Socio-economic inequality and economic growth in BRICS countries: relationships and policy options
by Olawumi D. Awolusi; Josue Mbonigaba
International Journal of Services, Economics and Management (IJSEM), Vol. 11, No. 4, 2020

Abstract: This paper assesses the influence of economic growth on socio-economic inequality in the Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) countries, using a yearly dataset from 1980 to 2017. The long-run equilibrium relationships were established via Pesaran et al.'s autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) cointegration technique, as well as, Toda and Yamamoto's granger no-causality approach in a two-variable vector autoregression model. The outcome of the estimated causality test detected both unidirectionally and bidirectionally causal effects in the short-run for all the variables. Our study, therefore, concluded that the long-run equilibrium relationships between economic growth and socio-economic inequalities in the BRICS countries vary from one country to another, but were largely insignificant in the models of Russia and China during the study period. This is tacit support for the Kuznets hypothesis in both China and Russia. All robustness checks validated our main findings. Varied policy options and recommendations are highlighted.

Online publication date: Mon, 21-Dec-2020

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Services, Economics and Management (IJSEM):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email