The use of barium-containing fuel additives for smoke suppression in diesel engines
by N.A. Apostolescu, R.D. Matthews, R.F. Sawyer
International Journal of Vehicle Design (IJVD), Vol. 1, No. 1, 1979

Abstract: The use of a fuel additive containing barium for suppressing smoke in diesel engines was investigated. Effects on particulate reduction, other pollutant emissions and performance were explored for a range of speeds and loads. The particulate emissions were analysed gravimetrically and reported in terms of particle concentration and emission index. It was found that the barium additive was efficient in reducing the total mass of particulate emissions with a maximum reduction of 40% and an average reduction of 23% in the emission index. The efficiency of the additive was a function of the speed of the engine and the road. The additive had no significant effect on other engine performance and emission parameters. Public health aspects of the use of the additive were also examined. From the engine design and public health perspectives, use of barium additives may be the most advantageous method of suppressing smoke emissions if a method can be found to maximize the conversion of the barium to barium sulphate.

Online publication date: Sun, 25-May-2014

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Vehicle Design (IJVD):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email