Exporting Vietnam's agricultural and fishery products to European Union market under green trade barriers
by Nguyen Viet Khoi; Le Thi Thanh Thuy
International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy (IJDIPE), Vol. 1, No. 3/4, 2013

Abstract: The number of environmental protection regulations, acting as green trade barriers is increasing despite the fact that there is no common policy framework or a powerful international organisation responsible for monitoring them. The vague borderline between environment protection and trade protectionism has fuelled many trade disputes and concerns over its negative impacts on exporting countries. This research is done with a view to providing a comprehensive theoretical framework on impacts of environmental trade barriers as well as exploring how they work in reality, especially in Vietnam and European Union trade relationship. The study finds one important result: requirements to upgrade technology to meet the precise technical regulations and expenditure for conformity assessment actually increase production costs to small and medium companies in the short-term. However, proper adjustments to these requirements will bring about long-term benefits. Specifically, studying the case of applying good agricultural practices (GAP), one kind of voluntary environment regulations reveals that GAP helps to improve products' quality and raise the productivity, which opens an access to developed markets to gain higher profits.

Online publication date: Sat, 12-Jul-2014

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