D-company: a study of the crime-terror nexus in South Asia
by Ryan Clarke
International Journal of Business and Globalisation (IJBG), Vol. 4, No. 3, 2010

Abstract: This article examines India's largest criminal syndicate – Dawood Ibrahim's D-Company. Although D-Company is global, its primary areas of operation are Mumbai, Karachi and Dubai. The crime-terror nexus is explored in D-Company's relationship with Pakistan's inter-services intelligence (ISI). Two notable cases are: (1) ISI's provision of weaponry to the Khalistan Movement in Punjab via underground networks and (2) ISI and D-Company's joint effort that resulted in the 1993 Mumbai Blasts. Chinese arms in South Asia and the potential role of D-Company as a smuggler on behalf of ISI are then discussed. It is a relationship strengthened by Ibrahim's refuge in Pakistan. This article argues that although the sources of weaponry in possession of Indian-Held Kashmir-based militant groups are many, Chinese arms are found to be the most prevalent and that these weapons are provided by Pakistan and smuggled into Indian-Held Kashmir via criminal syndicates like D-Company.

Online publication date: Wed, 03-Mar-2010

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