International Journal of Agile Systems and Management (8 papers in press)
Supply chain agility information systems with key factors for fashion industry competitiveness
by Mustafid Mustafid, Sarrah Ade Karimariza, Ferry Jie
Abstract: The fashion industry has attain fast growth in the world with competitive market under conditions of uncertainty as a result of innovations in information technology and the fast changing needs of consumers. This paper develops supply chain agility information systems for fashion industry to support achievement of supply chain performance. The systems is designed a theoretically and based on case study of the specific Fashion Industry. The finding proposes the framework of supply chain agility information systems for fashion industry within the framework of integrated information systems involving the influence of agile characteristics on each chain to improve supply chain performance. The supply chain performance comprised of three dimensions and thirteen factors of the three dimension which obtained from experts of fashion industry. The analysis using Fuzzy Dematel ANP confirm the dimension of makes market sensitiveness and factors of customer satisfaction are key factors for fashion industry competitiveness.
Keywords: supply chain; supply chain agility; information systems; integrated information systems; supply chain performance; agile characteristics; Fuzzy-Dematel-ANP; fashion industry; market sensitiveness; materials flow; transaction flow; fashion industry competitiveness.
A Framework for Capturing and Applying Design Knowledge in New Product Development
by Juliana Schmidt, Milton Borsato, Edmar Hinckel, Fabio Maccari, Eduardo Onofre, Paulo Storrer
Abstract: The large amount of information that permeates the various activities of the new product development process has become increasingly common in many organizations. Under these conditions, there are difficulties in sharing and reusing design knowledge, especially by the fact that this knowledge is available within the company in different formats and locations. Due to this, design engineers often fail to use such information. To ensure a better use, it is important to organize and integrate the available knowledge in a collaborative manner. In this context, the Knowledge-based Engineering (KBE) approach can be associated. Through KBE concepts, the current study aims to develop a set of tools for assisting decision making, by storing and providing useful information in a timely manner. Such solution should meet the needs of its users (i.e. designers), as well as improve the quality of design activities along the Product Development Process (PDP). For this study, still under development, the following steps have been adopted: (a) delimitation of action scope (i.e. steps of PDP to be focused); (b) knowledge capture; (c) knowledge structuring through ontologies; (d) standardization; (e) development of rules; (f) creation of application solutions; and (g) performance evaluation of solutions. The application of the present proposal is expected to facilitate the access to information, significantly reduce the number of Engineering Change Requests (ECRs), as well as allow acquired knowledge to be used in subsequent projects (e.g. lessons learned).
Keywords: KBE; Knowledge Capture; Ontology; NDP.
INTERNET OF THINGS ENABLED MANUFACTURING: A REVIEW
by Ray Y. Zhong, Wenbo Ge
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) plays an important role in the manufacturing sector, allowing objects to be sensed and/or controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and therefore resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit in addition to reduced human intervention. With the world-wide spread of Industry 4.0, IoT-enabled manufacturing is now one of the key supports to smart factory, intelligent automation, and real-time adaptive decision-makings. This paper comprehensively reviews related technologies and world-wide movements so that insights and lessons could be useful for academia and practitioners when contemplating IoT technologies for upgrading and transforming traditional manufacturing into an new future in the context of Industry 4.0.
Keywords: Internet of Things; Cyber-physical Systems; Manufacturing; Industry 4.0; Review.
An Exploration of Accounting Information Systems Role in SMEs Failure Triangular?
by Ahmed Mohammad
Abstract: High rates of SMEs failure in recent years question whether and how information system can help in raising financial awareness? To address this question, the present paper seeks to empirically explore the relationship between use of accounting information systems and SMEs failure. By reviewing recent trends in SMEs management and success of information systems, this paper argues that the SMEs failure is due to the lack of information systems and resources. Using survey data from 338 SMEs professionals and by applying structural equation modeling (SEM), outcomes suggests that effective use of accounting information systems enhances the financial awareness and organizational agility which in sequence reduce SMEs failure.
Keywords: SMEs; Accounting information systems; failure; awareness; survive; success.
