Design and simulation of two wooden-post W-beam guardrails to eliminate wheel snagging
by A.O. Atahan, O.F. Cansiz
International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems (IJHVS), Vol. 11, No. 1, 2004

Abstract: Recent crash tests on strong-post round- and rectangular-wood W-beam guardrail systems demonstrate that wheel snagging can be a serious concern for vehicle stability and impact severity. There are several methods that exist to minimise wheel snagging in strong-post guardrail systems. This paper aims to investigate the effect of one of those methods: the increased offset distance between post and W-beam rail. Extensive simulation studies are performed to determine optimum offset distances between the post and W-beam in both systems. Different designs with varying offset block depths are evaluated and their impact performances are compared. LS-DYNA, a versatile, nonlinear, large deformation, finite-element program is utilised to analyse different alternatives. Guardrail models previously validated against full-scale crash tests were used in the analysis. Simulation findings suggest that tendency to wheel snagging reduces with increased offset depths. 260-mm depth was determined to be the optimum offset distance between the wooden posts and W-beam. Simulation results show that when a nominal 260-mm offset distance is provided, wheel snagging and associated vehicle instability and impact severity can be alleviated in wooden-post guardrail systems.

Online publication date: Sat, 27-Mar-2004

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

 
Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems (IJHVS):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?


Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email subs@inderscience.com