The association of weather variables with rice production and simulation of agro-adaptation measure for northeast Thailand: evidence from panel data model
by Nirote Sinnarong; Kotchaporn Pongcharoen; Kasama Thaeye; Siriporn Phuntulee; Worawut Ngampiboonwet
International Journal of Global Warming (IJGW), Vol. 14, No. 3, 2018

Abstract: Climate change poses a significant threat to agriculture and global food supply. This study aims to estimate the potential impacts of weather on rice production and agro-adaptation in northeast Thailand. Based on the rice production and weather data from 17 provinces over the 1989-2014 periods, the feasible generalised least squares are explored to obtain reliable estimates. The results showed that an increase in the temperature during the crop-growing season has adverse effects on the rice production. The rainfall increases are found to increase rice production levels. The numerical simulations provided evidence that altering planting can reduce the impact of weather on rice production risk by 25.16 to 57.95% for the possible adaptations. Applying a new rice variety can reduce rice production risk by 35.50 to 44.56%. Simulation results revealed that the decrease in impact of weather on rice production can be mitigated significantly using proper agro adaptations practices.

Online publication date: Thu, 08-Mar-2018

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