The relationship between organizational agility and applying knowledge management
by Hossein Sayyadi Tooranloo, Sepideh Saghafi
Abstract: The agility is a relatively new concept in todays business that has become a critical capability for the organizations. In fact, it is the most important factor for organization in the dynamic and turbulent environment. The agile organizations need to adaptability strategies for applying knowledge management tools to overcome uncertainty. This kind of organizations distributes knowledge through creating the knowledge and exchanging the information between people and provide the opportunity to achieve the agility. Therefore, considering the issue of knowledge management and its effect on agility is critical and inevitable for todays organizations. This study aims to study the effect of applying knowledge management on agility as the case study in the ceramic and tile industry. The data was collected using questionnaire. The structural equation method was used to analyze the research hypothesis using Amos software. The results of the study showed that applying knowledge management has positive and meaningful effect on agility that is equal to 0.72.
Keywords: Agility; Flexibility; Responsiveness; Market understanding; Competence; Speed; Knowledge management.
An Exploratory Examination of Modes of Interaction and Work in Waterfall and Agile Teams
by Sondra Ashmore, Anthony Townsend, Samuel DeMarie, Brian Mennecke
Abstract: As Agile becomes the preferred methodology for managing projects, many organizations are trying to understand how their processes and culture will change. Using the Adaptive Structuration Theory as a lens for analysis, this case study explores the dynamics of two large teams, one who continued to use the Waterfall method and other who transitioned to Agile methodologies. The results show that there are important adaptations and cultural differences that should be considered when an organization starts leveraging Agile methods.
Keywords: Agile; Waterfall; software development; adaptive structuration theory; organizational change; virtual teams.
Special Issue on: New Trends in Agile Manufacturing The Path to Intelligent, Competitive Manufacturing and Sustainable Growth
Organizational culture aspects that facilitate Lean Implementation: A Pilot Study
by Abdullah Alkhoraif, Patrick McLaughlin
Abstract: The paper aims to identify enablers and inhibitors of Lean Implementation (LI) in a Small and Medium-sized Manufacturing (SME) organization in Saudi Arabia. It proposes aspects of the social transformation process and how these aspects are affected by organizational culture. The paper opted for an exploratory study using the semi-structure interview approach of grounded theory, including 7 in-depth interviews with employees representing middle and senior management having mainly an experience of Lean Implementation background. The data was complemented by context analysis, including simultaneous and concurrent data collection and constant comparison methods. The paper provides empirical insights about how change is brought about during implementing Lean. It suggests successful communication and teamwork. However, there were two codes which had not been evidenced in prior research and were not identified in the literature review. These include; multiple decision makers and the family effect. This highlights that the findings and proposed result from the pilot study may lack generalisability. Therefore, the researcher moved to the next stage for the main study. The paper gives an initiating result and an in-depth analysis on the aspects affecting LI in manufacturing companies and how the organizational culture aspects affects its application and sustenance. This paper fulfils an identified need to study how organizational culture affects LI. It demonstrates the current state of LI in manufacturing companies by uncovering the linkage between enablers and inhibitors of organizational culture in an integrated framework.
Keywords: Organizational Culture; Lean Implementation (LI); Enablers and Inhibitors; Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs). Pilot study.
Modelling the metrics of leagile supply chain and leagility evaluation
by Aravind Raj Sakthivel, Jayakrishna Kandasamy, Vimal KEK
Abstract: The modern manufacturing industries are witnessing a transient phase in their supply chain strategy, which forms the backbone of any competitive firm. The paradigm shift from mass production to lean, then to agile and finally a combination of both leagile is being taken into account in the supply chain strategy. The success of an organization in this highly competitive market scenario depends on the management and improvement of supply chain. In this article, the performance metrics of a case supply chain have been modelled and then the dominant supply chain paradigm (i.e. lean, agile or leagile supply chain characteristics) have been evaluated. For this, a conceptual model for leagile supply chain metrics was developed. Using Analytical Network Process, supply chain performance weight index for three Supply Chain paradigms have been computed. The supply chain performance weight index of lean, agile and leagile paradigms are 0.193, 0.301 and 0.506 respectively. Based on the Desirability index score, Leagile paradigm has been selected as the best supply chain strategy for the case organization. The above result has been confirmed by conducting sensitivity analysis for three scenarios at determinant level. Finally using Multi Grade Fuzzy approach, the current leagility index has been computed as 6.78 on a 10 point Likerts scale. Based on the multi grade fuzzy approach, weaker areas have been identified and improvement proposals have been derived in consultation with the decision makers.
Keywords: Supply chains; Leagile supply chain; Analytical Network Process; Supply Chain Performance Weighted Index; Multi Grade Fuzzy approach; Leagility Index.