro-production units lead to a rationalization of the supply chain and therefore to an increase of sustainability in terms of a reduction of long transportation distances, a diminution of the ecologically footprint, lower logistics costs and shorter delivery times. In this paper, the actual state of the art in distributed manufacturing is presented. Afterwards, sustainability oriented reasons for a trend towards distributed manufacturing networks is explained. Then evolutionary stages in the development of factories are represented describing their characteristics at every stage. Finally, a framework of possible network models for distributed manufacturing networks of smart and agile mini-factories is provided and enforced by examples from industrial practice. The paper closes with a discussion of the proposed network model framework and an outlook on future needs in research.
Keywords: Sustainable Manufacturing; Sustainability; Distributed Manufacturing; Local Manufacturing; Agile Manufacturing; Production Networks; Industry 4.0; Manufacturing Systems; Mini-Factories; Cloud Manufacturing.
An Approach for Agile Planning of Disassembly and Recycling of Complex Products
by Josip Stjepandic
Abstract: Manufacturing companies nowadays are more than ever compelled to adapt to the challenges of constantly changing conditions in the product creation process. The exchange of digital data and data processing are pre-requisites for improvements of agility from initial idea to disassembly and recycling. For this purpose, especially in product development and in downstream processes, versatile data formats and corresponding applications are needed which are able to enrich 3D product data with additional information. Subsequently, the 3D PDF is a potentially suitable format to support a variety of applications. It offers not only the ability to visualize 3D data without installing or licensing a CAD system, but also allows the data to be dynamically adjusted, commented and animated in a template container. By means of digital rights management, a know-how protection is provided in the use of 3D PDF, which has a high priority in many industries of the manufacturing sector. Based on these capabilities, the question arises whether 3D PDF - as a technological basis is suitable for agile planning of disassembly and recycling processes. In this paper, a concept for the use of 3D PDF is presented regarding a defined workflow for disassembly and recycling within the product creation process. For achieving this, an analysis of existing use cases and associated processes is necessary. After having identified a distinctive field of studies with the help of the model, it is to work out a new use case. Later in the paper a workflow is developed and finally a prototypical example of the 3D PDF document is implemented.
Keywords: Disassembly; Recycling; Design for X; Sustainability; Product Creation Process; 3D PDF.
Flexible manufacturability analysis applied to the welding process to increase sustainability in engineer to order businesses
by Venkata Krishna Rao Pabolu, Roland Stolt, Joel Johansson
Abstract: This paper investigates the manufacturability of welded components for engineer to order businesses. The investigation comprises manufacturing feasibility, approximate manufacturing cost, manufacturing difficulties along with the sustainability aspects. The system is used for multi-objective design analysis in the early phases of product development of the jet engines components and other engineer to order businesses. The work is focused on the weldability assessment, based on available weld methods and the weld capabilities of the company. A number of rules for analysing the weldability are proposed. To keep this knowledge transparent, traceable and updatable it is managed by a novel software called Howtomation
Keywords: Design Automation; Knowledge Based Systems; Engineer to Order; Knowledge Base; Knowledge Object; Manufacturability Analysis; Manufacturing cost Analysis; Design for Sustainability; Sustainability analysis.